Read by QxMD icon Read


Weiyang Zheng, Bingjue Ye, Xue Liang, Liyan Shui, Guohua Lou, Yanning Liu, Min Zheng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serum procalcitonin (PCT) is elevated in acute liver failure (ALF), but the expression of PCT in the liver has not been elucidated. We aimed to clarify the regulation of hepatic PCT expression and the cell sources in ALF. METHODS: Human monocytic leukemia line U937 cells were treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-l3-acetate (PMA) (100 ng/ mL) for 24 h to induce activated macrophages. In the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 μg/mL), activated macrophages and human hepatocyte line L02 cells were incubated with LPS or co-cultured for 0, 2, 6, and 24 h...
June 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Rihab Khlifi, Zaineb Dhaouefi, Mouna Maatouk, Aicha Sassi, Najet Boudhiba, Irina Ioannou, Kamel Ghedira, Leila Chekir-Ghedira, Soumaya Kilani-Jaziri
Plants and natural molecules are generally consumed not in raw state but after different processing conditions (heating, mechanical agitation or cooking). The understanding of the chemistry and biological outcome of thermal treatment is still scarce. In the current study, Eriodictyol, a natural flavanone, has undergone heat treatment, generating hence three different products ((3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, (3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) propanal) and an unidentified component). The consequences of aforementioned treatment on the immunomodulatory behavior of resulted molecules were evaluated...
June 15, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Angel Josabad Alonso-Castro, Juan Ramón Zapata-Morales, Victor Arana-Argáez, Julio Cesar Torres-Romero, Eyra Ramírez-Villanueva, Sabino Eduardo Pérez-Medina, Marco Antonio Ramírez-Morales, Mario Alberto Juárez-Méndez, Yessica Paola Infante-Barrios, Fidel Martínez-Gutiérrez, Candy Carranza-Álvarez, Mario Alberto Isiordia-Espinoza, Andrés Flores-Santos
Eysenhardtia polystachya is used for the empirical treatment of cancer, infections, diarrhea, inflammation, and pain. This study identified, using GC-MS, the main chemical components in an ethanol extract of E. polystachya branches and leaves (EPE) and tested its cytotoxic, antimicrobial, anti-diarrheal, anti-inflammatory, and antinociceptive effects. The in vitro and in vivo toxicity of EPE was evaluated using the comet assay in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and the acute toxicity test in mice, respectively...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yong Li, Shengping Huang, Xuan Huang, Xiuzhen Li, Adrian Falcon, Adele Soutar, Frederic Bornancin, Zhisheng Jiang, Hong-Bo Xin, Mingui Fu
Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1 (MALT1) is not only an intracellular signaling scaffold protein but also a paracaspase that plays a key role in the signal transduction and cellular activation of lymphocytes and macrophages. However, its role in endothelial cells remains unknown. Here we report that pharmacological inhibition of MALT1 protease activity strongly suppresses endothelial activation via enhancing MCPIP1 expression. Treatment with MALT1 protease inhibitors selectively inhibited TNFα-induced VCAM-1 expression in HUVECs and LPS-induced VCAM-1 expression in mice...
June 15, 2018: Cellular Signalling
Yuxin Zhang, Yiqin Bao, Wei Qiu, Lisheng Peng, Ling Fang, Ying Xu, Hui Yang
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are a group of autoimmune astrocytopathies in the central nervous system, which are mainly caused by immunoglobulin G (IgG) against astrocyte water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4). In this study, we aimed to establish a model of NMOSD-related optic neuritis (NMOSD-ON) and to evaluate the progressive changes of the optic nerve and visual function. AQP4 IgG-positive serum from NMOSD patients was injected into the subarachnoid space of the rat optic nerve to induce the NMOSD-ON model (AQP4 + group), and healthy serum was injected as the control...
