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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457419/-treatment-of-scapular-fractures-with-lateral-incision-and-bridge-combined-internal-fixation-system
#1
Yu-Cheng Zhou, Lin-Xin Yu, Hong Duan, Jie Min, Xiao-Feng Yuan, Peng Yu, Bang-Xu Nie, Jun Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical results of scapula fractures with lateral incision combined with bridge internal fixation system. METHODS: From October 2012 to December 2016, 20 cases of scapular fractures were treated through the lateral incision combined with bridge fixation system, including 15 males and 5 females, with an average age of 31.6 years old(ranged, 21 to 52 years old). Fourteen cases were scapular body fracture, 10 were scapular neck fracture, 6 were scapular fracture, 1 was acromion fracture, 1 was coracoid fracture, 4 were the glenoid rim fracture, 3 were the glenoid fossa fracture...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456203/effect-of-vitamin-e-on-reversibility-of-renal-function-following-discontinuation-of-colistin-in-rats-histological-and-biochemical-investigations
#2
Zohra Ghlissi, Ahmed Hakim, Hela Mnif, Rim Kallel, Khaled Zeghal, Tahiya Boudawara, Zouheir Sahnoun
This study was carried out to evaluate spontaneous renal regeneration after stopping colistin methanesulfonate (CMS), which induces tubular damage, and the curative effect of Vitamin E (vit E) in rats. Animals were given the following: sterile saline (n = 6), 300,000 IU/kg/ day of CMS (n = 24), or 450,000 IU/kg/day of CMS (n = 24) for seven days. Each CMS group was subdivided into four subgroups (n = 6) and sacrificed as follows: (i) 12 h after stopping CMS, (ii) two weeks after stopping CMS, (iii) two weeks after stopping treatment with vit E, and (iv) two weeks after stopping treatment with olive oil...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455048/a-clinical-prediction-score-to-determine-surgical-drainage-of-deep-neck-infection-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#3
Myung Jin Ban, Jae Yeup Jung, Jae Wook Kim, Ki Nam Park, Seung Won Lee, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to identify predictors of an abscess guaranteed to be surgically drained successfully in patients with deep neck infection (DNI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We divided 97 consecutive patients with DNI into a drained group and a non-drained group. We then developed a clinical prediction score and validated it in 32 further patients. RESULTS: Significant predictors of successful surgical drainage (i...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452317/the-minimally-invasive-alternative-approaches-to-the-pterional-craniotomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan Rychen, Davide Croci, Michel Roethlisberger, Erez Nossek, Matthew Potts, Ivan Radovanovic, Howard Riina, Luigi Mariani, Raphael Guzman, Daniel W Zumofen
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive alternatives to the pterional craniotomy include the minipterional and the supraorbital craniotomy (SOC). The latter is performed via either an eyebrow or an eyelid skin incision. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the type and the incidence of approach-related complications of these keyhole craniotomies. METHODS: We review pertinent publications retrieved by search in the PubMed/Medline database. Inclusion criteria were all full-text publications, abstracts, and posters in English, up to 2016, reporting clinical results...
February 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449911/differences-for-traits-associated-with-early-n-acquisition-in-a-grain-legume-and-early-complementarity-in-grain-legume-triticale-mixtures
#5
Nicolas Carton, Christophe Naudin, Guillaume Piva, Rim Baccar, Guénaëlle Corre-Hellou
Early strategies of crop growth and N acquisition can be critical for determining competitive interactions between weeds and crops. Grain legumes and especially lupins are known to be poor competitors against weeds. Grain legumes are known to have low mineral soil N uptake abilities. However, inter- and intraspecific differences in N uptake ability in relation to below-ground traits have received little attention. Our objectives were (i) to measure differences among lupins for a set of traits associated with early growth and N acquisition; (ii) to examine how this variation compares to differences between lupin and a cereal, triticale, and (iii) to assess if mixing lupin with triticale provides a higher potential than does pure lupin regarding plant biomass and mineral soil N acquisition early in the crop cycle...
February 2018: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448123/imaging-features-of-pancreatic-metastases-a-comparison-with-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#6
Massimo Galia, Domenico Albano, Dario Picone, Maria Chiara Terranova, Antonino Agrusa, Giuseppe Di Buono, Annalisa Licata, Giuseppe Lo Re, Ludovico La Grutta, Massimo Midiri
PURPOSE: To compare imaging features of pancreatic metastases (PM) with those of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC). METHODS: CT and MR scans of 24 patients with 54 PM and 30 patients with PDAC were reviewed to evaluate the imaging features, which were compared by using a Chi square test. RESULTS: We found a statistically significant difference between PM and PDAC based on location (P < 0.001), margins (P < 0.001), arterial enhancement (P = 0...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445262/degenerate-cauchy-numbers-of-the-third-kind
#7
Sung-Soo Pyo, Taekyun Kim, Seog-Hoon Rim
Since Cauchy numbers were introduced, various types of Cauchy numbers have been presented. In this paper, we define degenerate Cauchy numbers of the third kind and give some identities for the degenerate Cauchy numbers of the third kind. In addition, we give some relations between four kinds of the degenerate Cauchy numbers, the Daehee numbers and the degenerate Bernoulli numbers.
