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Radiology peer review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622136/american-college-of-radiology-accreditation-performance-metrics-reimbursement-and-economic-considerations-in-breast-mr-imaging
#1
REVIEW
Matthew F Covington, Catherine A Young, Catherine M Appleton
Accreditation through the American College of Radiology (ACR) Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging Accreditation Program is necessary to qualify for reimbursement from Medicare and many private insurers and provides facilities with peer review on image acquisition and clinical quality. Adherence to ACR quality control and technical practice parameter guidelines for breast MR imaging and performance of a medical outcomes audit program will maintain high-quality imaging and facilitate accreditation. Economic factors likely to influence the practice of breast MR imaging include cost-effectiveness, competition with lower-cost breast-imaging modalities, and price transparency, all of which may lower the cost of MR imaging and allow for greater utilization...
May 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602835/assessing-the-health-effects-associated-with-occupational-radiation-exposure-in-korean-radiation-workers-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Songwon Seo, Wan Young Lim, Dal Nim Lee, Jung Un Kim, Eun Shil Cha, Ye Jin Bang, Won Jin Lee, Sunhoo Park, Young Woo Jin
INTRODUCTION: The cancer risk of radiation exposure in the moderate-to-high dose range has been well established. However, the risk remains unclear at low-dose ranges with protracted low-dose rate exposure, which is typical of occupational exposure. Several epidemiological studies of Korean radiation workers have been conducted, but the data were analysed retrospectively in most cases. Moreover, groups with relatively high exposure, such as industrial radiographers, have been neglected...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587867/group-consensus-peer-review-in-radiation-oncology-commitment-to-quality
#3
W Neil Duggar, Rahul Bhandari, Chunli Claus Yang, Srinivasan Vijayakumar
BACKGROUND: Peer review, especially prospective peer review, has been supported by professional organizations as an important element in optimal Radiation Oncology practice based on its demonstration of efficacy at detecting and preventing errors prior to patient treatment. Implementation of peer review is not without barriers, but solutions do exist to mitigate or eliminate some of those barriers. METHODS: Peer review practice at our institution involves three key elements: new patient conference, treatment planning conference, and chart rounds...
March 27, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549211/role-of-viral-and-bacterial-pathogens-in-causing-pneumonia-among-western-australian-children-a-case-control-study-protocol
#4
Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Thomas L Snelling, Rachel West, Jurissa Lang, Tasmina Rahman, Meredith L Borland, Ruth Thornton, Lea-Ann Kirkham, Chisha Sikazwe, Andrew C Martin, Peter C Richmond, David W Smith, Adam Jaffe, Christopher C Blyth
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is the leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality globally. Introduction of the conjugate Haemophilus influenzae B and multivalent pneumococcal vaccines in developed countries including Australia has significantly reduced the overall burden of bacterial pneumonia. With the availability of molecular diagnostics, viruses are frequently detected in children with pneumonia either as primary pathogens or predispose to secondary bacterial infection. Many respiratory pathogens that are known to cause pneumonia are also identified in asymptomatic children, so the true contribution of these pathogens to childhood community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains unclear...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476935/outcomes-following-minimally-invasive-lateral-transpsoas-interbody-fusion-for-degenerative-low-grade-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Anshit Goyal, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Sandy Goncalves, Mohamad Bydon
A variety of surgical approaches have been described to treat low grade lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). Minimally invasive spinal fusion techniques were first introduced to minimize morbidities associated with invasive surgical treatments. Minimally invasive lateral transpsoas interbody fusion, also known as lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF), is a relatively new method of lumbar arthrodesis that avoids various approach related complications compared to its posterior and anterior counterparts...
April 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472259/feasibility-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-colorectal-surgery-in-the-acute-setting-the-laces-feasibility-trial-protocol
#6
Deena Harji, Helen Marshall, Katie Gordon, Hannah Crow, Victoria Hiley, Dermot Burke, Ben Griffiths, Catherine Moriarty, Maureen Twiddy, John L O'Dwyer, Azmina Verjee, Julia Brown, Peter Sagar
INTRODUCTION: Acute colorectal surgery forms a significant proportion of emergency admissions within the National Health Service. There is limited evidence to suggest minimally invasive surgery may be associated with improved clinical outcomes in this cohort of patients. Consequently, there is a need to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery in the acute colorectal setting. However,emergency colorectal surgical trials have previously been difficult to conduct due to issues surrounding recruitment and equipoise...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467027/quality-of-reporting-of-outcomes-in-phase-iii-studies-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Laura Jayne Bonnett, Gie Ken-Dror, Geraint Rhys Davies
BACKGROUND: Despite more than 60 years of clinical trials, tuberculosis (TB) still causes a high global burden of mortality and morbidity. Treatment currently requires multiple drugs in combination, taken over a prolonged period. New drugs are needed to shorten treatment duration, prevent resistance and reduce adverse events. However, to improve on current methodology in drug development, a more complete understanding of the existing clinical evidence base is required. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken to summarise outcomes reported in phase III trials of patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary TB...
