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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703314/stephanine-from-stephania-venosa-blume-spreng-showed-effective-antiplasmodial-and-anticancer-activities-the-latter-by-inducing-apoptosis-through-the-reverse-of-mitotic-exit
#1
Phuong Mai Le, Vandana Srivastava, Thanh Tam Nguyen, Bruno Pradines, Marylin Madamet, Joel Mosnier, Thi Thuy Trinh, Hoyun Lee
Extracts from the tubers of Stephania venosa (Blum) Spreng growing in Vietnam significantly inhibited cell proliferation against a number of cancer cells including HeLa, MDA-MB231 and MCF-7 cells. A bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of four aporphine and one tetrahydroprotoberberine alkaloids: dehydrocrebanine 1, tetrahydropalmatine 2, stephanine 3, crebanine 4 and O-methylbulbocapnine 5. The characterization of these compounds was based on MS, NMR and published data. A study by structure-bioactivity relationship on these isolates showed that stephanine is the most active compound...
July 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701872/ginseng-essence-a-medicinal-and-edible-herbal-formulation-ameliorates-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-oxidative-stress-and-liver-injury-in-rats
#2
Kuan-Hung Lu, Ching-Yi Weng, Wei-Cheng Chen, Lee-Yan Sheen
BACKGROUND: Ginseng essence (GE) is a formulation comprising four medicinal and edible herbs including ginseng (Panax ginseng), American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), lotus seed (Nelumbo nucifera), and lily bulb (Lilium longiflorum). This study was aimed at investigating the hepatoprotective effect of GE against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury in rats. METHODS: We treated Wistar rats daily with low, medium, and high [0.625 g/kg body weight (bw), 1...
July 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691730/effects-of-colocynth-alkaloids-and-glycosides-on-wistar-rats-fed-high-fat-diet-a-biochemical-and-morphological-study
#3
Zahia Birem, Khadidja Tabani, Farid Lahfa, Rabah Djaziri, Fatima Hadjbekkouche, Elhadj Ahmed Koceir, Naima Omari
INTRODUCTION: . In traditional medicine, Citrullus colocynthis is used to treat diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, and oxidative stress, all of which can appear when a diet rich in vegetable fats, such as palm oil, is continuously consumed. Such high-fat diets are chronic stressors of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The objective of our study was to analyze and evaluate the effects of colocynth total alkaloids and glycosides on metabolic, hormonal, and structural disorders of the adrenal medulla in Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet...
July 10, 2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688290/the-efficacy-of-plant-extract-and-bioactive-compounds-approaches-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Sana Bahri, Ridha Ben Ali, Anouar Abidi, Saloua Jameleddine
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a lethal, chronic and progressive respiratory disease leading to interstitial lung damage and serious breathing problems. The pathogenic mechanism involves activation, migration, proliferation and differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblats inducing extracellular matrix accumulation that destroy lung parenchyma. Available antifibrotic treatment options are limited to Pirfenidone and Nintedanib that prevent deterioration without an improvement of this disease. The use of plant extracts and natural bioactive compounds for the treatment of PF has been known for more than thirty years in China...
July 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685911/combined-lifestyle-and-herbal-medicine-in-overweight-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Susan Arentz, Caroline A Smith, Jason Abbott, Paul Fahey, Birinder S Cheema, Alan Bensoussan
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, complex reproductive endocrinopathy characterized by menstrual irregularities, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. Lifestyle modification is a first-line intervention; however, there are barriers to success for this form of self-care, and women often seek adjunct therapies including herbal medicines. This pragmatic, randomized controlled trial, delivered in communities of Australia in overweight women with PCOS, compared the effectiveness and safety of a lifestyle intervention plus herbal medicine against lifestyle alone...
July 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668645/herbal-medicinal-products-evidence-and-tradition-from-a-historical-perspective
#6
Robert Jütte, Michael Heinrich, Axel Helmstädter, Jost Langhorst, Günter Meng, Wilhelm Niebling, Tanja Pommerening, Hans J Trampisch
BACKGROUND: Aside from the fully licensed herbal medicines there are products on the European pharmaceutical market which are registered by virtue of their longstanding traditional use. The normal registration procedure does not apply to them because presently they do not meet the legal requirements for a full license as set out in the relevant European Union Directive. One of these requirements, "proof of tradition", has so far been dealt with in different ways and fails to meet the criteria of good practice...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666669/medical-treatment-of-nocturia-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-panel-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#7
REVIEW
Vasileios I Sakalis, Markos Karavitakis, Dina Bedretdinova, Thorsten Bach, J L H Ruud Bosch, Mauro Gacci, Christian Gratzke, Thomas R Herrmann, Stephan Madersbacher, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Kari A O Tikkinen, Stavros Gravas, Marcus J Drake
CONTEXT: The treatment of nocturia is a key challenge due to the multi-factorial pathophysiology of the symptom and the disparate outcome measures used in research. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare available therapy options for nocturia, in terms of symptom severity and quality of life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medical databases (Embase, Medline, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central) were searched with no date restriction. Comparative studies were included which studied adult men with nocturia as the primary presentation and lower urinary tract symptoms including nocturia or nocturnal polyuria...
