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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239129/association-of-prenatal-exposure-to-gestational-diabetes-with-offspring-body-composition-and-regional-body-fat-distribution
#1
M Kearney, J Perron, I Marc, S J Weisnagel, A Tchernof, J Robitaille
The aim of this cohort study was to compare body composition and regional body fat distribution between children exposed (GDM+) or unexposed (GDM-) in utero to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to investigate the association with the glycaemic and the insulin profile. Data from 56 GDM+ and 30 GDM- were analysed. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured. Total and regional body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Insulin, glucose and HbA1c were obtained from a fasting plasma sample, and the HOMA-IR index was calculated...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237763/bisphenol-a-phthalate-metabolites-and-glucose-homeostasis-in-healthy-normal-weight-children
#2
Amalie Carlsson, Kaspar Sørensen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Hanne Frederiksen, Anders Juul
INTRODUCTION: Bisphenol A and several of the most commonly used phthalates have been associated with adverse metabolic health effects such as obesity and diabetes. Therefore, we analyzed these man-made chemicals in first morning urine samples from 107 healthy normal-weight Danish children and adolescents. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study. Participants were recruited as part of The COPENHAGEN Puberty Study. The subjects were evaluated by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), a dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan, direct oxygen uptake measurement during cycle ergometry, and fasting blood samples...
December 13, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236221/dpp-4-inhibitor-induced-rheumatoid-arthritis-among-diabetics-a-nested-case-control-study
#3
Niranjan Kathe, Anuj Shah, Qayyim Said, Jacob T Painter
INTRODUCTION: The risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associated with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) use is unclear. This study assesses the RA risk associated with DPP-4i use among a diabetic cohort initiating second-line therapy. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study, using the adult diabetic population starting second-line antidiabetic therapy from IMS LifeLink Plus® database (2006-2015). Cases were those with two or more RA diagnosis, at least one prescription, and 180 days enrollment prior to the event date (earliest of the two: first RA diagnosis, first RA prescription)...
December 13, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235560/effect-of-high-milk-and-sugar-sweetened-and-non-caloric-soft-drink-intake-on-insulin-sensitivity-after-6-months-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sara Engel, Tine Tholstrup, Jens M Bruun, Arne Astrup, Bjørn Richelsen, Anne Raben
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Milk contributes with saturated fat, but randomized controlled trials (RCT) on the effects of dairy on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) where dairy is given as whole foods are scarce. The objective of our study was to investigate the long-term effects of semi-skimmed milk on insulin sensitivity and further to compare milk with sugar-sweetened soft drinks (SSSD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A secondary analysis of a 6-month RCT with 60 overweight and obese subjects randomly assigned to 1 L/d of either milk (1...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234897/potential-influence-of-the-phthalates-on-normal-liver-function-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-males
#5
Nataša Milošević, Nataša Milić, Dragana Živanović Bosić, Ivana Bajkin, Ivanka Perčić, Ludovico Abenavoli, Milica Medić Stojanoska
Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, massively used in industry as plasticizers and additives in cosmetics, which may impair the human endocrine system inducing fertility problems, respiratory diseases, obesity, and neuropsychological disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of the monoethyl phthalate (MEP) and mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) on the liver function and cardiometabolic risk factors in males. In this research, 102 male participants (51 normal weight and 51 overweight/obese) were enrolled and examined for phthalate metabolites exposure in urine samples after 12 h of fasting...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234359/subtle-inflammation-a-possible-mechanism-of-future-cardiovascular-risk-in-obese-children
#6
Watchareewan Sontichai, Prapai Dejkhamron, Peraphan Pothacharoen, Prachya Kongtaweelert, Kevalee Unachak, Nuthapong Ukarapol
Purpose: The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been shown to be associated with systemic inflammation in obese adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and its relation to inflammatory markers in obese Thai children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Children with history of endogenous obesity, chronic diseases, drug ingestion, and any acute illness within 2 weeks prior to enrollment were excluded...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234306/body-mass-index-influences-the-prognostic-impact-of-combined-nuclear-insulin-receptor-and-estrogen-receptor-expression-in-primary-breast-cancer
#7
Sofie Björner, Ann H Rosendahl, Maria Simonsson, Andrea Markkula, Karin Jirström, Signe Borgquist, Carsten Rose, Christian Ingvar, Helena Jernström
The prognostic importance of tumor-specific nuclear insulin receptor (InsR) expression in breast cancer is unclear, while membrane and cytoplasmic localization of InsR is better characterized. The insulin signaling network is influenced by obesity and may interact with the estrogen receptor α (ERα) signaling. The purpose was to investigate the interplay between nuclear InsR, ER, body mass index (BMI), and prognosis. Tumor-specific expression of nuclear InsR was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in tissue microarrays from 900 patients with primary invasive breast cancer without preoperative treatment, included in a population-based cohort in Sweden (2002-2012) in relation to prognosis...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233906/skeletal-muscle-insulin-signaling-and-whole-body-glucose-metabolism-following-acute-sleep-restriction-in-healthy-males
