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Thomas Stöggl, Boye Welde, Matej Supej, Chiara Zoppirolli, Carsten G Rolland, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Barbara Pellegrini
Here, female and male elite cross-country (XC) skiers were compared on varying terrain during an official 10-km (women) and 15-km (men) Norwegian championship race. On the basis of race performance, 82 skiers were classified as fast (FS) (20 women, 20 men) or slower (SS) (21, 21) skiers. All were video recorded on flat (0°), intermediate (3.5°), uphill (7.1°) and steep uphill (11°) terrain during the race at a distance of 0.8, 1.2, 2.1 and 7.1 km from the start, respectively. All skiers employed exclusively double-poling (DP) on the flat section and, except for the male winner, exclusively diagonal stride (DIA) on the uphill sections...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Alexis Viel, Jérôme Henri, Salim Bouchène, Julian Laroche, Jean-Guy Rolland, Jacqueline Manceau, Michel Laurentie, William Couet, Nicolas Grégoire
PURPOSE: The objective was the development of a whole-body physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (WB-PBPK) model for colistin, and its prodrug colistimethate sodium (CMS), in pigs to explore their tissue distribution, especially in kidneys. METHODS: Plasma and tissue concentrations of CMS and colistin were measured after systemic administrations of different dosing regimens of CMS in pigs. The WB-PBPK model was developed based on these data according to a non-linear mixed effect approach and using NONMEM software...
March 12, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Anne Lelièvre, Stéphane Gérard, Sophie Hermabessière, Monique Martinez, Bruno Péran, Yves Rolland
Confronted with the growing incidence of age-related pathologies and the limits of so-called traditional medicine oriented towards the prescribing of medicines, non-pharmacological approaches have grown considerably in the geriatric community. A literature review focused on the therapeutic benefit of humour, laughter and the use of clowns on the physical and psychological health of elderly people.
March 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
So Young Moon, Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Marie Chupin, Ali Bouyahia, Ludovic Fillon, Jean François Mangin, Sandrine Andrieu, Matteo Cesari, Bruno Vellas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) with decline in lower extremity function (LEF) over approximately 3 years in dementia-free older adults with memory complaints. METHODS: We obtained brain MRI data from 458 community-dwelling adults, aged 70 years or over, at baseline, and from 358 adults over an average follow-up of 963 days. We evaluated LEF using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). We related baseline WMH volumes and progression to SPPB scores over time, using mixed-effect linear regressions...
March 9, 2018: Neurology
Estelle Lecluze, Bernard Jégou, Antoine D Rolland, Frédéric Chalmel
The testis plays a central role in the male reproductive system - secreting several hormones including male steroids and producing male gametes. A complex and coordinated molecular program is required for the proper differentiation of testicular cell types and maintenance of their functions in adulthood. The testicular transcriptome displays the highest levels of complexity and specificity across all tissues in a wide range of species. Many studies have used high-throughput sequencing technologies to define the molecular dynamics and regulatory networks in the testis as well as to identify novel genes or gene isoforms expressed in this organ...
March 1, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Kristin Palmsten, Matthieu Rolland, Mary F Hebert, Megan E B Clowse, Michael Schatz, Ronghui Xu, Christina D Chambers
PURPOSE: To characterize prednisone use in pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis using individual-level heat-maps and clustering individual trajectories of prednisone dose, and to evaluate the association between prednisone dose trajectory groups and gestational length. METHODS: This study included pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis who enrolled in the MotherToBaby Autoimmune Diseases in Pregnancy Study (2003-2014) before gestational week 20 and reported prednisone use without another oral glucocorticoid during pregnancy (n = 254)...
February 28, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
L Rouch, F Farbos, C Cool, C McCambridge, C Hein, S Elmalem, Y Rolland, B Vellas, P Cestac
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the overall rate of adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to treatment modifications suggested at discharge from hospital and to assess the way communication between secondary and primary care could be improved. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients hospitalized from the emergency department to the acute geriatric care unit of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 206 subjects with a mean age of 85 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Marieke Dubois, Katia Selden, Alexis Bediée, Gaëlle Rolland, Nicolas Baumberger, Sandra Noir, Lien Bach, Geneviève Lamy, Christine Granier, Pascal Genschik
The plant cell cycle is tightly regulated by factors that integrate endogenous cues and environmental signals to adapt plant growth to changing conditions. Under drought, cell division in young leaves is blocked by an active mechanism, reducing the evaporative surface and conserving energy resources. The molecular function of cyclin-dependent kinase-inhibitory proteins (CKIs) in regulating the cell cycle has already been well studied, but little is known about their involvement in cell cycle regulation under adverse growth conditions...
