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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928941/nosocomial-outbreak-of-candida-parapsilosis-sensu-stricto-fungemia-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-china
#1
Lihua Qi, Weihong Fan, Xian Xia, Lu Yao, Lirui Liu, Haiyan Zhao, Xiangyong Kong, Jie Liu
BACKGROUND: Candida parapsilosis is a common agew2nt of fungemia, but few outbreaks of Candida parapsilosis infection have been reported in China. AIM: This study aimed to elaborate an outbreak of nosocomial Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto fungemia in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a comprehensive hospital in China from July to October 2017. METHODS: Epidemics and characteristics of fungemia cases were investigated. Surveillance samples were collected...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928259/first-prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-niemann-pick-disease-type-c2-revealed-by-a-cystic-hygroma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Liana Ples, Romina-Marina Sima, Florina Nedelea, Marius Moga
Background: The importance of fetal nuchal translucency was highlighted in the early 1990s as a useful first-trimester marker to identify fetal chromosomal abnormalities. Here, we report the prenatal diagnosis of a fetus with Niemann-Pick disease type C initially identified by first-trimester ultrasonographic markers and eventually confirmed by extensive genetic evaluation. Case presentation: The fetus of a 30-year-old woman exhibited a cystic hygroma in the first trimester of pregnancy...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925559/intravenous-immunoglobulin-therapy-for-dengue-capillary-leak-syndrome-in-a-renal-allograft-recipient
#3
Arunkumar Subbiah, Sandeep Mahajan, Raj Kanwar Yadav, Sanjay Kumar Agarwal
A 45-year-old man presented 4 months after ABOi renal transplantation with febrile illness and bicytopenia necessitating cessation of mycophenolate mofetil. Dengue non-structural protein 1 antigen (NS1 Ag) test was positive. Lowest total leucocyte count was 3.1×109 /L and platelet count was 14×109 /L. As fever subsided, patient became tachypneic with abdominal distention and hypotension. Ultrasonographic evaluation revealed ascites, gall bladder wall oedema and bilateral pleural effusion consistent with dengue capillary leak syndrome...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925442/an-observational-study-investigating-the-association-of-ultrasonographically-assessed-machine-milking-induced-changes-in-teat-condition-and-teat-end-shape-in-dairy-cows
#4
M Wieland, P D Virkler, A H Borkowski, N Älveby, P Wood, D V Nydam
Mechanical forces during machine milking induce changes in teat condition which can be differentiated into short-term and long-term changes. Machine milking-induced short-term changes in teat condition (STC) are defined as tissue responses to a single milking and have been associated with the risk of new intramammary infection. Albeit, their association with teat characteristics, such as teat-end shape, has not been investigated by rigorous methods. The primary objective was to determine the association of STC, as measured by ultrasonography, with teat-end shape...
June 21, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924778/-comparative-3-year-results-of-phlebectomy-and-thermal-ablation-for-lower-limb-varicose-veins
#5
E P Burleva, S A Tiurin, O A Smirnov, R R Faskhiev
The study was aimed at comparing clinical and ultrasonographic results during 3 years of postoperative follow up of patients presenting with lower limb varicose veins (LLVV) and subjected to either surgical or thermal-ablation procedures for removal of pathological reflux along the great saphenous vein (GSV) within the femur The study included a total of 185 patients with clinical class C2-3 LLVV in the system of the GSV. The patients were divided into three groups: Group One consisted of 63 patients subjected to short stripping of the GSV trunk + treatment of the perforant veins (66...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924776/-results-of-endovascular-treatment-of-obstructive-lesions-of-veins-of-the-iliofemoral-segment
#6
A V Pokrovskiĭ, I M Ignat'ev, E G Gradusov
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess the immediate and remote results of endovascular treatment of obstructive lesions of the veins of the iliofemoral segment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed balloon angioplasty and stenting for iliofemoral venous thrombosis in a total of 75 patients. Of these, 60 patients were subjected to stenting of post-thrombotic obstructions and 15 patients underwent stenting of non-thrombotic obstructive lesions of the iliac veins (for May-Thurner syndrome - in 11, for extravasal tumour-induced compression and cicatricial stenosis - in 4)...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924774/-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonographic-study-in-patients-with-lower-limb-arterial-lesions
#7
I E Timina, N N Askerova, G G Karmazanovskiĭ, I I Piatkova, A E Zotikov
BACKGROUND: The introduction into clinical practice of contrast-enhanced ultrasonographic examination made it possible to assess patency of tibial arteries and perfusion of crural muscles in patients with occlusive lesions of lower-limb arteries. These findings are important for planning optimal treatment policy and assessing efficacy of operative or medicamentous treatment. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at investigating a possibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination for assessment of patency of tibial arteries and quantitative assessment of perfusion of crural muscles in patient with occlusive lesions of lower-limb arteries...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915506/evaluation-of-hepatocyte-derived-microrna-122-for-diagnosis-of-acute-and-chronic-hepatitis-of-dogs
#8
S R Eman, A A Kubesy, T A Baraka, F A Torad, I S Shaymaa, Faten F Mohammed
Aim: This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of hepatocyte-derived microRNA (miRNA)-122 in acute and chronic hepatitis of dogs. Materials and Methods: A total of 26 dogs presented at Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, 16 dogs out of 26 showing clinical signs of hepatic insufficiency were subjected to clinical, ultrasonographic, hematobiochemical and ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy for cytological and histopathological investigations...
