keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Forensic psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628826/different-yet-similar-prisoners-versus-psychiatric-patients%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-comparison-of-their-mental-health
#1
S Otte, N Vasic, S Nigel, J Streb, T Ross, C Spitzer, H J Grabe, M Dudeck
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that prisoners have severe psychological distress. To assess their distress level and potential need for treatment, the present study compared the subjective psychological distress of long- and short-term prisoners with that of psychiatric and forensic patients. METHODS: Long- (n=98) and short-term prisoners (n=94) and forensic (n=102) and psychiatric (n=199) patients completed the German versions of the Symptom Checklist Revised (SCL-90-R) and Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)...
April 26, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619308/what-the-public-think-about-hypnosis-and-hypnotherapy-a-narrative-review-of-literature-covering-opinions-and-attitudes-of-the-general-public-1996-2016
#2
REVIEW
Matthew Krouwel, Kate Jolly, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To describe the public's understanding of hypnosis and openness to hypnotherapy. METHODS: A comprehensive search of English language peer reviewed journal articles from 1st January 1996-11th March 2016 was performed over 9 databases (Medline, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, Embase (excerpta medica), PsychInfo, Cochrane, Science citation index-expanded, Conference citation index) and a title-only search of Google scholar. 39 keyword combinations were employed: hypnosis, hypnotherapy, hypnotic, perception, beliefs, knowledge, view, opinion and understanding, in singular and plural where appropriate...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613018/a-pilot-study-on-the-chinese-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-in-detecting-feigned-mental-disorders-simulators-classified-by-using-the-structured-interview-of-reported-symptoms
#3
Yi-Ting Chang, Wai-Cheong C Tam, Yung-Jong Shiah, Shih-Kuang Chiang
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is often used in forensic psychological/psychiatric assessment. This was a pilot study on the utility of the Chinese MMPI-2 in detecting feigned mental disorders. The sample consisted of 194 university students who were either simulators (informed or uninformed) or controls. All the participants were administered the Chinese MMPI-2 and the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2). The results of the SIRS-2 were utilized to classify the participants into the feigning or control groups...
June 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#4
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609206/predicting-recidivism-among-internet-child-sex-sting-offenders-using-psychological-language-analysis
#5
Michelle Drouin, Ryan L Boyd, Miriam Greidanus Romaneli
In this study, we examined the extent to which computerized linguistic analysis of natural language data from chat transcripts of Internet child sex stings predicted recidivism among 334 convicted offenders. Using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) program, we found that reoffenders (including simultaneous and previous offenders) differed significantly from nonreoffenders in measures of clout (a composite measure of social dominance) and percentage of words used in the following linguistic categories: cognitive processes, personal pronoun use, insight, time, and ingestion...
June 13, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594221/field-reliability-of-competency-and-sanity-opinions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Lucy A Guarnera, Daniel C Murrie
We know surprisingly little about the interrater reliability of forensic psychological opinions, even though courts and other authorities have long called for known error rates for scientific procedures admitted as courtroom testimony. This is particularly true for opinions produced during routine practice in the field, even for some of the most common types of forensic evaluations-evaluations of adjudicative competency and legal sanity. To address this gap, we used meta-analytic procedures and study space methodology to systematically review studies that examined the interrater reliability-particularly the field reliability-of competency and sanity opinions...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594204/taking-forensic-mental-health-assessment-out-of-the-lab-and-into-the-real-world-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-the-field-utility-of-forensic-assessment-instruments-and-procedures
#7
John F Edens, Marcus T Boccaccini
The last several decades have seen a major upswing in the development and use of psychological assessment instruments in forensic and correctional settings. At the same time, admissibility standards increasingly have stressed the importance of the reliability and validity of evidence in legal proceedings. Recent research has, however, raised serious concerns about (a) the reliability of forensic science evidence in general, (b) the replicability of psychological research findings in general and in field settings especially, and (c) the interrater reliability and predictive validity of forensic psychological assessment evidence in particular...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577117/teaching-psychological-assessments-to-forensic-psychiatry-fellows-a-practical-guide
#8
Charles L Scott, Barbara E McDermott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568767/self-reported-mental-health-issues-among-arrestees-in-the-paris-france-area
#9
Camille Vidal, Aude Lepresle, Patrick Chariot
We studied (May-September 2014) all arrestees who reported mental health issues during the medical examination performed by a forensic physician for the assessment of fitness for detention. Among 4814 arrestees, 420 (9%) reported a current mental health issue. The suspected crimes among arrestees reporting a current mental health issue were more often related to violent behaviors (physical assault, 23% vs. 16%, p < 0.001, sexual assault, 3% vs. 1%, p = 0.01) and less often drug offenses (18% vs. 29%, p < 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540038/effectiveness-of-paliperidone-depot-injection-in-seriously-violent-men-with-comorbid-schizophrenia-and-dissocial-personality-disorder-in-a-uk-high-security-hospital
#10
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Fintan Larkin, Callum C Ross, Nitin Gupta, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: High-security hospital patients are often complex in presentation and are characterized by treatment resistance, medication nonadherence and history of violence. Paliperidone is licensed both as an oral and depot antipsychotic medication in the treatment of schizophrenia. Clinical trials have shown that paliperidone depot is well tolerated with similar efficacy to risperidone depot but with additional practical advantages. Whilst data exist for the effectiveness of paliperidone palmitate (PP), there are no studies involving patients in forensic settings or those with comorbid personality disorder...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#11
