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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339366/jaccoud-s-arthropathy-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-clinical-laboratory-and-ultrasonographic-features
#1
Fulvia Ceccarelli, Laura Massaro, Carlo Perricone, Monica Pendolino, Enrica Cipriano, Simona Truglia, Francesca Miranda, Francesca Romana Spinelli, Cristiano Alessandri, Guido Valesini, Fabrizio Conti
OBJECTIVES: Jaccoud's arthropathy (JA) is a deforming, non-erosive arthritis, occurring in 2-35% of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We aimed to evaluate JA patients in a wide monocentric SLE cohort in terms of clinical, serological and ultrasonographic features. METHODS: Consecutive SLE patients (ACR criteria 1997) were evaluated. The JA index was applied for patients with reducible deformities. Patients with a JA index ≥5 underwent physical examination, blood testing and ultrasound (US) assessment...
March 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338545/risperidone-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-and-instrumental-issues
#2
Emilia Matera, Lucia Margari, Vincenzo Ostilio Palmieri, Giuseppina Zagaria, Roberto Palumbi, Francesco Margari
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Although second-generation antipsychotics are used to treat and manage symptoms for several psychiatric disorders, data about their adverse effects in developmental age are limited. The aim of this prospective observational study was to verify the cardiovascular and metabolic risk in a sample of antipsychotic-naive children/adolescent patients starting risperidone therapy. METHODS: Twenty-two patients, younger than 18 years, were recruited. The assessment included anthropometric data, cardiovascular parameters, blood tests, and ultrasonographic abdominal study...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338457/transplant-renal-vein-thrombosis
#3
Khaled El Zorkany, Julie-Michelle Bridson, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
Transplant renal vein thrombosis usually occurs early after surgery with a reported prevalence of 0.1% to 4.2%. It is a devastating event that ultimately leads to graft loss in almost all cases. There are many predisposing factors related to donor, recipient, surgery, and immunosuppression, with mechanical factors being considered the most common causes of transplant renal vein thrombosis. The clinical manifestations of acute renal vein thrombosis are nonspecific and are not dissimilar to the features of urine leak, urinary obstruction, or severe acute rejection...
April 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337578/evolution-of-the-corpus-luteum-volume-determined-ultrasonographically-and-its-relation-to-the-plasma-progesterone-concentration-after-artificial-insemination-in-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-dairy-cows
#4
C Gómez-Seco, B Alegre, F Martínez-Pastor, J G Prieto, J R González-Montaña, M E Alonso, J C Domínguez
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of the evolution of the corpus luteum (CL) volume that was determined ultrasonographically with the pregnancy status in lactating dairy cows during early pregnancy. Ultrasound examinations were carried out on 76 cows following artificial insemination (AI). Plasma concentrations of progesterone were determined from blood samples collected at each ultrasound examination. Conception was confirmed by ultrasonography on day 30 after AI. Around day 14 post-insemination (p...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336747/cross-sectional-associations-between-dietary-intake-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-type-2-diabetes-baseline-data-from-a-randomised-trial
#5
Laura Chiavaroli, Arash Mirrahimi, Christopher Ireland, Sandra Mitchell, Sandhya Sahye-Pudaruth, Judy Coveney, Omodele Olowoyeye, Darshna Patel, Russell J de Souza, Livia S A Augustin, Balachandran Bashyam, Sathish Chandra Pichika, Sonia Blanco Mejia, Stephanie K Nishi, Lawrence A Leiter, Robert G Josse, Gail E McKeown-Eyssen, Alan R Moody, Cyril W C Kendall, John L Sievenpiper, David J A Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between dietary intake and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) by carotid ultrasound (CUS), a surrogate marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, in those with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from 325 participants from three randomised controlled trials collected in the same way. SETTING: Risk Factor Modification Centre, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 325 participants with type 2 diabetes, taking oral antidiabetic agents, with an HbA1c between 6...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336398/modulation-of-mammary-tumor-vascularization-by-mast-cells-ultrasonographic-and-histopathological-approaches
#6
Ana I Faustino-Rocha, Adelina Gama, Paula A Oliveira, Katrien Vanderperren, Jimmy H Saunders, Maria J Pires, Rita Ferreira, Mário Ginja
AIMS: The inhibition of mast cells' degranulation may be an approach to prevent the formation of new vessels during the mammary carcinogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five experimental groups. Mammary tumors were induced by intraperitoneal injection of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). Animals from group II were treated with ketotifen for 18weeks immediately after the MNU administration, while animals from group III only received the ketotifen after the development of the first mammary tumor...
