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Bone densitometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220063/preventive-care-screening-in-the-puerto-rican-geriatric-population-a-formative-evaluation-of-patient-knowledge
#1
Vanessa Sepúlveda-Rivera, Christian Donato-Santana, Gil Diaz-Vega
OBJECTIVE: This study was meant to be the first step in bridging a gap in the literature concerning Puerto Rican geriatric patients' levels of knowledge concerning 4 preventive care screening tests: mammography, bone densitometry, colonoscopy, and lipid panels. METHODS: Patients 65 years old and older were interviewed at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR), Medical Sciences Campus, primary care clinics. Fisher's exact test was used to assess knowledge status for each screening test...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215396/outcomes-of-corneal-cross-linking-correlate-with-cone-specific-lysyl-oxidase-expression-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#2
Rohit Shetty, Nimisha Rajiv Kumar, Natasha Pahuja, Rashmi Deshmukh, KrishnaPoojita Vunnava, Valsala Gopalakrishnan Abilash, Abhijit Sinha Roy, Arkasubhra Ghosh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation of visual and keratometry outcomes after corneal cross-linking (CXL) in patients with keratoconus with cone epithelium-specific gene expression levels. METHODS: Corneal epithelium was obtained from 35 eyes that underwent accelerated CXL (KXLII, 9 mW/cm for 10 min). Using corneal topography, epithelium over the cone and periphery was obtained separately from each subject. The ratio of gene expression for lysyl oxidase (LOX), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), bone morphogenic protein 7, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1, collagen, type I, alpha 1, and collagen, type IV, alpha 1 (COL IVA1) from the cone and peripheral cornea was correlated with the outcome of cross-linking surgery...
December 5, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203740/optical-density-of-upper-jaw-in-patients-with-malocclusion
#3
Vera D Kuroedova, Evheniy E Vyzhenko, Alexandra N Makarova, Ludmila B Galych, Tatyana A Chikor
INTRODUCTION: The growth and formation of facial skeleton is in interrelation with growth of cervical spine. Computer tomography plays an important role to examine and investigate the density of bony tissue resulting from total increase of osteopenic diseases and diseases of periodontal tissue. The aim of the paper is to compare indices of mineral density of bony tissue of the upper jaw and mineral density of the second cervical vertebra in patients with malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 37 orthodontic patients were involved in the investigation...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203343/wide-variation-in-organisation-and-clinical-practice-of-paediatric-intestinal-failure-teams-an-international-survey
#4
Esther Neelis, Barbara de Koning, Myriam van Winckel, Merit Tabbers, Susan Hill, Jessie Hulst
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to assess the current organisation and clinical practice of teams treating children with intestinal failure (IF) across Europe and compare the results with the current guideline. METHODS: A two-part online survey was sent to all the major European specialist IF services. The first part concerned general information about the team and patients monitored. The second part concerned important care topics such as vascular access and monitoring of complications...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200862/association-between-serum-cystatin-c-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adults
#5
Dongwon Yi, Ah Reum Khang, Hye Won Lee, Seok Man Son, Yang Ho Kang
Background: Serum cystatin C has been known as a novel marker of preclinical renal dysfunction, and higher cystatin C levels are associated with increased risks of hip and nonvertebral fractures. However, there are few reports on the association between serum cystatin C and bone mineral density (BMD), especially in the Asian population. We evaluated the association between cystatin C levels and BMD of the spine and hip in Korean adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 865 Korean adults (325 men and 540 women) who participated in a comprehensive medical examination program and underwent bone densitometry...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198430/correlation-between-mandibular-bone-density-and-skeletal-bone-density-in-a-catalonian-postmenopausal-population
#6
Albert Estrugo-Devesa, Juan Segura-Egea, Laia García-Vicente, Mayra Schemel-Suárez, Ándres Blanco-Carrrión, Enric Jané-Salas, José López-López
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if the mandible (MD) experiences reductions in bone mineral density (BMD) similar to the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) in a postmenopausal population. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 137 postmenopausal women underwent 3 types of densitometric examinations: LS, FN, and MD as measured in 3 regions (MD-R1, MD-R2, and MD-R3), as well as the entire mandible (MD-Net) using a dual photon bone X-ray densitometer. Densitometry of the LS and FN were performed according to the protocol of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry...
