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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203508/deltoid-compartment-syndrome-a-rare-complication-after-humeral-intraosseous-access
#1
Kishan M Thadikonda, Francesco M Egro, Irene Ma, Alexander M Spiess
We present a case of a 65-year-old woman who developed a delayed deltoid compartment syndrome after resuscitation via humeral intraosseous access. Initially she was treated conservatively but then was taken emergently for a fasciotomy. After confirming the diagnosis with compartment pressures, a 2-incision approach was employed and a large hematoma was evacuated from the inferior margin of the anterior deltoid. The rest of the deltoid was inspected and debrided to healthy bleeding tissue. Her fasciotomy wounds were left open to heal on their own due to her tenuous clinical condition...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182411/solvothermal-synthesis-of-cu2sns3-quantum-dots-and-their-application-in-near-infrared-photodetectors
#2
Sandra Dias, Kishan Kumawat, Shinjini Biswas, Salaru Babu Krupanidhi
Cu2SnS3 (CTS) quantum dots were synthesized by solvothermal technique with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as a surfactant. The structural and optical properties were studied using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and UV-vis spectroscopy. The electronic band gap was measured using cyclic voltammetry. The infrared photoresponse of the CTS quantum dots-incorporated device was measured under different illumination intensities of the infrared lamp, 1550 and 1064 nm lasers...
February 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178376/treatment-trends-for-patients-with-brain-metastases-does-practice-reflect-the-data
#3
Kiri A Sandler, Narek Shaverdian, Ryan R Cook, Amar U Kishan, Christopher R King, Isaac Yang, Michael L Steinberg, Percy Lee
BACKGROUND: Published guidelines regarding the optimal treatment strategies for brain metastases focus on patients with ≤3 lesions. As delivery techniques for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) improve, radiation oncologists are increasingly using it for patients with >3 metastases. In the current study, the authors sought to characterize practice patterns among practitioners to identify areas of controversy. METHODS: A survey of practicing radiation oncologists was distributed via e-mail...
February 8, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168301/tlr4-induced-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapk-signaling-regulate-the-il-6-mrna-stabilizing-protein-arid5a
#4
Kishan K Nyati, Kazuya Masuda, Mohammad Mahabub-Uz Zaman, Praveen K Dubey, David Millrine, Jaya P Chalise, Mitsuru Higa, Songling Li, Daron M Standley, Kazunobu Saito, Hamza Hanieh, Tadamitsu Kishimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149710/associations-of-objectively-measured-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-with-all-cause-mortality-in-a-population-of-adults-at-high-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Kishan Bakrania, Charlotte L Edwardson, Kamlesh Khunti, Joseph Henson, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Mark Hamer, Melanie J Davies, Thomas Yates
The relationships of physical activity and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in those at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are unexplored. To address this gap in knowledge, we examined the associations of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time with all-cause mortality in a population of adults at high risk of T2DM. In 2010-2011, 712 adults (Leicestershire, U.K.), identified as being at high risk of T2DM, consented to be followed up for mortality...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126301/exploring-value-from-the-patient-s-perspective-between-modern-radiation-therapy-modalities-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#6
Narek Shaverdian, Darlene Verruttipong, Pin-Chieh Wang, Amar U Kishan, D Jeffrey Demanes, Susan McCloskey, Patrick Kupelian, Michael L Steinberg, Christopher R King
PURPOSE: Patients' perspectives on their treatment experiences have not been compared between modern radiation modalities for localized prostate cancer. We evaluated treatment regret and patients' perceptions of their treatment experiences to better inform our understanding of a treatment's value. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with localized prostate cancer treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), or high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy between 2008 and 2014 with at least 1 year of follow-up were surveyed...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117147/accelerometer-wear-site-detection-when-one-site-does-not-suit-all-all-of-the-time
#7
Alex V Rowlands, Tim S Olds, Kishan Bakrania, Rebecca M Stanley, Gaynor Parfitt, Roger G Eston, Thomas Yates, François Fraysse
OBJECTIVES: Choice of accelerometer wear-site may facilitate greater compliance in research studies. We aimed to test whether a simple method could automatically discriminate whether an accelerometer was worn on the hip or wrist from free-living data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Twenty-two 10-12y old children wore a GENEActiv at the wrist and at the hip for 7-days. The angle between the forearm and the total acceleration vector for the wrist-worn monitor and between the pelvis and the total acceleration vector for the hip-worn monitor (i...
