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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518089/laparoscopic-technique-for-serial-collection-of-liver-and-mesenteric-lymph-nodes-in-macaques
#1
Alexander S Zevin, Cassie Moats, Drew May, Solomon Wangari, Charlene Miller, Joel Ahrens, Naoto Iwayama, Megan Brown, Debbie Bratt, Nichole R Klatt, Jeremy Smedley
The mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) and the liver are exposed to microbes and microbial products from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, making them immunologically unique. The GI tract and associated MLN are sites of early viral replication in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the MLN are likely important reservoir sites that harbor latently-infected cells even after prolonged antiretroviral therapy (ART). The liver has been shown to play a significant role in immune responses to lentiviruses and appears to play a significant role in clearance of virus from circulation...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513521/otorhinolaryngological-emergencies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-port-harcourt
#2
U M Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Emergencies are not uncommon in a typical otorhinolaryngological (ORL) clinic. The knowledge of the profile and prevalence of these emergencies will go a long way in helping to equip as well as aid proper and prompt management of these conditions so as to reduce their morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective 8 years review of all patients that presented to the ENT Surgery Department from January 2004 to December 2012...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492061/viability-of-airborne-tumor-cells-during-excision-by-ultrasonic-device
#3
Masakazu Hashimoto, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Hirotaka Tashiro, Shintaro Kuroda, Yoshihiro Mikuriya, Tomoyuki Abe, Yuka Tanaka, Hideki Ohdan
Background. Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used, but peritoneal dissemination and port-site metastasis have been reported to occur in these surgeries. One reason for these problems is the ultrasonically activated scalpel (UAS) used for laparoscopic surgery. This study aimed to investigate the viability of airborne cells released during cancer dissection using a UAS. Methods. Flank tumors measuring about 2 cm were induced in male NOD-Cg-Rag1(tm1Mom)IL2rg(tm1wjl/SzJ) mice by subcutaneous injection of 1 × 10(6) HepG2 cells...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489212/impact-of-using-a-local-protocol-in-preoperative-testing-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Mônica Loureiro Santos, Antônio Carlos Iglesias
Objective: to evaluate the impact of the use of a local protocol of preoperative test requests in reducing the number of exams requested and in the occurrence of changes in surgical anesthetic management and perioperative complications. Methods: we conducted a randomized, blinded clinical trial at the Gaffrée and Guinle University Hospital with 405 patients candidates for elective surgery randomly divided into two groups, according to the practice of requesting preoperative exams: a group with non-selectively requested exams and a protocol group with exams requested according to the study protocol...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489171/alternative-technique-for-cholecystectomy-comparable-to-single-port
#5
Carlos Sabbag, Ana Blitzckow
Background: With the advancement of laparoscopic surgery, new techniques have been proposed and disseminated in order to reduce the surgical aggression and get better cosmetic results. Aim: To present alternative technique for videocholecystectomy comparable to single port technique using conventional material for laparoscopic surgery. Method: Introduction of laparoscopic devices using two incisions; gallbladder traction with thread, exposition of Calot triangle, and ligature of cystic pedicle with polymer clips...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487176/feasibility-of-reduced-port-robotic-surgery-for-myomectomy-with-the-da-vinci-%C3%A2-surgical-system
#6
Jeong Jin Kim, Chahien Choi, Su Hyun Nam, Woo Young Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present our initial experience with reduced port robotic surgery (RPRS) for myomectomy using Octo-Port. DESIGN: Prospective and noncomparative study. (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Nineteen consecutive patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids desiring conservative minimally invasive robotic surgery from October 2015 to December 2016 INTERVENTIONS: An 8...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485994/copious-irrigation-versus-suction-alone-during-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis-in-adults
#7
Fengbo Sun, He Wang, Fengjuan Zhang, Xinming Zhang, Zhiyuan Xing, Shenglin Zhang, Haifeng Zhang, Ye Wang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether copious irrigation of peritoneal cavity during laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated appendicitis effectively reduces the incidence of postoperative complications and improves the postoperative recovery in adults compared with suction alone. METHODS: In this prospective randomized trial, adult patients with complicated appendicitis were randomized to "irrigation and suction"(IS) group or "suction only"(SO) group...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442836/single-port-laparoscopic-liver-resection-largest-turkish-experience
#8
