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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325593/evaluating-the-long-term-impact-of-the-fostering-changes-training-programme-for-foster-carers-in-wales-the-confidence-in-care-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Gwenllian Moody, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Rebecca Cannings-John, Sue Channon, Elinor Coulman, Mandy Lau, Alyson Rees, Jonathan Scourfield, Jeremy Segrott, Michael Robling
BACKGROUND: The Fostering Changes programme was developed by the Adoption and Fostering National Team at the Maudsley Hospital, South London, in conjunction with King's College London. It is a 12-week group-based training programme for foster and kin carers, which aims to build positive relationships between carers and children, encourage positive child behaviour and set appropriate limits, through a practical skills-based approach. The programme also aims to improve foster carers' understanding of the causes of children's social and emotional difficulties and their confidence in applying this knowledge in various situations...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325348/-multidisciplinary-team-building-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#2
W D Jia
There has been 10 years to explore the road in line with China's actual enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS) since Academician Li Jieshou introduced the view of ERAS into China. ERAS has been widely carried out in the field of surgery, and gradually formed with Chinese characteristics of ERAS clinical pathway.The clinical implementation of ERAS relies on the effective integration of a series of perioperative methods, and any single technique or method can't completely reduce the perioperative physiological and psychological traumatic stress of the patient, so as to achieve the patient's rapid rehabilitation patient-centered multidisciplinary team(MDT)collaboration is an inevitable trend in ERAS development...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316802/it-s-all-about-communication-a-mixed-methods-approach-to-collaboration-between-volunteers-and-staff-in-pediatric-palliative-care
#3
Dorothee Meyer, Pia Schmidt, Boris Zernikow, Julia Wager
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary teamwork is considered central to pediatric palliative care. Although different studies state that volunteers play an essential role in palliative care, little is known about the collaboration between volunteers and staff. AIM: This study aims to explore and compare the perspectives of volunteers and staff regarding collaboration in a pediatric palliative care unit. DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach was chosen to appropriately reflect the complex aspects of collaboration...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314366/barriers-to-midwives-and-nurses-addressing-mental-health-issues-with-women-the-mind-mothers-study
#4
Agnes Higgins, Carmel Downes, Mark Monahan, Ailish Gill, Stephen A Lamb, Margaret Carroll
AIM: To explore barriers to midwives and nurses addressing mental health issues with women during the perinatal period. BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental health is considered an important public health issue with health policy internationally identifying the importance of psychological support for women in the perinatal period. Midwives and primary care nurses are ideally positioned to detect mental distress early, but evidence suggests that they are reluctant to discuss mental health issues with women during pregnancy or in the postnatal period...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314172/shifting-mindsets-a-realist-synthesis-of-evidence-from-self-management-support-training
#5
REVIEW
Freya Davies, Fiona Wood, Alison Bullock, Carolyn Wallace, Adrian Edwards
CONTEXT: Accompanying the growing expectation of patient self-management is the need to ensure health care professionals (HCPs) have the required attitudes and skills to provide effective self-management support (SMS). Results from existing training interventions for HCPs in SMS have been mixed and the evidence base is weaker for certain settings, including supporting people with progressive neurological conditions (PNCs). We set out to understand how training operates, and to identify barriers and facilitators to training designed to support shifts in attitudes amongst HCPs...
January 4, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313034/the-wyss-institute-a-new-model-for-medical-technology-innovation-and-translation-across-the-academic-industrial-interface
#6
REVIEW
Mary Tolikas, Ayis Antoniou, Donald E Ingber
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University was formed based on the recognition that breakthrough discoveries cannot change the world if they never leave the laboratory. The Institute's mission is to discover the biological principles that Nature uses to build living things, and to harness these insights to create biologically inspired engineering innovations to advance human health and create a more sustainable world. Since its launch in 2009, the Institute has developed a new model for innovation, collaboration, and technology translation within academia, breaking "silos" to enable collaborations that cross institutional and disciplinary barriers...
