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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446078/serial-neck-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-changes-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-during-pregnancy
#1
Hye-Seon Oh, Won Gu Kim, Suyeon Park, Mijin Kim, Hyemi Kwon, MinJi Jeon, Jeong Hyun Lee, Jung Hwan Baek, Dong Eun Song, Tae Yong Kim, YoungKee Shong, Won Bae Kim
<b><i>Background</i></b> Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is a common malignancy diagnosed during pregnancy. However, there is little information on the behavior of PTC during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural course of PTC in pregnant women. <b><i>Methods</i></b> The study included 19 patients with PTC who delayed thyroid surgery because they were diagnosed with PTC just before or during the early stages of pregnancy. Serial neck ultrasonography (US) was used to evaluate PTCs before surgical treatment, and the clinical outcomes after surgery...
April 27, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441821/-assessment-of-undiagnosed-critical-congenital-heart-disease-before-discharge-from-the-maternity-hospital
#2
Q M Zhao, F Liu, L Wu, M Ye, B Jia, X J Ma, G Y Huang
Objective: Undiagnosed critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) was assessed before discharge from maternity hospital.Basic information was provided for screening CCHD in the early neonatal stage.Chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical variables(detection rate of different types of CCHD). Method: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in neonates with CCHD who were admitted to Children's Hospital of Fudan University between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. For comparing with the previously reported undiagnosed rate of CCHD at discharge, CCHD was defined as all duct dependent congenital heart disease (DDCHD) and any cyanotic CHD that required early surgery...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440860/doppler-ultrasonographic-measurement-of-short-term-effects-of-valsalva-maneuver-on-retrobulbar-blood-flow
#3
Sabit Kimyon, Ahmet Mete, Alper Mete, Duçem Mete
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of Valsalva maneuver (VM) on retrobulbar blood flow parameters in healthy subjects. METHODS: Participants without any ophthalmologic or systemic pathology were examined in supine position with color and pulsed Doppler imaging for blood flow measurement, via a paraocular approach, in the ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery (CRA), central retinal vein (CRV), nasal posterior ciliary artery (NPCA), and temporal posterior ciliary artery (TPCA), 10 seconds after a 35- to 40-mm Hg expiratory pressure was reached...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440359/ultrasonographic-findings-in-hyperimmunoglobulin-d-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Laura Otilia Damian, Otilia Fufezan, Mihaela Farcău, Simona Tătar, Călin Lazăr, Dorin-Ioan Farcău
Hyperimmunoglobulin D syndrome due to mevalonate kinase deficiency is a rare autoinflammatory disease with digestive tract involvement. We report an 11-year female child who has presented since the age of 1 year, bouts of fever, rash, joint swelling, pulmonary consolidation, lymph node involvement and hepatosplenomegaly. Hyperimmunglobulin D and increased urinary mevalonic acid were detected. The ultrasonographic features of hepatosplenomegaly ranged from increment in size to pseudotumoral involvement, with hypoechogenic masses without apparent wall...
April 22, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440358/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-acute-pelvic-pain-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-period
#5
Sung Bin Park, Byoung Hee Han, Young Ho Lee
Acute pelvic pain in pregnant and postpartum patients presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The interpretation of imaging findings in these patients is influenced by the knowledge of the physiological changes that occur during the pregnant and postpartum period, as well as by the clinical history. Ultrasonography remains the primary imaging investigation of the pregnant and postpartum women. This article describes the causes and imaging features of acute pelvic pain in pregnant and postpartum period and suggests characteristics to such diseases, focusing on the ultrasonography features that allow one to arrive at the corrective diagnosis...
April 22, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440350/high-frequency-ultrasonography-of-the-hand-versus-anti-ra33-evaluation-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-pilot-study
#6
Andreea Lili Barbulescu, Paulina Lucia Ciurea, Carmen Mitran, Beatrice Andreea Chisalau, Cristina Dorina Parvanescu, Sineta Cristina Firulescu, Maria Balasoiu, Mihail Virgil Boldeanu, Horatiu Popoviciu, Florentin Ananu Vreju
AIM: Accurate diagnosis and early treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can lead to a good outcome and a correct management of the disease. We aimed toinvestigate the prognostic value of anti-RA33 antibodies, by evaluating the relationship with ultrasonographic (US) findings in patients with early RA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study which included 29 patients, diagnosed with early RA according to the ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria and 21 sex and age-matched control subjects...
