keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bone densitometry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430497/evaluation-of-bone-mineral-density-in-perimenopausal-period
#1
Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi, Hamid Etemad Rezaie, Nasrin Milani, Farnaz Etemad Rezaie, Ali Etemad Rezaie
Background: The menopausal transition called perimenopause, happens after the reproductive years, and is specified with irregular menstrual cycles, perimenopause symptoms and hormonal changes. Women going through peri menopausal period are vulnerable to bone loss . Osteoporosis is one of the most common debilitating metabolic bone diseases, especially in the women almost around 50 years. This study was intended to evaluate the prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis amongst asymptomatic individuals during the menopause transition period...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400685/bone-mineral-density-and-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-patients-with-idiopathic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#2
Chan Joo Yang, Yehree Kim, Hwan Seo Lee, Hong Ju Park
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D with the occurrence and recurrence of BPPV. The records of 130 idiopathic BPPV patients (55±12 years old, 30 men and 100 women) and 130 age- and sex-matched controls who underwent bone mineral densitometry between April 2012 and September 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. We compared the BMD and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D between the patients and controls, and also compared the BMD between recurrent and non-recurrent BPPV groups...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396318/treatment-of-enucleated-odontogenic-jaw-cysts-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Mayte Buchbender, Friedrich W Neukam, Rainer Lutz, Christian M Schmitt
OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we aimed to assess the impact of filling or not filling enucleated odontogenic jaw cysts on bony defect consolidation. In terms of filling, we aimed to assess which is the best filling material based on current evidence. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE databases with the logical operators: "odontogenic cysts" AND "jaw cysts" AND "treatment AND therapy." RESULTS: Thirteen studies with primary enucleation (6 with filling and 7 without filling) were included...
December 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380906/osteoporotic-alterations-in-a-group-of-different-ethnicity-brazilian-postmenopausal-women-an-observational-study
#4
Luciana Munhoz, Eduardo M Aoki, Arthur R G Cortes, Cláudio F de Freitas, Emiko S Arita
OBJECTIVES: To compare peripheral bone mineral density alterations among Brazilian postmenopausal women from three ethnic groups considering age and body mass index influence; to correlate their bone mineral density with the mandibular cortical index (MCI); and to evaluate the influence of age, body mass index and ethnicity in the MCI using risk factor analysis. BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis risk is known to have ethical influences. However, little is known about the differences in ethnicity in radiomorphometric indices...
January 30, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354162/pitfalls-in-interpreting-interventional-studies-for-osteoporosis
#5
REVIEW
Mohammad Shafi Kuchay, Beena Bansal, Ambrish Mithal
After adulthood, changes in the skeleton are slow and takes years for accruing or losing any appreciable amount of bone mass. Proper interpretation of studies that evaluate the effect of nutrients (like calcium, vitamin D) and anti-resorptive agents (like bisphosphonates) on bone mass is important so that the true effect of the agent is measured correctly. In this report, we are highlighting two issues of utmost importance for correctly interpreting interventional studies for osteoporosis. One issue is the bone remodelling transient (BRT)...
September 2017: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350509/measuring-overuse-with-electronic-health-records-data
#6
Thomas Isaac, Meredith B Rosenthal, Carrie H Colla, Nancy E Morden, Alexander J Mainor, Zhonghe Li, Kevin H Nguyen, Elizabeth A Kinsella, Thomas D Sequist
OBJECTIVES: To measure overuse of low-value care using electronic health record (EHR) data and manual chart review and to evaluate whether certain low-value services are better captured using EHR data. STUDY DESIGN: We implemented algorithms to extract performance on 13 Choosing Wisely-identified healthcare services using EHR data at a large physician practice group between 2011 and 2013. METHODS: We calculated rates of overuse using automated EHR extracts...
January 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345841/effects-of-high-impact-exercise-on-the-physical-properties-of-bones-of-ovariectomized-rats-fed-to-a-high-protein-diet
#7
Roberta Carminati Shimano, Gabriela Rezende Yanagihara, Ana Paula Macedo, Jessica Suzuki Yamanaka, Antônio Carlos Shimano, João Manuel R S Tavares, João Paulo Mardegan Issa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of high-impact physical exercise as a prophylactic and therapeutic means in osteopenic bones of rats submitted to ovariectomy and protein diet intake. A total of 64 Wistar rats were divided into eight groups (n=8 each), being: OVX, ovx, standard diet and sedentary; OVXE, ovx, standard diet and jump; OVXP, ovx, high-protein diet and sedentary; and OVXEP, ovx, high-protein diet and jump; SH, sham, standard diet and sedentary; SHE, sham, standard diet and jump; SHP, sham, high-protein diet and sedentary; and SHEP, sham, high-protein-diet and jump...