September 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310691/trial-management-building-the-evidence-base-for-decision-making
#7
EDITORIAL
Shaun Treweek, Roberta Littleford
Once the excitement of trial design, grant-writing and award are behind us, the great open expanse of the next few years is filled almost exclusively by trial management, the nitty-gritty of getting stuff done - delivering the goal. The most important members of the trial team now are not the professors and investigators but the trial managers. These trial managers have limited published information to help them make informed decisions about how to handle the day-to-day challenges that trials present. This special series aims to highlight the fact that writing on trial management is important, publishable and that Trials would welcome more of it...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309584/staff-experiences-forming-and-sustaining-palliative-care-teams-in-nursing-homes
#8
Sally A Norton, Susan Ladwig, Thomas V Caprio, Timothy E Quill, Helena Temkin-Greener
Background and Objectives: Building palliative care (PC) capacity in nursing homes (NH) is a national priority and essential to providing high quality care for residents with advanced illness. We report on NH staff experiences in developing and sustaining Palliative Care Teams (PCTeams) as part of a randomized clinical trial to "Improve Palliative Care through Teamwork" (IMPACTT). Research Design and Methods: We conducted rapid ethnographic assessments of all NH (N = 14) in the intervention arm...
January 3, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309483/effect-of-the-school-based-telemedicine-enhanced-asthma-management-sb-team-program-on-asthma-morbidity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Jill S Halterman, Maria Fagnano, Reynaldo S Tajon, Paul Tremblay, Hongyue Wang, Arlene Butz, Tamara T Perry, Kenneth M McConnochie
Importance: Poor adherence to recommended preventive asthma medications is common, leading to preventable morbidity. We developed the School-Based Telemedicine Enhanced Asthma Management (SB-TEAM) program to build on school-based supervised therapy programs by incorporating telemedicine at school to overcome barriers to preventive asthma care. Objective: To evaluate the effect of the SB-TEAM program on asthma morbidity among urban children with persistent asthma...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307259/social-capital-and-burnout-among-mental-healthcare-providers
#10
Johanne Eliacin, Mindy Flanagan, Maria Monroe-DeVita, Sarah Wasmuth, Michelle P Salyers, Angela L Rollins
BACKGROUND: Provider burnout is a critical problem in mental health services. Contributing factors have been explicated across three domains: personal, job and organizational characteristics. Of these, organizational characteristics, including workplace environment, appear to be particularly important given that most interventions addressing burnout via the other domains (e.g. bolstering personal coping skills) have been modestly effective at best. AIMS: This study builds on previous research by using social capital as a framework for the experience of work social milieu, and aims to provide a richer understanding of how workplace social environment might impact burnout and help create more effective ways to reduce burnout...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307208/implementation-issues-relevant-to-outpatient-neurology-palliative-care
#11
Benzi M Kluger, Michael J Persenaire, Samantha K Holden, Laura T Palmer, Hannah Redwine, Julie Berk, C Alan Anderson, Christopher M Filley, Jean Kutner, Janis Miyasaki, Julie Carter
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the application of palliative care principles to improve care for patients and families affected by neurologic diseases. We developed an interdisciplinary outpatient clinic for patients and families affected by neurologic disorders to better address the problems faced by our highest need patients. We have developed and improved this program over the past three years and share several of our most important lessons as well as ongoing challenges and areas where we see our clinic evolving in the future...
