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Medicinal herbs and spices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504372/in-vitro-antibacterial-and-antioxidant-potential-of-winged-prickly-ash-green-tea-and-thyme
#1
I Hafiz, H N Bhatti, M A Hanif, M Shahid
Herbs and plants are mostly used as antimicrobials and antioxidants owing to the harmfulness and linked side-effects of synthetic chemical constituents. Plants and spices produce various metabolites with antibacterial and antioxidant potential. These metabolites are principally revealed as encouraging healing components or mediators which control ailments in human beings. The present study was aimed to characterize the extracts from selected medicinal plants through in-vitro activities. Winged prickly ash, green tea and thyme were selected and extracted through ethanol and methanol solutions...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430744/rapid-discrimination-of-different-apiaceae-species-based-on-hptlc-fingerprints-and-targeted-flavonoids-determination-using-multivariate-image-analysis
#2
Eman Shawky, Rasha M Abou El Kheir
INTRODUCTION: Species of Apiaceae are used in folk medicine as spices and in officinal medicinal preparations of drugs. They are an excellent source of phenolics exhibiting antioxidant activity, which are of great benefit to human health. Discrimination among Apiaceae medicinal herbs remains an intricate challenge due to their morphological similarity. OBJECTIVE: In this study, a combined "untargeted" and "targeted" approach to investigate different Apiaceae plants species was proposed by using the merging of high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC)-image analysis and pattern recognition methods which were used for fingerprinting and classification of 42 different Apiaceae samples collected from Egypt...
February 11, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411658/antioxidant-properties-and-anti-mutagenic-potential-of-piper-cubeba-fruit-extract-and-molecular-docking-of-certain-bioactive-compounds
#3
Maryam Zahin, Mohammad Shavez Khan, Faizan Abul Qais, Hussein Hasan Abulreesh, Iqbal Ahmad
Spices and herbs are recognized as sources of natural antioxidants and thus play an important role in the chemoprevention of diseases and aging. Piper cubeba is one among them and known for its medicinal properties for decades. Various biological activities are associated with its extract and phytocompounds. However, the anti-mutagenic activity of antioxidant rich extract is less explored. In this study, we performed the fraction-based antioxidant activity of P. cubeba using four different assays and evaluated the anti-mutagenic activity of most potent antioxidant fraction using Salmonella typhimurium tester strains against four mutagens (methyl methanesulfonate [MMS], sodium azide [SA], benzo(a)pyrene, and 2-aminoflourene) respectively...
February 7, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321678/systems-pharmacology-analysis-of-synergy-of-tcm-an-example-using-saffron-formula
#4
Jianling Liu, Jingjing Liu, Fengxia Shen, Zonghui Qin, Meng Jiang, Jinglin Zhu, Zhenzhong Wang, Jun Zhou, Yingxue Fu, Xuetong Chen, Chao Huang, Wei Xiao, Chunli Zheng, Yonghua Wang
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) follows the principle of formulae, in which the pharmacological activity of a single herb can be enhanced or potentiated by addition of other herbs. Nevertheless, the involved synergy mechanisms in formulae remain unknown. Here, a systems-based method is proposed and applied to three representative Chinese medicines in compound saffron formula (CSF): two animal spices (Moschus, Beaver Castoreum), and one herb Crocus sativus which exert synergistic effects for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191197/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-aphrodisiac-properties-of-the-seed-extract-from-allium-tuberosum-on-corpus-cavernosum-smooth-muscle-relaxation-and-sexual-behavior-parameters-in-male-wistar-rats
#5
Xingli Tang, Opeyemi J Olatunji, Yifeng Zhou, Xilin Hou
BACKGROUND: Allium tuberosum is a well-known spice as well as a herb in traditional Chinese medicine, used for increasing libido and treating erectile dysfunction. However, not many studies have been done to evaluate the sexual enhancing properties of A. tuberosum. The aim of this study was to evaluate the aphrodisiac and vasorelaxant properties of A. tuberosum on corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) as well as checking the effect on enhancing male rat sexual behavior, libido, potency as well as its spermatogenic properties...
