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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941353/making-it-work-a-bsn-faculty-s-process-of-curriculum-redesign
#1
Shannon Elliott, Glynda Rees, Eileen Shackell, Joan Walker
Curriculum renewal is an ongoing reality for all undergraduate nursing programs and is often a challenge for educators in preparing nursing students for practice. In response to constantly changing educational strategies, methodologies and knowledge, a BSN nursing program determined that a curriculum redesign was necessary. This article outlines a BSN faculty's curriculum redesign process from the perspective of the Curriculum Development Team. The process of building a knowledge base, establishing a foundation, designing the curriculum, involving faculty and lessons learned are outlined...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936121/a-mixed-method-study-of-an-education-intervention-to-reduce-use-of-restraint-and-implement-person-centered-dementia-care-in-nursing-homes
#2
Frode F Jacobsen, Tone Elin Mekki, Oddvar Førland, Bjarte Folkestad, Øyvind Kirkevold, Randi Skår, Eva Marie Tveit, Christine Øye
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia in nursing homes are most likely to be restrained. The primary aim of this mixed-method education intervention study was to investigate which factors hindered or facilitated staff awareness related to confidence building initiatives based on person-centred care, as an alternative to restraint in residents with dementia in nursing homes. The education intervention, consisting of a two-day seminar and monthly coaching sessions for six months, targeted nursing staff in 24 nursing homes in Western Norway...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930710/at-the-intersection-of-faith-culture-and-family-dynamics-a-complex-case-of-refusal-of-treatment-for-childhood-cancer
#3
Amy E Caruso Brown
Refusing treatment for potentially curable childhood cancers engenders much discussion and debate. I present a case in which the competent parents of a young Amish child with acute myeloid leukemia deferred authority for decision making to the child's maternal grandfather, who was vocal in his opposition to treatment. I analyze three related concerns that distinguish this case from other accounts of refused treatment. First, I place deference to grandparents as decision makers in the context of surrogate decision making more generally...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929481/lessons-learned-from-the-total-evacuation-of-a-hospital-after-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake
#4
Youichi Yanagawa, Hisayoshi Kondo, Takashi Okawa, Fumio Ochi
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes were a series of earthquakes that included a foreshock earthquake (magnitude 6.2) on April 14 and a main shock (magnitude 7.0) on April 16, 2016. A number of hospitals in Kumamoto were severely damaged by the two major earthquakes and required total evacuation. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed the activity data of the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams using the Emergency Medical Information System records to investigate the cases in which the total evacuation of a hospital was attempted following the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928490/the-application-of-volumometry-as-an-indication-criterion-in-blow-out-fractures-the-first-results-from-a-prospective-study
#5
Daniel Kovar, Richard Holy, Zdenek Voldrich, Pavel Voska, Jan Lestak, Jaromir Astl
Backgroung and Aim. This work builds on our publication on the subject of creating a mathematical model for calculating the volume of proplaped soft tissue of the orbit in blow-out fractures, which aids us greatly in our choice of the most effective treatment immediately post-accident. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study (2014 - 2016) we treated 29 patients with blow-out fractures. 18 (62%) were treated conservatively and in 11 (38%) we proceeded surgically. We decided whether surgical or non-surgical therapy was appropriate on the basis of clinical ENT, eye examination and the total volume of prolapsed orbital soft tissue...
August 31, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928346/medical-students-perceived-educational-needs-to-prevent-and-treat-childhood-obesity
#6
Natalie K Cooke, Sarah L Ash, L Suzanne Goodell
BACKGROUND: Medical schools are challenged to incorporate more prevention-based education into curricula, offering an opportunity to revisit approaches to nutrition education. The objective of this study was to explore United States (US) medical students' understanding of childhood obesity, specifically barriers to childhood obesity prevention and treatment and students' perceived educational deficits. METHODS: The research team conducted phone interviews with 78 3rd- and 4th-year medical students, representing 25 different medical schools across the US...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925150/-construction-of-nirs-based-process-analytical-system-for-production-of-salvianolic-acid-for-injection-and-relative-discussion
#7
Lei Zhang, Hong-Shui Yue, Ai-Chun Ju, Zheng-Liang Ye
Currently, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been considered as an efficient tool for achieving process analytical technology(PAT) in the manufacture of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) products. In this article, the NIRS based process analytical system for the production of salvianolic acid for injection was introduced. The design of the process analytical system was described in detail, including the selection of monitored processes and testing mode, and potential risks that should be avoided. Moreover, the development of relative technologies was also presented, which contained the establishment of the monitoring methods for the elution of polyamide resin and macroporous resin chromatography processes, as well as the rapid analysis method for finished products...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#8
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914119/building-on-mental-health-training-for-law-enforcement-strengthening-community-partnerships
#9
Jorien Campbell, Cyrus Ahalt, Randall Hagar, William Arroyo
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the current state of law enforcement training related to the high number of interactions with persons with mental illness, and to recommend next steps in preparing law enforcement to effectively meet this challenge. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed the current literature on relevant law enforcement training programs, focusing primarily on crisis intervention team (CIT) training, and used the case example of California to identify opportunities to improve and enhance law enforcement preparedness for the challenge of responding to persons with mental illness...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911332/-we-are-toothless-and-hanging-but-optimistic-sub-county-managers-experiences-of-rapid-devolution-in-coastal-kenya
#10
Mary M Nyikuri, Benjamin Tsofa, Philip Okoth, Edwine W Barasa, Sassy Molyneux
