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Physician Assistant Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#1
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328232/learning-by-doing-the-md-pa-interprofessional-education-rural-rotation
#2
Ryan T Palmer, Curt Stilp
While much investment has gone into developing interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum for healthcare professional students, many of these efforts have focused on classroom rather than clinical environments. Implementing robust IPE experiences into clinical training is often complicated by obstacles such as differing rotating schedules and differing curricular requirements. The Combined Medical-Physician Assistant Student Rural Rotation (Med-PARR) at the Oregon Health and Science University takes a practical approach to these challenges...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#3
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301358/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-exploring-the-clinical-evidence
#4
Gretl Lam, Rocky Fontaine, Frank L Ross, Ernest S Chiu
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), its mechanisms, indications and safe applications based on clinical evidence. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
April 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298155/the-state-of-leadership-education-in-us-medical-schools-results-of-a-national-survey
#5
Sabrina M Neeley, Brian Clyne, Daniel Resnick-Ault
Over the past two decades, there have been increasing calls for physicians to develop the capabilities to lead health care transformation. Many experts and authors have suggested that leadership education should begin during medical school; however, little information exists regarding the presence or nature of undergraduate medical education leadership curricula in the USA. This study sought to determine the prevalence of formal leadership education in US undergraduate medical schools, as well as the delivery methods and degree of student participation...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290953/chief-of-residents-for-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-a-recipe-for-a-new-role-in-graduate-medical-education
#6
Kelly Ferraro, Randall Zernzach, Stephen Maturo, Christopher Nagy, Rebecca Barrett
INTRODUCTION: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC) is the largest group of residency programs in the Department of Defense. In an effort to provide improved Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QI/PS) training for its residents, SAUSHEC created the position of Chief of QI/PS for Residents in the academic year 2014-2015. The Chief of QI/PS for Residents was based in the Internal Medicine residency program but also assisted with SAUSHEC-wide QI/PS projects...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285480/pediatric-trauma-management-from-an-austere-prospective
#7
Joycelynn Gray, Derek R Linklater, James Johnston, Benjamin Donham
Pediatric trauma represents a notable proportion of casualties encountered by Combat medics, physician assistants, and physicians while in the deployed setting. Most of these resuscitation teams receive limited pediatric- specific training and suffer subsequent emotional stress due the perceived high-stakes nature of caring for gravely wounded children. Even when children survive long enough to arrive at combat support hospitals, there remain high risks for morbidity and mortality for many of them. There are numerous reports of the epidemiological characteristics of these pediatric patients, the common mechanisms of injury, the hospital lengths of stay, and calls for pediatric-specific equipment and specialist presence in-theatre...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283207/perceptions-of-caring-for-adolescents-with-eating-disorders-hospitalized-on-a-general-pediatric-unit
#8
Whitney Harken, Joan Maxwell, Margaret Hainline, Lauren Pollack, Cristine Roberts
PURPOSE: To describe the perceptions of inpatient pediatric hospitalist physicians (HPs), registered nurses (RNs), and care assistants (CAs) at a tertiary pediatric hospital regarding caring for children with eating disorders (EDs) who are hospitalized for medical stabilization. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using semi-structured individual interviews with aforementioned health care workers (HCWs) to explore their perspectives on caring for children/adolescents with EDs in relation to recent initiatives to transform their care...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281368/flexibility-in-individualized-competency-based-workplace-curricula-with-epas-analyzing-four-cohorts-of-physician-assistants-in-training
#9
Fraukje Wiersma, Josephine Berkvens, Olle Ten Cate
BACKGROUND: Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) were introduced as a principle for individualized physician assistant (PA) workplace curricula at the University of Applied Sciences (UAS) Utrecht in 2008. We studied how the focus on EPAs served the competency-based flexibility intention of the program. METHODS: We analyzed data of those 119 students who enrolled in the program 2010 through 2013, and completed the program before April 2016. We analyzed the number of EPAs per student at start and end of the program, number changed during training and the reasons for change...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265666/atrial-fibrillation
#10
Peter Zimetbaum
This issue provides a clinical overview of atrial fibrillation, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261391/feedback-and-assessment-tools-for-handoffs-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Joshua Davis, Catherine Roach, Cater Elliott, Matthew Mardis, Ellen M Justice, Lee Ann Riesenberg
BACKGROUND : Resident handoff communication skills are essential components of medical education training. There are no previous systematic reviews of feedback and evaluation tools for physician handoffs. OBJECTIVE : We performed a systematic review of articles focused on inpatient handoff feedback or assessment tools. METHODS : The authors conducted a systematic review of English-language literature published from January 1, 2008, to May 13, 2015 on handoff feedback or assessment tools used in undergraduate or graduate medical education...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255637/involuntary-processes-knowledge-base-of-health-care-professionals-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-upstate-south-carolina
#12
Sharon M Holder, Calvert Warren, Kenneth Rogers, Benjamin Griffeth, Eunice Peterson, Dawn Blackhurst, Christian Ochonma
The involuntary hospitalization law provides a means by which love ones, caregivers and healthcare professionals can intervene when a mentally ill patient is a danger to self or others. Our study assessed the knowledge of professionals in one of the Greenville Health System (GHS) emergency department (ED) about the involuntary hospitalization process of mental health patients in South Carolina (SC). An eight item survey on the South Carolina involuntary hospitalization and commitment process was developed and distributed to GHS ED staff including: physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers and technicians...
