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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106654/ultrasonographic-features-of-female-urethral-diverticula-a-retrospective-study-of-25-patients
#1
Xia Wang, Chaoran Dou, Yulin Yan, Yun Bai, Bing Hu, Tao Ying
OBJECTIVES: This article summarizes the ultrasonographic features of female urethral diverticula on biplane transrectal ultrasound (B-TRUS). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed with 25 consecutive women who were diagnosed and treated as having urethral diverticulum (UD) between January 2012 and March 2016. All the patients were preoperatively evaluated using B-TRUS. The number, location, configuration, size, and type of the UD on B-TRUS were assessed. RESULTS: Twenty-eight diverticula were found on B-TRUS...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105246/hepatobiliary-ultrasonographic-abnormalities-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-steady-state-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#2
Oluwatosin O Oguntoye, Dennis A Ndububa, Musah Yusuf, Rahman A Bolarinwa, Oluwagbemiga O Ayoola
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is associated with structural manifestations in the hepatobiliary axis. This study aimed to investigate the hepatobiliary ultrasonographic abnormalities in adult patients with sickle cell anaemia in steady state attending the Haematology clinic of a federal tertiary health institution in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. MATERIAL/METHODS: Basic demographic data as well as right upper abdominal quadrant ultrasonography of 50 consecutive sickle cell anaemia patients were compared with those of 50 age- and sex-matched subjects with HbAA as controls...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100982/bilateral-lower-extremity-edema-caused-by-iliopsoas-bursal-distention-after-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Sameer K Avasarala, Syed T Ahsan
Lower-extremity edema is encountered by internists, nephrologists, vascular specialists, and many others. We report a case of an elderly woman who presented with a painful, swollen left leg. Without a clear diagnosis, she had been taking diuretics for the past 8 years for swelling in both legs. After extensive investigation, we found that her lower-extremity edema was due to bilateral iliopsoas bursal distention secondary to degeneration of her hip prostheses. Chronic breakdown of the polyethylene component of the hip prostheses had led to a communication between the artificial joints and the iliopsoas bursae...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099745/cross-sectional-study-of-the-ultrasonographic-and-hormonal-characteristics-of-obstetric-fistula-patients-with-and-without-secondary-amenorrhea
#4
Jennifer H Tang, Anne Z Steiner, Angela M Bengtson, Margaret Moyo, Mwawi Mwale, Bonus Makanani, Jeffrey P Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099683/angiogenesis-mediators-in-women-with-idiopathic-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#5
Osama A Elkilani, Mohamed A Soliman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) and mature endothelial cells in patients with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). METHODS: In a prospective observational study, women with idiopathic HMB and control individuals attending Menoufia University Hospital, Egypt, between August 2015 and January 2016 were enrolled. The inclusion criteria were a regular menstrual cycle, a normal coagulation study, and no anomalous ultrasonographic or hysteroscopic findings...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097848/-congenital-pulmonary-capillary-hemangiomatosis-in-a-newborn
#6
Sandra L Sposito Cavallo, Luciano A Macias Sobrino, Luifer J Marenco Altamar, Andrés F Mejía Alquichire
Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is a rare entity characterized by the proliferation of capillaries into alveolar walls, interlobular septa, pleura and pulmonary interstitium, without malignant characteristics, with almost constant association with pulmonary hypertension. Until now two cases of congenital presentation have been reported in the literature. This is the third case in a newborn; he has not followed the usual pattern associated with pulmonary hypertension as occurs in most patients with this pathology; the highest incidence is among 20-40 years old...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095845/relationship-of-diagnostic-accuracy-of-renal-cortical-echogenicity-with-renal-histopathology-in-dogs-and-cats-a-quantitative-study
#7
Tommaso Banzato, Federico Bonsembiante, Luca Aresu, Alessandro Zotti
BACKGROUND: Renal cortical echogenicity is routinely evaluated during ultrasonographic investigation of the kidneys. Both in dog and cat previous ex-vivo studies have revealed a poor correlation between renal echogenicity and corresponding lesions. The aim of this study was to establish the in-vivo relationship between renal cortical echogenicity and renal histopathology. RESULTS: Thirty-eight dogs and fifteen cats euthanized for critical medical conditions were included in the study...
