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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150384/the-effect-of-sensory-motor-training-on-hand-and-upper-extremity-sensory-and-motor-function-in-patients-with-idiopathic-parkinson-disease
#1
Ghorban Taghizadeh, Akram Azad, Sepiede Kashefi, Soheila Fallah, Fatemeh Daneshjoo
STUDY DESIGN: Blinded randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have sensory problems, but there is still no accurate understanding of the effects of sensory-motor interventions on PD. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of sensory-motor training (SMT) on hand and upper extremity sensory and motor function in patients with PD. METHODS: Forty patients with PD were allocated to the SMT group or the control group (CG) (mean ages ± standard deviation: SMT, 61...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150296/structural-mri-based-measures-of-neuroplasticity-in-an-extended-amygdala-network-as-a-target-for-attention-bias-modification-treatment-outcome
#2
Jacob Aday, Joshua M Carlson
Increased attentional bias to threat has been identified as a causal mechanism in the development of anxiety. As such, attention bias modification (ABM) was conceived as a treatment option where anxiety is alleviated through a computerized cognitive training regimen that reduces an individual's attentional bias to threat. Although ABM appears to be a promising treatment option for anxiety, the mechanism of action by which the treatment is effective is unknown. We hypothesize that effective ABM treatment is associated with neuroplasticity-related structural changes in an extended amygdala - prefrontal cortex network that can be detected with standard T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149315/a-cross-sectional-study-of-malaria-endemicity-and-health-system-readiness-to-deliver-services-in-kenya-namibia-and-senegal
#3
Elizabeth H Lee, Cara H Olsen, Tracey Koehlmoos, Penny Masuoka, Ann Stewart, Jason W Bennett, James Mancuso
Despite good progress towards elimination, malaria continues to contribute substantially to the sub-Saharan African disease burden. Sustaining previous gains requires continued readiness to deliver malaria services in response to actual disease burden, which in turn contributes to health systems strengthening. This study investigates a health system innovation. We examined whether malaria prevalence, or endemicity, is a driver of health facility readiness to deliver malaria services. To estimate this association, we geo-linked cross-sectional facility survey data to endemicity data for Kenya, Namibia and Senegal...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149038/adherence-to-hunger-training-over-6-months-and-the-effect-on-weight-and-eating-behaviour-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Michelle R Jospe, Rachael W Taylor, Josie Athens, Melyssa Roy, Rachel C Brown
Monitoring blood glucose prior to eating can teach individuals to eat only when truly hungry, but how adherence to 'hunger training' influences weight loss and eating behaviour is uncertain. This exploratory, secondary analysis from a larger randomized controlled trial examined five indices of adherence to 'hunger training', chosen a priori, to examine which adherence measure best predicted weight loss over 6 months. We subsequently explored how the best measure of adherence influenced eating behavior in terms of intuitive and emotional eating...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148957/aerobic-exercise-training-performed-by-parents-reduces-mice-offspring-adiposity
#5
Paulo Vitor da Silva Romero, Débora Alves Guariglia, Francielli Ferreira Da Rocha, Caroline de Carvalho Picoli, Gustavo Renan Gilio, Gabriel Sergio Fabricio, Paulo Cesar de Freitas Mathias, Solange Marta Franzói de Moraes, Sidney Barnabé Peres
The present study aimed to determine the effects of physical training performed by parents on mice offspring adiposity. Male and female parents underwent an aerobic training protocol for 7 weeks. The trained and sedentary parents were allowed to mate and the resultant offspring divided in: S (Offspring from Sedentary Parents), T (Offspring from Trained Parents), ST (Offspring from Sedentary Father and Trained Mother) and TS (Offspring from Trained Father and Sedentary Mother). After weaning, offspring was euthanized, blood collected and samples of mesenteric and inguinal fat pads used to isolate adipocytes for morphologic and histological analyses...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#6
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146412/skeletal-muscle-overexpression-of-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyl-transferase-in-mice-coupled-with-voluntary-exercise-augments-exercise-endurance
#7
Sheila R Costford, Bram Brouwers, Meghan E Hopf, Lauren M Sparks, Mauro Dispagna, Ana P Gomes, Heather H Cornnell, Chris Petucci, Peter Phelan, Hui Xie, Fanchao Yi, Glenn A Walter, Timothy F Osborne, David A Sinclair, Randall L Mynatt, Julio E Ayala, Stephen J Gardell, Steven R Smith
OBJECTIVE: Nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the salvage pathway that produces nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), an essential co-substrate regulating a myriad of signaling pathways. We produced a mouse that overexpressed NAMPT in skeletal muscle (NamptTg) and hypothesized that NamptTg mice would have increased oxidative capacity, endurance performance, and mitochondrial gene expression, and would be rescued from metabolic abnormalities that developed with high fat diet (HFD) feeding...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145822/ultrasonographic-parameters-of-the-liver-spleen-and-kidneys-among-a-cohort-of-school-children-in-sri-lanka
