keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intensive glycemic control

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711513/the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-function-stress-management-training-in-glycemic-control-in-children-and-in-mental-health-of-mother-caring-for-child-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Mozhdeh Saghaei, Pouya Omidi, Elham Hashemi Dehkordi, Parvin Safavi
AIM: The study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a training course of cognitive-behavioral stress management in glycaemia regulation in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus as well as in mental health status of their mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and their mothers were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. A group of mothers (n=25; as experimental one besides their children) passed a course, eight 2-h sessions, on the cognitive-behavioral and stress management, and the control group received the usual care...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707484/autoregressive-modeling-of-drift-and-random-error-to-characterize-a-continuous-intravascular-glucose-monitoring-sensor
#2
Tony Zhou, Jennifer L Dickson, J Geoffrey Chase
BACKGROUND: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices have been effective in managing diabetes and offer potential benefits for use in the intensive care unit (ICU). Use of CGM devices in the ICU has been limited, primarily due to the higher point accuracy errors over currently used traditional intermittent blood glucose (BG) measures. General models of CGM errors, including drift and random errors, are lacking, but would enable better design of protocols to utilize these devices. This article presents an autoregressive (AR) based modeling method that separately characterizes the drift and random noise of the GlySure CGM sensor (GlySure Limited, Oxfordshire, UK)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700767/effect-of-non-insulin-based-glucose-lowering-therapies-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Szymon L Wiernek, Matthew A Cavender
Current guidelines for the treatment of patients with diabetes are focused on improving glycemic control and treating appropriate cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. Basic recommendations include blood pressure management with a goal of <140 mm Hg systolic pressure, statin therapy in all patients ≥40 years of age with diabetes (moderate intensity for all, and high intensity if at high risk of CVD events), and aspirin therapy in all adults at increased CV risk (10-year risk of CVD events >10%). Oral antihyperglycemic medications remain the cornerstone of treatment for optimizing glucose control in patients with diabetes...
June 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699798/durability-of-response-to-dapagliflozin-a-review-of-long-term-efficacy-and-safety
#4
Serge Jabbour
BACKGROUND: Due to the chronic nature of type 2 diabetes (T2D), it is essential for an antidiabetic drug to have durable efficacy and a good long-term safety profile. Dapagliflozin is a member of a unique class of antidiabetic drugs that inhibit the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) in the renal tubules and have an insulin-independent mechanism of action. In short-term studies (≤24 weeks), dapagliflozin reduced glycated hemoglobin (A1c), weight, and systolic blood pressure, and had a good safety profile...
July 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684638/high-intensity-interval-exercise-and-glycemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-one-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-study
#5
Emma J Cockcroft, Christopher Moudiotis, Julie Kitchen, Bert Bond, Craig A Williams, Alan R Barker
Current physical activity guidelines for youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are poorly supported by empirical evidence and the optimal dose of physical activity to improve glycemic control is unknown. This case report documents the effect of acute high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and moderate-intensity exercise (MIE) on 24-h glycemic control in three adolescents with T1D using continuous glucose monitoring. Results highlight varied individual response to exercise across the participants. In two participants both MIE and HIIE resulted in a drop in blood glucose during exercise (-38 to -42% for MIE and -21-46% in HIIE) and in one participant both MIE and HIIE resulted in increased blood glucose (+19% and + 36%, respectively)...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664624/adherence-to-a-lifestyle-program-for-youth-with-type-2-diabetes-and-its-association-with-treatment-outcome-in-the-today-clinical-trial
#6
Robert I Berkowitz, Marsha D Marcus, Barbara J Anderson, Linda Delahanty, Nisha Grover, Andrea Kriska, Lori Laffel, Amy Syme, Elizabeth Venditti, Dorothy J Van Buren, Denise E Wilfley, Patrice Yasuda, Kathryn Hirst
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of proxies of behavioral adherence to the Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) lifestyle program with changes in glycemic control and obesity in a multi-ethnic sample of youth with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The TODAY clinical trial included an intensive lifestyle intervention to promote weight reduction. Adherence was assessed with measures of attendance at intervention sessions and rates of self-monitoring of diet and physical activity by participants and their caregivers...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660565/biopsychosocial-aspects-of-weight-management-in-type-1-diabetes-a-review-and-next-steps
#7
REVIEW
Kimberly A Driscoll, Karen D Corbin, David M Maahs, Richard Pratley, Franziska K Bishop, Anna Kahkoska, Korey K Hood, Elizabeth Mayer-Davis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize the type 1 diabetes (T1D) and weight literature with an emphasis on barriers associated with weight management, the unique T1D-specific factors that impact weight loss success, maladaptive and adaptive strategies for weight loss, and interventions to promote weight loss. RECENT FINDINGS: Weight gain is associated with intensive insulin therapy. Overweight and obese weight status in individuals with T1D is higher than the general population and prevalence is rising...