June 27, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620726/determination-of-the-cadmium-chromium-nickel-and-lead-ions-relays-in-selected-polish-medicinal-plants-and-their-infusion
#8
Janusz Mirosławski, Andrzej Paukszto
Concentration of Cd, Cr, Ni, and Pb were determined in peppermint leaves (Folium Menthae piperitae), chamomile blossom (Anthodium Chamomillae), and their infusions by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) after microwave digestion of plants samples. Peppermint and chamomile preparations by five different producers were purchased at various pharmacies in Poland. Infusions were made from herbs according to prescription for patients, provided by the producer of medicine on the package. Results show that in exam of medicinal plants the content of cadmium exceeds World Health Organization (WHO) standards...
June 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608235/ferulic-acid-supplementation-for-management-of-depression-in-epilepsy
#9
Tanveer Singh, Taranjot Kaur, Rajesh Kumar Goel
Neuroinflammation driven altered neurochemical milieu have been reported to play a significant role in pathogenesis of comorbid depression in epilepsy. Most of the antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) such as levetiracetam, taigabine, topiramate have not been reported any significant effect in alleviating neuroinflammation, which may explain their ineffectiveness in ameliorating depression associated with epilepsy. The supplementation of antidepressants (ADs) attracts various pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions with AEDs and was considered unsafe in epilepsy...
June 12, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567065/the-psychoneuroendocrine-immunotherapy-of-cancer-historical-evolution-and-clinical-results
#10
REVIEW
Paolo Lissoni, Giusy Messina, Arianna Lissoni, Rovelli Franco
The prognosis of the neoplastic diseases depends not only on the biogenetic characteristics of cancer cells but also on the immunological response of patients, which may influence the biological features of cancer cells themselves as well as the angiogenic processes. Moreover, the immune system in vivo is under a physiological psychoneuroendocrine (PNE) regulation, mainly mediated by the brain opioid system and the pineal gland. In more detail, the anticancer immunity is stimulated by the pineal hormone melatonin (MLT) and inhibited by the opioid system, namely, through a mu-opioid receptor...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559960/medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-ethnopharmacological-approach-and-chemical-and-biological-studies
#11
REVIEW
Luciano Mamede de Freitas Junior, Eduardo B de Almeida
Obesity is a global epidemic that has shown a steady increase in morbimortality indicators; it is considered a social problem and entails serious health risks. One of the alternatives in the treatment of obesity is the traditional use of medicinal plants, which supports the research and development of obesity phytotherapy. In this article, we provide information about ethnopharmacological species used to treat obesity, through an electronic search of the periodical databases Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed and Scielo, considering the period 1996-2015 and using the descriptors "plants for obesity", "ethnopharmacology for obesity" and "anti-obesity plants" in both Portuguese and English...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546801/the-safety-and-tolerance-of-phytotherapies-in-menopausal-medicine-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Piotr Czuczwar, Tomasz Paszkowski, Marek Lisiecki, Sławomir Woźniak, Anna Stępniak
Phytoestrogens are polyphenol, non-steroidal substances of plant origin, resembling 17β-estradiol in structure. These substances can act as either agonists or antagonists of oestrogen receptors α and β. Phytoestrogens are widely used to alleviate menopausal symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats. Most of the currently available products of plant origin registered to soften climacteric symptoms consist of extracts obtained from soy, red clover, or black cohosh. Non-hormonal phytotherapy is a new alternative for patients suffering from menopausal symptoms...
March 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544038/supplementation-with-herbal-extracts-to-promote-behavioral-and-neuroprotective-effects-in-experimental-models-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ianara Mendonça da Costa, José Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti, Dinalva Brito de Queiroz, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Amália Cinthia Meneses do Rêgo, Irami Araújo Filho, Paulo Parente, Marco Antônio Botelho, Fausto Pierdoná Guzen
Parkinson's disease (PD) consists of a neurodegenerative pathology that has received a considerable amount of attention because of its clinical manifestations. The most common treatment consists of administering the drugs levodopa and biperiden, which reduce the effectiveness of the disease and the progress of its symptoms. However, phytotherapy treatment of PD has shown great potential in retarding the loss of dopaminergic neurons and minimizing the behavioral abnormalities. The aim of this study is to systematically review the use of supplemental herbal plants with cellular protective effect and behavioral activity in in vivo and in vitro experimental models...
