keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anesthesia for vascular surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151335/comparison-of-tidal-volume-and-deep-breath-preoxygenation-techniquesundergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-effects-of-hemodynamicresponse-and-arterial-oxygenation
#1
Zafer Taş, Tülay Hoşten, Alparslan Kuş, Sevim Cesur, Neşe Türkyılmaz, Ahmet Arıkan, Zeynep Mine Solak
Background/aim: Different techniques exist for the preoxygenation of patients that will be operated on under general anesthesia. Preoxygenation with the deep breath (DB) method may affect cardiovascular stability, which is crucial for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of the 3 min TVB preoxygenation technique and 1 min 8DBs technique on hemodynamic response and arterial oxygenation in patients with normal ejection fraction that were scheduled for elective CABG surgery...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140967/near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-vascular-occlusion-test-for-predicting-clinical-outcome-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Ji-Hyun Lee, Young-Eun Jang, In-Kyung Song, Eun-Hee Kim, Hee-Soo Kim, Jin-Tae Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to determine the feasibility and utility of vascular occlusion test variables as measured by INVOS Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) in pediatric cardiac patients. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary children's hospital. PATIENTS: Children less than or equal to 8 years old who were scheduled for elective cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. INTERVENTIONS: A vascular occlusion test (3 min of ischemia and reperfusion) was performed on the calf at three time points: after induction of anesthesia (T0), during cardiopulmonary bypass (T1), and after sternal closure (T2)...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126769/cardiovascular-complications-in-head-neck-microvascular-flap-reconstruction-a-retrospective-risk-stratification-and-outcomes-assessment
#3
Naseem Ghazali, Steven Caldroney, Donita Dyalram, Joshua E Lubek
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence and predictors of cardiac complications (CC) in head & neck microvascular flap reconstruction. METHODS: A series of 216 microvascular flaps performed between 2012 and 2015 were analyzed using the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (CRCI) and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Multivariate regression analysis was undertaken for predictive factors of outcomes. RESULTS: Twenty patients developed CC (9.7%) with transient cardiac arrhythmia (6...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962579/effects-of-surgery-and-propofol-remifentanil-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-of-inflammation-alzheimer-s-disease-and-neuronal-injury-in-humans-a-cohort-study
#4
Andreas Pikwer, Markus Castegren, Sijal Namdar, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Niklas Mattsson
BACKGROUND: Surgery and anesthesia have been linked to postoperative cognitive disturbance and increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. It is not clear by which mechanisms this increased risk for cognitive disease is mediated. Further, amyloid β production has been suggested to depend on the sleep-wake cycle and neuronal activity. The aim of the present study was to examine if cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of a number of biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease-related processes, including amyloid β, neuronal injury, and inflammation, changed over time during intravenous anesthesia in surgical patients...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962117/nearly-asymptomatic-intracranial-capillary-hemangiomas-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Xiaoyu Xia, Haoju Zhang, Hongyan Gao, Yi Yang, Yiwu Dai, Yang Jiao, Jianghong He
The present study reported a nearly asymptomatic case of intracranial capillary hemangioma (ICHs), which are rare benign vascular tumors or tumor-like lesions. A 33-year-old female came to the hospital with a complaint of a slight but recurring morning headache concentrated in the left posterior occipital area. These headaches spontaneously resolved without any treatment. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass inside the left occipital lobe. The patient refused to undergo conservative observation at home and insisted on radical therapy...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899835/successful-treatment-with-microvascular-decompression-surgery-of-a-patient-with-hemiparesis-caused-by-vertebral-artery-compression-of-the-medulla-oblongata-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jibin Ren, Hongtao Sun, Yunfeng Diao, Xuegang Niu, Hang Wang, Zhengjun Wei, Fei Yuan
BACKGROUND: There are few reports on hemiparesis caused by vascular medullary compression, which can occur because of dolichoectasia of the vertebrobasilar arterial system. In this article, we report a case of vertebral artery compression of the medulla oblongata in a 67-year-old woman. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was hypertensive, and she developed hemiparesis and intermittent spasms over 5 years. These spasms had worsened during the last year. Cranial nerve magnetic resonance imaging showed compression of the medulla oblongata by the left vertebral artery...