August 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659869/resting-metabolic-rate-does-not-change-in-response-to-different-types-of-training-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Kristian Karstoft, Cecilie Fau Brinkløv, Ida Kær Thorsen, Jens Steen Nielsen, Mathias Ried-Larsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ambiguous results have been reported regarding the effects of training on resting metabolic rate (RMR), and the importance of training type and intensity is unclear. Moreover, studies in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sparse. In this study, we evaluated the effects of interval and continuous training on RMR in subjects with T2D. Furthermore, we explored the determinants for training-induced alterations in RMR. METHODS: Data from two studies, both including T2D subjects, were encompassed in this manuscript...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655584/biological-biochemical-and-histological-features-of-bradybaena-similaris-gastropoda-pulmonata-infected-by-heterorabditis-indica-rhabditida-heterorhabditidae-strain-lpp1
#9
Victor Menezes Tunholi, Vinícius Menezes Tunholi-Alves, Caio Oliveira Monteiro, Lidiane Cristina da Silva, Cláudia de Melo Dolinski, Rosane Nora Castro, Vânia Rita Elias Pinheiro Bittencourt, Jairo Pinheiro da Silva, Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins
This study investigated the possible biological, biochemical and histological changes in Bradybaena similaris(Gastropoda: Pulmonata) infected by Heterorhabditis indica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae), strain LPP1. Two groups of 16 snails were formed: the control group (unexposed) and the treated group, which was exposed for three weeks to infective juveniles (J3) of H. indica LPP1. The experiment was conducted in duplicate, using a total of 64 snails. After the exposure period, the snails were dissected to collect the hemolymph and tissues, for evaluation of the physiological changes caused by the infection...
June 24, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645517/glucose-control-diabetes-status-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-the-continuum-from-intensive-care-unit-admission-to-hospital-discharge
#10
James S Krinsley, Paula Maurer, Sharon Holewinski, Roy Hayes, Douglas McComsey, Guillermo E Umpierrez, Stanley A Nasraway
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationships among glycemic control, diabetes mellitus (DM) status, and mortality in critically ill patients from intensive care unit (ICU) admission to hospital discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective investigation of 6387 ICU patients with 5 or more blood glucose (BG) tests and 4462 ICU survivors admitted to 2 academic medical centers from July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2014. We studied the relationships among mean BG level, hypoglycemia (BG level <70 mg/dL [to convert to mmol/L, multiply by 0...
July 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634176/impact-of-glycemic-variability-on-chromatin-remodeling-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-target-hba1c-levels
#11
Sarah Costantino, Francesco Paneni, Rodolfo Battista, Lorenzo Castello, Giuliana Capretti, Sergio Chiandotto, Luigi Tanese, Giulio Russo, Dario Pitocco, Gaetano A Lanza, Massimo Volpe, Thomas F Lüscher, Francesco Cosentino
Intensive glycemic control (IGC) targeting HbA1c fails to show an unequivocal reduction of macrovascular complications in type 2 diabetes (T2D), however the underlining mechanisms remain elusive. Epigenetic changes are emerging as important mediators of cardiovascular damage and may play a role in this setting. This study investigates whether epigenetic regulation of the adaptor protein p66(Shc), a key driver of mitochondrial oxidative stress, contributes to persistent vascular dysfunction in T2D patients despite IGC...
June 20, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628847/the-importance-of-declining-insulin-requirements-during-pregnancy-in-patients-with-pre-gestational-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Maya Ram, Larissa Feinmesser, Shiri Shinar, Sharon Maslovitz
OBJECTIVE: In patients with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), insulin requirements often increase during the third trimester of pregnancy in order to maintain proper glycemic control. However, a fraction of patients demonstrate a significant decrease in insulin requirements in late gestation. We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of decreasing insulin requirements in patients with pre-gestational diabetes and GDM with respect to fetal wellbeing and pregnancy outcome...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620678/effect-of-lifestyle-improvement-program-on-the-biomarkers-of-adiposity-inflammation-and-gut-hormones-in-overweight-obese-asian-indians-with-prediabetes
#13
Kuppan Gokulakrishnan, Harish Ranjani, Mary Beth Weber, Gautam Kumar Pandey, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Muthuswamy Balasubramanyam, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, K M Venkat Narayan, Viswanathan Mohan
AIMS: While lifestyle modification is known to offer several metabolic benefits, there is paucity of comprehensive data on changes in biomarkers of adiposity, inflammation as well as gut hormones. We investigated these biomarkers in overweight/obese individuals with prediabetes randomized to either 4 months of a lifestyle improvement program or standard care and followed them up for a year. METHODS: Participants [standard care and intervention arm (n = 75 each)] were randomly selected from the Diabetes Community Lifestyle Improvement Program trial...
