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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819464/a-pictorial-review-of-the-many-faces-of-gossypiboma-observations-in-6-cases
#1
REVIEW
Gayatri Pole, Bright Thomas
Gossypiboma or textiloma is the result of a foreign-body reaction to extraneous material, usually a surgical sponge that was accidentally retained within the body. The diagnosis of a retained surgical sponge is often delayed due to its infrequent occurrence and protean appearances. The purpose of this pictorial review is to define the common sonographic and CT features of gossypiboma. A retrospective review of sonographic and CT images of 6 surgically proven cases of retained surgical sponges was undertaken...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818306/time-harmonic-ultrasound-elastography-of-the-descending-abdominal-aorta-initial-results
#2
Lars-Arne Schaafs, Heiko Tzschätzsch, Markus van der Giet, Alexander Reshetnik, Ingo G Steffen, Bernd Hamm, Jürgen Braun, Ingolf Sack, Thomas Elgeti
Stiffening of central large vessels is considered a key pathophysiologic factor within the cardiovascular system. Current diagnostic parameters such as pulse wave velocity (PWV) indirectly measure aortic stiffness, a hallmark of coronary diseases. The aim of the present study was to perform elastography of the proximal abdominal aorta based on externally induced time-harmonic shear waves. Experiments were performed in 30 healthy volunteers (25 young, 5 old, >50 y) and 5 patients with longstanding hypertension (PWV >10 m/s)...
August 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818015/bioglue-associated-loss-of-aortic-valve-leaflet-motility-sonographically-masked-by-both-newly-replaced-mechanical-aortic-and-mitral-valves
#3
Alan Matthew Smeltz, Thomas G Caranasos, Emily G Teeter
BioGlue is a surgical adhesive widely used to help reinforce complex cardiac and vascular repairs. Since its introduction, several case reports have emerged revealing complications that all providers should be mindful of whenever the product is used. This report considers a unique situation where BioGlue was used after double cardiac valve repair that resulted in adhesion of the new mechanical aortic valve leaflets and was difficult to visualize with transesophageal echocardiography.
August 1, 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814446/communicating-echocardiography-results-to-patients-a-future-role-for-the-clinical-scientist
#4
EDITORIAL
Jenna Smith, Sarah Waters, Brian Campbell, John Chambers
Clinical scientists (cardiac physiologists, sonographers, echocardiographers) perform most of the echocardiograms requested in the USA, the UK, Australia and many countries in Europe. Clinical scientists do not usually communicate the results of echocardiography directly to their patients. Instead they produce a report to informthe requesting clinician who then talks to the patient. In contrast radiologists and radiographers may already communicate results directly to their patient following national professional guidelines (1) within local hospital protocols...
August 16, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812247/towards-robot-assisted-echocardiographic-monitoring-in-catheterization-laboratories-usability-centered-manipulator-for-transesophageal-echocardiography
#5
Christina Pahl, Henning Ebelt, Mostafa Sayahkaraji, Eko Supriyanto, Amiliana Soesanto
This paper proposes a robotic Transesophageal Echocardiography (TOE) system concept for Catheterization Laboratories. Cardiovascular disease causes one third of all global mortality. TOE is utilized to assess cardiovascular structures and monitor cardiac function during diagnostic procedures and catheter-based structural interventions. However, the operation of TOE underlies various conditions that may cause a negative impact on performance, the health of the cardiac sonographer and patient safety. These factors have been conflated and evince the potential of robot-assisted TOE...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812114/-thoracic-and-abdominal-imaging-in-immunocompromised-patients
#6
REVIEW
J R Kroeger, D Maintz, D-H Chang
The number of patients with immunosuppression is rising worldwide. The spectrum of diseases and pathogens in these patients differs widely from that of immunocompetent patients due to frequent opportunistic infections. Symptoms are sometimes unspecific, and imaging plays a key role in the management of these patients. The lungs are a frequent site of infection in immunosuppressed patients. Chest X‑ray is the starting point for radiological diagnostics, but shows only limited sensitivity and specificity for infections with atypical pathogens...
August 15, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810926/the-association-between-sonographic-enthesitis-and-radiographic-damage-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#7
Ari Polachek, Richard Cook, Vinod Chandran, Dafna D Gladman, Lihi Eder
BACKGROUND: To examine the association between sonographic enthesitis and the severity of radiographic features of damage in the peripheral and axial joints in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in patients with PsA. The MAdrid Sonography Enthesitis Index (MASEI) scoring system was used to quantify the extent of sonographic entheseal abnormalities. Radiographic damage in the peripheral joints and spine was assessed by the modified Steinbrocker score (mSS), Modified New York Criteria for sacroiliitis, and the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS)...