#8
Dianne Tania Dayanthi Warnakulasuriya, Pattiya Pathirennahalage Uddika Chamila Peries, Yaddehi Arachchillage Chaminda Rathnasekara, KaluArachchige Thushari Madurika Jayawardena, Angappulige Upasena, Anada Rajitha Wickremasinghe
BACKGROUND: Liver, spleen and kidney dimensions on ultrasonography vary with the age, weight and ethnicity. Reference standards of these parameters for normal Sri Lankan children are not available. Our aim was to establish normative data for longitudinal length of liver, spleen and kidneys in healthy children. METHOD: Three hundred fifty-seven children, 5-13 years of age were selected from two randomly selected schools in the Gampaha district in the western province of Sri Lanka...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143998/oxytocin-mediates-the-beneficial-effects-of-the-exercise-training-on-breast-cancer
#9
Ali Mohammad Alizadeh, Zahra Heydari, Mostafa Rahimi, Behzad Bazgir, Hossein Shirvani, Sadaf Alipour, Yassaman Heidarian, Solmaz Khalighfard, Amin Isanejad
Exercise training can affect the breast tumor growth. We hypothesized that exercise training may reduce breast tumor growth by inducing Oxytocin (OT) secretion and its related signaling pathways such as PI3K/AKT and ERK. Therefore fifty-six BALB/c mice were equally divided into seven groups to study the effects of OT and atosiban (an oxytocin receptor antagonist) together with the interval exercise training on breast tumor growth, as well as tumor related signaling pathways including PI3K/AKT and ERK. Animal weight, OT plasma level, tumor weight and volume measured at the end of study...
November 16, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142240/robust-segmentation-of-the-full-cerebral-vasculature-in-4d-ct-of-suspected-stroke-patients
#10
Midas Meijs, Ajay Patel, Sil C van de Leemput, Mathias Prokop, Ewoud J van Dijk, Frank-Erik de Leeuw, Frederick J A Meijer, Bram van Ginneken, Rashindra Manniesing
A robust method is presented for the segmentation of the full cerebral vasculature in 4-dimensional (4D) computed tomography (CT). The method consists of candidate vessel selection, feature extraction, random forest classification and postprocessing. Image features include among others the weighted temporal variance image and parameters, including entropy, of an intensity histogram in a local region at different scales. These histogram parameters revealed to be a strong feature in the detection of vessels regardless of shape and size...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141853/the-effects-of-resistance-exercise-on-biomarkers-of-breast-cancer-prognosis-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-randomized-trials
#11
Kerri Winters-Stone, Lisa J Wood, Sydnee Stoyles, Nathan Dieckmann
BACKGROUND: Using a secondary data analysis from randomized controlled trials comparing one year of resistance exercise (N=109) to a placebo control condition (N=106) in postmenopausal, post-treatment breast cancer survivors, we investigated the influence of resistance training and changes in body composition on markers associated with cancer progression. METHODS: Measures included serum levels of insulin, IGF-1, IGFBP1-3, leptin, serum amyloid A (SAA), adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8 and body composition (total, lean and fat mass in kg) by DXA at baseline, 6, and 12-months...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141624/incorporating-patient-partner-scores-into-high-stakes-assessment-an-observational-study-into-opinions-and-attitudes
#12
Fiona C Thomson, Rhoda K MacKenzie, Marie Anderson, Alan R Denison, Graeme P Currie
BACKGROUND: Volunteer patients (also known as patient partners (PPs)) play a vital role in undergraduate healthcare curricula. They frequently take part in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) and rate aspects of students' performance. However, the inclusion and weighting of PP marks varies, while attitudes and opinions regarding how (and if) they should contribute towards the pass/fail outcome are uncertain. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted to explore beliefs of PPs regarding inclusion of their scores in a high stakes undergraduate OSCE in a single UK medical school...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141363/-characteristics-of-high-resolution-diffusion-weighted-imaging-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-histogram-and-its-correlations-with-cancer-stages-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#13
G J Wang, Y Wang, Y Ye, F Chen, Y T Lu, S L Li
Objective: To investigate the features of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram parameters based on entire tumor volume data in high resolution diffusion weighted imaging of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and to evaluate its correlations with cancer stages. Methods: This retrospective study included 154 cases of NPC patients[102 males and 52 females, mean age (48±11) years]who had received readout segmentation of long variable echo trains of MRI scan before radiation therapy. The area of tumor was delineated on each section of axial ADC maps to generate ADC histogram by using Image J...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140911/effect-of-bench-press-load-knowledge-on-repetitions-rpe-and-attentional-focus
