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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640829/an-exploration-of-collaborative-scientific-production-at-mit-through-spatial-organization-and-institutional-affiliation
#1
Matthew Claudel, Emanuele Massaro, Paolo Santi, Fiona Murray, Carlo Ratti
Academic research is increasingly cross-disciplinary and collaborative, between and within institutions. In this context, what is the role and relevance of an individual's spatial position on a campus? We examine the collaboration patterns of faculty at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, through their academic output (papers and patents), and their organizational structures (institutional affiliation and spatial configuration) over a 10-year time span. An initial comparison of output types reveals: 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639439/somatic-characteristics-and-motor-fitness-of-elite-and-sub-elite-polish-male-badminton-players
#2
Paweł Tomaszewski, Anna Kęska, Joanna Tkaczyk, Dariusz Nowicki, Edyta Sienkiewicz-Dianzenza
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of somatic and fitness traits is believed to contribute to success in an international badminton competitions however, these have not been sufficiently explored in elite Polish badminton players. Therefore, the aim of the study was to assess somatic build and physical fitness of elite and sub-elite Polish badminton players and to identify key traits that determine achieving sporting success in badminton. METHODS: The study participants comprised 20 men from the Polish Badminton National Teams A (elite; n = 9) and B (sub-elite; n = 11)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635973/deconstructing-decisions-to-initiate-maintain-or-discontinue-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Shirley M Bluethmann, Caitlin C Murphy, Jasmin A Tiro, Michelle A Mollica, Sally W Vernon, Leona Kay Bartholomew
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) has been shown to improve survival in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer survivors, but as many as half do not complete recommended treatment. Management of medication-related side effects and engagement with providers are two potentially modifiable factors, but their associations with adherence are not well understood. The aims were to build on survey results to qualitatively explore survivors' experiences with prescribed AET to (a) describe appraisal and management of AET side effects and (b) deconstruct decisions to initiate, discontinue, or maintain AET...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634619/implementation-of-li-rads-into-a-radiological-practice
#4
REVIEW
Stefan T Siedlikowski, Ania Z Kielar, Eleanor L Ormsby, Bijan Bijan, Christopher Kagay
Since its introduction in 2011, Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) has become an increasingly utilized method for radiologists to categorize lesions for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients at risk (American College of Radiology, www.acr.org/quality-safety/resources/lirads 2016). This overview article presents insight into methods of incorporating LI-RADS into an existing clinical practice, highlighting concrete ways to establish this system as a mainstay in any radiologist's evidence-based armamentarium...
June 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632445/critique-and-contribute-a-practice-based-framework-for-improving-critical-data-studies-and-data-science
#5
Gina Neff, Anissa Tanweer, Brittany Fiore-Gartland, Laura Osburn
What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631809/anabolic-steroids-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#6
REVIEW
Cho Naing, Maxine A Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bed sores, pressure sores or decubitus ulcers develop as a result of a localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both. The ulcers usually arise over a bony prominence, and are recognised as a common medical problem affecting people confined to a bed or wheelchair for long periods of time. Anabolic steroids are used as off-label drugs (drugs which are used without regulatory approval) and have been used as adjuvants to usual treatment with dressings, debridement, nutritional supplements, systemic antibiotics and antiseptics, which are considered to be supportive in healing of pressure ulcers...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631275/a-typology-of-interprofessional-teamwork-in-acute-geriatric-care-a-study-in-55-units-in-belgium
#7
Ruth D Piers, Karen J J Versluys, Johan Devoghel, Sophie Lambrecht, André Vyt, Nele J Van Den Noortgate
OBJECTIVES: To explore the quality of interprofessional teamwork in acute geriatric care and to build a model of team types. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicenter study. SETTING: Acute geriatric units in Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Team members of different professional backgrounds. MEASUREMENTS: Perceptions of interprofessional teamwork among team members of 55 acute geriatric units in Belgium were measured using a survey covering collaborative practice and experience, managerial coaching and open team culture, shared reflection and decision-making, patient files facilitating teamwork, members' belief in the power of teamwork, and members' comfort in reporting incidents...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630504/academic-pharmacy-where-is-our-influence
#8
Stefanie P Ferreri, L Brian Cross, Scott D Hanes, Tara Jenkins, Douglas Meyer, Amy Pittenger
Objective. To evaluate the talents of fellows from cohorts 1-10 of the Academic Leadership Fellows Program (ALFP). Methods. This was a descriptive analysis of previously collected ALFP cohort data reflecting the talents using the Clifton StrengthsFinder assessment tool. Data consisted of 295 fellows from the first 10 years of the ALFP program. The Clifton StrengthsFinder talents were aggregated and analyzed to determine talents (strengths) distribution and domain. The aggregate of the four domains were compared among ALFP fellows using a chi-square analysis with an a priori alpha of ...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629705/nursing-involvement-in-risk-and-patient-safety-management-in-primary-care
#9
Valle Coronado-Vázquez, Ana García-López, Susana López-Sauras, José María Turón Alcaine
Patient safety and quality of care in a highly complex healthcare system depends not only on the actions of professionals at an individual level, but also on interaction with the environment. Proactive risk management in the system to prevent incidents and activities targeting healthcare teams is crucial in establishing a culture of safety in centres. Nurses commonly lead these safety strategies. Even though safety incidents are relatively infrequent in primary care, since the majority are preventable, actions at this level of care are highly effective...
