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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838533/surgical-management-of-caseous-calcification-of-the-mitral-annulus
#1
Laura S Fong, Aden J McLaughlin, N Louis Okiwelu, Indra A J Nordstrand, Mark Newman, Jurgen Passage, Pragnesh V Joshi
Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a rare variant of mitral annular calcification; it can manifest with conduction abnormalities or systemic embolization. It typically involves the posterior mitral annulus, and surgery is indicated for severe mitral valve dysfunction, for embolic complications or when the diagnosis is not certain. We describe a structured approach to the surgical management of CCMA using bovine pericardium to repair the defect.
September 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810985/multimedia-campaign-enhances-orthopaedic-patient-perceptions-of-health-care-quality-a-prospective-analysis-of-effect-at-a-military-treatment-facility
#2
Andrew J Sheean, James N Foster, James K Aden, Creighton C Tubb, Anthony E Johnson, Daniel J Stinner
BACKGROUND: The importance of patient satisfaction as a measure of quality has grown with initiatives intended to enhance demand for services, refocus reimbursement paradigms, encourage health care efficiencies, and ultimately improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of our performance improvement project was to (1) characterize the effect of a two-pronged multimedia initiative on patient perceptions of health care quality and satisfaction as assessed by the Army Provider Level Satisfaction Survey (APLSS) and (2) assess for differences in APLSS scores between the surgeons that did and did not participate in the program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749716/predilection-to-dermato-lymphangio-adenitis-in-obstructive-lymphedema-of-lower-limbs-depending-on-genetic-polymorphisms-at-tnf%C3%AE-308g-a-ccr2-190g-a-cd14-159c-t-tlr2-2029c-t-tlr4-1063a-g-tlr4-1363c-t-tgf%C3%AE-74g-c-and-tgf%C3%AE-29t-c
#3
Waldemar L Olszewski, Malgorzata Zagozda, Marzanna T Zaleska, Marek Durlik
BACKGROUND: Infection is the most common type of complication observed in lymphedema and is promoted by lymphatic system dysfunction, which causes locoregional immune disorders. Infectious complications are primarily bacterial and most commonly cellulitis (dermato-lymphangio-adenitis, DLA) caused by patients' own skin Staphylococci epidermidis and aureus. The clinical course and outcomes in the immune response to infection have been shown to be associated with genetic polymorphisms. AIM: To investigate polymorphism of TNFα-308G>A, CCR2-190G>A, CD14-159C>T, TLR2 2029C>T, TLR4 1063A>G, TLR4 1363C>T, TGFβ 74G>C, and TGFβ 29T>C...
July 27, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481064/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-the-tumors-of-the-parotid-region-in-pediatrics-cohort
#4
R Oesterreich, J Udaquiola, P Lobos, J Moldes, D Liberto
INTRODUCTION: Parotid tumors are rare in children and usually have multiple differential diagnoses that require different diagnostic and treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all consecutive pediatric patients with parotid tumors that were treated in Pediatric Surgery Service of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with parotid tumors were included and 72% (n=16) were female patients...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254396/new-insights-on-tuberculous-aortitis
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Laure Delaval, Tiphaine Goulenok, Paul Achouh, David Saadoun, Julien Gaudric, Quentin Pellenc, Jean-Emmanuel Kahn, Nicoletta Pasi, Damien van Gysel, Patrick Bruneval, Thomas Papo, Karim Sacre
OBJECTIVE: Aortitis is an exceedingly rare manifestation of tuberculosis. We describe 11 patients with tuberculous aortitis (TA). METHODS: Multicenter medical charts of patients hospitalized between 2003 and 2015 with TA in Paris, France, were reviewed. Demographic, medical history, laboratory, imaging, pathologic findings, treatment, and follow-up data were extracted from medical records. TA was considered when aortitis was diagnosed in a patient with active tuberculosis...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100949/rosai-dorfman-disease-presenting-with-recurrent-unilateral-submandibular-lymph-adenitis-a-case-report
#6
Vipan Kumar, J S Bhandari, Sukirty Awasthi, Mohammad Rashid, Ankita Sharma
Rosai-Dorfman Disease (RDD) is a rare disease of unknown aetiology, initially described as a separate entity in 1969 by Rosai and Dorfman. We describe here a case of RDD presenting with acute, recurrent lymphadenitis and massive lymphadenopathy. The patient's good response to the antibiotics was a false pointer towards infective pathology. The repeated fine needle aspiration cytology was inconclusive or suggested nonspecific reactive hyperplasia. The excision biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of RDD and was supported by immune-histochemistry for S-100 antigen...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060255/a-model-of-cardiac-remodeling-through-constriction-of-the-abdominal-aorta-in-rats
#7
Hui-Chun Ku, Shih-Yi Lee, Yuan-Kun Aden Wu, Kai-Chien Yang, Ming-Jai Su
Heart failure is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. It is a complex clinical syndromethat includes fatigue, dyspnea, exercise intolerance, and fluid retention. Changes in myocardial structure, electrical conduction, and energy metabolism develop with heart failure, leading to contractile dysfunction, increased risk of arrhythmias, and sudden death. Hypertensive heart disease is one of the key contributing factors of cardiac remodeling associated with heart failure. The most commonly-used animal model mimicking hypertensive heart disease is created via surgical interventions, such as by narrowing the aorta...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438453/foreign-body-of-submandibular-gland
