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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447831/fuse-or-fracture-threat-as-a-moderator-of-the-effects-of-diversity-faultlines-in-teams
#1
Trevor M Spoelma, Aleksander P J Ellis
While faultlines theory has received quite a bit of attention in the literature, there has been some inconsistency in findings regarding identity and information faultlines. Namely, identity faultlines do not always result in harmful social categorizations and information faultlines do not always increase information-processing capabilities. However, according to the categorization-elaboration model (CEM; van Knippenberg, De Dreu, & Homan, 2004), any category of diversity can result in categorization processes and intergroup bias...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445215/promoting-learning-and-patient-care-through-shared-reflection-a-conceptual-framework-for-team-reflexivity-in-health-care
#2
Jan B Schmutz, Walter J Eppich
Health care teams are groups of highly skilled experts who may often form inexpert teams because of a lack of collective competence. Because teamwork and collaboration form the foundation of effective clinical practice, factors that promote collective competence demand exploration. The authors review team reflexivity (TR), a concept from psychology and management literatures, and how it could contribute to the collective competence of health care teams. TR captures a team's ability to reflect collectively on group objectives, strategies, goals, processes, and outcomes of past, current, and future performance to process key information and adapt accordingly...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435494/the-efficacy-of-lucas-in-prehospital-cardiac-arrest-scenarios-a-crossover-mannequin-study
#3
Robert A Gyory, Scott E Buchle, David Rodgers, Jeffrey S Lubin
INTRODUCTION: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is critical for successful cardiac arrest outcomes. Mechanical devices may improve CPR quality. We simulated a prehospital cardiac arrest, including patient transport, and compared the performance of the LUCAS™ device, a mechanical chest compression-decompression system, to manual CPR. We hypothesized that because of the movement involved in transporting the patient, LUCAS would provide chest compressions more consistent with high-quality CPR guidelines...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435229/medication-adherence-and-persistence-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-perspectives-of-patients-physicians-and-pharmacists-on-the-spanish-health-care-system
#4
Elena Labrador Barba, Marta Rodríguez de Miguel, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Francisco Javier Alonso-Moreno, Maria Luisa Orera Peña, Susana Aceituno, María José Faus Dader
OBJECTIVE: A good relationship between diabetes patients and their health care team is crucial to ensure patients' medication adherence and self-management. To this end, we aimed to identify and compare the views of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, physicians and pharmacists concerning the factors and strategies that may be associated with, or could improve, medication adherence and persistence. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional study was conducted using an electronic self-administered questionnaire comprising 11 questions (5-point Likert scale) concerning factors and strategies related to medication adherence...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434918/forming-and-activating-an-internal-facilitation-group-for-successful-implementation-a-qualitative-study
#5
Megan B McCullough, Chris Gillespie, Beth Ann Petrakis, Ellen A Jones, Angela M Park, Carol VanDeusen Lukas, Adam J Rose
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on an implementation facilitation strategy to improve the delivery of anticoagulation care within pharmacy-run clinics across 8 Veterans Health Administration (VA) medical centers. Other studies have explored various models of implementation facilitation, including external facilitation (EF), internal facilitation (IF), and blended facilitation (BF) combining both approaches. This study focuses on the use of an internal facilitation team of anticoagulation coordinators representing 8 VA anticoagulation clinics to enhance the implementation process...
April 9, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428885/the-why-what-and-how-of-the-new-fact-standards-for-immune-effector-cells
#6
EDITORIAL
Marcela V Maus, Sarah Nikiforow
Novel cellular therapies outside of traditional hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) therapy are currently under evaluation in clinical trials across the United States and around the world. Several cellular products, e.g., CD19-directed Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T cells, are poised for FDA approval and thus increased use at a wider range of academic centers within the next year, with the likelihood of dissemination to standard oncology practice once safety is confirmed...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424194/common-care-practices-among-effective-community-based-specialist-palliative-care-teams-a-qualitative-study
#7
Hsien Seow, Daryl Bainbridge, Melissa Brouwers, Deanna Bryant, Sue Tan Toyofuku, Mary Lou Kelley
OBJECTIVE: Evidence has shown that, despite wide variation in models of care, community-based specialist palliative care teams can improve outcomes and reduce acute care use at end of life. The goal of this study was to explore similarities in care practices among effective and diverse specialist teams to inform the development of other community-based teams. METHODS: Interviews with 78 providers and administrators from 11 distinct community-based specialist palliative care teams from Ontario, Canada were conducted...
