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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922162/nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-in-mountain-guides-high-prevalence-and-lack-of-awareness-warrant-development-of-evidence-based-prevention-tools
#1
Alexander Zink, Elisabeth Koch, Florian Seifert, Markus Rotter, Christoph D Spinner, Tilo Biedermann
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common cancer in Switzerland and Europe. The main causative factor is exposure to ultraviolet radiation, which puts outdoor workers in general at a higher risk of developing NMSC than indoor workers. However, few studies have clinically examined the risk of developing NMSC to outdoor workers, especially mountain guides. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of NMSC and corresponding precancerous lesions, and the associated risk behaviour of mountain and ski guides in order to develop future prevention programmes...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913613/socioeconomic-differences-in-health-check-ups-and-medically-certified-sickness-absence-a-10-year-follow-up-among-middle-aged-municipal-employees-in-finland
#2
Kustaa Piha, Hilla Sumanen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence on the association between health check-ups and future morbidity. Among the general population, those with high socioeconomic position participate more often in health check-ups. The main aims of this study were to analyse if attendance to health check-ups are socioeconomically patterned and affect sickness absence over a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: This register-based follow-up study included municipal employees of the City of Helsinki...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905876/age-and-sex-specific-associations-of-anthropometric-measures-of-adiposity-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Kevin Y Taing, Michael E Farkouh, Rahim Moineddin, Jack V Tu, Prabhat Jha
BACKGROUND: A determinant of blood pressure is adiposity; however, there are uncertainties surrounding whether general or central adiposity is the more important determinant of blood pressure. Further, inconsistent results exist for the relationships of anthropometric measures with blood pressure and hypertension, and whether these relationships differ substantially by age and sex is unclear. We aimed to elucidate the associations of anthropometric measures of general and central adiposity with blood pressure and hypertension, and determine the effect of age and sex on these relationships...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889701/publishing-interim-results-of-randomised-clinical-trials-in-peer-reviewed-journals
#5
Nicholas Counsell, Despina Biri, Joanna Fraczek, Allan Hackshaw
BACKGROUND: Interim analyses of randomised controlled trials are sometimes published before the final results are available. In several cases, the treatment effects were noticeably different after patient recruitment and follow-up completed. We therefore conducted a literature review of peer-reviewed journals to compare the reported treatment effects between interim and final publications and to examine the magnitude of the difference. METHODS: We performed an electronic search of MEDLINE from 1990 to 2014 (keywords: 'clinical trial' OR 'clinical study' AND 'random*' AND 'interim' OR 'preliminary'), and we manually identified the corresponding final publication...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883365/educational-interventions-for-the-management-of-cancer-related-fatigue-in-adults
#6
REVIEW
Sally Bennett, Amanda Pigott, Elaine M Beller, Terry Haines, Pamela Meredith, Christie Delaney
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is reported as the most common and distressing symptom experienced by patients with cancer. It can exacerbate the experience of other symptoms, negatively affect mood, interfere with the ability to carry out everyday activities, and negatively impact on quality of life. Educational interventions may help people to manage this fatigue or to cope with this symptom, and reduce its overall burden. Despite the importance of education for managing cancer-related fatigue there are currently no systematic reviews examining this approach...
November 24, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875650/military-genitourinary-trauma-policies-implications-and-ethics
#7
Wendy K Dean, Arthur L Caplan, Brendan Parent
The men and women who serve in the armed forces, in the words of Major General Joseph Caravalho, "sign a blank check, co-signed by their families, payable to the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marines, up to and including their lives." It is human nature to consider such a pact in polarized terms; the pact concludes in either a celebratory homecoming or funereal mourning. But in reality, surviving catastrophic injury may incur the greatest debt. The small but real possibility of losing the ability to bear biological children due to genitourinary combat injury has been a topic of discussion in hushed tones, behind closed doors...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872510/association-of-the-aspartate-aminotransferase-to-alanine-aminotransferase-ratio-with-bnp-level-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-the-general-population-the-yamagata-study-10-year-follow-up
#8
Miyuki Yokoyama, Tetsu Watanabe, Yoichiro Otaki, Hiroki Takahashi, Takanori Arimoto, Tetsuro Shishido, Takuya Miyamoto, Tsuneo Konta, Yoko Shibata, Makoto Daimon, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Takeo Kato, Takamasa Kayama, Isao Kubota
Background. Early identification of high risk subjects for cardiovascular disease in health check-up is still unmet medical need. Cardiovascular disease is characterized by the superior increase in aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT). However, the association of AST/ALT ratio with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and cardiovascular mortality remains unclear in the general population. Methods and Results. This longitudinal cohort study included 3,494 Japanese subjects who participated in a community-based health check-up, with a 10-year follow-up...
