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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217766/ultrasonographic-scoring-system-for-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-horses-intra-and-inter-rater-variability
#1
Rafael Alzola Domingo, Chris M Riggs, David S Gardner, Sarah L Freeman
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) tendinopathy is an important musculoskeletal problem in horses. The study objective was to validate an ultrasonographic scoring system for SDFT injuries. Ultrasonographic images from 14 Thoroughbred racehorses with SDFT lesions (seven core; seven diffuse) and two controls were blindly assessed by five clinicians on two occasions. Ultrasonographic parameters evaluated were: type and extent of the injury, location, echogenicity, cross-sectional area and longitudinal fibre pattern of the maximal injury zone (MIZ)...
December 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216792/quadriceps-muscle-thickness-changes-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-during-the-acute-phase
#2
Masafumi Nozoe, Masashi Kanai, Hiroki Kubo, Miki Kobayashi, Miho Yamamoto, Shinichi Shimada, Kyoshi Mase
Background Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a life-threatening condition that often leads to severe disability in relatively young and healthy people. This disability is physical in many aSAH survivors, so muscle dysfunction may be an important factor in the functional level of these patients. Thus, measuring muscle thickness represents a suitable method for determining muscle function in patients with acute aSAH, because the disordered consciousness often experienced during the acute phase causes active movement to be difficult for these patients...
December 8, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215435/noninvasive-fibrosis-markers-and-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-in-usa
#3
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Melissa Scribani, Patompong Ungprasert, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Studies have shown that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is unknown whether severe liver fibrosis is associated with a higher prevalence of CKD among NAFLD. We examined the diagnostic performance of noninvasive fibrosis markers in identifying prevalent CKD among NAFLD. METHODS: This study represents an analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in the USA between 1988 and 1994...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214663/impact-of-preoperative-ultrasonographic-evaluation-for-detection-of-a-viable-testis-in-patients-with-a-unilateral-nonpalpable-testis
#4
Kimihiko Moriya, Michiko Nakamura, Yoko Nishimura, Mutsumi Nishida, Yusuke Kudo, Yukiko Kanno, Takeya Kitta, Masafumi Kon, Nobuo Shinohara
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of preoperative ultrasonography (US) for detecting a viable testis in patients with a unilateral nonpalpable testis. METHODS: Patients with a unilateral nonpalpable testis or unilateral palpable undescended testis who underwent preoperative US were enrolled. Patients were divided into 3 groups as follows: nonpalpable testis/no testis (n = 27), which included patients who had a unilateral nonpalpable testis with no viable testis detected at surgery; nonpalpable testis/viable testis (n = 10), which included patients who had a unilateral nonpalpable testis with a viable testis identified at surgery; and palpable undescended testis (n = 63), which included patients who had a unilateral palpable undescended testis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211357/oxidative-stress-parameters-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-asymptomatic-inflammatory-prostatitis-a-prospective-controlled-study
#5
Engin Kaya, Yasar Ozgok, Murat Zor, Ayse Eken, Selahattin Bedir, Onur Erdem, Turgay Ebiloglu, Giray Ergin
BACKGROUND: The imbalance between oxidant and reductant mechanisms creates a nidus for the etiopathogenesis of several diseases. In this study, we aimed to compare the oxidative stress (OS) parameters in patients who were diagnosed with prostate cancer (pCa), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis (AIP), according to the histopathologic examination of transrectal ultrasonographic prostate biopsy and transurethral prostate resection specimens. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to compare oxidative stress between histologically proven prostate cancer, hyperplasia and prostatitis...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210196/ultrasonographic-detection-of-double-contour-sign-and-hyperechoic-aggregates-for-diagnosis-of-gout-two-sites-examination-is-as-good-as-six-sites-examination
#6
Danveer Bhadu, Siddharth K Das, Archana Wakhlu, Urmila Dhakad, Meha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To compare ultrasound-detected abnormalities, namely double contour sign (DCS) and hyperechoic aggregates (HAGs), at two sites (knee and first metatarsophalangeal [1st MTP] joints) versus six sites (knee joint, 1st MTP joint, radiocarpal joint, talar joint, patellar tendon and triceps tendon) in gout patients. METHODS: Forty-seven clinically diagnosed gout patients and 50 subjects (serum uric acid < 7 mg/dL) as controls were included. DCS was looked for at three articular cartilage sites (first metatarsal, tibiotalar and femoral condyle), whereas HAGs were looked for at one joint site (radiocarpal joint) and two tendon sites (patellar tendon and triceps tendon)...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209483/guiding-histological-assessment-of-uterine-lesions-using-3d-in-vitro-ultrasonography-and-stereotaxis
#7
Lieselore Vandermeulen, Ann Cornelis, Christina Kjaergaard Rasmussen, Dirk Timmerman, Thierry Van den Bosch
Objective: To compare ultrasonographic features of uterine lesions with the findings at macroscopy and microscopy. Methods: Case series of ten consecutive women undergoing a hysterectomy for uterine pathology. A preoperative transvaginal ultrasound examination was performed. After hysterectomy, the uterus was re-evaluated by 3D in vitro ultrasonography and in vitro gel instillation sonography (iGIS). The lesion of interest was pinpointed by inserting an intramuscular injection needle using a free-hand 2D-ultrasound guided technique to focus the macroscopic and the microscopic examination by the pathologist...