BACKGROUND: In March 2013, Kenya transitioned from a centralized to a devolved system of governance. Within the health sector, this entailed the transfer of service provision functions to 47 newly formed semi-autonomous counties, while policy and regulatory functions were retained at the national level. The devolution process was rapid rather than progressive. METHODS: We conducted qualitative research within one county to examine the early experiences of devolution in the health sector...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911324/leadership-and-governance-of-community-health-worker-programmes-at-scale-a-cross-case-analysis-of-provincial-implementation-in-south-africa
#11
Helen Schneider, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo
BACKGROUND: National community health worker (CHW) programmes are returning to favour as an integral part of primary health care systems, often on the back of pre-existing community based initiatives. There are significant challenges to the integration and support of such programmes, and they require coordination and stewardship at all levels of the health system. This paper explores the leadership and governance tasks of large-scale CHW programmes at sub-national level, through the case of national reforms to South Africa's community based sector, referred to as the Ward Based Outreach Team (WBOT) strategy...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904912/assessment-of-anxiety-level-of-emergency-health-care-workers-by-generalized-anxiety-disorder-7-tool
#12
Nesrin Alharthy, Osama Abdulrahman Alrajeh, Mohammed Almutairi, Ahmed Alhajri
BACKGROUND: Dealing with emergency patients is considered to be a stressful situation to all health-care workers in the emergency department (ED). Prolonged stress predispose to physical and inconsequential psychiatric disturbances. Anxiety and depressive mode were found to be the most commonly experienced psychiatric manifestation among emergency health-care workers. The aim of this study is to screen and assess the severity of anxiety among health professionals working in ED. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design was used...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904274/factors-relating-to-self-efficacy-among-psychiatric-nurses
#13
Hironori Yada, Mako Kobayashi, Ryo Odachi, Toshie Yamane
This study aimed to clarify the factors related to self-efficacy experienced by psychiatric nurses. Analysis of qualitative descriptive data from a free self-description questionnaire administered to 16 psychiatric nurses working in psychiatric hospitals revealed 24 codes across the following 8 categories as factors that increase self-efficacy: A1. possibility of practical use in nursing, A2. nursing judgment, A3. improvement of psychiatric symptoms, A4. the patients presenting a positive attitude, A5. building a relationship of trust with the patients, A6...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899702/giving-taking-and-matching-leveraging-the-power-of-diverse-collaborative-behaviors-to-build-a-successful-radiology-team
#14
Nupur Verma, Tan-Lucien Mohammed, Puneet Bhargava
Within a radiology team, members individually lean toward being givers or takers. Radiology leadership must recognize this characteristic and leverage the strengths of givers and takers to best assist the team and to provide effective motivation. Understanding the importance of balancing these qualities within a team improves productivity and morale and reduces burnout.
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893137/building-situation-awareness-on-the-move-staff-monitoring-behavior-in-clinic-corridors
#15
Esther González-Martínez, Adrian Bangerter, Kim Lê Van
We conducted a workplace research project on staff mobility in a Swiss hospital outpatient clinic that involved extensive fieldwork and video recordings. The article describes monitoring practices and routines that staff engage in as they walk through the corridors and in and out of the clinic's rooms. The staff perform checks on on-going activity, share their observations with colleagues, and take responsive action while engaged in away-oriented walk or in specific roaming, action-seeking, rallying, and patrolling walk...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#16
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890523/nation-wide-implementation-of-disaster-medical-coordinators-in-japan
#17
Shinichi Egawa, Tomomi Suda, Tracey Elizabeth Claire Jones-Konneh, Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki
In the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), successful medical and public health coordination by pre-assigned disaster medical coordinators saved many affected people, though the coordination itself had difficulties. This study aims to clarify the implementation and the challenges of disaster medical coordinators in Japan. We performed questionnaire surveillance in 2012 and 2014 to all prefectural government on assignment of disaster medical coordinators, their expected roles and supporting system. Out of all 47 prefectures, assignment or planning of disaster medical coordinators jumped up from four (8...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888504/parenting-practices-of-african-immigrants-in-destination-countries-a-qualitative-research-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Bukola Salami, Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Salima Meherali, Oluwakemi Amodu, Thane Chambers
PROBLEM: While studies have discussed the parenting practices and challenges of African immigrants, no paper has synthesized the results of these qualitative studies. We conducted a qualitative synthesis of the literature to summarize and interpret knowledge of African immigrants' parenting practices and challenges in destination countries to identify future directions for research, policy, and practice. ELIGIBILITY: We used a qualitative research synthesis method involving meta-summary and meta-synthesis of the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880098/moving-research-on-health-and-close-relationships-forward-a-challenge-and-an-obligation-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#19
Christine Dunkel Schetter
Close relationships are integral to the health and adaptation of our species. The evidence is incontestable, and it is the building block upon which future theory, research, and practice rests. This foreword notes the distinct domains and independent histories of relationship science and health psychology and calls for further thorough integration within the broader context of team science. The articles in this special issue focus on interpersonal mechanisms, cultural specificity, personality and emotion regulation, couples dynamics in chronic disease, and the increasingly complex biological mechanisms involved in linking relationships to health outcomes...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875879/building-capacity-for-development-and-implementation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#20
Q Louw, J M Dizon, K Grimmer, M McCaul, T Kredo, T Young
Robust, reliable and transparent methodologies are necessary to ensure that clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) meet international criteria. In South Africa (SA) and other low- and middle-income countries, upskilling and training of individuals in the processes of CPG development is needed. Since de novo CPG development is time-consuming and expensive, new emerging CPG-development approaches (adopting, contextualising, adapting and updating existing good-quality CPGs) are potentially more appropriate for our context...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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