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Physician Assistant Education

Mary Anne Purtzer, Carol J Hermansen-Kobulnicky
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To investigate oncology professionals' perspectives about, experience with, and envisioned feasibility of incorporating patient self-monitoring as a patient-centered practice. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: An interpretive, descriptive study.
. SETTING: Four health systems and five cancer centers in three states. 
. PARTICIPANTS: 38 nurses, nurse practitioners, oncologists, physician assistants, and radiation therapists...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Aaron Pinkhasov, Deepan Singh, Benjamin Kashan, Julie DiGregorio, Theresa M Criscitelli, Scott Gorenstein, Harold Brem
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about the effect of psychiatric comorbidities on wound healing in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Discuss the connection between DM and the development of psychiatric comorbidities...
November 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Gerald Kayingo, Owais Gilani, Vasco Deon Kidd, Mary L Warner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transformation of primary care (PC) training sites into patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) has implications for the education of health professionals. This study investigates the extent to which physician assistant (PA) students report learning about the PCMH model and how clinical exposure to PCMH might impact their interest in a primary care career. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to second-year PA students who had recently completed their PC rotation from 12 PA programs...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Brandon Battis, Linda Clifford, Mostaqul Huq, Edrick Pejoro, Scott Mambourg
OBJECTIVES: Patients treated with oral chemotherapy appear to have less contact with the treating providers. As a result, safety, adherence, medication therapy monitoring, and timely follow-up may be compromised. The trend of treating cancer with oral chemotherapy agents is on the rise. However, standard clinical guidance is still lacking for prescribing, monitoring, patient education, and follow-up of patients on oral chemotherapy across the healthcare settings. The purpose of this project is to establish an oral chemotherapy monitoring clinic, to create drug and lab specific provider order sets for prescribing and lab monitoring, and ultimately to ensure safe and effective treatment of the veterans we serve...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Sarina Schrager
Infertility is common in the United States, with up to 15% of heterosexual couples experiencing difficulty in achieving conception. Family physicians often are the first physicians to evaluate couples attempting to conceive. Evaluation begins with assessment of ovulation, evaluation of anatomic abnormalities, and semen analysis. Many etiologies of anovulation can be managed by family physicians, and clinicians can offer counseling on timing of intercourse and assist patients with lifestyle changes to promote fertility...
October 2016: FP Essentials
Kimberson Tanco, Joseph Arthur, Ali Haider, Saneese Stephen, Sriram Yennu, Diane Liu, Eduardo Bruera
PURPOSE: The use of standardized pain classification systems such as the ECS-CP can assist in the assessment and management of cancer pain. However, its completion has been limited due to its perceived complexity of decoding each feature. The objectives of this study were to determine the rate of clinician documentation and completion of the ECS-CP features after revision and simplification of the response for each feature. METHODS: Electronic records of consecutive patient visits at the outpatient supportive care center seen by 12 palliative medicine specialists were collected at 6 months before (pre-interventional period), 6 and 24 months after (post-interventional period) the implementation of the simplified ECS-CP tool...
October 8, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Nicholas Waldron, Claire E Johnson, Peter Saul, Heidi Waldron, Jeffrey C Chong, Anne-Marie Hill, Barbara Hayes
BACKGROUND: Advance cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) decision-making and escalation of care discussions are variable in routine clinical practice. We aimed to explore physician barriers to advance CPR decision-making in an inpatient hospital setting and develop a pragmatic intervention to support clinicians to undertake and document routine advance care planning discussions. METHODS: Two focus groups, which involved eight consultants and ten junior doctors, were conducted following a review of the current literature...
October 6, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Jonathan A Isbell, Valeria Makeeva, Kara Caruthers, William S Brooks
PURPOSE: Changes in medical education have prevented students from conducting full cadaveric dissections in gross anatomy. The efficacy of alternative educational methods is being explored to augment traditional dissection. METHODS: Team-based learning was integrated into the 2014 gross anatomy laboratory for physician assistants (PA) and nurse anesthetists. Deidentified data from the 2013 and 2014 courses were used to assess with t-tests the effect of this addition on student academic performance...
September 2016: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Robert M McCarron, Erik R Vanderlip, Jeffrey Rado
This issue provides a clinical overview of depression, focusing on screening, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Taylor Sawyer, Megan M Gray
This review examines the current environment of neonatal procedural learning, describes an updated model of skills training, defines the role of simulation in assessing competency, and discusses potential future directions for simulation-based competency assessment. In order to maximize impact, simulation-based procedural training programs should follow a standardized and evidence-based approach to designing and evaluating educational activities. Simulation can be used to facilitate the evaluation of competency, but must incorporate validated assessment tools to ensure quality and consistency...