August 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809679/automatic-localization-of-the-needle-target-for-ultrasound-guided-epidural-injections
#8
Mehran Pesteie, Victoria Lessoway, Purang Abolmaesumi, Robert N Rohling
Accurate identification of the needle target is crucial for effective epidural anesthesia. Currently, epidural needle placement is administered by a manual technique, relying on the sense of feel, which has a significant failure rate. Moreover, misleading the needle may lead to inadequate anesthesia, post dural puncture headaches and other potential complications. Ultrasound offers guidance to the physician for identification of the needle target, but accurate interpretation and localization remain challenges...
August 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809063/color-and-power-doppler-combined-with-fetal-intelligent-navigation-echocardiography-fine-to-evaluate-the-fetal-heart
#9
L Yeo, R Romero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of color and bidirectional power Doppler ultrasound combined with Fetal Intelligent Navigation Echocardiography (FINE) in examining the fetal heart. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted of fetuses in the second and third trimesters with a normal heart or with congenital heart disease (CHD). One or more spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) volume datasets, combined with color or bidirectional power Doppler (S-flow) imaging, were acquired in the apical four-chamber view...
August 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809041/complex-malformations-involving-the-fetal-body-wall-definition-and-classification-issues
#10
Julia Bijok, Diana Massalska, Anna Kucińska-Chahwan, Anna Posiewka, Alicja Ilnicka, Grzegorz Jakiel, Tomasz Roszkowski
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the sonographic features, cytogenetic results and pregnancy outcomes in complex malformations involving the body wall in a large cohort of fetuses with regard to different definitions proposed in the literature. METHOD: A retrospective study on 96 fetuses with complex malformations comprising ventral wall, craniofacial structures, limbs and umbilical cord that were evaluated between 1997 and 2015. RESULTS: The most common sonographic finding was an extensive ventral wall defect (95...
August 14, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807863/prenatal-diagnosis-of-complex-phenotype-in-a-13-week-old-fetus-with-an-interstitial-multigene-deletion-20q13-13-q13-2-by-chromosomal-microarray
#11
Feodora Stipoljev, Danka Miric-Tesanic, Tomislav Hafner, Maja Barbalic, Monika Logara, Ruzica Lasan-Trcic, Ana Vicic, Romana Gjergja-Juraski
We report the first trimester three-dimensional ultrasonographic findings in a 13-week-old fetus with complex phenotype and a de novo 4.7 Mb multigene deletion encompassing chromosome region 20q13.13-q13.2 detected by chromosomal microarray. Fetal sonography detected radial-ray anomalies in the form of bilateral absence of thumbs and the left club hand deformity. The presence of single atrioventricular canal instead of the atrial septal defect typical for Holt-Oram syndrome pointed us to rather suspect the SALL4 related diseases...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807045/a-randomized-multi-center-prospective-study-comparing-best-medical-treatment-versus-best-medical-treatment-plus-renal-artery-stenting-in-patients-with-hemodynamically-relevant-atherosclerotic-renal-artery-stenosis-radar-one-year-results-of-a-pre-maturely-terminated
#12
Thomas Zeller, Hans Krankenberg, Andrejs Erglis, Erwin Blessing, Torsten Fuss, Dierk Scheinert, Ralf Weser, Beatrix B Doerr, Wilfrid D Yollo, Joerg Radermacher
BACKGROUND: The indications for conservative "best medical treatment" (BMT) versus additional renal artery stenting are a matter of ongoing debate. The RADAR study aimed to evaluate the impact of percutaneous renal artery stenting on the impaired renal function in patients with hemodynamically significant atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS). METHODS: RADAR is an international, prospective, randomized (1:1) controlled study comparing BMT alone versus BMT plus renal artery stenting in patients with duplex sonographic hemodynamically relevant RAS...
