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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544989/impact-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-incidence-of-obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injury-diagnosed-by-endoanal-ultrasound
#1
Kristina Drusany Staric, Adolf Lukanovic, Petra Petrocnik, Vita Zacesta, Corrado Cescon, Miha Lucovnik
OBJECTIVE: to examine potential association between mediolateral episiotomy and reduced incidence of obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) diagnosed by endoanal ultrasound. DESIGN: prospective cohort study. SETTING: tertiary referral university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: sixty nulliparous women at 28-33 weeks of gestation with singleton pregnancies were included between 2010 and 2012. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: participants were examined with endoanal ultrasound at 28-33 weeks gestation and at 6-7 weeks post-partum...
May 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543974/neck-sonography-and-suppressed-thyroglobulin-have-high-sensitivity-for-identifying-recurrent-persistent-disease-in-patients-with-low-risk-thyroid-cancer-treated-with-total-thyroidectomy-and-radioactive-iodine-ablation-making-stimulated-thyroglobulin-unnecessary
#2
José M Domínguez, Flavia Nilo, Tania Contreras, Rocío Carmona, Nicolás Droppelmann, Hernán González, Virginia Iturrieta, R Michael Tuttle
OBJECTIVES: Follow-up of patients with low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer treated with total thyroidectomy and radioiodine requires neck sonography and thyroglobulin (Tg). The need to stimulate Tg is controversial. The goal of this study was to compare the diagnostic performances of sonography plus suppressed or stimulated Tg in low-risk thyroid cancer. METHODS: After total thyroidectomy and radioiodine, patients with low-risk thyroid cancer were retrospectively identified as having structural or biochemical persistence/recurrence...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542516/evaluation-of-the-systemic-micro-and-macrovasculature-in-stable-angina-a-case-control-study
#3
Ulf Neisius, Erin Olson, Sabrina H Rossi, Hagar A Ibrahim, Gemma Currie, Anna F Dominiczak, Christian Delles
AIMS: The diagnosis of stable angina involves the use of probability estimates based on clinical presentation, age, gender and cardiovascular risk factors. In view of the link between the cardiac and systemic vasculature we tested whether non-invasive measures of systemic micro- and macrovascular structure and function differentiate between individuals with flow-limiting coronary artery disease (CAD) and those with normal coronary arteries (NCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited 84 patients undergoing elective coronary angiography for investigation of symptoms of stable angina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541770/sonographic-evaluation-of-diaphragmatic-function-during-breathing-control
#4
A Y M Jones, S P C Ngai, M T C Ying, N R Morris, E L Laakso, S W Y Lee, S M Parry
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of "breathing control" on sonographic diaphragmatic excursion. METHOD: A prospective, randomized, assessor-blinded study design involving 20 physiotherapy students; ten with knowledge of the breathing control technique (Group BC) and ten without (Group CON). All participants were asked to perform a Chester step test. Group BC performed BC, while Group CON adopted their own breathing pattern during recovery after the step test...
May 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540836/vocal-cord-paresis-following-single-session-high-intensity-focused-ablation-hifu-treatment-of-benign-thyroid-nodules-incidence-and-risk-factors
#5
Brian Hh Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Keith Wan-Hang Chiu
BACKGROUND: Vocal cord paresis (VCP) may occur following high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) of thyroid nodules. We hypothesized its occurrence relates to the distance of the focus point (FP) of the HIFU beams from the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and the thermal power that this point received. Their relationships were examined. METHODS: One hundred and three patients who underwent HIFU for symptomatic benign thyroid nodule from October 2015 to March 2017 were analyzed...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540316/ultrasonographic-characteristics-of-the-common-extensor-tendon-of-the-elbow-in-asymptomatic-individuals-thickness-color-doppler-activity-and-bony-spurs
#6
Thøger P Krogh, Ulrich Fredberg, Christian Ammitzbøl, Torkell Ellingsen
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) of the common extensor tendon (CET) of the elbow is often part of the assessment of patients with lateral epicondylitis. This US assessment is currently based on general tendinopathy references and not well-defined US entities. PURPOSE: To describe CET thickness, color Doppler activity, and bony spurs on US in asymptomatic volunteers and to investigate the influence of sex, age, height, body mass index (BMI), weight, and elbow dominance on the measurements...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540100/relationship-between-sonographic-placental-thickness-and-gestational-age-in-normal-singleton-fetuses-in-enugu-southeast-nigeria
#7
K K Agwuna, C U Eze, P O Ukoha, U A Umeh