June 15, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609547/intensive-insulin-therapy-combined-with-metformin-is-associated-with-reduced-glucose-variability-and-nocturnal-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Yifei Zhang, Zhiyun Zhao, Shujie Wang, Wei Zhu, Yiran Jiang, Shouyue Sun, Chen Chen, Kai Wang, Liangshan Mu, Jinyi Cao, Yingxia Zhou, Weiqiong Gu, Jie Hong, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning
BACKGROUND: The effect on glucose variability in patients with intensive insulin therapy has not been fully understood. This observational study investigated the different glucose variability and hypoglycemia pattern in type 2 diabetes patients treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or multiple daily injections (MDI) with or without metformin administration. METHODS: During hospitalization, totally 501 patients with poor glycemic control and in initial treatment with either CSII alone (n = 187), CSII + Metformin (n = 81), MDI alone (n = 146) or MDI + Metformin (n = 87), were involved in the final analysis...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606340/cardiovascular-protection-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a%C3%A2-review-of-clinical-trial-results-across-drug-classes
#15
Francesco Paneni, Thomas F Lüscher
Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a significantly higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)-namely myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke. Despite clear advances in the prevention and treatment of CVD, the impact of T2DM on CVD outcome remains high and continues to escalate. Available evidence indicates that the risk of macrovascular complications increases with the severity of hyperglycemia, thus suggesting that the relation between metabolic disturbances and vascular damage is approximately linear...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601003/finding-the-optimal-volume-and-intensity-of-resistance-training-exercise-for-type-2-diabetes-the-forte-study-a-randomized-trial
#16
Pearl Yang, Walter Swardfager, Daniel Fernandes, Sheila Laredo, George Tomlinson, Paul I Oh, Scott Thomas
AIM: To compare different volumes and intensities of resistance training (RT) combined with aerobic training (AT) for improvements in glycemic control and cardiovascular health for persons with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: Participants with T2DM were stratified by HbA1c and randomized: "usual care" (RT1), which consisted of moderate intensity (50% 1-repetition maximum [1-RM]), low volumeRT (initiated half-way through program); higher intensity (75% 1-RM) and higher volume (initiated at program onset) RT (RT2); or moderate intensity but higher volume RT (RT3)...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597588/prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-by-the-reduction-of-glycemic-exposure-in-type-2-diabetes-a-perspective-on-glucose-lowering-interventions
#17
REVIEW
Ronan Roussel, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Kamel Mohammedi, Michel Marre, Louis Potier
Type 2 diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Observational studies showed consistently an association between glycemic level and risk of major cardiovascular events (MACE). However, the intervention studies provided limited evidence supporting the reduction of cardiovascular burden of diabetes by intensive glucose control. Here, we propose to apply the concept of cumulative glycemic exposure to protection against CVD in diabetes. We address how we can move from a binary approach in trials, to a more quantitative approach based on differences in cumulative glycemic exposure...
June 9, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592062/-glucose-excursion-in-senior-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-coronary-artery-disease
#18
J Liu, F H Liu, Y N Zhao, D E Yan, X Y Gao, L N Wen, J J Wei, S H Su, Y S Zhou
Objectives: To explore glucose excursion and incidence of hypoglycemia in senior patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) with different hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values. Methods: Eighty-nine outpatients [58 male, 31 female, aged 69.0 (66.0, 73.0) years] diagnosed with T2DM and CAD in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between June 2013 and March 2016 were divided into group A (HbA1c<6.5%, n=25) and group B (HbA1c≥6.5%, n=64). Every patient wore continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) for 72 h...
May 30, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572099/nurse-directed-blood-glucose-management-in-a-medical-intensive-care-unit
#19
Friederike Compton, Robert Ahlborn, Torsten Weidehoff
BACKGROUND: Insulin-delivery algorithms for achieving glycemic control in the intensive care unit require frequent checks of blood glucose level and thus increase nursing workload. Hypoglycemia is a serious complication associated with intensive insulin therapy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a nurse-directed protocol for blood glucose management that allows individualized insulin delivery within a predefined blood glucose corridor, intended to avoid hypoglycemia while maintaining adequate control of blood glucose level without increasing nursing workload...
June 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571934/intensive-glycemic-control-in-younger-and-older-u-s-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Sarah Casagrande, Catherine C Cowie, Judith E Fradkin
AIMS: To determine the extent to which older vs. younger adults with diabetes intensively control glycemia. METHODS: Participants were age≥40years who self-reported a physician diagnosis of diabetes in the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (N=1554). Intensive glycemic control was defined as A1c<7.0% and taking insulin, sulfonylureas, or ≥2 glycemic medications. Logistic regression was used to determine the adjusted odds of intensive control in older (≥65years) vs...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
keyword
keyword
13876
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"