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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780033/public-attitudes-in-england-towards-the-sharing-of-personal-data-following-a-mass-casualty-incident-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
G James Rubin, Rebecca Webster, Antonia N Rubin, Richard Amlot, Nick Grey, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess public attitudes towards data sharing to facilitate a mental health screening programme for people caught up in a mass casualty incident. DESIGN: Two, identical, cross-sectional, online surveys, using quotas to ensure demographic representativeness of people aged 18-65 years in England. Participants were randomly allocated to consider a scenario in which they witness a terrorism-related radiation incident or mass shooting, after which a police officer records their contact details...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779697/usefulness-of-controlled-attenuation-parameter-for-detecting-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-general-population
#2
Hyo Eun Park, Heesun Lee, Su-Yeon Choi, Min-Sun Kwak, Jong In Yang, Jeong Yoon Yim, Goh Eun Chung
BACKGROUND: Liver fibroscan has recently been suggested as an alternative method to measure liver steatosis noninvasively. In this study, we evaluated usefulness of controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) for detecting increased arterial stiffness in general population. METHODS: A total of 515 asymptomatic patients without potential cause of liver disease who had liver fibroscan and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) during their health check-up exams were included...
May 4, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764488/interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-groups-an-umbrella-review
#3
REVIEW
Melinda Craike, Glen Wiesner, Toni A Hilland, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea
BACKGROUND: People from socioeconomically disadvantaged population groups are less likely to be physically active and more likely to experience adverse health outcomes than those who are less disadvantaged. In this umbrella review we examined across all age groups, (1) the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, (2) the characteristics of effective interventions, and (3) directions for future research. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were searched up to May 2017 to identify systematic reviews reporting physical activity interventions in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations or sub-groups...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752133/usefulness-of-ca-19-9-for-pancreatic-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-new-onset-diabetes
#4
Jung Wan Choe, Hyo Jung Kim, Jae Seon Kim, Jaehyung Cha, Moon Kyung Joo, Beom Jae Lee, Jong-Jae Park, Young-Tae Bak
BACKGROUND: Generally, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) is not useful for screening pancreatic cancer in the asymptomatic general population. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of CA 19-9 level as a screening indicator of pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic patients with new-onset diabetes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who visited our health promotion center for health check-ups without cancer related symptoms from January 2005 to January 2014, and were newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) within 2 years before their visit...
April 20, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741208/induction-of-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes-for-women-at-or-beyond-term
#5
REVIEW
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Beyond term, the risks of stillbirth or neonatal death increase. It is unclear whether a policy of labour induction can reduce these risks. This Cochrane review is an update of a review that was originally published in 2006 and subsequently updated in 2012 OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a policy of labour induction at or beyond term compared with a policy of awaiting spontaneous labour or until an indication for birth induction of labour is identified) on pregnancy outcomes for infant and mother...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735392/postnatal-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-follow-up-perspectives-of-australian-hospital-clinicians-and-general-practitioners
#6
Catherine Kilgour, Fiona Elizabeth Bogossian, Leonie Callaway, Cindy Gallois
PROBLEM: The reasons for low postnatal screening rates for women with gestational diabetes mellitus are not well understood. Multiple care providers, settings and changes to diagnostic criteria, may contribute to confusion over postnatal care. Quality of communication between clinicians may be an important influence for the completion of postnatal gestational diabetes mellitus follow-up. AIM: Describe and analyse communication processes between hospital clinicians (midwives, medical, allied staff) and general practitioners who provide postnatal gestational diabetes mellitus care...
May 4, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734319/-a-critical-analysis-of-the-degree-of-care-humanization-in-the-hospitals-of-the-provincia-romana-san-giovanni-di-dio-fatebenefratelli-fbf
#7
Flavia Verginelli, Rosaria Gallo, Annalisa Teti, Claudia Franco, Patrizia Piscioneri, Giovanni Pimpinella, Rosalia Fiore, Angela Primavera, Adriana Sorrentino, Giovanni Guglielmucci, Michele Venditti, Alberto Carbone, Mariateresa Iannuzzo, Giampiero Seroni, Pietro Civello, Maria Cardarelli, Giovanni Roberti
In the Hospitals of the Ordine della Provincia Romana San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli (FBF) (consisting of four hospitals located in three Italian regions) Patient Centeredness has always been considered a central point. In 2015, the Central Hospitals' Health Direction decided to use a check-list for the evaluation of the degree of Patient Centered Care Facilities, drawn up by the National Agency for Regional Health Services (Age.Na.S) during the 2010 Research Project "Experimentation and transfer of organizational empowerment models for evaluating and improving the quality of health services...
