keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuroimmunology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099564/guideline-for-multiple-sclerosis-treatment-in-brazil-consensus-from-the-neuroimmunology-scientific-department-of-the-brazilian-academy-of-neurology
#1
Elizabeth Regina Comini-Frota, Cláudia C F Vasconcelos, Maria Fernanda Mendes
Multiple sclerosis has become an ever-increasing challenge to neurologists. With the release of the latest medications on the market, Brazilian neurologists feel divided between following their patients' evolution in accordance with the strict rules established by the Brazilian Ministry of Health regarding drug distribution, or following disease progression and worsening in accordance with the evidence in the literature. Therefore, a systematic review of the main published treatment guidelines was conducted and an escalating therapy proposed for guiding multiple sclerosis patient treatment in Brazil...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092989/therapeutic-complement-inhibition-a-promising-approach-for-treatment-of-neuroimmunological-diseases
#2
Kjara S Pilch, Peter Spaeth, Yuki Nobuhiro, Benjamin R Wakerley
Autoimmunity is an important cause of disease both in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Aetiologies and clinical manifestations are complex and heterogeneous. Inappropriate control of complement activation at inappropriate sites has been recognized as a major determinant in several neurological conditions, including Guillain-Barré syndrome and neuromyelitis optica. In each case pathogenesis is thought to be associated with generation of autoantibodies which upon binding guide activation of the complement system to self-tissue...
January 17, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057525/lipopolysaccharide-administration-induces-sex-dependent-behavioural-and-serotonergic-neurochemical-signatures-in-mice
#3
Jonathon Sens, Eric Schneider, Joseph Mauch, Anna Schaffstein, Sara Mohamed, Kathryn Fasoli, Joseph Saurine, Aikaterini Britzolaki, Connor Thelen, Pothitos M Pitychoutis
Challenging the innate immune machinery with the pro-inflammatory agent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) results in the development of a sickness syndrome characterized by numerous depressive-like behavioural and physiological manifestations, most of which overlap with the clinical symptoms of major depression. Although women are known to mount stronger pro-inflammatory responses during infections and being at higher risk to develop depressive disorders compared to men, the vast majority of experimental studies investigating the neurobiological effects of LPS administration have been conducted in males...
January 3, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017232/stiff-person-syndrome-masquerading-as-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Joseph J Sabatino, Scott D Newsome
BACKGROUND: Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neuroimmunological disorder presenting with a wide variety of signs and symptoms that mimic neuro-inflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), thus delaying diagnosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of over 100 patients with SPS who were treated at Johns Hopkins Hospital and identified five patients previously diagnosed with MS. RESULTS: Patients were female with a mean age of 53years old (range 43-64)...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009015/neuroimmunology-could-antibodies-cause-psychosis
#5
Ian Fyfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004339/bace1-deficient-mice-exhibit-alterations-in-immune-system-pathways
#6
L Stertz, V Contreras-Shannon, N Monroy-Jaramillo, J Sun, C Walss-Bass
BACE1 encodes for the beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 or β-secretase. Genetic deletion of Bace1 leads to behavioral alterations and affects midbrain dopaminergic signaling and memory processes. In order to further understand the role of BACE1 in brain function and behavior, we performed microarray transcriptome profiling and gene pathway analysis in the hippocampus of BACE1-deficient mice compared to wild type. We identified a total of 91 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), mostly enriched in pathways related to the immune and inflammation systems, particularly IL-9 and NF-κB activation pathways...