December 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158639/mining-and-characterization-of-est-ssr-markers-for-zingiber-officinale-roscoe-with-transferability-to-other-species-of-zingiberaceae
#6
Praveen Awasthi, Ashish Singh, Gulfam Sheikh, Vidushi Mahajan, Ajai Prakash Gupta, Suphla Gupta, Yashbir S Bedi, Sumit G Gandhi
Zingiber officinale is a model spice herb, well known for its medicinal value. It is primarily a vegetatively propagated commercial crop. However, considerable diversity in its morphology, fiber content and chemoprofiles has been reported. The present study explores the utility of EST-derived markers in studying genetic diversity in different accessions of Z. officinale and their cross transferability within the Zingiberaceae family. A total of 38,115 ESTs sequences were assembled to generate 7850 contigs and 10,762 singletons...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129665/intravasation-of-sw620-colon-cancer-cell-spheroids-through-the-blood-endothelial-barrier-is-inhibited-by-clinical-drugs-and-flavonoids-in-vitro
#7
Silvio Holzner, Stefan Brenner, Atanas Georgiev Atanasov, Daniel Senfter, Serena Stadler, Chi Huu Nguyen, Adryan Fristiohady, Daniela Milovanovic, Nicole Huttary, Sigurd Krieger, Zsuzsanna Bago-Horvath, Oliver de Wever, Ioannis Tentes, Ali Özmen, Walter Jäger, Helmut Dolznig, Verena Maria Dirsch, Robert Michael Mader, Liselotte Krenn, Georg Krupitza
Mechanisms how colorectal cancer (CRC) cells penetrate blood micro-vessel endothelia and metastasise is poorly understood. To study blood endothelial cell (BEC) barrier breaching by CRC emboli, an in vitro assay measuring BEC-free areas underneath SW620 cell spheroids, so called "circular chemorepellent induced defects" (CCIDs, appearing in consequence of endothelial retraction), was adapted and supported by Western blotting, EIA-, EROD- and luciferase reporter assays. Inhibition of ALOX12 or NF-κB in SW620 cells or BECs, respectively, caused attenuation of CCIDs...
January 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129385/effect-directed-fingerprints-of-77-botanical-extracts-via-a-generic-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-method-combined-with-assays-and-mass-spectrometry
#8
S Krüger, L Hüsken, R Fornasari, I Scainelli, G E Morlock
Quantitative effect-directed profiles of 77 industrially and freshly extracted botanicals like herbs, spices, vegetables and fruits, widely used as food ingredients, dietary supplements or traditional medicine, gave relevant information on their quality. It allows the assessment of food, dietary supplements and phytomedicines with regard to potential health-promoting activities. In contrary to sum parameter assays and targeted analysis, chromatography combined with effect-directed analysis allows fast assignment of single active compounds and evaluation of their contribution to the overall activity, originating from a food or botanical sample...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038774/interaction-of-turmeric-curcuma-longa-l-with-beneficial-microbes-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Ajay Kumar, Amit Kishore Singh, Manish Singh Kaushik, Surabhi Kirti Mishra, Pratima Raj, P K Singh, K D Pandey
Curcuma longa L., commonly known as turmeric, is a rhizomatous herb of the family Zingiberaceae. It is mostly used as a spice, a coloring agent and broadly used in traditional medicine such as Ayurveda, Unani, etc., Turmeric rhizomes interact with a large numbers of rhizosphere-associated microbial species, and some enter the plant tissue and act as endophytes. Both rhizospheric and endophytic species are directly or indirectly involved in growth promotion and disease management in plants and also play an important role in the modulation of morphological growth, secondary metabolite production, curcumin content, antioxidant properties, etc...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952241/-research-progress-on-quality-evaluation-of-saffron
#10
REVIEW
Jiang-di Liu, Zhen Ouyang, Bin Yang
Saffron, a precious spice and a traditional medicinal herb in the international trade market, has attracted much attention about its quality evaluation.Saffron has been successfully cultivated in some areas in China,such as Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, but few studies were focused on the quality difference between saffron cultivated in China and in foreign countries, which obstructed the entrance of saffron cultivated in China into international trade market. The paper is to review the current research progress on quality evaluation of saffron from the following respects: the chemical composition, the identification of authenticity and adulterants, the detection of artificial colorants, the indexes and methods of quality evaluation,the quality evaluation of different specifications in the international trade market, and the parameters which affected the quality of saffron...
February 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930277/biological-activities-of-three-essential-oils-of-the-lamiaceae-family
#11
REVIEW
Gema Nieto
Herbs and spices have been used since ancient times to improve the sensory characteristics of food, to act as preservatives and for their nutritional and healthy properties. Herbs and spices are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and are excellent substitutes for chemical additives. Essential oils are mixtures of volatile compounds obtained, mainly by steam distillation, from medicinal and aromatic plants. They are an alternative to synthetic additives for the food industry, and they have gained attention as potential sources for natural food preservatives due to the growing interest in the development of safe, effective, natural food preservation...
August 23, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930239/eryngium-foetidum-l-essential-oils-chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity
#12
Paul S Thomas, Emmanuel E Essien, Samuel J Ntuk, Mohammad I Choudhary
Background:Eryngium foetidum essential oils from Nigeria were investigated for the first time in order to ascertain their potency as natural antioxidants. E. foetidum is an aromatic and medicinal herb used in ethno-medicine and as a traditional spice for foods. Methods: The hydro-distilled oils of E. foetidum were subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Free radical scavenging capacity of the volatile oils was determined using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays...