June 15, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Jung Hyun Park, Hyeong Jun Ku, Jin Hyup Lee, Jeen-Woo Park
Acute lung injury (ALI) is an acute failure of the respiratory system with unacceptably high mortality, for which effective treatment is urgently necessary. Infiltrations by immune cells, such as leukocytes and macrophages, are responsible for the inflammatory response in ALI, which is characterized by excessive production of pro-inflammatory mediators in lung tissues exposed to various pathogen-associated molecules such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from microbial organisms. α-Ketoglutarate (α-KG) is a key metabolic intermediate and acts as a pro-inflammatory metabolite, which is responsible for LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokine production through NF-κB signaling pathway...
June 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Zahra Farzaneh, Kurosh Kalantar, Aida Iraji, Zahra Amirghofran
Macrophages are among the main cells involved in generation of inflammation. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Satureja hortensis (summer savory), lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated J774.1 macrophages were treated with various extracts, and the expression and release of various inflammatory molecules by macrophages were examined. We showed that dichloromethane and hexane extracts reduced nitric oxide (NO) production more efficiently than other extracts. Both extracts decreased gene expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) (<0...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Min Dai, Ingegerd Hellstrom, Yuen Y Yip, Hans Olov Sjögren, Karl Erik Hellstrom
While immunomodulatory monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have therapeutic efficacy against many tumors, few patients are cured. Attempting to improve their therapeutic efficacy we have applied the TC1 mouse lung carcinoma model and injected established subcutaneous tumors intratumorally with 3 weekly doses of various combinations of mAbs. Combinations of mAbs to CTLA4/PD1/CD137 (the 3 mAb combination) and to CTLA4/PD1/CD137/CD19 (the 4 mAb combination) were most efficacious to induce complete regression of both the injected tumor and an untreated tumor in the same mouse...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Immunotherapy
Roland Wunderlich, Paul Friedrich Rühle, Lisa Deloch, Franz Roedel, Rainer Fietkau, Udo S Gaipl, Benjamin Frey
PURPOSE: Previous investigations revealed influences of irradiation up to 2.0 Gy on the cytokine secretion profile of inflammatory, peritoneal mouse macrophages (pMФ). This raised the question if those alterations impact on dendritic cells and consecutive T-cell responses. Further, the impact of irradiation directly on pMФ capacity to induce T-cell responses was analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: pMФ were LPS-activated, irradiated and the expression of activation markers was assessed...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Merry L Lindsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Garyfalia Karponi, Spyridon Kritas, Evanthia Petridou, Eleni Papanikolaou
A number of bacteria provoking zoonotic diseases present intracellular survival and a host cell tropism limited to the monocyte/macrophage lineage. Thus, infection is rendered difficult to eradicate, causing chronic inflammatory reactions to the host and widespread prevalence. Although self-inactivating lentiviral vectors have been successfully tested in the clinic against virally-induced human infectious diseases, little is known about the transduction susceptibility of ruminant animal phagocytes that play a critical role in the outbreak of zoonotic diseases such as brucellosis...
June 18, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
Pierluigi Plastina, Astari Apriantini, Jocelijn Meijerink, Renger Witkamp, Bartolo Gabriele, Alessia Fazio
Chinotto ( Citrus myrtifolia Raf.) is a widely diffused plant native from China and its fruits have a wide-spread use in confectionary and drinks. Remarkably, only little has been reported thus far on its bioactive properties, in contrast to those of the taxonomically related bergamot ( Citrus bergamia Risso). The present study aimed to investigate potential in vitro anti-inflammatory and radical scavenging properties of chinotto essential oils (CEOs) and to establish to what extent their composition and bioactivities are dependent on maturation...
