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Jingtian Liu, Zongyou Chen, Jianbin Xiang, Xiaodong Gu
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies. Aberrant expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to have strong associations with colorectal cancer by repressing their targets. Therefore, miRNAs are thought to have significant promise in the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal cancer. Previous studies indicated that miR-155 and collagen triple helix repeat containing 1 (CTHRC1) were both involved in pathogenesis of colorectal cancer, but the underlying mechanisms of miR-155 and CTHRC1 are still unknown...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yuewen Gao, Zhaoyan Liu, Zhaohong Ding, Shicai Hou, Jun Li, Kehua Jiang
To investigate the effect of microRNA (miR)-155 on colon cancer chemoresistance to cisplatine and its mechanism. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the levels of miR-155 and forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) in colon cancer specimens and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-155 and miR-155 inhibitor were transfected into colon cancer cell lines to investigate its role of chemoresistance to cisplatin in colon cancer. MTS assays were used to analyse cell viability in vitro . In vivo tumor formation assays were performed in C57BL/6 wild type and miR-155 knockout mice (miR-155-/-)...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Ruinian Zheng, Shunhuan Lin, Ling Guan, Huiling Yuan, Kejun Liu, Chun Liu, Weibiao Ye, Yuting Liao, Jun Jia, Ruopeng Zhang
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is an important member of non-coding RNA family and emerging evidence has indicated that it plays a pivotal role in many physiological and pathological processes. The lncRNA X inactive specific transcript (XIST) is a potential tumour suppressor in some types of cancers. However, the expression and function of XIST in breast cancer remain largely unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression and biological role of XIST in breast cancer. The results showed that XIST was significantly down-regulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines...
March 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Keun Soo Ahn, Ji Yeon Hwang, Ho-Seong Han, Sang Tae Kim, Ilseon Hwang, Young-Ok Chun
BACKGROUND: The impact of acute inflammation on cancer is unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the impact of acute inflammation on cancer progression in an animal model concerning morphological change as well as molecular features. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Murine pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma cell line (Panc-02) and zymosan were used for the induction of cancer and acute inflammation respectively, in C57/BL6 mice. In the C group (n = 10), 2 × 107 Panc02 cells were injected into the tail of the pancreas...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Jie Gao, Gang Zhao, Wei Li, Jiayuan Zhang, Yanling Che, Meiyu Song, Shan Gao, Bin Zeng, Yuanhong Wang
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in diabetes-associated complications, including diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Recent reports showed that miR-155 downregulation promotes wound healing in diabetic rats and ameliorates endothelial injury induced by high glucose, but its role in DFU is unknown. We found that miR-155 was overexpressed in EPCs from patients with DFU and in high glucose-induced EPCs from healthy people. Reductions in cell viability, migration, tube formation and nitric oxide production, as well as increases in lactated hydrogenase, cell apoptosis, and reactive oxygen species induced by high glucose, were enhanced by miR-155 overexpression and restrained by miR-155 inhibition...
March 12, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Jing Chen, Yan Qi, Cui-Fang Liu, Jing-Min Lu, Yan Shi
INTRODUCTION: MicroRNAs have been increasing prevalent due to the association of their deregulation with neurodegenerative disorders, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the association between miRNAs and AD hasn't been made clear. PURPOSE: In this study, Nine representative miRNA datasets were selected for the identification of the critical miRNAs by analyzing the overlap relations among them. TargetScan software was further used to predict the target genes of these miRNAs...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Gene Medicine
Yang Li, Yanhong Duo, Jiangang Bi, Xiaowei Zeng, Lin Mei, Shiyun Bao, Lisheng He, Aijun Shan, Yue Zhang, Xiaofang Yu
Introduction: MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an oncogenic microRNA, which is upregulated in many human cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). Overexpression of miR-155 has been found to regulate several cancer-related pathways, and therefore, targeting miR-155 may be an effective strategy for cancer therapy. However, effective and safe delivery of anti-miR-155 to tumors remains challenging for the clinical applications of anti-miR-155-based therapeutics. Methods: In this study, we explored the expression of miR-155 and the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in CRC tissues and cell lines, and the possible relationship between miR-155 and NF-κB...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Philipp Strauss, Hans-Peter Marti, Christian Beisland, Andreas Scherer, Vegard Lysne, Sabine Leh, Arnar Flatberg, Even Koch, Vidar Beisvag, Lea Landolt, Trude Skogstrand, Øystein Eikrem
Novel predictive tools for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) are urgently needed. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been increasingly investigated for their predictive value, and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy archives may potentially be a valuable source of miRNA sequencing material, as they remain an underused resource. Core biopsies of both cancerous and adjacent normal tissues were obtained from patients ( n = 12) undergoing nephrectomy. After small RNA-seq, several analyses were performed, including classifier evaluation, obesity-related inquiries, survival analysis using publicly available datasets, comparisons to the current literature and ingenuity pathway analyses...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Clarence T Sasaki, Sotirios G Doukas, Dimitra P Vageli
PURPOSE: Bile-containing gastroesophageal reflux may promote cancer at extraesophageal sites. Acidic bile can accelerate NF-κB activation and molecular events, linked to premalignant changes in murine hypopharyngeal mucosa (HM). We hypothesize that short-term in vivo topical application of NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082 can prevent acidic bile-induced early preneoplastic molecular events, suggesting its potential role in disease prevention. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We topically exposed HM (C57Bl/6j wild-type) to a mixture of bile acids at pH 3...
