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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801437/patient-experience-of-nhs-health-checks-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#1
Juliet A Usher-Smith, Emma Harte, Calum MacLure, Adam Martin, Catherine L Saunders, Catherine Meads, Fiona M Walter, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant
OBJECTIVE: To review the experiences of patients attending NHS Health Checks in England. DESIGN: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies with a thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of Medline, Embase, Health Management Information Consortium, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, OpenGrey, the Cochrane Library, National Health Service (NHS) Evidence, Google Scholar, Google, Clinical Trials...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801302/improving-patient-centered-care-for-young-people-in-general-practice-with-a-codesigned-screening-app-mixed-methods-study
#2
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Despite experiencing a high prevalence and co-occurrence of mental health disorders and health-compromising behaviors, young people tend not to seek professional help for these concerns. However, they do regularly attend primary care, making primary care providers ideally situated to identify and discuss mental health and lifestyle issues as part of young people's routine health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether using a codesigned health and lifestyle-screening app, Check Up GP, in general practice influenced young people's assessment of the quality of their care (measures of patient-centered care and youth friendliness), and their disclosure of sensitive issues...
August 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799142/what-to-do-in-failed-hemispherotomy-our-clinical-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Andrea Bartoli, Y El Hassani, B Jenny, S Momjian, C M Korff, M Seeck, S Vulliemoz, K Schaller
Hemispherotomy is an established surgical technique to cure or palliate selected, mostly young patients suffering from refractory epilepsy. However, a few patients continue to have seizures despite the surgical hemispherical disconnection. We present a case series of patients who underwent redo hemispherotomy after a first unsuccessful hemispherical disconnection and provide a roadmap for subsequent workup and treatment. The institutional database of epilepsy surgery was reviewed. Twenty-four patients who underwent hemispherotomies for refractory epilepsy were identified between 2007 and 2016...
August 10, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791064/validation-of-farsi-translation-of-the-ocular-surface-disease-index
#4
Farzad Pakdel, Mahmood Reza Gohari, Anis Sadat Jazayeri, Afsaneh Amani, Niloofar Pirmarzdashti, Hossein Aghaee
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a Farsi version of Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) for the Iranian population. METHODS: This study was a translation and cross-cultural adaptation and validation of Farsi version of OSDI. Four bilingual (English-Persian) individual including three physicians and one native English teacher were asked to translate the original English OSDI questionnaire in Farsi. Following back and forth translation, integration and pilot check, the translation team came to consensus on translation...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756618/antioxidant-vitamin-and-mineral-supplements-for-slowing-the-progression-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#5
REVIEW
Jennifer R Evans, John G Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that antioxidants may prevent cellular damage in the retina by reacting with free radicals that are produced in the process of light absorption. Higher dietary levels of antioxidant vitamins and minerals may reduce the risk of progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the effects of antioxidant vitamin or mineral supplementation on the progression of AMD in people with AMD...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756617/antioxidant-vitamin-and-mineral-supplements-for-preventing-age-related-macular-degeneration
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer R Evans, John G Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: There is inconclusive evidence from observational studies to suggest that people who eat a diet rich in antioxidant vitamins (carotenoids, vitamins C, and E) or minerals (selenium and zinc) may be less likely to develop age-related macular degeneration (AMD). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether or not taking antioxidant vitamin or mineral supplements, or both, prevent the development of AMD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Trials Register) (2017, Issue 2), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 29 March 2017), Embase Ovid (1947 to 29 March 2017), AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database) (1985 to 29 March 2017), OpenGrey (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe) (www...
