keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low Pressure Headache

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830325/efficacy-complications-and-cost-of-surgical-interventions-for-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Aristotelis V Kalyvas, Mark Hughes, Christos Koutsarnakis, Demetrios Moris, Faidon Liakos, Damianos E Sakas, George Stranjalis, Ioannis Fouyas
BACKGROUND: To define the efficacy, complication profile and cost of surgical options for treating idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) with respect to the following endpoints: vision and headache improvement, normal CSF pressure restoration, papilloedema resolution, relapse rate, operative complications, cost of intervention and quality of life. METHODS: A systematic review of the surgical treatment of IIH was carried out. Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were systematically searched from 1985 to 2014 to identify all relevant manuscripts written in English...
November 9, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716387/extreme-hypernatremia-as-a-probable-cause-of-fatal-arrhythmia-a-case-report
#2
Maulee Hiromi Arambewela, Noel P Somasundaram, Chaminda Garusinghe
BACKGROUND: Hypernatremia is a frequent occurrence among hospitalized patients. Severe hypernatremia is associated with mortality rates of over 60 %. Extreme hypernatremia, defined as sodium levels >190 mmol/l, is a rare occurrence. The literature on electrocardiographic changes occurring with this degree of hypernatremia is extremely scarce. We report the case of an 11-year-old Sri Lankan girl who presented with sodium levels of 226 mmol/l following infusion with 3 % hypertonic saline who developed diffuse QT prolongation leading to fatal ventricular tachycardia...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694537/microangiopathic-antiphospholipid-antibody-associated-syndrome-in-a-pregnant-lady
#3
G S Kew, J Cho, A Lateef
We describe a gravid 37-year-old Chinese lady with known triple positive primary antiphospholipid syndrome with previous recurrent deep vein thrombosis and early spontaneous miscarriages. She was managed with low-molecular weight heparin, aspirin, hydroxychloroquine, prednisolone and monthly intravenous immunoglobulin.She presented with recurrent per-vaginal bleeding at 22 weeks of gestation and was found to have abruptio placentae. Anti-coagulation was held off. She subsequently delivered a stillborn at 24 weeks and anti-coagulation was restarted...
October 1, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690252/octreotide-the-iih-therapy-beyond-weight-loss-carbonic-anhydrase-inhibitors-lumbar-punctures-and-surgical-interventional-treatments
#4
Patrick M House, Stefan R G Stodieck
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by elevated intracranial pressure without a space-occupying cerebral lesion, venous sinus thrombosis or hydrocephalus and with normally composited cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Main symptoms are headache, sight disturbances and potential visual impairment. Weight loss, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, lumbar punctures with CSF drain, CSF shunting, optic nerve sheath fenestration, and venous sinus stenting are common IIH therapies...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638077/meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#5
J M Espinosa-Sanchez, J A Lopez-Escamez
Menière's disease (MD) is a chronic multifactorial disorder of the inner ear characterized by episodic vestibular symptoms associated with sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural pressure. Epidemiologic and genomic evidence supports a genetic susceptibility with multiple biochemical pathways involved, including the endocrine system, innate immune response, and autonomic nervous system. Allergens, infectious agents, vascular events, or genetic factors could modify inner-ear homeostasis and trigger MD...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636856/safety-and-durability-of-effect-with-long-term-open-label-droxidopa-treatment-in-patients-with-symptomatic-neurogenic-orthostatic-hypotension-noh303
#6
Stuart Isaacson, Holly A Shill, Steven Vernino, Adam Ziemann, Gerald J Rowse
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) is associated with insufficient norepinephrine release in response to postural change. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety and durability of efficacy of the norepinephrine precursor droxidopa in patients with symptomatic nOH. METHODS: This multinational study consisted of 3 sequential phases: a 3-month open-label droxidopa treatment phase followed by a 2-week double-blind, placebo-controlled withdrawal phase, and a 9-month open-label extension phase in which all patients received droxidopa...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621920/treatment-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypotension-with-tea-a-case-report
#7
Peyman Petramfar, S Saeed Mohammadi, Farideh Hosseinzadeh
INTRODUCTION: The syndrome of spontaneous intracranial hypotension has been increasingly diagnosed since its discovery through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is a rare syndrome that is due to the leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from a tear in the dura and can occur at any age, even among adolescents, but is most frequently seen among females in late middle age. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we describe a 32-year-old woman with a two-month history of headaches and occasional nausea and vomiting (N/V)...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619551/cavum-septi-pellucidi-cysts-a-survey-about-clinical-indications-and-surgical-management-strategies
#8
Gianpiero Tamburrini, Pier Paolo Mattogno, Ganaselingham Narenthiran, Massimo Caldarelli, Concezio Di Rocco
INTRODUCTION: Cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) cysts have a very low incidence (0.04%). Symptomatic patients usually present aspecific symptoms. For this reason, the management of these patients is still debated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected the case of a ten year old patient, with a clinical history of frontal morning headaches and difficulty in concentration. Brain MRI documented a septum pellucidum cyst and a moderate biventricular dilation. We submitted the case, and a questionnaire concerning indications to surgery and management options to an international group of 54 pediatric neurosurgeons, analyzing the results and comparing them with the current literature...