September 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893702/risk-factors-associated-with-perioperative-myocardial-infarction-in-major-open-vascular-surgery
#7
Danielle C Sutzko, Elizabeth A Andraska, Andrea T Obi, Peter K Henke, Nicholas H Osborne
BACKGROUND: Among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, major vascular surgery is associated with a high risk of perioperative myocardial infarction (MI). Currently, there are no perioperative MI risk calculators accounting for intraoperative and postoperative risk factors in vascular surgery patients. We aimed to investigate specific risk factors for perioperative MI after major open vascular surgery to determine which patients are at highest risk of MI and the association of perioperative MI with perioperative transfusion...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890063/the-value-of-carotid-endarterectomy-as-a-learning-tool-for-trainees
#8
Laura Maria Cacioppa, Rodolfo Pini, Matteo Longhi, Andrea Vacirca, Enrico Gallitto, Gianluca Faggioli, Mauro Gargiulo, Andrea Stella
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) intervention needs a specific training and a sufficient learning curve to obtain optimal results in terms of outcome. A formative program was settled up in a single academic center to optimize training of standard CEA procedures. This study aims to evaluate the 11-year results of the teaching CEA program. METHODS: The trainees CEA teaching program is carried on during the 5-year vascular surgery residency period, and it is stratified as follows: learning theory and intervention assistance (minimum 50 procedures per year) in the first and second residency year; performing CEA as second operator in the third and fourth residency year (minimum 50 procedures per year); CEA execution as first operator with attending supervision in the last residency year...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887248/positive-impact-of-an-aortic-center-designation
#9
Adam Tanious, Mathew Wooster, Marcelo Giarelli, Paul A Armstrong, Brad Johnson, Karl A Illig, Bruce Zwiebel, Lawrence S Grundy, Robert Hooker, Christiano Caldeira, Martin A Back, Murray L Shames
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, we created a multidisciplinary Aortic Center with the collaboration of Vascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgery, Interventional Radiology, Anesthesia and Hospital Administration. We report the initial success of creating a Comprehensive Aortic Center. METHODS: All aortic procedures performed from January 1, 2015 until December 31, 2016 were entered into a prospectively collected database and compared with available data for 2014. Primary outcomes included the number of all aortic related procedures, transfer acceptance rate, transfer time, and proportion of elective/emergent referrals...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883778/examination-of-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-surgical-site-infections
#10
Slobodan Stanic, Janja Bojanic, Predrag Grubor, Biljana Mijovic, Veljko Maric
INTRODUCTION: Hospital-acquired infections (HAI) and surgical site infections (SSI) are a global public health problem. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of SSIs at the Surgical Clinics of the University Clinical Centre Banja Luka and to identify risk factors for the development of SSIs. METHODS: In order to determine the frequency of SSIs through the incidence compared to the patients operated at the Surgical Clinics of the University Clinical Centre Banja Luka, we conducted a prospective cohort study which encompassed 11...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872504/chondrocutaneous-preauricular-free-flap-for-reconstruction-of-nasal-defects-aided-by-interposition-vascular-graft
#11
Sangjun Yim, Seok-Chan Eun
INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction of a nose deformity with a full-thickness defect is not an easy procedure because the nose is highly noticeable, being located at the center of the face, and plays an important role in breathing. Esthetics and functionality are equally important. Local flap reconstruction is an option but it has limitations for reconstruction of large defects because of the following the scar and the deformity at the recipient site. Chondrocutaneous preauricular free flaps can be used to provide grafts with satisfactory esthetics...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836154/randomized-controlled-trial-of-moderate-hypothermia-versus-deep-hypothermia-anesthesia-on-brain-injury-during-stanford-a-aortic-dissection-surgery
#12
Xufang Sun, Hua Yang, Xinyu Li, Yue Wang, Chuncheng Zhang, Zhimin Song, Zhenxiang Pan
This study aimed to compare the effects of moderate versus deep hypothermia anesthesia for Stanford A aortic dissection surgery on brain injury. A total of 82 patients who would undergo Stanford A aortic dissection surgery were randomized into two groups: moderate hypothermia group (MH, n = 40, nasopharyngeal temperature 25 °C, and rectal temperature 28 °C) and deep hypothermia group (DH, n = 42, nasopharyngeal temperature 20 °C, and rectal temperature 25 °C). Different vascular replacement techniques including aortic root replacement, Bentall, and Wheat were used...