June 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207853/complications-following-transradial-cerebral-angiography-an-ultrasound-follow-up-study
#8
Wonki Yoon, Woo-Keun Kwon, Omar Choudhri, Jaegeun Ahn, Hanyong Huh, Choel Ji, Huy M Do, Aditya Mantha, Sin-Soo Jeun
Objective: The feasibility and usefulness of transradial catheterization for coronary and neuro-intervention are well known. However, the anatomical change in the catheterized radial artery (RA) is not well understood. Herein, we present the results of ultrasonographic observation of the RA after routine transradial cerebral angiography (TRCA). Methods: Patients who underwent routine TRCA with pre- and post-procedure Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) of the catheterized RA were enrolled...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205694/fetal-sex-discordance-in-a-monochorionic-twin-pregnancy-following-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-a-case-report-of-chimerism-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Nihal Ş Uysal, Çağrı Gülümser, Zerrin Y Çelik, Hulusi B Zeyneloğlu, Filiz F B Yanık
A 39-year-old woman who became pregnant with twins after an intracytoplasmic sperm injection was referred at the ninth gestational week to determine chorionicity. Ultrasonographic examination showed a monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy. First trimester nuchal translucency measurements of the fetuses were 1.6 and 2.7 mm. A non-invasive prenatal test was performed and revealed low risk. One fetus appeared to be female and the other male at the 14th gestational week. Second trimester anatomic scanning results were otherwise normal for both fetuses...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205687/ultrasound-guided-pudendal-nerve-block-in-children-a-new-technique-of-ultrasound-guided-transperineal-approach
#10
Isabelle Gaudet-Ferrand, Pablo De La Arena, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Laurent Hertz, Nicolas Kalfa, Chrystelle Sola, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Transperineal pudendal nerve block guided by nerve stimulator is used in pediatric anesthesia as an alternative to caudal analgesia in perineal surgery. The risk of rectal puncture or intravascular injection is inherent to this blinded technique. We described a new technique of transperineal pudendal nerve block, with ultrasound guidance, to improve safety of the technique. AIMS: The first goal of this study was to describe this new technique and to test its feasibility...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205503/gallbladder-mucocele-variables-associated-with-outcome-and-the-utility-of-ultrasonography-to-identify-gallbladder-rupture-in-219-dogs-2007-2016
#11
J A Jaffey, A Graham, E VanEerde, E Hostnik, W Alvarez, J Arango, C Jacobs, A E DeClue
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder mucocele (GBM) is an increasingly recognized extrahepatic biliary disease in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To investigate cases of GBM and identify variables associated with survival and the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography to identify gallbladder rupture. ANIMALS: Two hundred and nineteen client-owned dogs with GBM. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective study of dogs with GBM, presented from January 2007 to November 2016 to 6 academic veterinary hospitals in the United States...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205394/vessel-sealer-and-divider-instrument-temperature-during-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-in-horses
#12
Jeremiah T Easley, Kirk C McGilvray, Dean A Hendrickson, Jason Bruemmer, Eileen S Hackett
OBJECTIVE: To determine the temperature of a vessel sealer and divider device during unilateral paralumbar laparoscopic ovariectomy in standing, sedated mares. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Fifteen healthy research mares. METHODS: Healthy mares with normal ovarian palpation and ultrasonographic appearance were enrolled. Horses were restrained in standing stocks and sedated. A right or left paralumbar ovariectomy was performed with a laparoscopic portal and 2 instrument portals...