August 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806573/digital-breast-tomosynthesis-vacuum-assisted-biopsy-for-tomosynthesis-detected-sonographically-occult-lesions
#13
Nikki S Ariaratnam, Sherrill T Little, Markus A Whitley, Kristy Ferguson
PURPOSE: To assess the utility and pathological results from DBT VAB for lesions occult on 2D mammography and breast ultrasound (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 1116 consecutive stereotactic biopsies was performed over 27months. DBT VAB was performed for 38 non-calcified lesions which were solely detected using DBT. Imaging findings and pathology results were reviewed. RESULTS: Pathologic findings were malignant in 8 of 38 lesions [masses (5) and distortion (3)]...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806537/effect-of-oral-hydration-on-external-cephalic-version-at-term
#14
Virna Franca Zobbi, Antonella Nespoli, Elisa Spreafico, Roberta Recalcati, Federica Loi, Antonietta Scian, Stefania Galimberti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of oral hydration on the success rate of external cephalic version (ECV). DESIGN: Randomized controlled and single-blind trial. SETTING: Academic tertiary hospital with approximately 3,000 births annually. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred sixty-four women at a gestational age of at least 37 weeks with breech-presenting fetuses and normal amniotic fluid indexes (AFIs). METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to drink 2000 ml or no more than 100 ml of water in the 2 hours before undergoing ECV...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805078/occurrence-and-predictive-factors-of-heterotopic-ossification-in-severe-acquired-brain-injured-patients-during-rehabilitation-stay-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Stefano Bargellesi, Luisa Cavasin, Federico Scarponi, Antonio De Tanti, Donatella Bonaiuti, Michelangelo Bartolo, Paolo Boldrini, Anna Estraneo
OBJECTIVES: To report occurrence and identify patient's features and risk factors of heterotopic ossifications in patients with severe acquired brain injury in intensive rehabilitation centres. DESIGN: Multicentre cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A total of 48 severe acquired brain injury rehabilitation institutes. PARTICIPANTS: Traumatic and non-traumatic severe brain-injured patients ( N = 689) in rehabilitation centres on 28 May 2016...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803613/first-sonographic-description-of-idiopathic-cutaneous-angiosarcoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#16
P Vilas Boas, A Ruedas Martínez, O Baniandrés Rodriguez, C Ciudad Blanco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802056/different-nerve-ultrasound-patterns-in-charcot-marie-tooth-types-and-hnpp
#17
Luca Padua, Daniele Coraci, Marta Lucchetta, Ilaria Paolasso, Costanza Pazzaglia, Giuseppe Granata, Mario Cacciavillani, Marco Luigetti, Fiore Manganelli, Chiara Pisciotta, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Davide Pareyson, Chiara Briani
INTRODUCTION: Nerve ultrasound in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) has mostly focused on upper limbs. We performed an evaluation of a large cohort of CMT patients in which we sonographically characterized nerve abnormalities in different disease types, ages and nerves. METHODS: Seventy patients affected by different CMT types and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) were evaluated, assessing median, ulnar, fibular, tibial and sural nerves bilaterally...
August 12, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800728/feasibility-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-point-of-care-handheld-echocardiography-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-a-pilot-study
#18
Peter Kraft, Anna Fleischer, Silke Wiedmann, Viktoria Rücker, Daniel Mackenrodt, Caroline Morbach, Uwe Malzahn, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann
BACKGROUND: Standard echocardiography (SE) is an essential part of the routine diagnostic work-up after ischemic stroke (IS) and also serves for research purposes. However, access to SE is often limited. We aimed to assess feasibility and accuracy of point-of-care (POC) echocardiography in a stroke unit (SU) setting. METHODS: IS patients were recruited on the SU of the University Hospital Würzburg, Germany. Two SU team members were trained in POC echocardiography for a three-month period to assess a set of predefined cardiac parameters including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)...
August 11, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799535/hygroscopic-sonographically-detectable-clips-form-characteristic-breast-and-lymph-node-pseudocysts
#19
Moshe Carmon, Sofia Zilber, David Gekhtman, Oded Olsha, Tal Hadar, Eliahu Golomb
The use of hygroscopic sonographically detectable clips (HSDCs) has dramatically increased during the last years, especially in breast cancer patients who undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The aims of this study are to define the appearance of HSDC sites in histopathological specimens, and to enable pathologists to recognize these sites and differentiate them from other lesions. We examined 124 breast cancer specimens in which the application of HSDCs was documented, 88 breast tissues and 36 lymph nodes, and analyzed the appearance of the clip site in these tissues...
August 11, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797723/left-ventricular-global-strain-analysis-by-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-the-learning-curve
#20
Jonathan Chan, Kenji Shiino, Nchafatso G Obonyo, Joseph Hanna, Robert Chamberlain, Andrew Small, Isabel G Scalia, William Scalia, Akira Yamada, Christian R Hamilton-Craig, Gregory M Scalia, Jose Luis Zamorano
BACKGROUND: The application of left ventricular (LV) global strain by speckle-tracking is becoming more widespread, with the potential for incorporation into routine clinical echocardiography in selected patients. There are no guidelines or recommendations for the training requirements to achieve competency. The aim of this study was to determine the learning curve for global strain analysis and determine the number of studies that are required for independent reporting. METHODS: Three groups of novice observers (cardiology fellows, cardiac sonographers, medical students) received the same standardized training module prior to undertaking retrospective global strain analysis on 100 patients over a period of 3 months...
August 7, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
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