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Choledocholithiasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774157/risk-assessment-of-choledocholithiasis-prior-to-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-and-its-management-options
#1
Ausra Aleknaite, Gintaras Simutis, Juozas Stanaitis, Jonas Valantinas, Kestutis Strupas
Background: Accurate risk evaluation of choledocholithiasis prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy is essential to determine optimal management strategy. Objective: Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of separate predictors and Vilnius University Hospital Index (VUHI = A/30 + 0.4 × B; A = total bilirubin concentration (µmol/l), B = common bile duct (CBD) diameter (mm) measured by ultrasound) diagnosing choledocholithiasis and to assess different management strategies (cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP))...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767390/safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-for-choledocholithiasis-in-long-term-dialysis-a-propensity-score-analysis
#2
Sung Bum Kim, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous studies evaluating the safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis reported an increased risk of post-procedural bleeding. We investigated the safety and efficacy of ERCP for the treatment of choledocholithiasis in patients with ESRD undergoing long-term dialysis. METHODS: A total of 3466 patients who underwent ERCP due to choledocholithiasis between January 2000 and Feb 2018 were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively...
May 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763444/cholelithiasis-and-choledocholithiasis-in-children-risk-factors-for-development
#3
Barbora Frybova, Jiri Drabek, Jindra Lochmannova, Ladislav Douda, Stepan Hlava, Daniela Zemkova, Vladimir Mixa, Martin Kyncl, Lubos Zeman, Michal Rygl, Radan Keil
PURPOSE: To compare anthropometric data (body mass index [BMI]) in patients without lithiasis to patients with symptomatic simple cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 147 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between 2001-2015. Complete growth data from 98 patients was compared with anthropometric data from the population of the Czech Republic and a control group (BMI of 100 consecutive patients without biliary stones in abdominal ultrasound who were admitted to a surgical department for suspected appendicitis)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756014/hemodialysis-is-a-strong-risk-factor-for-post-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-bleeding-in-patients-with-choledocholithiasis
#4
So Nakaji, Nobuto Hirata, Hiroki Matsui, Toshiyasu Shiratori, Masayoshi Kobayashi, Shigenobu Yoshimura, Keisuke Kanda, Natsuki Kawamitsu, Hisato Harasawa
Background and study aims:  Hemodialysis (HD) is considered one of the risk factors for post-endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) bleeding. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective study to evaluate HD as a risk factor for post-ES bleeding in patients with choledocholithiasis. Patients and methods:  We used the post-ES bleeding rate as the main outcome measure. To evaluate the influence of HD on the risk of post-ES bleeding, logistic regression and propensity score analyses were conducted...
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736167/mechanisms-and-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#5
REVIEW
Ari Garber, Catherine Frakes, Zubin Arora, Prabhleen Chahal
Acute pancreatitis represents a disorder characterized by acute necroinflammatory changes of the pancreas and is histologically characterized by acinar cell destruction. Diagnosed clinically with the Revised Atlanta Criteria, and with alcohol and cholelithiasis/choledocholithiasis as the two most prominent antecedents, acute pancreatitis ranks first amongst gastrointestinal diagnoses requiring admission and 21st amongst all diagnoses requiring hospitalization with estimated costs approximating 2.6 billion dollars annually...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697682/-choice-of-surgical-tactics-in-patients-with-acute-cholecystitis-complicated-by-cholelithiasis
#6
M L Rogal, S V Novikov, M M Magomedbekov, N E Kudryashova, A V Mironov
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Comparison of the methods of surgical treatment of cholelithiasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The work is based on the experience of treating 139 patients with acute cholecystitis complicated by choledocholithiasis from 2008 to 2016, who were on treatment of the department of acute surgical diseases of the liver and pancreas, N.V. Sklifosovsky. RESULTS: The use of percutaneous drainage of the gallbladder in an acute period can reduce complications and reduce the number of urgent video-laparoscopic cholecystectomies to 1%...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676951/laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-use-of-a-rigid-ureteroscope-a-single-institute-experience
#7
Imraan I Sardiwalla, Modise Z Koto, Neha Kumar, Moses A Balabyeki
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is used to treat choledocholithiasis. Flexible choledochoscopy is usually performed; however, this instrument is fragile and liable to breakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected and reviewed retrospectively from a prospectively maintained database. All cases of attempted LCBDE with the rigid ureteroscope at the institution since January 2014 were included. Demographic characteristics, preoperative attempted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), size of the bile duct, findings at laparoscopy, use of drain or T-tube, conversions, and morbidity or mortality were documented...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674006/spontaneous-common-bile-duct-perforation-a-rare-clinical-entity
#8
Melissa Amberger, Noelle Burton, Gayanthia Tissera, Gerard Baltazar, Shani Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous common bile duct perforation is an uncommon clinical entity in both adults and children. Few case reports have been published since the first clinical description in 1882. Our work has been reported in line with SCARE criteria. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Herein, we describe the case of a 28 year-old female who suffered spontaneous common bile duct perforation while admitted for choledocholithiasis. DISCUSSION: The perforation occurred while in-hospital, and extensive imaging and laboratory tests characterized the disease in detail...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627156/various-approaches-of-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-plus-primary-duct-closure-for-choledocholithiasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ming-Yan He, Xia-Dong Zhou, Hao Chen, Peng Zheng, Fa-Zhan Zhang, Wei-Wei Ren
BACKGROUND: Common bile duct (CBD) stones may occur in up to 3%-14.7% of all patients with cholecystectomy. Various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus primary duct closure (PDC) are the most commonly used and the best methods to treat CBD stone. This systematic review was to compare the effectiveness and safety of the various approaches of laparoscopic CBD exploration plus PDC for choledocholithiasis. DATA SOURCES: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized controlled trials (NRCTs) (case-control studies or cohort studies) were searched from Cochrane library (until Issue 2, 2015), Web of Science (1980-January 2016), PubMed (1966-January 2016), and Baidu search engine...