Ilhan Karabicak, Kagan Karabulut, Savas Yuruker, Tugrul Kesicioglu, Necati Ozen
Single-port laparoscopic surgery has the advantage of a hidden scar and reduced abdominal wall trauma. Although single-port laparoscopic surgery is widely performed for other organs, its application is very limited for liver resection. Here, we report our experience with nine patients who underwent single-port laparoscopic liver resection. Nine patients underwent single-port laparoscopic liver resection for the indications of hydatid cyst, hepatocellular carcinoma, and colorectal cancer liver metastasis. Nine patients were successfully treated with single-port laparoscopic surgery...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442014/-surgical-quality-surveillance-and-sustaining-improvement-of-lung-cancer-surgery-based-on-standard-operation-procedure-sop-experience-of-single-surgical-team
#9
Xing Wang, Shi Yan, Yaqi Wang, Nan Wu
BACKGROUND: Standard operation procedure (SOP) could standardize treatment procedure and reduce medical expenses, but SOP drawn by the government may not suit all medical institutions, so individual adjustment made by surgical team is necessary. METHODS: We recorded the information of patients undergoing lung resection, including postoperative hospital stay, medical expenses and ratio of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) rate to evaluate surgical quality sustaining improvement in terms of structure indicator, process indicator and outcome indicator, aiming at exploring the ideal postoperative hospital stay and the best indicators to evaluate surgical quality improvement...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426944/a-comparison-between-reduced-port-robotic-surgery-and-multiport-robot-assisted-laparoscopy-for-myomectomy
#10
Su Hyun Nam, Jiheum Paek, Chahien Choi, Se Hyun Nam, Woo Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes between reduced-port robotic surgery (RPRS) using the Octo-Port channel and multiport robot-assisted laparoscopy for myomectomy. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study compared and analyzed data from 15 consecutive women who underwent RPRS for myomectomy and 15 consecutive women who underwent multiport robot-assisted laparoscopy to treat symptomatic uterine myoma from January 2016 to June 2016. The patients were treated by two surgeons at two institutions...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415834/the-surgical-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-in-the-era-of-minimally-invasive-surgery
#11
Shuchang Wang, Tian-Long Ling, Enhao Zhao, Hui Cao
Minimally invasive surgery is regarded as an alternative to conventional open surgery in gastric cancer. More and more surgeons devote their efforts to reduce surgical incision and acquire better recovery. Nowadays, laparoscopic distal gastrectomy has been the standard method for early stage cancer with remarkable advantage in short-term outcomes and is widely accepted by patients. The indication of laparoscopic gastrectomy has been extended to local advanced gastric cancer. However, the oncological safety has long been debated...
April 14, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400696/seprafilm%C3%A2-application-method-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#12
Mun-Kun Hong, Dah-Ching Ding
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative adhesions occur less often in laparoscopies than in laparotomies, but the incidence can be reduced further. Seprafilm, a sodium hyaluronate/carboxymethylcellulose absorbable barrier, was developed to prevent adhesions after abdominal surgery, and is approved for postoperative adhesion prevention. However, Seprafilm is seldom used in laparoscopic surgery because of its tendency to break apart when it is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a trocar, resulting in a high placement failure rate...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394022/limited-versus-full-sternotomy-for-aortic-valve-replacement
#13
REVIEW
Bilal H Kirmani, Sion G Jones, S C Malaisrie, Darryl A Chung, Richard Jnn Williams
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve disease is a common condition that is easily treatable with cardiac surgery. This is conventionally performed by opening the sternum longitudinally down the centre ("median sternotomy") and replacing the valve under cardiopulmonary bypass. Median sternotomy is generally well tolerated, but as less invasive options have become available, the efficacy of limited incisions has been called into question. In particular, the effects of reducing the visibility and surgical access has raised safety concerns with regards to the placement of cannulae, venting of the heart, epicardial wire placement, and de-airing of the heart at the end of the procedure...
April 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389846/continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-blocks-via-laparoscopically-placed-catheters-for-bariatric-surgery
#14
Alfred M Said, Hany A Balamoun
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study is to evaluate postoperative analgesic outcome of the continuous bilateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block using bupivacaine infusion through an epidural catheter inserted through laparoscopic ports. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients assigned for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) were divided into two equal groups according to postoperative analgesia: Control group received IV morphine, and TAP group received bupivacaine 0...