May 21, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088883/candesartan-cilexetil-loaded-nanodelivery-systems-for-improved-oral-bioavailability
#8
Narendar Dudhipala, Kishan Veerabrahma
Candesartan cilexetil (CC), an antihypertensive drug, has low oral bioavailability due to poor solubility and hepatic first-pass metabolism. These are major limitations in oral delivery of CC. Several approaches are known to reduce the problems of solubility and improve the bioavailability of CC. Among various approaches, nanotechnology-based delivery of CC has potential to overcome the challenges associated with the oral administration. This review focuses on various nano-based delivery systems available and tried for improving the aqueous solubility, dissolution and consequently bioavailability of CC upon oral administration...
February 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087555/associations-of-reallocating-sitting-time-into-standing-or-stepping-with-glucose-insulin-and-insulin-sensitivity-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-adults-at-risk-of-type-2-diabetes
#9
Charlotte L Edwardson, Joe Henson, Danielle H Bodicoat, Kishan Bakrania, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies, Thomas Yates
OBJECTIVE: To quantify associations between sitting time and glucose, insulin and insulin sensitivity by considering reallocation of time into standing or stepping. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Leicestershire, UK, 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 30-75 years at high risk of impaired glucose regulation (IGR) or type 2 diabetes. 435 adults (age 66.8±7.4 years; 61.7% male; 89.2% white European) were included. METHODS: Participants wore an activPAL3 monitor 24 hours/day for 7 days to capture time spent sitting, standing and stepping...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048191/su-f-j-135-tumor-displacement-based-binning-for-respiratory-gated-time-independent-5dct-treatment-planning
#10
L Yang, D O'Connell, P Lee, N Shaverdian, A Kishan, J Lewis, T Dou, D Thomas, X Qi, D Low
PURPOSE: A published 5DCT breathing motion model enables image reconstruction at any user-selected breathing phase, defined by the model as a specific amplitude (v) and rate (f). Generation of reconstructed phase-specific CT scans will be required for time-independent radiation dose distribution simulations. This work answers the question: how many amplitude and rate bins are required to describe the tumor motion with a specific spatial resolution? METHODS: 19 lung-cancer patients with 21 tumors were scanned using a free-breathing 5DCT protocol, employing an abdominally positioned pneumatic-bellows breathing surrogate and yielding voxel-specific motion model parameters α and β corresponding to motion as a function of amplitude and rate, respectively...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047606/su-g-bra-04-simulation-of-errors-in-maximal-intensity-projection-mip-based-lung-tumor-internal-target-volumes-itv-using-real-time-2d-mri-and-deformable-image-registration-based-lung-tumor-tracking
#11
D Thomas, A Kishan, A Santhanam, Y Min, D O'Connell, J Lamb, M Cao, N Agazaryan, Y Yang, P Lee, D Low
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of inter- and intra-fractional tumor motion on the error in four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) maximal intensity projection (MIP)-based lung tumor internal target volumes (ITV), using deformable image registration of real-time 2D-sagital cine-mode MRI acquired during lung SBRT treatments. METHODS: Five lung tumor patients underwent free breathing SBRT treatment on the ViewRay, with dose prescribed to PTV (4DCT MIP-based ITV+3-6mm margin)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017867/fabrication-of-macromolecular-gradients-in-aligned-fiber-scaffolds-using-a-combination-of-in-line-blending-and-air-gap-electrospinning
#12
Alysha P Kishan, Andrew B Robbins, Sahar F Mohiuddin, Mingliang Jiang, Michael R Moreno, Elizabeth M Cosgriff-Hernandez
: Although a variety of fabrication methods have been developed to generate electrospun meshes with gradient properties, no platform has yet to achieve fiber alignment in the direction of the gradient that mimics the native tendon-bone interface. In this study, we present a method combining in-line blending and air-gap electrospinning to address this limitation in the field. A custom collector with synced rotation permitted fiber collection with uniform mesh thickness and periodic copper wires were used to induce fiber alignment...
