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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470606/anatomical-and-histological-evaluation-of-the-retroauricular-fascia-flap-for-staged-auricular-reconstruction
#1
Yiyuan Li, Chunxiao Cui, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li
OBJECTIVES: The retroauricular fascia flap (RFF) is one of the most commonly used vascularized linings for auriculocephalic sulcus reconstruction in staged total auricular reconstruction. This study aims to investigate the histomorphometric features regarding the retroauricular fascia. METHODS: Histological evaluation included qualitative observation and quantitative analysis of sections of RFF stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, Elastica van Gieson, CD31, and Lyve-1...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469000/use-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonographic-examination-to-evaluate-health-status-of-mammary-glands-of-ewes-at-the-end-of-a-lactation-period
#2
George Mantziaras, Natalia Gc Vasileiou, Katerina S Ioannidi, Vasiliki S Mavrogianni, Dimitrios A Gougoulis, George C Fthenakis, Ioannis G Petridis, Mariana S Barbagianni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464859/growth-hormone-releasing-peptide-6-prevents-cutaneous-hypertrophic-scarring-early-mechanistic-data-from-a-proteome-study
#3
Maday Fernández-Mayola, Lázaro Betancourt, Alicia Molina-Kautzman, Sucel Palomares, Yssel Mendoza-Marí, Dayana Ugarte-Moreno, Ana Aguilera-Barreto, Yilian Bermúdez-Álvarez, Vladimir Besada, Luis J González, Ariana García-Ojalvo, Ana J Mir-Benítez, Aleida Urquiza-Rodríguez, Jorge Berlanga-Acosta
Hypertrophic scars (HTS) and keloids are forms of aberrant cutaneous healing with excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. Current therapies still fall short and cause undesired effects. We aimed to thoroughly evaluate the ability of growth hormone releasing peptide 6 (GHRP6) to both prevent and reverse cutaneous fibrosis and to acquire the earliest proteome data supporting GHRP6's acute impact on aesthetic wound healing. Two independent sets of experiments addressing prevention and reversion effects were conducted on the classic HTS model in rabbits...
February 21, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464469/ultrasonographic-images-of-the-hand-in-a-case-with-early-eosinophilic-fasciitis
#4
Ing-Jeng Chen, Mei-Ting Wang, Ke-Vin Chang, Huey-Wen Liang
Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF), a rare rheumatic disease, usually affects the limbs symmetrically and generally spares the hands and feet. Cases of unilateral hand involvement are rarely reported. Here, we report such a rare case. Ultrasonography demonstrated thickening of the overlying skin and subcutaneous tissue, peripheral deep fascia, myositis of lumbrical muscles and adductor pollicis muscle, and edema surrounding flexor digitorum tendons. It reminds us that EF should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unilateral painful hand swelling despite being uncommon...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463441/perineal-ultrasound-a-review-in-the-context-of-ejaculatory-dysfunction
#5
REVIEW
Connor M Forbes, Ryan Flannigan, Darius A Paduch
BACKGROUND: Ejaculation consists of the emission of semen from seminal vesicles and prostate, followed by expulsion. Ejaculatory dysfunction may take several forms including premature ejaculation, delayed or anejaculation, retrograde ejaculation, and painful ejaculation. Ejaculation is what we can see whereas orgasm is what we feel. The presence of ejaculate does not indicate the ability to experience orgasm. Hence, for the purpose of this work we consider orgasm and ejaculation as 2 separate neurobiological phenomena...
February 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463420/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-orthotic-intervention-kinesiotaping-and-paraffin-treatments-in-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-single-blind-and-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Basak Mansiz Kaplan, Gulseren Akyuz, Serdar Kokar, Ilker Yagci
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare different conservative treatments in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). STUDY DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled study. METHODS: Patients (n = 169) diagnosed with mild or moderate CTS were screened; 110 met study requirements. The patients were randomized into 3 groups. The control (CON) comparison provided to all patients was a fabricated night orthotic which held the wrist in a neutral position...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461949/quantitative-elastography-methods-in-liver-disease-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#7
Paul Kennedy, Mathilde Wagner, Laurent Castéra, Cheng William Hong, Curtis L Johnson, Claude B Sirlin, Bachir Taouli
Chronic liver diseases often result in the development of liver fibrosis and ultimately, cirrhosis. Treatment strategies and prognosis differ greatly depending on the severity of liver fibrosis, thus liver fibrosis staging is clinically relevant. Traditionally, liver biopsy has been the method of choice for fibrosis evaluation. Because of liver biopsy limitations, noninvasive methods have become a key research interest in the field. Elastography enables the noninvasive measurement of tissue mechanical properties through observation of shear-wave propagation in the tissue of interest...