November 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197959/fractures-frequently-occur-in-older-cancer-patients-the-md-anderson-cancer-center-experience
#7
Beatrice J Edwards, Ming Sun, Xiaotao Zhang, Holly M Holmes, Juhee Song, Peter Khalil, Meghan Karuturi, Jay B Shah, Colin P Dinney, Robert F Gagel, Vicente Valero, Richard E Champlin, Debasish Tripathy, William A Murphy
PURPOSE AND INTRODUCTION: A growing number of cancer patients are older adults aged 65 years and older. Patients with cancer are at increased risk for developing osteoporosis, falls, and fractures. We sought to identify the incidence of fractures in older adults who underwent cancer care between January 2013 and December 2015. METHODS: A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed, and bone densitometry was measured at baseline, with a 2-year follow-up. RESULTS: In this study, among 304 patients with gastrointestinal, urologic, breast, lung, and gynecologic cancers we evaluated, and who completed the bone density testing (n = 199), 80% had osteoporosis or low bone mass (osteopenia)...
December 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152655/tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-1-expression-in-adults-with-non%C3%A2-traumatic-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#8
Jun Tao, Bin Dong, Li-Xin Yang, Ke-Qing Xu, Shuai Ma, Jun Lu
Non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (NONFH) is a common clinical osteoarthropathy. The present study aimed to investigate the association between transforming growth factor β1 (TGF‑β1) and NONFH. Femoral head specimens were collected from patients with NONFH. Patients with traumatic osteonecrosis served as the control. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was used to visualize the bone tissue architecture. Immunohistochemistry and densitometry were performed to quantify TGF‑β1 expression in tissues...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137893/advances-in-the-evaluation-of-bone-health-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#9
María José Pérez-Sáez, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Adolfo Díez-Pérez, Julio Pascual
Bone disease related to chronic kidney disease and, particularly, to kidney transplant patients is a common cause or morbidity and mortality, especially due to a higher risk of osteoporotic fractures. Despite the fact that this has been known for decades, to date, an appropriate diagnostic strategy has yet to be established. Apart from bone biopsy, which is invasive and scarcely used, no other technique is available to accurately establish the risk of fracture in kidney patients. Techniques applied to the general population, such as bone densitometry, have not been subjected to sufficient external validation and their use is not systematic...
November 11, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112186/connection-between-bone-remodeling-and-inflammatory-markers-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-relation-to-disease-severity
#10
Barbara Bromińska, Ewa Cyrańska-Chyrek, Barbara Kuźnar-Kamińska, Magdalena Kostrzewska, Hanna Winiarska, Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Ariadna Zybek-Kocik, Aleksandra Hernik, Elżbieta Wrotkowska, Zbigniew Krasiński, Marek Ruchała, Halina Batura-Gabryel
INTRODUCTION    There is growing evidence that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) influences both bone metabolism and structure. Chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40) is a novel inflammatory and remodeling marker, which was shown to increase in OSA. YKL-40 can probably alter the bone turnover.   OBJECTIVES    Assessment of a possible interplay between YKL-40 and bone turnover markers in patients with different stages of OSA. Evaluation of the relation among bone mass, OSA severity, and YKL-40 level. PATIENTS AND METHODS    The study is based on 72 male OSA patients divided into three groups according to disease severity using apnea-hypopnea index (AHI): OSA 1 n = 18 (5 ≤ AHI < 15), OSA 2 n = 25 (15 ≤ AHI < 30), OSA 3 n = 29 (AHI ≥ 30)...
November 7, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103946/the-relevance-of-osteoclastic-and-osteoblastic-activity-markers-follow-up-in-patients-on-antiresorptive-osteoporosis-treatment
#11
Tanja N Smilic, Tatjana R Novakovic, Snezana R Markovic-Jovanovic, Ljiljana L J Smilic, Javorka S Mitic, Miodrag L Radunovic
In general, markers of bone formation and markers of bone resorption are changing synergistically, so the monitoring of any osteoclastic and any osteoblastic marker should reflect the rate of bone transformation. The aim of the study is to monitor the bone metabolism markers in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and osteopenia along with the variations caused by the effects of bisphosphonate therapy. The study involved 55 women of average age of 57.95 years, with osteopenia or osteoporosis. The patients with osteoporosis were treated with bisphosphonates (75 mg once a week); the laboratory tests were performed before the treatment and 6 months later...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098345/professor-judith-elizabeth-adams-leading-skeletal-radiologist-and-expert-in-adult-and-paediatric-bone-densitometry
#12
EDITORIAL
K A Ward, Z Mughal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095530/professor-judith-elizabeth-adams-leading-skeletal-radiologist-and-expert-in-adult-and-pediatric-bone-densitometry
#13
Judith Elizabeth Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049519/association-of-bone-mineral-density-with-the-risk-of-intracranial-aneurysm
#14
Yong-Won Shin, Kyung-Il Park, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee, Kon Chu, Sang Kun Lee, Jae-Kyu Roh, Keun-Hwa Jung
Importance: Disruption of extracellular matrix integrity is critically involved in both intracranial aneurysm and bone fragility. Furthermore, both intracranial aneurysm and osteoporosis have a female predominance, and sex hormones are considered to affect this discrepancy. Objective: To evaluate the association between bone mineral density and intracranial aneurysm. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study conducted with 14 328 patients who underwent brain magnetic resonance angiography and bone mineral densitometry as a part of a health examination at a specialized center for comprehensive health examination in Seoul, the largest metropolitan area in the Republic of Korea, between December 2004 and November 2015...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044313/evaluation-of-the-anti-osteoporotic-effect-of-ginkgo-biloba-l-in-wistar-rats-with-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-by-bone-densitometry-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dexa-and-mechanical-testing
#15
Leda M F Lucinda, Beatriz J V Aarestrup, Maycon M Reboredo, Thais D A Pains, Raphael Z Chaves, João E P Reis, Mário J Q Louzada, Martha O Guerra
Evaluate the effect of the extract of Ginkgo biloba in the bone alkaline phosphatase, bone mineral density, in the mechanical properties of the tibia in rats with glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis. After osteoporosis induction, the rats were divided into five groups: Osteoporosis; EGb1 (28 mg/Kg); EGb2 (56 mg/Kg); alendronate (0.2 mg/animal) and control. The animals were treated during 20 and 30 days. The control group was compared with the osteoporosis's (Student's t-test), while the other were analyzed by ANOVA test followed by Tukey/Dunnett'T3 (p<0...
