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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666033/antidiabetics-usage-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-are-prescribing-guidelines-adhered-to-a-single-centre-study
#1
Viviane Khalil, Christy Sajan, Tiffany Tsai, David Ma
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to examine the prescribing patterns of antidiabetic agents (AA) in this hospital according to current prescribing contraindications (PCI). The secondary aims are to assess factors affecting the prescribing of AA and to evaluate the pharmacist impact on their prescribing. METHOD: A retrospective cross sectional study was performed to review all prescribed AA over a 3 month period. Data extracted from medical records included: patients' demographics, management and pharmacists' interventions...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665823/exposure-to-concentrated-ambient-pm-2-5-alters-the-composition-of-gut-microbiota-in-a-murine-model
#2
Wanjun Wang, Ji Zhou, Minjie Chen, Xingke Huang, Xiaoyun Xie, Weihua Li, Qi Cao, Haidong Kan, Yanyi Xu, Zhekang Ying
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) correlates with abnormal glucose homeostasis, but the underlying biological mechanism has not been fully understood. The gut microbiota is an emerging crucial player in the homeostatic regulation of glucose metabolism. Few studies have investigated its role in the PM2.5 exposure-induced abnormalities in glucose homeostasis. METHODS: C57Bl/6J mice were exposed to filtered air (FA) or concentrated ambient PM2...
April 17, 2018: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665183/age-related-changes-of-proinsulin-processing-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-japanese-individuals
#3
Hiroshi Yoshino, Kyoko Kawakami, Gen Yoshino, Takahisa Hirose
AIM: The present study was carried out to examine whether the insulin secretory mechanism deteriorates during the aging process using the new intact proinsulin assay system in non-diabetic and diabetic individuals. METHODS: A total of 172 participants were separated into four groups according to their age (<64 years and >65 years) and an association of type 2 diabetes; that is, 46 older diabetics (mean age 74.5 ± 6.2 years, glycated hemoglobin [National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program] 7...
April 17, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664215/the-plasma-bile-acid-alterations-of-type-2-diabetes-correlated-with-insulin-secretion-in-two-step-hyperglycemic-clamp
#4
Shujie Wang, Yuying Deng, Xiaoyan Xie, Jing Ma, Min Xu, Xinjie Zhao, Weiqiong Gu, Jie Hong, Weiqing Wang, Guowang Xu, Guang Ning, Yanyun Gu, Yifei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Bile acids (BAs) conduct crucial signals in human metabolism. Correlations between human plasma BA alterations and insulin secretion defects and type 2 diabetes (T2D) progression have been insufficiently studied. This study was performed to explore the trajectories of human plasma BA alterations and their association with the insulin secretion dynamics during a two-step hyperglycemic clamp. METHODS: Eleven healthy (NGT) and 33 drug-naïve T2D subjects (T2Ds) were enrolled to undertake a two-step hyperglycemic clamp...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663892/complement-components-c3-and-c4-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Melanie Copenhaver, Chack-Yung Yu, Robert P Hoffman
INTRODUCTION: Increased systemic inflammation is engaged likely plays a significant role in the development of adult cardiometabolic diseases such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and hypertension. The complement system is part of the innate immune system and plays a key role in in regulation inflammation. Of particular importance is the activation of complement components C3 and C4. C3 is produced primarily by the liver but is also produced in adipocytes, macrophages and endothelial cells, all of which are present in adipose tissue...
April 17, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663262/characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-economic-outcomes-of-patients-initiating-injectable-medications-for-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-japan-results-from-a-retrospective-claims-database-analysis
#6
Shuichi Suzuki, Urvi Desai, Alena Strizek, Jasmina Ivanova, Viviana Garcia-Horton, Zhihong Cai, Luke Schmerold, Xinyue Liu, Magaly Perez-Nieves
INTRODUCTION: This study's objective was to describe characteristics, treatment patterns, and economic outcomes of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients initiating injectable antidiabetic medications in Japan. METHODS: Adults (≥ 18 years) with T2DM, ≥ 2 claims for injectable antidiabetics between 1 August 2011 and 31 July 2015 (first claim = index date), no evidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus, ≤ 1 claim for insulin, no claims for GLP-1RA before index, and continuous enrollment for 6 months before (baseline) and 12 months after index (follow-up) were selected from the Japan Medical Center Database...
April 16, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661473/silk-fibroin-preserves-beta-cell-function-under-inflammatory-stress-while-stimulating-islet-cell-surface-glut2-expression
#7
N Ashari, H W Pang, T Simon, Y Xiong, J M Coburn, J S Bromberg, D L Kaplan, J McLenithan, M J Fontaine
Silk fibroin is a novel biomaterial for enhancing transplanted islet cell function and survival. This study investigated whether silk fibroin may have unique properties that improve islet function in the face of inflammatory-mediated stress during transplantation. Murine islet function was tested in vitro with either silk fibroin or alginate and challenged with inflammatory cytokines. The glucose-stimulated insulin secretion index for all conditions decreased with inflammatory cytokines, but was better preserved for islets exposed to silk compared to those exposed to alginate or medium...
