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Phytotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977244/evaluation-of-phytotherapy-alternatives-for-controlling-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-in-vitro
#1
José Pablo Villarreal Villarreal, Pedro Rassier Dos Santos, Maria Antonieta Machado Pereira da Silva, Rosaria Helena Machado Azambuja, Carolina Lambrecht Gonçalves, Jesus Jaime Hernández Escareño, Tânia Regina Bettin Dos Santos, Claudio Martin Pereira de Pereira, Rogério Antonio Freitag, Patrícia da Silva Nascente
The objective of this study was to identify the main chemical components of the essential oil of Cuminum cyminum L. (cumin) and of the fixed oils of Bertholletia excelsa (Brazil nut) and of Helianthus annuus (sunflower seed). As well as testing the three oils and three different commercial synthetic acaricides against engorged females of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in order to explore their acaricidal efficacy. Six different concentrations of the oils (200, 100, 50, 25, 12.5 and 6.25 mg/mL) and the active principles were evaluated with the Adult Immersion Test (AIT)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975109/phytotherapy-of-nephrotoxicity-induced-by-cancer-drugs-an-updated-review
#2
REVIEW
Saeid Heidari-Soreshjani, Majid Asadi-Samani, Qian Yang, Ali Saeedi-Boroujeni
CONTEXT: Kidney is one of the vital organs maintaining homeostasis of body and thus dysfunction of kidney affects quality of life and health severely. Anticancer drugs, particularly chemotherapeutic agents, cause high toxicity leading kidney dysfunction and irreparable kidney injury. Therefore, attention has recently been paid to seeking out alternatives such as nature-based drugs that are effective but less toxic. In this regard, this systematic review article is to report and introduce the most important medicinal plants and their derivatives that are used to reduce anticancer drug-induced nephrotoxicity...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948657/a-critical-review-on-phytochemistry-pharmacology-of-viola-odorata-l-and-related-multipotential-products-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Zohre Feyzabadi, Fariba Ghorbani, Yasaman Vazani, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Common violet (Viola odorata L., Violaceae) has shown various medical applications. Current study aimed to compile a review over chemical composition and medicinal properties of this plant in modern phytotherapy and its related multipotential products from traditional Persian medicine (TPM). Medicinal applications of V. odorata and respective products were derived from credible pharmaceutical textbooks of TPM (10th-18th century AD). In parallel, electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect were explored for targeted purposes...
September 26, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946212/methyl-jasmonate-reduces-testosterone-induced-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-through-regulation-of-inflammatory-and-apoptotic-processes-in-rats
#4
Oluwatosin Adekunle Adaramoye, Olubukola Oyebimpe Akanni, Olusoji John Abiola, Solomon Eduviere Owumi, Oluyemi Akinloye, Emiola Olubunmi Olapade-Olaopa
BACKGROUND: Phytotherapy is becoming a treatment option in management of diseases including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We have shown previously that methyl jasmonate (MeJA) ameliorated BPH, however the underlying mechanism of action remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate in mechanistic terms the protective role of MeJA in BPH. METHODS: BPH was induced by daily injections of testosterone propionate (TP) (3mg/kg) for 28 days. RESULTS: The weight and organo-somatic weight of prostate in BPH rats were 6...
September 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930246/medicinal-plants-used-for-neuropsychiatric-disorders-treatment-in-the-hauts-bassins-region-of-burkina-faso
#5
Prosper T Kinda, Patrice Zerbo, Samson Guenné, Moussa Compaoré, Alin Ciobica, Martin Kiendrebeogo
Background: In Burkina Faso, phytotherapy is the main medical alternative used by populations to manage various diseases that affect the nervous system. The aim of the present study was to report medicinal plants with psychoactive properties used to treat neuropsychiatric disorders in the Hauts Bassins region, in the western zone of Burkina Faso. Methods: Through an ethnobotanical survey using structured questionnaire, 53 traditional healers (TH) were interviewed about neuropsychiatric disorders, medicinal plants and medical practices used to treat them...
May 19, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892888/role-of-herbal-agents-tea-tree-oil-and-aloe-vera-as-cavity-disinfectant-adjuncts-in-minimally-invasive-dentistry-an-in-vivo-comparative-study
#6
Gaurav Patri, Aliva Sahu
INTRODUCTION: The prevention and control of caries necessitates the elimination of cariogenic bacteria and cavity disinfectants have proved to play a major role in achieving the goal. The use of phytotherapy is trending and many natural products have shown anti-microbial properties which can be used as cavity disinfectant in the field of dentistry. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of herbal antibacterial agents (Tea Tree Oil (TTO) and Aloe vera) with commercially available 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) as cavity disinfectant for use in minimally invasive dentistry...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856711/rationale-and-design-of-the-canari-study-a-case-control-study-investigating-the-association-between-prostate-cancer-and-5-alpha-reductase-inhibitors-for-symptomatic-benign-prostate-hypertrophy-by-linking-sniiram-and-pathology-laboratories-in-a-specific-region
#7
Lucie-Marie Scailteux, Frédéric Balusson, Sébastien Vincendeau, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Emmanuel Nowak
Benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) could be associated with low urinary symptoms requiring medical treatment: 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors (5-ARI) or ɑ-blockers. Two clinical trials investigating 5-ARI use in prostate cancer (PCa) primary prevention highlighted a potential safety signal with an increased risk of high grade PCa. Later observational studies failed to show similar results but have some limits. The present paper focuses on describing the protocol of the CANARI study and its feasibility, as regards the matching process of two pseudo-anonymous databases...
