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Adenal surgery

Vipan Kumar, J S Bhandari, Sukirty Awasthi, Mohammad Rashid, Ankita Sharma
Rosai-Dorfman Disease (RDD) is a rare disease of unknown aetiology, initially described as a separate entity in 1969 by Rosai and Dorfman. We describe here a case of RDD presenting with acute, recurrent lymphadenitis and massive lymphadenopathy. The patient's good response to the antibiotics was a false pointer towards infective pathology. The repeated fine needle aspiration cytology was inconclusive or suggested nonspecific reactive hyperplasia. The excision biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of RDD and was supported by immune-histochemistry for S-100 antigen...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Hui-Chun Ku, Shih-Yi Lee, Yuan-Kun Aden Wu, Kai-Chien Yang, Ming-Jai Su
Heart failure is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. It is a complex clinical syndromethat includes fatigue, dyspnea, exercise intolerance, and fluid retention. Changes in myocardial structure, electrical conduction, and energy metabolism develop with heart failure, leading to contractile dysfunction, increased risk of arrhythmias, and sudden death. Hypertensive heart disease is one of the key contributing factors of cardiac remodeling associated with heart failure. The most commonly-used animal model mimicking hypertensive heart disease is created via surgical interventions, such as by narrowing the aorta...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Kayhan Ozturk, Omer Erdur, Ceren Aksoy
Obstructive adenitis is common disorder of submandibular gland. Sialolithiasis is the most common etiologic factor causing obstruction. If a sialolith is not detected, chronic obstruction of salivary glands is called nonspecific sialoadenitis. Foreign body-associated sialoadenitis of submandibular gland is very rare within the literature. In this study, the authors presented a patient having an unrecognized foreign body in the submandibular gland beside the duct that was causing chronic sialoadenitis. Foreign bodies must be explored and all suspected areas must be examined carefully for avoiding secondary problems and surgeries in the future...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Aden McLaughlin, David McGiffin, James Winearls, Peter Tesar, Christopher Cole, Michael Vallely, Andrew Clarke, John Fraser
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex rescue therapy utilised to provide circulatory and/or respiratory support to critically ill patients who have failed maximal conventional therapy. The use of ECMO in adult cardiac surgery is not routine, occurring in a minority of critically ill patients, typically postoperatively. Presented here are three cases of post-infarct ventricular septal defect with cardiogenic shock managed preoperatively with ECMO support as a bridge to definitive surgical closure...
November 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Didier Tshibangu Mujinga, François Tshilombo Katombe
Some cases of suppurative mesenteric adenitis have already been described in the literature but not associated with intussusception. We describe the case of a 3-year-old boy presenting to the department of surgery at the University Hospital of Lubumbashi with bowel obstruction. He was visited elsewhere, in the previous 12 days, for diarrhea, vomiting, fever, coma and treated for cerebral malaria and blackwater fever. Surgery revealed an ileal intussusception and a suppurative mesenteric adenitis whose pyoculture revealed the presence of Enterobacter cloacae, sensitive to norfloxacin...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
John F Kragh, Michael A Dubick, James K Aden, Anne L McKeague, Todd E Rasmussen, David G Baer, Lorne H Blackbourne
INTRODUCTION: After trauma, compartment syndrome of the extremities is a common, disabling, and-if managed suboptimally-lethal problem. Its treatment by surgical fasciotomy continues to be useful but controversial. The purpose of this survey is to measure survival and fasciotomy in a large trauma system to characterize trends and to determine if fasciotomy is associated with improved survival. METHODS: We retrospectively surveyed data from a military trauma registry for U...
May 2016: Military Medicine
Ignacio Ruíz del Olmo, Beatriz Romera, Carmelo Guerrero, Pedro Burgués, Matilde Bustillo
Non-tuberculous mycobacterial adenitis is getting more common in our environment. Epidemiologic studies and clinical trials published nowadays are limited. We present a 2-years-old boy diagnosed of Mycobacterium intracellulare adenitis and severe neutropenia as side effect of combined treatment with oral azythromycin and rifabutin, which recovers after suspending the second one. Liver metabolism of macrolide seems to increase other drugs toxicity, in this case, rifabutin. The patient eventually needed surgery due to persistence of the adenitis despite treatment with antibiotics...
October 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Litian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of abdominal incisional hernia in developing countries. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study identified all patients with abdominal surgery between 2006 to 2011 in Aden Public Hospital, Aden, Yemen and the Second Hospital Affiliated with Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China. The cohort was followed from their first until 1 year after their last abdominal surgery within the inclusion period or until the first of the following events: hernia repair, death, emigration, second abdominal surgery...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Sam Byott, Ian Harris
PURPOSE: To assess T2 HASTE MR in acute abdominal imaging and ascertain if it is a reliable alternative to CT in patients under 60. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In a prospective diagnostic performance study from January 2009 to December 2013, patients under 60 presenting with acute abdominal pain, that required imaging following surgical review, were imaged with T2 HASTE MR. Rapid acquisition HASTE (Half Fourier Acquisition Single Shot Turbo Spin Echo) coronal and axial sequences were obtained, without intravenous contrast...
January 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Zhen-Yu Zhang, Aden Ka-Yin Chan, Xiao-Jie Ding, Zhi-Yong Qin, Christopher S Hong, Ling-Chao Chen, Xin Zhang, Fang-Ping Zhao, Yin Wang, Yang Wang, Liang-Fu Zhou, Zhengping Zhuang, Ho-Keung Ng, Hai Yan, Yu Yao, Ying Mao
IDH mutations frequently occur in WHO grade II and III diffuse gliomas and have favorable prognosis compared to wild-type tumors. However, whether IDH mutations in WHO grade II and II diffuse gliomas predict enhanced sensitivity to adjuvant radiation (RT) or chemotherapy (CHT) is still being debated. Recent studies have identified recurrent mutations in the promoter region of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) in gliomas. We previously demonstrated that TERT promoter mutations may be promising biomarkers in glioma survival prognostication when combined with IDH mutations...