October 16, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038394/factors-associated-with-lumbar-and-femoral-bone-mineral-density-in-kidney-transplants-candidates
#16
Mohammad Aghighi, Mitra Mahdavi Mazdeh, Mohsen Nafar, Vahid Rakhshan
INTRODUCTION: Data on risk factors associated with low bone mineral density are limited in patients with end-stage renal disease. This study evaluated the factors deemed associated with lumbar and femoral Z and T scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and demographic data of 98 patients waiting for kidney transplantation were collected, as well as lumbar and femoral bone densitometries, before transplantation. Osteoporosis and osteopenia and factors associated with bone mineral density were assessed...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036996/-analysis-of-prevalence-and-related-factors-of-osteoporosis-in-retired-population-based-on-dongfeng-tongji-cohort
#17
H Yan, X Z Liu, Y Z Zhang, M A He, T C Wu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and related factors of osteoporosis among retired population in Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. Methods: 27 009 retired participants were recruited from Dongfeng Motor Corporation in Hubei Province in 2008 and followed up from April to October in 2013. newly retired participants also were recruited. Data were collected by using questionnaire, physical examination, serum hepatase detection and bone densitometry. Totally, 30 916 participants were included for data analysis after excluding participants with severe bone metabolic diseases, taking hormone drugs, incomplete follow-up data and who were under 45 years old...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034241/bone-mineral-density-after-weight-gain-in-160-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Najate Achamrah, Moïse Coëffier, Pierre Jésus, Jocelyne Charles, Agnès Rimbert, Pierre Déchelotte, Sébastien Grigioni
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a frequent complication in anorexia nervosa (AN). There are controversial points of views regarding the restoration of bone mineralization after recovery in AN. We aimed to assess changes of BMD at 3 years in patients with AN and to explore the relationships between body composition, physical activity, and BMD. Patients with AN were included from 2009 to 2011 in a first visit (T0) with evaluation of weight, height, body mass index (BMI), body composition [fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass], and BMD...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032291/impact-of-an-osteoporosis-specialized-unit-on-bone-health-in-breast-cancer-survivals-treated-with-aromatase-inhibitors
#19
Purificación Martínez, Elena Galve, Virginia Arrazubi, M Ángeles Sala, Seila Fernández, Clara E Pérez, Juan F Arango, Iñaki Torre
OBJECTIVE: Considering the increased fracture risk in early breast cancer patients treated with aromatase inhibitors (AI), we assessed the impact of a preventive intervention conducted by a specialized osteoporosis unit on bone health at AI treatment start. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of postmenopausal women who started treatment with AI after breast cancer surgical/chemotherapy treatment and were referred to the osteoporosis unit for a comprehensive assessment of bone health...
October 11, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018567/do-we-need-bone-mineral-density-to-estimate-osteoporotic-fracture-risk-a-10-year-prospective-multicentre-validation-study
#20
Andréa Marques, Raquel Lucas, Eugénia Simões, Suzanne M M Verstappen, Johannes W G Jacobs, Jose A P da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the performance of FRAX®, with and without bone mineral densitometry (BMD), in predicting the occurrence of fragility fractures over 10 years. METHODS: Participants aged ≥40 years at baseline, with a complete set of data and a minimum of 8.5 years of follow-up were identified from three cohorts (n=2626). Ten-year fracture risk at baseline were estimated with FRAX® and assessed by comparison with observed fractures and receiver operating characteristic analysis...
2017: RMD Open
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