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of common ultrasound parameters for the estimation of gestational age (GA) decreases as pregnancy advances in age. Hence, there is need to explore other parameters that may complement the established fetal biometric parameters in predicting GA in late pregnancy. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the sonographic placental thickness (PT) and GA in the second and third trimesters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 627 normal pregnant women with GA between 14 and 40 weeks was conducted at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu from May 2013 to February 2014 by sonography...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539973/are-ultrasound-features-at-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-associated-with-clinically-assessed-pain-and-function-a-study-of-people-with-gout-asymptomatic-hyperuricaemia-and-normouricaemia
#8
Sarah Stewart, Nicola Dalbeth, Alain C Vandal, Bruce Allen, Rhian Miranda, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: The first metatatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTP joint) is a common location for sonographic evidence of urate deposition in people with gout and asymptomatic hyperuricaemia. However, it is unclear whether these are related to clinically-assessed pain and function. This study aimed to determine the association between ultrasound features and clinical characteristics of the 1st MTP joint in people with gout, asymptomatic hyperuricaemia and age- and sex-matched normouricaemic individuals...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538602/pelvic-organ-prolapse-does-hormone-therapy-use-matter
#9
Erika J Wasenda, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Nishamini Subramaniam, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of hormone therapy (HT) use on pelvic organ support. METHODS: A retrospective observational study involving postmenopausal women with pelvic floor dysfunction attending a tertiary urogynecology center between January 2012 and March 2015. All underwent a clinical examination including International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification and 4D translabial ultrasound imaging. Information on current or former use of systemic HT and current local estrogen use was collected...
May 22, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538449/sonographic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-characteristics-of-juvenile-papillomatosis-three-cases-with-different-manifestations
#10
Ravza Yilmaz, Zuhal Bayramoglu, Fuat Bicen, Arda Kayhan, Semen Yesil, Gulden Acunas
Juvenile papillomatosis (JP) is an infrequently seen benign proliferative lesion in women younger than 30 years. Herein, we present different clinical manifestations of histopathologically proven JP of the breast, in addition to magnetic resonance and sonographic imaging features of these cases. Patient 1 exhibited nipple discharge and papillary carcinoma accompanied after the operation. Patient 2 presented with a giant mass with cystic and numerous solid nodular components that filled the entire right breast...
June 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538033/ultrasound-evaluation-as-a-complementary-test-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-proposal-of-a-standarized-report
#11
Antonio Martorell, Ximena Wortsman, Fernando Alfageme, Gaston Roustan, Salvador Arias-Santiago, Orlando Catalano, Maria Scotto di Santolo, Kian Zarchi, Marcio Bouer, Diana Gaitini, Claudia Gonzalez, Robert Bard, F Javier García-Martínez, Anitha Mandava
BACKGROUND: Staging and monitoring of patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) have been traditionally based on clinical findings. However, the physical examination may show important limitations because of its poor sensitivity for differentiating between different lesion subtypes, and its low sensitivity to define the disease's activity. OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus ultrasound (US) report that could summarize the relevant anatomical characteristics and staging of patients considering the experience of radiologists and dermatologists working on imaging of HS...
May 22, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537495/remotely-guided-breast-sonography-for-long-term-space-missions-a-case-report-and-discussion
#12
Jackelynne P Silva-Martinez, Andreia Sorice Genaro, Hui Annie Wen, Naama Glauber, Thais Russomano
BACKGROUND: Space radiation can cause different types of cancers in crewmembers, especially during long-term space missions. INTRODUCTION: To date, a complete bilateral breast ultrasound has not been performed at the International Space Station (ISS). A breast screening imaging technique could be a useful tool for early identification of breast cancer in astronauts. We hypothesized that breast ultrasound performed by a crewmember while being remotely guided by a specialist from the ground could be an essential tool for medical diagnosis in space...
May 24, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537045/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-meatal-stenosis-on-the-urinary-tract-by-using-ultrasonography
#13
Parisa Saeedi, Hassan Ahmadnia, Alireza Akhavan Rezayat
PURPOSE: Circumcision is one of the oldest surgical procedures that originated for religious purposes. Circumcision in infancy is a common procedure in our country and secondary meatal stenosis due to circumcision is a common complication. The aim of our study is to determine the effect of meatal stenosis on the lower and upperurinary tract of circumcised boys by using ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 87 circumcised boys between 4 to 8 years old with severe meatal stenosis...
