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Sebastian Zabierek, Jakub Zabierek, Adam Kwapisz, Marcin E Domzalski
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The patella plays an important role in knee biomechanics and provides anterior coverage of the knee joint. One to two percent of the population has an anatomical variant of patella called a bipartite patella that usually does not case pain. However, occasionally after injury or overuse during sport it can be a source of anterior knee pain. The purpose of this case report was to present a rare variant of bipartite patella and highlight conservative treatment of this condition...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Lei Zhai, Xin-Long Ma, Chuan Jiang, Bo Zhang, Shui-Tao Liu, Geng-Yan Xing
BACKGROUND: Currently, the available treatments for long bone nonunion (LBN) are removing of focus of infection, bone marrow transplantation as well as Ilizarov methods etc. Due to a high percentage of failures, the treatments are complex and debated. To develop an effective method for the treatment of LBN, we explored the use of human autologous bone mesenchymal stems cells (hBMSCs) along with extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty three patients of LBN were subjected to ESWT treatment and were divided into hBMSCs transplantation group (Group A, 32 cases) and simple ESWT treatment group (Group B, 31 cases)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Manuela Porso, Simona Loreti, Sveva Maria Nusca, Sara Luziatelli, Donatella Caccia, Giulia Taborri, Donatella Trischitta, Maurizio Taurino, Luca Padua, Vincenzo Maria Saraceni, Maria Chiara Vulpiani, Mario Vetrano
Chronic soft tissue wounds of the lower limbs are debilitating, painful and often unresponsive to advanced dressing treatments. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) could represent an alternative treatment. Ten patients with chronic soft tissue wounds of the legs, unresponsive to advanced dressing treatments for more than 3 mo, underwent three defocused ESWT sessions at 72-h intervals. In every session, the sum of 300 standard pulses + 100 pulses per square centimeter was applied at 0.15 mJ/mm(2) and 4 Hz over the edge of the wound...
October 10, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Angela Zissler, Peter Steinbacher, Reinhold Zimmermann, Stefan Pittner, Walter Stoiber, Arne C Bathke, Alexandra M Sänger
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are among the most common sports-related lesions in athletes; however, optimal treatment remains obscure. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) may be a promising approach in this context, because it has gained increasing importance in tissue regeneration in various medical fields. HYPOTHESIS: ESWT stimulates and accelerates regenerative processes of acute muscle injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Corey T Gatewood, Andrew A Tran, Jason L Dragoo
PURPOSE: There is a wide array of device modalities available for post-operative treatment following arthroscopic knee surgery; however, it remains unclear which types and duration of modality are the most effective. This systematic review aimed to investigate the efficacy of device modalities used following arthroscopic knee surgery. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was performed on: PubMed; Scopus; MEDLINE; EMBASE; PEDro; SportDiscus; and CINAHL databases (1995-2015) for clinical trials using device modalities following arthroscopic knee surgery: cryotherapy, continuous passive motion (CPM), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), surface electromyographic (sEMG) biofeedback and shockwave therapy (ESWT)...
October 1, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Ching-Jen Wang, Chung-Cheng Huang, Hon-Kan Yip, Ya-Ju Yang
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of different dosages of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) in early osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients (42 hips) were randomly divided into three groups. Group A (10 patients with 16 hips) received 2000 impulses of ESWT at 24 Kv to the affected hip. Group B (11 patients with 14 hips) and Group C (12 patients with 12 hips) received 4000 and 6000 impulses of ESWT respectively...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Robert Kraemer, Heiko Sorg, Vinzent Forstmeier, Karsten Knobloch, Eirini Liodaki, Felix Hagen Stang, Peter Mailaender, Tobias Kisch
Elucidation of the precise mechanisms and therapeutic options of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is only at the beginning. Although immediate real-time effects of ESWT on cutaneous hemodynamics have recently been described, the dose response to different ESWT energies in cutaneous microcirculation has never been examined. Thirty-nine Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to three groups that received either focused high-energy shock waves (group A: total of 1000 impulses, 10 J) to the lower leg of the hind limb, focused low-energy shock waves (group B: total of 300 impulses, 1 J) or placebo shock wave treatment (group C: 0 impulses, 0 J) using a multimodality shock wave delivery system (Duolith SD-1 T-Top, Storz Medical, Tägerwilen, Switzerland)...