June 16, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623911/moderate-mental-illness-as-a-predictor-of-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening
#10
Ginetta Salvalaggio, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Manca
BACKGROUND: Primary care plays a pivotal role in the provision of both mental health care and chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). Unfortunately, moderate mental illness (MMI) is associated with poorer general health outcomes. Part of this burden of illness may be due to reduced CDPS uptake. The Building on the Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention in Primary Care (BETTER) trial recruited 777 participants ages 40-65 from 32 family practice panels, of whom 135 (18...
June 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616493/leadership-governance-and-partnerships-are-essential-one-health-competencies
#11
EDITORIAL
Craig Stephen, Barry Stemshorn
One Health is held as an approach to solve health problems in this era of complexity and globalization, but inadequate attention has been paid to the competencies required to build successful teams and programs. Most of the discussion on developing One Health teams focuses on creating cross-disciplinary awareness and technical skills. There is, however, evidence that collaborative, multi-disciplinary teams need skills, processes and institutions that enable policy and operations to be co-managed and co-delivered across jurisdictions...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607235/meeting-the-current-and-future-health-care-needs-of-sri-lanka-s-ageing-population
#12
Dilhar Samaraweera, Shiromi Maduwage
Sri Lanka is one of the fastest-ageing countries in the world. This rapid demographic transition is expected to result in one quarter of the population being elderly by the year 2041. Profound challenges face the country as a result, especially with respect to planning adequate elderly-oriented services in the social-care and health-care sectors. In response to this need, many initiatives have been put in place to promote and protect the welfare of older people, and these rights have been inscribed in law. Within the health sector, despite the wealth of policies and initiatives in recent years, it is clear that the existing health infrastructure and systems still require strengthening, reorientation and coordination, to meet the needs of the growing population of elderly individuals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602100/using-chembl-web-services-for-building-applications-and-data-processing-workflows-relevant-to-drug-discovery
#13
Michał M Nowotka, Anna Gaulton, David Mendez, A Patricia Bento, Anne Hersey, Andrew Leach
ChEMBL is a manually curated database of bioactivity data on small drug-like molecules, used by drug discovery scientists. Among many access methods, a REST API provides programmatic access, allowing the remote retrieval of ChEMBL data and its integration into other applications. This approach allows scientists to move from a world where they go to the ChEMBL web site to search for relevant data, to one where ChEMBL data can be simply integrated into their everyday tools and work environment. Areas covered: This review highlights some of the audiences who may benefit from using the ChEMBL API, and the goals they can address, through the description of several use cases...