March 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459585/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-malignant-pediatric-abdominal-tumour-with-histopathological-correlation
#8
M Hoshneara, M U Ahmed, M M Rahman, M Begum, R Ferdousi, U Ayma, K Begum, R Ara, M S Islam, I H Chowdhury, M A Sangma, M N Farzana
Ultrasonography is a very useful diagnostic tool to evaluate pediatric abdominal mass. This cross sectional study was conducted among clinically suspected patients having malignant abdominal mass attending in the department of Radiology & Imaging, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from January 2008 to December 2009. Total 56 patients were included in this study. Patients were scanned by high resolution gray scale ultrasonography of the abdominal masses. After surgical procedure, biopsy specimen were collected in a container containing 10% formalin and sent for histopathological examination...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458234/ultrasonographic-anatomy-of-reproductive-female-leopard-geckos-eublepharis-macularius
#9
Ophélie Cojean, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Isabelle Masseau
Captive leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) often present to the exotic clinic for gastrointestinal impactions, follicular stasis, or dystocia. To our knowledge, normal ultrasonographic anatomy of these lizards has not been described. The objectives of this prospective, anatomic, analytical study were to develop ultrasound techniques for this species and to describe the normal sonographic anatomy of the head, coelomic cavity, and tail. Eleven, healthy, female leopard geckos were included. A linear array 13-18 MHz transducer was used...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458215/factors-associated-with-placental-vascularization-measured-by-3d-power-doppler-ultrasonographic-sphere-biopsy-between-11-and-14-weeks-of-gestation
#10
Suzanne Demers, Amelie Boutin, Regina Dembickaja, Mercedes Campanero, Kypros Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with placental vascularization disorders. Ultrasonographic sphere biopsy (USSB) of the placenta can estimate the vascularization of the placenta and potentially the risk of preeclampsia. We aimed to explore the factors related to placental vascularization measured with USSB in the first trimester. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort was conducted in women recruited at 11 to 14 weeks. Three-dimensional acquisition of the placenta with power Doppler was undertaken along with crown-rump length (CRL)...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457379/levels-of-cytokines-and-micrornas-in-individuals-with-asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-and-ultrasonographic-findings-of-gout-a-bench-to-bedside-approach
#11
Irving O Estevez-Garcia, Selma Gallegos-Nava, Erika Vera-Pérez, Luis H Silveira, Lucio Ventura-Ríos, Gonzalo Vancini, Cristina Hernández-Díaz, Fausto Sánchez-Muñoz, Martha A Ballinas-Verdugo, Marwin Gutierrez, Carlos Pineda, Pedro Rodriguez-Henriquez, Diana Castillo-Martínez, Luis M Amezcua-Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To assess potential associations among serum cytokines and microRNA (miR) levels with ultrasound (US) findings suggestive of urate deposits in chronic asymptomatic hyperuricemia and gout. METHODS: All participants underwent musculoskeletal US and measurements of serum IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IFN-γ, TNF, MCP-1, and ENA-78, as well as miR-146a, miR-155, and miR-223 levels. RESULTS: Thirty individuals with asymptomatic hyperuricemia, 31 normouricemic controls, and 30 gouty patients were included...
February 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457246/randomized-controlled-prospective-clinical-trial-of-autologous-greater-omentum-free-graft-versus-autogenous-cancellous-bone-graft-in-radial-and-ulnar-fractures-in-miniature-breed-dogs
#12
Jennifer J Ree, Wendy I Baltzer, Sarah Nemanic
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of radiographic healing, complications, vascularization, and bone density after repair of radial and ulnar fractures in dogs <6 kg that were treated with an autogenous cancellous bone graft (BG) or free autologous omentum graft (OG). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial with owners/radiologists blinded to treatment. ANIMALS: 25 dogs with naturally occurring traumatic radial/ulnar fractures...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451811/role-of-tendoscopy-in-treating-stage-ii-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#13
Alessio Bernasconi, Francesco Sadile, Matthew Welck, Nazim Mehdi, Julien Laborde, François Lintz
BACKGROUND: Stage II tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction (PTTD) resistant to conservative therapies is usually treated with invasive surgery. Posterior tibial tendoscopy is a novel technique being used in the assessment and treatment of posterior tibial pathology. The aims of this study were (1) to clarify the role of posterior tibial tendon tendoscopy in treating stage II PTTD, (2) to arthroscopically classify spring ligament lesions, and (3) to compare the arthroscopic assessment of spring ligament lesions with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonographic (US) data...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451683/prenatal-diagnosis-of-anomalous-origin-of-pulmonary-artery
#14
Xuelei Li, Zhongping Mu, Xu Li, Zongjie Weng
BACKGROUND: Anomalous origin of the pulmonary arteries is a rare congenital pulmonary vascular malformation, that includes unilateral absence of the pulmonary artery (UAPA), anomalous origin of unilateral pulmonary artery (AOPA) and left pulmonary artery sling (LPAS). METHODS: We analyze 15 cases of fetal pulmonary artery abnormalities from 2011 to 2017, detected via prenatal ultrasound at our center. RESULTS: The 15 cases include UAPA (five), AOPA (six), and LPAS (four)...