December 21, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989332/neuropathic-and-myopathic-pain
#7
REVIEW
Anthony C Rodrigues, Peter B Kang
The evaluation and management of childhood pain syndromes of neuromuscular origin have distinct challenges, as the patterns of disease presentation and the ability of a child to describe symptoms may differ from that of an adult. Advances in scientific and clinical knowledge are leading to significant progress in the care of affected children. The genetic origins of Fabry disease and the inherited form of erythromelalgia are better understood. The increasing interest in neuroimmunology among pediatric neurologists has led to more sophisticated diagnostic and therapeutic approaches...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981385/-preclinical-safety-evaluation-of-chloral-hydrate-after-topical-application%C3%A2-using-the-example-of-psoriatic-itch
#8
J Wohlrab, F Gilbrich, L Wolff, M Fischer, S Philipp
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is known today as a T‑cell-mediated autoimmunological systemic disease. The chronic inflammatory processes involve neuroimmunological factors that are held responsible not only for various aspects of psychiatric-neurological comorbidities but also for neurosensory problems, primarily itching. Amongst other things, the significance of GABAA receptors are often discussed in this context. The topical use of chloral hydrate in semisolid preparations for antipruritic therapy goes back to Neisser and is currently experiencing a revival in individually manufactured formulations...
December 15, 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870450/the-immune-system-as-a-novel-regulator-of-sex-differences-in-brain-and-behavioral-development
#9
REVIEW
Lars H Nelson, Kathryn M Lenz
Sexual differentiation of the brain occurs early in life as a result of sex-typical hormone action and sex chromosome effects. Immunocompetent cells are being recognized as underappreciated regulators of sex differences in brain and behavioral development, including microglia, astrocytes, and possibly other less well studied cell types, including T cells and mast cells. Immunocompetent cells in the brain are responsive to steroid hormones, but their role in sex-specific brain development is an emerging field of interest...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776957/neuroimmunological-interactions-in-stroke
#10
M A Sotomayor-Sobrino, A Ochoa-Aguilar, L A Méndez-Cuesta, C Gómez-Acevedo
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the world; its incidence is increasing due to increased life expectancy. However, treatment options for these patients are limited since no clinically effective drugs have been developed to date. DEVELOPMENT: According to clinical evidence, a number of neurochemical changes take place after stroke, including energy depletion, increased free radical synthesis, calcium accumulation, neurotransmitter imbalance, excitotoxicity, and, at a later stage, immune system activation leading to inflammation...
October 21, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774643/prothrombin-and-factor-x-are-elevated-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#11
Kerstin Göbel, Peter Kraft, Susann Pankratz, Catharina C Gross, Catharina Korsukewitz, Robert Kwiecien, Rolf Mesters, Beate E Kehrel, Heinz Wiendl, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Sven G Meuth
Animal models have implicated an integral role for coagulation factors in neuroinflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) beyond their role in hemostasis. However, their relevance in humans requires further elucidation. This study aimed to determine whether levels of coagulation factors differ between patients with neuroimmunological disorders and respective controls. Individuals suffering from relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive MS had significantly higher prothrombin and factor X levels than healthy donors, whereas levels were unchanged in primary progressive MS and neuromyelitis optica patients...
December 2016: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764517/effect-of-recombinant-lactococcus-lactis-producing-myelin-peptides-on-neuroimmunological-changes-in-rats-with-experimental-allergic-encephalomyelitis
#12
K Kasarełło, A Szczepankowska, B Kwiatkowska-Patzer, A W Lipkowski, R Gadamski, D Sulejczak, M Łachwa, M Biały, J Bardowski
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a human autoimmune neurodegenerative disease with an unknown etiology. Despite various therapies, there is no effective cure for MS. Since the mechanism of the disease is based on autoreactive T-cell responses directed against myelin antigens, oral tolerance is a promising approach for the MS treatment. Here, the experiments were performed to assess the impact of oral administration of recombinant Lactococcus lactis producing encephalogenic fragments of three myelin proteins: myelin basic protein, proteolipid protein, and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein, on neuroimmunological changes in rats with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) - an animal model of MS...
2016: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756892/targeting-immune-checkpoints-in-malignant-glioma
#13
Xuhao Zhang, Shan Zhu, Tete Li, Yong-Jun Liu, Wei Chen, Jingtao Chen
Malignant glioma is the most common and a highly aggressive cancer in the central nervous system (CNS). Cancer immunotherapy, strategies to boost the body's anti-cancer immune responses instead of directly targeting tumor cells, recently achieved great success in treating several human solid tumors. Although once considered "immune privileged" and devoid of normal immunological functions, CNS is now considered a promising target for cancer immunotherapy, featuring the recent progresses in neurobiology and neuroimmunology and a highly immunosuppressive state in malignant glioma...
