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Perivascular macrophage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782084/brain-perivascular-macrophages-characterization-and-functional-roles-in-health-and-disease
#1
REVIEW
Giuseppe Faraco, Laibaik Park, Josef Anrather, Costantino Iadecola
Perivascular macrophages (PVM) are a distinct population of resident brain macrophages characterized by a close association with the cerebral vasculature. PVM migrate from the yolk sac into the brain early in development and, like microglia, are likely to be a self-renewing cell population that, in the normal state, is not replenished by circulating monocytes. Increasing evidence implicates PVM in several disease processes, ranging from brain infections and immune activation to regulation of the hypothalamic-adrenal axis and neurovascular-neurocognitive dysfunction in the setting of hypertension, Alzheimer disease pathology, or obesity...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760942/perivascular-adipose-tissue-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-promotes-vascular-inflammation-and-aneurysm-formation
#2
Tomoki Sakaue, Jun Suzuki, Mika Hamaguchi, Chika Suehiro, Akiko Tanino, Tomoaki Nagao, Teruyoshi Uetani, Jun Aono, Hirotomo Nakaoka, Mie Kurata, Tomohisa Sakaue, Takafumi Okura, Takumi Yasugi, Hironori Izutani, Jitsuo Higaki, Shuntaro Ikeda
Perivascular adipose tissue exhibits characteristics of active local inflammation, which contributes to the development of atherosclerotic disease as a complication of obesity/metabolic syndrome. However, the precise role of perivascular adipose tissue in the progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm remains unclear. To test the hypothesis that genetic deletion of angiotensin II type 1a (AT1a) receptor in perivascular visceral adipose tissue (VAT) can attenuate aortic aneurysm formation in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice, we performed adipose tissue transplantation experiments by using an angiotensin II-induced aneurysm murine model, in which we transplanted VAT from ApoE(-/-) or ApoE(-/-) AT1a(-/-) donor mice onto the abdominal aorta of ApoE(-/-) recipient mice...
July 31, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752628/intranasal-delivery-of-dexamethasone-efficiently-controls-lps-induced-murine-neuroinflammation
#3
Gabriela Meneses, Gohar Gevorkian, Alejandra Florentino, Marcel Alberto Bautista, Alejandro Espinosa, Gonzalo Acero, Georgina Díaz, Agnes Fleury, Ivan Nicolás Pérez Osorio, Adriana Del Rey, Gladis Fragoso, Edda Sciutto, Hugo Besedosky
Neuroinflammation is the hallmark of several infectious and neurodegenerative diseases. Synthetic glucocorticoids (GCs) are the first-line immunosuppressive drugs used for controlling neuroinflammation. A delayed diffusion of GCs molecules and the high systemic doses required for brain-specific targeting lead to severe undesirable effects, particularly when lifelong treatment is required. Therefore, there is an urgent need for improving this current therapeutic approach. The intranasal (IN) route is being increasingly employed for drug delivery to the brain via the olfactory system...