March 20, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335775/evaluation-of-biomarker-canine-prostate-specific-arginine-esterase-cpse-for-the-diagnosis-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#7
Dora Pinheiro, João Machado, Carlos Viegas, Cláudia Baptista, Estela Bastos, Joana Magalhães, Maria A Pires, Luís Cardoso, Ana Martins-Bessa
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common canine prostatic disorder. Although most or even all intact male dogs may develop BPH by 5-8 years of age, many show no clinical signs. Taking into account the non-specific character of clinical and ultrasonographic findings, a new diagnostic approach has recently been proposed based on the augmentation of blood canine prostate-specific arginine esterase (CPSE) in hyperplasic dogs. The aim of the present study was to verify CPSE levels in negative controls and hyperplasic dogs, considering cytological findings as the reference method and taking into account the fact that controls were middle-aged intact dogs (median of 5...
March 23, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333238/clustering-of-pcos-like-traits-in-naturally-hyperandrogenic-female-rhesus-monkeys
#8
D H Abbott, B H Rayome, D A Dumesic, K C Lewis, A K Edwards, K Wallen, M E Wilson, S E Appt, J E Levine
STUDY QUESTION: Do naturally occurring, hyperandrogenic (≥1 SD of population mean testosterone, T) female rhesus monkeys exhibit traits typical of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Hyperandrogenic female monkeys exhibited significantly increased serum levels of androstenedione (A4), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), estradiol (E2), LH, antimullerian hormone (AMH), cortisol, 11-deoxycortisol and corticosterone, as well as increased uterine endometrial thickness and evidence of reduced fertility, all traits associated with PCOS...
March 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332957/three-dimensional-computed-tomography-reconstruction-in-transplant-renal-artery-stenosis
#9
Xufeng Zhang, Hongwei Wang, Shuangde Liu, Jieke Yan, Xiaoli Liu, Dongsheng Xu, Chuan Tian
OBJECTIVES: Transplant renal artery stenosis is a frequently recognized complication of kidney transplant procedures. A single-center retrospective study was conducted to examine the use of 3-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction in diagnosing transplant artery stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2013 at our center, 86 patients underwent kidney transplant. All patients underwent ultrasonographic analyses. Patients with clinically suspected transplant renal artery stenosis were examined by 3-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction and were treated with endovascular approaches or medically managed...
March 22, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332441/changes-in-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-during-the-cardiac-cycle-a-comparative-study-in-early-childhood-mid-childhood-and-adulthood
#10
Kuna Rueb, Jonathan Mynard, Richard Liu, Melissa Wake, Peter Vuillermin, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Diana Zannino, David P Burgner
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), an ultrasonographic marker of cardiovascular risk, is increasingly used in adults and children. The choice of specific images used to quantify CIMT from a cine sequence is often based on image quality rather than on a consistent point in the cardiac cycle. This methodological study quantified the imprecision that may be introduced by variation of CIMT during the cardiac cycle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from four-year-olds, 11 to 12-year-olds, and adults (n=30 each age group) were selected retrospectively from two population-derived studies...
March 23, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331757/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-breast-coexisting-with-pseudoangiomatous-stromal-hyperplasia
#11
Canan Kelten Talu, Yasemin Çakır, Ezgi Hacıhasanoğlu, Cem Leblebici, Şefika Aksoy, Mehmet Ali Nazlı
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are uncommon breast lesions that consist of spindle cells accompanied by plasma cell-rich inflammatory infiltration, which may mimic breast cancer clinico-radiologically. A woman aged 38 years with a breast mass was referred to our general surgery clinic. The physical examination revealed a mass with irregular borders in the upper outer quadrant of the left breast. In mammography, the lesion was 15 mm in diameter with a spheric form and high density. Ultrasonographically, the mass was solid, heterogeneous, and hypoechoic with posterior enhancement...
October 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319947/effects-of-capsaicin-on-older-patients-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#12
Rui Nakato, Noriaki Manabe, Sayako Shimizu, Kozo Hanayama, Akiko Shiotani, Jiro Hata, Ken Haruma
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The standard of care for older patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is poor. Stimulation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 might become a pharmacological strategy for these patients. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic effect of film food containing 0.75 µg of capsaicin in these patients. METHODS: In a crossover, randomized trial, 49 patients with OD were provided capsaicin or identical placebo at least 7 days apart. Patients' reported symptoms during repeated swallowing, the volume, pH and substance P (SP) concentrations in saliva, and cervical esophageal wall motion evaluated by ultrasonographic tissue Doppler imaging were obtained before and after capsaicin or placebo administration...