May 22, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515748/effects-of-propolis-on-warfarin-efficacy
#14
Esin Akbay, Çiğdem Özenirler, Ömür Gençay Çelemli, Ahmet Baris Durukan, Mehmet Ali Onur, Kadriye Sorkun
INTRODUCTION: Warfarin is commonly used to avoid thromboembolism, predominantly for cardiovascular pathologies. However, the consumption of several herbal products is not permitted during its use due to the associated interactions. Propolis is a popular phytotherapy product made by honey bees. The use of propolis has been dramatically increasing in recent times. AIM: To evaluate the possible interactions between propolis and warfarin in a mouse model with determination of the international normalized ratio (INR) values...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514737/integration-of-phytochemicals-and-phytotherapy-into-cancer-precision-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Thomas Efferth, Mohamed E M Saeed, Elhaj Mirghani, Awadh Alim, Zahir Yassin, Elfatih Saeed, Hassan E Khalid, Salah Daak
Concepts of individualized therapy in the 1970s and 1980s attempted to develop predictive in vitro tests for individual drug responsiveness without reaching clinical routine. Precision medicine attempts to device novel individual cancer therapy strategies. Using bioinformatics, relevant knowledge is extracted from huge data amounts. However, tumor heterogeneity challenges chemotherapy due to genetically and phenotypically different cell subpopulations, which may lead to refractory tumors. Natural products always served as vital resources for cancer therapy (e...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511473/phytotherapy-with-hordeum-vulgare-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-infants-with-jaundice
#16
Gholamreza Panahandeh, Abolfazl Khoshdel, Morteza Sedehi, Azam Aliakbari
INTRODUCTION: Jaundice is one of the most common causes of admission to hospital in newborns which is often associated with several complications. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of H. vulgare in reducing jaundice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized controlled trials 70 term infants hospitalized due to jaundice in 2014 were enrolled. Control group was treated with full-time phototherapy alone using LED except when the infants were breastfed and case group with phototherapy, as per the protocol in the control group, along with and topical H...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508427/evaluation-of-benefit-and-tolerability-of-iqp-cl-101-xanthofen-in-the-symptomatic-improvement-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-double-blinded-randomised-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Felix Alt, Pee-Win Chong, Emily Teng, Ralf Uebelhack
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder of unknown aetiology. There is currently no known cure, and pharmacological interventions are usually targeting symptomatic relief, where natural and herbal remedies also play a role. This study aimed to evaluate the benefit and tolerability of IQP-CL-101 in symptomatic IBS relief. A double-blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was conducted over 8 weeks. A total of 99 subjects fulfilling ROME-III criteria for IBS were randomised into two groups, given either two IQP-CL-101 softgels or matching placebo twice daily before main meals...
May 16, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501226/phytotherapy-an-introduction-to-herbal-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Charles C Falzon, Anna Balabanova
Herbal medications are commonly used in all medical settings, making it essential for primary care providers to learn about the products being used and resources they can access for continuing education. Understanding how herbal medicines are sourced, processed, and standardized can help providers guide patients who are trying to choose the most clinically effective and affordable treatments. Multiple herbs are often combined and sold as proprietary blends, which can increase the risk of allergies, adverse reactions, or cross-reactivity with other pharmaceuticals and supplements...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478807/aqueous-extract-from-orthosiphon-stamineus-leaves-prevents-bladder-and-kidney-infection-in-mice
#19
S Sarshar, S Brandt, M R Asadi Karam, M Habibi, S Bouzari, M Lechtenberg, U Dobrindt, X Qin, F M Goycoolea, A Hensel
BACKGROUND: Extracts from the leaves of Orthosiphon stamineus are used in phytotherapy for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections. PURPOSES: Evaluation of an aqueous extract against infection with uropathogenic Escherichia coli in vivo; investigation of underlying microbiological mechanisms. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo studies in mice and in vitro investigations on cytotoxicity, antiadhesive potential, influence on bacterial gene expression and quorum sensing...
May 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444928/antiinflammatory-activity-of-cinnamon-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-bark-essential-oil-in-a-human-skin-disease-model
#20
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
The effect of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) bark essential oil (CBEO) on human skin cells has not been elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the activity of a commercially available CBEO in a validated human dermal fibroblast system, a model of chronic inflammation and fibrosis. We first evaluated the impact of CBEO on 17 protein biomarkers that play critical roles in inflammation and tissue remodeling. The impact of CBEO on genome-wide gene expression was also evaluated. CBEO showed strong anti-proliferative effects on skin cells and significantly inhibited the production of several inflammatory biomarkers, including vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, interferon gamma-induced protein 10, interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant, and monokine induced by gamma interferon...
April 26, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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