July 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710904/m1-macrophage-induced-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-promotes-infantile-hemangioma-regression
#4
Keith Q Wu, Christopher S Muratore, Eui Y So, Changqi Sun, Patrycja M Dubielecka, Anthony M Reginato, Olin D Liang
Infantile hemangiomas are benign tumors of vascular endothelial cells (ECs), characterized by three distinct stages: proliferating phase, involuting phase, and involuted phase. The mechanisms that trigger involution of hemangioma into fibro-fatty tissue remain unknown. We report a novel mechanism by which M1-polarized macrophages induce endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) and promote hemangioma regression. M1- but not M2-polarized macrophages induced EndMT in ECs. Tumor necrosis factor-α and, to a lesser extent, IL-1β and interferon-γ were the most potent cytokines produced by the M1 macrophages that induce in vitro EndMT...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702933/characterization-of-simbu-serogroup-virus-infections-in-type-i-interferon-receptor-knock-out-mice
#5
Kerstin Tauscher, Kerstin Wernike, Melina Fischer, Anne Wegelt, Bernd Hoffmann, Jens Peter Teifke, Martin Beer
In late 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel, arthropod-borne, teratogenic orthobunyavirus, emerged near the German/Dutch border and thereafter spread rapidly throughout the continent thereby causing great economic losses in European livestock. SBV mainly infects ruminants and closely related viruses such as Sabo virus (SABOV), Simbu virus (SIMBUV) and Sathuperi virus (SATV) have been isolated from their insect-vectors or putative ruminant hosts. However, information about their pathogenesis and in vivo studies with SABOV, SIMBUV, and SATV are scarce...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683667/early-immunomodulatory-effects-of-implanted-human-perivascular-stromal-cells-during-bone-formation
#6
Carolyn A Meyers, Jiajia Xu, Lei Zhang, Greg Asatrian, Catherine Ding, Noah Yan, Kristen Broderick, Justin Sacks, Raghav Goyal, Xinli Zhang, Kang Ting, Bruno Péault, Chia Soo, Aaron W James
Human perivascular stem/stromal cells (PSC) are a multipotent mesodermal progenitor cell population defined by their perivascular residence. PSC are most commonly derived from subcutaneous adipose tissue, and recent studies have demonstrated the high potential for clinical translation of this fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) derived cell population for bone tissue engineering. Specifically, purified PSC induce greater bone formation than unpurified stroma taken from the same patient sample. Here, we examined the differences in early innate immune response to human PSC or unpurified stroma (stromal vascular fraction, SVF) during the in vivo process of bone formation...
July 6, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657345/vegf-c-mediated-cardiac-lymphangiogenesis-in-high-salt-intake-accelerated-progression-of-left-ventricular-remodeling-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#7
Guo-Hong Yang, Xin Zhou, Wen-Jie Ji, Jun-Xiang Liu, Jing Sun, Yan Dong, Tie-Min Jiang, Yu-Ming Li
High salt (HS) diet can accelerate the progress of hypertensive left ventricular (LV) remodeling. But the detailed mechanism remains poorly understood. We hypothesized HS intake could impact cardiac lymphangiogenesis through tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP)/vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) signaling pathway which might play an important role in HS intake accelerated LV remodeling. Eight-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were randomized to 0...
June 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655639/inflammatory-cell-infiltrates-in-advanced-metastatic-uveal-melanoma
#8
Yamini Krishna, Conni McCarthy, Helen Kalirai, Sarah E Coupland
Current treatments for metastatic uveal melanoma (mUM) are limited and rarely prolong patient survival. Immunotherapy trials for mUM are few, and to-date have demonstrated only marginal success. High densities of tumour-associated-macrophages (TAMs) and infiltrating T-lymphocytes (TILs) in primary UM are associated with poor prognosis. Little is known about the immune microenvironment of mUM. Our aim was to examine the presence and distribution of TAMs and TILs in mUM within the liver. Whole tissue-sections of liver mUM (n=35) were examined by immunohistochemistry...
June 24, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648837/integrative-characterization-of-chronic-cigarette-smoke-induced-cardiopulmonary-comorbidities-in-a-mouse-model
#9
Ágnes Kemény, Kata Csekő, István Szitter, Zoltán V Varga, Péter Bencsik, Krisztina Kiss, Róbert Halmosi, László Deres, Krisztián Erős, Anikó Perkecz, László Kereskai, Terézia László, Tamás Kiss, Péter Ferdinandy, Zsuzsanna Helyes
Cigarette smoke-triggered inflammatory cascades and consequent tissue damage are the main causes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is no effective therapy and the key mediators of COPD are not identified due to the lack of translational animal models with complex characterization. This integrative chronic study investigated cardiopulmonary pathophysiological alterations and mechanisms with functional, morphological and biochemical techniques in a 6-month-long cigarette smoke exposure mouse model...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646872/role-of-p2x7r-in-the-development-and-progression-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#10
Jie Yin, Shuling You, Haopeng Liu, Li Chen, Chengdong Zhang, Hesheng Hu, Mei Xue, Wenjuan Cheng, Ye Wang, Xinran Li, Yugen Shi, Nannan Li, Suhua Yan, Xiaolu Li
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease that lacks sufficient treatment. Studies have shown that the Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome contributes to PAH pathogenesis, but the role of the upstream molecular P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) has remained unexplored. We investigated the role of P2X7R in the pathogenesis of PAH. METHODS AND RESULTS: PH was induced by a single subcutaneous injection of monocrotaline (MCT) (60 mg/kg) on left pneumonectomised Sprague-Dawley rats, as validated by significant increases in pulmonary artery pressure and vessel wall thickness...