February 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446673/a-systematic-review-of-fatigue-in-radiology-is-it-a-problem
#8
Nadia Stec, Danielle Arje, Alan R Moody, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Pascal N Tyrrell
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review current literature regarding radiologist fatigue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed. Key words and Medical Subject Heading terms were used to generate refined queries with inclusion and exclusion criteria, focusing on fatigue and error. Results were selected according to these criteria: examined radiologist fatigue and radiologic error stemming from fatigue; experimental results measured as accuracy, error, or performance; and peer-reviewed publication...
February 15, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445846/prostatic-artery-embolization-for-benign-prostatic-obstruction-assessment-of-safety-and-efficacy
#9
REVIEW
Daniel Christidis, E Clarebrough, V Ly, M Perera, H Woo, N Lawrentschuk, D Bolton
PURPOSE: Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has seen a recent increase in interest as a treatment for men with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). The appeal of this intervention lies in reported reduction in morbidity and its minimally invasive nature. The purpose of this review is to assess the safety and efficacy of PAE as a new treatment in BPO and explore risks surrounding its performance. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed. Medical databases searched included PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, limited to English, peer-reviewed articles...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440159/multicentre-study-on-capsular-closure-versus-non-capsular-closure-during-hip-arthroscopy-in-danish-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-fai-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Christian Dippmann, Otto Kraemer, Bent Lund, Michael Krogsgaard, Per Hölmich, Martin Lind, Karen Briggs, Marc Philippon, Bjarne Mygind-Klavsen
INTRODUCTION: Hip arthroscopy has become a standard procedure in the treatment of hip joint pain not related to osteoarthritis or dysplasia in the young and active patient. There has been increasing focus on the contribution of the hip capsule to function and on stability following hip arthroscopy. It has been suggested that capsular closure after hip arthroscopy may prevent microinstability and macroinstability of the hip joint and reduce revision rate. However, it remains unknown whether capsular closure should be performed as a standard procedure when performing hip arthroscopies, especially in patients without additional risk factors for instability such as hypermobility or dysplasia of the hip...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426991/post-contrast-acute-kidney-injury-part-1-definition-clinical-features-incidence-role-of-contrast-medium-and-risk-factors-recommendations-for-updated-esur-contrast-medium-safety-committee-guidelines
#11
Aart J van der Molen, Peter Reimer, Ilona A Dekkers, Georg Bongartz, Marie-France Bellin, Michele Bertolotto, Olivier Clement, Gertraud Heinz-Peer, Fulvio Stacul, Judith A W Webb, Henrik S Thomsen
PURPOSE: The Contrast Media Safety Committee (CMSC) of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) has updated its 2011 guidelines on the prevention of post-contrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI). The results of the literature review and the recommendations based on it, which were used to prepare the new guidelines, are presented in two papers. AREAS COVERED IN PART 1: Topics reviewed include the terminology used, the best way to measure eGFR, the definition of PC-AKI, and the risk factors for PC-AKI, including whether the risk with intravenous and intra-arterial contrast medium differs...
February 9, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417249/post-contrast-acute-kidney-injury-part-2-risk-stratification-role-of-hydration-and-other-prophylactic-measures-patients-taking-metformin-and-chronic-dialysis-patients-recommendations-for-updated-esur-contrast-medium-safety-committee-guidelines
#12
Aart J van der Molen, Peter Reimer, Ilona A Dekkers, Georg Bongartz, Marie-France Bellin, Michele Bertolotto, Olivier Clement, Gertraud Heinz-Peer, Fulvio Stacul, Judith A W Webb, Henrik S Thomsen
OBJECTIVES: The Contrast Media Safety Committee (CMSC) of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) has updated its 2011 guidelines on the prevention of post-contrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI). The results of the literature review and the recommendations based on it, which were used to prepare the new guidelines, are presented in two papers. AREAS COVERED IN PART 2: Topics reviewed include stratification of PC-AKI risk, the need to withdraw nephrotoxic medication, PC-AKI prophylaxis with hydration or drugs, the use of metformin in diabetic patients receiving contrast medium and the need to alter dialysis schedules in patients receiving contrast medium...