July 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742828/feasibility-of-rigid-3d-image-registration-of-high-resolution-peripheral-quantitative-computed-tomography-images-of-healing-distal-radius-fractures
#7
Joost J A de Jong, Patrik Christen, Ryan M Plett, Roland Chapurlat, Piet P Geusens, Joop P W van den Bergh, Ralph Müller, Bert van Rietbergen
For accurate analysis of bone formation and resorption during fracture healing, correct registration of follow-up onto baseline image is required. A per-fragment approach could improve alignment compared to standard registration based on the whole fractured region. In this exploratory study, we tested the effect of fragment size and displacement on a per-fragment registration, and compared the results of this per-fragment registration to the results of the standard registration in two stable fractures and one unstable fracture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740524/a-comparison-of-two-fixation-methods-for-femoral-trochanteric-fractures-a-new-generation-intramedullary-system-vs-sliding-hip-screw
#8
Christian Carulli, Federico Piacentini, Tommaso Paoli, Roberto Civinini, Massimo Innocenti
INTRODUCTION: Trochanteric fractures are frequent and generally associated with bone fragility. There is still debate on the best fixation device to treat stable or rather stable trochanteric fractures: we report our clinical and radiological results of fixation with Proximal Femoral Nail "antirotation" (PFNa) in a population of patients compared to a control group treated by Sliding Hip Screw (SHS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 71 consecutive patients treated by PFNa (group A), and 69 by a SHS (group B), with a mean age of 81...
January 2017: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739559/nurse-moderated-internet-based-support-for-new-mothers-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Kerrie Bowering, Debra Jeffs, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Murthy Mittinty, John W Lynch
BACKGROUND: Internet-based interventions moderated by community nurses have the potential to improve support offered to new mothers, many of whom now make extensive use of the Internet to obtain information about infant care. However, evidence from population-based randomized controlled trials is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the non-inferiority of outcomes for mothers and infants who received a clinic-based postnatal health check plus nurse-moderated, Internet-based group support when infants were aged 1-7 months as compared with outcomes for those who received standard care consisting of postnatal home-based support provided by a community nurse...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716287/kidney-dysfunction-and-silent-brain-infarction-in-generally-healthy-adults
#10
Sang Hyuck Kim, Dong Wook Shin, Jae Moon Yun, Ji Eun Lee, Jae-Sung Lim, Be Long Cho, Hyung-Min Kwon, Jin-Ho Park
BACKGROUND: The association between silent brain infarction (SBI) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)-based kidney dysfunction has not yet been definitively confirmed. This study aimed to investigate the association in generally healthy adults without a previous history of stroke or overt kidney disease. METHODS: The data from the screening health check-up program in the Seoul National University Hospital Health Promotion Center from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013 were used...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695555/adherence-to-osteoporosis-pharmacotherapy-one-year-after-osteoporotic-fracture-a-swiss-trauma-center-secondary-prevention-project
#11
Sabrina Morell, Christoph Hemmeler, Felix Amsler, Thomas Gross
AIMS OF THE STUDY: According to current evidence, one out of ten fracture patients with osteoporosis does not sustain another fracture if he or she is on adequate medication. However, epidemiological surveys show that only about 15 to 30% of affected patients avail themselves of the treatments. This cohort study investigated how many fracture patients with a recommendation for antiosteoporotic therapy effectively received treatment and the possible reasons why the treatment was not implemented...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695239/occurrence-of-clinical-bone-fracture-following-a-prolonged-stay-in-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-controlled-study
#12
Anne-Françoise Rousseau, Etienne Cavalier, Jean-Yves Reginster, Pierre Damas, Olivier Bruyère
Clinical consequences of critical illness and critical care (CC) on bone health remain largely unexplored. This retrospective study aimed to assess the number of new bone fractures (BF) following a prolonged length of stay (LOS) in intensive care unit (ICU). Adults admitted in our tertiary ICU during 2013 with a stay >7 days were included (CC group). Patients who died in ICU or lost to follow-up were excluded. For each CC patient still alive after 2 years of follow-up, 2 control patients, scheduled for surgery during 2013, were recruited and matched for gender and age...
