keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neurodegeneration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531327/interstrand-cross-links-arising-from-strand-breaks-at-true-abasic-sites-in-duplex-dna
#1
Zhiyu Yang, Nathan E Price, Kevin M Johnson, Yinsheng Wang, Kent S Gates
Interstrand cross-links are exceptionally bioactive DNA lesions. Endogenous generation of interstrand cross-links in genomic DNA may contribute to aging, neurodegeneration, and cancer. Abasic (Ap) sites are common lesions in genomic DNA that readily undergo spontaneous and amine-catalyzed strand cleavage reactions that generate a 2,3-didehydro-2,3-dideoxyribose sugar remnant (3'ddR5p) at the 3'-terminus of the strand break. Interestingly, this strand scission process leaves an electrophilic α,β-unsaturated aldehyde residue embedded within the resulting nicked duplex...
May 22, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530811/multi-targeted-imidazoles-potential-therapeutic-leads-for-alzheimer-s-and-other-neurodegenerative-diseases
#2
Anne-Sophie Cornec, Ludovica Monti, Jane Kovalevich, Vishruti Makani, Michael J James, Krishna G Vijayendran, Killian Oukoloff, Yuemang Yao, Virginia M-Y Lee, John Q Trojanowski, Amos B Smith Iii, Kurt R Brunden, Carlo Ballatore
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex, multifactorial disease in which different neuropathological mechanisms are likely involved, including those associated with pathological tau and Aβ species, as well as neuroinflammation. In this context, the development of single multi-targeted therapeutics directed against two or more disease mechanisms could be advantageous. Starting from a series of 1,5-diarylimidazoles with microtubule (MT)-stabilizing activity and structural similarities with known NSAIDs, we conducted structure-activity relationship studies that led to the identification of multi-targeted prototypes with activities as MT-stabilizing agents and/or inhibitors of the cyclooxygenase (COX) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) pathways...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529891/biomonitorization-of-iron-accumulation-in-the-substantia-nigra-from-lewy-body-disease-patients
#3
Belén Fernández, Isidro Ferrer, Fernando Gil, Sabine Hilfiker
Iron levels in the healthy human brain are known to be high in certain areas such as the substantia nigra (SN), and increase further with age. In addition, there is some evidence for a further increase in iron load in the SN of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients as compared to controls, which correlates with motor disability. Here, we have analyzed total iron levels in cells as well as mouse and human brain samples by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Our data indicate that iron load is more pronounced in cells with dopaminergic features...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529878/neuroimaging-in-pre-motor-parkinson-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Thomas R Barber, Johannes C Klein, Clare E Mackay, Michele T M Hu
The process of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease begins long before the onset of clinical motor symptoms, resulting in substantial cell loss by the time a diagnosis can be made. The period between the onset of neurodegeneration and the development of motoric disease would be the ideal time to intervene with disease modifying therapies. This pre-motor phase can last many years, but the lack of a specific clinical phenotype means that objective biomarkers are needed to reliably detect prodromal disease...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529827/deviant-lysosomal-ca-2-signalling-in-neurodegeneration-an-introduction
#5
Sandip Patel
Lysosomes are key acidic Ca(2+) stores. The principle Ca(2+)-permeable channels of the lysosome are TRP mucolipins (TRPMLs) and NAADP-regulated two-pore channels (TPCs). Recent studies, reviewed in this collection, have linked numerous neurodegenerative diseases to both gain and loss of function of TRPMLs/TPCs, as well as to defects in acidic Ca(2+) store content. These diseases span rare lysosomal storage disorders such as Mucolipidosis Type IV and Niemann-Pick disease, type C, through to more common ones such as Alzheimer and Parkinson disease...