March 24, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626246/gallstone-pancreatitis-and-choledocholithiasis-using-imaging-and-laboratory-trends-to-predict-the-likelihood-of-persistent-stones-at-cholangiography
#10
Nikhil Panda, Yuchiao Chang, Nalin Chokengarmwong, Myriam Martinez, Liyang Yu, Peter J Fagenholz, Haytham A Kaafarani, David R King, Marc A DeMoya, George C Velmahos, D Dante Yeh
BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstone pancreatitis (GP) or choledocholithiasis (CDL) may have common bile duct (CBD) stones that persist until cholangiography. The aim of this study is to evaluate pre-cholangiogram factors that predict persistent CBD stones. METHODS: Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify demographic, laboratory, and radiologic predictors of persistent CBD stones and non-therapeutic cholangiography among adults with GP or CDL...
April 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616319/acute-pancreatitis-after-laparoscopic-transcystic-common-bile-duct-exploration-an-analysis-of-predisposing-factors-in-447-patients
#11
Matias E Czerwonko, Juan Pekolj, Pedro Uad, Oscar Mazza, Rodrigo Sanchez-Claria, Guillermo Arbues, Eduardo de Santibañes, Martín de Santibañes, Martín Palavecino
INTRODUCTION: In laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE), the risk of acute pancreatitis (AP) is well recognized. The present study assesses the incidence, risk factors, and clinical impact of AP in patients with choledocholithiasis treated with LTCBDE. METHODS: A retrospective database was completed including patients who underwent LTCBDE between 2007 and 2017. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by logistic regression. RESULTS: After exclusion criteria, 447 patients were identified...
April 3, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607530/systematic-review-drug-induced-liver-injury-alternative-causes-in-case-series-as-confounding-variables
#12
REVIEW
Rolf Teschke, Gaby Danan
AIMS: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is rare as compared to the worldwide frequent acute or chronic liver diseases. Therefore, patients included in series of suspected DILI are at high risk of not having DILI, whereby alternative causes may confound the DILI diagnosis. The aim of this review is to evaluate published case series of DILI for alternative causes. METHODS: Pertinent studies were identified using a computerized search of the Medline database for publications from 1993 through 30 October 2017...
April 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602995/learning-curve-for-performing-choledochotomy-bile-duct-exploration-with-primary-closure-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#13
Hengqing Zhu, Linquan Wu, Rongfa Yuan, Yu Wang, Wenjun Liao, Jun Lei, Jianghua Shao
BACKGROUND: Primary closure after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is a safe and effective approach for treating cholecystolithiasis with choledocholithiasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the learning curve of performing primary closure after LC+LCBDE. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients who underwent primary closure after LC+LCBDE performed by a single surgeon from January 2009 to April 2015 in our institution, and analyzed preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data using the cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis to evaluate the learning curve for this procedure...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600432/catheter-probe-extraductal-ultrasound-edus-exploration-of-the-common-bile-duct-is-safe-in-elderly-patients-with-suspicion-of-choledocholithiasis-after-distal-gastrectomy
#14
Thomas Togliani, Stefano Pilati, Andrea Lisotti, Giancarlo Caletti, Pietro Fusaroli
PURPOSE: Post-surgical upper gastrointestinal anatomy may hamper a complete bilio-pancreatic evaluation with a standard echoendoscope. The aim of this study was to assess the role of catheter probe extraductal ultrasound (EDUS) for the evaluation of the common bile duct (CBD) in patients who are status post-gastric surgery and who are suspected of having choledocholithiasis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with a prior history of gastric surgery, who underwent EDUS for a suspicion of CBD obstruction...