January 2018: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726042/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-during-early-childhood-an-epidemiological-survey
#8
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Bárbara Emanoelle Costa Oliveira, Kimberly Marie Jones, Andréa Maria Eleutério De Barros Lima Martins
BACKGROUND: The use of dental care services contributes to the improvement of children's healthy behaviors, reducing the prevalence of future dental problems. In this way, the purpose of this study was to describe the use of dental care service during early childhood and the possible socioeconomic inequalities in this use. DESIGN: Data from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil, 2010) were used. Interviews with the children's parents and clinical examinations with the children were conducted in a 5-year-old representative sample...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723802/integrating-smoking-cessation-care-into-routine-service-delivery-in-a-medically-supervised-injecting-facility-an-acceptability-study
#9
Eliza Skelton, Flora Tzelepis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Ashleigh Guillaumier, William Wood, Marianne Jauncey, Allison M Salmon, Sam McCrabb, Kerrin Palazzi, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) the prevalence of tobacco smoking exceeds 80%; making smoking cessation intervention a priority for this population. This study aims to examine staff and client perspectives from a supervised injecting facility regarding: i) whether an organizational change intervention increased rates of smoking cessation care delivery (pre- to post-intervention); and ii) acceptability of the intervention. METHODS: A pre-and-post intervention pilot study in a supervised injecting facility was conducted in Sydney, Australia between July 2014-December 2015...
April 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720162/uptake-of-health-checks-by-residents-from-the-danish-social-housing-sector-a-register-based-cross-sectional-study-of-patient-characteristics-in-the-your-life-your-health-program
#10
Lars Bruun Larsen, Annelli Sandbaek, Janus Laust Thomsen, Anne-Louise Bjerregaard
BACKGROUND: Poor uptake among socio-economically disadvantaged and susceptible populations is a well-known challenge of general health check interventions, and is widely cited as one of the reasons for the lack of population level effects seen in many studies. We report on patient characteristics among attendees and non-attendees of health checks made available to residents in the social housing sector of the municipality of Aarhus. We focus on this general population, as well as a particular sub-group living in an exceptionally deprived social housing area, and discuss the properties of intervention uptake that we need to be aware of to qualify and compare the effects of general versus targeted health checks in socially deprived areas...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702200/long-term-neurological-and-neuropsychological-complications-of-sulfur-mustard-and-lewisite-mixture-poisoning-in-chinese-victims-exposed-to-chemical-warfare-agents-abandoned-at-the-end-of-wwii
#11
O Isono, A Kituda, M Fujii, T Yoshinaka, G Nakagawa, Y Suzuki
In August 2003, 44 victims were poisoned by chemical warfare agents (CWAs) leaked from five drums that were excavated at a construction site in Qiqihar, Northeast China. The drums were abandoned by the former Japanese imperial army during World War II and contained a mixture of Sulfur mustard (SM) and Lewisite. We carried out a total of six regular check-ups between 2006 and 2014, and from 2008 we added neurological evaluations including neuropsychological test and autonomic nervous function test in parallel with medical follow-up as much as was possible...