May 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914549/case-report-diffuse-hyperplastic-perilobar-nephroblastomatosis-complicated-by-a-unilateral-wilms-tumour-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up
#9
Bruce Gao, Emeka Nzekwu, Anthony Jonathan Cook, Shelley Jane Spaner
BACKGROUND: Nephroblastomatosis is an uncommon pathologic process characterized by the presence of persistent embryonic nephrogenic rests. Progression to Wilms tumour occurs in an estimated 35% of patients. Cure rates are based on histologic findings and disease stage and have improved from 10% in the 1920s to over 90% today. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 9-month-old female presenting with a 2-month history of abdominal distension. Ultrasonographic and computed tomographic assessments demonstrated features consistent with bilateral, diffuse, hyperplastic perilobar nephroblastomatosis (DHPLNB) for which she underwent chemotherapy...
June 19, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914233/acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-of-biopsy-proven-kikuchi-disease-initial-experiences-for-evaluating-feasibility-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Jeong-Min Lee, Jae-Yeon Hwang, Jihyun Bae, Mae Ran Kim, Yong-Woo Kim, Su Eun Park, Jeong A Yeom, Jieun Roh
Purpose: This study evaluated the feasibility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography and characterized the sonographic features of lymph nodes (LNs) with Kikuchi disease in pediatric patients. Methods: Seventy-six cervical LN biopsies were performed for the diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy. ARFI imaging was performed, and the characteristic ultrasound features of the biopsied LNs and the contralateral LNs were analyzed. We also reviewed clinical and conventional ultrasonographic findings...
April 24, 2018: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911939/clinical-features-and-outcome-in-horses-with-severe-large-intestinal-thickening-diagnosed-with-transabdominal-ultrasonography-25-cases-2003-2010
#11
Elizabeth W Biscoe, Mary Beth Whitcomb, Betsy Vaughan, Julie E Dechant, K Gary Magdesian
OBJECTIVE To describe clinical features and outcome of horses with severe large intestinal thickening diagnosed with transabdominal ultrasonography. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 25 horses. PROCEDURES Medical records of horses that underwent transabdominal ultrasonography between 2003 and 2010 were reviewed. Horses were included if the wall of the large intestine was ≥ 9 mm thick in any of 6 abdominal zones. RESULTS Median age was 13 years (range, 3 to 28 years). Horses were initially examined because of colic, diarrhea, inappetence, weight loss, lethargy, fever, or hematuria...
July 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909505/ultrasonographic-reference-values-for-the-deep-branch-of-the-radial-nerve-at-the-arcade-of-frohse
#12
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Peyman Roomizadeh, Golshan Sanaei, Saeideh Najarzadeh-Mehdikhani, Kimia Habibi, Shahin Nikmanzar, Yadollah Kheyrollah
PURPOSE: The deep branch of the radial nerve (DBRN) enters the forearm as it passes under the arcade of Frohse. This is the most common entrapment site of the DBRN in the forearm. In this study, we investigated the ultrasonographic reference values for the diameters and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the DBRN at the level of the arcade of Frohse in a healthy sample of the population. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy Caucasian volunteers (130 nerves) were recruited for this study...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909269/can-uterocervical-angles-successfully-predict-induction-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women
#13
Emrah Dagdeviren, Berna Aslan Çetin, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Nadiye Koroglu, Elif Goknur Topcu, Mehmet Aytac Yuksel
PURPOSE: Induction of labor is a common practice in obstetrics. In recent years, a newer ultrasonographic parameter called the uterocervical angle (UCA) has been identified as a predictive tool for births. Our purpose is to investigate the role of UCA in predicting successful induction of labor. METHODS: The nulliparous term pregnancies (n:150) were grouped into successful/failed inductions of labor based on their progress into the active phase of labor after the administration of prostaglandin E2 (dinoprostone)...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908805/field-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-an-intranasal-respiratory-vaccine-protocol-on-calf-health-ultrasonographic-lung-consolidation-and-growth-in-holstein-dairy-calves
#14
T L Ollivett, K E Leslie, T F Duffield, D V Nydam, J Hewson, J Caswell, P Dunn, D F Kelton
The objective of this field trial was to evaluate the effect of a vaccine protocol using a commercially available trivalent vaccine designed for intranasal use. Experimental challenge studies have demonstrated varying efficacies of vaccines administered via the intranasal route. A total of 468 calves from 3 herds were enrolled and randomized into 3 treatment groups (positive control, PC, n = 211; intranasal vaccine, IN, n = 215; negative control, NC, n = 42) and followed for 8 to 12 wk. The PC consisted of one dose of commercially available multivalent injectable vaccine against bovine respiratory syncytial virus, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, parainfluenza 3, and bovine viral diarrhea administered subcutaneously at 6 wk of age...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908716/ultrasonographical-identification-of-the-superficial-circumflex-iliac-artery-as-a-landmark-for-location-of-the-femoral-nerve-in-dogs
#15
Fernando L Garcia-Pereira, Daniel Boruta, Sharon Tenenbaum, Vaidehi Paranjape
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of identifying the superficial circumflex iliac artery (SCIA) via ultrasound as an anatomical landmark for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. ANIMALS: A group of six canine cadavers weighing >20 kg. METHODS: Pelvic limbs from six canine cadavers were examined to study the relationship between the SCIA and the femoral nerve. Ultrasonographic imaging of the SCIA in each limb was obtained with the transducer placed transversely in the medial aspect of the pelvic limb at the inguinal area...