December 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204278/cured-primary-hyperparathyroidism-after-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-induced-parathyroid-disappearance
#13
Elda Kara, Elisa Della Valle, Sara De Vincentis, Vincenzo Rochira, Bruno Madeo
Spontaneous or fine-needle aspiration (FNAB)-induced remission of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) may occur, especially for cystic lesions. However, the disease generally relapses over a short time period. We present a case of PHPT due to an enlarged hyperfunctioning parathyroid that underwent long-term (almost 9 years) clinical and ultrasonographic remission after the disappearance of the lesion following ultrasound (US)-assisted FNAB. A 67-year-old woman with PHPT underwent biochemical and US examinations that confirmed the diagnosis and showed a lesion suggestive for parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204209/perinatal-rapid-enlargement-of-suprasellar-prepontine-arachnoid-cyst-report-of-case-and-literature-review
#14
Sachin Baldawa, Sampat Baldawa, Pratibha Baldawa, Rakhi Sarda, Sunil Hogade
Arachnoid cysts are benign developmental anomalies representing 1% of all intracranial lesions. Suprasellar prepontine location of arachnoid cyst in the perinatal period has been reported in the perinatal period with the advent of prenatal imaging. A rare case of rapidly enlarging suprasellar prepontine arachnoid cyst diagnosed at 28 weeks on routine antenatal ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imaging is presented. Rapid enlargement of the cyst near term led to endoscopic fenestration of the cyst and ventriculocystocisternostomy followed by ventriculoperitoneal shunt in the postnatal life...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203988/correlation-of-transabdominal-ultrasonography-and-cystoscopy-in-follow-up-of-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#15
Ahluwalia Puneet, Nair Balagopal, Kumar Ginil, Mathew Georgie, K V Sanjeevan, Thomas Appu
Cystoscopy (CS) is considered to be the gold standard in the follow-up of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. However, CS is invasive, time-consuming, and expensive. On the other hand, modern sensitive transducers have improved the imaging of urinary tract rendering transabdominal ultrasonography (US) more effective in visualizing intraluminal filling defects in the bladder than it was in the past. Twenty-five follow-up patients of low-risk bladder cancer meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in study...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201794/role-of-probiotics-in-the-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-meta-analysis
#16
Anurag S Lavekar, Dhananjay V Raje, Tanuja Manohar, Amarja A Lavekar
Aim: Despite extensive ongoing research, there is scarcity of widely accepted therapeutic options for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Probiotics are a promising treatment option for treating NAFLD; however, their effectiveness needs to be established. Since any single randomized controlled trial (RCT) cannot establish the role of probiotics in the treatment of NAFLD, this study aims at meta-analysis of different RCTs. Materials and methods: Extensive search was done by two independent observers for RCTs studying the role of probiotics in the treatment of NAFLD...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200021/sonographic-findings-of-hands-and-wrists-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-jaccoud-arthropathy
#17
Carolina Freitas Lins, Daniel Lima de Sá Ribeiro, Willer Gonçalves Dourado Santos, Genevievi Rosa, Viviane Machicado, Ana Luiza Pedreira, Emanuela Pimenta da Fonseca, Anna Paula Mota Duque Souza, Carla Baleeiro Rodrigues Silva, Luana Grazielle Dos Santos Ferreira, Verena Galvão, Isabela Silva de Oliveira, Ajax Merces Atta, Mittermayer Barreto Santiago
INTRODUCTION: Jaccoud arthropathy (JA) is a deforming nonerosive arthropathy, characterized by the presence of "reversible" joint deformity. The study aims at describing the main musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) findings of a series of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with JA. METHODS: Consecutive patients diagnosed as having JA and SLE were included in the study. All patients underwent a whole clinical evaluation and US of the hands and wrists. The US scan evaluated the presence of synovial hypertrophy, tenosynovitis, and bone erosions...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198767/ultrasonographic-quantitative-analysis-of-fatty-pancreas-in-obese-children-its-correlation-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-homeostasis-model-assessment-of-insulin-resistance
#18
Doo Ri Kim, Mu Sook Lee, Jeong Sub Lee, Guk Myung Choi, Ki Soo Kang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pancreatic echogenicity on transabdominal ultrasonography and the correlation of fatty pancreas with metabolic syndrome (MetS), as well as insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR]). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study included 135 obese children and adolescents who underwent transabdominal ultrasonography from January 2015 to December 2015. Fatty pancreas was quantitatively analyzed using the pancreato-perihepatic fat index (PPHFI)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198500/subclinical-synovitis-and-tenosynovitis-by-ultrasonography-us-7-score-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-treated-with-synthetic-drugs-in-clinical-remission-by-das28
#19
Lucio Ventura-Ríos, Guadalupe Sánchez Bringas, Cristina Hernández-Díaz, Esteban Cruz-Arenas, Rubén Burgos-Vargas
OBJECTIVE: To identify synovitis and tenosynovitis active by using the Ultrasound 7 (US 7) scoring system in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical remission induced by synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). METHODS: This is a multicentric, cross-sectional, observational study including 94 RA patients >18 years old who were in remission as defined by the 28-joints disease activity score (DAS28) <2.6 induced by synthetic DMARD during at least 6 months...
November 29, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198383/comprehensively-assessing-the-acute-femoral-cartilage-response-and-recovery-after-walking-and-drop-landing-an-ultrasonographic-study
#20
Matthew S Harkey, J Troy Blackburn, Anthony C Hackney, Michael D Lewek, Randy J Schmitz, Daniel Nissman, Brian Pietrosimone
We compared the acute response and recovery of ultrasonography (US) cartilage outcomes (i.e., thickness, cross-sectional area, and echo intensity) between walking, drop-landing and control conditions in 43 young adults with no history of lower extremity injury. A femoral cartilage US assessment was performed before and after each condition to determine the acute cartilage response and recovery at 15, 30 and 45 min. Percentage change scores from pre- to all post-time points were used for analysis. Acute cartilage response and recovery were analyzed with a 3 × 4 (condition × time) repeated-measures analysis of variance...
November 29, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
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