January 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094661/diagnosis-of-pancreatic-disease-in-feline-platynosomosis
#8
Liza S Köster, Linda Shell, Jennifer Ketzis, Sreekumari Rajeev, Oscar Illanes
Objectives Platynosomum species are cat-specific parasitic trematodes that parasitize the biliary ducts and gall bladder. Due to the common connection to the major duodenal papilla of the pancreas and common bile ducts in addition to the periductal proximity of the pancreas, it is possible that platynosomosis could cause pancreatitis. The objective of this study was to determine whether platynosomosis, a commonly diagnosed parasitic disease in cats on St Kitts, has any association with pancreatic disease. Methods To investigate this possibility, the pancreas of free-roaming cats with naturally acquired platynosomosis were evaluated via ultrasound, serum concentrations of feline pancreatic lipase (fPL), cobalamin, folate and feline trypsin-like immunoreactivity (fTLI) and histopathology...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094422/predicting-the-need-for-trochleoplasty-in-canine-patellar-luxation-using-pre-and-intra-operative-assessments-of-trochlear-depth
#9
Julie Skovgaard Orthmand Hansen, Ken Lindeblad, Lene Buelund, James Miles
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of ultrasonographic femoral trochlear depth measurements and to compare ultrasonographic and intra-operative evaluations of femoral trochlear depth for predictive value in selecting trochleoplasty. METHODS: Repeatability and reproducibility of an ultrasonographic protocol were tested in a preclinical cadaveric study. Clinical patients undergoing corrective surgery for patellar luxation were evaluated preoperatively with ultrasound and intra-operatively using a depth gauge...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093961/submental-ultrasonographic-parameters-among-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Suat Bilici, Acioglu Engin, Yigit Ozgur, Celebi Ozlem Onerci, Yasak Ahmet Gorkem, Yardimci Aytul Hande
Objective This study aimed to determine the value of submental ultrasonography (US) parameters for diagnostic workup among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to determine whether there is a correlation between US findings and the severity of OSA. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting Tertiary education hospital. Subjects and Methods The study included 147 patients with suspected OSA who underwent submental US to evaluate various parameters following overnight polysomnography. US findings were compared with the apnea-hypopnea index and other parameters...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093417/cardiovascular-risk-of-patients-with-gout-seen-at-rheumatology-clinics-following-a-structured-assessment
#11
Mariano Andrés, José Antonio Bernal, Francisca Sivera, Neus Quilis, Loreto Carmona, Paloma Vela, Eliseo Pascual
OBJECTIVES: Gout-associated cardiovascular (CV) risk relates to comorbidities and crystal-led inflammation. The aim was to estimate the CV risk by prediction tools in new patients with gout and to assess whether ultrasonographic carotid changes are present in patients without high CV risk. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Consecutive new patients with crystal-proven gout underwent a structured CV consultation, including CV events, risk factors and two risk prediction tools-the Systematic COronary Evaluation (SCORE) and the Framingham Heart Study (FHS)...
January 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092404/metformin-versus-myoinositol-which-is-better-in-obese-pcos-patients-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-study
#12
Valeria Tagliaferri, Daniela Romualdi, Valentina Immediata, Simona De Cicco, Christian Di Florio, Antonio Lanzone, Maurizio Guido
CONTEXT: due to the central role of metabolic abnormalities in the pathophysiology of PCOS, insulin sensitising agents have been proposed as a feasible treatment option. OBJECTIVE: to investigate which is the more effective between metformin and myoinositol on hormonal, clinical and metabolic parameters in obese patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: crossover randomized-controlled study. PATIENTS: Thirty-four PCOS obese women (age: 25...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090007/ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-detected-during-prospective-mr-imaging-screening-of-a-woman-with-a-brca2-mutation-the-first-case-report-in-japan
#13
Mitsuhiro Tozaki, Seigo Nakamura, Dai Kitagawa, Takuji Iwase, Rie Horii, Futoshi Akiyama, Masami Arai
The present case is the first report in Japan in which a breast cancer was discovered as a result of prospective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening study for BRCA1/2 mutation carriers who were free of breast or ovarian cancer. This case is significant and it verifies the importance of MRI screening in breast or ovarian cancer-free BRCA1/2 mutation carriers who do not exhibit positive mammographic or ultrasonographic findings.
