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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793071/extracting-similar-terms-from-multiple-emr-based-semantic-embeddings-to-support-chart-reviews
#1
M S Cheng Ye, Daniel Fabbri
OBJECTIVE: Word embeddings project semantically similar terms into nearby points in a vector space. When trained on clinical text, these embeddings can be leveraged to improve keyword search and text highlighting. In this paper, we present methods to refine the selection process of similar terms from multiple EMR-based word embeddings, and evaluate their performance quantitatively and qualitatively across multiple chart review tasks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Word embeddings were trained on each clinical note type in an EMR...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792067/application-of-machine-learning-to-predict-dietary-lapses-during-weight-loss
#2
Stephanie P Goldstein, Fengqing Zhang, John G Thomas, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert, Evan M Forman
BACKGROUND: Individuals who adhere to dietary guidelines provided during weight loss interventions tend to be more successful with weight control. Any deviation from dietary guidelines can be referred to as a "lapse." There is a growing body of research showing that lapses are predictable using a variety of physiological, environmental, and psychological indicators. With recent technological advancements, it may be possible to assess these triggers and predict dietary lapses in real time...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791970/effect-of-high-intensity-resistance-circuit-based-training-in-hypoxia-on-aerobic-performance-and-repeat-sprint-ability
#3
Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Ismael Martínez-Guardado, Guillermo Olcina, Cristian Marín-Pagán, Francisco J Martínez-Noguera, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Pedro E Alcaraz, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
Recent acute studies have shown that high-intensity resistance circuit-based (HRC) training in hypoxia increases metabolic stress. However, no intervention studies have yet proven their effectiveness. This study aimed to analyse the effect of 8 weeks of HRC in hypoxia on aerobic performance, resting energy expenditure (REE), repeat sprint ability (RSA) and haematological variables. Twenty-eight subjects were assigned to hypoxia (FiO2 =15%; HRChyp : n=15; age: 24.6±6.8 years; height: 177.4±5.9 cm; weight: 74...
May 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791361/no-reference-stereoscopic-image-quality-assessment-based-on-hue-summation-difference-mapping-image-and-binocular-joint-mutual-filtering
#4
Jiachen Yang, Kyohoon Sim, Bin Jiang, Wen Lu
The no-reference (NR) quality assessment for stereoscopic images plays a significant role in 3D technology, but it also faces great challenges. In this paper, a novel NR stereo image quality assessment (SIQA) method is proposed. Based on the human visual system, this method mimics the summation and difference channels, which consider the binocular interactive perception property, to process the visual information. Especially, the summation and difference images are calculated by the contrast of hue and luminance in color patches...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791183/a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-overuse-running-injuries-the-runners-and-injury-longitudinal-study-trails
#5
Stephen P Messier, David F Martin, Shannon L Mihalko, Edward Ip, Paul DeVita, D Wayne Cannon, Monica Love, Danielle Beringer, Santiago Saldana, Rebecca E Fellin, Joseph F Seay
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, noting flaws in previous running injury research, called for more rigorous prospective designs and comprehensive analyses to define the origin of running injuries. PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors that differentiate recreational runners who remain uninjured from those diagnosed with an overuse running injury during a 2-year observational period. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790991/understanding-delays-in-acute-stroke-care-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#6
Yacine Lachkhem, Stéphane Rican, Étienne Minvielle