March 21, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319349/renal-access-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-increasing-value-of-ultrasonographic-guidance-for-a-safer-and-successful-procedure
#13
EDITORIAL
Kemal Sarica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315816/longest-gallbladder-a-case-report
#14
Rahul Yadav, Jeevan Kankaria
INTRODUCTION: A gallbladder mucocele is the distention of the gallbladder by an inappropriate accumulation of mucus. Decreased bile flow, decreased gallbladder motility, and altered absorption of water from the gallbladder lumen are predisposing factors to biliary sludge. However, it is more likely to be a small part of a complex disease process involving inflammation of the gallbladder wall and changes to the lining of the gallbladder changing the consistency of its secretions. We would like to present a case of mucocele gallbladder operated successfully by laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315648/morphologic-and-doppler-findings-from-hepatic-ultrasonography-of-normal-cynomolgus-monkeys-macaca-fascicularis
#15
Kyo Won Lee, Chan Woo Cho, Ji Eun Lee, Hyojun Park, Gyu-Seong Choi, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Jae Berm Park, Sungjoo Kim
The present study evaluated the anatomic and ultrasonographic features of the liver in normal cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Healthy, male, cynomolgus monkeys from Cambodia (n = 25; mean age, 58.1 mo) were sedated with ketamine (7 mg/kg) and examined by using 2D and Doppler ultrasonography. We measured the diameters of the vascular structures and bile duct, determined the velocities of the hepatic artery and portal vein, and calculated the resistance index of the hepatic artery. Vessel diameters were: proper hepatic artery, 1...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315411/extrauterine-choriocarcinoma-in-the-fallopian-tube-following-infertility-treatment-implications-for-the-management-of-early-detected-ectopic-pregnancies
#16
Seung Chik Jwa, Shigeru Kamiyama, Hisako Takayama, Yoshimitsu Tokunaga, Tetsuro Sakumoto, Masahiro Higashi
Extrauterine choriocarcinoma in the fallopian tube is highly rare and is often diagnosed and treated as an ectopic tubal pregnancy. A 34-year old woman who initially became pregnant after infertility treatment using ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate and intrauterine insemination was later diagnosed as having an extrauterine choriocarcinoma in the left fallopian tube. Because of a suspicion of left ectopic tubal pregnancy by ultrasonographic findings and high levels of beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG; 7054...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306487/effects-of-various-factors-on-doppler-ultrasonographic-measurements-of-radial-and-coccygeal-arterial-blood-pressure-in-privately-owned-conscious-cats
#17
Jacqueline C Whittemore, Michael R Nystrom, Dianne I Mawby
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of age, body condition score (BCS), and muscle condition score (MCS) on radial and coccygeal systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP) in cats. DESIGN Prospective randomized trial. ANIMALS 66 privately owned cats enrolled between May and December 2010. PROCEDURES BCS and MCS of cats were assessed by 2 investigators; SAP was measured via Doppler ultrasonic flow detector, with cats positioned in right lateral or sternal recumbency for measurements at the radial or coccygeal artery, respectively, with order of site randomized...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304101/the-value-of-prenatal-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-diastematomyelia
#18
Qiuju Wei, Ailu Cai, Xintian Wang, Xiaoguang Wang, Limei Xie
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of diastematomyelia, and to provide a basis for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of fetal diastematomyelia. METHODS: Four fetuses with suspected diastematomyelia based on prenatal ultrasonography are presented. Detailed prenatal ultrasonography was performed to examine spinal cord abnormalities. The region of interest-based spine sagittal plane was defined and 3D volumetric scans were performed, as needed...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303655/cholangiohepatitis-in-dairy-cattle-13-cases
#19
D E Gomez, E Doré, D Francoz, A Desrochers, H Pierre, G Fecteau
BACKGROUND: The signalment, clinicopathologic, bacteriological, histopathological, ultrasonographic characteristics, and the treatment and outcomes of adult cattle with cholangiohepatitis are poorly defined. ANIMALS: Thirteen Holstein cows with cholangiohepatitis. METHODS: Retrospective study of medical records of cattle admitted to the CHUV and the AVC between 1992 and 2012 and 2000 and 2012, respectively, for cattle older than 3 months of age with a histopathological diagnosis of cholangiohepatitis...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299316/ultrasonographic-validation-of-anatomical-landmarks-for-localization-of-the-tendon-of-the-long-head-of-biceps-brachii
#20
Saiyun Hou, John Harrell, Sheng Li
Objectives. To establish anatomical landmarks for biceps tendon groove localization based on intrinsic anatomical relations and to validate the localization with ultrasonographic measurement. Design. Perspective, observational, single-blinded pilot study. Participants. 25 healthy male and female volunteers ages 24-50 years. Methods. We used two anatomical landmarks, the medial epicondyle vertical line related landmark and the coracoid process landmark. The distance from the groove skin mark to the medial epicondyle vertical line and the coracoid process was measured horizontally and was measured at 0° and 45° of shoulder external rotation, respectively...
2017: BioMed Research International
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