January 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329765/usefulness-of-the-trabecular-bone-score-for-assessing-the-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture
#8
L Redondo, E Puigoriol, J R Rodríguez, P Peris, E Kanterewicz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The trabecular bone score (TBS) is an imaging technique that assesses the condition of the trabecular microarchitecture. Preliminary results suggest that TBS, along with the bone mineral density assessment, could improve the calculation of the osteoporotic fracture risk. The aim of this study was to analyse TBS values and their relationship with the clinical characteristics, bone mineral density and history of fractures of a cohort of posmenopausal women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed 2,257 posmenopausal women from the FRODOS cohort, which was created to determine the risk factors for osteoporotic fracture through a clinical survey and bone densitometry with vertebral morphometry...
January 9, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322017/clinical-profile-and-long-term-follow-up-of-32-patients-with-postoperative-permanent-hypoparathyroidism
#9
Leyre Lorente-Poch, Juan J Sancho, Leticia Carballo, Antonio Sitges-Serra
Background: Parathyroid failure is the most common complication after total thyroidectomy but permanent impairment of the parathyroid function is unusual. Limited data is available assessing long-term follow-up, quality of life and complications occurring in patients with permanent hypoparathyroidism (PH). We aimed to assess the incidence of complications derived from PH status, their influence on the quality of life perceived by PH patients and its relation to standard medical treatment with calcium salts and active vitamin D analogues...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307094/diet-and-exercise-changes-following-bone-densitometry-in-the-patient-activation-after-dxa-result-notification-paadrn-study
#10
Douglas W Roblin, Peter Cram, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Sylvie F Hall, Michael P Jones, Kenneth G Saag, Nicole C Wright, Fredric D Wolinsky
Calcium and vitamin D intake and exercise are suboptimal among older adults. Following bone densitometry, a letter communicating individualized fracture risk accompanied by an educational brochure improved participants' lifestyle-but no more than existing communication strategies-over 52 weeks. Simple communication strategies are insufficient for achieving optimal levels of bone health behaviors. PURPOSE: The Patient Activation After DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) study was designed to evaluate whether a letter with individualized fracture risk and an educational brochure mailed to patients soon after their DXA might improve bone health behaviors (daily calcium intake, vitamin D supplementation, and weekly exercise sessions) compared to slower, less individualized communication characterizing usual care...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306499/an-alternative-treatment-for-osteoporotic-su-type-iii-periprosthetic-supracondylar-femur-fractures-double-locking-plate-fixation
#11
Hakan Çiçek, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hasan Ulaş Oğur, Fırat Seyfettinoğlu, Murat Bozkurt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Su Type III fractures based on total knee arthroplasty (TKA) constitute a patient group with problematic treatment and management. Although it has difficulties, open reduction and internal fixation is one of the treatment options. METHOD: A retrospective evaluation was made of 22 patients surgically treated in our clinic with double locking, low contact titanium plate and screw for a Su Type III periprosthetic fracture based on TKA. The patients were evaluated with bone mineral densitometry, postoperative Knee Society Score (KSS), WOMAC and radiological evaluations...
January 3, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282548/the-qualyor-qualit%C3%A3-osseuse-lyon-orl%C3%A3-ans-study-a-new-cohort-for-non-invasive-evaluation-of-bone-quality-in-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-rationale-and-study-design
#12
Roland Chapurlat, Jean-Baptiste Pialat, Blandine Merle, Elisabeth Confavreux, Florence Duvert, Elisabeth Fontanges, Farida Khacef, Sylvie Loiseau Peres, Anne-Marie Schott, Eric Lespessailles
The diagnostic performance of densitometry is inadequate. New techniques of non-invasive evaluation of bone quality may improve fracture risk prediction. Testing the value of these techniques is the goal of the QUALYOR cohort. INTRODUCTION: The bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal women who sustain osteoporotic fracture is generally above the World Health Organization definition for osteoporosis. Therefore, new approaches to improve the detection of women at high risk for fracture are warranted...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276732/normocalcemic-primary-hyperparathyroidism-associated-with-progressive-cortical-bone-loss-a-case-report
#13
Joseph R Tucci
The existence of normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (NPHP) was acknowledged at the Third and Fourth International Proceedings on primary hyperparathyroidism PHPT but data relating to its clinical presentation, natural history, and skeletal status were limited and there was no information nor guidelines as to definitive therapy. Herein are reported biochemical, hormonal, and densitometry data in a postmenopausal woman seen initially for osteoporosis who was found to have increased serum PTH levels and normal serum total and ionized calcium levels without evidence of secondary hyperparathyroidism...