February 16, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447720/no-257-ultrasonographic-cervical-length-assessment-in-predicting-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies
#15
Kenneth Lim, Kimberly Butt, Joan M Crane
OBJECTIVES: To review (1) the use of ultrasonographic-derived cervical length measurement in predicting preterm birth and (2) interventions associated with a short cervical length. OUTCOMES: Reduction in rates of prematurity and/or better identification of those at risk, as well as possible prevention of unnecessary interventions. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and The Cochrane Library up to December 2009, using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words (preterm labour, ultrasound, cervix, incompetent cervix, transvaginal, transperineal, cervical length, fibronectin)...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447645/vulvar-metastatic-crohn-disease-clinical-histopathological-and-ultrasonographic-findings
#16
María Pousa-Martínez, Fernando Alfageme, María Antonia González de Domingo, Dolores Suárez-Masa, Marta Calvo, Gastón Roustán
Metastatic Crohn disease (MCD) is an unusual type of cutaneous Crohn disease characterized by skin lesions separated from the lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. The diagnosis of MCD is essentially histological,showing noncaseating granulomas in the dermis and subcutaneous fat tissue. We report a case of MCD with vulvar involvement and clinical, histopathological, and ultrasonographic findings of this disease.
November 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446569/cover-image-volume-176a-number-3-march-2018
#17
Kei Tamai, Katsuhiko Tada, Akihito Takeuchi, Makoto Nakamura, Hidenori Marunaka, Yosuke Washio, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Fuyuki Miya, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Misao Kageyama
The cover image, by Kei Tamai et al., is based on the Clinical Report Fetal ultrasonographic findings including cerebral hyperechogenicity in a patient with non-lethal form of Raine syndrome, DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38598.
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442475/association-of-heterogeneity-of-the-thyroid-gland-with-matrix-metalloproteinase-3-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#18
Toshiki Nagasaki, Yuki Nagata, Yosuke Wakita, Shinsuke Yamada, Hitoshi Goto, Yasuo Imanishi, Naoyoshi Onoda, Masanori Emoto, Masaaki Inaba
PURPOSE: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is highly prevalent in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim is to determine their relation, focusing on matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), a marker predicting joint destruction and RA activity. METHODS: Fifty three consecutive RA patients were prospectively separated into two groups on the basis of the presence or absence of HT; those with and without TPO-Ab or Tg-Ab (34.0% and 66.0%, respectively). To estimate the extent of inflammation and destruction of the thyroid gland, heterogeneity index (HI) was determined ultrasonographically...
February 13, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440950/relationship-between-etanercept-and-thyroid-function-in-patients-with-psoriasis-vulgaris
#19
Iulia Ioana Roman, Teodora Mocan, Meda-Sandra Orasan, Elena Mihaela Jianu, Carmen-Angela Sfrangeu, Remus-Ioan Orasan
Background and aim: Psoriasis vulgaris, a chronic inflammatory skin disease, requires a long term medication, in order to avoid relapsing episodes. TNF-alpha, one of the targeted molecule in psoriasis therapy, seems to be also involved in thyroid disorders etiopathogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between anti TNF-alpha therapy and thyroid parameters: serum level of triiodothyronine (T3), free thyroxine (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and antithyroidperoxidase antibody (AbTPO) in psoriasis treated population...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439729/application-of-neural-networks-for-classification-of-patau-edwards-down-turner-and-klinefelter-syndrome-based-on-first-trimester-maternal-serum-screening-data-ultrasonographic-findings-and-patient-demographics
#20
Aida Catic, Lejla Gurbeta, Amina Kurtovic-Kozaric, Senad Mehmedbasic, Almir Badnjevic
BACKGROUND: The usage of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for genome-enabled classifications and establishing genome-phenotype correlations have been investigated more extensively over the past few years. The reason for this is that ANNs are good approximates of complex functions, so classification can be performed without the need for explicitly defined input-output model. This engineering tool can be applied for optimization of existing methods for disease/syndrome classification. Cytogenetic and molecular analyses are the most frequent tests used in prenatal diagnostic for the early detection of Turner, Klinefelter, Patau, Edwards and Down syndrome...
February 13, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
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