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Choledocholithiasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645544/diagnostic-accuracy-of-eus-compared-with-mrcp-in-detecting-choledocholithiasis-a-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-test-accuracy-of-head-to-head-studies
#1
REVIEW
Mohammad Yaghoobi, Yaser Meeralam, Khalil Al-Shammari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is a wide range of reported sensitivity and specificity for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the diagnosis of the choledocholithiasis with lack of a proper meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) using head-to-head comparison. Here, we aimed at comparing the diagnostic accuracy of EUS and MRCP in detecting choledocholithiasis using appropriate methodology recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. METHODS: A comprehensive electronic literature search up to January 2017 was done by 2 reviewers for prospective cohort studies comparing EUS and MRCP to reference standard in detecting choledocholithiasis...
June 20, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643057/single-incision-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-in-101-consecutive-patients-choledochotomy-transcystic-and-transfistulous-approaches
#2
Shu-Hung Chuang, Min-Chang Hung, Shih-Wei Huang, Dev-Aur Chou, Hurng-Sheng Wu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for choledocholithiasis is still evolving. Only a few reports of single-incision laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) have been published. METHODS: One hundred and one consecutive patients underwent single-incision LCBDE (SILCBDE) by one surgeon with straight instruments during a 42-month period. RESULTS: Choledochotomies were performed on 61 patients (60.4%). The success rate of intrahepatic duct exploration was 68...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636091/biodegradable-stents-in-the-treatment-of-benign-biliary-strictures-does-one-size-fit-all
#3
Aydin Seref Koksal, Ahmet Tarik Eminler, Erkan Parlak
We read the article entitled 'Endoscopic biodegradable biliary stents in the treatment of benign biliary strictures: First report on clinical use in patients' by Siiki et al with great interest (1). The authors successfully treated two patients with benign biliary strictures, possibly due to choledocholithiasis, with endoscopic insertion of polydioxanone biodegradable biliary stents. They reported that the treatment was uneventful and the stents were completely dissolved between 3 and 6 months without leaving a sequela in the bile ducts...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633652/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-common-hepatic-duct-associated-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#4
Makram Moussa, Wissem Triki, Omar Karray, Ines Marzouk, Bouchoucha Sami
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the common bile duct is a life-threatening condition, usually observed after a trauma or in association with choledocholithiasis or an obstructive tumor of the bile duct. However, a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct is a rare entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new observation of a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct, associated with biliary peritonitis and pancreatitis, in a 15-year-old North African girl. Etiological aspects, specificities of clinical presentation, means of diagnosis, as well as surgical and perioperative management are discussed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617028/laparoscopic-transgastric-ercp-in-bariatric-surgery-patients-our-experience
#5
Jesús Espinel, María Eugenia Pinedo, Vanesa Ojeda, María Guerra Del Río
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is the surgical treatment of choice for morbid obesity. Several therapeutic options to remove common bile duct (CBD) stones have been proposed in these patients. Laparoscopy-assisted transgastric ERCP (LATERCP) has a high success rate. However, the procedure is not fully standardized and some technical variations have been proposed. We introduce two cases in which laparoscopic transgastric ERCP has been used to treat choledocholithiasis after LRYGB.