March 9, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Abeer Sheneef, Asmaa M Gouda, Asmaa N Mohammad, Laila M Yousef, Amal K Noureldin
Chronic HCV with its longstanding complications of cirrhosis and HCC is a highly prevalent and challenging problem in Egypt. Recently, microRNAs are ranked as potential biomarkers for early diagnosis of HCV related complications. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of miRNA-122 and miRNA-155 for prediction of progression of HCV infection and for diagnosis of HCC. A total of 92 chronic HCV patients [chronic HCV (group 1, n =32); chronic HCV with cirrhosis (group 2, n=31); chronic HCV with HCC (group 3, n=29)] were enrolled into the study...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Tamara Roitbak
Stroke-induced endothelial cell injury leads to destruction of cerebral microvasculature and significant damage to the brain tissue. A subacute phase of cerebral ischemia is associated with regeneration involving the activation of vascular remodeling, neuroplasticity, neurogenesis, and neuroinflammation processes. Effective restoration and improvement of blood supply to the damaged brain tissue offers a potential therapy for stroke. microRNAs (miRNAs) are recently identified small RNA molecules that regulate gene expression and significantly influence the essential cellular processes associated with brain repair following stroke...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Sinae Kim, Eunji Lee, Jaeyun Jung, Jong Won Lee, Hee Jung Kim, Jisun Kim, Hyun Ju Yoo, Hee Jin Lee, Sun Young Chae, Sang Min Jeon, Byung Ho Son, Gyungyup Gong, Shyam K Sharan, Suhwan Chang
MicroRNA is an endogenous, small RNA controlling multiple target genes and playing roles in various biological processes including tumorigenesis. Here, we addressed the function of miR-155 using LC-MS/MS-based metabolic profiling of miR-155 deficient breast cancer cells. Our results revealed the loss of miR-155 hampers glucose uptake and glycolysis, via the down-regulation of glucose transporters and metabolic enzymes including HK2, PKM2, and LDHA. We showed this is due to the down-regulation of cMYC, controlled through phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit alpha (PIK3R1)-PDK1/AKT-FOXO3a pathway...
March 12, 2018: Oncogene
Nikola Radović, Nataša Nikolić Jakoba, Nina Petrović, Aleksandra Milosavljević, Božidar Brković, Jelena Roganović
AIM: Recent studies point at the crucial role of epigenetic mechanisms in the development of multifactorial diseases such as periodontitis and diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2. In addition, circulatory microRNAs (miRs) have emerged as novel biomarkers for various diseases. Aim of this study was to investigate the levels of miR-146a and miR-155 and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of periodontitis patients with (CPDM) and without (CP) DM type 2 as well as in periodontally healthy, control groups (PHDM and PH, respectively)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Xudong Zhao, Wei Zhang, Wenyue Ji
AIM: In this study, we investigated the role of Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1), c-Myb and miR-155 in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) progression. MATERIALS & METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR, western blot, MTT and Transwell were conducted to determine the expression and function of YB-1/miR-155 pathway. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the prognostic factors. RESULTS: Expression of YB-1, c-Myb and miR-155 was higher in LSCC tissues...