June 24, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637381/role-of-caspase-3-mediated-apoptosis-in-chronic-caspase-3-cleaved-tau-accumulation-and-blood-brain-barrier-damage-in-the-corpus-callosum-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#11
Olena Y Glushakova, Andriy O Glushakov, Cesar V Borlongan, Alex B Valadka, Ronald L Hayes, Alexander V Glushakov
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be a significant risk factor for development of neurodegenerative disorders such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), and Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's (PD) diseases. Chronic TBI is associated with several pathological features that are also characteristic of neurodegenerative diseases, including tau pathologies, caspase-3-mediated apoptosis, neuroinflammation, and microvascular alterations. The goal of this study was to evaluate changes following TBI in cleaved-caspase-3 and caspase-3-cleaved tau truncated at Asp421, and their relationships to cellular markers potentially associated with inflammation and blood-brain (BBB) barrier damage...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636961/myeloid-cells-in-the-central-nervous-system
#12
REVIEW
Jasmin Herz, Anthony J Filiano, Ashtyn Smith, Nir Yogev, Jonathan Kipnis
The central nervous system (CNS) and its meningeal coverings accommodate a diverse myeloid compartment that includes parenchymal microglia and perivascular macrophages, as well as choroid plexus and meningeal macrophages, dendritic cells, and granulocytes. These myeloid populations enjoy an intimate relationship with the CNS, where they play an essential role in both health and disease. Although the importance of these cells is clearly recognized, their exact function in the CNS continues to be explored. Here, we review the subsets of myeloid cells that inhabit the parenchyma, meninges, and choroid plexus and discuss their roles in CNS homeostasis...
June 20, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623120/association-between-ischemic-stroke-and-erdheim-chester-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Guillaume Fargeot, Sabrina Stefanizzi, Sebastien Depuydt, Frederic Klapczynski, Alain Ameri
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by a xanthogranulomatous infiltration of tissues by spumous histiocytes. Neurological involvement is frequent, but ischemic strokes have been exceptionally described. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented with an acute ischemic stroke associated with a multisystemic disorder including insipidus diabetes, infiltration of the aorta and the carotid arteries, perirenal infiltration, aortitis, and lytic bone lesions...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609345/histopathologic-findings-of-cutaneous-hyperpigmentation-in-addison-disease-and-immunostain-of-the-melanocytic-population
#14
Angel Fernandez-Flores, David S Cassarino
The histopathological features of cutaneous hyperpigmentation in Addison disease have very occasionally been reported, and they include acanthosis, hyperkeratosis, focal parakeratosis, spongiosis, superficial perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate, basal melanin hyperpigmentation, and superficial dermal melanophages. We present a study on 2 biopsies from the arm and the thigh in a 77-year-old woman with a long clinical history of Addison disease as well as senile purpura and alopecia of female pattern. The patient presented diffuse hyperpigmentation of the skin, more pronounced on her face, and left upper forehead...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596375/nlrp3-inflammasome-inhibition-by-mcc950-reduces-atherosclerotic-lesion-development-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice-brief-report
#15
Thomas van der Heijden, Eva Kritikou, Wouter Venema, Janine van Duijn, Peter J van Santbrink, Bram Slütter, Amanda C Foks, Ilze Bot, Johan Kuiper
OBJECTIVE: Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes, and their activation has been associated with cardiovascular disease. Inflammasome activation leads to secretion of caspase-1 by innate immune cells, resulting in the activation of interleukin-1β. Recently, a potent and selective inhibitor of the NLRP3 inflammasome, MCC950, was described. In this study, we investigated the effect of MCC950 on atherosclerotic lesion development in apoE(-/-) mice. APPROACH AND RESULTS: First, we determined the efficacy of MCC950 in vitro...