2016: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871785/hyperuricemia-is-an-independent-competing-risk-factor-for-atrial-fibrillation
#9
Masanari Kuwabara, Koichiro Niwa, Shuzo Nishihara, Yutaro Nishi, Osamu Takahashi, Kazuomi Kario, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Takeshi Yamashita, Ichiro Hisatome
BACKGROUNDS: The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unclear because many parameters and diseases influence AF. This study was conducted to clarify the role of hyperuricemia as an independent competing risk factor for AF in an apparently healthy general population. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 90,143 Japanese subjects who underwent annual regular health check-up in St. Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, between January 2004 and June 2010...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867155/handgrip-strength-is-positively-associated-with-mildly-elevated-serum-bilirubin-levels-among-community-dwelling-adults
#10
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Teru Kumagi
Handgrip strength (HGS) is a useful measure of health-related quality of life and general muscle strength. Serum total bilirubin (T-B) may present potential beneficial effects in preventing oxidative changes which are associated with a risk of metabolic syndrome and the development of cardiovascular disease. Limited information is available regarding whether HGS is an independent confounding factor for serum T-B. The study participants were 214 men aged 71 ± 8 (mean ± standard deviation) years and 302 women aged 71 ± 7 years that were enrolled consecutively from among paticipants aged ≥ 50 years through an annual check-up process...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833874/effect-of-type-1-tympanoplasty-on-the-quality-of-life-of-csom-patients
#11
Khyati Bhatia, Lakshmi Vaid, H C Taneja
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) continues to be an important public health problem despite significant advances in medical science. Ear discharge, pain, discomfort, difficulty in hearing, limitation of routine activities and emotional problems due to CSOM cause a significant impact on the health and general well being of the patient. We have done Type 1 tympanoplasty in tubotympanic type of COM to reconstruct the tympanic membrane and alleviate the symptoms of the patients. This study presents an analysis of the impact of the surgery on the patient subjectively and its correlation with objective outcomes...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825237/full-time-kinetics-of-self-assembly-and-disassembly-in-micellar-solution-via-the-generalized-smoluchowski-equation-with-fusion-and-fission-of-surfactant-aggregates
#12
Alexander K Shchekin, Ilya A Babintsev, Loran Ts Adzhemyan
Full-time kinetics of self-assembly and disassembly of spherical micelles with their fusion and fission in non-ionic micellar solutions has been considered in detail on the basis of direct numerical solutions of the generalized Smoluchowski equations describing the evolution of the time-dependent concentrations of molecular aggregates for every aggregation number. The cases of instant increase of the monomer concentration up or dilution of a surfactant solution below the critical micelle concentration at large initial deviations from the final equilibrium state have been studied...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815233/app-chronic-disease-checklist-protocol-to-evaluate-mobile-apps-for-chronic-disease-self-management
#13
Kevin Anderson, Oksana Burford, Lynne Emmerton
BACKGROUND: The availability of mobile health apps for self-care continues to increase. While little evidence of their clinical impact has been published, there is general agreement among health authorities and authors that consumers' use of health apps assist in self-management and potentially clinical decision making. A consumer's sustained engagement with a health app is dependent on the usability and functionality of the app. While numerous studies have attempted to evaluate health apps, there is a paucity of published methods that adequately recognize client experiences in the academic evaluation of apps for chronic conditions...
November 4, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812846/a-comparative-study-of-obsessionality-in-medical-students-law-students-and-controls
#14
Michael D Harries, Suck Won Kim, Jon E Grant
Understanding obsessive-compulsive behavior in medical students and law students is necessary for administrators and educators to properly work with students struggling with obsessionality. We aim to compare the differences in obsessive symptoms between medical students, law students and a control population. A total of 100 third-year medical students, 102 third-year law students and 103 control subjects drawn from the general population completed the Leyton Obsessional Inventory (LOI). Subjects were examined on all three sections (symptoms/traits, resistance and interference) of the LOI...