June 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601312/improving-staff-perception-of-a-safety-climate-with-crew-resource-management-training
#14
SreyRam Kuy, Ramon A L Romero
BACKGROUND: Communication failure is one of the top root causes in patient safety adverse events. Crew resource management (CRM) is a team building communication process intended to improve patient safety by improving team dynamics. First, to describe implementation of CRM in a Veterans Affair (VA) surgical service. Second, to assess whether staff CRM training is related to improvement in staff perception of a safety climate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mandatory CRM training was implemented for all surgical service staff at a VA Hospital at 0 and 12 mo...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601206/prolonged-field-care-beyond-the-golden-hour
#15
REVIEW
Sean Keenan, Jamie C Riesberg
Prolonged field care (PFC) has emerged as a recent area of focus for US military Special Operations Forces (SOF) medical experts. Focused on the current reality of providing medical care to military forces often deployed in remote and austere locations far from medical support or a robust casualty evacuation chain, PFC encompasses evolving operational situations not unlike many wilderness medicine practice environments. SOF currently operates in all areas of the world and on a variety of different missions, which finds these small teams far from the accustomed practice environment of robust deployed medical infrastructure commonly seen during the last 15 years of military conflicts...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596904/redeamericas-building-research-capacity-in-young-leaders-for-sustainable-growth-in-community-mental-health-services-in-latin-america
#16
L Yang, C Pratt, E Valencia, S Conover, R Fernández, M S Burrone, M T Cavalcanti, G Lovisi, G Rojas, R Alvarado, S Galea, L N Price, E Susser
The purpose of this paper is to describe the development and initial accomplishments of a training program of young leaders in community mental health research as part of a Latin American initiative known as RedeAmericas. RedeAmericas was one of five regional 'Hubs' funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to improve community mental health care and build mental health research capacity in low- and middle-income countries. It included investigators in six Latin American cities - Santiago, Chile; Medellín, Colombia; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and Córdoba, Neuquén, and Buenos Aires in Argentina - working together with a team affiliated with the Global Mental Health program at Columbia University in New York City...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595429/expanding-palliative-care-s-reach-in-the-community-via-the-elder-service-agency-network
#17
M Carrington Reid, Angela Ghesquiere, Cara Kenien, Elizabeth Capezuti, Daniel Gardner
Over the past two decades, palliative care has established itself as a promising approach to address the complex needs of individuals with advanced illness. Palliative care is well-established in US hospitals and has recently begun to expand outside of the hospital setting to meet the needs of non-hospitalized individuals. Experts have called for the development of innovative community-based models that facilitate delivery of palliative care to this target population. Elder service agencies are important partners that researchers should collaborate with to develop new and promising models...
April 17, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594076/the-future-of-safety-science-is-happening-now-the-modernization-of-the-benefit-risk-paradigm
#18
Fabio Lievano, Linda Scarazzini, Frank Shen, James Duhig, Jeremy Jokinen
The future of safety science is happening now and has the potential to improve patient outcomes through an evolving approach to benefit-risk assessment. Three building blocks for the future of safety science, cognitive and behavioral systems, medical assessment, and data science, individually and collaboratively advance and modernize the benefit-risk paradigm. Incorporating the patient perspective and patient experiences will help identify tools that are useful in real-world practice. Medical assessment teams will bring together the study of toxicity and toxicogenomics, biomarkers, and special populations to personalize the benefit-risk profile...
June 8, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592246/using-a-programmatic-mapping-approach-to-plan-for-hiv-prevention-and-harm-reduction-interventions-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-three-south-african-cities
#19
Andrew Scheibe, Shaun Shelly, Andrew Lambert, Andrea Schneider, Rudolf Basson, Nelson Medeiros, Kalvanya Padayachee, Helen Savva, Harry Hausler
BACKGROUND: Stigma, criminalisation and a lack of data on drug use contribute to the "invisibility" of people who inject drugs (PWID) and make HIV prevention and treatment service delivery challenging. We aimed to confirm locations where PWID congregate in Cape Town, eThekwini and Tshwane (South Africa) and to estimate PWID population sizes within selected electoral wards in these areas to inform South Africa's first multi-site HIV prevention project for PWID. METHODS: Field workers (including PWID peers) interviewed community informants to identify suspected injecting locations in selected electoral wards in each city and then visited these locations and interviewed PWID...
June 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580677/lgbtq-youth-s-views-on-gay-straight-alliances-building-community-providing-gateways-and-representing-safety-and-support
#20
Carolyn M Porta, Erin Singer, Christopher J Mehus, Amy L Gower, Elizabeth Saewyc, Windy Fredkove, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are school-based clubs that can contribute to a healthy school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. While positive associations between health behaviors and GSAs have been documented, less is known about how youth perceive GSAs. METHODS: A total of 58 LGBTQ youth (14-19 years old) mentioned GSAs during go-along interviews in 3 states/provinces in North America. These 446 comments about GSAs were thematically coded and organized using Atlas...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
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