August 23, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802790/vascular-air-embolism-a-silent-hazard-to-patient-safety
#13
REVIEW
Sorin J Brull, Richard C Prielipp
PURPOSE: To narratively review published information on prevention, detection, pathophysiology, and appropriate treatment of vascular air embolism (VAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register and Google Scholar databases were searched for data published through October 2016. The Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database was queried for "air embolism" reports (years 2011-2016). RESULTS: VAE may be introduced through disruption in the integrity of the venous circulation that occurs during insertion, maintenance, or removal of intravenous or central venous catheters...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777716/research-priorities-in-subspecialty-palliative-care-policy-initiatives
#14
Lynn F Reinke, Diane E Meier
Palliative care demonstrably improves quality of life for the seriously ill in a manner that averts preventable health crises and their associated costs. Because of these outcomes, palliative care is now broadening its reach beyond hospitals, and hospice care for those near death, to patients and their families living in the community with chronic multimorbidities that have uncertain or long expected survival. In this article, we address research needed to enable policies supportive of palliative care access and quality, including changes in regulatory, accreditation, financing, and training approaches in the purview of policy makers...
August 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738862/impact-of-ischemic-preconditioning-on-surgical-treatment-of-brain-tumors-a-single-center-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#15
Arthur H A Sales, Melanie Barz, Stefanie Bette, Benedikt Wiestler, Yu-Mi Ryang, Bernhard Meyer, Martin Bretschneider, Florian Ringel, Jens Gempt
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ischemia is a frequent phenomenon in patients with brain tumors and is associated with postoperative neurological deficits and impaired overall survival. Particularly in the field of cardiac and vascular surgery, the application of a brief ischemic stimulus not only in the target organ but also in remote tissues can prevent subsequent ischemic damage. We hypothesized that remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) in patients with brain tumors undergoing elective surgical resection reduces the incidence of postoperative ischemic tissue damage and its consequences...
July 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673782/percutaneous-closure-of-periprosthetic-paravalvular-leaks-a-viable-alternative-to-surgery
#16
Ana Isabel Azevedo, Pedro Braga, Alberto Rodrigues, Lino Santos, Bruno Melica, José Ribeiro, Francisco Sampaio, Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho, Marlene Fonseca, Adelaide Dias, Vasco Gama Ribeiro
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Paravalvular leak (PVL) is a possible complication after prosthetic valve implantation. PVL can cause significant symptoms of congestive heart failure and/or hemolysis. Medical therapy is palliative and reoperation has a high mortality rate. Percutaneous transcatheter closure is a promising alternative for symptomatic patients at high surgical risk. We aim to review the efficacy and safety of percutaneous PVL closure in a consecutive series of patients referred to our center...
July 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671280/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-transsphenoidal-pituitary-surgery-an-analysis-of-inpatient-data
#17
Sei Y Chung, Michael J Sylvester, Varesh R Patel, Michael Zaki, Soly Baredes, James K Liu, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Although previous studies have reported increased perioperative complications among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients undergoing any surgery requiring general anesthesia, there is a paucity of literature addressing the impact of OSA on postoperative transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) complications. The aim of this study was to analyze postoperative outcomes in transsphenoidal pituitary surgery patients with OSA. Secondarily, we examined patient characteristics and comorbidities...
July 3, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604090/anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Naohiro Ohshita, Shoko Gamoh, Masahiko Kanazumi, Masahiro Nakajima, Yoshihiro Momota, Yasuo M Tsutsumi
A 54-year-old woman diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) at the age of 19 years was scheduled to undergo temporomandibular joint mobilization. She was currently in a remission phase from her MS but with persistent sequelae, including impaired eyesight and muscle weakness of the limbs. In addition, the blood vessels in her upper limbs were compromised by the formation of internal shunts secondary to vascular prosthesis replacements for plasma exchange therapy in MS. After a previous joint mobilization surgery, her temporomandibular joint developed adhesions with resultant trismus...
December 0: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587389/comparison-of-the-hemodynamics-and-dynamics-of-fluid-shift-of-ringer-s-solution-before-surgery-in-children-and-adults
#19
Guizhou Zhu, Yuhong Li, Guomei Ru, Qiannan Ding
The present study investigated the hemodynamics, vascular and extravascular volume expansion induced by infusion of lactated Ringer's solution in children and adults before surgery. This was a prospective randomized double-blind study. A total of 28 patients (14 children and 14 adult patients; American Society of Anesthesiology status I) scheduled for similar minor pelvic, anal rectal or lower limb surgery were recruited for the present study. All patients were administered with 10 ml/kg of lactated Ringer's solution at a constant rate over 20 min...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583731/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-vascular-surgery
#20
REVIEW
George C Galyfos, Georgios E Geropapas, Argiri Sianou, Fragiska Sigala, Konstantinos Filis
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delirium (PODE) remains a common complication after vascular surgery procedures although the exact pathogenesis remains unclear, mainly because of its multifactorial character. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate pooled data on potential risk factors for PODE in patients undergoing vascular surgery procedures. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted conforming to established criteria to identify eligible articles published from 1990 to 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
13918
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"