March 8, 2018: Future Oncology
Sotirios G Doukas, Dimitra P Vageli, Clarence T Sasaki
We previously demonstrated that acidic bile activates NF-κB, deregulating the expression of oncogenic miRNA markers, in pre-malignant murine laryngopharyngeal mucosa. Here, we hypothesize that the in vitro exposure of human hypopharyngeal cells to acidic bile deregulates cancer-related miRNA markers that can be reversed by BAY 11-7082, a pharmacologic NF-κB inhibitor. We repetitively exposed normal human hypopharyngeal primary cells and human hypopharyngeal keratinocytes to bile fluid (400 μmol/L), at pH 4...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Hongxia Liu, Liang Zhong, Taixian Yuan, Sicheng Chen, Yiqing Zhou, Liqin An, Yangliu Guo, Mengtian Fan, Ya Li, Yanting Sun, Wang Li, Qiong Shi, Yaguang Weng
Previous studies have indicated that bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) can promote the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and increase bone formation in bone diseases. However, the mechanisms involved remained poorly understood. It is necessary to investigate the specific regulatory mechanisms of osteogenic differentiation that were induced by BMP9. During the process of osteogenic differentiation induced by BMP9, the expression of microRNA-155 (miR-155) exhibited a tendency of increasing at first and then decreasing, which made us consider that miR-155 may have a modulatory role in this process, but the roles of this process have not been elucidated...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Junguo Ma, Yuanyuan Li, Mengli Wu, Can Zhang, Yuqing Che, Weiguo Li, Xiaoyu Li
Paraquat (PQ) is a herbicide used worldwide, and it was shown to be a high-risk compound to aquatic organisms. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of PQ on traditional serum parameters and circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in common carp to further elucidate the mechanism of PQ toxicity in fish. In the current study, a subacute toxicity test of common carp exposed to PQ at 1.596 and 3.192 mg/L for 7 d was conducted under laboratory conditions. The results showed that PQ exposure generally reduced the levels of T-AOC, SOD, CAT, and GST, but significantly increased MDA levels in the serum, indicating that PQ exposure induces oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation in the fish...
February 27, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yi Yang, Yanpeng Jia, Yao Xiao, Ying Hao, Lan Zhang, Xiaoxin Chen, Jian He, Yongxiang Zhao, Zhiyong Qian
Anti-microRNA-155 (anti-miR-155), an oligonucleotide with a complimentary sequence to microRNA-155, holds great promise for lung cancer therapy, and thus some cationic materials have been used to deliver anti-miR-155 into lung tumors. Although the gene delivery capacity in vitro was favorable, the application in vivo was limited by rapid removal and significant cytotoxicity, which were mainly caused by the positive charge of the gene complexes. Therefore, it was necessary to develop a novel carrier to decrease the positive charge and increase the gene delivery capacity into the tumor site...
February 28, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Oshrat Hershkovitz-Rokah, Polina Geva, Mali Salmon-Divon, Ofer Shpilberg, Stella Liberman-Aronov
MicroRNAs (miRs) are short non-coding regulatory RNAs that control gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play an important role in cancer development and progression, acting either as oncogenes or as tumor suppressors. Identification of aberrantly expressed miRs in patients with hematological malignancies as compared to healthy individuals has suggested that these molecules may serve as novel clinical diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. We conducted a systematic literature review of articles published between 2007 and 2017 and re-analyzed experimentally-validated human miR expression signatures in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) from various biological sources (tumor tissue, peripheral blood, bone marrow and cell lines)...
January 30, 2018: Oncotarget
Roya Mahdavi, Samira Ghorbani, Behnam Alipoor, Ghodratollah Panahi, Hadi Khodabandehloo, Ensieh Nasli Esfahani, Farideh Razi, Reza Meshkani
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is the most common metabolic disease, affecting many of the adult population all around the world. In recent years much attention has been paid to the role of circulating miRNAs as novel biomarkers for various diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression level of miR-155 in serum samples of diabetic and healthy subjects. METHODS: 42 healthy and 45 type 2 diabetic subjects participated in the study. Serum miR-155 level of the subjects was measured using real-time PCR...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
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