April 9, 2018: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660612/perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-glycemic-status-in-pregnant-danish-women-the-odense-child-cohort
#8
Richard Christian Jensen, Dorte Glintborg, Clara Amalie Gade Timmermann, Flemming Nielsen, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Helle Raun Andersen, Philippe Grandjean, Tina Kold Jensen, Marianne Andersen
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent chemicals with suspected endocrine disrupting abilities applied in consumer products. PFASs have potentially modulating effects on glucose homeostasis. Insulin resistance prevails during third trimester of pregnancy, and this challenge of glucose homeostasis may reveal putative effects of PFAS concentrations on glycemic status. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between five serum PFASs and glucose-related outcomes in pregnant Danish women based on their risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
April 13, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659969/aspartame-consumption-for-12-weeks-does-not-affect-glycemia-appetite-or-body-weight-of-healthy-lean-adults-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Kelly A Higgins, Robert V Considine, Richard D Mattes
Background: Low-calorie sweeteners are often used to moderate energy intake and postprandial glycemia, but some evidence indicates that they may exacerbate these aims. Objective: The trial's primary aim was to assess the effect of daily aspartame ingestion for 12 wk on glycemia. Effects on appetite and body weight were secondary aims. Methods: One hundred lean [body mass index (kg/m2): 18-25] adults aged 18-60 y were randomly assigned to consume 0, 350, or 1050 mg aspartame/d (ASP groups) in a beverage for 12 wk in a parallel-arm design...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659967/carbohydrate-replacement-of-rice-or-potato-with-lentils-reduces-the-postprandial-glycemic-response-in-healthy-adults-in-an-acute-randomized-crossover-trial
#10
Dita Moravek, Alison M Duncan, Laura B VanderSluis, Sarah J Turkstra, Erica J Rogers, Jessica M Wilson, Aileen Hawke, D Dan Ramdath
Background: The postprandial blood glucose response (PBGR) following carbohydrate replacement of high-glycemic index (GI) foods with pulses, in a mixed meal, has not been accurately defined. Objective: We aimed to determine the extent to which PBGR and relative glycemic response (RGR) are lowered when half of the available carbohydrate (AC) from rice or potato is replaced with cooked lentils. Methods: Using a crossover design, 2 groups of 24 healthy adults randomly consumed 50 g AC from control white rice alone [mean ± SD body mass index (BMI, in kg/m2): 24...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659896/does-metformin-treatment-during-pregnancy-modify-future-metabolic-profile-in-women-with-pcos
#11
Maria Othelie Underdal, Solhild Stridsklev, Ingrid Hennum Oppen, Kristin Høgetveit, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Eszter Vanky
Context: Worldwide, metformin is prescribed in an attempt to improve pregnancy outcome in PCOS. Metformin may also benefit future health by modulating the increased metabolic stress during pregnancy. Objective: To investigate if metformin during pregnancy modified future metabolic health in women with PCOS. Design: Follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial, which compared metformin to placebo in women with PCOS. Mean follow-up period was 8 years (5-11)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659743/association-of-biomarker-and-physiologic-indices-with-mortality-in-older-adults-cardiovascular-health-study
#12
Jason L Sanders, Alice M Arnold, Robert M Boudreau, Calvin H Hirsch, Jorge R Kizer, Robert C Kaplan, Anne R Cappola, Mary Cushman, Mini E Jacob, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Anne B Newman
Background: A goal of gerontology is discovering aging phenotypes that reflect biological aging distinct from disease pathogenesis. Biomarkers strongly and independently associated with mortality and which statistically attenuate chronologic age could be used to define such a phenotype. We determined the association of a Biomarker Index (BI) with mortality and compared it to a validated Physiologic Index (PI) in older adults. Methods: The indices were constructed in the Cardiovascular Health Study, mean (SD) age 74...