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443887/impact-of-mutations-in-the-hemagglutinin-of-h10n7-viruses-isolated-from-seals-on-virus-replication-in-avian-and-human-cells
#8
Anne Dittrich, David Scheibner, Ahmed H Salaheldin, Jutta Veits, Marcel Gischke, Thomas C Mettenleiter, Elsayed M Abdelwhab
Wild birds are the reservoir for low-pathogenic avian influenza viruses, which are frequently transmitted to domestic birds and occasionally to mammals. In 2014, an H10N7 virus caused severe mortality in harbor seals in northeastern Europe. Although the hemagglutinin (HA) of this virus was closely related to H10 of avian H10N4 virus, it possessed unique nonsynonymous mutations, particularly in the HA1 subunit in or adjacent to the receptor binding domain and proteolytic cleavage site. Here, the impact of these mutations on virus replication was studied in vitro...
February 14, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443809/association-between-visual-acuity-and-the-corneal-area-occupied-by-granular-lesions-linear-lesions-or-diffuse-haze-in-patients-with-granular-corneal-dystrophy-type-2
#9
Hong Seok Kim, Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Tae-Im Kim, Eung Kweon Kim
PURPOSE: In granular corneal dystrophy type 2 (GCD2), corneal deposits containing fragments of transforming growth factor-β-induced protein appear in sequence as granular lesions (GLs), linear lesions (LLs), and diffuse haze (DH). We aimed to investigate the association between visual acuity and age-related changes in lesion types in patients with GCD2. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records and slit-lamp photographs of 533 patients (1066 eyes) with genetically confirmed GCD2 (heterozygous)...
February 13, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442125/the-supramolecular-polymer-complexes-with-oppositely-charged-calixresorcinarene-hydrophobic-domain-formation-and-synergistic-binding-modes
#10
Ju E Morozova, V V Syakaev, Ya V Shalaeva, A M Ermakova, I R Nizameev, M K Kadirov, E Kh Kazakova, A I Konovalov
The association of branched polyethyleneimine (PEI) with a series of octacarboxy-calixresorcinarenes bearing different low-rim substituents leads to the formation of nanosized supramolecular complexes. The PEI-macrocycle complexes have fine-tunable sizes regulated by variations in the self-association capacity of the calixresorcinarenes. In the supramolecular complexes, hydrophobic fragments of the polymer and calixresorcinarenes form cooperative hydrophobic domains which provide synergistic enhancement of guest molecule binding...
February 14, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441739/a-survey-of-radiation-therapy-utilization-in-korea-from-2010-to-2016-focusing-on-use-of-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy
#11
Chai Hong Rim, Jeongshim Lee, Woo Chul Kim, DaeSik Yang, Won Sup Yoon, Woong Sub Koom, Chul Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the recent changes of radiation therapy (RT) modalities in Korea. In particular, we focused on intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) utilization as the main index, presenting the application status of advanced RT. METHODS: We collected information from the Korean Health and Insurance Review and Assessment Service data based on the National Health Insurance Service claims and reimbursements records by using treatment codes from 2010 to 2016...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440752/one-step-noninvasive-prenatal-testing-nipt-for-autosomal-recessive-homozygous-point-mutations-using-digital-pcr
#12
Mun Young Chang, Soyeon Ahn, Min Young Kim, Jin Hee Han, Hye-Rim Park, Han Kyu Seo, Jinsun Yoon, Seungmin Lee, Doo-Yi Oh, Changsoo Kang, Byung Yoon Choi
Previously, we introduced a noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) protocol for diagnosing compound heterozygous autosomal recessive point mutations via maternal plasma DNA and simulated control genomic DNA sampling based on fetal DNA fraction. In our present study, we have improved our NIPT protocol to make it possible to diagnose homozygous autosomal recessive point mutations without the need to acquire fetal DNA fraction. Moreover, chi-squared test and empirical statistical range based on the proportion of mutant allele reads among the total reads served as the gatekeeping method...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439427/potential-and-limitations-of-an-improved-method-to-produce-dynamometric-wheels
#13
José Luis Bueno-López, Jesús Cardenal, Álvaro Deibe, Javier García de Jalón
A new methodology for the estimation of tyre-contact forces is presented. The new procedure is an evolution of a previous method based on harmonic elimination techniques developed with the aim of producing low cost dynamometric wheels. While the original method required stress measurement in many rim radial lines and the fulfillment of some rigid conditions of symmetry, the new methodology described in this article significantly reduces the number of required measurement points and greatly relaxes symmetry constraints...