April 19, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423164/triple-aim-in-canada-developing-capacity-to-lead-to-better-health-care-and-cost
#8
Elina Farmanova, Christine Kirvan, Jennifer Verma, Geetha Mukerji, Nurdin Akunov, Kaye Phillips, Stephen Samis
Quality problem: Many modern health systems strive for 'Triple Aim' (TA)-better health for populations, improved experience of care for patients and lower costs of the system, but note challenges in implementation. Outcomes of applying TA as a quality improvement framework (QI) have started to be realized with early lessons as to why some systems make progress while others do not. Initial assessment: Limited evidence is available as to how organizations create the capacity and infrastructure required to design, implement, evaluate and sustain TA systems...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419042/geriatric-fracture-care-future-trajectories-a-2015-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#9
Julie A Switzer, Kevin J Bozic, Stephen L Kates
The population of the United States and the world is aging rapidly. Musculoskeletal care for older adults will be impacted by the manner in which health care is financed and the ability of the orthopaedic community to provide evidence-based integrated care for this population. We review the financial aspects of health-care reform and the implications for musculoskeletal care in the elderly. We discuss the establishment of quality measures for hip fracture care in the elderly, team building to accomplish this, and an innovative program designed to provide orthopaedic care to the frail elderly outside of the usual office setting...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418117/articulating-the-ideal-50-years-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-medical-education
#10
Elise Paradis, Mandy Pipher, Carrie Cartmill, J Cristian Rangel, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Health care delivery and the education of clinicians have changed immensely since the creation of the journal Medical Education. In this project, we seek to answer the following three questions: How has the concept of collaboration changed over the past 50 years in Medical Education? Have the participants involved in collaboration shifted over time? Has the idea of collaboration itself been transformed over the past 50 years? METHODS: Starting from a constructionist view of scientific discourse, we used directed content analysis to sample, code and analyse 144 collaboration-related articles over the 50-year life span of Medical Education...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416852/-first-aid-system-for-trauma-development-and-status
#11
D K Chen, W C Lin, P Zhang, S J Kuang, W Huang, T B Wang
With the great progress of the economy, the level of industrialization has been increasing year by year, which leads to an increase in accidental trauma accidents. Chinese annual death of trauma is already more than 400 000, which makes trauma the fifth most common cause of death, following malignant tumor, heart, brain and respiratory diseases. Trauma is the leading cause of the death of young adults. At the same time, trauma has become a serious social problem in peace time. Trauma throws great treats on human health and life...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410247/ce-original-research-creating-an-evidence-based-progression-for-clinical-advancement-programs
#12
Kathleen G Burke, Tonya Johnson, Christine Sites, Jane Barnsteiner
: Background: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project have identified six nursing competencies and supported their integration into undergraduate and graduate nursing curricula nationwide. But integration of those competencies into clinical practice has been limited, and evidence for the progression of competency proficiency within clinical advancement programs is scant. Using an evidence-based approach and building on the competencies identified by the IOM and QSEN, a team of experts at an academic health system developed eight competency domains and 186 related knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) for professional nursing practice...