December 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260289/abaloparatide-a-novel-pth-receptor-agonist-increased-bone-mass-and-strength-in-ovariectomized-cynomolgus-monkeys-by-increasing-bone-formation-without-increasing-bone-resorption
#14
N Doyle, A Varela, S Haile, R Guldberg, P J Kostenuik, M S Ominsky, S Y Smith, G Hattersley
Abaloparatide, a novel PTH1 receptor agonist, increased bone formation in osteopenic ovariectomized cynomolgus monkeys while increasing cortical and trabecular bone mass. Abaloparatide increased bone strength and maintained or enhanced bone mass-strength relationships, indicating preserved or improved bone quality. INTRODUCTION: Abaloparatide is a selective PTH1R activator that is approved for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The effects of 16 months of abaloparatide administration on bone formation, resorption, density, and strength were assessed in adult ovariectomized (OVX) cynomolgus monkeys (cynos)...
December 19, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236797/nandrolone-decanoate-appears-to-increase-bone-callus-formation-in-young-adult-rats-after-a-complete-femoral-fracture
#15
Ana Paula Franttini Garcia Moreno Guimarães, Mariana Maloste Butezloff, Ariane Zamarioli, João Paulo Mardegan Issa, José Batista Volpon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of nandrolone decanoate on fracture healing and bone quality in normal rats. METHODS: Male rats were assigned to four groups (n=28/group): Control group consisting of animals without any intervention, Nandrolone decanoate (DN) group consisting of animals that received intramuscular injection of nandrolone decanoate, Fracture group consisting of animals with a fracture at the mid-diaphysis of the femur, and Fracture and nandrolone decanoate group consisting of animals with a femur fracture and treatment with nandrolone decanoate...
November 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220063/preventive-care-screening-in-the-puerto-rican-geriatric-population-a-formative-evaluation-of-patient-knowledge
#16
Vanessa Sepúlveda-Rivera, Christian Donato-Santana, Gil Diaz-Vega
OBJECTIVE: This study was meant to be the first step in bridging a gap in the literature concerning Puerto Rican geriatric patients' levels of knowledge concerning 4 preventive care screening tests: mammography, bone densitometry, colonoscopy, and lipid panels. METHODS: Patients 65 years old and older were interviewed at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR), Medical Sciences Campus, primary care clinics. Fisher's exact test was used to assess knowledge status for each screening test...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215396/outcomes-of-corneal-cross-linking-correlate-with-cone-specific-lysyl-oxidase-expression-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#17
Rohit Shetty, Nimisha Rajiv Kumar, Natasha Pahuja, Rashmi Deshmukh, KrishnaPoojita Vunnava, Valsala Gopalakrishnan Abilash, Abhijit Sinha Roy, Arkasubhra Ghosh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation of visual and keratometry outcomes after corneal cross-linking (CXL) in patients with keratoconus with cone epithelium-specific gene expression levels. METHODS: Corneal epithelium was obtained from 35 eyes that underwent accelerated CXL (KXLII, 9 mW/cm for 10 min). Using corneal topography, epithelium over the cone and periphery was obtained separately from each subject. The ratio of gene expression for lysyl oxidase (LOX), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), bone morphogenic protein 7, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1, collagen, type I, alpha 1, and collagen, type IV, alpha 1 (COL IVA1) from the cone and peripheral cornea was correlated with the outcome of cross-linking surgery...
December 5, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203740/optical-density-of-upper-jaw-in-patients-with-malocclusion
#18
Vera D Kuroedova, Evheniy E Vyzhenko, Alexandra N Makarova, Ludmila B Galych, Tatyana A Chikor
INTRODUCTION: The growth and formation of facial skeleton is in interrelation with growth of cervical spine. Computer tomography plays an important role to examine and investigate the density of bony tissue resulting from total increase of osteopenic diseases and diseases of periodontal tissue. The aim of the paper is to compare indices of mineral density of bony tissue of the upper jaw and mineral density of the second cervical vertebra in patients with malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 37 orthodontic patients were involved in the investigation...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203343/wide-variation-in-organisation-and-clinical-practice-of-paediatric-intestinal-failure-teams-an-international-survey
#19
Esther Neelis, Barbara de Koning, Myriam van Winckel, Merit Tabbers, Susan Hill, Jessie Hulst
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to assess the current organisation and clinical practice of teams treating children with intestinal failure (IF) across Europe and compare the results with the current guideline. METHODS: A two-part online survey was sent to all the major European specialist IF services. The first part concerned general information about the team and patients monitored. The second part concerned important care topics such as vascular access and monitoring of complications...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200862/association-between-serum-cystatin-c-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adults
#20
Dongwon Yi, Ah Reum Khang, Hye Won Lee, Seok Man Son, Yang Ho Kang
Background: Serum cystatin C has been known as a novel marker of preclinical renal dysfunction, and higher cystatin C levels are associated with increased risks of hip and nonvertebral fractures. However, there are few reports on the association between serum cystatin C and bone mineral density (BMD), especially in the Asian population. We evaluated the association between cystatin C levels and BMD of the spine and hip in Korean adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 865 Korean adults (325 men and 540 women) who participated in a comprehensive medical examination program and underwent bone densitometry...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
keyword
keyword
13925
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"