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Physician Assistant Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539186/a-survey-of-inpatient-practitioner-knowledge-of-penicillin-allergy-at-2-community-teaching-hospitals
#1
Mary L Staicu, Dipekka Soni, Kelly M Conn, Allison Ramsey
BACKGROUND: The negative effect of the penicillin allergy label on antibiotic use and patient outcomes has brought to light the need for thorough penicillin allergy assessments and heightened practitioner education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate practitioner knowledge of penicillin allergy and the clinical approach to the patients with penicillin allergy. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to attending physicians, residents, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants practicing adult inpatient medicine at 2 community-based teaching hospitals from February to April 2016...
May 20, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#2
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535321/rural-family-medicine-outcomes-at-the-university-of-minnesota-medical-school-duluth
#3
Anna Fuglestad, Jacob Prunuske, Ronald Regal, Courtney Hunter, James Boulger, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth (MSD) opened in 1972 with a mission to train physicians serving rural Minnesota, emphasizing family medicine and American Indian (AI) communities. Nationwide there are shortages in family medicine and AI physicians, and MSD is a leader in these outcomes. METHODS: This is a longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis of 1972-2009 MSD graduates using descriptive statistics and multivariate regression to determine relationships between gender, race, age, and hometown and outcomes of family medicine specialty, rural practice, and rural family medicine practice...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520605/reducing-postsurgical-wound-complications-a-critical-review
#4
Barbara Delmore, Joshua Mitchell Cohen, Daniel O'Neill, Andy Chu, Vinh Pham, Ernest Chiu
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on risk factors for surgical site infections (SSIs) and actions to mitigate that risk. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for surgeons, surgical teams, physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
June 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509838/long-term-effect-of-a-stigma-reduction-educational-intervention-for-physician-assistants
#5
Kathleen Crapanzano, Richard J Vath
PURPOSE: Stigma towards people with substance use disorders is a common phenomenon with far reaching effects. This study evaluated the long-term effect of using an educational intervention on the attitudes of physician assistant students. METHODS: Physician assistant students received a one-week educational intervention focused on substance abuse. Changes in student attitudes were measured one year later using the Attitude to Mental Health Questionnaire (AMIQ). RESULTS: Significant and sustained improvement was noted in attitudes in the AMIQ score for the opiate use disorder vignette; no significant change was noted in the alcohol use disorder vignette...
June 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509319/investigation-of-cesarean-sections-at-konya-training-and-research-hospital-obstetrics-and-gynecology-department-between-2010-and-2015
#6
Zeynep Ozturk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal, Hasan Kucukkendirci, Ayla Sargin Oruc
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the annual distribution of cesarean sections and indications between 2010 and 2015 in our clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 10,437 cesarean section patients from a total number of 24,283 deliveries performed at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between 2010-2015 were evaluated retrospectively. The indications for Cesarean section were analyzed and compared based on years. RESULTS: The lowest cesarean section rate was 18...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503041/pediatric-end-of-life-care-barriers-and-facilitators-perception-of-nursing-professionals-in-jordan
#7
Omar Mohammad Khraisat, Nemeh Ahmad Alakour, Teresa M O'Neill
INTRODUCTION: End-of-life care is a critical issue for pediatric population with terminal illness to ensure the best possible quality of care for them and their families. A survey was conducted to identify the barriers and facilitators to provide pediatric end-of-life care. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at three tertiary centers providing end-of-life care in Jordan. Two hundred critical care nurses were surveyed (response rate 93%). RESULTS: Nurses reported moderate level of experience in all areas of delivering pediatric end-of-life care...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499772/exploring-patient-engagement-a-qualitative-analysis-of-low-income-urban-participants-in-asthma-research
#8
Amy Korwin, Heather Black, Luzmercy Perez, Knashawn H Morales, Heather Klusaritz, Xiaoyan Han, Jingru Huang, Marisa Rogers, Grace Ndicu, Andrea J Apter
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled asthma is a common highly morbid condition with worse outcomes in low-income and minority patients in part due to barriers accessing and engaging with health care. We developed a patient advocate to educate about and assist with navigating access to care and provider-patient communication. Participants completed an End of Study Questionnaire (ESQ) that was analyzed to assess experience and engagement with the protocol. OBJECTIVE: This study uses qualitative analysis to evaluate participant experience with the patient advocate and control group interventions...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483137/expanded-roles-of-registered-nurses-in-primary-care-delivery-of-the-future
#9
Laurie Bauer, Thomas Bodenheimer
BACKGROUND: Primary care in the United States is changing: practice size is increasing, there is a growing shortage of primary care practitioners, and there is a heightened prevalence of chronic disease. Given these trends, it is likely that registered nurses will become important members of the primary care team. PURPOSE: This paper explores the challenges and opportunities in primary care delivery in the 21st century and examines the likelihood of expanded roles for RNs to improve quality and add capacity to the primary care workforce...
