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Friedemann Zengerling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Paola Rossi, Raffaele Difrancia, Vincenzo Quagliariello, Elena Savino, Paolo Tralongo, Cinzia Lucia Randazzo, Massimiliano Berretta
Culinary and medicinal mushrooms are widely used in Asian countries, both as dietary supplements and as nutraceutical foods. They have recently become popular in Europe, as well, for their nutritional and health benefits. In particular, epidemiological studies conducted in Asia suggest that mushroom intake, together with other phytotherapy substances, protects against cancer, specifically gastrointestinal (GI) and breast cancers. Most of the data come from in vitro studies and in vivo experimental animal models...
May 15, 2018: Oncotarget
Arul Ananth Devanesan, Tietel Zipora, Bell Aseervatham G Smilin, Garlapati Deviram, Sivasudha Thilagar
PURPOSE: Pedalium murex is a fruit-bearing annual herb, native to South India, Mexico and tropical Africa. The plant is widely used to treat numerous diseases including gastric ulcer, asthma, heart problems, anti inflammatory activity and particularly urinary disorders. Traditional medicine has become a skilled approach by means of rational values in handling a variety of diseases and developing an affordable phytotherapy. It is proclaimed that P.murex is an expensive source of unique bioactive compounds for the development of natural medicines against various diseases...
July 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Marta Klimek-Szczykutowicz, Agnieszka Szopa, Halina Ekiert
The herb of Nasturtium officinale is a raw material that has long been used in the traditional medicine of Iran, Azerbaijan, Morocco and Mauritius. Nowadays, this raw material is the object of numerous professional pharmacological studies that have demonstrated its antioxidant, anticancer, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective properties. These therapeutic effects are caused by glucosinolates present in the plant, isothiocyanates, polyphenols (flavonoids, phenolic acids, proanthocyanidins), terpenes (including carotenoids), vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B6, E, C) and bioelements...
May 28, 2018: Fitoterapia
Alessandra-Maria-Ceolin Milani, Carmen-Lúcia-Rodrigues Macedo, Mariana-De-Carlo Bello, Celso-Afonso Klein-Júnior, Rubem-Beraldo Dos Santos
The burning mouth syndrome (BMS) has no specific clinical and laboratory signs. Its etiology is yet to be elucidated, but it is considered to be affected by multifactorial, psychological, and local and systemic factors. This condition is considered of great morbidity, and the main complaint of patients maybe associated with xerostomia, thirst, and altered taste. The present study aims to report two cases of BMS and to evaluate the outcome of cognitive therapy (CT) plus phytotherapy in the control of BMS. The patients were female, Caucasian, and aged between 58 and 69 years...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Arman Zargaran, Afshin Borhani-Haghighi, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani, Pouya Faridi, Saeid Daneshamouz, Amir Azadi, Hossein Sadeghpour, Amirhossein Sakhteman, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh
Phytotherapy is a source of finding new remedies for migraine. Traditional chamomile oil (chamomile extraction in sesame oil) is a formulation in Persian medicine (PM) for pain relief in migraine. An oleogel preparation of reformulated traditional chamomile oil was prepared and then standardized based on chamazulene (as a marker in essential oil) and apigenin via gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods, respectively. A crossover double-blind clinical trial was performed with 100 patients...
May 28, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Ricardo Consentino, Maria João Santos, Luís Carlos Matos, Jorge Pereira Machado
Background: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) may be understood as a system of sensations and findings designed to establish the functional vegetative state of the body. This state may be treated by several therapeutic methods such as acupuncture, Chinese pharmacotherapy, dietetics, Tuina , and Qigong . Nowadays, as a result of several evidence-based reported beneficial effects over specific pathological conditions, there is an increasing tendency to integrate some of these practices in Western medicine. The main goal of this study was to perform a bibliometric analysis of TCM scientific production between 1982 and 2016 indexed in PubMed, by analyzing several parameters including time and location distribution, publication quality, experimental design, and treatment methods...
May 3, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Janaína Artem Ataide, Letícia Caramori Cefali, Fernanda Machado Croisfelt, Andréa Arruda Martins Shimojo, Laura Oliveira-Nascimento, Priscila Gava Mazzola
Nature has been a source of medicinal treatments for thousands of years, with the use of plants as prototypes for drug development and for the extraction of active compounds. Skin injuries occur regularly in everyday life, and the human skin has the ability to promote repair spontaneously under healthy conditions. However, some intrinsic and external factors may interfere with skins' natural ability, leading to nonhealing lesions and chronic wounds, which directly affect health and quality of life. Thus, attention should be given to this health problem, using an appropriated management when necessary...