#8
Kayhan Ozturk, Omer Erdur, Ceren Aksoy
Obstructive adenitis is common disorder of submandibular gland. Sialolithiasis is the most common etiologic factor causing obstruction. If a sialolith is not detected, chronic obstruction of salivary glands is called nonspecific sialoadenitis. Foreign body-associated sialoadenitis of submandibular gland is very rare within the literature. In this study, the authors presented a patient having an unrecognized foreign body in the submandibular gland beside the duct that was causing chronic sialoadenitis. Foreign bodies must be explored and all suspected areas must be examined carefully for avoiding secondary problems and surgeries in the future...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374861/veno-arterial-ecmo-in-the-setting-of-post-infarct-ventricular-septal-defect-a-bridge-to-surgical-repair
#9
REVIEW
Aden McLaughlin, David McGiffin, James Winearls, Peter Tesar, Christopher Cole, Michael Vallely, Andrew Clarke, John Fraser
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex rescue therapy utilised to provide circulatory and/or respiratory support to critically ill patients who have failed maximal conventional therapy. The use of ECMO in adult cardiac surgery is not routine, occurring in a minority of critically ill patients, typically postoperatively. Presented here are three cases of post-infarct ventricular septal defect with cardiogenic shock managed preoperatively with ECMO support as a bridge to definitive surgical closure...
November 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279973/-a-rare-case-of-suppurative-mesenteric-adenitis-associated-with-intussusception-in-a-child-a-clinical-case
#10
Didier Tshibangu Mujinga, François Tshilombo Katombe
Some cases of suppurative mesenteric adenitis have already been described in the literature but not associated with intussusception. We describe the case of a 3-year-old boy presenting to the department of surgery at the University Hospital of Lubumbashi with bowel obstruction. He was visited elsewhere, in the previous 12 days, for diarrhea, vomiting, fever, coma and treated for cerebral malaria and blackwater fever. Surgery revealed an ileal intussusception and a suppurative mesenteric adenitis whose pyoculture revealed the presence of Enterobacter cloacae, sensitive to norfloxacin...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136654/u-s-military-experience-from-2001-to-2010-with-extremity-fasciotomy-in-war-surgery
#11
John F Kragh, Michael A Dubick, James K Aden, Anne L McKeague, Todd E Rasmussen, David G Baer, Lorne H Blackbourne
INTRODUCTION: After trauma, compartment syndrome of the extremities is a common, disabling, and-if managed suboptimally-lethal problem. Its treatment by surgical fasciotomy continues to be useful but controversial. The purpose of this survey is to measure survival and fasciotomy in a large trauma system to characterize trends and to determine if fasciotomy is associated with improved survival. METHODS: We retrospectively surveyed data from a military trauma registry for U...
May 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633119/-severe-neutropenia-as-side-effect-of-medical-treatment-in-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-adenitis
#12
Ignacio Ruíz del Olmo, Beatriz Romera, Carmelo Guerrero, Pedro Burgués, Matilde Bustillo
Non-tuberculous mycobacterial adenitis is getting more common in our environment. Epidemiologic studies and clinical trials published nowadays are limited. We present a 2-years-old boy diagnosed of Mycobacterium intracellulare adenitis and severe neutropenia as side effect of combined treatment with oral azythromycin and rifabutin, which recovers after suspending the second one. Liver metabolism of macrolide seems to increase other drugs toxicity, in this case, rifabutin. The patient eventually needed surgery due to persistence of the adenitis despite treatment with antibiotics...
October 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550309/incidence-of-abdominal-incisional-hernia-in-developing-country-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Litian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of abdominal incisional hernia in developing countries. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study identified all patients with abdominal surgery between 2006 to 2011 in Aden Public Hospital, Aden, Yemen and the Second Hospital Affiliated with Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China. The cohort was followed from their first until 1 year after their last abdominal surgery within the inclusion period or until the first of the following events: hernia repair, death, emigration, second abdominal surgery...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26526902/rapid-acquisition-axial-and-coronal-t2-haste-mr-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-abdominal-pain
#14
Sam Byott, Ian Harris
PURPOSE: To assess T2 HASTE MR in acute abdominal imaging and ascertain if it is a reliable alternative to CT in patients under 60. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In a prospective diagnostic performance study from January 2009 to December 2013, patients under 60 presenting with acute abdominal pain, that required imaging following surgical review, were imaged with T2 HASTE MR. Rapid acquisition HASTE (Half Fourier Acquisition Single Shot Turbo Spin Echo) coronal and axial sequences were obtained, without intravenous contrast...
