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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924470/comparison-of-the-pregnancy-outcomes-and-the-incidence-of-fetal-congenital-abnormalities-in-infertile-women-treated-with-letrozole-and-clomiphene-citrate
#1
Azadeh Akbari Sene, Selma Ghorbani, Mahnaz Ashrafi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of congenital fetal anomalies reported among infertile Iranian women treated with letrozole compared to those treated with Clomiphene Citrate (CC). METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was performed based on information available from infertile patients referred to the Akbar-Abadi Hospital IVF Center, Tehran, Iran, undergoing ovulation induction (OI) or intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles from 2007 to 2014...
June 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924025/ultrasound-manifestations-of-enchondroma-protuberans-two-case-reports
#2
Xi Xiang, Shan Cheng, Yu-Jia Yang, Li Qiu
RATIONALE: We report two rare cases of enchondroma protuberans originating from phalanxes. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patients visited doctors for a palpable mass in their phalanx without any pain or discomfort. DIAGNOSES: Biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of enchondroma protuberans. Radiographs usually provide important imaging information, while studied on the ultrasound manifestation of enchondroma protuberans are still limited. In our cases, significant information about ultrasound manifestation of enchondroma protuberans were presented...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921747/diagnostic-performance-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-for-breast-nodules
#3
Cui-Ying Li, Hai-Yan Gong, Li-Jun Ling, Li-Wen Du, Tong Su, Shui Wang, Jie Wang
In the current study, we sought to evaluate the diagnostic efficacies of conventional ultrasound (US), contrast-enhanced US (CEUS), combined US and CEUS and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting focal solid breast lesions. Totally 117 patients with 120 BI-RADS category 4A-5 breast lesions were evaluated by conventional US and CEUS, and MRI, respectively. SonoVue was used as contrast agent in CEUS and injected as an intravenous bolus; nodule scan was performed 4 minutes after bolus injection. A specific sonographic quantification software was used to obtain color-coded maps of perfusion parameters for the investigated lesion, namely the time-intensity curve...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920817/predictive-accuracy-of-cerebroplacental-ratio-for-adverse-perinatal-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-suspected-fetal-growth-restriction-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Agustin Conde-Agudelo, José Villar, Stephen H Kennedy, Aris T Papageorghiou
OBJECTIVE: The cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) has been proposed for the routine surveillance of pregnancies with suspected fetal growth restriction (FGR), but the predictive performance of this test is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the CPR for predicting adverse perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes in suspected FGR. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Lilacs (all from inception to July 31, 2017) were searched for cohort or cross-sectional studies that reported on the accuracy of the CPR for predicting adverse perinatal and/or neurodevelopmental outcomes in singleton pregnancies with antenatally suspected FGR based on sonographic parameters...
June 19, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920379/management-of-endometriosis-cngof-has-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-version
#5
P Collinet, X Fritel, C Revel-Delhom, M Ballester, P A Bolze, B Borghese, N Bornsztein, J Boujenah, T Brillac, N Chabbert-Buffet, C Chauffour, N Clary, J Cohen, C Decanter, A Denouël, G Dubernard, A Fauconnier, H Fernandez, T Gauthier, F Golfier, C Huchon, G Legendre, J Loriau, E Mathieu-d'Argent, B Merlot, J Niro, P Panel, P Paparel, C A Philip, S Ploteau, C Poncelet, B Rabischong, H Roman, C Rubod, P Santulli, M Sauvan, I Thomassin-Naggara, A Torre, J M Wattier, C Yazbeck, N Bourdel, M Canis
First-line diagnostic investigations for endometriosis are physical examination and pelvic ultrasound. The second-line investigations are: targeted pelvic examination performed by an expert clinician, transvaginal ultrasound performed by an expert physician sonographer (radiologist or gynaecologist), and pelvic MRI. Management of endometriosis is recommended when the disease has a functional impact. Recommended first-line hormonal therapies for the management of endometriosisrelated pain are combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) or the 52mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (IUS)...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917286/quality-assessment-of-uterine-artery-doppler-measurement-in-first-trimester-combined-screening-for-pre-eclampsia
#6
Daniel L Rolnik, Fabricio da Silva Costa, Daljit Sahota, Jon Hyett, Andrew McLennan
AIM: To assess the quality of mean uterine artery pulsatility index (UtAPI) measurement in a first trimester pre-eclampsia screening program. METHODS: Consecutive patients attending first trimester screening for fetal chromosomal abnormalities also had combined screening for pre-eclampsia based on the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm, in a large practice in Sydney, Australia, from May 2014 to February 2017. Distributions of mean UtAPI multiples of the median (MoM) on the logarithmic scale were plotted in relation to the normal median with 95% confidence interval (CI) for each operator and for each month...