August 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579235/haematopoietic-tlr4-deletion-attenuates-perivascular-brown-adipose-tissue-inflammation-in-atherosclerotic-mice
#16
Penghao Liu, Gaojian Huang, Zhiyong Cao, Qihai Xie, Tong Wei, Chenglin Huang, Qun Li, Mengwei Sun, Weili Shen, Pingjin Gao
AIMS: To investigate whether haematopoietic TLR4 deletion attenuates perivascular brown adipose tissue inflammation in atherosclerotic mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experiments were performed using irradiated LDL receptor-deficient (LDLR(-/-)) mice with marrow from either TLR4-deficient (TLR4(-/-)) or age-matched wild-type (WT) mice. After 12 weeks of being fed a high-cholesterol diet, TLR4(-/-)→LDLR(-/-) mice developed fewer atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta compared to WT→LDLR(-/-) mice...
June 1, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559142/ag1296-enhances-plaque-stability-via-inhibiting-inflammatory-responses-and-decreasing-mmp-2-and-mmp-9-expression-in-apoe-mice
#17
Min Dong, Changping Zhou, Liang Ji, Bing Pan, Lemin Zheng
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a chronic process that progresses to unstable plaques. Plaque rupture leads to deleterious consequences such as acute coronary syndrome, thrombosis and stroke. AG1296 is a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor which is able to block PDGF-PDGFR signaling pathway. This study aims to assess the effect of AG1296 on plaque stability and explore the potential mechanisms. METHODS: Atherosclerotic plaques were induced in carotid arteries in ApoE-/- mice by perivascular collar placement...
May 27, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555373/blood-brain-barrier-injury-in-diabetes-unrecognized-effects-on-brain-and-cognition
#18
REVIEW
Marina Bogush, Nathan A Heldt, Yuri Persidsky
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disorder due to the inability properly to metabolize glucose associated with dysregulation of metabolic pathways of lipids and proteins resulting in structural and functional changes of various organ systems. DM has detrimental effects on the vasculature, resulting in the development of various cardiovascular diseases and stemming from microvascular injury. The blood brain barrier (BBB) is a highly specialized structure protecting the unique microenvironment of the brain. Endothelial cells, connected by junctional complexes and expressing numerous transporters, constitute the main cell type in the BBB...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515043/brain-perivascular-macrophages-initiate-the-neurovascular-dysfunction-of-alzheimer-a%C3%AE-peptides
#19
Laibaik Park, Ken Uekawa, Lidia Garcia-Bonilla, Kenzo Koizumi, Michelle Murphy, Rose Pistik, Linda Younkin, Steven Younkin, Ping Zhou, George Carlson, Josef Anrather, Costantino Iadecola
RATIONALE: Increasing evidence indicates that alterations of the cerebral microcirculation may play a role in Alzheimer disease, the leading cause of late-life dementia. The amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), a key pathogenic factor in Alzheimer disease, induces profound alterations in neurovascular regulation through the innate immunity receptor CD36 (cluster of differentiation 36), which, in turn, activates a Nox2-containing NADPH oxidase, leading to cerebrovascular oxidative stress. Brain perivascular macrophages (PVM) located in the perivascular space, a major site of brain Aβ collection and clearance, are juxtaposed to the wall of intracerebral resistance vessels and are a powerful source of reactive oxygen species...
July 21, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501115/postconditioning-attenuates-coronary-perivascular%C3%A2-and-interstitial-fibrosis-through-modulating-angiotensin-ii-receptors-and-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-after-myocardial-infarction
#20
Zhang-Feng Wang, Ning-Ping Wang, Suzanna Harmouche, Tiji Philip, Xue-Fen Pang, Feng Bai, Zhi-Qing Zhao
BACKGROUND: Postconditioning (Postcon) is known to reduce infarct size. This study tested the hypothesis that Postcon attenuates the perivascular and interstitial fibrosis after myocardial infarction through modulating angiotensin II-activated fibrotic cascade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 45-min coronary occlusion followed by 1 and 6 wk of reperfusion. Postcon was applied at the onset of reperfusion with four cycles of 10/10-s reperfusion-ischemia at the onset of reperfusion...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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