February 22, 2018: Plant Physiology
Jonathan Rolland, Daniele Silvestro, Glenn Litsios, Laurélène Faye, Nicolas Salamin
The difference between rapid morphological evolutionary changes observed in populations and the long periods of stasis detected in the fossil record has raised a decade-long debate about the exact role played by intraspecific mechanisms at the interspecific level. Although they represent different scales of the same evolutionary process, micro- and macroevolution are rarely studied together and few empirical studies have compared the rates of evolution and the selective pressures between both scales. Here, we analyse morphological, genetic and ecological traits in clownfishes at different evolutionary scales and demonstrate that the tempo of molecular and morphological evolution at the species level can be, to some extent, predicted from parameters estimated below the species level, such as the effective population size or the rate of evolution within populations...
February 28, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Robyn E O'Hehir, Nirupama P Varese, Kirsten Deckert, Celia M Zubrinich, Menno C van Zelm, Jennifer M Rolland, Mark Hew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Marie-Claire Devilder, Mélinda Moyon, Xavier Saulquin, Laetitia Gautreau-Rolland
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are powerful tools useful for both fundamental research and in biomedicine. Their high specificity is indispensable when the antibody needs to distinguish between highly related structures (e.g., a normal protein and a mutated version thereof). The current way of generating such discriminative mAbs involves extensive screening of multiple Ab-producing B cells, which is both costly and time consuming. We propose here a rapid and cost-effective method for the generation of discriminative, fully human mAbs starting from human blood circulating B lymphocytes...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jonathan Rolland, Daniele Silvestro, Dolph Schluter, Antoine Guisan, Olivier Broenniman, Nicolas Salamin
In the version of this Article originally published, in Fig. 3a the first boundary was incorrectly labelled the "K/T boundary"; it should have read the "K/Pg boundary". The two equations in the main text were incorrectly omitted from the HTML. In the description of the posterior distribution of an ancestral state, the normal distribution was incorrectly described as being "assigned as prior to the node value"; it should have read "assigned as calibration to the node value". In the associated equation (the second equation in the text), the denominator of the last term was incorrectly given as "Node prior"; it should have read "Node calibration"...
February 13, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
Fabien L Condamine, Jonathan Rolland, Sebastian Höhna, Felix A H Sperling, Isabel Sanmartín
In macroevolution, the Red Queen (RQ) model posits that biodiversity dynamics depend mainly on species-intrinsic biotic factors such as interactions among species or life-history traits, while the Court Jester (CJ) model states that extrinsic environmental abiotic factors have a stronger role. Until recently, a lack of relevant methodological approaches has prevented the unraveling of contributions from these two types of factors to the evolutionary history of a lineage. Here we take advantage of the rapid development of new macroevolution models that tie diversification rates to changes in paleoenvironmental (extrinsic) and/or biotic (intrinsic) factors...
February 9, 2018: Systematic Biology
Sarah Watson, Virginie Perrin, Delphine Guillemot, Stephanie Reynaud, Jean-Michel Coindre, Marie Karanian, Jean-Marc Guinebretière, Paul Freneaux, François Le Loarer, Megane Bouvet, Louise Galmiche-Rolland, Frédérique Larousserie, Elisabeth Longchampt, Dominique Ranchere-Vince, Gaelle Pierron, Olivier Delattre, Franck Tirode
Sarcoma represents a highly heterogeneous group of tumours. We report here the first unbiased and systematic search for gene fusions combined with unsupervised expression analysis of a series of 184 small round cell sarcomas. Fusion genes were detected in 59% percent of samples, with half of them being observed recurrently. We identified biologically homogeneous groups of tumours such as the CIC-fused (to DUX4, FOXO4 or NUTM1) and BCOR-rearranged (BCOR-CCNB3, BCOR-MAML3, ZC3H7B-BCOR and BCOR internal duplication) tumour groups...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pathology
Camila Cadena de Almeida, Vinicius Z Maldaner da Silva, Gerson Cipriano Júnior, Richard Eloin Liebano, Joao Luiz Quagliotti Durigan
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current have been widely used in clinical practice. However, a systematic review comparing their effects on pain relief has not yet been performed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current on acute and chronic pain. METHODS: We use Pubmed, Embase, LILACS, PEDro and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials as data sources...
