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Alexandre Pico-Blanco, Pablo Castelo-Baz, Leticia Caneiro-Queija, Antonio Liñares-González, Pablo Martin-Lancharro, Juan Blanco-Carrión
INTRODUCTION: Teeth affected by combined endodontic-periodontal lesions are usually considered by all prognosis classifications as hopeless teeth. The development of new biomaterials combined with modern endodontic and periodontal regeneration techniques may improve dental prognosis and maintain the affected teeth. Moreover, 1 of the replacement options for those teeth, dental implants, has shown an increasing number of biological and technical complications. METHODS: Five patients were included in this case series study...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
So-Hyun Moon, Bum-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Kim, Hwan-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Night shift work has well-known adverse effects on health. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between thyroid diseases and night shift work. This study aimed to examine night shift workers and their changes in thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) levels over time. METHODS: Medical check-up data (2011-2015) were obtained from 967 female workers at a university hospital in Incheon, Korea. Data regarding TSH levels were extracted from the records, and 2015 was used as a reference point to determine night shift work status...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Tomonori Sugiura, Hiroyuki Takase, Shunsuke Murai, Sumiyo Yamashiya, Nobuyuki Ohte, Yasuaki Dohi
OBJECTIVE: The heart is one of the target organs of hypertension. Cardiac muscle responds to an increase in afterload by developing hypertrophy. In the process of developing hypertension, the heart is exposed to a transiently, but frequent, increase in afterload. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that left ventricular hypertrophy assessed by electrocardiography (ECG) predicts future development of hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Normotensive subjects who visited our hospital for a physical check-up (n = 5770; age, 52...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Grigoriy E Gurvits, Gloria Lan, Amy Tan, Arlene Weissman
BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) poses significant challenges to medical community. Preventive medicine, including vaccination against opportunistic infections, is important in decreasing morbidity and mortality in patients with IBD. We conduct first study to evaluate general awareness and adherence to immunisation guidelines by primary care physicians in the USA. METHODS: We administered an electronic questionnaire to the research panel of the American College of Physicians (ACP) assessing current vaccination practices, barriers to vaccination and provider responsibility for administering vaccinations and compared responses with the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization consensus guidelines and expert opinion from the USA...
October 12, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Beverley Lloyd, Santosh Khanal, Edwina Macoun, Chris Rissel
Health promotion in workplace settings has been prioritised to reduce chronic disease risk factors, both in Australia and internationally. This paper describes the design of a health risk assessment tool, the Brief Health Check (BHC). The BHC is one of two components of Get Healthy at Work, a state government-funded health promotion program for New South Wales workplaces. Policy imperatives required scaled-up delivery in the absence of a full pre-implementation summative evaluation. Translational formative evaluation was adapted to design an evidence based health risk assessment tool, a process for referring workers to healthy lifestyle programs, and a process for general practitioners to help workers mitigate their risk of chronic disease, independently of the workplace...
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
Young-Mi Eun, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). While the association of impaired glucose tolerance with CVD has been shown in many studies, the relationship between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and CVD remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores of participants with normal fasting glucose versus those with IFG, according to fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels, and to assess whether differences in CAC scores were independent of important confounders...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Takahiro Maeda
Previously, we reported that height is an indicator of the capacity of vascular repair in elderly men, especially hypertensive men. On the other hand, hemoglobin could act as a possible biochemical index of hypertension-induced vascular damage. However, no studies have clarified the correlation between height and hematopoietic activity. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 249 men aged 65-69 undergoing a general health check-up. Reticulocyte was used to evaluate hematopoietic activity. Because hemoglobin concentration should influence hematopoietic activity, analyses stratified by hemoglobin level were performed...
October 4, 2016: Aging
Daisuke Ichikawa
OBJECT: Our purpose was to develop a new machine-learning approach (a virtual health check-up) toward identification of those at high risk of hyperuricemia. Applying the system to general health check-ups is expected to reduce medical costs compared with administering an additional test. METHODS: Data were collected during annual health check-ups performed in Japan between 2011 and 2013 (inclusive). We prepared training and test datasets from the health check-up data to build prediction models; these were composed of 43,524 and 17,789 persons, respectively...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Fangfan Ye, Gaoyin Kong, Jia Huang
INTRODUCTION: Scleroderma is a progressive fibrotic disorder of connective tissue which can present multiple anesthetic challenges to anesthetists, especially airway management. Awake intubation with fiberoptic bronchoscope is widely accepted and implemented for progressive systematic scleroderma patients. With the development and improvement of intubation devices these years, there is no report addressing other intubation methods for sclerotic patients. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 47 year-old, 42-kg man with 1-year history of localized scleroderma was scheduled for the operation of inner fixation after 6 days of his acetabular fracture...