September 13, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537577/the-effect-of-alogliptin-on-pulmonary-function-in-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-inadequately-controlled-by-metformin-monotherapy
#9
He Tai, Ming-Yue Wang, Yue-Ping Zhao, Ling-Bing Li, Qian-Yan Dong, Xin-Guang Liu, Jin-Song Kuang
BACKGROUND: To observe the effect of alogliptin combined with metformin on pulmonary function in obese patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled by metformin monotherapy (500 mg, bid po, for at least 3 months), and evaluate its efficacy and safety. METHODS: After a 2-week screening period, adult patients (aged 36-72 years) entered a 4-week run-in/stabilization period. Then, patients were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (n = 55) or the control group (n = 50) for 26 weeks...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489061/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-pres-as-a-complication-of-guillain-barre-syndrome-gbs
#10
Sumaira Nabi, Haris Majid Rajput, Mazhar Badshah, Shahzad Ahmed
A 17-year-old Pakistani female patient presented with acute onset flaccid quadriparesis with nerve conduction studies showing demyelinating polyneuropathy consistent with Guillain-Barre' syndrome. She was treated with 4 plasmapheresis sessions. She developed raised blood pressure, headache, visual loss and generalised seizures on the 13th day of admission. MRI of the brain on contrast showed findings of altered signals low on T1-weighted image, high on T2-weighted image and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery in the white matter of bilateral occipital, parietal and right frontal lobe consistent with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366259/interhemispheric-transcallosal-transforaminal-approach-and-its-variants-to-colloid-cyst-of-third-ventricle-technical-issues-based-on-a-single-institutional-experience-of-297-cases
#11
Suresh Nair, C V Gopalakrishnan, Girish Menon, H V Easwer, Mathew Abraham
CONTEXT: Colloid cysts are benign intracranial lesions that usually involve the anterior third ventricle with varying appearance on imaging studies. The number of articles debating the origin of this tumor is surpassed by papers proposing the best modality available for its treatment. AIM: The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical presentation and surgical outcome of colloid cysts surgically managed over a period of thirty-two years and evaluate the technical issues based on our experience...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307797/multiple-sclerosis-and-primary-vascular-dysregulation-flammer-syndrome
#12
Katarzyna Konieczka, Simone Koch, Tatjana Binggeli, Andreas Schoetzau, Juerg Kesselring
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the CNS of still unknown aetiology. Flammer syndrome (FS) encompasses a set of symptoms and signs that are primarily but not solely related to the dysregulation of blood vessels. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether FS symptoms occur more often in MS patients than in controls. METHODS: Fifty-eight MS patients and 259 controls answered a questionnaire covering 15 symptoms and signs of FS...
2016: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303109/successful-steroid-treatment-of-coma-induced-by-severe-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension
#13
Shunsaku Goto, Tomotaka Ohshima, Taiki Yamamoto, Shinji Shimato, Toshihisa Nishizawa, Kyozo Kato
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a syndrome characterized by low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and postural headaches. It is a rare condition which may sometimes present with severe symptoms such as stupor or coma. The standard treatment protocol includes conservative measures such as bed rest, hydration, and steroids. However, severe cases may require invasive measures such as epidural blood patch (EBP), continuous epidural saline infusion, epidural fibrin glue, or surgical repair of the dural defect...
May 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278058/-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-and-marfan-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
A Apetroae, T Strenzke, A Ferbert, P D Schellinger
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is the most common complication in patients undergoing a lumbar puncture. A much rarer entity is headaches attributed to spontaneous (or idiopathic) low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure but the combination with a connective tissue disorder is even rarer. The first case of a patient with spontaneous intracranial hypotension and genetically established Marfan syndrome was published in 1995. This article describes the cases of two female patients who presented with postural headache...