February 2, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Bertrand Fougère, Sandrine Sourdet, Matthieu Lilamand, Maturin Tabue-Teguod, Bernard Teysseyre, Charlotte Dupuy, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland, Fati Nourhashemi, Gabor Abellan van Kan
BACKGROUND: The decline in lean mass, observed in older people, has been frequently associated with frailty. This assumption has scarcely been assessed. This study explored the association between current proposed definitions of low lean mass and the Fried phenotype of frailty. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Participants admitted to the Toulouse frailty day hospital, with an assessment of body composition, 70 years or older were included consecutively in the study...
March 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Keith C Norris, Karen E Smoyer, Catherine Rolland, Jan Van der Vaart, Eliza Beth Grubb
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria, elevated serum creatinine and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) are pivotal indicators of kidney decline. Yet, it is uncertain if these and emerging biomarkers such as uric acid represent independent predictors of kidney disease progression or subsequent outcomes among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study systematically examined the available literature documenting the role of albuminuria, serum creatinine, eGFR, and uric acid in predicting kidney disease progression and cardio-renal outcomes in persons with T2DM...
February 9, 2018: BMC Nephrology
B Vellas, R A Fielding, C Bens, R Bernabei, P M Cawthon, T Cederholm, A J Cruz-Jentoft, S Del Signore, S Donahue, J Morley, M Pahor, J-Y Reginster, L Rodriguez Mañas, Y Rolland, R Roubenoff, A Sinclair, M Cesari
Establishment of an ICD-10-CM code for sarcopenia in 2016 was an important step towards reaching international consensus on the need for a nosological framework of age-related skeletal muscle decline. The International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research Task Force met in April 2017 to discuss the meaning, significance, and barriers to the implementation of the new code as well as strategies to accelerate development of new therapies. Analyses by the Sarcopenia Definitions and Outcomes Consortium are underway to develop quantitative definitions of sarcopenia...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, M Bawaj, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, A K W Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, C E Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L R Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, P Corban, T R Corbitt, K R Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, S De, D DeBra, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, J Devenson, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, J Duncan, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, Z B Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, M M Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, P W F Forsyth, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, M Gabel, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, K K Y Ng, T T Nguyen, D Nichols, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, L F Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, M A Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, B Pang, P T H Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, E K Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, R Prix, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, K E Ramirez, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, F Ricci, P M Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, R Romano, C L Romel, J H Romie, D Rosińska, M P Ross, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, B Sandeen, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B W Schulte, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, A A Shah, M S Shahriar, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, J A Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, R Stone, K A Strain, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, J A Taylor, R Taylor, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, K W Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, J Z Wang, M Wang, Y-F Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, E K Wessel, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, K W K Wong, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, T Zelenova, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y-H Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, J Zweizig, S Buchner, I Cognard, A Corongiu, P C C Freire, L Guillemot, G B Hobbs, M Kerr, A G Lyne, A Possenti, A Ridolfi, R M Shannon, B W Stappers, P Weltevrede
We present results from the first directed search for nontensorial gravitational waves. While general relativity allows for tensorial (plus and cross) modes only, a generic metric theory may, in principle, predict waves with up to six different polarizations. This analysis is sensitive to continuous signals of scalar, vector, or tensor polarizations, and does not rely on any specific theory of gravity. After searching data from the first observation run of the advanced LIGO detectors for signals at twice the rotational frequency of 200 known pulsars, we find no evidence of gravitational waves of any polarization...
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Frédéric Garban, Audrey Guyard, Helene Labussière, Claude-Eric Bulabois, Tony Marchand, Christiane Mounier, Denis Caillot, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Valérie Coiteux, Aline Schmidt-Tanguy, Catherine Le Niger, Christine Robin, Patrick Ladaique, Simona Lapusan, Eric Deconinck, Carole Rolland, Alison M Foote, Anne François, Chantal Jacquot, René Tardivel, Pierre Tiberghien, Jean-Luc Bosson
Importance: Pathogen reduction of platelet concentrates may reduce transfusion-transmitted infections but is associated with qualitative impairment, which could have clinical significance with regard to platelet hemostatic capacity. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of platelets in additive solution treated with amotosalen-UV-A vs untreated platelets in plasma or in additive solution in patients with thrombocytopenia and hematologic malignancies. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Evaluation of the Efficacy of Platelets Treated With Pathogen Reduction Process (EFFIPAP) study was a randomized, noninferiority, 3-arm clinical trial performed from May 16, 2013, through January 21, 2016, at 13 French tertiary university hospitals...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Oncology
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