April 28, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845762/phytoestrogens-and-related-food-components-in-the-prevention-of-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Imran Qadir, Bushra Nawaz Cheema
Great progress has been made in the fight against disease in many different fields of medicine, especially in the field of natural medicine. Phytoestrogens and related compounds play a major role in the prevention and treatment of cancer. Chemoprevention, a narrative approach for controlling cancer, involves the use of specific natural products or synthetic chemical agents to overturn, repress, or prevent pre-malignancy before the development of invasive cancer. Several natural products confer protective effects against a wide range of cancers; examples include grains, nuts, cereals, spices, fruits, vegetables, beverages, medicinal plants, herbs, and their various phytochemical constituents including phenolics, flavonoids, carotenoids, and nitrogen-containing and organosulfur compounds...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742251/evolution-of-volatile-emission-in-rhus-coriaria-organs-during-different-stages-of-growth-and-evaluation-of-the-essential-oil-composition
#14
Rose Vanessa Bandeira Reidel, Pier Luigi Cioni, Luigi Majo, Luisa Pistelli
Rhus coriaria, also known as Sumac, has been traditionally used in many countries as spice, condiment, dying agent, and medicinal herb. The chemical composition of essential oils (EOs) and the volatile emissions from different organs of this species collected in Sicily (Italy) were analyzed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons were the most abundant class in the volatile emissions with β-caryophyllene and α-pinene were the main constituents in the majority of the examined samples...
November 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526570/role-of-medicinal-plants-on-growth-performance-and-immune-status-in-fish
#15
REVIEW
Elham Awad, Amani Awaad
Disease outbreaks increase proportionally with increases in intensive aquaculture. Natural products including medicinal plants have been known from thousands of years for treating some human diseases. It is well known that many active compounds are responsible for potential bio-activities. For that reason, there has been considerable interest in the use of medicinal plants in aquaculture with a view to providing safe and eco-friendly compounds for replacing antibiotics and chemical compounds as well as to enhance immune status and control fish diseases...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343845/curcumin-inhibits-zika-and-chikungunya-virus-infection-by-inhibiting-cell-binding
#16
Bryan C Mounce, Teresa Cesaro, Lucia Carrau, Thomas Vallet, Marco Vignuzzi
Several compounds extracted from spices and herbs exhibit antiviral effects in vitro, suggesting potential pharmacological uses. Curcumin, a component of turmeric, has been used as a food additive and herbal supplement due to its potential medicinal properties. Previously, curcumin exhibited antiviral properties against several viruses, including dengue virus and hepatitis C virus, among others. Here, we describe the antiviral effect of curcumin on Zika and chikungunya viruses, two mosquito-borne outbreak viruses...
June 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330231/prevalence-of-toxigenic-fungi-in-common-medicinal-herbs-and-spices-in-india
#17
Visenuo Aiko, Alka Mehta
Mycotoxins are unavoidable contaminants of food grains, feeds, medicinal herbs, and spices, posing as health threat to animals and humans. The objective of this study was to screen medicinal herbs and spices for fungi and mycotoxin contamination and evaluate their safety. Sixty-three samples were examined for fungal contamination and fungal load determined using standard microbiological method. Aflatoxin and citrinin were detected using thin layer chromatography and high-performance chromatography technique...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266134/a-small-plant-with-big-benefits-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-linn-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#18
REVIEW
Kalyan C Nagulapalli Venkata, Anand Swaroop, Debasis Bagchi, Anupam Bishayee
Plant-derived natural products have long-standing utility toward treating degenerative diseases. It is estimated that about two-thirds of world population depend on traditional medicine for primary medical needs. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn.), a short-living annual medicinal plant belonging to Fabaceae family, is used extensively in various parts of the world as herb, food, spice, and traditional medicine. Fenugreek is considered as one of the oldest medicinal plants and its health-promoting effects have been cited in Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine...
June 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212313/chemoprevention-of-rat-mammary-carcinogenesis-by-apiaceae-spices
#19
Farrukh Aqil, Jeyaprakash Jeyabalan, Radha Munagala, Srivani Ravoori, Manicka V Vadhanam, David J Schultz, Ramesh C Gupta
Scientific evidence suggests that many herbs and spices have medicinal properties that alleviate symptoms or prevent disease. In this study, we examined the chemopreventive effects of the Apiaceae spices, anise, caraway, and celery seeds against 17β-estrogen (E2)-mediated mammary tumorigenesis in an ACI (August-Copenhagen Irish) rat model. Female ACI rats were given either control diet (AIN 93M) or diet supplemented with 7.5% (w/w) of anise, caraway, or celery seed powder. Two weeks later, one half of the animals in each group received subcutaneous silastic implants of E2...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071013/the-industrial-potential-of-herbs-and-spices-a-mini-review
#20
REVIEW
Katarzyna B Leja, Katarzyna Czaczyk
Herbs and spices have been used for food and medicinal purposes for centuries - the first recorded evidence of their use dates back to 1500BC and the Ebers Papyrus, which mentioned spices such as anise, mustard, saffron, cinnamon, and cassia. Now, in the 21st century, a variety of secondary compounds produced by plants are used in many fields of industry, such as food production (to improve taste, to provide vitamins and macro- and microelements, and also to inhibit food spoilage caused by foodborne bacteria), in medicine (in the treatment of various diseases; in chemoprevention and cancer therapy; as a source of natural antimicrobials for the treatment of infectious disease), and in pharmacology and cosmetology (in dietary supplements, and as a result of the demand for preservative-free cosmetics, to reduce the risk of methylparaben allergies)...
October 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
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