January 13, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081030/ultrasound-findings-of-young-and-traumatic-amputees-with-lower-extremity-residual-limb-pain-in-turkey
#14
Koray Aydemir, Yasin Demir, Ümüt Güzelküçük, Kutay Tezel, Bilge Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: The current study was designed to document clinical and ultrasound (US) findings of patients with residual limb pain (RLP) after amputation and to investigate the relationship between these findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review was performed to identify demographic and clinical data including the age (current and at the time of injury), time since amputation, gender, reason for amputation, affected limb number, side and level of limb loss, and ultrasonographic findings of young and traumatic amputees with RLP...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080925/cardiac-assessment-of-zoo-kept-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus-anesthetized-with-isoflurane
#15
Eric B Garcia, David Eshar, Justin D Thomason, Kenneth R Harkin, David Biller
Cardiomyopathy is suggested to be a relatively common disease condition in prairie dogs; however, there are no reports of normal cardiac echosonography and radiology in the prairie dog ( Cynomys spp.). The objective of this study was to report the ultrasonographic and radiographic measurements of the heart, and plasma troponin concentration in captive healthy anesthetized black-tailed prairie dogs ( Cynomys ludovicianus ). Zoo-kept prairie dogs with no signs of cardiac disease (n = 17) were evaluated. Each animal was anesthetized with isoflurane via face mask and a complete clinical assessment was performed, including complete blood cell count and plasma biochemistry, urinalysis, blood gasses, plasma troponin concentration, three-view whole body radiography, and echocardiogram...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080913/liver-ultrasonography-in-dolphins-use-of-ultrasonography-to-establish-a-technique-for-hepatobiliary-imaging-and-to-evaluate-metabolic-disease-associated-liver-changes-in-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus
#16
Kelsey E Seitz, Cynthia R Smith, Stanley L Marks, Stephanie K Venn-Watson, Marina Ivančić
The objective of this study was to establish a comprehensive technique for ultrasound examination of the dolphin hepatobiliary system and apply this technique to 30 dolphins to determine what, if any, sonographic changes are associated with blood-based indicators of metabolic syndrome (insulin greater than 14 μIU/ml or glucose greater than 112 mg/dl) and iron overload (transferrin saturation greater than 65%). A prospective study of individuals in a cross-sectional population with and without elevated postprandial insulin levels was performed...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079557/dobutamine-aggravates-haemodynamic-deterioration-induced-by-pleural-effusion-a-randomised-controlled-porcine-study
#17
Kristian B Wemmelund, Anders H Sørensen, Viktor K Ringgård, Erik Sloth, Peter Juhl-Olsen
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion is a common finding in critically ill patients and may contribute to circulatory instability and the need for inotropic support. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that dobutamine would affect the physiological determinants preload, afterload, contractility and changes of inferior vena cava characteristics during experimental pleural effusion. DESIGN: A randomised, controlled laboratory study. SETTING: Animal laboratory, conducted from March 2013 to May 2013...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077753/prevalence-location-and-concurrent-diseases-of-ultrasonographic-cyst-like-lesions-of-abdominal-lymph-nodes-in-dogs
#18
A Liotta, F Billen, M Heimann, A Hamaide, M Rizza, A L Etienne, G Bolen
Lymph nodal cyst-like lesions are occasionally identified during abdominal ultrasound in dogs. However, a study evaluating their prevalence and clinical significance is lacking. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to evaluate prevalence, most common location and concurrent diseases of cyst-like lymph nodes detected during abdominal ultrasound. Affected lymph nodes, patient signalment and concurrent diseases of dogs with cyst-like lymph nodal lesions having undergone abdominal ultrasound over a one-year period were recorded...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076021/radiologic-assessment-of-native-renal-vasculature-a-multimodality-review
#19
Sayf Al-Katib, Monisha Shetty, Syed Mohammad A Jafri, Syed Zafar H Jafri
A wide range of clinically important anatomic variants and pathologic conditions may affect the renal vasculature, and radiologists have a pivotal role in the diagnosis and management of these processes. Because many of these entities may not be suspected clinically, renal artery and vein assessment is an essential application of all imaging modalities. An understanding of the normal vascular anatomy is essential for recognizing clinically important anatomic variants. An understanding of the protocols used to optimize imaging modalities also is necessary...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076015/us-and-mr-imaging-of-pectoralis-major-injuries
#20
Yauk K Lee, Matt R Skalski, Eric A White, Anderanik Tomasian, Diane D Phan, Dakshesh B Patel, George R Matcuk, Aaron J Schein
During the past 2 decades, the frequency of pectoralis major muscle injuries has increased in association with the increased popularity of bench press exercises. Injury of the pectoralis major can occur at the muscle origin, muscle belly, musculotendinous junction, intratendinous region, and/or humeral insertion-with or without bone avulsion. The extent of the tendon injury ranges from partial to complete tears. Treatment may be surgical or conservative, depending on the clinical scenario and anatomic characteristics of the injury...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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