September 27, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
Meghan Rudder, Lulu Tsao, Helen E Jack
Recent passage of the Massachusetts law, An Act Relative to Substance Use, Treatment, Education, and Prevention, represents an admirable public health approach to substance use disorder (SUD), a stigmatized chronic disease that affects some of society's most vulnerable people. With its seven-day supply limit on first-time opioid prescriptions, this legislation takes an unusual approach to state government involvement in health care. By intervening in individual physicians' practices, state legislators have entered a space traditionally reserved for clinical teams...
2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
Kathryn Goggins, Kenneth A Wallston, Lorraine Mion, Courtney Cawthon, Sunil Kripalani
Overestimation of patients' health literacy skills is common among nurses and physicians. At Vanderbilt University Hospital, nurses routinely ask patients the 3 Brief Health Literacy Screen (BHLS) questions. Data from 2 studies that recruited patients at Vanderbilt University Hospital-the Health Literacy Screening (HEALS) study and the Vanderbilt Inpatient Cohort Study (VICS)-were analyzed to compare the BHLS score recorded by nurses during clinical care with the score recorded by trained research assistants during the same hospitalization...
2016: Journal of Health Communication
Laura Anne Brooks, Elizabeth Manias, Patricia Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to Australian intensive care units are often critically unwell, and present the challenge of increasing mortality due to an ageing population. Several of these patients have terminal conditions, requiring withdrawal of active treatment and commencement of end-of-life (EOL) care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the perspectives and experiences of physicians and nurses providing EOL care in the ICU. In particular, perceived barriers, enablers and challenges to providing EOL care were examined...
September 20, 2016: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the centre of the controversy is the addition of a resting ECG to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Rhea E Powell, Amanda Doty, Robin J Casten, Barry W Rovner, Kristin L Rising
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems increasingly engage interprofessional healthcare team members such as case managers, social workers, and community health workers to work directly with patients and improve population health. This study elicited perspectives of interprofessional healthcare team members regarding patient barriers to health and suggestions to address these barriers. METHODS: This is a qualitative study employing focus groups and semi-structured interviews with 39 interprofessional healthcare team members in Philadelphia to elicit perceptions of patients' needs and experiences with the health system, and suggestions for positioning health care systems to better serve patients...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Jordan Mills, Patrick Van Winkle, Macy Shen, Christina Hong, Sharon Hudson
CONTEXT: Vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) decreases risks of cancer and genital warts and the need for gynecologic procedures, yet nationwide vaccination rates are low. Previous surveys exploring this phenomenon have not included inputfrom nurses and medical assistants, who play integral roles in HPV vaccine delivery. OBJECTIVE: To understand perceptions of HPV vaccine delivery among physicians, nurses, and medical assistants in a large integrated health care system in Southern California...
September 14, 2016: Permanente Journal
Zachary Keenum, Gerald McGwin, C Douglas Witherspoon, Julia A Haller, Mark E Clark, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: The public health success of diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening programs depends on patients' adherence to the timetable of follow-up eye care recommended by the screening program. African Americans are among those at highest risk for DR and have one of the lowest rates of eye care use. Objectives: To assess the rate of adhering to recommended follow-up eye care in a DR screening program administered in a safety-net health care facility and to examine factors associated with follow-up eye care use...
September 15, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Courtney R Lyles, Andrea Altschuler, Neetu Chawla, Christine Kowalski, Deanna McQuillan, Elizabeth Bayliss, Michele Heisler, Richard W Grant
BACKGROUND: Complex patients with multiple chronic conditions often face significant challenges communicating and coordinating with their primary care physicians. These challenges are exacerbated by the limited time allotted to primary care visits. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to employ a user-centered design process to create a tablet tool for use by patients for visit discussion prioritization. METHODS: We employed user-centered design methods to create a tablet-based waiting room tool that enables complex patients to identify and set discussion topic priorities for their primary care visit...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the center of the controversy is the addition of a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 2016: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Emily M Mader, Chester H Fox, John W Epling, Gary J Noronha, Carlos M Swanger, Angela M Wisniewski, Karen Vitale, Amanda L Norton, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Despite the current evidence of preventive screening effectiveness, rates of breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer in the United States fall below national targets. We evaluated the efficacy and feasibility of combining practice facilitation and academic detailing quality improvement (QI) strategies to help primary care practices increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening among patients. METHODS: Practices received a 1-hour academic detailing session addressing current cancer screening guidelines and best practices, followed by 6 months of practice facilitation to implement evidence-based interventions aimed at increasing patient screening...
September 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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