April 12, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658358/association-of-mthfr-c677t-gene-polymorphism-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-chinese-population-a-case-control-study
#13
Jin Wang, Lijuan Xu, Hongmiao Xia, Ying Li, Shiqi Tang
Objective To investigate the association of the MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people in Hubei Province, China. Methods A case-control study was conducted with 651 subjects with MetS (MetS group) and 727 healthy controls (control group) at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University between January and December 2016. The MTHFR C677T genotype was detected by the gene chip technique and clinical data were collected. Results Body mass index, waist circumference, the waist-hip-ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and homocysteine levels, and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were higher in the MetS group than in controls...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656956/ultrasound-assessed-visceral-fat-and-associations-with-glucose-homeostasis-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-clinical-practice
#14
M Bellan, M Menegatti, C Ferrari, G P Carnevale Schianca, M Pirisi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite the lack of evidence that assessing the global cardiovascular risk leads to a decreased incidence of cardiovascular events, accurate patient profiling is paramount in preventive medicine. An excess of visceral fat (VF) is associated with an enhanced cardiovascular risk; importantly, VF is quantifiable rapidly, cheaply and safely by ultrasound, which makes it suitable for use in clinical practice. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate if US-measured VF (USVF) could be a better predictor of glucose homeostasis and cardiovascular risk than simple anthropometric measures...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656048/trunk-muscle-quality-assessed-by-computed-tomography-association-with-adiposity-indices-and-glucose-tolerance-in-men
#15
Alexandre Maltais, Natalie Alméras, Isabelle Lemieux, Angelo Tremblay, Jean Bergeron, Paul Poirier, Jean-Pierre Després
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Thigh muscle attenuation measured by computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a reliable and useful index of skeletal muscle fat infiltration. Thigh muscle fat content assessed by CT has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes and is a correlate of insulin resistance in sedentary individuals. However, as measurement of mid-thigh fat content requires the assessment of another region of interest beyond the usual abdominal scan required to measure levels of visceral and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue, this study aimed at testing the hypothesis that skeletal muscle fat measured from a single abdominal scan (L4 -L5 ) would also provide information relevant to the estimation of muscle fat infiltration as it relates to cardiometabolic risk...
April 12, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655623/insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome-criteria-in-lean-normoglycemic-college-age-subjects
#16
Dana K Townsend, Katheryn McGregor, Esther Wu, Kathryn Cialkowski, Mark D Haub, Thomas J Barstow
AIMS: The goal of this study was to determine insulin sensitivity in a fasted state and during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), in normoglycemic (NGT), lean (L) (n = 35) and, for comparison, overweight/obese (OW/O) (n = 9) college-aged subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Insulin sensitivity for 44 NGT, normotensive subjects, age 18-26 yrs., was determined by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) and from Matsuda index (ISI Matsuda). RESULTS: Subjects were normoglycemic fasted (4...
March 31, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655462/obesity-thrombotic-risk-and-inflammation-in-cancer
#17
Benjamín Rubio-Jurado, Luz-Ma-Adriana Balderas-Peña, Eduardo E García-Luna, María G Zavala-Cerna, Carlos Riebeling-Navarro, Pedro A Reyes, Arnulfo H Nava-Zavala
Neoplasms exhibits a high incidence and mortality rates due to their complex and commonly overlapping clinical, biochemical, and morphologic profiles influenced by acquired or inherited molecular abnormalities, cell of origin, and level of differentiation. Obesity appears related to ~20% of cancers including endometrial, esophageal, colorectal, postmenopausal breast, prostate, and renal. Several factors other than obesity, i.e., insulin, insulin-like growth factor, sexual hormones, and adipokines may play a potential role in neoplasia...
2018: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651957/serum-uric-acid-elevation-is-associated-to-arterial-stiffness-in-hypertensive-patients-with-metabolic-disturbances
#18
Agustin J Ramirez, Alejandra Ines Christen, Ramiro A Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: Chronic serum uric acid elevation (SUA) is known to be induced by dyslipidemia, hypertension, inflammation, and insulin resistance. Therefore, it has been associated with higher risk for coronary artery disease and cardiovascular mortality. Also, increased levels of SUA have been associated with regional arterial stiffness, assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV). AIMS: To evaluate the relationships of PWV, SUA and different metabolic parameters in essential hypertensive patients...
April 13, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651834/efficacy-of-anthropometric-measures-for-identifying-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-adolescents-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Michael Lichtenauer, Sean D Wheatley, Marrissa Martyn-St James, Michael J Duncan, Fernanda Cobayashi, Gabriela Berg, Carla Musso, Mabel Graffigna, Jimena Soutelo, Pascal Bovet, Anastasios Kollias, George S Stergiou, Evangelos Grammatikos, Claire Griffiths, Lee Ingle, Christian Jung
BACKGROUND: To compare the ability of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) to estimate cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk levels in adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed after a database search for relevant literature (Cochrane, Centre for Review and Dissemination, PubMed, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, BIOSIS citation index, ChildData, metaRegister). RESULTS: 117 records representing 96 studies with 994,595 participants were included in the systematic review, 14 of which (13 studies, n=14,610) were eligible for the meta-analysis...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651629/high-normal-serum-thyrotropin-levels-and-increased-glycemic-variability-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#20
Jian-Bin Su, Li-Hua Zhao, Xiu-Lin Zhang, Hong-Li Cai, Hai-Yan Huang, Feng Xu, Tong Chen, Xue-Qin Wang
PURPOSE: High-normal thyrotropin (TSH) is related to reduced insulin sensitivity and may contribute to glycemic disorders in diabetes. We investigated the relationship between normal serum TSH levels and glycemic variability in euthyroid type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: A total of 432 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients with euthyroid function and normal serum TSH levels were recruited between March 2013 and February 2017. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated by the Matsuda index (ISIMatsuda ) following a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test...
April 12, 2018: Endocrine
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