June 1, 2016: Messenger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529475/fragile-x-associated-tremor-ataxia-syndrome-from-molecular-pathogenesis-to-development-of-therapeutics
#6
REVIEW
Ha Eun Kong, Juan Zhao, Shunliang Xu, Peng Jin, Yan Jin
Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a premutation CGG repeat expansion (55-200 repeats) within the 5' UTR of the fragile X gene (FMR1). FXTAS is characterized by intension tremor, cerebellar ataxia, progressive neurodegeneration, parkinsonism and cognitive decline. The development of transgenic mouse and Drosophila melanogaster models carrying an expanded CGG repeat has yielded valuable insight into the pathophysiology of FXTAS. To date, we know of two main molecular mechanisms of this disorder: (1) a toxic gain of function of the expanded CGG-repeat FMR1 mRNA, which results in the binding/sequestration of the CGG-binding proteins; and (2) CGG repeat-associated non-AUG-initiated (RAN) translation, which generates a polyglycine peptide toxic to cells...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529316/pharmacological-modulation-of-autophagy-therapeutic-potential-and-persisting-obstacles
#7
REVIEW
Lorenzo Galluzzi, José Manuel Bravo-San Pedro, Beth Levine, Douglas R Green, Guido Kroemer
Autophagy is central to the maintenance of organismal homeostasis in both physiological and pathological situations. Accordingly, alterations in autophagy have been linked to clinically relevant conditions as diverse as cancer, neurodegeneration and cardiac disorders. Throughout the past decade, autophagy has attracted considerable attention as a target for the development of novel therapeutics. However, such efforts have not yet generated clinically viable interventions. In this Review, we discuss the therapeutic potential of autophagy modulators, analyse the obstacles that have limited their development and propose strategies that may unlock the full therapeutic potential of autophagy modulation in the clinic...
May 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528956/brain-interference-revisiting-the-role-of-ifn%C3%AE-in-the-central-nervous-system
#8
REVIEW
S Monteiro, S Roque, F Marques, M Correia-Neves, J J Cerqueira
Interferon gamma (IFNγ) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine, first described as a secreted molecule capable of interfering with viral replication. Since then, numerous other important actions in the context of the immune response to invading pathogens (including those invading the brain) have been ascribed to this pleiotropic cytokine. Nevertheless, the precise role of IFNγ in neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, and its possible contribution to the regulation of normal brain function, remains enigmatic...
May 18, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528864/effects-of-collagen-microstructure-and-material-properties-on-the-deformation-of-the-neural-tissues-of-the-lamina-cribrosa
#9
A P Voorhees, N-J Jan, I A Sigal
It is widely considered that intraocular pressure (IOP)-induced deformation within the neural tissue pores of the lamina cribrosa (LC) contributes to neurodegeneration and glaucoma. Our goal was to study how the LC microstructure and mechanical properties determine the mechanical insult to the neural tissues within the pores of the LC. Polarized light microscopy was used to measure the collagen density and orientation in histology sections of three sheep optic nerve heads (ONH) at both mesoscale (4.4 μm) and microscale (0...
May 18, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528366/cdk5-mediated-phosphorylation-dependent-ubiquitination-and-degradation-of-e3-ubiquitin-ligases-gp78-accelerates-neuronal-death-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Qingzhi Wang, Fengjuan Jiao, Pei Zhang, Jianguo Yan, Zheng Zhang, Feng He, Qian Zhang, Zexi Lv, Xiang Peng, Hongwei Cai, Bo Tian
The molecular mechanisms responsible for the loss of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) remain obscure. Loss of function of E3 ubiquitin ligases is associated with mitochondria dysfunction, dysfunction of protein degradation, and α-synuclein aggregation, which are major contributors to neurodegeneration in PD. Recent research has thus focused on E3 ubiquitin ligase glycoprotein 78 (GP78); however, the role of GP78 in PD pathogenesis remains unclear. Notably, cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) controls multiple cellular events in postmitotic neurons, and CDK5 activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of PD...