April 13, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908078/ultrasound-detection-of-insulin-induced-lipohypertrophy-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#16
J E Kapeluto, B W Paty, S D Chang, G S Meneilly
AIMS: To define standard criteria for the detection of lipohypertrophy using ultrasonography and to determine the accuracy of this method. METHOD: Individuals using insulin therapy for ≥2 years with unknown lipohypertrophy status were enrolled at a diabetes education centre. A team of diabetes educator nurses performed a clinical examination for evidence of lipohypertrophy and a separate team of ultrasonographers examined participants in a blinded fashion. RESULTS: The echo signature for lipohypertrophy consisted of location in the subcutaneous layer and lesions that were 1) well circumscribed either by hyperechoic foci with defined borders or a nodular shape with a hypoechoic halo, 2) heterogeneous in echotexture compared with surrounding tissue, 3) associated with distortion of surrounding connective tissue with 4) absence of vascularity and 5) absence of capsule...
June 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905968/skeletal-consequences-of-nephropathic-cystinosis
#17
Pablo Florenzano, Carlos Ferreira, Galina Nesterova, Mary Scott Ramnitz, Sri Harsha Tella, Luis Fernandez de Castro, Sydney M Brown, Adom Whitaker, Renata C Pereira, Dorothy Bulas, Rachel I Gafni, Isidro B Salusky, William A Gahl, Michael T Collins
Nephropathic cystinosis is a rare lysosomal storage disorder. Patients present in the first year of life with renal Fanconi syndrome that evolves to progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the multiple risk factors for bone disease, the frequency and severity of skeletal disorders in nephropathic cystinosis have not been described. We performed systematic bone and mineral evaluations of subjects with cystinosis seen at the NIH (N = 30), including history and physical examination, serum and urine biochemistries, DXA, vertebral fracture assessment, skeletal radiographs, and renal ultrasound...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902817/effects-of-mares-age-and-day-of-gestation-on-efficacy-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-guided-twin-reduction
#18
Janina Rau, Daniela Tiedemann, Jutta Sielhorst, Anna Tönissen, Dominik Burger, Gunilla Martinsson, Karl Rohn, Harriette Oldenhof, Harald Sieme
OBJECTIVE: Transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration (TUA) is a procedure which can be used for the reduction of twins post-fixation in the mare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the age of mares and the day of gestation on the outcome of TUA treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 88 mares, diagnosed pregnant with twins, TUA of the yolk sac or allantoic fluid was performed between day 30 and 62 of gestation. Mares were aged 3-22 years. Ultrasonographic examination for a viable singleton pregnancy was performed by referring veterinarians 5-7 days and 4 weeks after TUA...
June 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901651/intraoperative-sonography-may-reduce-the-risk-of-extensor-pollicis-longus-tendon-injury-during-dorsal-entry-elastic-intramedullary-nailing-of-the-radius-in-children
#19
Marcell Varga, Nikoletta Gáti, Tamás Kassai, Szilvia Papp, Sándor Pintér
Extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) injury is a potential complication of dorsal entry radial elastic nailing technique in children. The aim of this study was to investigate if intraoperative ultrasonographic guidance can reduce the risk of (EPL) injury.Correlation between sonographic and operative findings were examined first in 6 adult cadavers. Position of Lister's tubercle, EPL, and extraosseal end of the elastic nail were detected by ultrasound imaging during a minimally invasive dorsal entry nailing...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901629/sonographic-assessment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-diabetic-patients-with-and-without-polyneuropathy
#20
Mamdouh Ali Kotb, Mohamed Abdelmohsen Bedewi, Nasser M Aldossary, Gehan Mahmoud, Moheyeldeen Fathi Naguib
The objective of this study is to determine whether the cross sectional area (CSA) measurement of the median nerve at the wrist differ between carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in diabetic patients with and without diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN).This study included 44 patients with type II diabete millitus (DM) with CTS, 32 patients with CTS and DPN, 46 patients with idiopathic CTS, and 42 healthy subjects. Ultrasonographic measurement of the CSA of the median nerve was made at the level of the wrist, together with nerve conduction studies...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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