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Neuroimmunology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542592/fatigue-in-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life
#1
Jin Myoung Seok, Misong Choi, Eun Bin Cho, Hye Lim Lee, Byoung Joon Kim, Kwang Ho Lee, Pamela Song, Eun Yeon Joo, Ju-Hong Min
Fatigue is a prevalent symptom and major burden in neuroimmunological diseases. In neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), a severe autoimmune central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory disease with autoantibodies reactive to aquaporin-4, there are few reports about fatigue and quality of life (QOL). We aimed to evaluate the severity of fatigue and its relationship with QOL in patients with NMOSD. We prospectively studied patients with NMOSD who were in remission and seropositive for anti-aquaporin-4 antibody, and they were divided into 2 groups based on the presence of fatigue assessed using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-fatigue score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529069/cholinergic-modulation-of-the-immune-system-presents-new-approaches-for-treating-inflammation
#2
REVIEW
Donald B Hoover
The nervous system and immune system have broad and overlapping distributions in the body, and interactions of these ubiquitous systems are central to the field of neuroimmunology. Over the past two decades, there has been explosive growth in our understanding of neuroanatomical, cellular, and molecular mechanisms that mediate central modulation of immune functions through the autonomic nervous system. A major catalyst for growth in this field was the discovery that vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) caused a prominent attenuation of the systemic inflammatory response evoked by endotoxin in experimental animals...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504258/neuroimmunology-macrophages-help-you-burn-energy
#3
Lucy Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475458/mda5-associated-neuroinflammation-and-the-singleton-merten-syndrome-two-faces-of-the-same-type-i-interferonopathy-spectrum
#4
Insa Buers, Gillian I Rice, Yanick J Crow, Frank Rutsch
In 1973, Singleton and Merten described a new syndrome in 2 female probands with aortic and cardiac valve calcifications, early loss of secondary dentition, and widened medullary cavities of the phalanges. In 1984, Aicardi and Goutières defined a phenotype resembling congenital viral infection with basal ganglia calcification and increased protein content in the cerebrospinal fluid. Between 2006 and 2012, mutations in 6 different genes were described to be associated with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome, specifically-TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, ADAR, and SAMHD1...
May 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443641/neuroimmunology-immune-signals-packaged-in-the-brain
#5
Lucy Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439527/precision-in-neuroimmunology
#6
EDITORIAL
Josep Dalmau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421534/immune-alterations-in-cd8-t-cells-are-associated-with-neuronal-c-c-and-c-x-c-chemokine-receptor-regulation-through-adenosine-a2a-receptor-signaling-in-a-btbr-t-itpr3-tf-j-autistic-mouse-model
#7
Sheikh F Ahmad, Mushtaq A Ansari, Ahmed Nadeem, Saleh A Bakheet, Raish Mohammad, Sabry M Attia
Associative studies on a range of neurodevelopmental disorders have identified relationships between behavioral deficits and immune system function. The BTBR T(+) Itpr3(tf)/J (BTBR) mouse strain displays aberrant characteristics in its social behavior and immune responses, providing a significant opportunity to examine the relationship between behavior and the immune system. This study investigated the influence of adenosine A2A receptor activity on C-C and C-X-C chemokine receptors involved in autism in the BTBR mouse model...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359764/neuroimmunological-response-in-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-s
#8
Alexis Alejandro Garcia-Rivero, Javier Gonzalez-Argote, José Pedro Martínez Larrarte, Ivonne Margarita Iglesias González, Alberto Juan Dorta-Contreras
Behçet's disease is a chronic, multisystem, autoimmune vasculitis characterized by a triad of key signs. We report the case of a 16-year-old Caucasian girl, who complained of headache, dizziness and paresis of the left side of her body. After physical examination and ancillary tests, she was diagnosed with Behçet's disease with neurological manifestations (neuro-Behçet's disease). She had a good response to treatment. IgG, IgA, IgM and albumin were quantified in serum and cerebrospinal fluid by single radial immunodiffusion...
March 27, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288328/case-control-exploratory-study-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-chemokines-cytokines-and-lymphocyte-subsets-in-childhood-tourette-syndrome-with-positive-streptococcal-markers
#9
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate, Tyler J Allison
A longstanding question is whether neuroinflammation is present in children symptomatic for Tourette syndrome (TS) with positive streptococcal serology and throat cultures. The objective was to directly test for it using modern hypothesis-driven approaches. Profiling studies for 14 immune cell types (flow cytometry), 7 chemokines/cytokines (ELISA), oligoclonal bands, and other immunoglobulins were performed in this IRB-approved study of 5 children with TS and streptococcal markers compared to data from 26 non-inflammatory pediatric neurological controls...
March 10, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286321/synaptic-proteome-changes-in-the-hypothalamus-of-mother-rats
#10
Edina Brigitta Udvari, Katalin Völgyi, Péter Gulyássy, Diána Dimén, Viktor Kis, János Barna, Éva Rebeka Szabó, Gert Lubec, Gábor Juhász, Katalin Adrienna Kékesi, Árpád Dobolyi
To establish synaptic proteome changes associated with motherhood, we isolated synaptosome fractions from the hypothalamus of mother rats and non-maternal control females at the 11th postpartum day. Proteomic analysis by two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis combined with mass spectrometric protein identification established 26 significant proteins, 7 increasing and 19 decreasing protein levels in the dams. The altered proteins are mainly involved in energy homeostasis, protein folding, and metabolic processes suggesting the involvement of these cellular processes in maternal adaptations...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243937/zika-virus-an-emerging-flavivirus
#11
REVIEW
Sang-Im Yun, Young-Min Lee
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a previously little-known flavivirus closely related to Japanese encephalitis, West Nile, dengue, and yellow fever viruses, all of which are primarily transmitted by blood-sucking mosquitoes. Since its discovery in Uganda in 1947, ZIKV has continued to expand its geographic range, from equatorial Africa and Asia to the Pacific Islands, then further afield to South and Central America and the Caribbean. Currently, ZIKV is actively circulating not only in much of Latin America and its neighbors but also in parts of the Pacific Islands and Southeast Asia...
