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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236092/paternal-smoking-and-maternal-protective-behaviors-at-home-on-infant-s-saliva-cotinine-levels
#1
Man-Ping Wang, Yi-Nam Suen, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, William Ho-Cheung Li, David Soo-Quee Koh, Tai-Hing Lam, Sophia Siu-Chee Chan
BackgroundWe investigated the association between paternal smoking, avoidance behaviors and maternal protective actions and smoke-free home rules with infant's saliva cotinine in Hong Kong.MethodsSix hundred and seventy-five non-smoking mothers (mean age 32.6 years) who attended the maternal-child health clinics with their newborns aged ≤18 months completed a questionnaire about paternal smoking and avoidance behaviors, maternal protective actions, smoke-free rules at home, and infant's second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure...
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235746/clinical-problem-solving-a-tobacco-merchant-who-can-t-spit
#2
Sandra Benizri, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Noam D Kitrey, Dan Carter, Elinor Goshen, Yehonathan Sharabi
A 47 year old man presented with a combination of dry mouth and lightheadedness while standing. His medical background was unremarkable except for cigarette smoking and hyperlipidemia. Sjögren's syndrome was ruled out, and he was referred for evaluation of orthostatic hypotension, which by then included syncopal episodes and injuries. Additional symptoms included dry eyes, constipation, reduced sweating, and erectile dysfunction. After excluding medications and structural cardiac abnormalities as causes of orthostatic hypotension, a clinical autonomic evaluation was performed...
December 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235567/alcohol-and-oestrogen-metabolites-in-postmenopausal-women-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#3
Mary C Playdon, Sally B Coburn, Steven C Moore, Louise A Brinton, Nicolas Wentzensen, Garnet Anderson, Robert Wallace, Roni T Falk, Ruth Pfeiffer, Xia Xu, Britton Trabert
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of several cancers. Potential mechanisms include altered oestrogen metabolism. Parent oestrogens metabolise into alternate pathways of oestrogen metabolites that may have variable effects on cancer pathogenesis. We examined associations of alcohol consumption with circulating oestrogen/oestrogen metabolites in postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI)-Observational Study (OS). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of prediagnosis ovarian/endometrial cancer case-control data within WHI-OS (N=1864)...
December 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235392/re-evaluating-osteoporosis-and-fracture-risk-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-in-the-era-of-tnf-alpha-inhibitors
#4
Shahrad Hakimian, Joan Kheder, Seth Arum, David R Cave, Benjamin Hyatt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are at increased risk for osteoporosis and fractures as compared to the general population. Recently, various cytokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha are found to play a major role in bone health. In this study, we aimed to gain a better understanding of the risk factors for osteoporosis and vitamin D deficiency in the era of TNF-alpha inhibitors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 464 consecutive patients with CD in our GI clinic between 2008 and 2015...
December 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235264/reconceptualizing-motivation-for-smoking-cessation-among-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-incentives-and-facilitators
#5
Megan E Gath, Lisa K Stamp, Pip Aimer, Simon Stebbings, Gareth J Treharne
OBJECTIVES: Smokers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may have different motivations for, and barriers to, quitting. Understanding the motivations of smokers and ex-smokers with RA will help in the design and implementation of targeted smoking cessation interventions for people with RA that are not based solely on extrapolation from the general population or populations with other chronic illnesses. METHODS: Twenty-nine smokers and 10 recent ex-smokers with RA participated in semi-structured interviews via telephone 18 months after being offered a smoking cessation intervention in Aotearoa/New Zealand...