August 30, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855813/saudi-medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-scorpion-sting-envenomation
#8
REVIEW
Abdulrahman Al-Asmari, Rajamohamed Abbas Manthiri, Nasreddien Abdo, Fawzi Abdullah Al-Duaiji, Haseeb Ahmad Khan
Scorpion sting envenoming poses major public health problems. The treatment modalities include antivenoms, chemical antidotes and phytotherapy, with varying degrees of effectiveness and side effects. In this investigation, we reviewed the use of Saudi medicinal plants for the treatment of scorpion sting patients. The relevant literature was collected using the online search engines including Science Direct, Google and PubMed with the help of specific keywords. We also used the printed and online resources at our institutional library to gather the relevant information on the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of scorpion sting patients...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845434/phytotherapy-and-nutritional-supplements-on-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
C M Lopes, A Dourado, R Oliveira
Breast cancer is the most frequent type of nonskin malignancy among women worldwide. In general, conventional cancer treatment options (i.e., surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, biological therapy, and hormone therapy) are not completely effective. Recurrence and other pathologic situations are still an issue in breast cancer patients due to side effects, toxicity of drugs in normal cells, and aggressive behaviour of the tumours. From this point of view, breast cancer therapy and adjuvant methods represent a promising and challenging field for researchers...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841426/a-new-method-based-on-supercritical-fluid-extraction-for-polyacetylenes-and-polyenes-from-echinacea-pallida-nutt-nutt-roots
#10
Massimo Tacchini, Antonella Spagnoletti, Virginia Brighenti, Francesco Pio Prencipe, Stefania Benvenuti, Gianni Sacchetti, Federica Pellati
The genus Echinacea (Asteraceae) includes species traditionally used in phytotherapy. Among them, Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt. root extracts are characterized by a representative antiproliferative activity, due to the presence of acetylenic compounds. In this study, supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) was applied and compared with conventional Soxhlet extraction (SE) in order to obtain a bioactive extract highly rich in polyacetylenes and polyenes from E. pallida roots. The composition of the extracts was monitored by means of HPLC-UV/DAD and HPLC-ESI-MS(n) by using an Ascentis Express C18 column (150mm×3...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839480/insight-into-oral-biofilm-primary-secondary-and-residual-caries-and-phyto-challenged-solutions
#11
REVIEW
Smitha Chenicheri, Usha R, Rajesh Ramachandran, Vinoy Thomas, Andrew Wood
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is known to be one of the most widespread, chronic infections affecting all ages and populations worldwide. The plethora of oral microbial population paves way for various endogenous infections and plays a crucial role in polymicrobial interactions contributing to biofilm-mediated diseases like caries and periodontal diseases. METHODS: Extensive literature survey was conducted using the scientific databases like PubMed, Google scholar, Science Direct, etc...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836870/phytotherapy-as-an-alternative-to-conventional-antimicrobials-combating-microbial-resistance
#12
Elena Yu Enioutina, Lida Teng, Tatyana V Fateeva, Jessica C S Brown, Kathleen M Job, Valentina V Bortnikova, Lubov V Krepkova, Michael I Gubarev, Catherine M T Sherwin
In the modern antimicrobial era, the rapid spread of resistance to antibiotics and introduction of new and mutating viruses is a global concern. Combating antimicrobial resistant microbes (AMR) requires coordinated international efforts that incorporate new conventional antibiotic development as well as development of alternative drugs with antimicrobial activity, management of existing antimicrobials, and rapid detection of AMR pathogens. Areas covered: This manuscript discusses some conventional strategies to control microbial resistance...
August 31, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764166/phytotherapy-in-streptococcusagalactiae-an-overview-of-the-medicinal-plants-effective-against-streptococcus-agalactiae
#13
REVIEW
Somayeh Delfani, Mahmoud Bahmani, Reza Mohammadrezaei-Khorramabadi, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Streptococcus agalactiae is a spherical and Gram-positive bacterium that causes postpartum sepsis, endometritis, chorioamnionitis and premature delivery in pregnant women. The use of herbs and natural ingredients for the treatment of various disorders has been common. The present review is a report on the medicinal plants with anti-Streptococcus agalactiae effects. In this review, the search was carried out in Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar and Science direct by keywords such as bacteria, Streptococcus agalactiae and medicinal plants...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756997/treatment-of-oral-lichen-planus-systematic-review-and-therapeutic-guide
#14
REVIEW
María José García-Pola, Laura González-Álvarez, José M Garcia-Martin
In this systematic review, 55 structured articles on the therapeutic efficacy against pain and clinical signs of oral lichen planus (OLP) were analysed. The literature search was developed according to the criteria of the PRISMA system, selecting the tests performed using one of the following methodological designs: drug (active ingredient) vs. drug in different excipient or concentration, drug vs. different active principle, drug vs. phytotherapy and drug vs. treatment with phototherapy. Based on the results, an algorithm is proposed to guide the treatment of OLP in its atrophic and erosive clinical forms...