December 22, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012335/is-the-absence-of-right-hepatic-vein-opening-into-inferior-vena-cava-a-contraindication-for-right-lobe-liver-donation-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation-common-hepatic-venous-trunk-a-rare-hepatic-vein-anomaly-a-case-report-and-review
#13
Samrat Ray, T Anila, Sandeep Kumar Jha, Saumitra Rawat, Kishan Singh Rawat, Suresh Kumar Singhvi
INTRODUCTION: In majority of the living liver donors, the left and the middle hepatic veins form a common trunk and the right hepatic vein drains by a separate trunk into the IVC forming two ostial openings. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report presents a rare challenge to the operating surgeon in which the three major hepatic veins form a common trunk and drain into the IVC through a single ostial opening. It was detected preoperatively by the routine donor imaging studies...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997685/urinary-toxicity-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-the-boy-who-cried-wolf
#14
Amar U Kishan, Patrick A Kupelian, Michael L Steinberg, Christopher R King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984489/intraobserver-and-interobserver-measurement-variability-of-the-rib-vertebral-angle-difference
#15
Robert G Tysklind, Karen Myung, George Gantsoudes, Shyam Kishan, Chad Turner, Stella Lee, Matthew Wanner, Meagan Sabatino, Scott Linger, Randall T Loder
BACKGROUND: The rib-vertebral angle (RVAD) differentiates between progressive and resolving infantile idiopathic scoliosis (IIS) curves. Those with a RVAD<20 degrees often resolve without treatment, whereas those >20 degrees often progress and require treatment. The mathematical magnitude of RVAD measurement variability has not been described, and was thus the purpose of this study. It is important to know the reliability of RVAD measurements so as to understand changes that can be attributed to observer error alone...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966892/rotational-dynamics-and-heating-of-trapped-nanovaterite-particles
#16
Yoshihiko Arita, Joseph M Richards, Michael Mazilu, Gabriel C Spalding, Susan E Skelton Spesyvtseva, Derek Craig, Kishan Dholakia
We synthesize, optically trap, and rotate individual nanovaterite crystals with a mean particle radius of 423 nm. Rotation rates of up to 4.9 kHz in heavy water are recorded. Laser-induced heating due to residual absorption of the nanovaterite particle results in the superlinear behavior of the rotation rate as a function of trap power. A finite element method based on the Navier-Stokes model for the system allows us to determine the residual optical absorption coefficient for a trapped nanovaterite particle...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964987/analysis-of-the-contaminants-released-from-municipal-solid-waste-landfill-site-a-case-study
#17
S R Samadder, R Prabhakar, D Khan, D Kishan, M S Chauhan
Release and transport of leachate from municipal solid waste landfills pose a potential hazard to both surrounding ecosystems and human populations. In the present study, soil, groundwater, and surface water samples were collected from the periphery of a municipal solid waste landfill (located at Ranital of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India) for laboratory analysis to understand the release of contaminants. The landfill does not receive any solid wastes for dumping now as the same is under a landfill closure plan...
December 10, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957560/auditory-and-nonauditory-effects-of-ultrasonic-scaler-use-and-its-role-in-the-development-of-permanent-hearing-loss
#18
Aditi Chopra, Betsy S Thomas, Kishan Mohan, Karthik Sivaraman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the negative auditory and non-auditory effects developed immediately after using ultrasonic scalers and their potential role in the development of permanent hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The auditory functions of 60 dental clinicians were evaluated with the pure tone audiometry test (PTA), tympanogram and the otoacoustic emission test (OAE) before and immediately after using ultrasonic scalers. The paired t-test was used to evaluate the difference in the pre- and post-exposure recordings for all three tests...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904197/myelitis-a-rare-neurological-complication-of-herpes-zoster
#19
Monika Mohanbhai Agrawal, Rashmi Samir Mahajan, Freny Erachshaw Bilimoria, Kishan Rasubhai Ninama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872540/glomangiopericytoma-versus-solitary-fibrous-tumor-an-omental-tumor-with-unusual-diagnostic-dilemma
#20
K Jayaprakash Shetty, Chandrika Rao, H L Kishan Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
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