November 3, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809972/perceptions-and-actions-of-dutch-sheep-farmers-concerning-worm-infections
#15
H W Ploeger, A F G Antonis, J C Verkaik, P Vellema, M H Bokma-Bakker
Gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections are considered among one of the toughest challenges sheep farmers face worldwide. Control still is largely based on the use of anthelmintics, but anthelmintic resistance is becoming rampant. To facilitate implementation of alternative nematode control strategies and to reduce anthelmintic usage, the purpose of this study was twofold: (i) to gain insight in common practices, knowledge gaps and perceptions of farmers regarding nematode control, and (ii) to provide foci of attention for improving parasite control practices and transfer of knowledge within the sheep husbandry...
October 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809886/efficacy-of-the-small-step-program-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-for-infants-below-age-12%C3%A2-months-with-clinical-signs-of-cp-a-study-protocol
#16
Ann-Christin Eliasson, Linda Holmström, Päivikki Aarne, Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Ann-Louise Weiland, Lena Sjöstrand, Hans Forssberg, Kristina Tedroff, Kristina Löwing
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have life-long motor disorders, and they are typically subjected to extensive treatment throughout their childhood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence supporting the effectiveness of early interventions aiming at improving motor function, activity, and participation in daily life. The study will evaluate the effectiveness of the newly developed Small Step Program, which is introduced to children at risk of developing CP during their first year of life...
November 3, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807958/-the-contribution-of-the-italian-association-of-cancer-registries-airtum
#17
Emanuele Crocetti, Carlotta Buzzoni
The study of cluster requires the ability to identify, with accuracy and completeness, the health events of interest and their geographical location and time of occurrence. For rare and complex diseases, such as childhood cancers, it is possible to observe a significant health migration from the place of residence, which makes the detection even more complex. The best tool to identify these rare diseases is represented by cancer registries (CRs). In fact, CRs collect, through many sources, information related to tumours that arise in the population resident in their areas of activity...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794507/-a-novel-survey-of-the-ethno-medicinal-knowledge-of-dental-problems-in-manoor-valley-northern-himalaya-pakistan
#18
Inayat Ur Rahman, Farhana Ijaz, Zafar Iqbal, Aftab Afzal, Niaz Ali, Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Azhar Khan, Said Muhammad, Ghulam Qadir, Muhammad Asif
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the study area, the traditional knowledge and cultural practices of utilizing medicinal plants in the human healthcare is primarily restricted to the old age members of the community, while younger generation is mostly unaware of the natural wealth usage. AIM OF THE STUDY: We provide the first ever ethno medicinal insights into the management of dental disorders in Pakistan. The prime objective of the study was to explore novel knowledge of these local and remote community members and share it with rest of the world in documented form...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769674/saving-single-rooted-teeth-with-combined-endodontic-periodontal-lesions
#19
Alexandre Pico-Blanco, Pablo Castelo-Baz, Leticia Caneiro-Queija, Antonio Liñares-González, Pablo Martin-Lancharro, Juan Blanco-Carrión
INTRODUCTION: Teeth affected by combined endodontic-periodontal lesions are usually considered by all prognosis classifications as hopeless teeth. The development of new biomaterials combined with modern endodontic and periodontal regeneration techniques may improve dental prognosis and maintain the affected teeth. Moreover, 1 of the replacement options for those teeth, dental implants, has shown an increasing number of biological and technical complications. METHODS: Five patients were included in this case series study...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761265/relationship-between-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-night-shift-work
#20
So-Hyun Moon, Bum-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Kim, Hwan-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Night shift work has well-known adverse effects on health. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between thyroid diseases and night shift work. This study aimed to examine night shift workers and their changes in thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) levels over time. METHODS: Medical check-up data (2011-2015) were obtained from 967 female workers at a university hospital in Incheon, Korea. Data regarding TSH levels were extracted from the records, and 2015 was used as a reference point to determine night shift work status...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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