August 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275656/juvenile-onset-normal-tension-glaucoma-from-chronic-recurrent-low-cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure
#15
Imran H Yusuf, Gokularaj Ratnarajan, Richard S Kerr, John F Salmon
INTRODUCTION: The evidence for low cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) as a key parameter in the pathogenesis of glaucoma is increasing. Primate models have demonstrated the onset normal tension glaucoma (NTG) from experimentally induced chronic intrathecal hypotension; an approach not possible in human subjects. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old man presented with a central scotoma in his left eye. He had undergone 8 CSF shunt revision procedures over a 25-year period secondary to recurrent low CSFP following surgical excision of a pinealoblastoma, aged 2...
August 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270150/-unilateral-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-after-ventriculo-peritoneal-shunt-for-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#16
Hiroyuki Sato, Takayuki Koizumi, Daisuke Sato, Shin Endo, Syunichi Kato
The patient, a 79-year-old man, experienced a Hunt & Kosnik grade IV subarachnoid hemorrhage, presenting with sudden-onset coma and severe left hemiplegia. We performed cranial clipping surgery for a ruptured aneurysm on the right middle cerebral artery the same day. Post-operative recovery proceeded smoothly, with gradual improvements in disturbed consciousness and left hemiplegia. Three weeks post-operation, CT revealed low-density areas in the right frontal and temporal lobe, believed to be due to subarachnoid hemorrhage, as well as hydrocephaly...
June 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160774/safety-of-regadenoson-in-patients-with-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
C Salgado-Garcia, A Jimenez-Heffernan, C Ramos-Font, J Lopez-Martin, E Sanchez-de-Mora, T Aroui, R Lopez-Aguilar, F Rivera-de-Los-Santos, C Ruiz-Frutos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety of regadenoson, a selective agonist of A2A adenosine receptors, combined with low-level exercise in subjects with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), referred for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). METHODS: We studied prospectively 12 male patients with severe COPD. Stress was 4min of low-level exercise with bolus injection of regadenoson (0.4mg) at 1.5min, followed by (99m)Tc-MPI agent injection. Demographics, medical history, lung medications, adverse events, oxygen saturation (SatO2), MPI findings for coronary artery disease (CAD), and changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), and heart rate (HR) were registered...
September 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149484/predictors-of-the-treatment-response-of-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-to-an-epidural-blood-patch
#18
Myong-Hwan Karm, Jae-Hyung Choi, Doohwan Kim, Jun Young Park, Hye Joo Yun, Jeong Hun Suh
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is characterized by postural headache because of low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radioisotope (RI) cisternography can be used to identify the site of a CSF leakage. Although autologous epidural blood patch (EBP) is a very effective treatment modality, some patients require a repeat autologous EBP. We investigated whether autologous EBP responses correlate with surrogate markers of quantitative findings.All cases of autologous EBP for SIH from January 2006 to December 2014 were enrolled...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963688/notes-from-the-field-lymphocytic-choriomeningitis-virus-meningoencephalitis-from-a-household-rodent-infestation-minnesota-2015
#19
Pamela Talley, Stacy Holzbauer, Kirk Smith, William Pomputius
On April 20, 2015, a female aged 15 years sought care at her pediatrician's office after 5 days of fever, myalgia, left parietal headache, and photophobia. A rapid influenza assay was negative, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and total white blood cell count were normal. She improved with symptomatic care at home, but returned to her pediatrician's office on April 28, reporting recurrence of her headache and photophobia and new onset of a stiff neck. She was admitted to the hospital, where she was febrile to 102...
March 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933431/cyclosporine-associated-leukoencephalopathy-in-a-case-of-sympathetic-ophthalmitis
#20
Mizuki Tagami, Atsushi Azumi
PURPOSE: Cyclosporine (CsA) is currently widely used as a primary immunosuppressive agent in ocular disease, particularly in severe uveitis. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a significant complication of CsA therapy. However, there are no reports of the occurrence of PRES in response to the treatment of uveitis in the ophthalmological area. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case with CsA-associated PRES. A 70-year-old woman with sympathetic ophthalmitis was treated with 50 mg/day of CsA for 1 week...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
13922
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"