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494160/forensic-psychological-assessment-in-forensic-practice-case-studies-by-c-de-ruiter-and-n-kaser-boyd
#12
Giselle A Hass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492166/-violence-in-schools-prospective-study-conducted-in-an-emergency-reception-center-for-victims-of-aggression
#13
O Dubourg, J Hiquet, P Saint-Martin, E Christin, J Fougas, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Although violence in schools is quite well conveyed in the media, the French literature data remain patchy, and the figures available arise mainly from surveys of victimization. This study had two main purposes: to add to the national epidemiological data on this phenomenon and to emphasize the actions that can be undertaken by the practitioner facing such events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that was conducted from September 1st, 2014, to June 30, 2015, in a single center, the CAUVA, an emergency center within the Bordeaux University Hospital for victims of assault...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446961/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-when-sleepwalking-review-and-reconceptualisation
#14
REVIEW
Helen M Stallman, Andrea Bari
SUMMARY: Violence towards others during sleepwalking is relatively uncommon, but can result in serious injury or even death. Much of the research in this field has focused on the forensic consequences of violence during sleepwalking without sufficient attention to an understanding of the risk factors for violence during sleepwalking and the development of prevention and interventions based on these risk factors. This paper reviews the characteristics of impulsive violence in general and reconceptualises violence during sleepwalking as an extension of this prior vulnerability...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421573/-forensic-flexible-assertive-community-treatment-client-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes
#15
L Neijmeijer, J Verwoerd, M van Vugt, C Place, H Kroon
BACKGROUND: (Flexible) Assertive community treatment ((f)act) is applied increasingly to forensic psychiatric clients. However, evidence about the effectiveness of forensic (f)act is scanty. AIM: To investigate to what extent (subgroups of) clients receiving care from forensic (f)act teams show, after a year, changes in their social and psychological functioning and are subjected to fewer justicial outcome measures. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2011, eight forensic (f)act teams collected, at two measurement moments separated by an average of 12 months, data relating to client characteristics and outcomes of care...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368171/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-markers-of-future-suicidal-behavior-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#16
Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire, Danielle Burchett
Past research indicates a need to integrate objective psychological testing with clinical interview data during suicide risk assessment. The current study evaluated the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the prediction of future suicidal behaviors in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients (807 males, 303 females). Results indicated that scales from all substantive domains of the MMPI-2-RF were significantly positively associated with future suicidal behaviors...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366496/ptsd-in-court-iii-malingering-assessment-and-the-law
#17
REVIEW
Gerald Young
This journal's third article on PTSD in Court focuses especially on the topic's "court" component. It first considers the topic of malingering, including in terms of its definition, certainties, and uncertainties. As with other areas of the study of psychological injury and law, generally, and PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder), specifically, malingering is a contentious area not only definitionally but also empirically, in terms of establishing its base rate in the index populations assessed in the field...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289365/br%C3%A3-lologie-et-m%C3%A3-decine-l%C3%A3-gale-les-victimes-d%C3%A2-incendie
#18
R Costagliola, J-P Campana, M Costagliola
During a judicial inquiry, the forensic doctor is frequently required to examine the hospitalized fire victim. He has to produce a certificate on the burns, defining their origin, seriousness and prognosis. The expert assessment of serious burn victims consists in an overall evaluation of functional and psychological sequelae, and can be conducted only after the long period of treatment needed for them to heal. The expert must know the forensic rules concerning the specific features of sequelae that follow a cutaneous burn injury...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284440/thinking-forensics-cognitive-science-for-forensic-practitioners
#19
REVIEW
Gary Edmond, Alice Towler, Bethany Growns, Gianni Ribeiro, Bryan Found, David White, Kaye Ballantyne, Rachel A Searston, Matthew B Thompson, Jason M Tangen, Richard I Kemp, Kristy Martire
Human factors and their implications for forensic science have attracted increasing levels of interest across criminal justice communities in recent years. Initial interest centred on cognitive biases, but has since expanded such that knowledge from psychology and cognitive science is slowly infiltrating forensic practices more broadly. This article highlights a series of important findings and insights of relevance to forensic practitioners. These include research on human perception, memory, context information, expertise, decision-making, communication, experience, verification, confidence, and feedback...
March 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276597/an-international-perspective-on-feigned-mental-disabilities-conceptual-issues-and-continuing-controversies
#20
Thomas Merten, Richard Rogers
In forensic contexts, an increased prevalence of feigned symptom presentations should be expected, although it will probably vary by the context and specific forensic issue. Forensic experts should examine this possibility proactively while maintaining a balanced perspective that actively considers clinical data for both feigning and genuine responding. Psychological measures and standardized methods developed for feigning and other response styles can facilitate these often complex determinations. The current article provides an international perspective on the issue of feigned mental disabilities...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
keyword
keyword
13852
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"