2016: SpringerPlus
Tomonori Sugiura, Hiroyuki Takase, Shunsuke Murai, Sumiyo Yamashiya, Nobuyuki Ohte, Yasuaki Dohi
OBJECTIVE: The heart is one of the target organs of hypertension. Cardiac muscle responds to an increase in afterload by developing hypertrophy. In the process of developing hypertension, the heart is exposed to a transiently, but frequent, increase in afterload. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that left ventricular hypertrophy assessed by electrocardiography (ECG) predicts future development of hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Normotensive subjects who visited our hospital for a physical check-up (n = 5770; age, 52...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sadi Turkan, Faruk Doğan, Ozan Ekmekçioğlu, Aslıhan Çolak, Mehmet Kalkan, Çoşkun Şahin
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the general knowledge and awareness levels, information sources, and the state of medical check-up for prostate cancer (PCa) and relevant effective factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The participants were asked to answer to 14 questions of a questionnaire about age, education, economic and social condition, knowledge about PCa, state of being examined and their related factors. According to demographic characteristics of the participants, levels of awareness about PCa, sources of information, affecting factors and their interrelationships were examined...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
Matthias Olden, Rolf Holle, Iris M Heid, Klaus Stark
BACKGROUND: Creating study identifiers and assigning them to study participants is an important feature in epidemiologic studies, ensuring the consistency and privacy of the study data. The numbering system for identifiers needs to be random within certain number constraints, to carry extensions coding for organizational information, or to contain multiple layers of numbers per participant to diversify data access. Available software can generate globally-unique identifiers, but identifier-creating tools meeting the special needs of epidemiological studies are lacking...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Maxine Stitzer, Donald Calsyn, Timothy Matheson, James Sorensen, Lauren Gooden, Lisa Metsch
Contingency management (CM) interventions generally target a single behavior such as attendance or drug use. However, disease outcomes are mediated by complex chains of both healthy and interfering behaviors enacted over extended periods of time. This paper describes a novel multi-target contingency management (CM) program developed for use with HIV positive substance users enrolled in a CTN multi-site study (0049 Project HOPE). Participants were randomly assigned to usual care (referral to health care and SUD treatment) or 6-months strength-based patient navigation interventions with (PN+CM) or without (PN only) the CM program...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Marsha Gerdes, Judy Bernbaum, Ryan M Antiel, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neurodevelopmental sequelae in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) children at 5years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort of 35 CDH patients was enrolled in our follow-up program between 06/2004 and 09/2014. The neurodevelopmental outcomes assessed at a median of 5years (range, 4-6) included cognition (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence [WPPSI], n=35), Visual-Motor-Integration (n=35), academic achievement (Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement, n=25), and behavior problems (Child Behavior Check List [CBCL], n=26)...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Eric Kaaru, Andrea Bianchi, Andreas Wunder, Volker Rasche, Detlef Stiller
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, is characterized by chronic unregulated inflammation of the intestinal mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. To date, this pathology has no cure. Colonoscopy and biopsies are the current gold standard diagnostic tools. However, being a chronic disease, IBD requires continuous follow-up to check for disease progress, treatment response, and remission. Unfortunately, these 2 diagnostic procedures are invasive and generally unable to show the cellular and molecular changes that take place in vivo...
October 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Ravish Manmohan Kshatriya, Nimit V Khara, Rajiv P Paliwal, Sateesh N Patel
It is not so common to aspirate foreign body in normal adults without any predisposing factors as compared to children and those with the altered neurological state. Endobronchial foreign bodies are one of the causes of obstructive pneumonia and difficult to diagnose as signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. However, once they are diagnosed, they can generally be removed, leading to rapid and drastic resolution of symptoms. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard in the identification and localization of an airway foreign body and also for better management of the ailment...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
A Lövgren, C M Visscher, B Häggman-Henrikson, F Lobbezoo, S Marklund, A Wänman
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are common but seem to be largely undetected within general dental care. To improve dentists' awareness of these symptoms, three screening questions (3Q/TMD) have been introduced. Our aim was to validate 3Q/TMD in relation to the diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD), while taking into account the severity level of the symptoms. The study population consisted of 7831 individuals 20-69 years old, who had their routine dental check-up at the Public Dental Health Service in Västerbotten, Sweden...
October 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
I Martinez-Albaladejo, M Prochazkova, I Perez-Sebastian, B Bernardino-Cuesta, C Martinez-Ferrandez, O M Suarez-Traba, M Budke, J J Garcia-Penas
INTRODUCTION: Syringomyelia is defined as a cavity containing cerebrospinal fluid inside the spinal cord. AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics of a series of patients with syringomyelia, as well as its diagnosis and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study by reviewing the medical records at our centre. RESULTS: We reviewed 25 patients diagnosed with syringomyelia. In five cases, the diagnosis was reached casually, and eight of them presented a previous severe pathology (tumour, bone or vascular)...
September 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
Christine Staples, Michelle Butler, Jennifer Nguyen, David N Durrheim, Patrick Cashman, Julia M L Brotherton
Background: The National Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination Program provides HPV vaccine to high school students through school-based vaccination. We aimed to: 1) assess the vaccine completion rates achieved when general practice is used for completing doses missed at school; 2) estimate the extent of under-notification by general practices of vaccine doses administered; and 3) assess the reasons reported by parents of students for non-completion of HPV vaccination. Methods: A postal survey was conducted of parents and carers of students and identified, using school-program records, as incompletely vaccinated in a large regional area of northern NSW vaccinated during 2010...
August 29, 2016: Sexual Health
Marine Azevedo Da Silva, Beverley Balkau, Ronan Roussel, Jean Tichet, Frédéric Fumeron, Guy Fagherazzi, Hermann Nabi
OBJECTIVE: To examine longitudinal associations between antidepressant medication use and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: 5014 participants (49.8% were men) from the D.E.S.I.R. cohort study, aged 30-65 years at baseline in 1994-1996, were followed over 9 years at 3-yearly intervals (1997-1999, 2000-2002, and 2003-2005). Antidepressant use and MetS, defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria (NCEP-ATP III) and the American Heart Association and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) criteria, were assessed concurrently at four medical examinations...
August 21, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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