October 23, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752649/safety-efficacy-and-mechanistic-studies-regarding-citrus-aurantium-bitter-orange-extract-and-p-synephrine
#15
REVIEW
Sidney J Stohs
Citrus aurantium L. (bitter orange) extracts that contain p-synephrine as the primary protoalkaloid are widely used for weight loss/weight management, sports performance, appetite control, energy, and mental focus and cognition. Questions have been raised about the safety of p-synephrine because it has some structural similarity to ephedrine. This review focuses on current human, animal, in vitro, and mechanistic studies that address the safety, efficacy, and mechanisms of action of bitter orange extracts and p-synephrine...
July 28, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735826/affron-%C3%A2-a-novel-saffron-extract-crocus-sativus-l-improves-mood-in-healthy-adults-over-4-weeks-in-a-double-blind-parallel-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Graham Kell, Amanda Rao, Gavin Beccaria, Paul Clayton, Antonio Manuel Inarejos-García, Marin Prodanov
BACKGROUND: In recent years phytotherapy has been explored as a source for alternative treatments for mood disorders. One potential candidate is saffron (Crocus sativus L.), whose main bioactive components are crocins and safranal. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of affron(®), a standardised stigmas extract from Crocus sativus L. for improving mood, stress, anxiety and sleep quality in healthy adults. METHODS: In this 3 arm study, 128 participants self-reporting low mood but not diagnosed with depression, were given affron(®) at 28mg/day, 22mg/day, or a placebo treatment in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial for 4 weeks...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732430/bee-pollen-flavonoids-as-a-therapeutic-agent-in-allergic-and-immunological-disorders
#17
Masoomeh Jannesar, Maryam Sharif Shoushtari, Ahmad Majd, Zahra Pourpak
Bee pollen grains, as the male reproductive part of seed-bearing plants contain considerable concentrations of various phytochemicals and nutrients. Since antiquity, people throughout the world used pollens to cure colds, flu, ulcers, premature aging, anemia and colitis. It is now well-documented that some bee pollen secondary metabolites (e.g. flavonoid) may have positive health effects. In recent years, the flavonoids have attracted much interest because of their wide range of biological properties and their beneficial effects on human health...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703314/stephanine-from-stephania-venosa-blume-spreng-showed-effective-antiplasmodial-and-anticancer-activities-the-latter-by-inducing-apoptosis-through-the-reverse-of-mitotic-exit
#18
Phuong Mai Le, Vandana Srivastava, Thanh Tam Nguyen, Bruno Pradines, Marylin Madamet, Joel Mosnier, Thi Thuy Trinh, Hoyun Lee
Extracts from the tubers of Stephania venosa (Blum) Spreng growing in Vietnam significantly inhibited cell proliferation against a number of cancer cells including HeLa, MDA-MB231 and MCF-7 cells. A bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of four aporphine and one tetrahydroprotoberberine alkaloids: dehydrocrebanine 1, tetrahydropalmatine 2, stephanine 3, crebanine 4 and O-methylbulbocapnine 5. The characterization of these compounds was based on MS, NMR and published data. A study by structure-bioactivity relationship on these isolates showed that stephanine is the most active compound...
September 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701872/ginseng-essence-a-medicinal-and-edible-herbal-formulation-ameliorates-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-oxidative-stress-and-liver-injury-in-rats
#19
Kuan-Hung Lu, Ching-Yi Weng, Wei-Cheng Chen, Lee-Yan Sheen
BACKGROUND: Ginseng essence (GE) is a formulation comprising four medicinal and edible herbs including ginseng (Panax ginseng), American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), lotus seed (Nelumbo nucifera), and lily bulb (Lilium longiflorum). This study was aimed at investigating the hepatoprotective effect of GE against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury in rats. METHODS: We treated Wistar rats daily with low, medium, and high [0.625 g/kg body weight (bw), 1...
July 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691730/effects-of-colocynth-alkaloids-and-glycosides-on-wistar-rats-fed-high-fat-diet-a-biochemical-and-morphological-study
#20
Zahia Birem, Khadidja Tabani, Farid Lahfa, Rabah Djaziri, Fatima Hadjbekkouche, Elhadj Ahmed Koceir, Naima Omari
INTRODUCTION: . In traditional medicine, Citrullus colocynthis is used to treat diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, and oxidative stress, all of which can appear when a diet rich in vegetable fats, such as palm oil, is continuously consumed. Such high-fat diets are chronic stressors of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The objective of our study was to analyze and evaluate the effects of colocynth total alkaloids and glycosides on metabolic, hormonal, and structural disorders of the adrenal medulla in Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet...
July 10, 2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
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