April 22, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439673/duodenal-adenocarcinoma-successfully-diagnosed-with-transabdominal-ultrasonography
#7
Hirokazu Yamazaki, Takanori Sakaguchi, Hatsuko Nasu, Katsutoshi Miura, Yasushi Shibasaki, Hajime Yuasa
Adenocarcinoma arising from the duodenum is relatively rare. Diagnosis of this disease at an early stage is difficult because its symptoms are usually nonspecific. We herein present a case in which duodenal adenocarcinoma was successfully found by transabdominal ultrasonography. Under ultrasonography, the tumor was located in the proximal duodenum apart from the papilla of Vater, and the serosa was intact. Other diagnostic modalities showed no evidence of adjacent organ invasion or distant metastasis. Therefore, pancreatoduodenectomy was performed and the postoperative course was uneventful...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439426/is-it-possible-to-differentiate-between-pseudopneumoperitoneum-and-similar-pathologies-ultrasonographically
#8
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
AIM: The goal of the work was comparing gas ultrasound images below the right diaphragm in two groups: in people with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm and ones with pneumoperitoneum and extracting the traits differentiating these two conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospectively, the documentation of 22 patients with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm (group 1) was utilized. Clinical material was used for comparison, previously published, composed of 15 cases of pneumoperitoneum following laparotomy and of 14 cases following that symptom as a result of ulcer perforation - group 2 (in total n = 29)...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439192/bedside-vein-mapping-for-conduit-size-in-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#9
Frank Manetta, Pey-Jen Yu, Allan Mattia, John C Karaptis, Alan R Hartman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The greater saphenous vein has been used in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for more than 50 years. Endoscopic vein harvesting has greatly reduced the morbidity associated with obtaining the vein, but the quality of the vein could not be assessed before its was exposed surgically or after the endoscopic procedure had been performed. This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative mapping of the greater saphenous vein at the bedside in assessing suitable conduit size for use in CABG...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434005/chorioamniotic-membrane-separation-after-fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation
#10
Mayumi Takano, Masahiko Nakata, Susumu Murata, Masahiro Sumie, Mineto Morita
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors, incidence, and influence on the perinatal outcome of chorioamniotic membrane separation (CMS) after fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 312 women who underwent FLP for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). Clinical records were used to review obstetrical examinations, complications, operative data, ultrasonographic findings, and perinatal and neonatal follow-up data in all patients...
April 22, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432675/transoral-thyroidectomy-advantages-and-limitations
#11
G Dionigi, R P Tufano, J Russell, H Y Kim, E Piantanida, A Anuwong
In this opinion paper of the Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, leading experts in the field report on their current clinical experience with a novel approach for thyroid gland surgery, namely, "transoral thyroidectomy" (TOT). This feasible and novel surgical procedure does not require visible incisions and is, therefore, a truly scarless surgery. Patients meeting the following criteria can be considered as candidates for TOT: (a) an ultrasonographically (US) estimated thyroid diameter ≤10 cm; (b) US-estimated gland volume ≤45 mL; (c) nodule size ≤50 mm; (d) presence of a benign tumor such as a thyroid cyst or a single- or multi-nodular goiter; (e) Bethesda 3 and/or 4 category and (f) papillary microcarcinoma without the evidence of metastasis...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430698/the-right-ventricle-is-dilated-during-resuscitation-from-cardiac-arrest-caused-by-hypovolemia-a-porcine-ultrasound-study
#12
Rasmus Aagaard, Asger Granfeldt, Morten T Bøtker, Troels Mygind-Klausen, Hans Kirkegaard, Bo Løfgren
OBJECTIVES: Dilation of the right ventricle during cardiac arrest and resuscitation may be inherent to cardiac arrest rather than being associated with certain causes of arrest such as pulmonary embolism. This study aimed to compare right ventricle diameter during resuscitation from cardiac arrest caused by hypovolemia, hyperkalemia, or primary arrhythmia (i.e., ventricular fibrillation). DESIGN: Thirty pigs were anesthetized and then randomized to cardiac arrest induced by three diffrent methods...