May 20, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528122/probdnf-inhibits-proliferation-migration-and-differentiation-of-mouse-neural-stem-cells
#11
Jia-Yi Li, Jia Liu, Nimshitha Pavathuparambil Abdul Manaph, Larisa Bobrovskaya, Xin-Fu Zhou
ProBDNF, a precursor of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), is an important regulator of neurodegeneration, hippocampal long-term depression, and synaptic plasticity. ProBDNF and its receptors pan-neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR), vps10p domain-containing receptor Sortilin and tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) are expressed in neuronal and glial cells. The role of proBDNF in regulation of neurogenesis is not fully defined. This study aims to uncover the function of proBDNF in regulating the differentiation, migration and proliferation of mouse neural stem cells (NSCs) in vitro...
May 17, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527629/p62-sequestosome-1-knockout-delays-neurodegeneration-induced-by-drp1-loss
#12
Tatsuya Yamada, Yoshihiro Adachi, Toru Yanagawa, Miho Iijima, Hiromi Sesaki
Purkinje neurons, one of the largest neurons in the brain, are critical for controlling body movements, and the dysfunction and degeneration of these cells cause ataxia. Purkinje neurons require a very efficient energy supply from mitochondria because of their large size and extensive dendritic arbors. We have previously shown that mitochondrial division mediated by dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is critical for the development and survival of Purkinje neurons. Drp1 deficiency has been associated with one of the major types of ataxia: autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix Saguenay...
May 17, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527210/cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-and-clinical-progression-in-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#13
Steffen Wolfsgruber, Alexandra Polcher, Alexander Koppara, Luca Kleineidam, Lutz Frölich, Oliver Peters, Michael Hüll, Eckart Rüther, Jens Wiltfang, Wolfgang Maier, Johannes Kornhuber, Piotr Lewczuk, Frank Jessen, Michael Wagner
BACKGROUND: There is very limited data on the prevalence of abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their predictive value for clinical progression in memory clinic patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of abnormal CSF biomarkers of AD and their predictive value for clinical progression in memory clinic patients with SCD in comparison to patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from the same cohort...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527209/neuroimaging-and-its-relevance-to-understanding-pathways-linking-diabetes-and-cognitive-dysfunction
#14
Chris Moran, Richard Beare, Thanh Phan, Sergio Starkstein, David Bruce, Mizrahi Romina, Velandai Srikanth
Diabetes mellitus is associated with an elevated risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. Cerebrovascular disease and neurodegeneration are two major pathways that may explain the effect of diabetes on the brain and therefore deserve investigation. Neuroimaging provides an effective way to investigate the contribution of these pathways in vivo, guiding further mechanistic research and providing biomarkers for clinical correlation or interventional studies. In this paper, we present a narrative review of the state of play with neuroimaging evidence in studies of people with diabetes mellitus, how these data are useful in understanding mechanistic links between diabetes and brain impairment, and possible ways that the field may develop in the future...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527208/neuronal-expression-of-truncated-tau-efficiently-promotes-neurodegeneration-in-animal-models-pitfalls-of-toxic-oligomer-analysis
#15
Rostislav Skrabana, Branislav Kovacech, Peter Filipcik, Norbert Zilka, Santosh Jadhav, Tomas Smolek, Eva Kontsekova, Michal Novak
Animal models of neurodegeneration induced by neuronal expression of truncated tau protein emerge as an important tool for understanding the pathogenesis of human tauopathies and for therapy development. Here we highlight common features of truncated tau models and make a critical assessment of possible pitfalls in their analysis. Particularly, the amount of soluble tau oligomers, which are suspected to be neurotoxic agents participating on the spreading of pathology inside the brain, may be overestimated due to a post-lysis oxidative tau oligomerization...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527175/chorea-and-orofaciolingual-dystonia-in-a-40-year-old-male
#16
Lulup Kumar Sahoo, Kali Prasanna Swain, Ashok Kumar Mallick, Geeta Mohanty, Maheswar Samanta, Srikanta Kumar Sahoo
Neuroacanthocytosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders which result in progressive neurodegeneration, predominantly of the basal ganglia, and erythrocyte acanthocytosis. We report a case of neuroacanthocytosis with typical phenotype of choreoacanthocytosis. A 40 year male presented with features of chorea with orofaciolingual dystonia producing eating and speech difficulties. There were features of self mutilation in form of lip and tongue biting. Peripheral blood smear examination revealed acanthocytes in our patient...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527102/studies-of-environmental-risk-factors-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-and-a-phase-i-clinical-trial-of-l-serine
#17
Walter G Bradley, R X Miller, T D Levine, E W Stommel, P A Cox
β-N-Methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has been linked to Guam ALS/PDC and shown to produce neurodegeneration in vitro and in vivo (Drosophila, mice, rats, primates). BMAA misincorporation into neuroproteins produces protein misfolding and is inhibited by L-serine. Case-control studies in Northern New England indicate that living near to water-bodies with cyanobacterial blooms increases the risk of developing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The distribution of addresses of ALS cases in New Hampshire, Vermont, and Florida was compared to that of controls...