December 13, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235248/smoking-and-pregnancy-getting-dads-on-the-bus
#6
Robert M Silver
In this issue of BJOG, Roman-Galvez and colleagues show that some women decrease their amount of smoking or stop smoking entirely during pregnancy (Roman-Galvez BJOG; in press). However, few partners decrease smoking during pregnancy. In addition to exposing the pregnancy to passive smoking, continued smoking by their partner decreases the odds of the woman quitting. Accordingly, public health measures should target partners as well as patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 13, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235189/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Felix Naughton, Michael Ussher
AIM: To identify factors found in the research literature to be associated with smoking cessation in pregnancy. METHODS: Electronic searches of the bibliographic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Elsevier, Scopus and ISI Web of Science were conducted to April 2017. All studies reporting factors associated with smoking cessation or continuing smoking during pregnancy were included and systematically reviewed, irrespective of study design. The Newcastle Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to assess the study quality...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235186/improving-quit-rates-of-web-delivered-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-full-scale-randomized-trial-of-webquit-org-versus-smokefree-gov
#8
Jonathan B Bricker, Kristin E Mull, Jennifer B McClure, Noreen L Watson, Jaimee L Heffner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Millions of people worldwide use websites to help them quit smoking, but effectiveness trials have an average 34% follow-up data retention rate and an average 9% quit rate. We compared the quit rates of a website using a new behavioral approach called Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT; WebQuit.org) with the current standard of the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Smokefree.gov website. DESIGN: A two-arm stratified double-blind individually randomized trial (n = 1319 for WebQuit; n = 1318 for Smokefree...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234938/impact-of-incisional-hernia-development-following-abdominal-operations-on-total-healthcare-cost
#9
Vamsi V Alli, Jianying Zhang, Dana A Telem
BACKGROUND: Introduction of the category III CPT code (0437T) for prophylactic mesh augmentation (PMA) highlights efforts to reduce incisional hernia (IH). PMA's value in the context of value-based care requires understanding both the cost of IH development and the savings from prevention. We hypothesized large healthcare costs with IH development. Appreciating which subsets of patients are at highest risk for IH, and the subsets who have the costliest care is essential in targeting interventions for hernia prevention...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234542/demographics-and-sexual-characteristics-of-sex-enhancing-medication-users-study-of-a-web-based-cross-sectional-sample-of-sexually-active-men
#10
Abul-Fotouh Ahmed, Saad Alshahrani, Anthony Morgan, Ahmed H Gabr, Mohamed Abdel-Razik, Abdallah Daoud
Objectives: To evaluate the frequency of sex-enhancing medications (S-EM) use and to investigate the demographics and sexual characteristics of the S-EM users amongst a Saudi Arabian male population. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional sample of 1176 Saudi Arabian men was recruited using a web-based survey between 1 January and 1 April 2015. The survey included multiple open and closed questions to assess the frequency of S-EM use; and demographics, clinical, and sexual characteristics of S-EM users, as well as their perceptions of S-EM...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234509/assessing-the-second-hand-effects-of-a-new-no-smoking-policy-in-an-acute-mental-health-trust
#11
Benjamin Ian Perry, Katherine Meehan, Ashok Kumar Jainer
Aims and method To examine whether a new no-smoking policy in an in-patient mental health setting had any effects outside of smoking cessation. Our hypothesis stated that a forced smoking ban for in-patients may result in an increased susceptibility for clinical incidents, aggression and lower admission rates. All patients admitted to adult in-patient mental health services in Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust were included in the analysis. Data 6 months post-implementation of the smoking policy (1 July 2015 to 1 January 2016) were compared with the same period 1 year prior (1 July 2014 to 1 January 2015)...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234454/pulmonary-injury-associated-with-spray-of-a-water-based-nano-sized-waterproofing-product-a-case-study
#12
Paul T J Scheepers, Lucie Masen-Poos, Frits G B G J van Rooy, Arné Oerlemans, Eline van Daalen, Robbert Cremers, Hera Lichtenbeld, Bonne Biesma, Jorid B Sørli, Ismo K Koponen, Søren Thor Larsen, Peder Wolkoff, Asger W Nørgaard
Background: In most reported cases of lung trauma with water proofing products, volatile organic compounds (VOC) have a prominent role. Here we report on a case involving ten workers exposed to a sprayed product containing nanoparticles in a water solution with only a few percent VOC. Case presentation: Ten workers suffered from respiratory symptoms following spray impregnation of hardwood furniture using a waterproofing product that contained positively charged fluorinated acrylate copolymer solid cores with a median diameter of 70 nm (1...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234424/anxiolytic-effect-of-citrus-aurantium-l-in-crack-users
#13
Gabriel Chaves Neto, João Euclides Fernandes Braga, Mateus Feitosa Alves, Liana Clébia de Morais Pordeus, Sócrates Golzio Dos Santos, Marcus Tullius Scotti, Reinaldo N Almeida, Margareth de Fátima Formiga Melo Diniz
The objective of this study was to investigate the anxiolytic effects of the essential oil (EO) of Citrus aurantium L. in patients experiencing crack withdrawal. This was developed with internal users in therapeutic communities in Paraíba, Brazil. The test population consisted of 51 volunteers, subdivided into three groups. To elicit anxiety, the Simulated Public Speaking (SPS) method was used. Physiological measures were assessed at specific phases during the experiment using appropriate equipment. Psychological measures of anxiety were assessed using the Trait-State Anxiety Inventory (IDATE) and the Analog Smoke Scale (HAS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234369/bufei-yishen-granules-combined-with-acupoint-sticking-therapy-suppress-inflammation-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-rats-via-jnk-p38-signaling-pathway
#14
Yange Tian, Ya Li, Jiansheng Li, Suxiang Feng, Suyun Li, Jing Mao, Yang Xie, Xuefang Liu, Haoran Dong, Wanchun Zheng, Minghang Wang
The present study was initiated to explore the mechanism of the effects of Bufei Yishen granules combined with acupoint sticking therapy (Shu-Fei Tie) on inflammation regulated by c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAPK signaling in COPD rats. Seventy-two rats were divided into healthy control (Control), Model, Bufei Yishen (BY), acupoint sticking (AS), Bufei Yishen + acupoint sticking (BY + AS), and aminophylline (APL) groups (n = 12 each). COPD rats were exposed to cigarette smoke and bacteria and were given the various treatments from weeks 9 through 20; all animals were sacrificed at the end of week 20...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234262/physical-activity-decreases-kidney-cancer-mortality
#15
Michael Liss, Loki Natarajan, Aws Hasan, Jonathan L Noguchi, Martha White, J Kellogg Parsons
Background: To investigate associations of kidney cancer mortality with modifiable risk factors of obesity, physical activity, and smoking. Methods: We evaluate baseline data from US National Health Information Survey from 1998 through 2004 linked to mortality data reporting deaths through 2006. The primary outcome variable was kidney cancer-specific mortality and primary exposure variables were self-reported physical activity and body mass index (BMI). We utilized multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models, with delayed entry to account for age at survey interview...