September 22, 2015: Oncotarget
Firat Erdogan, Kudret Kulak, Ozmen Öztürk, İlke Özahı İpek, Ömer Ceran, Hüseyin Seven
BACKGROUND: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is a common disorder in children but there is little or no consensus on its optimal diagnosis and management. OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcome of different management approaches - medical therapy or tonsillectomy. METHODS: The medical records of children diagnosed with PFAPA between 2008 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed according to the modified Thomas test criteria...
November 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Richard B Knight, Paul W Walker, Kirk A Keegan, Stephen M Overholser, Timothy S Baumgartner, James S Ebertowski, James K Aden, Michael A White
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Liposomal bupivacaine is a delayed-release preparation providing up to 72 hours of local analgesia. It costs much more than standard bupivacaine, however. A prospective, randomized, patient-blinded, controlled trial was performed to assess the efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine versus 0.25% bupivacaine when injected into surgical incisions during laparoscopic and robot-assisted urologic surgery. METHODS: A total of 206 adults were randomized to receive liposomal bupivacaine or 0...
September 2015: Journal of Endourology
Martin J Burton, Andrew J Pollard, James D Ramsden, Lee Yee Chong, Roderick P Venekamp
BACKGROUND: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is a rare clinical syndrome of unknown cause usually identified in children. Tonsillectomy is considered a potential treatment option for this syndrome. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of tonsillectomy (with or without adenoidectomy) in children with PFAPA. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Trials Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Emilie Georget, Anne Gauthier, Lydia Brugel, Suzanne Verlhac, Natacha Remus, Ralph Epaud, Fouad Madhi
BACKGROUND: Acute cervical adenitis can evolve into suppurative cervical lymphadenitis and may sometimes be associated with infection of the retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal spaces (i.e., retropharyngeal and poststyloid parapharyngeal abscesses). This study aimed to describe the clinical presentation of acute cervical lymphadenitis and infections of the retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal spaces in children and examine the management of these conditions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study including children from 3 months to 18 years old who were hospitalized in the Pediatric Department of the Centre-Intercommunal-de-Créteil between January 2003 and May 2010...
2014: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Beth A Shields, Jennifer N Brown, James K Aden, Marybeth Salgueiro, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas, Kevin K Chung
Severe weight loss resulting from inadequate nutritional intake along with the hypermetabolism after thermal injury can result in impaired immune function and delayed wound healing. This observational study was conducted on adults admitted between October 2007 and April 2012 with at least 20% total body surface area burn requiring excision who previously tolerated gastric enteral nutrition at calorie goal and who returned from surgery hemodynamically stable (no new pressor requirement) and compared the effect of goal rate re-initiation versus slow re-initiation after the first excision and grafting...
December 2014: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
J Devin B Watson, James K Aden, Julie E Engel, Todd E Rasmussen, Sean C Glasgow
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist examining the use of fecal diversion in combatants from modern armed conflicts. Characterization of factors leading to colostomy creation is an initial step toward optimizing and individualizing combat casualty care. METHODS: A retrospective review of the US Department of Defense Trauma Registry database was performed for all US and coalition troops with colorectal injuries sustained during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan over 8 years...
June 2014: Surgery
Jacqueline Vallim Jacobina Cavalcanti, Mariana Pereira Moura, Fabio Oliveira Monteiro
A 7-year-old, castrated male, domestic shorthair cat presented with generalized exfoliative dermatitis, lethargy, anorexia and weight loss. Multiple skin scrapings taken at the time did not reveal any abnormalities. Skin histopathological examination was consistent with sebaceous adenitis or exfoliative dermatitis caused by an underlying thymoma (thymoma-associated feline exfoliative dermatitis). Thoracic radiographs revealed a cranial mediastinal mass, which was removed surgically. Histopathological examinations indicated that it was a thymoma...
December 2014: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
K Stelter
Surgery of the tonsils is still one of the most frequent procedures during childhood. Due to a series of fatal outcome after hemorrhage in children in Austria in 2006, the standards and indications for tonsillectomy slowly change in Germany since that. However, there exist no national guidelines and the frequency of tonsil surgery varies in the country. In some districts eight times more children were tonsillectomized than in others. A tonsillectomy in children under 6 years should only be done if the child suffers from recurrent acute bacterially tonsillitis...
March 2014: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Manouri P Senanayake, Malik Samarasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Acute abdomen and acute appendicitis are unusual clinical presentations that occur in dengue infection-caused illness. Lymphoid hyperplasia and mesenteric adenitis are possible explanations, although vasculitis in the pathology of dengue infection has not been reported. Authors of previous case reports have described mimicking of acute appendicitis discovered upon surgical treatment. Dengue virus has not been proven to cause acute appendicitis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of an 8-year-old Sinhalese boy who developed acute appendicitis during the acute phase of serologically confirmed dengue fever...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Elisabeth Hultcrantz, Elisabeth Ericsson
Tonsil surgery has been performed for more than 3,000 years. During the 19th century when anesthesia became available, techniques were refined and the number of procedures performed increased. Repeated throat infections often causing big tonsils was the reason why parents asked for the procedure. During the preantibiotic era, scarlet fever was feared since potential heart or kidney complications were life-threatening. The technique used before 1900 was tonsillotomy since neither a fingernail, snare nor the later 'guillotine' were used extracapsularly...
2013: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
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