keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medicinal herbs and spices

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846826/natural-product-htp-screening-for-antibacterial-e-coli-0157-h7-and-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-lps-from-e-coli-o111-b4-activated-macrophages-and-microglial-cells-focus-on-sepsis
#1
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Nan Li, David Bauer, Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, Mohammed Darb, Leeshawn Thomas, Henry Williams, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: Acute systemic inflammatory response syndrome arising from infection can lead to multiple organ failure and death, with greater susceptibility occurring in immunocompromised individuals. Moreover, sub-acute chronic inflammation is a contributor to the pathology of diverse degenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and arthritis). Given the known limitations in Western medicine to treat a broad range of inflammatory related illness as well as the emergence of antibiotic resistance, there is a renewed interest in complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) to achieve these means...
November 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827929/the-chemical-composition-of-essential-oils-from-cinnamomum-camphora-and-their-insecticidal-activity-against-the-stored-product-pests
#2
Shanshan Guo, Zhufeng Geng, Wenjuan Zhang, Junyu Liang, Chengfang Wang, Zhiwei Deng, Shushan Du
To investigate the chemical composition and insecticidal activity of the essential oils of certain Chinese medicinal herbs and spices, the essential oils were extracted from the stem barks, leaves, and fruits of Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl, which were found to possess strong fumigant toxicity against Tribolium castaneum and Lasioderma serricorne adults. The essential oils of the plants were extracted by the method of steam distillation using a Clavenger apparatus. Their composition was determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analyses (HP-5MS column), and their insecticidal activity was measured by seal-spaced fumigation...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774899/spices-therapeutic-potential-in-cardiovascular-health
#3
Subha Rastogi, Madan Mohan Pandey, Aks Rawat
BACKGROUND: Dietary factors play a key role in the development as well as prevention of certain human diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Currently there has been an increase in global interest to identify medicinal plants that are pharmacologically effective and have low or no side effects for use in preventive medicine. Culinary herbs and spices are an important part of human nutrition in all the cultures of the world. There is a growing amount of literature concerning the potential benefits of these herbs and spices from a health perspective especially in conferring protection against cardiovascular diseases...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725613/rapid-discrimination-of-closely-related-seed-herbs-cumin-caraway-and-fennel-by-direct-analysis-in-real-time-mass-spectrometry-dart-ms
#4
Borbála Antal, Ákos Kuki, Lajos Nagy, Tibor Nagy, Miklós Zsuga, Márta M-Hamvas, Gábor Vasas, Sándor Kéki
Direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) was applied as a rapid method for the discrimination of the spices and traditional medicines cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.), caraway (Carum carvi L.), and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). The seeds of these plants were analyzed without sample preparation by DART ion source coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) tandem mass spectrometry. The relatively clean DART spectra showed characteristic patterns, fingerprints, for each herb. It was found that a marker compound can be assigned to each species that can identify unambiguously these plants...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665976/effect-of-essential-oils-prepared-from-thai-culinary-herbs-on-sessile-candida-albicans-cultures
#5
Ray S Hovijitra, Suwan Choonharuangdej, Theerathavaj Srithavaj
Although medicinal herbs with fungicidal effects have been ubiquitously employed in traditional medicine, such effects of culinary herbs and spices still have to be elucidated. Therefore, it is noteworthy to determine the antifungal efficacy of some edible herbs used in Thai cuisine against sessile Candida albicans cultures, and to inquire if they can be further utilized as naturally-derived antifungals. Fourteen essential oils extracted from Thai culinary herbs and spices were tested for their antifungal activity against C...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247917/renal-injury-nephrolithiasis-and-nigella-sativa-a-mini-review
#6
REVIEW
Parichehr Hayatdavoudi, Abolfazl Khajavi Rad, Ziba Rajaei, Mousa Al-Reza Hadjzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The incidence and prevalence of kidney stone is increasing worldwide. After the first recurrence the risk of subsequent relapses is higher and the time period between relapses is shortened. Urinary stones can be severely painful and make a huge economic burden. The stone disease may increase the vulnerability of patients to other diseases such as renal failure. Medicinal herbs are rich sources of antioxidants which are increasingly consumed globally for their safety, efficacy and low price...
January 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179600/beyond-cannabis-plants-and-the-endocannabinoid-system
#7
REVIEW
Ethan B Russo
Plants have been the predominant source of medicines throughout the vast majority of human history, and remain so today outside of industrialized societies. One of the most versatile in terms of its phytochemistry is cannabis, whose investigation has led directly to the discovery of a unique and widespread homeostatic physiological regulator, the endocannabinoid system. While it had been the conventional wisdom until recently that only cannabis harbored active agents affecting the endocannabinoid system, in recent decades the search has widened and identified numerous additional plants whose components stimulate, antagonize, or modulate different aspects of this system...
