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Neuroimmunology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920589/neuroimmunology-jak-in-the-itch
#1
Yvonne Bordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910616/neuroimmunology-of-traumatic-brain-injury-time-for-a-paradigm-shift
#2
REVIEW
Yasir N Jassam, Saef Izzy, Michael Whalen, Dorian B McGavern, Joseph El Khoury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and disability, with a considerable socioeconomic burden. Heterogeneity of pathoanatomical subtypes and diversity in the pathogenesis and extent of injury contribute to differences in the course and outcome of TBI. Following the primary injury, extensive and lasting damage is sustained through a complex cascade of events referred to as "secondary injury." Neuroinflammation is proposed as an important manipulable aspect of secondary injury in animal and human studies...
September 13, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901404/effects-of-anticholinergic-agent-on-mirna-profiles-and-transcriptomes-in-a-murine-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#3
Minghua Hou, Wei Li, Zuozhong Xie, Jingang Ai, Bo Sun, Guolin Tan
Anticholinergic agent, ipratropium bromide (IB) ameliorates symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) using neuroimmunologic mechanisms. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains largely unclear. In the present study, 27 mice with AR induced by ovalbumin were randomly allocated to one of three groups: Model group, model group with IB treatment for 2 weeks, and model group with IB treatment for 4 weeks. Allergic symptoms were evaluated according to symptoms scores. Differentially expressed genes [microRNAs (miRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs)] of nasal mucosa were identified by microarray analysis...
August 31, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890837/why-it-is-not-always-anxiety-a-tough-diagnosis-of-stiff-person-syndrome
#4
Carmen Elena Cervantes, Hsien Lee Lau, Tina Ataian Binazir, Keith O O'Brien, Jonathan S Cross
Anxiety disorder is a commonly used diagnosis that may mask underlying conditions. Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neuroimmunological disorder characterized by progressive rigidity and painful muscle spasms affecting axial and lower extremity musculature. These episodes can be triggered by sudden movement, noise, or emotional stress, which may present as a psychiatric condition. We report the case of a 30-year-old female who presented with recurrent panic attacks with multiple prior hospital admissions for anxiety, rigidity, and difficulty in walking...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886954/a-systematic-checklist-approach-to-immunosuppression-risk-management-an-audit-of-practice-at-two-clinical-neuroimmunology-centers
#5
Amelia M Mori, Smriti Agarwal, Monique W M Lee, Martina Rafferty, Todd A Hardy, Alasdair Coles, Stephen W Reddel, D Sean Riminton
There is no consensus approach to safety screening for immune intervention in clinical neuroimmunology. An immunosuppression risk evaluation checklist was used as an audit tool to assess real-world immunosuppression risk management and formulate recommendations for quality improvements in patient safety. Ninety-nine patients from two centres with 27 non-MS diagnoses were included. An average of 1.9 comorbidities with the potential to adversely impact morbidity and mortality associated with immunosuppression were identified...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776600/neuroimmunology-new-targets-in-neuropsychiatric-lupus
#6
Ian Fyfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761261/presence-of-mast-cells-and-mast-cell-degranulation-in-scalp-biopsies-of-telogen-effluvium
#7
Shane A Grace, Angela M Sutton, Nina Abraham, Eric S Armbrecht, Claudia I Vidal
BACKGROUND: Telogen effluvium (TE) is a type of acquired, diffuse alopecia that occurs due to an abnormal shift of scalp hair follicles from anagen to telogen, leading to premature shedding of hair. Previous studies have suggested the existence of a neuroimmunologic "brain-hair follicle" axis, in which mast cells have been implicated as an important link between the nervous system and immunologic system. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the role of mast cell presence and mast cell degranulation in the pathogenesis of TE...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748858/chinese-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-tumefactive-demyelinating-lesions-of-central-nervous-system
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726484/annals-express-experience-with-newer-central-nervous-system-autoantibodies
#9
Abid Karim, Saiju Jacob
In the last decade, a large number of neuronal cell-surface antibodies have been described which are responsible for a range of neuroimmunological central nervous system disorders. Unlike the paraneoplastic antibodies which target intracellular antigens, these antibodies appear to be pathogenic and hence identification and prompt treatment can make a substantial impact on clinical outcomes of these patients. We review the common antibodies against the ionotropic Glutamate receptors (NMDAR, AMPAR), metabotropic Glutamate receptors (mGluR1 and mGluR5), voltage gated potassium channel-complex proteins (LGI1, CASPR2), and other antibodies targeted against Glycine receptor, Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), Gamma Amino Butyric Acid B (GABAB), Dopamine-2-receptor (D2R) and Dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein 6 (DPPX)...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680162/neuroimmunology-mistaken-identity
#10
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651977/dexamethasone-intravenous-immunoglobulin-and-rituximab-combination-immunotherapy-for-pediatric-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome
#11
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate
BACKGROUND: Although pulse-dose dexamethasone is increasingly favored for treating pediatric opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS), and multimodal immunotherapy is associated with improved clinical response, there have been no neuroimmunologic studies of dexamethasone-based multimodal disease-modifying therapy. METHODS: In this observational retrospective study, 19 children with OMS (with or without associated neuroblastoma) underwent multibiomarker evaluation for neuroinflammation...