March 29, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594465/interpreting-body-mri-cases-classic-findings-in-abdominal-mri
#15
REVIEW
Leann Kania, Flavius Guglielmo, Donald Mitchell
Few things in radiology are "pathognomonic" in their appearance or presentation. However, having an awareness of those findings which are specific to a certain entity is important when interpreting imaging studies. These classic findings can be identified with many imaging modalities, but no modality provides as many recognizable observations as an MRI. This results from the large variety of pulse sequences that provide high contrast resolution, prior to and following contrast administration. In this article, the most classically recognized abdominal findings are presented including the following: Liver: Cyst, hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatic adenoma, hemosiderosis, hepatocellular carcinoma...
March 28, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566478/the-usefulness-of-cap-assisted-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-for-cannulation-complicated-by-a-periampullary-diverticulum
#16
Joonhwan Kim, Jun Soo Lee, Eui Joo Kim, Yeon Suk Kim, Jae Hee Cho
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an advanced therapeutic procedure to manage choledocholithiasis and pancreatobiliary malignancy. On occasion, ERCP failure is encountered due to difficulties in cannulation. We assessed the safety and feasibility of cap-assisted ERCP via analyzing cases in which cannulation was complicated by periampullary diverticulum. Between November 2013 and March 2014, ERCP procedures were performed in 346 patients in our tertiary medical center. Among the 73 patients who had a periampullary diverticulum, conventional ERCP failed in 5 patients due to hidden papilla (n=3) or use of tangential approach (n=2)...
March 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555524/intraoperative-cholangiography-during-cholecystectomy-in-sequential-treatment-of-cholecystocholedocholithiasis-to-be-or-not-to-be-that-is-the-question-a-cohort-study
#17
Antonia Rizzuto, Massimiliano Fabozzi, Anna Settembre, Stefano Reggio, Ernesto Tartaglia, Salomone Di Saverio, Piero Angelini, Vania Silvestri, Chiara Mignogna, Raffaele Serra, Stefano De Franciscis, Leonardo De Luca, Diego Cuccurullo, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis occurs in 10-15% of patients with cholecystolithiasis. Despite the existence of many therapeutic options for the treatment of cholecystocholedocholithiasis, a sequential treatment in which pre-operative ERCP is combined with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is the most commonly accepted strategy. However, use of IOC in the "splitting treatment" of cholecystocholedocholithiasis is controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing LC in the sequential treatment of common biliary duct or gallbladder stones...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541824/impact-of-jaundice-on-outcomes-following-emergency-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-patients-with-choledocholithiasis
#18
Benjamin R Poh, Paul A Cashin, Daniel G Croagh
INTRODUCTION: Traditional teaching dictates that it may not be prudent to take the jaundiced patient to theatre for emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy as they may experience worse outcomes following surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 104 patients undergoing emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy was stratified into two groups using a serum total bilirubin of above 50 μmol/L (2.9 mg/dL) to define the jaundiced group. Primary outcomes were morbidity and mortality rate...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536054/management-of-residual-gall-bladder-a-15-year-experience-from-a-north-indian-tertiary-care-centre
#19
Ashish Singh, Abhimanyu Kapoor, Rajneesh Kumar Singh, Anand Prakash, Anu Behari, Ashok Kumar, Vinay Kumar Kapoor, Rajan Saxena
Backgrounds/Aims: A residual gallbladder (RGB) following a partial/subtotal cholecystectomy may cause symptoms that require its removal. We present our large study regarding the problem of a RGB over a 15 year period. Methods: This study involved a retrospective analysis of patients managed for symptomatic RGB from January 2000 to December 2015. Results: A RGB was observed in 93 patients, who had a median age of 45 (25-70) years, and were comprised of 69 (74...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533266/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-combined-with-cholecystectomy-for-the-management-of-cholecysto-choledocholithiasis-an-up-to-date-meta-analysis
#20
Long Pan, Mingyu Chen, Lin Ji, Longbo Zheng, Peijian Yan, Jing Fang, Bin Zhang, Xiujun Cai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) with preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy (pre-EST) and LC for concomitant gallstones and common bile duct (CBD) stones. BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether LCBDE+LC is better than pre-EST+LC for gallstones and CBD stones. METHODS: A specific search of online databases was performed from January 2006 to October 2017...
March 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
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