April 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389063/a-novel-transperitoneal-abdominal-wall-nerve-block-for-postoperative-pain-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#15
Jun Nagata, Jun Watanabe, Yusuke Sawatsubashi, Masaki Akiyama, Koichi Arase, Noritaka Minagawa, Takayuki Torigoe, Kotaro Hamada, Yoshifumi Nakayama, Keiji Hirata
BACKGROUND: Although the laparoscopic approach reduces pain associated with abdominal surgery, postoperative pain remains a problem. Ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block and transversus abdominis plane block have become increasingly popular means of providing analgesia for laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Ninety patients were enrolled in this study. A laparoscopic puncture needle was inserted via the port, and levobupivacaine was injected into the correct plane through the peritoneum...
April 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385174/take-home-training-in-laparoscopy
#16
Ebbe Thinggaard
When laparoscopy was first introduced, skills were primarily taught using the apprenticeship model. A limitation of this method when compared to open surgery, was that it requires more time to practise and more frequent learning opportunities in clinical practice. The unique set of skills required in laparoscopy highlighted the need for new training methods that reduce the need for supervision and do not put the patient at risk. Simulation training was developed to meet this need. The overall purpose of this thesis was to explore simulation-based laparoscopic training at home...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383927/randomized-clinical-trial-of-expressive-writing-on-wound-healing-following-bariatric-surgery
#17
Heidi Koschwanez, Hayley Robinson, Grant Beban, Andrew MacCormick, Andrew Hill, John Windsor, Roger Booth, Mia Jüllig, Elizabeth Broadbent
OBJECTIVE: Writing emotionally about upsetting life events (expressive writing) has been shown to speed healing of punch-biopsy wounds compared to writing objectively about daily activities. We aimed to investigate whether a presurgical expressive writing intervention could improve surgical wound healing. METHOD: Seventy-six patients undergoing elective laparoscopic bariatric surgery were randomized either to write emotionally about traumatic life events (expressive writing) or to write objectively about how they spent their time (daily activities writing) for 20 min a day for 3 consecutive days beginning 2 weeks prior to surgery...
April 6, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381342/minimally-invasive-compared-with-open-surgery-in-patients-with-borderline-ovarian-tumors
#18
Taejong Song, Min Kyu Kim, Yong Wook Jung, Bo Seong Yun, Seok Ju Seong, Chel Hun Choi, Tae-Joong Kim, Jeong-Won Lee, Duk-Soo Bae, Byoung-Gie Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical and oncological outcomes between laparoscopic (single-port or multi-port) and open surgery in the treatment of patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 687 patients who underwent single-port laparoscopy (n=89), multi-port laparoscopy (n=223), or open surgery (n=375) due to BOTs. RESULTS: The age, tumor size, tumor marker, and the proportions of radical surgery rate and surgical staging were significantly lower in the single-port laparoscopy and multi-port laparoscopy groups compared with those in the open surgery group (all P<0...
April 2, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376256/the-outcome-of-an-early-discharge-protocol-after-appendectomy-in-children-with-acute-appendicitis
#19
Takahiro Jimbo, Kouji Masumoto, Hajime Takayasu, Toko Shinkai, Yasuhisa Urita, Toru Uesugi, Chikashi Gotoh, Kentaro Ono, Takato Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of our early discharge protocol for children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: We established a new early discharge protocol for appendicitis. Our protocol consists of both postoperative early feeding and reduced-port laparoscopic surgery which is aimed at reducing surgical stress. The outcome was studied in patients with acute appendicitis who treated at our institution from 2012 to 2013. RESULTS: Thirty-six acute appendicitis patients (mean age 10...
April 4, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375803/routine-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-does-not-reduce-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infections
#20
Pinar Sarkut, Sadik Kilicturgay, Hikmet Aktas, Yilmaz Ozen, Ekrem Kaya
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic gallbladder stones. As infections are rare in uncomplicated LC, it is widely accepted that prophylactic antibiotics need not be administered, and guidelines do not support routine antibiotic prophylaxis during elective LC. However, routine antibiotic prophylaxis for elective LC is still popular in many clinical settings. We investigated this situation in our department. METHOD: This randomized double-blind controlled study included 570 patients who underwent LC between March 2007 and February 2010...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Infections
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