October 16, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754761/a-novel-pink1-and-park2-dependent-protective-neuroimmune-pathway-in-lethal-sepsis
#14
Rui Kang, Ling Zeng, Yangchun Xie, Zhengwen Yan, Borong Zhou, Lizhi Cao, Daniel J Klionsky, Kevin J Tracey, Jianhua Li, Haichao Wang, Timothy R Billiar, Jianxin Jiang, Daolin Tang
Although the PINK1-PARK2 pathway contributes to the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease, its roles in sepsis (a major challenge for critical care) were previously unknown. Here, we show that pink1(-/-) and park2(-/-) mice are more sensitive to polymicrobial sepsis-induced multiple organ failure and death. The decrease in the circulating level of the neurotransmitter dopamine in pink1(-/-) and park2(-/-) mice accelerates the release of a late sepsis mediator, HMGB1, via HIF1A-dependent anaerobic glycolysis and subsequent NLRP3-dependent inflammasome activation...
December 2016: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752070/neuroimmunology-waking-the-immune-system
#15
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739537/neuroimmunology-new-approach-allows-derivation-of-microglia-like-cells-in-vitro
#16
Ian Fyfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734166/the-emergence-of-neuroepidemiology-neurovirology-and-neuroimmunology-the-legacies-of-john-f-kurtzke-and-richard-dick-t-johnson
#17
Eric J Kildebeck, Ram Narayan, Avindra Nath, Howard Weiner, Shin Beh, Peter A Calabresi, Lawrence Steinman, Eugene O Major, Teresa C Frohman, Elliot M Frohman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716662/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-its-receptors-in-alzheimer-s-disease-ad-brain-regions-differential-findings-in-ad-with-and-without-depression
#18
Doortje W Dekens, Petrus J W Naudé, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Yannick Vermeiren, Debby Van Dam, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Ulrich L M Eisel, Peter P De Deyn
Co-existing depression worsens Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a newly identified (neuro)inflammatory mediator in the pathophysiologies of both AD and depression. This study aimed to compare NGAL levels in healthy controls, AD without depression (AD-D), and AD with co-existing depression (AD+D) patients. Protein levels of NGAL and its receptors, 24p3R and megalin, were assessed in nine brain regions from healthy controls (n = 19), AD-D (n = 19), and AD+D (n = 21) patients...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705091/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-associated-with-zika-virus-infection-in-colombia
#19
Beatriz Parra, Jairo Lizarazo, Jorge A Jiménez-Arango, Andrés F Zea-Vera, Guillermo González-Manrique, José Vargas, Jorge A Angarita, Gonzalo Zuñiga, Reydmar Lopez-Gonzalez, Cindy L Beltran, Karen H Rizcala, Maria T Morales, Oscar Pacheco, Martha L Ospina, Anupama Kumar, David R Cornblath, Laura S Muñoz, Lyda Osorio, Paula Barreras, Carlos A Pardo
Background Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been linked to the Guillain-Barré syndrome. From November 2015 through March 2016, clusters of cases of the Guillain-Barré syndrome were observed during the outbreak of ZIKV infection in Colombia. We characterized the clinical features of cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome in the context of this ZIKV infection outbreak and investigated their relationship with ZIKV infection. Methods A total of 68 patients with the Guillain-Barré syndrome at six Colombian hospitals were evaluated clinically, and virologic studies were completed for 42 of the patients...
October 20, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692358/stiff-person-syndrome-masquerading-as-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Ashish Sharma, Myat Han Soe, Jagdeep Singh, Scott D Newsome
Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neuroimmunological disorder characterized by severe progressive muscle stiffness in axial and lower extremity musculature with superimposed painful muscle spasms. Although chest pain is a common reason for SPS patients presenting to the emergency room, this disorder is overlooked and not part of the differential diagnosis of chest pain. Herein, we report on a middle age male presenting with classic symptoms of SPS; however, due to the rarity of this disease, he was initially thought to have acute coronary syndrome...
2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
keyword
keyword
1394
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"