#14
Christina M Beaudoin, Zachary Cox, Tyler Dundore, Tayler Thomas, Johnathon Kim, Daniel Pillivant
Few studies have examined the role of the teleoanticipation during resistance training. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of bench press (BP) load knowledge on repetitions completed, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and attentional focus (%associative). Thirty-six recreationally active resistance trained men (n = 25) and women (n = 11) participated in this study (age= 20.97 + 1.87 yrs; ht 174.12 + 9.41 cm; mass 80.14 + 14.03 kg). All subjects completed three testing sessions: 1) One-repetition maximum (1RM) BP determination; 2) Submaximal BP repetitions to fatigue known load (KL); 3) Submaximal BP repetitions to fatigue unknown load (UL)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140909/the-effects-of-load-on-peak-power-output-fatigue-during-the-bench-throw
#15
David Boffey, Bulent Sokmen, Kurt Sollanek, Wanda Boda, Steven Winter
The ability to create power is an important variable for athletic success. No study to date has compared peak power output (PPO) fatigue across multiple sets and with different loads with the bench throw. This study aimed to begin the process of establishing empirical upper body power training guidelines for moderately strong athletes by determining how load (30%, 45%, 60% 1RM) affects PPO (Watts) dropoff during 3 sets of 10 repetitions of the bench throw. 10 resistance-trained male volunteers ((mean ± SD): age 20...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140584/the-association-between-female-genital-fistula-symptoms-and-gender-based-violence-a-multi-country-secondary-analysis-of-household-survey-data
#16
Lindsay Mallick, Vandana Tripathi
OBJECTIVE: The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula. This study sought to examine associations between self-reported fistula symptoms and experience of gender-based violence (GBV) among women interviewed in DHS surveys. METHODS: This study used data from thirteen DHS surveys with standardized fistula and domestic violence modules...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140467/genomic-prediction-in-a-nuclear-population-of-layers-using-single-step-models
#17
Yiyuan Yan, Guiqin Wu, Aiqiao Liu, Congjiao Sun, Wenpeng Han, Guangqi Li, Ning Yang
Single-step genomic prediction method has been proposed to improve the accuracy of genomic prediction by incorporating information of both genotyped and ungenotyped animals. The objective of this study is to compare the prediction performance of single-step model with a 2-step models and the pedigree-based models in a nuclear population of layers. A total of 1,344 chickens across 4 generations were genotyped by a 600 K SNP chip. Four traits were analyzed, i.e., body weight at 28 wk (BW28), egg weight at 28 wk (EW28), laying rate at 38 wk (LR38), and Haugh unit at 36 wk (HU36)...
November 11, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140157/case-study-body-composition-periodization-in-an-olympic-level-female-middle-distance-runner-over-a-9-year-career
#18
Trent Stellingwerff
This case-study features an Olympic-level female middle-distance runner implementing a science-based approach to body composition periodization. Data is emerging to suggest that it is not sustainable from a health and/or performance perspective to be at peak body composition year-round, so body composition needs to be strategically periodized. Anthropometric (n=44), hematological, other health measures and 1500m race performances (n=83) were periodically assessed throughout a 9-year career. General preparation phase (September to April) featured the athlete at ~2 to 4% over ideal competition phase body weight (BW) and body fat (%) with optimal energy availability being prioritized...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140148/the-reliability-of-individualized-load-velocity-profiles
#19
Harry G Banyard, K Nosaka, Alex D Vernon, G Gregory Haff
PURPOSE: This study examined the reliability of peak velocity (PV), mean propulsive velocity (MPV), and mean velocity (MV) in the development of load-velocity profiles (LVP) in the full depth free-weight back squat performed with maximal concentric effort. METHODS: Eighteen resistance-trained men performed a baseline one-repetition maximum (1RM) back squat trial and three subsequent 1RM trials used for reliability analyses, with 48-hours interval between trials...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138674/exercise-training-restores-cardiac-microrna-1-and-microrna-29c-to-nonpathological-levels-in-obese-rats
#20
André C Silveira, Tiago Fernandes, Úrsula P R Soci, João L P Gomes, Diego L Barretti, Glória G F Mota, Carlos Eduardo Negrão, Edilamar M Oliveira
We previously reported that aerobic exercise training (AET) consisted of 10 weeks of 60-min swimming sessions, and 5 days/week AET counteracts CH in obesity. Here, we evaluated the role of microRNAs and their target genes that are involved in heart collagen deposition and calcium signaling, as well as the cardiac remodeling induced by AET in obese Zucker rats. Among the four experimental Zucker groups: control lean rats (LZR), control obese rats (OZR), trained lean rats (LZR + TR), and trained obese rats (OZR + TR), heart weight was greater in the OZR than in the LZR group due to increased cardiac intramuscular fat and collagen...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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