January 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26314843/tert-promoter-mutations-contribute-to-idh-mutations-in-predicting-differential-responses-to-adjuvant-therapies-in-who-grade-ii-and-iii-diffuse-gliomas
#15
Zhen-Yu Zhang, Aden Ka-Yin Chan, Xiao-Jie Ding, Zhi-Yong Qin, Christopher S Hong, Ling-Chao Chen, Xin Zhang, Fang-Ping Zhao, Yin Wang, Yang Wang, Liang-Fu Zhou, Zhengping Zhuang, Ho-Keung Ng, Hai Yan, Yu Yao, Ying Mao
IDH mutations frequently occur in WHO grade II and III diffuse gliomas and have favorable prognosis compared to wild-type tumors. However, whether IDH mutations in WHO grade II and II diffuse gliomas predict enhanced sensitivity to adjuvant radiation (RT) or chemotherapy (CHT) is still being debated. Recent studies have identified recurrent mutations in the promoter region of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) in gliomas. We previously demonstrated that TERT promoter mutations may be promising biomarkers in glioma survival prognostication when combined with IDH mutations...
September 22, 2015: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26256936/surgery-vs-medical-treatment-in-the-management-of-pfapa-syndrome-a-comparative-trial
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Firat Erdogan, Kudret Kulak, Ozmen Öztürk, İlke Özahı İpek, Ömer Ceran, Hüseyin Seven
BACKGROUND: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is a common disorder in children but there is little or no consensus on its optimal diagnosis and management. OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcome of different management approaches - medical therapy or tonsillectomy. METHODS: The medical records of children diagnosed with PFAPA between 2008 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed according to the modified Thomas test criteria...
November 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897552/a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-pain-control-in-laparoscopic-urologic-surgery-0-25-bupivacaine-versus-long-acting-liposomal-bupivacaine
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Richard B Knight, Paul W Walker, Kirk A Keegan, Stephen M Overholser, Timothy S Baumgartner, James S Ebertowski, James K Aden, Michael A White
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Liposomal bupivacaine is a delayed-release preparation providing up to 72 hours of local analgesia. It costs much more than standard bupivacaine, however. A prospective, randomized, patient-blinded, controlled trial was performed to assess the efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine versus 0.25% bupivacaine when injected into surgical incisions during laparoscopic and robot-assisted urologic surgery. METHODS: A total of 206 adults were randomized to receive liposomal bupivacaine or 0...
September 2015: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25209127/tonsillectomy-for-periodic-fever-aphthous-stomatitis-pharyngitis-and-cervical-adenitis-syndrome-pfapa
#18
REVIEW
Martin J Burton, Andrew J Pollard, James D Ramsden, Lee Yee Chong, Roderick P Venekamp
BACKGROUND: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is a rare clinical syndrome of unknown cause usually identified in children. Tonsillectomy is considered a potential treatment option for this syndrome. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of tonsillectomy (with or without adenoidectomy) in children with PFAPA. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Trials Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials...
September 11, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25206314/acute-cervical-lymphadenitis-and-infections-of-the-retropharyngeal-and-parapharyngeal-spaces-in-children
#19
Emilie Georget, Anne Gauthier, Lydia Brugel, Suzanne Verlhac, Natacha Remus, Ralph Epaud, Fouad Madhi
BACKGROUND: Acute cervical adenitis can evolve into suppurative cervical lymphadenitis and may sometimes be associated with infection of the retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal spaces (i.e., retropharyngeal and poststyloid parapharyngeal abscesses). This study aimed to describe the clinical presentation of acute cervical lymphadenitis and infections of the retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal spaces in children and examine the management of these conditions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study including children from 3 months to 18 years old who were hospitalized in the Pediatric Department of the Centre-Intercommunal-de-Créteil between January 2003 and May 2010...
2014: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24997527/a-pilot-review-of-gradual-versus-goal-re-initiation-of-enteral-nutrition-after-burn-surgery-in-the-hemodynamically-stable-patient
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Beth A Shields, Jennifer N Brown, James K Aden, Marybeth Salgueiro, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas, Kevin K Chung
Severe weight loss resulting from inadequate nutritional intake along with the hypermetabolism after thermal injury can result in impaired immune function and delayed wound healing. This observational study was conducted on adults admitted between October 2007 and April 2012 with at least 20% total body surface area burn requiring excision who previously tolerated gastric enteral nutrition at calorie goal and who returned from surgery hemodynamically stable (no new pressor requirement) and compared the effect of goal rate re-initiation versus slow re-initiation after the first excision and grafting...
December 2014: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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