July 2016: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160996/characteristics-and-health-benefits-of-phytochemicals
#8
Claus Leitzmann
In food science the term 'phytochemicals' includes a variety of plant ingredients with different structures that are capable of health-promoting effects. Phytonutrients are natural substances but are not called nutrients in the traditional sense, since they are synthesized by plants neither in energy metabolism nor in anabolic or catabolic metabolism, but only in specific cell types. They differ from primary plant compounds in that they are not essential to the plant. Phytonutrients perform important tasks in the secondary metabolism of plants as repellents to pests and sunlight as well as growth regulators...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086965/therapeutical-perspectives-of-s-allylcysteine-effect-on-diabetes-and-other-disorders-in-animal-models
#9
V V Sathibabu Uddandrao, Parim Brahmanaidu, G Saravanan
Plants derived constituents with impending therapeutic values have been used long time to cure various diseases and disorders including Diabetes mellitus (DM). Many of the medicinal plants and herbs are also part of our diet as spices, vegetables and fruits. In recent years, there is growing evidence that plant-foods molecules, due to their biological properties, may be unique nutraceuticals and supplementary treatments for various aspects of Diabetes mellitus. In this review, we addressed the potential efficacies of S-Allylcysteine (SAC), a sulfur containing amino acid, derived from garlic, on Diabetes mellitus and other disorders...
April 18, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987443/furanodiene-alters-mitochondrial-function-in-doxorubicin-resistant-mcf-7-human-breast-cancer-cells-in-an-ampk-dependent-manner
#10
Zhang-Feng Zhong, Wen Tan, William W Qiang, Virginia L Scofield, Ke Tian, Chun-Ming Wang, Wen-An Qiang, Yi-Tao Wang
Furanodiene is a bioactive sesquiterpene isolated from the spice-producing Curcuma wenyujin plant (Y. H. Chen and C. Ling) (C. wenyujin), which is a commonly prescribed herb used in clinical cancer therapy by modern practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. Previously, we have shown that furanodiene inhibits breast cancer cell growth both in vitro and in vivo, however, the mechanism for this effect is not yet known. In this study, therefore, we asked (1) whether cultured breast cancer cells made resistant to the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (DOX) via serial selection protocols are susceptible to furanodiene's anticancer effect, and (2) whether AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is a regulator of cellular energy homeostasis in eukaryotic cells, participates in this effect...
April 26, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880927/in-vitro-antimicrobial-activity-of-spices-and-medicinal-herbs-against-selected-microbes-associated-with-juices
#11
Romika Dhiman, Neeraj Aggarwal, Kamal Rai Aneja, Manpreet Kaur
In the present investigation, comparison of antimicrobial activities of different spices, Curcuma longa, Zingiber officinale, and Mentha arvensis, and medicinal herbs, such as Withania somnifera, Rauvolfia serpentina, Emblica officinalis, Terminalia arjuna, and Centella asiatica, was evaluated. Different extraction solvents (acetone, methanol, ethanol, and water) were used and extracts were examined against Bacillus cereus, Serratia sp., Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, Aspergillus flavus, and Penicillium citrinum isolated from juices...
2016: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873449/differentiating-parts-of-cinnamomum-cassia-using-lc-qtof-ms-in-conjunction-with-principal-component-analysis
#12
Pei-Yi Chen, Jhe-Wei Yu, Fen-Ling Lu, Mei-Chih Lin, Hwei-Fang Cheng
Cinnamon bark (Rou Gui in Chinese), cinnamon twig (Gui Zhi) and shaved cinnamon bark (Gui Sin) have been widely used as spices and in traditional Chinese medicine since ancient times. On-going issues related to quality and authenticity necessitate the development of analytical methods capable of providing an objective evaluation of samples. In this study, chemical fingerprints of cinnamon bark, cinnamon twigs and shaved cinnamon bark were established using liquid chromatography quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry in conjunction with principal component analysis (PCA)...
September 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26566515/anti-carcinogenic-and-anti-bacterial-properties-of-selected-spices-implications-in-oral-health
#13
REVIEW
Anjali Ganjre, Rahul Kathariya, Neeta Bagul, Vivek Pawar
"Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food", as said by the father of medicine, Hippocrates in 431 B.C. Nature has provided us with a variety of treatment modalities in the form of food. For the first 5,000 years of civilization, humans relied on herbs and foods for medicine. Only in the past 60 years have we forgotten our medicinal "roots" in favor of patented medicines. While pharmaceutical ingredients have their value, we should not overlook the well-documented, non-toxic and inexpensive healing properties of food...