August 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638119/neuroimmunology-and-neuroepigenetics-in-the-establishment-of-sex-differences-in-the-brain
#12
REVIEW
Margaret M McCarthy, Bridget M Nugent, Kathryn M Lenz
The study of sex differences in the brain is a topic of neuroscientific study that has broad reaching implications for culture, society and biomedical science. Recent research in rodent models has led to dramatic shifts in our views of the mechanisms underlying the sexual differentiation of the brain. These include the surprising discoveries of a role for immune cells and inflammatory mediators in brain masculinization and a role for epigenetic suppression in brain feminization. How and to what degree these findings will translate to human brain development will be questions of central importance in future research in this field...
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638039/-headache-immunology
#13
A V Prishchepa, A B Danilov
The overview is dedicated to the neuroimmunological mechanisms of headache development and chronification. Based on the analyzed data, the authors determined the relationship between immunological parameters and duration, intensity and other characteristics of this disease. These findings confirm that immunocompetent cells can be used as headache biomarkers and predictors of treatment efficacy. Questions about the role of separate parts of the immune system in the development and maintenance of a headache require further research...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637489/synaptoimmunology-roles-in-health-and-disease
#14
REVIEW
Robert Nisticò, Eric Salter, Celine Nicolas, Marco Feligioni, Dalila Mango, Zuner A Bortolotto, Pierre Gressens, Graham L Collingridge, Stephane Peineau
Mounting evidence suggests that the nervous and immune systems are intricately linked. Many proteins first identified in the immune system have since been detected at synapses, playing different roles in normal and pathological situations. In addition, novel immunological functions are emerging for proteins typically expressed at synapses. Under normal conditions, release of inflammatory mediators generally represents an adaptive and regulated response of the brain to immune signals. On the other hand, when immune challenge becomes prolonged and/or uncontrolled, the consequent inflammatory response leads to maladaptive synaptic plasticity and brain disorders...
June 20, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632692/improved-123i-ioflupane-binding-after-immunotherapy-in-anti-nae-antibody-positive-hashimoto-encephalopathy-that-clinically-mimicked-multiple-system-atrophy
#15
Juuri Otsuka, Ayumi Hida, Kamiyu Ogyu, Ryogo Minamimoto, Sousuke Takeuchi
We describe an 84-year-old man with anti-NH2-terminal of α-enolase antibody-positive Hashimoto encephalopathy that clinically mimicked multiple system atrophy who underwent investigation by dopamine transporter SPECT before and after immunotherapy. Before treatment, dopamine transporter SPECT showed reduced striatal I-ioflupane binding, with a mean specific binding ratio of 2.42, even though he had no apparent parkinsonism. After immunotherapy, mean specific binding ratio was improved to 3.22. Dopamine transporter SPECT was useful in this case to detect subclinical striatal dysfunction, and evaluation both before and after immunotherapy helped to distinguish between neurodegenerative disease and neuroimmunological disorder...
August 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621767/neuroimmunology-complement-is-no-bystander-in-cns-degeneration
#16
Ian Fyfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621764/neuroimmunology-b-cells-and-variant-baff-in-autoimmune-disease
#17
Manuel Comabella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615541/self-reported-occupational-noise-may-be-associated-with-prevalent-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-us-general-population
#18
Angel M Dzhambov, Donka D Dimitrova
INTRODUCTION: Occupational noise exposure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common in the United States, but so far their association has not been explored. Given the neuroimmunological effects of noise, such an association seems plausible. Thus, the present study aimed to explore the association of occupational noise exposure with prevalent COPD in the US general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the population-based National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2014...
May 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603460/cultivating-the-multiple-sclerosis-workforce-of-the-future
#19
Gabriele C DeLuca, Guy Buckle, Irene Cortese, Jennifer S Graves, June Halper, Scott D Newsome, Nancy Sicotte, Corey C Ford
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex neurologic disorder that affects people with ever-changing needs. The MS health-care field has entered an era of exponential knowledge growth in which better understanding of the immunologic dysregulation of the disease has translated into an expanding array of treatment options. It is estimated that, if it has not already, within the next decade the demands of a growing MS patient population will outstrip the number of professionals dedicated to the management of this chronic, lifelong disease...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588765/evidence-of-disease-control-a-realistic-concept-beyond-neda-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Ana C Londoño, Carlos A Mora
Although no evidence of disease activity (NEDA) permits evaluation of response to treatment in the systematic follow-up of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), its ability to accomplish detection of surreptitious activity of disease is limited, thus being unable to prevent patients from falling into a non-reversible progressive phase of disease. A protocol of evaluation based on the use of validated biomarkers that is conducted at an early stage of disease would permit the capture of abnormal neuroimmunological phenomena and lead towards intervention with modifying therapy before tissue damage has been reached...
2017: F1000Research
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