May 23, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536943/change-in-sonographic-brightness-can-predict-pathological-response-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-to-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#14
Naoko Matsuda, Kumiko Kida, Sachiko Ohde, Koyu Suzuki, Hideko Yamauchi, Seigo Nakamura, Hiroko Tsunoda
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound (US) is conventionally performed to determine effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on breast cancer. In patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), higher pathological complete response (pCR) predicts the most favorable survival outcome. We aimed to predict pCR to NAC using echogenicity changes in US region of interest (ROI) in patients with TNBC. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively determined clinicopathological characteristics of 52 patients with primary TNBC who underwent NAC...
May 23, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535849/calf-endurance-and-achilles-tendon-structure-in-classical-ballet-dancers
#15
Jennifer A Zellers, Katrina van Ostrand, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
Optimal lower leg function is critical for ballet dancers to meet their occupational requirements. Achilles tendon injury is particularly detrimental to ballet dancers. While standardized measures have been validated and incorporated into clinical practice for use in people with Achilles tendon injury, normative ranges specific to the dancer population have not been described. The purpose of this pilot study was to observe the performance of pre-professional ballet students and professional ballet dancers on a well-established test battery for lower leg functional performance as well as ultra-sonographic evaluation of the structure of their Achilles tendons...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535404/placental-inflammation-and-its-relationship-to-cervicovaginal-fetal-fibronectin-in-preterm-birth
#16
Laura van der Krogt, Alexandra E Ridout, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Late miscarriage and preterm birth are frequently thought to be associated with inflammation and infection, although in most cases the underlying cause of early delivery remains unknown. The placenta is the organ that links mother and fetus during pregnancy, and postnatal examination may provide useful information about pathophysiology. The relationship between placental pathological lesions and predictive markers of early delivery has not been explored. We sought to characterize preterm deliveries according to placental pathology and relate these to the performance of reliable predictive markers, fetal fibronectin and cervical length...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534769/a-systematic-investigation-of-lateral-estimation-using-various-interpolation-approaches-in-conventional-ultrasound-imaging
#17
Zhi Liu, Chengwu Huang, Jianwen Luo
Accurate lateral displacement and strain estimat- ion is critical for some applications of elasticity imaging. Typically, motion estimation in the lateral direction is challenging because of low sampling frequency and lack of phase information in conventional ultrasound imaging. Several approaches have been proposed to improve the performance of lateral estimation, such as lateral interpolation on the RF signals (Interp_RF), lateral interpolation on the cross-correlation function (Interp_CCF) and lateral interpolation on both the RF signals and cross-correlation function (Interp_Both)...
May 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532833/estimation-of-fetal-lung-development-using-quantitative-analysis-of-ultrasonographic-images-in-normal-canine-pregnancy
#18
T Banzato, G Zovi, C Milani
We investigated the quantitative analysis of sonographic images to predict fetal lung maturity of the canine foetus in normal pregnancy. Twelve bitches were recruited in the present study. Serial ultrasonographic exams were performed at three pre-determined time periods corresponding to the pseudoglandular (40-48 days of pregnancy), canalicular (49-56 days of pregnancy) and saccular phase (57-63 days of pregnancy) of lung development. Mean grey level (MGL) and the standard deviation of the histogram (SDH) of fetal lung and liver sonographic images were measured with dedicated software...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532764/sonography-of-suspected-acute-appendicitis-in-children-evaluation-of-the-progress-in-performance-of-senior-residents
#19
Pierre Gerbier, Aurélien Binet, Mathilde Etancelin, Emmanuel Barteau, Marie Auger, Luciano Morales, Philippe Bertrand, Dominique Sirinelli, Baptiste Morel
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the progress in performance of senior residents in diagnosing acute appendicitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results were collected and compared of ultrasound examinations performed for suspected acute appendicitis by three senior residents and two faculty members over a six-month period in a university hospital setting. A grid with the sonographic findings was completed separately by the residents and the faculty members immediately after each examination...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531808/prenatal-diagnosis-of-biliary-atresia-a-case-series
#20
O Shen, H Y Sela, H Nagar, R Rabinowitz, E Jacobovich, D Chen, E Granot
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia is a progressive disease presenting with jaundice, and is the most common indication for liver transplantation in the pediatric population. Prenatal series have yielded conflicting results concerning a possible association between BA and prenatal nonvisualization of the gallbladder. AIMS: This retrospective case series was performed to assess the association between biliary atresia, prenatal nonvisualization of the gallbladder and other sonographic signs...
May 19, 2017: Early Human Development
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