September 20, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Nils Lynen, Thierry De Vroey, Imke Spiegel, Frederik Van Ongeval, Niels-Jan Hendrickx, Gaëtane Stassijns
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of hyaluronan (HA) injections with standard extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of painful midportion Achilles tendinopathy. DESIGN: Multinational, prospective, randomized controlled, blinded-observer trial. SETTING: Ambulatory care. PARTICIPANTS: Adults presenting Achilles midportion tendinopathy for at least 6 weeks and a pain score of at least 40 mm (Huskisson, visual analogue scale (VAS), 100 mm)...
September 14, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
J Everding, M Freistühler, J Stolberg-Stolberg, M J Raschke, P Garcia
BACKGROUND: Between 5 and 10 % of all fractures show disturbed healing or nonunion formation. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been described as a non-surgical treatment option. Even though the outcome has shown promising results, the procedure is not commonly used in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to analyze the union rate of pseudarthrosis and the cost savings after ESWT. METHODS: In this study 42 nonunions were treated with shock waves (LithSpaceOrtho, JenaMedtech)...
September 14, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Lei Wang, Yuquan Jiang, Zheng Jiang, Lizhang Han
BACKGROUND: Latest studies show that low-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) can upregulate levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF can ease nervous tissue harm after spinal cord injury (SCI). This study aims to explore whether low-energy ESWT can promote expression of VEGF, protect nervous tissue after SCI, and improve motor function. METHODS: Ninety adult female rats were divided into the following groups: Group A (simple laminectomy), Group B (laminectomy and low-energy ESWT), Group C (spinal cord injury), and Group D (spinal cord injury and low-energy ESWT)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Mahmoud I Ibrahim, Robert A Donatelli, Madeleine Hellman, Ahmed Z Hussein, John P Furia, Christoph Schmitz
Numerous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) demonstrated efficacy and safety of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for chronic plantar fasciopathy (cPF). However, only two such RCTs investigated a follow-up period of more than 1 year, both applying focused ESWT. Corresponding data for radial ESWT (rESWT) have not yet been reported. We therefore tested the hypothesis that rESWT is effective and safe for the management of cPF with long-term follow-up of 2 years. To this end n = 50 patients with cPF were randomly allocated to either two sessions of rESWT (one session per week; 2,000 shock waves with energy flux density of 0...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Babak Vahdatpour, Abolghasem Kiyani, Farnaz Dehghan
BACKGROUND: The carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common neuropathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new and noninvasive treatment including extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of CTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a clinical trial conducted on 60 patients with moderate CTS in selected health centers of Isfahan Medical University from November 2014 to April 2015. Patients with CTS were randomly divided into two groups...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Alisara Arirachakaran, Manusuk Boonard, Sarunpong Yamaphai, Akom Prommahachai, Suraphol Kesprayura, Jatupon Kongtharvonskul
: Treatment of calcific tendinitis using extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), ultrasound-guided percutaneous lavage (UGPL or barbotage), subacromial corticosteroid injection (SAI) and combined treatment is still controversial. This systematic review and meta-regression aimed to compare clinical outcomes between treatments. Relevant RCTs were identified using PubMed and Scopus search engines to date of September 23, 2015. Seven of 920 studies identified were eligible. Compared to the other treatments, the results of this study indicate that ESWT significantly improved CMS and VAS when compared to placebo...