June 19, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917285/comparison-of-carotid-doppler-ultrasound-to-other-angiographic-modalities-in-the-measurement-of-carotid-artery-stenosis
#7
Matthew Boyko, Hayrapet Kalashyan, Harald Becher, Helen Romanchuk, Maher Saqqur, Jeremy L Rempel, Carol Derksen, Ashfaq Shuaib, Khurshid Khan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare Doppler ultrasound (DUS) to other angiographic modalities: computed tomography angiography (CTA), magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). METHODS: All DUS studies performed at Stroke Prevention Clinic (SPC) from 2011 to 2013 and referred for further angiographic modalities were included. Patients were excluded if the corresponding angiographic modality was not performed within 6 months of DUS...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915779/pre-operative-spermatic-cord-ultrasonography-helps-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-metachronous-inguinal-hernia-in-boys
#8
Shoujiang Huang, Xiuzhen Yang, Canping Li, Yunzhong Qian, Zhengyan Zhao, Jianfeng Liang
Background/purpose: Thickening of the spermatic cord is a clinical sign of an inguinal hernia. We therefore tested whether pre-operative spermatic cord ultrasonography could reduce the incidence of metachronous inguinal hernia (MIH). Methods: Boys under 2 years old with an initial unilateral inguinal hernia were enrolled in this study. In whom the width of the asymptomatic-sided spermatic cord was ≥0.5 cm, these patients underwent contralateral groin exploration. Age at initial operation, weight, initial operation side, the sonographic width of the spermatic cord, the operative findings and presence of MIH were recorded, and the relationship among them was studied...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914233/acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-of-biopsy-proven-kikuchi-disease-initial-experiences-for-evaluating-feasibility-in-pediatric-patients
#9
Jeong-Min Lee, Jae-Yeon Hwang, Jihyun Bae, Mae Ran Kim, Yong-Woo Kim, Su Eun Park, Jeong A Yeom, Jieun Roh
Purpose: This study evaluated the feasibility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography and characterized the sonographic features of lymph nodes (LNs) with Kikuchi disease in pediatric patients. Methods: Seventy-six cervical LN biopsies were performed for the diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy. ARFI imaging was performed, and the characteristic ultrasound features of the biopsied LNs and the contralateral LNs were analyzed. We also reviewed clinical and conventional ultrasonographic findings...
April 24, 2018: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912727/ultrasound-imaging-for-sarcopenia-spasticity-and-painful-muscle-syndromes
#10
Levent Özçakar, Ayşe Merve Ata, Bayram Kaymak, Murat Kara, Dinesh Kumbhare
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: On the basis of its various advantages and the relevant awareness of physicians, ultrasound imaging has overwhelmingly taken its place in the scientific arena. This is true both from the side of daily clinical applications and also from the side of research. Yet, ultrasound provides real-time (diagnostic) imaging and (interventional) guidance for a wide spectrum of muscle disorders. In this regard, this review aims to discuss the potential/actual utility of ultrasound imaging in particular muscle disorders, that is, sarcopenia, spasticity and fibromyalgia/myofascial pain syndrome...
June 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911284/lung-and-diaphragm-ultrasound-as-predictors-of-success-in-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation
#11
Eva Tenza-Lozano, Ana Llamas-Alvarez, Enrique Jaimez-Navarro, Javier Fernández-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Lung and diaphragm ultrasound methods have recently been introduced to predict the outcome of weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV). The aim of this study is to assess the reliability and accuracy of these techniques for predicting successful weaning in critically ill adults. METHODS: We conducted two studies: a cross-sectional interobserver agreement study between two sonographers and a prospective cohort study to assess the accuracy of lung and diaphragm ultrasound for predicting weaning and extubation outcome...
June 18, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910579/bedside-ultrasonography-screening-for-congenital-renal-anomalies-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases-undergoing-cardiac-repair
#12
Hussam K Hamadah, Omar Hijazi, Mohammad A Faraji, Mohamed S Kabbani
Introduction: Ultrasound (US) assessment of renal anomalies in children requiring pediatric cardiac surgery is not a standard practice. This study is highlighting the role of bedside US performed by intensivist to detect occult renal anomalies associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods: A cross sectional study for 100 consecutive children with CHD admitted to Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (PCICU) in 2015. US of kidneys screening was performed by trained pediatric cardiac intensivists to ascertain the presence of both kidneys in renal fossae without gross anomalies and to investigate if early detection of occult kidney anomaly would have any impact on outcome...
April 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908373/validation-of-diagnostic-tests-for-histologic-chorioamnionitis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Claudia Patricia Cataño Sabogal, Javier Fonseca, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of different diagnostic tests for histologic chorioamnionitis in patients at more than 20 weeks of gestation. METHODS: A systematic search was carried out through MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, CENTRAL and unpublished literature. Observational studies included with pregnant women (>20 weeks) with chorioamnionitis. The reference standard was the histopathological study of the placenta, umbilical cord and fetal membranes...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908296/sonographically-guided-plantaris-tendon-release-a-cadaveric-validation-study
#14
Jay Smith, Håkan Alfredson, Lorenzo Masci, Jacob L Sellon, Charonn D Woods
BACKGROUND: The plantaris tendon (PT) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of symptoms in a subset of patients with Achilles region pain syndromes and has been traditionally managed via open surgical resection. Although the PT can be visualized on ultrasound, a minimally invasive technique for sonographically guided PT release has not been formally described. OBJECTIVE: To validate a technique to perform sonographically guided PT release in an unembalmed cadaveric model...