May 19, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527050/interplay-between-sirt-3-metabolism-and-its-tumor-suppressor-role-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
REVIEW
Serena De Matteis, Anna Maria Granato, Roberta Napolitano, Chiara Molinari, Martina Valgiusti, Daniele Santini, Francesco Giuseppe Foschi, Giorgio Ercolani, Umberto Vespasiani Gentilucci, Luca Faloppi, Mario Scartozzi, Giovanni Luca Frassineti, Andrea Casadei Gardini
Sirtuins (SIRT), first described as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent type III histone deacetylases, are produced by cells to support in the defense against chronic stress conditions such as metabolic syndromes, neurodegeneration, and cancer. SIRT-3 is one of the most studied members of the mitochondrial sirtuins family. In particular, its involvement in metabolic diseases and its dual role in cancer have been described. In the present review, based on the evidence of SIRT-3 involvement in metabolic dysfunctions, we aimed to provide an insight into the multifaceted role of SIRT-3 in many solid and hematological tumors with a particular focus on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
May 19, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527032/methylone-and-mdpv-activate-autophagy-in-human-dopaminergic-sh-sy5y-cells-a-new-insight-into-the-context-of-%C3%AE-keto-amphetamines-related-neurotoxicity
#19
Maria João Valente, Cristina Amaral, Georgina Correia-da-Silva, José Alberto Duarte, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Félix Carvalho, Paula Guedes de Pinho, Márcia Carvalho
Autophagy has an essential role in neuronal homeostasis and its dysregulation has been recently linked to neurotoxic effects of a growing list of psychoactive drugs, including amphetamines. However, the role of autophagy in β-keto amphetamine (β-KA) designer drugs-induced neurotoxicity has hitherto not been investigated. In the present study, we show that two commonly abused cathinone derivatives, 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone (methylone) and 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), elicit morphological changes consistent with autophagy and neurodegeneration, including formation of autophagic vacuoles and neurite retraction in dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526927/sodium-thiosulphate-attenuates-brain-inflammation-induced-by-systemic-lipopolysaccharide-administration-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#20
Gonzalo Acero, Miryam Nava Catorce, Ricardo González-Mendoza, Marco Antonio Meraz-Rodríguez, Luis Fernando Hernández-Zimbron, Roberto González-Salinas, Goar Gevorkian
It has been demonstrated that peripheral infections accompanied by neuroinflammation may modify brain development or affect normal brain aging and represent major risk factors for the development of neurological disorders. A wide range of synthetic and natural compounds with anti-inflammatory properties have been evaluated in animal models of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration as an adjuvant therapeutic strategy. In the present study we have demonstrated for the first time that sodium thiosulphate (STS), a known antidote approved for treatment of certain medical conditions, is capable of reducing brain inflammation caused by systemic LPS administration...
May 19, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
keyword
keyword
1393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"