August 23, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jai-Hong Cheng, Ching-Jen Wang, Shi-Hao Su, Chien-Yiu Huang, Shan-Ling Hsu
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has shown chondroprotective effects on the initiation of the osteoarthritis (OA) changes of the rat knee. This study evaluated 69 significant expressed profiles of microRNA (miRNA) in the articular cartilage and subchondral bone after ESWT. There were 118 target genes identified for miRNAs of interest in articular cartilage and 214 target genes in subchondral bone by next generation sequencing (NGS). In principal component analysis (PCA), the relationships of miRNA expression in bone and cartilage were improved after ESWT...
August 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Jin-Young Lee, Jae-Woo Kwon, Jung-Seob Park, Kyeol Han, Woo-Jin Shin, Jeong-Gil Lee, Byung Hoon Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical results of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) with radiographic staging on patients with avascular necrosis of femoral head (AVNFH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 24 patients diagnosed with AVNFH (32 hip joints) who were treated with ESWT from 1993 to 2012. Average follow-up period was 27 months, and the average age of patients was 47.8 years. The Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) system was used to grade radiographic stage prior to treatment...
December 2015: Hip Pelvis
Yoon Soo Cho, So Young Joo, Huisong Cui, Sung-Rae Cho, Haejun Yim, Cheong Hoon Seo
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been used to reduce pain in patients with various musculoskeletal diseases and wounds. We investigated the effect of ESWT on scar pain after complete wound epithelialization in burn patients. METHODS: A prospective, single-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted from February 2014 to 2015. Forty patients with burn scar pain despite standard therapy (medication, physical therapy, and burn rehabilitation massage therapy) were randomized into ESWT or control (sham ESWT) groups...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jacqueline A Pfaff, Birgit Boelck, Wilhelm Bloch, Georg-Hubertus Nentwig
INTRODUCTION: Enhancement of bone regeneration is crucial to dental implantology. Growth factors play a significant role during osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) enhances bone healing; however, no studies have yet been performed in oral implantology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent bilateral mandibular wisdom tooth removal were included. ESWT was applied to 1 side of the jaw. Blood samples were collected from the peripheral vein (PB), mandibular bone marrow without and with ESWT (BM-/+SW)...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
Sandra Blumhardt, Diana P Frey, Martin Toniolo, Hatem Alkadhi, Ulrike Held, Oliver Distler
OBJECTIVES: Calcinosis cutis is a frequent, difficult to treat manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc) associated with high morbidity. The aim of this prospective, controlled, monocentric study was to assess safety and efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for calcinosis cutis of the finger in SSc patients. METHODS: A 12-week proof of concept study in which 4 SSc patients with calcinosis cutis were treated at one painful finger with high-energy, focused ESWT, in 3 sessions with one-week interval between each session...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Heinz Lohrer, Tanja Nauck, Vasileios Korakakis, Nikos Malliaropoulos
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a conservative treatment modality with still growing interest in musculoskeletal disorders. This narrative review aims to present an overview covering 20-year development in the field of musculoskeletal ESWT. Eight historical paradigms have been identified and put under question from a current perspective: energy intensity, focus size, anesthesia, imaging, growth plates, acuteness, calcifications, and number of sessions. All paradigms as set in a historical consensus meeting in 1995 are to be revised...
2016: BioMed Research International
Andrea Santamato, Francesco Panza, Angela Notarnicola, Gennaro Cassatella, Francesca Fortunato, Jula Laura de Sanctis, Giovanni Valeno, Patrick G Kehoe, Davide Seripa, Giancarlo Logroscino, Pietro Fiore, Maurizio Ranieri
UNLABELLED: Study Design Single-blind randomized trial. Background Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been shown to produce good results in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). The efficacy of a combined administration of ESWT and isokinetic exercise (IE) has not yet been studied. Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of focused ESWT combined with IE for the rotator cuff versus focused ESWT alone in the treatment of SAIS. The secondary objective was to assess the isokinetic torque recovery (external rotation at 210°/s, 180°/s, and 120°/s)...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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