June 18, 2018: Nutrients
Jean-Michel Constantin, Thomas Godet, Matthieu Jabaudon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Critical Care Medicine
G H Moen, A Moen, J Gjerstad
Aims Lumbar radicular pain after disc herniation may be associated release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue. In the present study we examined the role of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68) in the acute phase of this process. Methods First, in an animal model mimicking the clinical situation after disc herniation, the role of IFN-γ on the dorsal horn single cell activity and gene expression close to the nerve roots was studied. Second, in patients with severe lumbar radicular pain due to disc herniation, we examined how two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs2069705 and rs2069718) important for the IFN-γ expression influenced the pain and disability measured by visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Brian E Cairns, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Paola Sacerdote
Background It is unknown why an acute pain condition under various circumstances can transition into a chronic pain condition. There has been a shift towards neuroinflammation and hence glial cell activations specifically in the dorsal root ganglion and spinal cord as a mechanism possibly driving the transition to chronic pain. This has led to a focus on non-neuronal cells in the peripheral and central nervous system. Besides infiltrating macrophages, Schwann cells and satellite glial cells release cytokines and therefore important mechanisms in the maintenance of pain...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Sándor Katz, Viktória Zsiros, Nikolett Dóczi, Anna L Kiss
In our previous work, we showed that during inflammation-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), mesenteric mesothelial cells express ED1 (pan-macrophage marker), indicating that they are transformed into macrophage-like cells. In this paper, we provide additional evidences about this transition by following the phagocytic activity and the TNFα production of mesenteric mesothelial cells during inflammation. Upon injection of India ink particles or fluorescent-labeled bioparticles (pHrodo) into the peritoneal cavity of rats pretreated with Freund's adjuvant, we found that mesothelial cells efficiently engulfed these particles...
June 18, 2018: Inflammation
Asok Kumar Mariappan, Palanivelu Munusamy, Deepak Kumar, Shyma K Latheef, Shambu Dayal Singh, Rajendra Singh, Kuldeep Dhama
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) belongs to genus Avulavirus and family Paramyxoviridae. There are thirteen serotypes named APMV-I (Avian Paramyxovirus-I) to APMV-13 of which NDV has been designated as APMV-1. The disease has been reported worldwide affecting both domestic and wild avian species. Morbidity and mortality rates up to 100% have been reported in cases of unvaccinated flocks. Stringent vaccination schedule is practiced in endemic/disease prone areas in order to prevent the disease. Despite this, NDV outbreaks have been reported even in cases of vaccinated populations...
June 2018: Virusdisease
Anke E Kip, Monique Wasunna, Fabiana Alves, Jan H M Schellens, Jos H Beijnen, Ahmed M Musa, Eltahir A G Khalil, Thomas P C Dorlo
The Leishmania parasite resides and replicates within host macrophages during visceral leishmaniasis (VL). This study aimed to evaluate neopterin, a marker of macrophage activation, as possible pharmacodynamic biomarker to monitor VL treatment response and to predict long-term clinical relapse of VL. Following informed consent, 497 plasma samples were collected from East-African VL patients receiving a 28-day miltefosine monotherapy (48 patients) or 11-day combination therapy of miltefosine and liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB, 48 patients)...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Dhamia K Suker, Fatimah A Jasim
Aim: The present study designed to evaluate the toxic effect of anatase TiO2 NPs on BALF biochemical changes and liver alteration in rats. Background: Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are utilized in food color additives and cosmetics worldwide. Humans uptake these nanoparticulate by different routes and may exhibit potential side effects, lags behind the rapid development of nanotechnology. Methods: Sixty-three mats rats were used...
2018: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
Alessandro Tomelleri, Giulio Cavalli, Giacomo De Luca, Corrado Campochiaro, Teresa D'Aliberti, Moreno Tresoldi, Lorenzo Dagna
Pericarditis is an inflammatory heart disease, which may be idiopathic or secondary to autoimmune or auto-inflammatory diseases and often leads to severe or life-threatening complications. Colchicine and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs represent the mainstay of treatment, whereas use of corticosteroids is associated with recurrence of disease flares. While effective and safe anti-inflammatory therapies remain an unmet clinical need, emerging clinical and experimental evidence points at a promising role of inhibition of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"