July 10, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686787/barriers-and-facilitators-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-for-patients-of-rural-accountable-care-organization-clinics-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Hongmei Wang, Fang Qiu, Abbey Gregg, Baojiang Chen, Jungyoon Kim, Lufei Young, Neng Wan, Li-Wu Chen
PURPOSE: This study examines multilevel factors related to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in a rural Accountable Care Organization (ACO) setting. METHODS: The study used electronic medical record data from 8 rural ACO clinics in Nebraska. The final sample included 15,866 average-risk patients aged 50-75 years who visited participating clinics at least once from June 2014 to May 2015. Logistic regression was conducted to examine simultaneous effects of patient, provider, and county characteristics on CRC screening after accounting for provider-county-level correlation using a generalized estimating equations method...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665378/-the-application-of-general-magnetic-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-herniated-intervertebral-discs
#14
D D Voronina, A G Kulikov, I A Luppova, O V Yarustovskaya
AIM: The objective of the present work was to rehabilitate more efficiently the patients who had undergone the surgical treatment for herniated discs in the lumbosacral spine by applying general magnetic therapy during the combined treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients underwent the medical examination and treatment. The patients matched for age and sex presenting with similar clinical symptoms were divided into two groups. All of them received initial therapy that included medication, therapeutic physical exercises, and aquatic therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657641/life-satisfaction-in-spouses-of-stroke-survivors-and-control-subjects-a-7-year-follow-up-of-participants-in-the-sahlgrenska-academy-study-on-ischaemic-stroke
#15
Tamar Abzhandadze, Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christina Jern, Christian Blomstrand, Katarina Jood
OBJECTIVE: To investigate life satisfaction in spouses of middle-aged stroke survivors from the long-term perspective and to identify factors that explain their life satisfaction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control study. SUBJECTS: Cohabitant spouses of survivors of ischaemic stroke aged < 70 years at stroke onset (n = 248) and spouses of controls (n = 246). METHODS: Assessments were made 7 years after inclusion to the study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648149/attitudes-to-sexual-health-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-national-survey-of-youth-aged-15-25-years
#16
Matthew Hogben, Christopher Harper, Melissa A Habel, Kathryn Brookmeyer, Allison Friedman
Background: Several common global definitions of sexual health refer to physical, emotional and social well-being, with respect to sexuality, and also to the need for this well-being to be reflected for all individuals in relationships. How well sexual health definitions fit US youths' attitudes to sexual health, and associations between these attitudes, sexual behaviours and sexual health care were assessed. Methods: In total, 4017 youth aged between 15 and 25 years via an online survey panel, weighted to be representative of the US population, were surveyed...
June 26, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#17
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647726/treatments-for-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Maria Bryant, Trevor A Sheldon, Derek Tuffnell, Su Golder, Debbie A Lawlor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of different treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Systematic review, meta-analysis and network meta-analysis. METHODS: Data sources were searched up to July 2016 and included MEDLINE and Embase. Randomised trials comparing treatments for GDM (packages of care (dietary and lifestyle interventions with pharmacological treatments as required), insulin, metformin, glibenclamide (glyburide)) were selected by two authors and double checked for accuracy...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626171/association-between-overall-lifestyle-changes-and-the-incidence-of-proteinuria-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Minako Wakasugi, Junichiro Kazama, Ichiei Narita, Kunitoshi Iseki, Shouichi Fujimoto, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Tsuneo Konta, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Koichi Asahi, Masahide Kondo, Issei Kurahashi, Yasuo Ohashi, Kenjiro Kimura, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
Objective This study aimed to examine the association between the changes in an overall healthy lifestyle, as quantified by the number of unhealthy lifestyle factors and obesity status, and the incidence of proteinuria in the general Japanese population. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 99,404 (men, 36.9%) participants aged from 40-74 years of age who underwent two health check-ups with a 1-year interval in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Any participants with chronic kidney disease at baseline were excluded...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623995/rationale-design-and-methodology-of-the-observational-insights-svt-study-on-the-current-state-of-care-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-superficial-vein-thrombosis
#20
Rupert Bauersachs, Horst Eberhard Gerlach, Andreas Heinken, Ulrich Hoffmann, Florian Langer, Thomas Noppeney, David Pittrow, Jens Klotsche, Eberhard Rabe
OBJECTIVE: Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is a common disease in clinical practice. In terms of pathophysiology and outcomes, the condition is related to venous thromboembolism, bearing a potential for severe thromboembolic complications if it is not treated adequately. A wide range of treatment approaches (including oral and injectable anticoagulants, pain medication, nondrug therapy including compression therapy, and no treatment at all) are applied in clinical practice, but there is sparse information about selection of patients for therapies, current treatment pathways, and drug use as well as outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
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