March 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195192/ng2-glial-cells-regulate-neuroimmunological-responses-to-maintain-neuronal-function-and-survival
#12
Masayuki Nakano, Yasuhisa Tamura, Masanori Yamato, Satoshi Kume, Asami Eguchi, Kumi Takata, Yasuyoshi Watanabe, Yosky Kataoka
NG2-expressing neural progenitor cells (i.e., NG2 glial cells) maintain their proliferative and migratory activities even in the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS) and produce myelinating oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. Although NG2 glial cells have been observed in close proximity to neuronal cell bodies in order to receive synaptic inputs, substantive non-proliferative roles of NG2 glial cells in the adult CNS remain unclear. In the present study, we generated NG2-HSVtk transgenic rats and selectively ablated NG2 glial cells in the adult CNS...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186177/the-far-reaching-scope-of-neuroinflammation-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
REVIEW
Dennis W Simon, Mandy J McGeachy, Hülya Bayır, Robert S B Clark, David J Loane, Patrick M Kochanek
The 'silent epidemic' of traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been placed in the spotlight as a result of clinical investigations and popular press coverage of athletes and veterans with single or repetitive head injuries. Neuroinflammation can cause acute secondary injury after TBI, and has been linked to chronic neurodegenerative diseases; however, anti-inflammatory agents have failed to improve TBI outcomes in clinical trials. In this Review, we therefore propose a new framework of targeted immunomodulation after TBI for future exploration...
March 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167648/natalizumab-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-in-point-for-the-impact-of-translational-neuroimmunology
#14
Afsaneh Shirani, Olaf Stüve
Advances in translational neuroimmunology over the last two decades have revolutionized the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. A pathological hallmark of multiple sclerosis is the presence of leukocytes in the areas of disease activity in the CNS. Natalizumab inhibits the trafficking of lymphocytes from the blood into the brain and spinal cord by blocking the adhesion molecule α4-integrin. Representing the enormous success of a molecular targeted approach, natalizumab was the first mAb approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155893/neuroimmunology-microglia-induced-reactive-astrocytes-toxic-players-in-neurological-disease
#15
Charlotte Ridler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122768/aggressive-traits-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-control-study
#16
Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Luana Caramillo Going, Amanda M Lourido, Leticia V Berlim, Marcia B A Egas, Mariani R Souza
OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neuroimmunological disease that mainly affects young adults and leads to neurological disabilities. Depression, anxiety, cognitive dysfunction, and other psychiatric conditions have often been reported in patients with MS. Other, subtler aspects of psychosocial conditions in MS have been studied, but there is a paucity of papers on the subject. Remarkable degrees of aggression have been described in up to a quarter of patients with MS, but few studies have targeted this outcome in the psychopathological assessment on patients...
February 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099564/guideline-for-multiple-sclerosis-treatment-in-brazil-consensus-from-the-neuroimmunology-scientific-department-of-the-brazilian-academy-of-neurology
#17
Elizabeth Regina Comini-Frota, Cláudia C F Vasconcelos, Maria Fernanda Mendes
Multiple sclerosis has become an ever-increasing challenge to neurologists. With the release of the latest medications on the market, Brazilian neurologists feel divided between following their patients' evolution in accordance with the strict rules established by the Brazilian Ministry of Health regarding drug distribution, or following disease progression and worsening in accordance with the evidence in the literature. Therefore, a systematic review of the main published treatment guidelines was conducted and an escalating therapy proposed for guiding multiple sclerosis patient treatment in Brazil...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092989/therapeutic-complement-inhibition-a-promising-approach-for-treatment-of-neuroimmunological-diseases
#18
Kjara S Pilch, Peter J Spaeth, Nobuhiro Yuki, Benjamin R Wakerley
Autoimmunity is an important cause of disease both in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Aetiologies and clinical manifestations are complex and heterogeneous. Inappropriate control of complement activation at inappropriate sites has been recognized as a major determinant in several neurological conditions, including Guillain-Barré syndrome and neuromyelitis optica. In each case pathogenesis is thought to be associated with generation of autoantibodies which upon binding guide activation of the complement system to self-tissue...
June 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057525/lipopolysaccharide-administration-induces-sex-dependent-behavioural-and-serotonergic-neurochemical-signatures-in-mice
#19
Jonathon Sens, Eric Schneider, Joseph Mauch, Anna Schaffstein, Sara Mohamed, Kathryn Fasoli, Joseph Saurine, Aikaterini Britzolaki, Connor Thelen, Pothitos M Pitychoutis
Challenging the innate immune machinery with the pro-inflammatory agent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) results in the development of a sickness syndrome characterized by numerous depressive-like behavioural and physiological manifestations, most of which overlap with the clinical symptoms of major depression. Although women are known to mount stronger pro-inflammatory responses during infections and being at higher risk to develop depressive disorders compared to men, the vast majority of experimental studies investigating the neurobiological effects of LPS administration have been conducted in males...
February 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017232/stiff-person-syndrome-masquerading-as-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Joseph J Sabatino, Scott D Newsome
BACKGROUND: Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neuroimmunological disorder presenting with a wide variety of signs and symptoms that mimic neuro-inflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), thus delaying diagnosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of over 100 patients with SPS who were treated at Johns Hopkins Hospital and identified five patients previously diagnosed with MS. RESULTS: Patients were female with a mean age of 53years old (range 43-64)...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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