November 29, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297405/research-capacity-building-integrated-into-phit-projects-leveraging-research-and-research-funding-to-build-national-capacity
#12
Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth Jackson, Cathy Michel, Manuel Napua, Jackline Odhiambo, Ayaga Bawah
BACKGROUND: Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297392/summary-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-identifying-and-responding-to-maternal-and-newborn-illness-in-seven-countries-implications-for-programs
#13
Danielle Charlet, Allisyn C Moran, Supriya Madhavan
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of systematic information documenting recognition of potentially life-threatening complications and decisions to seek care, as well as reaching care and the specific steps in that process. In response to this gap in knowledge, a multi-country mixed methods study was conducted to illuminate the dynamics driving Delays 1 and 2 across seven countries for maternal and newborn illness and death. METHODS: A common protocol and tools were developed, adapted by each of seven study teams depending on their local context (Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and Nepal)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297390/methodology-for-a-mixed-methods-multi-country-study-to-assess-recognition-of-and-response-to-maternal-and-newborn-illness
#14
Allisyn C Moran, Danielle Charlet, Supriya Madhavan, Kumudha Aruldas, Marie Donaldson, Fatuma Manzi, Monica Okuga, Alfonso Rosales, Vandana Sharma, Michael Celone, Neal Brandes, James M Sherry
BACKGROUND: Although maternal and newborn mortality have decreased 44 and 46% respectively between 1990 and 2015, achievement of ambitious Sustainable Development Goal targets requires accelerated progress. Mortality reduction requires a renewed focus on the continuum of maternal and newborn care from the household to the health facility. Although barriers to accessing skilled care are documented for specific contexts, there is a lack of systematic evidence on how women and families identify maternal and newborn illness and make decisions and subsequent care-seeking patterns...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297341/measuring-health-systems-strength-and-its-impact-experiences-from-the-african-health-initiative
#15
Kenneth Sherr, Quinhas Fernandes, Almamy M Kanté, Ayaga Bawah, Jeanine Condo, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Health systems are essential platforms for accessible, quality health services, and population health improvements. Global health initiatives have dramatically increased health resources; however, funding to strengthen health systems has not increased commensurately, partially due to concerns about health system complexity and evidence gaps demonstrating health outcome improvements. In 2009, the African Health Initiative of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation began supporting Population Health Implementation and Training Partnership projects in five sub-Saharan African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia) to catalyze significant advances in strengthening health systems...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294592/-application-of-autoregressive-integrated-moving-average-model-in-predicting-the-reported-notifiable-communicable-diseases-in-china
#16
Z Z Shen, S Ma, Y M Qu, Y Jiang
Objective: To develop the models for predicting the reported legally notifiable diseases in China. Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model was applied to forecast the trend of diseases. Methods: Cases used for building the model were from of the records of Notifiable Infectious Diseases in China from May 2009 to July 2016 with R software and the model's predictive ability was tested by the data from August 2016 to January 2017. Results: A strong seasonal nature was seen in the reported cases of notifiable communicable diseases, with the lowest point in February and highest peak in June...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287747/teaching-nurses-teamwork-integrative-review-of-competency-based-team-training-in-nursing-education
#17
REVIEW
Glenn Barton, Anne Bruce, Rita Schreiber
Widespread demands for high reliability healthcare teamwork have given rise to many educational initiatives aimed at building team competence. Most effort has focused on interprofessional team training however; Registered Nursing teams comprise the largest human resource delivering direct patient care in hospitals. Nurses also influence many other health team outcomes, yet little is known about the team training curricula they receive, and furthermore what specific factors help translate teamwork competency to nursing practice...
December 20, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286267/landmark-lecture-on-cardiology-the-quest-for-the-ultimate-team-in-health-care-what-we-can-learn-from-musicians-about-leadership-innovation-and-teambuilding
#18
Daniel J Penny
The importance of teamwork is being increasingly recognised in healthcare. Nonetheless, it is equally recognised that teamwork is difficult. In this article, I explore whether we can learn lessons from musicians, orchestras, and conductors as we build our teams. The evolution of the role of the conductor provides useful lessons on leadership and the evolving role of the members of the orchestra on how team members can contribute to a shared outcome. The uncertainty of jazz provides useful lessons for innovation in an increasingly turbulent healthcare environment...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283665/victim-voice-in-reenvisioning-responses-to-sexual-and-physical-violence-nationally-and-internationally
#19
Mary P Koss, Jacquelyn W White, Elise C Lopez
Internationally and in the United States many victims of sexual assault and domestic violence are unserved, underserved, or ill-served, especially those from the most vulnerable populations. Programs developed in the United States are routinely exported to developing countries but often without success. Notably, the failures seen internationally resemble those in the United States and are related to structural and attitudinal-cultural factors. Many victims do not disclose, and if they do seek services, they often report that available options mismatch their objectives, present accessibility challenges, disempower their pursuit of justice, and fail to augment needed resources...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283178/implementation-of-an-evidenced-based-parenting-program-in-a-community-mental-health-setting
#20
Monica Roosa Ordway, Thomas J Mcmahon, Lourdes De Las Heras Kuhn, Nancy E Suchman
The process of mental health intervention implementation with vulnerable populations is not well-described in the literature. The authors worked as a community-partnered team to adapt and pilot an empirically supported intervention program for mothers of infants and toddlers in an outpatient mental health clinic that primarily serves a low-income community. We used qualitative ethnographic methods to document the adaption of an evidence-based intervention, Mothering from the Inside Out, and the pilot implementation in a community mental health clinic...
December 28, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
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