June 13, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903639/focused-transthoracic-echocardiography-curriculum-for-advanced-practice-providers-assures-good-concordance-with-intensivists-at-echocardiography
#15
Jose L Diaz-Gomez, Ami A Grek, Carla P Venegas-Borsellino, Andreea C Chirila, Angela M Builes, Robert A Ratzlaff
OBJECTIVE: To describe a focused transthoracic echocardiography (FoTE) curriculum for advanced practice providers (APPs) for echocardiography-driven diagnosis of shock in critically ill patients. METHODS: Twelve APPs in 4 intensive care units at an academic medical center received didactic sessions on FoTE, including 1-on-1 proctorship with a registered cardiac sonographer. For a period of 6 months the trainees performed individual studies, then they performed FoTE examinations on critically ill patients; their diagnoses were compared with those of experienced intensivists for the same patients...
June 11, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903479/computer-aided-prediction-model-for-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-using-tumor-morphological-and-textural-features-on-ultrasound
#16
Woo Kyung Moon, I-Ling Chen, Ann Yi, Min Sun Bae, Sung Ui Shin, Ruey-Feng Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Axillary lymph node (ALN) status is a key indicator in assessing and determining the treatment strategy for patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Previous studies suggest that sonographic features of a primary tumor have the potential to predict ALN status in the preoperative staging of breast cancer. In this study, a computer-aided prediction (CAP) model as well as the tumor features for ALN metastasis in breast cancers were developed using breast ultrasound (US) images...
August 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903440/ultrasound-and-ct-of-the-posterior-fossa-in-neonates
#17
Elizabeth Snyder, Misun Hwang, Bruno P Soares, Aylin Tekes
Ultrasound, CT and MRI may all be used in the evaluation of the posterior fossa in neonates depending on the clinical scenario. Ultrasonography is particularly valuable for the evaluation of the neonatal brain because of the lack of ionizing radiation and the ability to perform exams at the bedside and, importantly, advancements in ultrasound technology now allow for diagnostic-quality imaging. While CT is still the initial imaging modality of choice in most neurologic emergencies, in the neonate, ultrasound is the first line in nontraumatic emergencies...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901651/intraoperative-sonography-may-reduce-the-risk-of-extensor-pollicis-longus-tendon-injury-during-dorsal-entry-elastic-intramedullary-nailing-of-the-radius-in-children
#18
Marcell Varga, Nikoletta Gáti, Tamás Kassai, Szilvia Papp, Sándor Pintér
Extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) injury is a potential complication of dorsal entry radial elastic nailing technique in children. The aim of this study was to investigate if intraoperative ultrasonographic guidance can reduce the risk of (EPL) injury.Correlation between sonographic and operative findings were examined first in 6 adult cadavers. Position of Lister's tubercle, EPL, and extraosseal end of the elastic nail were detected by ultrasound imaging during a minimally invasive dorsal entry nailing...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901629/sonographic-assessment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-diabetic-patients-with-and-without-polyneuropathy
#19
Mamdouh Ali Kotb, Mohamed Abdelmohsen Bedewi, Nasser M Aldossary, Gehan Mahmoud, Moheyeldeen Fathi Naguib
The objective of this study is to determine whether the cross sectional area (CSA) measurement of the median nerve at the wrist differ between carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in diabetic patients with and without diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN).This study included 44 patients with type II diabete millitus (DM) with CTS, 32 patients with CTS and DPN, 46 patients with idiopathic CTS, and 42 healthy subjects. Ultrasonographic measurement of the CSA of the median nerve was made at the level of the wrist, together with nerve conduction studies...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900179/chest-ultrasonography-to-assess-the-kinetics-and-efficacy-of-talc-pleurodesis-in-a-model-of-pneumothorax-an-experimental-animal-study
#20
Rachid Tazi-Mezalek, Diane Frankel, Marc Fortin, Elise Kaspi, Julien Guinde, Alexandra Assolen, Sophie Laroumagne, Andree Robaglia, Herve Dutau, Patrice Roll, Philippe Astoul
Talc pleurodesis is used to avoid recurrences in malignant pleural effusions or pneumothorax. The lack of lung sliding detected by chest ultrasonography (CUS) after talc application is indicative of the effectiveness of pleurodesis. The objective of our study was to explore, in an animal model, the capacity of CUS to predict the quality of a symphysis induced by talc poudrage (TP) and talc slurry (TS). We induced an artificial pneumothorax in six healthy pigs prior to talc application. TP was performed on one hemithorax, followed by TS on the other side 1 week later...
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
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