February 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439199/liprin-%C3%AE-3-controls-vesicle-docking-and-exocytosis-at-the-active-zone-of-hippocampal-synapses
#14
Man Yan Wong, Changliang Liu, Shan Shan H Wang, Aram C F Roquas, Stephen C Fowler, Pascal S Kaeser
The presynaptic active zone provides sites for vesicle docking and release at central nervous synapses and is essential for speed and accuracy of synaptic transmission. Liprin-α binds to several active zone proteins, and loss-of-function studies in invertebrates established important roles for Liprin-α in neurodevelopment and active zone assembly. However, Liprin-α localization and functions in vertebrates have remained unclear. We used stimulated emission depletion superresolution microscopy to systematically determine the localization of Liprin-α2 and Liprin-α3, the two predominant Liprin-α proteins in the vertebrate brain, relative to other active-zone proteins...
February 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438205/evaluation-of-postoperative-stability-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-analysis
#15
Hyo-Jung Kim, Kyung-Hwan Bang, Eun-Ji Park, Yeong-Cheol Cho, Iel-Yong Sung, Jang-Ho Son
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the amount of fracture displacement affects postoperative stability of isolated zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures and to determine whether the 1-point fixation method is as stable as 2- or 3-point fixation methods. The authors investigated 14 patients with 1-point fixation in the zygomaticomaxillary area (group A), 14 patients with 2-point fixation in the zygomaticomaxillary and frontozygomatic area (group B), and 13 patients with 3-point fixation in the zygomaticomaxillary, frontozygomatic, and infraorbital rim area (group C)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437517/the-temporal-region-in-unilateral-coronal-craniosynostosis-fronto-orbital-advancement-versus-endoscopy-assisted-strip-craniectomy
#16
Benjamin Masserano, Albert S Woo, Gary B Skolnick, Sybill D Naidoo, Mark R Proctor, Matthew D Smyth, Kamlesh B Patel
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative temporal expansion in patients treated with fronto-orbital advancement or endoscopy-assisted craniectomy with cranial orthotic therapy. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, multicenter cohort study of patients with unilateral coronal craniosynostosis (UCS). SETTING: Computed tomographic (CT) scans were drawn from UCS patients treated at Boston Children's Hospital or St Louis Children's Hospital. PATIENTS: The study included 56 patients with UCS after fronto-orbital advancement (n = 32) or endoscopic repair (n = 24) and 10 age-matched controls...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435681/bio-coloration-of-bacterial-cellulose-assisted-by-immobilized-laccase
#17
Ji Eun Song, Jing Su, Jennifer Noro, Artur Cavaco-Paulo, Carla Silva, Hye Rim Kim
In this work a process for the bio-coloration of bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes was developed. Laccase from Myceliophthora thermophila was immobilized onto BC membranes and retained up to 88% of residual activity after immobilization. Four compounds belonging to the flavonoids family were chosen to test the in situ polymerase activity of immobilized laccase. All the flavonoids were successfully polymerized by laccase giving rise to yellow, orange and dark brown oligomers which conferred color to the BC support...
February 13, 2018: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435597/-hedgehog-fungi-in-a%C3%A2-dermatological-office-in-munich-case-reports-and-review
#18
REVIEW
A Kargl, B Kosse, S Uhrlaß, D Koch, C Krüger, K Eckert, P Nenoff
Patient 1: After contact to a central European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), a 50-year-old female with atopy developed erythrosquamous tinea manus on the thumb and thenar eminence of the right hand. The patient had previously been scalded by hot steam at the affected site. The zoophilic dermatophyte Trichophyton erinacei could be cultured from the hedgehog as well as from scrapings from the woman's skin. Antifungal treatment of the hedgehog was initiated using 2 weekly cycles of itraconazole solution (0...
February 12, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433671/phytochemical-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-mediated-apoptosis-and-differentiation-in-malignant-melanoma-cells
#19
Jae-Rim Heo, Geum-A Lee, Gyu-Sik Kim, Kyung-A Hwang, Kyung-Chul Choi
BACKGROUND: Phytochemicals are derived from plants, vegetables and daily products and exert chemopreventive effects. Malignant melanoma is highly metastatic, and melanoma patients can develop chemotherapeutic resistance against conventional melanoma therapies. METHODS: In the present study, we investigated the anti-cancer effect of the phytochemicals kaempferol (Kaem), genistein (Gen), and 3'3-diindolylmethane (DIM) on melanoma cell viability. We also evaluated the altered expression of cell cycle-related genes...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431595/wheelchair-mobility-performance-enhancement-by-changing-wheelchair-properties-what-is-the-effect-of-grip-seat-height-and-mass
#20
Rienk M A van der Slikke, Annemarie M H de Witte, Monique A M Berger, Daan J J Bregman, Dirk Jan H E J Veeger
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide insight in the effect of wheelchair settings on wheelchair mobility performance. METHODS: Twenty elite wheelchair basketball athletes of low (n=10) and high classification (n=10), were tested in a wheelchair basketball directed field test. Athletes performed the test in their own wheelchair, which was modified for five additional conditions regarding seat height (high - low), mass (central - distributed) and grip...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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