#8
Emma L Sweeney, Stewart Jeromson, D Lee Hamilton, Naomi E Brooks, Ian H Walshe
Sleep restriction is associated with impaired glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, however, the underlying mechanisms leading to this impairment are unknown. This study aimed to assess whether the decrease in insulin sensitivity observed after sleep restriction is accompanied by changes in skeletal muscle PKB activity. Ten healthy young males participated in this randomized crossover study which included two conditions separated by a 3-week washout period. Participants underwent two nights of habitual sleep (CON) and two nights of sleep which was restricted to 50% of habitual sleep duration (SR) in the home environment...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233588/changes-in-circulating-mirnas-in-healthy-overweight-and-obese-subjects-effect-of-diet-composition-and-weight-loss
#9
S Giardina, P Hernández-Alonso, A Díaz-López, A Salas-Huetos, J Salas-Salvadó, M Bulló
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that can play an important role in several chronic metabolic conditions, including obesity. However, to date little is known about how they are regulated. Weight loss induced by surgical procedures has been effective at modulating specific circulating miRNAs, but the effect of energy-restricted diets with different macronutrient compositions on circulating miRNAs is not well understood. The objective of the present analysis was to explore the effect of three energy-restricted diets of different macronutrient composition and carbohydrate quality on plasma miRNA levels...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232972/association-of-resting-heart-rate-with-arterial-stiffness-and-low-grade-inflammation-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#10
José Antonio Vargas-Hitos, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Josefa Martínez-Bordonado, Isabel Sánchez-Berná, Daniel Fernández-Bergés, José Mario Sabio
Resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with arterial stiffness, inflammation, and cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause mortality in the general population and in patients at high CV risk. We assessed the association of RHR with arterial stiffness and low-grade inflammation (LGI) in a cross-sectional study that included 101 women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) without a history of CV disease or arrhythmia or who were under treatment that may cause bradycardia. Pulse wave velocity (PWV; a measure of arterial stiffness), RHR, and markers of LGI (ie, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, insulin, and homeostatic model assessment index) were measured...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231585/-regulative-effects-of-the-acupuncture-on-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism-disorder-in-the-patients-of-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Jie Chen, Haijiao Xing, Qing Li, Mei Li, Shaojin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the regulative effects of the acupuncture on glucose and lipid metabolism disorder in the patients of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Seventy-six patients of metabolic syndrome were rando-mized into an acupuncture plus western medicine group (37 cases) and a western medicine group (39 cases). In the western medicine group, the conventional western medication was used for 40 days. In the acupuncture plus western medicine group, the acupuncture was combined on the basis of the treatment as the western medicine group, the acupoints were Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), etc...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230944/improved-insulin-sensitivity-appears-to-remain-for-a-mean-of-four-years-following-islet-cell-transplant-for-type-1-diabetes
#12
Brett Rydzon, Rebecca S Monson, Jose Oberholzer, Krista A Varady, Melena D Bellin, Kirstie K Danielson
BACKGROUND: Impaired insulin sensitivity (IS) predicts complications and mortality in type 1 diabetes (T1D). IS improves shortly after islet cell transplant for type 1 diabetes, yet long-term changes in IS, and associated factors such as patient characteristics, transplant factors, clinical management, and IS-related biomarkers are unknown. METHODS: Up to nine years (mean four) of longitudinal data were available on 22 adults (18 female) with T1D who received 1-3 transplants in Phase 1/2 or 3 clinical trials (2004-2014)...
December 12, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229927/activation-of-non-canonical-wnt-signaling-in-human-visceral-adipose-tissue-contributes-to-local-and-systemic-inflammation
#13
María A Zuriaga, José J Fuster, Melissa G Farb, Susan MacLauchlan, Rosa Bretón-Romero, Shakun Karki, Donald T Hess, Caroline M Apovian, Naomi M Hamburg, Noyan Gokce, Kenneth Walsh
The accumulation of visceral adiposity is strongly associated with systemic inflammation and increased cardiometabolic risk. WNT5A, a non-canonical WNT ligand, has been shown to promote adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance in animal studies. Among other non-canonical pathways, WNT5A activates planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling. The current study investigated the potential contribution of non-canonical WNT5A/PCP signaling to visceral adipose tissue (VAT) inflammation and associated metabolic dysfunction in individuals with obesity...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228766/the-effects-of-addition-of-coenzyme-q10-to-metformin-on-sirolimus-induced-diabetes-mellitus
#14
In O Sun, Long Jin, Jian Jin, Sun Woo Lim, Byung Ha Chung, Chul Woo Yang
Background/Aims: This study was performed to determine whether adding coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) to metformin (MET) has a beneficial effect as a treatment for sirolimus (SRL)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: DM was induced in rats by daily treatment with SRL (0.3 mg/kg, subcutaneous) for 28 days, and animals were treated with CoQ10 (20 mg/kg, oral) and MET (250 mg/kg, oral) alone or in combination for the latter 14 days of SRL treatment. The effects of CoQ10 and MET on SRL-induced DM were assessed with the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) and by determining plasma insulin concentration and the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-R) index...