February 7, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413742/current-evidence-regarding-the-diagnostic-methods-for-pediatric-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-report-from-the-scoliosis-research-society-evidence-based-medicine-committee
#13
Han Jo Kim, Charles H Crawford, Charles Ledonio, Shay Bess, A Noelle Larson, Marilyn Gates, Matthew Oetgen, James O Sanders, Douglas Burton
STUDY DESIGN: Structured literature review. OBJECTIVES: The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) requested an assessment of the current state of peer-reviewed evidence regarding pediatric lumbar spondylolisthesis with the goal of identifying what is known and what gaps remain in further understanding the diagnostic methods for pediatric spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spondylolisthesis in the lumbar spine is common among children and adolescents and no formal synthesis of the published literature regarding diagnostic methods has been previously performed...
March 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#14
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323555/practical-suggestions-on-how-to-move-from-peer-review-to-peer-learning
#15
Lane F Donnelly, David B Larson, Richard E Heller, Jonathan B Kruskal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to outline practical steps that a department can take to transition to a peer learning model. CONCLUSION: The 2015 Institute of Medicine report on improving diagnosis emphasized that organizations and industries that embrace error as an opportunity to learn tend to outperform those that do not. To meet this charge, radiology must transition from a peer review to a peer learning approach.
March 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317459/incidence-of-neonatal-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Cheryl Battersby, Tharsika Santhalingam, Kate Costeloe, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) rates in high-income countries published in peer-reviewed journals. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and PubMed databases for observational studies published in peer-reviewed journals. We selected studies reporting national, regional or multicentre rates of NEC in 34 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
March 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291453/climate-change-and-landscape-development-in-post-closure-safety-assessment-of-solid-radioactive-waste-disposal-results-of-an-initiative-of-the-iaea
#17
T Lindborg, M Thorne, E Andersson, J Becker, J Brandefelt, T Cabianca, M Gunia, A T K Ikonen, E Johansson, V Kangasniemi, U Kautsky, G Kirchner, R Klos, R Kowe, A Kontula, P Kupiainen, A-M Lahdenperä, N S Lord, D J Lunt, J-O Näslund, M Nordén, S Norris, D Pérez-Sánchez, A Proverbio, K Riekki, A Rübel, L Sweeck, R Walke, S Xu, G Smith, G Pröhl
The International Atomic Energy Agency has coordinated an international project addressing climate change and landscape development in post-closure safety assessments of solid radioactive waste disposal. The work has been supported by results of parallel on-going research that has been published in a variety of reports and peer reviewed journal articles. The project is due to be described in detail in a forthcoming IAEA report. Noting the multi-disciplinary nature of post-closure safety assessments, here, an overview of the work is given to provide researchers in the broader fields of radioecology and radiological safety assessment with a review of the work that has been undertaken...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248885/occupational-radiation-exposure-and-its-health-effects-on-interventional-medical-workers-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Seulki Ko, Hwan Hoon Chung, Sung Bum Cho, Young Woo Jin, Kwang Pyo Kim, Mina Ha, Ye Jin Bang, Yae Won Ha, Won Jin Lee
INTRODUCTION: Although fluoroscopically guided procedures involve a considerably high dose of radiation, few studies have investigated the effects of radiation on medical workers involved in interventional fluoroscopy procedures. Previous research remains in the early stages and has not reached a level comparable with other occupational studies thus far. Furthermore, the study of radiation workers provides an opportunity to estimate health risks at low doses and dose rates of ionising radiation...
December 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239834/do-residency-selection-factors-predict-radiology-resident-performance
#19
Vikas Agarwal, Gregory M Bump, Matthew T Heller, Ling-Wan Chen, Barton F Branstetter, Nikhil B Amesur, Marion A Hughes
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study is to determine what information in medical student residency applications predicts radiology residency success as defined by objective clinical performance data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of residents who entered our institution's residency program through the National Resident Matching Program as postgraduate year 2 residents and completed the program over the past 2 years...
March 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130789/the-evaluation-of-radiologic-methods-for-access-guidance-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
Alberto Breda, Angelo Territo, Cesare Scoffone, Christian Seitz, Thomas Knoll, Thomas Herrmann, Mariannhe Brehmer, Palle J S Osther, Evangelos Liatsikos
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the treatment of choice for larger and complex renal calculi. First step in performing PNL is to obtain access to the renal cavity using either fluoroscopy or ultrasound (US) guidance or a combination of both. Which guiding method to choose is controversial? A systematic review of the literature was performed comparing image guidance modalities for obtaining access in PNL. Evidence acquisition and synthesis: A PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane search for peer-reviewed studies was performed using the keywords "ultrasound" AND "fluoroscopy" AND "Percutaneous nephrolithotomy"...
November 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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