Background: Stroke is the leading cause of adult long-term disability in Western countries. Intravenous thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is safe and effective within the first 4.5 h after the onset of stroke. Various factors delaying acute stroke care have been identified in the literature. This review aimed to provide an overview of factors delaying acute stroke care and attempted to show how they interact in a synthetic framework. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of literature reviews published in Medline and DORIS until 2016 on factors influencing acute stroke pathway timeframe...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789599/exercise-activates-the-pi3k-akt-signal-pathway-by-decreasing-the-expression-of-5%C3%AE-reductase-type-1-in-pcos-rats
#7
Chuyan Wu, Feng Jiang, Ke Wei, Zhongli Jiang
Hyperandrogenism and hyperinsulinemia are main clinical endocrine features of PCOS. Exercise can adjust the androgen level, as well as increase the sensitivity of insulin by activating PI3K-Akt insulin signaling pathways. 5αR1 has certain effects on insulin resistance and can synthesize dihydrotestosterone by metabolizing testosterone. So 5αR1 may be the target of androgen and insulin for exercise-induced regulation. To investigate the role of 5αR1 in the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway in skeletal muscle of PCOS rats activated by exercise, fifty-four female rats were randomly divided into the PCOS group (n = 42) and the control group(n = 12)...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788936/association-between-stress-fracture-incidence-and-predicted-body-fat-in-united-states-army-basic-combat-training-recruits
#8
Joseph J Knapik, Marilyn A Sharp, Scott J Montain
BACKGROUND: A stress fracture (SF) is a highly debilitating injury commonly experienced in United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT). Body fat (BF) may be associated with this injury but previous investigations (in athletes) have largely used SF self-reports and lacked sufficient statistical power. This investigation developed an equation to estimate %BF and used that equation to examine the relationship between %BF and SF risk in BCT recruits. METHODS: Data for the %BF predictive equation involved 349 recruits with BF obtained from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788209/musculoskeletal-injuries-among-female-soldiers-working-with-dogs
#9
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Victoria Yoffe, Amir Shlaifer, Ran Yanovich
Introduction: Female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Forces canine unit may be at increased risk of overuse injuries related to working with military dogs. We hypothesized that this particular type of occupational exposure may lead to an increased strain of the upper extremity due to such non-physiologic motions as pulling the dog's strap or resisting the sudden pulling by the dog, and may result in an increased rate of overuse injuries. Materials and Methods: We compared incidence of overuse injuries in a retrospective cohort of female soldiers who served either in the military working dogs' unit (MWD), or in the light infantry battalions (Infantry) from 2005 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787977/pollution-level-and-reusability-of-the-waste-soil-generated-from-demolition-of-a-rural-railway
#10
Il Han, Gui Nam Wee, Jee Hyun No, Tae Kwon Lee
Railways are typically considered polluted from years of train operation. However, the pollution level of railway in a rural area, which is less exposed to hazardous material from trains and freights, is rarely assessed. This study evaluated common railway pollutants such as heavy metals, total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their chemical properties in the waste soil generated from the renovation of an old railway in rural area of Wonju, South Korea. Furthermore, lab-scale cultivation tests of peas (Pisum sativum) were performed to assess reusability of the waste soil as a soil amendment...
May 19, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787478/effect-of-a-1-year-elastic-band-resistance-exercise-program-on-cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
Cinta Gómez-Tomás, Iván Chulvi-Medrano, Juan José Carrasco, Yasser Alakhdar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a 1-year progressive resistance training program using elastic bands on cardiovascular profile parameters in sedentary postmenopausal (>12 months' amenorrhea) women. METHODS: This longitudinal prospective experimental study included 38 menopausal women who were randomly divided into two groups: an intervention group (IG, n = 18), who completed a progressive resistance training program with elastic bands over the course of 12 months (six exercises for whole body training, three sets × 10 repetitions), and a control group (CG, n = 20) that did not perform any training...