June 15, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603611/subtotal-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-influences-the-rate-of-conversion-in-patients-with-difficult-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-case-series
#6
W E Abdelrahim, Kamal E Elsiddig, A A Wahab, M Saad, H Saeed, E A G Khalil
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to show that subtotal laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC) is a safe procedure that reduces the rate of conversion in patients with difficult laporoscopic cholecystectomies in resource-meagre settings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Following informed consent, patients with gallstones reporting to Atbara Medical Centre, Atbara, Northern Sudan from February 2012 to July 2013 were managed laparoscopically except those with choledocholithiasis. SLC was done for patients with difficult cholecystectomy and obscured Callot's triangle...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603054/comparable-long-term-outcomes-of-1-minute-vs-5-minute-endoscopic-papillary-balloon-dilation-for-bile-duct-stones
#7
Yu-Ting Kuo, Hsiu-Po Wang, Chi-Yang Chang, Joseph W Leung, Jiann-Hwa Chen, Ming-Chang Tsai, Wei-Chih Liao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is an alternative to endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) for choledocholithiasis. Unlike EST, EPBD preserves biliary sphincter function, reducing long-term risk of recurrent choledocholithiasis by 50%. Guidelines recommend that duration of EPBD exceeds 2 minutes, to adequately loosen the sphincter and reduce risks of failed stone extraction and post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis. However, it is unclear whether this long duration of EPBD impairs sphincter function and negates the long-term benefit of EPBD...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598447/single-stage-management-of-concomitant-cholelithiasis-and-choledocholithiasis
#8
M R Joshi, S Rupakheti, T P Bohara, D R Singh
INTRODUCTION: Concomitant cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis are commonly managed in two stage procedure, endoscopic management of common bile duct stone followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy in different time and setting. We perform these two procedures in same sitting in operating room set up. We evaluated the procedure in terms of outcome, feasibility and complications. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study carried out since April 2013 to August 2016 in all patients who had undergone single stage endoscopic and laparoscopic management of concomitant cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593017/the-rendezvous-technique-involving-insertion-of-a-guidewire-in-a-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage-tube-for-biliary-access-in-a-case-of-difficult-biliary-cannulation
#9
Fumiko Sunada, Naoki Morimoto, Mamiko Tsukui, Hidekazu Kurata
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a diagnostic method and treatment approach for biliary diseases. However, biliary cannulation can be difficult in some cases. We performed ERCP in a 97-year-old woman with abdominal pain resulting from acute cholangitis caused by choledocholithiasis and observed difficult biliary cannulation. Eventually, the patient was successfully treated with the rendezvous technique. We could not cannulate the biliary duct during ERCP twice. Therefore, we placed a percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) tube without intrahepatic dilation...
May 2017: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588181/magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-mrcp-evaluation-of-obstructive-jaundice-in-comparison-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp
#10
S Imam, M N Islam, N A Khan, S N Mostafa, M S Amin, S Rahman, P Akhter
This cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Radiology and Imaging in collaboration with Department of Gastroenterology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2013 to June 2014 to evaluate the efficacy of Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and ERCP in the management of obstructive jaundice and also to determine diagnostic validity accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRCP in evaluation of obstructive jaundice...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583822/practice-patterns-for-cholecystectomy-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-for-patients-with-choledocholithiasis
#11
Robert J Huang, Monique T Barakat, Mohit Girotra, Subhas Banerjee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cholecystectomy (CCY) following an episode of choledocholithiasis requiring endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) with stone extraction reduces recurrent biliary events, compared to expectant management. We studied practice patterns for performance of CCY following ERCP for choledocholithiasis using data from 3 large states and evaluated the effects of delaying CCY. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the ambulatory surgery, inpatient, and emergency department databases from the states of California (years 2009-2011), New York (2011-2013), and Florida (2012-2014)...
June 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571204/impact-of-biliary-calculi-on-the-liver
#12
Raju Rangaswamy, Chabungbam Gyan Singh, Haobam Manihar Singh, P Punyabati, Kuotho T Nyuwi
INTRODUCTION: Gallstone is implicated for hepatocellular injury due to chronic extra hepatic large bile duct obstruction with or without repeated episodes of cholangitis. AIM: To study the liver changes in patients undergoing operative procedure for gallstone disease and to determine the relationship between severity of these changes with position of biliary calculus in biliary tree. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent operative procedure for gallstone disease between October 2013 and September 2015 were evaluated...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547873/can-clinical-factors-predict-the-need-for-intervention-after-positive-intraoperative-cholangiogram
#13
Mohammed Kaif, Deepak Agrawal, Jayaprakash Sreenarasimhaiah
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC) is commonly used to detect retained bile duct stones. This often leads to another invasive procedure such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, due to the variation in methods and results of IOC, it is unclear if clinical factors will aid in identifying true choledocholithiasis. METHODS: All cholecystectomies in a 3 year period were examined retrospectively for positive IOC. Sonographic bile duct dilation and transaminase levels at admission including trends during the course of hospitalization and prior to ERCP were evaluated...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534552/-perforations-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp
#14
J Mateo Retuerta, C Chaveli Díaz, A Goikoetxea Urdiain, B Sainz Villacampa, M J Sara Ongay, J J Íñigo Noain
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) associated with sphincterotomy is a useful procedure that is widely used in cases of choledocholithiasis and bile duct obstruction. In spite of being a safe test, there is a risk of complications like pancreatitis, haemorrhaging or perforation. Post-ERCP duodenal perforation is a rare event but has serious consequences if it is not treated early. The lesion mechanism, the place and extension of the perforation, as well as the clinical picture and radiographic findings will guide patient management, which must be individualised and constantly reevaluated...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520653/transenteric-ercp-for-treatment-of-choledocholithiasis-after-duodenal-switch
#15
João C D Marchesini, Rafael W Noda, Vitor M Haida, Rodrigo C D L Medeiros, Silvano Sadowski, Manoel Galvão Neto, João B Marchesini, Josemberg M Campos
This article aims to describe step-by-step technique performed with the aid of a video. We report the performance of an endoscopic approach to the biliary tract on 2 patients who had previously undergone duodenal switch (DS). It was successfully performed a laparoscopic-assisted transenteric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in both the patients. Although successful experiences with ERCP after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass have been found, few cases of ERCP after DS have been reported. Nevertheless, this is the first study to include a multimedia video with description of details and all technical steps of the transenteric ERCP performed on 2 patients who had previously undergone DS...