May 2, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Mousa Tavassoli, Ghader Jalilzadeh-Amin, Vahid R. Besharati Fard, Rahim Esfandiarpour
The high incidence of equine gastrointestinal worms and their increased resistance against anthelmintics has encouraged research into the effectiveness of rational phytotherapy. This study investigates the in vitro anti-parasitic effects of extracts of Ferula asafoetida and Allium sativum, two native plants that are widespread in Iran on Strongylus spp. larvae. Faecal samples were collected from horses, examined by routine parasitology methods and positive samples were used for future examination. After incubation, the third-stage larvae were harvested by the Baermann technique...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Anna Blázovics
The terminology of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is hardly interpretable in the context of human genome, therefore the human genome program attracted attention towards the Western practice of medicine in China. In the last two decades, several important steps could be observed in China in relation to the approach of traditional Chinese and Western medicine. The Chinese government supports the realization of information databases for research in order to clarify the molecular biology level to detect associations between gene expression signal transduction pathways and protein-protein interactions, and the effects of bioactive components of Chinese drugs and their effectiveness...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Sylwia Zielińska, Anna Jezierska-Domaradzka, Magdalena Wójciak-Kosior, Ireneusz Sowa, Adam Junka, Adam M Matkowski
As antique as Dioscorides era are the first records on using Chelidonium as a remedy to several sicknesses. Inspired by the " signatura rerum " principle and an apparent ancient folk tradition, various indications were given, such as anti-jaundice and cholagogue, pain-relieving, and quite often mentioned-ophthalmological problems. Central and Eastern European folk medicine has always been using this herb extensively. In this region, the plant is known under many unique vernacular names, especially in Slavonic languages, associated or not with old Greek relation to "chelidon"-the swallow...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Jihed Boubaker, Imene Ben Toumia, Aicha Sassi, Imen Bzouich-Mokded, Sonia Ghoul Mazgar, Fairouz Sioud, Ahmed Bedoui, Sihem Safta Skhiri, Kamel Ghedira, Leila Chekir-Ghedira
This study evaluated the antitumoral effect of Chloroform extract from Nitraria retusa leaves, via its major compounds β-sitosterols and palmitic acid. BALB/c mice were subcutaneously inoculated with B16-F10 cells, then treated intra-peritoneally after 7 days with the chloroform extract for 21 days. They were then euthanized, and the tumors were weighed. Lung parenchyma was analyzed. Lymphocyte and macrophages proliferation, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activities were evaluated using the MTT assay. Macrophage phagocytosis was evaluated by measuring the lysosomal activity and nitric oxide production...
May 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
M Samarinas, M Gacci, A de la Taille, S Gravas
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this narrative review is to evaluate the role of prostatic inflammation as a treatment target for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) and provide an update on the available therapies. METHODS: An extensive literature search was conducted for studies on established and investigational treatments with anti-inflammatory mechanism of action that has been assessed for the management of male LUTS due to BPO...
April 24, 2018: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Younes Najafian, Shokouh Sadat Hamedi, Masoumeh Kaboli Farshchi, Zohre Feyzabadi
Plantago major has been used widely since ancient times, to manage a wide range of diseases including constipation, coughs and wounds. The aim of this study is to review the traditional application, botanical characterization, pharmacological activities, phytochemistry effects and toxicity of Plantago major. In this review study, medicinal properties of Plantago major are collected from credible pharmacopeias, textbooks of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) belonging to the 10-18th century AD, such as "The Canon of Medicine", "Makhzan-Al- Advia" and so on...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
Zuzana Vargová, Jana Rudá Kučerová
Subjective perception of insufficient milk supply is one of the most common problems of nursing mothers. For centuries, herbs have been used to increase lactation and remain popular even today. There is only a limited number of studies proving their safety and effectivity, so their use is based primarily on previous experience. The use of certain herbs has shown that they could be effective and safe, but further research is needed to define terms of use. This paper describes preliminary findings on the mechanism of action, adverse effects and possible interactions observed in some herbs frequently used to promote lactation...
2018: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
Cynthia de Jesus Freire, Lucas Roberto da Silva Barbosa, João Gomes da Costa, Renata Guerda de Araújo Santos, Aldenir Feitosa Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of phytotherapy as a therapy adopted in the context of Primary Care to Childhood. METHOD: Observational and analytical field research, with quantitative-qualitative approach. A semi-structured survey was used on socio-demographic and ethnopharmacological variables, audio interview and daily observation. RESULTS: The production of knowledge about phytotherapy constitutes a family heritage, but incorporated data resulting from the daily experiences shared by the community...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Shokouhsadat Hamedi, Masoud Honarvar
BACKGROUND: Beta vulgaris (family: Chenopodiacea) is now much used in the food industry as a rich source of sugar but it is much less considered in medicine. Beet has been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years to treat a variety of diseases such as constipation, decreased libido, gut and joint pain and dandruff. METHODS: This study introduced the benefits of Beta vulgaris by reviewing of Iranian traditional documents from 10th century until now and also compared modern phytotherapy of plant beet from the electronic data banks such as ISI, Pub Med and Scopus with findings that extracted from traditional literature...
March 8, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Tatiana V Kirichenko, Veronika A Myasoedova, Igor A Sobenin, Alexander N Orekhov
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease caused by atherosclerosis affecting cerebral and pre-cerebral arteries is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in high-income countries. Medications of botanical origin are often characterized by good tolerability and are suitable for long-term treatment. Therefore, phytotherapy provides an interesting possibility for developing new therapies for prevention of atherosclerosis and its complications that could be used at preclinical stages of the disease...
March 5, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
S Sarshar, J Sendker, X Qin, F M Goycoolea, M R Asadi Karam, M Habibi, S Bouzari, U Dobrindt, A Hensel
Fruits from Apium graveolens (Celery) are used traditionally in Persian and European medicine for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections. No data are available on A. graveolens extract on the interplay between uropathogenic E. coli and the eukaryotic host cells and on quorum sensing of the bacteria. The present study aimed to characterize an antiadhesive and anti quorum sensing effect of a characterized A. graveolens extract by specific in vitro assays and to correlate these effects with in vivo data obtained by an animal infection model...
February 26, 2018: Fitoterapia
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