October 2015: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557633/curcumin-pharmacological-actions-and-its-role-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Abhijeet Alok, Indra Deo Singh, Shivani Singh, Mallika Kishore, Prakash Chandra Jha
Turmeric has been in use for thousands of years as a dye, flavouring and a medicinal herb. Ancient Indian medicine has touted turmeric as an herb with the ability to provide glow and lustre to the skin as well as vigour and vitality to the entire body. Since curcumin has antimicrobial, antioxidant, astringents and other useful properties, it is quite useful in dentistry also. Curcumin, the most active polyphenolic constituent, is the active ingredient in the traditional herbal remedy and dietary spice turmeric...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26528824/mycotoxins-in-spices-and-herbs-an-update
#15
Bulent Kabak, Alan D W Dobson
Spices and herbs have been used since ancient times as flavor and aroma enhancers, colorants, preservatives, and traditional medicines. There are more than 30 spices and herbs of global economic and culinary importance. Among the spices, black pepper, capsicums, cumin, cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, turmeric, saffron, coriander, cloves, dill, mint, thyme, sesame seed, mustard seed, and curry powder are the most popular spices worldwide. In addition to their culinary uses, a number of functional properties of aromatic herbs and spices are also well described in the scientific literature...
January 2, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26473926/nation-based-occurrence-and-endogenous-biological-reduction-of-mycotoxins-in-medicinal-herbs-and-spices
#16
REVIEW
Kee Hun Do, Tae Jin An, Sang-Keun Oh, Yuseok Moon
Medicinal herbs have been increasingly used for therapeutic purposes against a diverse range of human diseases worldwide. Moreover, the health benefits of spices have been extensively recognized in recent studies. However, inevitable contaminants, including mycotoxins, in medicinal herbs and spices can cause serious problems for humans in spite of their health benefits. Along with the different nation-based occurrences of mycotoxins, the ultimate exposure and toxicities can be diversely influenced by the endogenous food components in different commodities of the medicinal herbs and spices...
October 2015: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378575/antibacterial-effects-of-cinnamon-from-farm-to-food-cosmetic-and-pharmaceutical-industries
#17
REVIEW
Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Arianna Di Lorenzo, Morteza Izadi, Eduardo Sobarzo-Sánchez, Maria Daglia, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Herbs and spices have been used since ancient times, because of their antimicrobial properties increasing the safety and shelf life of food products by acting against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria. Plants have historically been used in traditional medicine as sources of natural antimicrobial substances for the treatment of infectious disease. Therefore, much attention has been paid to medicinal plants as a source of alternative antimicrobial strategies. Moreover, due to the growing demand for preservative-free cosmetics, herbal extracts with antimicrobial activity have recently been used in the cosmetic industry to reduce the risk of allergies connected to the presence of methylparabens...
September 11, 2015: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26360591/application-of-a-validated-lc-ms-ms-method-for-jwh-073-and-its-metabolites-in-blood-and-urine-in-real-forensic-cases
#18
Serkan Ozturk, Yeter Erol Ozturk, Oya Yeter, Buket Alpertunga
Synthetic cannabinoids, which were synthesized to improve the therapeutic effects of cannabis, have become a major issue when they are abused. They have different chemical structures from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) but similar effects on endocannabinoid receptors. "Spice" named products have more serious side effects than cannabis and can even cause death. These mixtures are prepared by spraying chemicals onto small pieces of herbs and are being dishonestly sold as "natural" and "legal" products over the internet...
December 2015: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26142534/review-diverse-pharmacological-properties-of-cinnamomum-cassia-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Syed Faisal Zaidi, Muhammad Aziz, Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Makoto Kadowaki
Cinnamomum cassia is widely utilized as a spice in different cookeries worldwide, especially in Asian cuisines. This herb is also being used in different forms of traditional medicine (Unani, Ayurvedic, Japanese and Chinese) for managing conditions like dyspepsia, peptic ulcer disease and ischemic brain injury. Recent studies have shown the scientific evidence for the medicinal use of this particular herb in several diseases like H. pylori infection, diabetes, brain ischemia and cancers. This article reviews the literature on potential benefits of the herb published within the last 10 years...
July 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26092628/brain-food-for-alzheimer-free-ageing-focus-on-herbal-medicines
#20
REVIEW
Helmut M Hügel
Healthy brain aging and the problems of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are a global concern. Beyond 60 years of age, most, if not everyone, will experience a decline in cognitive skills, memory capacity and changes in brain structure. Longevity eventually leads to an accumulation of amyloid plaques and/or tau tangles, including some vascular dementia damage. Therefore, lifestyle choices are paramount to leading either a brain-derived or a brain-deprived life. The focus of this review is to critically examine the evidence, impact, influence and mechanisms of natural products as chemopreventive agents which induce therapeutic outcomes that modulate the aggregation process of beta-amyloid (Aβ), providing measureable cognitive benefits in the aging process...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
keyword
keyword
13882
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"