April 24, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701344/median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-literature-review-and-case-report
#12
Nelson Camacho, Gonçalo Alves, Frederico Bastos Gonçalves, Rodolfo Abreu, Rita Ferreira, Joana Catarino, Ricardo Correia, Rita Bento, Maria Emília Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) or Dunbar syndrome is a rare clinical entity characterized by celiac trunk compression by median arcuate ligament and variable gastrointestinal symptoms (postprandial epigastric pain, nausea, weight loss, anorexia and diarrhea). However, some degree of radiographic compression is observed in 10%-24% of asymptomatic patients. Besides the extrinsic vascular compression, MALS has a multifactorial etiology and it has been suggested as a neurogenic disease resulting in altered sensation and pain from the somatic nerves in the splanchnic plexus...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691209/experiences-of-general-practitioners-and-practice-support-staff-using-a-health-and-lifestyle-screening-app-in-primary-health-care-implementation-case-study
#13
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Technology-based screening of young people for mental health disorders and health compromising behaviors in general practice increases the disclosure of sensitive health issues and improves patient-centered care. However, few studies investigate how general practitioners (GPs) and practice support staff (receptionists and practice managers) integrate screening technology into their routine work, including the problems that arise and how the staff surmount them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the implementation of a health and lifestyle screening app, Check Up GP, for young people aged 14 to 25 years attending an Australian general practice...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688646/-the-significance-of-the-legal-perspective-the-legal-world-s-contribution-to-the-medical-world
#14
REVIEW
Alona Sigler-Harcavi, Limor Cohen Ashkenazi
Working with medical and paramedical teams has taught us that the medical staff does not fully utilize the potential of judicial decisions and precedents as a source for learning, drawing conclusions and motivating progress. Judicial ruling is an essential part of the toolbox used by medical administrators in general, and healthcare risk managers in particular. Knowing the relevant legal rulings, before you embark on any given path, is the equivalent of looking before you leap. This is not necessarily an issue of "holy scripture", but should mainly be considered as a source for expanding your perspective...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683474/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-with-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Faith Matcham, Sarah Dauchy, Corrado Barbui, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: Major depression and other depressive conditions are common in people with cancer. These conditions are not easily detectable in clinical practice, due to the overlap between medical and psychiatric symptoms, as described by diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Moreover, it is particularly challenging to distinguish between pathological and normal reactions to such a severe illness...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678896/outcomes-for-patients-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-after-cardiac-surgery-followed-at-rural-district-hospitals-in-rwanda
#16
Emmanuel K Rusingiza, Ziad El-Khatib, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Gedeon Ngoga, Symaque Dusabeyezu, Neo Tapela, Cadet Mutumbira, Francis Mutabazi, Emmanuel Harelimana, Joseph Mucumbitsi, Gene F Kwan, Gene Bukhman
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, continued clinical follow-up, after cardiac surgery, is only available at urban referral centres. We implemented a decentralised, integrated care model to provide longitudinal care for patients with advanced rheumatic heart disease (RHD) at district hospitals in rural Rwanda before and after heart surgery. METHODS: We collected data from charts at non-communicable disease (NCD) clinics at three rural district hospitals in Rwanda to describe the outcomes of 54 patients with RHD who received cardiac valve surgery during 2007-2015...
April 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676539/past-and-current-status-of-adult-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-management-in-korea-a-national-health-insurance-service-database-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Seung Hyun Ko, Kyungdo Han, Yong Ho Lee, Junghyun Noh, Cheol Young Park, Dae Jung Kim, Chang Hee Jung, Ki Up Lee, Kyung Soo Ko
Korea's National Healthcare Program, the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS), a government-affiliated agency under the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare, covers the entire Korean population. The NHIS supervises all medical services in Korea and establishes a systematic National Health Information database (DB). A health information DB system including all of the claims, medications, death information, and health check-ups, both in the general population and in patients with various diseases, is not common worldwide...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671504/buprenorphine-therapy-for-opioid-use-disorder
#18
Roger Zoorob, Alicia Kowalchuk, Maria Mejia de Grubb
Opioid misuse, including the use of heroin and the overprescribing, misuse, and diversion of opioid pain medications, has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. As a result, there has been a dramatic increase in opioid use disorder and associated overdoses and deaths. Addiction is a chronic brain disease with a genetic component that affects motivation, inhibition, and cognition. Patient characteristics associated with successful buprenorphine maintenance treatment include stable or controlled medical or psychiatric comorbidities and a safe, substance-free environment...
March 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669966/effect-of-the-national-stress-check-program-on-mental-health-among-workers-in-japan-a-1-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Kotaro Imamura, Yumi Asai, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Akiomi Inoue, Hisanori Hiro, Yuko Odagiri, Toru Yoshikawa, Etsuko Yoshikawa, Norito Kawakami
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective cohort study evaluated the impact of the Stress Check Program, a recently introduced national policy and program aimed at reducing psychological distress among Japanese workers. METHODS: A baseline survey was conducted from November 2015 to February 2016, the period when Japan began enforcing the Stress Check Program. A one-year follow-up survey was conducted in December 2016. In the follow-up survey, two exposure variables were collected: having taken the annual stress survey, and experiencing an improvement in the psychosocial work environment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667726/interventions-for-infantile-haemangiomas-of-the-skin
#20
REVIEW
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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