April 20, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427872/abduction-brace-versus-antirotation-sling-after-arthroscopic-cuff-repair-the-effects-on-pain-and-function
#13
Freek Hollman, Nienke Wolterbeek, Jacco A C Zijl, Sjoerd P M van Egeraat, Ronald N Wessel
PURPOSE: To study the effects on pain as the main outcome parameter and on function and cuff integrity as the secondary outcome parameters after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in the short term comparing the abduction brace with an antirotation sling for postoperative shoulder immobilization. METHODS: Eligible patients were between the ages of 18 and 75 years who were diagnosed with a traumatic or degenerative tear of the supraspinatus and/or infraspinatus tendon, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging, for which an arthroscopic footprint repair was indicated and performed...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426899/ultrasonographic-features-of-intravascular-fasciitis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
K Takahashi, T Yanagi, K Imafuku, S Kitamura, Y Inamura-Takashima, Y Yamaguchi, H Hata, H Shimizu
Intravascular fasciitis (IF), a variant of nodular fasciitis (NF), is a reactive intravascular proliferation of myofibroblasts. IF is an indolent subcutaneous or intramuscular nodule that is most commonly found on the extremities, head and neck.(1, 2) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425156/universal-versus-selective-ultrasonography-to-screen-for-large-for-gestational-age-infants-and-associated-morbidity
#15
Ulla Sovio, Alexandros A Moraitis, Hilary S Wong, Gordon C S Smith
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic effectiveness of selective versus universal ultrasonography as a screening test for large for gestational age (LGA) infants, and to determine whether previously described ultrasonic markers of excessive fetal growth could identify which suspected LGA fetuses were at increased risk of neonatal morbidity. METHODS: We analysed data from a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women, the Pregnancy Outcome Prediction study. All women had clinically indicated scans as per routine care...
April 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423171/identification-of-patients-with-documented-pathologic-complete-response-in-the-breast-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-omission-of-axillary-surgery
#16
Audree B Tadros, Wei T Yang, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Gaiane M Rauch, Benjamin D Smith, Vicente Valero, Dalliah M Black, Anthony Lucci, Abigail S Caudle, Sarah M DeSnyder, Mediget Teshome, Carlos H Barcenas, Makesha Miggins, Beatriz E Adrada, Tanya Moseley, Rosa F Hwang, Kelly K Hunt, Henry M Kuerer
Importance: A pathologic complete response (pCR; no invasive or in situ cancer) occurs in 40% to 50% of patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) and triple-negative (TN) breast cancer. The need for surgery if percutaneous biopsy of the breast after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) indicates pCR in the breast (hereinafter referred to as breast pCR) has been questioned, and appropriate management of the axilla in such patients is unknown. Objective: To identify patients among exceptional responders to NCT with a low risk for axillary metastases when breast pCR is documented who may be eligible for an omission of surgery clinical trial design...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421633/efficacy-of-tulathromycin-for-the-treatment-of-foals-with-mild-to-moderate-bronchopneumonia
#17
D Rutenberg, M Venner, S Giguère
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting data regarding the efficacy of tulathromycin for the treatment of foals with bronchopneumonia. HYPOTHESES: Tulathromycin is effective for the treatment of bronchopneumonia in foals and noninferior to the combination of azithromycin and rifampin. ANIMALS: A total of 240 foals on a farm endemic for infections caused by Rhodococcus equi. METHODS: In a controlled, randomized, and double-blinded clinical trial, foals with ultrasonographic pulmonary lesions (abscess score 10-15 cm) were allocated to 3 groups: 1-tulathromycin IM q 7 days (n = 80); 2-azithromycin-rifampin, orally q24h (n = 80); or 3-untreated controls (n = 80)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419814/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-treatment-of-symptomatic-benign-thyroid-nodules-a-prospective-study
#18
Brian Hung-Hin Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Carlos K H Wong
Purpose To evaluate first-year efficacy and changes in pressure symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after ultrasonographically (US) guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of symptomatic benign thyroid nodules. Materials and Methods After ethics approval and informed consent were obtained, a prospective trial was conducted. Patients with a symptomatic benign thyroid nodule were given a choice of HIFU treatment or active surveillance. Clinical and US examinations, pressure symptom scores (visual analog scale), and HRQOL questionnaires (short form-12 survey) were evaluated at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 18, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418825/science-to-practice-quantitative-us-elastography-can-be-used-to-quantify-mechanical-and-histologic-tendon-healing-in-a-rabbit-model-of-achilles-tendon-transection
#19
Kenneth S Lee, Jack Martin, Darryl Thelen
Compression-based ultrasonographic (US) elastography is associated with time-dependent mechanical and histologic changes of the healing tendon in a transected rabbit model of the Achilles tendon. This finding will lead to continued development of quantitative US, which can be used to objectively assess a diseased or healing tendon. With advances in the method used, clinical translation of tendon elastography may enable clinicians to diagnose tendon damage and track healing, which should improve both treatment and outcome...
May 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416925/shear-wave-sonoelastography-findings-of-testicles-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-who-undergo-hemodialysis
#20
Azad Hekimoglu, Idil Gunes Tatar, Onur Ergun, Aynur Turan, Mehmet Deniz Aylı, Baki Hekimoglu
OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to cause significant deterioration in the function of the testicles and sexual dysfunction in male patients who undergo hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to show the changes in the testicles that occur as a result of hypogonadism secondary to CKD and to analyze the elasticity of the parenchyma by shear wave sonoelastography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study we included 28 male patients who undergo dialysis three times per week and 25 healthy volunteers...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
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