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398984/experiences-of-pre-licensure-or-pre-registration-health-professional-students-and-their-educators-in-working-with-intra-professional-teams-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#13
Diane L Butcher, Karen MacKinnon, Anne Bruce, Carol Gordon, Clare Koning
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional initiatives are prevalent in the healthcare landscape, requiring professionals to collaborate effectively to provide quality patient care. Little attention has been given to intra-professional relationships, where professionals within one disciplinary domain (such as degree and diploma nursing students) collaborate to provide care. New care models are being introduced where baccalaureate and diploma students of a particular discipline (such as nursing, occupational therapy, dentistry or physiotherapy) work closely together in teams to deliver care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397636/community-emergency-response-team-cert-training-of-high-risk-teens-in-the-community-of-watts-south-los-angeles-2013-2014
#14
Shamika Ossey, Sharon Sylvers, Sona Oksuzyan, Lisa V Smith, Douglas Frye, Leila Family, Jannah Scott, Jan B King
The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) concept was initially developed for adult members of the community to help prepare for disasters and minimize damage when disasters occur. CERTs also served as a tool for building community capacity and self-sufficiency by supporting a diverse group of people working together in dealing with challenges affecting their communities. The novel approach to CERTs described here sought to involve high-risk youth from low-socioeconomic status communities in CERTs and first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training to help them build ties with communities, stay off the streets, and become leaders in the community...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390795/the-use-of-team-building-activities-to-build-a-better-resident
#15
James D Ireland, Linda A Deloney, Shyann Renfroe, Kedar Jambhekar
We implemented team building activities to build a better resident during our orientation process and we have refined the choice of activities each year since. Resident satisfaction with their team building actives provided feedback to improve the following years' experience. While there is no definite way to demonstrate the effectiveness of our team building initiative, our expectation is it will improve the residency experience and work environment, and ultimately, result in better patient care. We focus on five aspects of team building - personal history sharing, creativity and imagination, common bonds, cooperation, and shared experience...
February 16, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384070/the-palliative-care-quality-network-improving-the-quality-of-caring
#16
Steven Z Pantilat, Angela K Marks, Kara E Bischoff, Ashley R Bragg, David L O'Riordan
OBJECTIVE: Describe the establishment of the palliative care quality network (PCQN) with guidance on how teams can develop similar collaborations. BACKGROUND: In the current healthcare environment, palliative care (PC) teams must be able to demonstrate value and provide efficient care while supporting the clinicians who provide that care. DESCRIPTION: The PCQN is a national quality improvement (QI) collaborative comprised of specialty PC teams from a diverse range of hospitals across the United States Results: PCQN members identified five core activities to support PC teams...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384003/qualifications-and-competencies-for-population-health-management-positions-a-content-analysis-of-job-postings
#17
Melanie Meyer
The need for population health management expertise has increased as the health care industry shifts toward value-based care. However, many organizations report hiring gaps as they seek to fill positions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of population health management positions for which health care organizations are hiring, including qualifications and competencies required for these positions. A content analysis was conducted on 271 job postings collected during a 2-month period. A typology of qualifications and competencies was developed based on the content analysis...
April 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381894/teaching-student-pharmacists-to-apply-drug-literature-to-patient-cases
#18
Robert D Beckett, Jennifer A Henriksen, Kierstan Hanson, Holly D Robison
Objective. To implement a series of activities designed to build drug literature evaluation skills and assess their impact on student pharmacists' ability to apply study results to patient cases. Design. Coursework was integrated across two didactic and pharmacy practice laboratory (PPL) courses. Team and individual journal clubs were used in traditional and case-based approaches during PPL courses to reinforce skills introduced in didactic courses. Student performance and perceptions were assessed during orientation for the third professional (P3) year and after the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) at the end of the P3 year in identical drug literature evaluation assessments and pre- and post-intervention surveys of students...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381096/bee-safe-a-skill-building-intervention-to-enhance-cam-health-literacy-lessons-learned
#19
Jean Shreffler-Grant, Elizabeth G Nichols, Clarann Weinert
The purpose is to describe a feasibility study of a skill-building intervention to enhance health literacy about complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies among older rural adults and share lessons learned. A study was designed to examine the feasibility of an intervention to enhance CAM health literacy. The theme was "Bee SAFE" for Be a wise user of CAM, Safety, Amount, From where, and Effect. Modules were presented face to face and by webinar with older adults at a senior center in one small rural community...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380153/philosophy-and-conceptual-framework-collectively-structuring-nursing-care-systematization
#20
Eudinéia Luz Schmitz, Francine Lima Gelbcke, Mario Sérgio Bruggmann, Susian Cássia Liz Luz
Objective: To build the Nursing Philosophy and Conceptual Framework that will support the Nursing Care Systematization in a hospital in southern Brazil with the active participation of the institution's nurses. Methods: Convergent Care Research Data collection took place from July to October 2014, through two workshops and four meetings, with 42 nurses. As a result, the nursing philosophy and conceptual framework were created and the theory was chosen. Data analysis was performed based on Morse and Field...
March 30, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
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