November 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234245/are-political-views-related-to-smoking-and-support-for-tobacco-control-policies-a-survey-across-28-european-countries
#16
Filippos T Filippidis, Charis Girvalaki, Enkeleint-Aggelos Mechili, Constantine I Vardavas
Background: General political views are rarely considered when discussing public support for tobacco control policies and tobacco use. The aim of this study was to explore potential associations between political views, smoking and support for tobacco control policies. Methods: We analysed responses from 22,313 individuals aged ≥15 years from 28 European Union (EU) member states, who self-reported their political views (far-left [1-2 on a scale 1-10]; centre-left (3-4); centre (5-6); centre-right (7-8); and far-right (9-10) in wave 82...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234065/volatile-and-bioactive-compounds-in-opercula-from-muricidae-molluscs-supports-their-use-in-ceremonial-incense-and-traditional-medicines
#17
Bijayalakshmi Devi Nongmaithem, Peter Mouatt, Joshua Smith, David Rudd, Michael Russell, Caroline Sullivan, Kirsten Benkendorff
Muricidae molluscs are the source of a valuable purple dye that was traded as a luxury item in the Mediterranean region and by the late Byzantine was reserved for royalty and priests. Less well known is the use of muricid opercula in sacred incense and traditional medicines, although they are still used as rare ingredients today. This study provides the first chemical assessment of opercula from Muricidae, based on several traditional preparation procedures. Chemical analysis of opercula smoke revealed aromatic phenols, which act as fragrance stabilisers and produce a "medicinal" odour...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233992/global-unleashing-of-transcription-elongation-waves-in-response-to-genotoxic-stress-restricts-somatic-mutation-rate
#18
Matthieu D Lavigne, Dimitris Konstantopoulos, Katerina Z Ntakou-Zamplara, Anastasios Liakos, Maria Fousteri
Complex molecular responses preserve gene expression accuracy and genome integrity in the face of environmental perturbations. Here we report that, in response to UV irradiation, RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) molecules are dynamically and synchronously released from promoter-proximal regions into elongation to promote uniform and accelerated surveillance of the whole transcribed genome. The maximised influx of de novo released RNAPII correlates with increased damage-sensing, as confirmed by RNAPII progressive accumulation at dipyrimidine sites and by the average slow-down of elongation rates in gene bodies...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233950/should-lifestyles-be-a-criterion-for-healthcare-rationing-evidence-from-a-portuguese-survey
#19
Ana Pinto Borges, Micaela Pinho
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether different personal responsibilities should influence the allocation healthcare resources and whether attitudes toward the penalization of risk behaviours vary among individual's sociodemographic characteristics and health related habits. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We developed an online survey and made it available on various social networks for six months, during 2015. The sample covered the population aged 18 yr and older living in Portugal and we got 296 valid answers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233937/provider-perspectives-on-use-of-medical-marijuana-in-children-with-cancer
#20
Prasanna Ananth, Clement Ma, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Leah Kroon, Victoria Klein, Claire Wharton, Elise Hallez, Ilana Braun, Kelly Michelson, Abby R Rosenberg, Wendy London, Joanne Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Although medical marijuana (MM) may have utility in the supportive care of children with serious illness, it remains controversial. We investigated interdisciplinary provider perspectives on legal MM use in children with cancer. METHODS: We sent a 32-item, cross-sectional survey to 654 pediatric oncology providers in Illinois, Massachusetts, and Washington characterizing MM practices, knowledge, attitudes, and barriers. Forty-eight percent responded; 44% (n = 288) were included in analyses...
December 12, 2017: Pediatrics
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