April 7, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471935/race-matters-in-physician-assistant-education-and-clinical-practice
#10
Daytheon Sturges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471933/a-spatial-analysis-of-physician-assistant-programs
#11
J Glenn Forister, Curt Stilp
PURPOSE: The Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant projects a total of 273 accredited programs by the summer of 2020. Over the past 10 years, the number of Central Application Service for Physician Assistants (CASPA) applicants per seat has increased by 53%. However, no studies have addressed the current geographic relationship of applicants to programs and program growth. The purpose of this study was to describe the geospatial patterns and relationships of physician assistant (PA) programs and CASPA applicants...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471930/development-of-a-multidisciplinary-pediatric-surgery-fellowship
#12
Ryan Krasnosky, Jesse D Meaike, Jordan L McAndrews, Charles H Hyman, Larry H Hollier
With the rapidly changing landscape of medicine, physician assistants (PAs) have solidified their role as integral members of nearly every medical field. As PAs become leaders in smaller, more specialized fields, their duties encompass skills that they had not been exposed to in the broad, comprehensive, standard PA education. Consequently, participation in postgraduate PA education has rapidly expanded to keep up with the demand for additional training. Postgraduate PA education, frequently called "residencies" or "fellowships," offers additional specialized, hands-on, supervised clinical training along with continued didactic teaching on advanced topics...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471395/after-the-visit-an-overview-of-government-and-community-programs-supporting-children-with-medical-complexity
#13
REVIEW
Kaitlyn B Olson
The optimal care of children with medical complexity (CMC) requires involvement from a network of professionals that includes physicians, nurses, ancillary service providers, and educators. Pediatric health care providers typically have early and frequent contact with the families of CMC. Therefore, they are in a unique position to connect families to developmental, educational, and psychosocial supports. This article reviews important government and community programs that support CMC living in the United States...
May 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469903/transitional-care-management-in-the-outpatient-setting
#14
Analiza Baldonado, Ofelia Hawk, Thomas Ormiston, Danielle Nelson
Patients who are high risk high cost (HRHC), those with severe or multiple medical issues, and the chronically ill elderly are major drivers of rising health care costs.1 The HRHC patients with complex health conditions and functional limitations may likely go to emergency rooms and hospitals, need more supportive services, and use long-term care facilities.2 As a result, these patient populations are vulnerable to fragmented care and "falling through the cracks".2 A large county health and hospital system in California, USA introduced evidence-based interventions in accordance with the Triple AIM3 focused on patient-centered health care, prevention, health maintenance, and safe transitions across the care continuum...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468614/a-qualitative-thematic-content-analysis-of-medical-students-essays-on-professionalism
#15
So-Youn Park, Changwoo Shon, Oh Young Kwon, Tai Young Yoon, Ivo Kwon
BACKGROUND: Physicians in both Western and Eastern countries are being confronted by changes in health care delivery systems and medical professionalism values. The traditional concept of "In-Sul" (benevolent art) and the modern history of South Korea have led to cultural differences between South Korea and other countries in conceptualizing medical professionalism; thus, we studied medical students' perceptions of professionalism as described in essays written on this topic. METHODS: In 2014, we asked 109 first-year medical students who were enrolled in a compulsory ethics course to anonymously write a description of an instance of medical professionalism that they had witnessed, as well as reflecting on their own professional context...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464172/initial-experience-of-a-primary-urgent-care-clinic-curriculum-and-subspecialty-lectureship-series-implementation-in-a-los-angeles-county-hospital
#16
Harsh Agrawal, Anna Martinez, Elizabeth R Volkmann, Oleg Melamed, Soma Wali
OBJECTIVES: Urgent care clinics are extremely busy in the University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) County hospital system. We determined that residents and medical students in the internal medicine residency program who are rotating through these clinics did not receive enough teaching during their rotation. We decided to create and implement an urgent care curriculum and lectures to help achieve structure for the rotation. The goal of this series was to educate and assist residents in the primary care setting to comfortably manage subspecialty conditions, help reduce the already-overwhelmed county subspecialty referral system, and promote learning...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460395/polymyalgia-rheumatica
#17
Eric L Matteson, Christian Dejaco
This issue provides a clinical overview of polymyalgia rheumatica, focusing on risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
May 2, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458524/treatment-approaches-and-adherence-to-urate-lowering-therapy-for-patients-with-gout
#18
REVIEW
Thanda Aung, Gihyun Myung, John D FitzGerald
Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis characterized by painful disabling acute attacks. It is caused by hyperuricemia and deposition of urate crystals in and around the joints. Long-standing untreated hyperuricemia can lead to chronic arthritis with joint damage, tophi formation and urate nephropathy. Gout is associated with significant morbidity and health care associated cost. The goal of long-term therapy is to lower the serum urate level to promote dissolution of urate crystals, reduce recurrent acute gout flares, resolve tophi and prevent joint damage...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458163/transfer-of-nurse-education-to-universities-under-a-model-of-person-centred-care-a-consequence-of-changes-in-spanish-society-during-the-democratic-transition
#19
Olga Rodrigo, Jordi Caïs, Cristina Monforte-Royo
BACKGROUND: In Spain the transfer of nurse education to universities was accompanied by a shift towards a model of person-centred care. AIM: To explore whether the change in nurses' professional profile (from physician assistant to providers of person-centred care) was a response to changing needs in Spanish society. DESIGN: Qualitative study. METHODS: Theoretical sampling and in-depth interviews using an inductive analytical approach...
April 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438729/gathering-opinions-on-depression-information-needs-and-preferences-samples-and-opinions-in-clinic-versus-web-based-surveys
#20
Matthew T Bernstein, John R Walker, Kathryn A Sexton, Alan Katz, Brooke E Beatie
BACKGROUND: There has been limited research on the information needs and preferences of the public concerning treatment for depression. Very little research is available comparing samples and opinions when recruitment for surveys is done over the Web as opposed to a personal invitation to complete a paper survey. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) to explore information needs and preferences among members of the public and (2) compare Clinic and Web samples on sample characteristics and survey findings...
April 24, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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