December 13, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228671/metformin-ameliorates-skeletal-muscle-insulin-resistance-by-inhibiting-mir-21-expression-in-a-high-fat-dietary-rat-model
#15
Jinyang Wang, Yanbin Gao, Lijun Duan, Suhong Wei, Jing Liu, Liming Tian, Jinxing Quan, Qi Zhang, Juxiang Liu, Jinkui Yang
Insulin resistance (IR) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of abdominal obesity, hypertension, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis and diabetes. miR-21 and TGF-β/smads is closely related to IR. However, it remained elusive whether metformin improved skeletal muscle insulin resistance (IRSM) by regulating miR-21 and its target signal TGF-β1/smads expression. In this study, high-fat diet rats with IR model and IR-skeletal muscle L6 cells (L6-SMCs) model were established, insulin sensitive index (ISI) and Homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) were applied, miR-21 and TGF-β1/smads mRNA expression were examined by RT-PCR, smad3 and smad7 protein were detected by western-blotting and laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM), the valid target of miR-21 was detected by luciferase reporter gene assay...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228348/flaxseed-supplementation-on-glucose-control-and-insulin-sensitivity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-25-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#16
Mohsen Mohammadi-Sartang, Zahra Sohrabi, Reza Barati-Boldaji, Hamidreza Raeisi-Dehkordi, Zohreh Mazloom
Context: The results of human clinical trials investigating the effects of flaxseed on glucose control and insulin sensitivity are inconsistent. Objective: The present study aimed to systematically review and analyze randomized controlled trials assessing the effects of flaxseed consumption on glycemic control. Data Sources: PubMed, Medline via Ovid, SCOPUS, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Sciences databases were searched up to November 2016. Study Selection: Clinical trials in which flaxseed or its products were administered as an intervention were included...
December 8, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227325/study-of-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-and-validity-of-triglyceride-glucose-tyg-index
#17
Arif M Ansari, Kamalakshi G Bhat, Smitha S Dsa, Soundarya Mahalingam, Nitin Joseph
Complications like impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes mellitus due to iron overload need early identification in thalassemia. We studied the proportion of insulin resistance in thalassemia major patients on chronic transfusion, identified insulin resistance using homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and triglyceride glucose (TYG) index, compared them and validated TYG index. In total, 73 thalassemia patients on regular transfusion for 3 years with serum ferritin >1500 ng/mL were studied...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227263/-adaptive-regulatory-mechanisms-of-alopecia-areata
#18
L Bolotnaja, I Serbina
Failure of adaptive mechanisms leads to structural and functional damage at all levels and of neuroendocrinal and immune systems, which are pathogenetic basis of development of autoimmune diseases, in particular. The objective of this work was to assess the condition of adaptive hormones, such as cortisol and insulin, coefficient of stress of adaptive potential "K" and also dermatologic life quality index (DLQI) of the diseased with alopecia areata (AA). 48 patients with different forms of AA aged between 18 and 52 were examined...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225893/a-novel-approach-to-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-partial-jejunal-diversion-pre-clinical-to-clinical-pathway
#19
Martin Fried, Karin Dolezalova, Adam P Chambers, Elliott J Fegelman, Robin Scamuffa, Michael L Schwiers, Jason R Waggoner, Martin Haluzik, Randy J Seeley
Objective: To explore partial jejunal diversion (PJD) via a side-to-side jejuno-jejunostomy for improved glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PJD is an anatomy-sparing, technically simple surgery in comparison to the predominate metabolic procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Positive results in a rodent model prompted a human proof-of-concept study. Research design and methods: Pre-clinically, 71 rats were studied in a model of metabolic dysfunction induced by a high-fat diet; 33 animals undergoing one of two lengths of PJD were compared with 18 undergoing sham, 10 RYGB and 10 jejuno-ileal bypass...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225096/triglycerides-and-glycated-hemoglobin-for-screening-insulin-resistance-in-obese-patients
#20
Guilaine Boursier, Ariane Sultan, Nicolas Molinari, Laurent Maimoun, Catherine Boegner, Marion Picandet, Nils Kuster, Anne-Sophie Bargnoux, Stéphanie Badiou, Anne-Marie Dupuy, Jean-Paul Cristol, Antoine Avignon
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of insulin resistance (IR) is essential in non-diabetic patients with obesity. Thus study aims to identify the best determinants of IR and to propose an original approach for routine assessment of IR in obesity. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: All adult with obesity defined by a body mass index ≥30kg/m2, evaluated in the Nutrition Department between January 2010 and January 2015 were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients with diabetes were excluded...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
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