May 21, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786023/near-peer-assisted-learning-to-improve-confidence-for-medical-students-situational-judgment-tests
#12
Naomi Gostelow, Germander Soothill, Seema Vawda, David Annan
Background: The situational judgment test (SJT) was introduced for all graduating United Kingdom medical students in 2013. Students have anxiety over time pressures and heavy weighting of a single examination. Aims: This study aimed to examine formal SJT preparation available, perceptions of a near peer-delivered course, and to measure improvement in students' confidence. Innovation: Foundation doctors ( first 2 years of postgraduate training) produced a "Situational Judgment Test Preparation Course" in November 2015...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785400/previous-exercise-training-reduces-markers-of-renal-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-female-rats
#13
Liliany Souza de Brito Amaral, Cláudia Silva Souza, Rildo Aparecido Volpini, Maria Heloisa Massola Shimizu, Ana Carolina de Bragança, Daniele Canale, Antonio Carlos Seguro, Terezila Machado Coimbra, Amélia Cristina Mendes de Magalhães, Telma de Jesus Soares
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of regular moderate exercise training initiated previously or after induction of diabetes mellitus on renal oxidative stress and inflammation in STZ-induced diabetic female rats. For this purpose, Wistar rats were divided into five groups: sedentary control (SC), trained control (TC), sedentary diabetic (SD), trained diabetic (TD), and previously trained diabetic (PTD). Only the PTD group was submitted to treadmill running for 4 weeks previously to DM induction with streptozotocin (40 mg/kg, i...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783868/low-bone-mineral-density-in-ambulatory-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#14
Cindy T R Mus-Peters, Bionka M A Huisstede, Suzie Noten, Minou W M G C Hitters, Wilma M A van der Slot, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
PURPOSE: Non-ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy are prone to low bone mineral density. In ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy, bone mineral density deficits are expected to be small or absent, but a consensus conclusion is lacking. In this systematic review bone mineral density in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification Scales I-III) was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. According to international guidelines, low bone mineral density was defined as Z-score ≤ -2...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782615/feasibility-study-applying-a-parametric-model-as-the-design-generator-for-3d-printed-orthosis-for-fracture-immobilization
#15
Jianyou Li, Hiroya Tanaka
Background: Applying 3D printing technology for the fabrication of custom-made orthoses provides significant advantages, including increased ventilation and lighter weights. Currently, the design of such orthoses is most often performed in the CAD environment, but creating the orthosis model is a time-consuming process that requires significant CAD experience. This skill gap limits clinicians from applying this technology in fracture treatment. The purpose of this study is to develop a parametric model as the design generator for 3D-printed orthoses for an inexperienced CAD user and to evaluate its feasibility and ease of use via a training and design exercise...
2018: 3D printing in medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782407/effects-of-gait-training-with-auditory-feedback-on-walking-and-balancing-ability-in-adults-after-hemiplegic-stroke-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Yong-Jun Cha, Jung-Doo Kim, Yu-Ran Choi, Nan-Hyang Kim, Sung-Min Son
The aim of this study was to identify a gait training type that better improves the walking and balancing abilities of adult patients with chronic hemiplegic stroke. Single-blinded, randomized, controlled, comparative preliminary study was carried out. Patients were recruited from the inpatient unit of a Rehabilitation Hospital. Thirty-one patients who had experienced hemiplegic stroke were randomly assigned to three groups: the heel group (gait training by active weight bearing on the paretic heel with auditory feedback), the forefoot group (gait training with auditory feedback from paretic metatarsals), and the control group (general gait intervention)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#17
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781539/intermittent-resistance-exercise-and-obesity-considered-separately-or-combined-impair-spermatic-parameters-in-adult-male-wistar-rats
#18
Ana Paula Franco Punhagui, Giovana Rampazzo Teixeira, Marcelo Conrado de Freitas, Patricia Monteiro Seraphim, Glaura Scantamburlo Alves Fernandes
Obesity and absence of physical exercise are global problems that affect concentration and sperm quality in the male reproductive system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of obesity and resistance training, considered separately or in association, on testicular function and reproductive capacity. Twenty pubertal male Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: control (C) and exercise (E) groups that received standard rat chow; and obese (O) and obese with exercise (OE) groups that received a high-fat diet...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779721/evaluation-of-an-ontology-based-system-for-computerized-cognitive-rehabilitation
#19
Anna Alloni, Silvana Quaglini, Silvia Panzarasa, Elena Sinforiani, Sara Bernini
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the results of a randomized clinical trial about the effectiveness of a computerized rehabilitation treatment on a sample of 31 patients affected by Parkinson disease. METHODS: Computerized exercises were administered by the therapists to the intervention group (n = 17) through the CoRe tool, which automatically generates a big variety of exercises leveraging on a stimuli set (words, sounds and images) organized into a dedicated ontology...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778786/body-weight-and-breast-cancer-nested-case-control-study-in-southern-brazil
#20
Natália Luiza Kops, Marina Bessel, Maira Caleffi, Rodrigo Antonini Ribeiro, Eliana Marcia Wendland
BACKGROUND: Current studies have shown that fast weight gain may be more important than body mass index on the incidence of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between body weight and breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study nested in a cohort of a breast cancer mammography screening program in Southern Brazil. A trained investigator administered a standardized interview to collect sociodemographic and clinical data, and body weight history (weight at menarche, at marriage, at first and last pregnancy, and at menopause)...
April 28, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
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