March 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254735/a-personal-electronic-health-record-study-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study-on-implementation-in-a-real-world-health-care-setting
#13
Dominik Ose, Aline Kunz, Sabrina Pohlmann, Helene Hofmann, Markus Qreini, Johannes Krisam, Lorenz Uhlmann, Christian Jacke, Eva C Winkler, Hans-Joachim Salize, Joachim Szecsenyi
BACKGROUND: A significant potential for patient empowerment is seen in concepts aiming to give patients access to their personal health information (PHI) and to share this PHI across different care settings and health systems. Personal health records (PHRs) and the availability of information through health information exchanges are considered to be key components of effective and efficient health care. With tethered PHRs, as often used in the United States, patients' opportunities to manage their PHI are strongly restricted...
March 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252817/postoperative-pain-experiences-in-chinese-adult-patients-after-thoracotomy-and-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#14
Hui Wang, Shanqing Li, Naixin Liang, Wei Liu, Hongju Liu, Huaping Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the developing course of postoperative pain in a Chinese sample of patients following thoracic surgery. BACKGROUND: Chronic post operative pain following thoracic surgery including both thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracic surgery is often reported. However, research on pain trends concerning this topic are scarce with a notable lack of culturally focused studies by nurses. DESIGN: A prospective observational study...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252549/enhancing-interprofessional-education-with-team-based-learning
#15
Marijean Buhse, Carol Della Ratta
Interprofessional education (IPE) has gained momentum across health profession schools in simulation and clinical settings. Exploring interprofessional experiences in the classroom setting may further enhance collaborative skills while advancing clinical knowledge. The authors describe an innovative approach to IPE to teach chronic care concepts to graduate nursing, physician assistant, and public health students. Enhancing IPE with a team-based learning approach resulted in improved knowledge of chronic care management, student perceptions of mutual respect, and perceived development of communication and teamwork skills...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243069/instrument-for-assessing-mobile-technology-acceptability-in-diabetes-self-management-a-validation-and-reliability-study
#16
Mirela Frandes, Anca V Deiac, Bogdan Timar, Diana Lungeanu
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, mobile technologies are part of everyday life, but the lack of instruments to assess their acceptability for the management of chronic diseases makes their actual adoption for this purpose slow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a survey instrument for assessing patients' attitude toward and intention to use mobile technology for diabetes mellitus (DM) self-management, as well as to identify sociodemographic characteristics and quality of life factors that affect them...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223153/evaluations-of-implementation-at-early-adopting-lung-cancer-screening-programs-lessons-learned
#17
Yaron B Gesthalter, Elisa Koppelman, Rendelle Bolton, Christopher G Slatore, Sue H Yoon, Hilary C Cain, Nichole T Tanner, David H Au, Jack A Clark, Renda Soylemez Wiener
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend lung cancer screening and it is currently being adopted nationwide. The American College of Chest Physicians advises inclusion of specific programmatic components to ensure high-quality screening. However, little is known about how lung cancer screening has been implemented in practice. We sought to evaluate the experience of early-adopting programs, characterize barriers faced, and identify strategies to achieve successful implementation. METHODS: We performed qualitative evaluations of lung cancer screening implementation at three Veterans Health Administration facilities, conducting semi-structured interviews with key staff (n=29)...
February 18, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221319/analysis-of-2011-physician-assistant-education-debt-load
#18
Miranda A Moore, Megan Coffman, James F Cawley, Diana Crowley, Anthony Miller, Kathleen Klink
This study seeks to investigate how physician assistants (PAs) finance their education and to characterize the educational debt of PA students. Data from the 2011 American Academy of PAs (AAPA)-Physician Assistant Education Association Graduating Student Survey were used to explore the educational debt of PA students. The median total educational debt of a PA student graduating in 2011 was $80,000. Little financial assistance, other than student loans, is available to PA students. Eighty-five percent of PA students report owing some PA education debt amount, with 23% owing at least $100,000...
March 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#19
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209501/comparing-surgical-clerkship-performance-of-medical-and-physician-assistant-students
#20
Nasser N Alamiri, Charles Miles Maliska, Heather Chancellor-McIntosh, Guido Sclabas
OBJECTIVE: Third-year medical students (MS-III) and second-year physician assistant students (PA-S) have similar core clinical rotations during their education. Uniquely at our institution, both groups rotate together and are assessed by the same evaluation and grading standards. This study compares the performance of MS-III and PA-S during their combined surgical clerkship rotation. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on students' final clerkship grades, individual grades for clinical performance evaluation, objective structured clinical examination, faculty tutorials, and National Board of Medical Education (NBME) general surgery examination for academic years 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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