June 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520575/predictors-of-bile-tree-pathology-in-patients-presenting-with-gallbladder-disease
#16
Mahmoud A Rahal, Mohammad O Rammal, Walid Karaoui, Ali Hallal, Hani Tamim, Yasser Shaib
BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstone disease can present with elevated liver function tests (LFTs). It is often challenging to differentiate those with a common bile duct (CBD) stone from those without a CBD stone on the basis of the LFTs levels. In this study, we aim to evaluate the predictors of a CBD stones among patients presenting with symptomatic gallbladder disease and elevated LFTs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined all patients who had undergone a cholecystectomy between January 2010 and December 2015...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496540/recombinant-factor-viia-use-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-with-sphincterotomy-in-a-patient-with-choledocholithiasis-and-unusual-coagulopathy
#17
Molham Abdulsamad, Pavithra Reddy, Suvarna Guvvala, Anil Dev
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat pancreaticobiliary disorders. The risks of ERCP include pancreatitis, infection, bleeding and perforation. Bleeding during ERCP typically develops after sphincterotomy, hence patients should be screened and tested for coagulopathy before undergoing ERCP. Coagulopathy is a major risk factor for ERCP-related bleeding. Inherited factor VII (FVII) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive hemorrhagic disorder that can lead to significant coagulopathy and severe bleeding if not appropriately recognized and treated preoperatively...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493164/the-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-predicts%C3%A2-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-cholecystectomy
#18
Scott C Dolejs, Joal D Beane, Joshua K Kays, Eugene P Ceppa, Ben L Zarzaur
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of risk for patients undergoing cholecystectomy with high model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores is poorly understood. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2005 to 2013 was used to study patients undergoing cholecystectomy. Patients were excluded if they had choledocholithiasis or preoperative dialysis. Bivariate data analysis was performed and logistic regression modeling was conducted to calculate risk-adjusted 30-day outcomes...
May 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493162/single-setting-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-and-cholecystectomy-improve-the-rate-of-surgical-site-infection
#19
Michele M Loor, Jean Dominique Morancy, James K Glover, Gregory J Beilman, Catherine L Statz
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystectomy is a common surgical procedure. The presence of common bile duct stones complicates treatment, often requiring a second procedure for stone retrieval. For such patients, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) provides adequate therapy, and can be performed before, after, or at the same time as cholecystectomy. In 2013, duodenoscopes were implicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in transmission of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae...
May 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474701/-cholelithiasis-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-prevalence-presentation-and-consequences-in-a-referral-hospital-in-baja-california-sur
#20
Andrea Socorro Álvarez-Villaseñor, Héctor Luis Mascareño-Franco, José Juan Agundez-Meza, Francisco Cardoza-Macías, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Jorge Rendón-Félix, Mariana Chávez-Tostado, Leire Irusteta-Jiménez, Jesús García-Rentería, Alejandro González-Ojedaz
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the postpartum period are risk factors for developing biliary sludge, gallstones, and any of their complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, presentation, and consequences of cholestasis during pregnancy and postpartum in a referral hospital of Baja California Sur. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study that enrolled pregnant or postpartum patients diagnosed with gallstones with any presentation...
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
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