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Violent recidivism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907235/the-2d-4d-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-the-risk-of-recidivism-after-court-mandated-intervention-program-for-intimate-partner-violence-perpetrators
#1
Angel Romero-Martínez, Marisol Lila, Luis Moya-Albiol
Differences in aggressive behavior could be partially explained by differential prenatal exposure to testosterone (T). A peripheral marker of prenatal T exposure is the 2D:4D ratio, which has shown a negative correlation with self-reported aggression in violent men. This study tested the direct association of the 2D:4D ratio with anger expression and the risk of recidivism in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators after psychotherapeutic intervention program. The sample consisted of IPV perpetrators, whose 2D:4D ratio was measured before the intervention...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806416/-treatment-and-recidivism-of-patients-convicted-for-homicide-after-release-from-a-forensic-psychiatry-for-addiction-treatment
#2
C Maaß, A Wettermann, D Schläfke
The forensic clinic for addiction treatment in Rostock is a forensic institution for patients who committed crimes under the influence of psychotropic substances. Regardless of the severity of the offence, patients receive different kinds of treatment depending on the therapy program. Criminal recidivism can be seen as one of the most important factors to validate success in treatment. Due to this purpose, an extensive recidivism study including all former patients from 2001 to 2012 was conducted at our clinic...
October 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754939/the-utility-of-post-conviction-polygraph-testing-among-sexual-offenders
#3
Elizabeth Elliott, Birgit Vollm
It is often difficult to ascertain the true extent and nature of sexually deviant behavior, as much relies on self-report or historic information. The polygraph has been proposed as a useful tool in the treatment and supervision of sex offenders. The current review aims to provide a coherent, objective, and recent synthesis of evaluation studies exploring the utility of the post-conviction polygraph (PCSOT) in the treatment and management of sexual offenders. This was assessed based on offense recidivism rates and disclosure; self-reported utility was also considered...
October 17, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747920/post-incarceration-recidivism-of-lone-versus-group-juvenile-homicide-offenders
#4
Norair Khachatryan, Kathleen M Heide, Jordyn Rad, Erich V Hummel
Killings by juvenile homicide offenders (JHOs) who use accomplices have been increasing since the 1980s and currently represent approximately half of juvenile arrests for murder in the United States. Nevertheless, prior research has not compared JHOs who kill alone with JHOs who kill in groups. The present research followed up 30 years later on a sample of 59 male murderers and attempted murderers sentenced to adult prison. This study was designed to analyze whether lone and group JHOs differed on pre-incarceration, incarceration, and post-incarceration variables...
October 17, 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745884/a-3-year-follow-up-study-of-swedish-youths-committed-to-juvenile-institutions-frequent-occurrence-of-criminality-and-health-care-use-regardless-of-drug-abuse
#5
Ola Ståhlberg, Sofia Boman, Christina Robertsson, Nóra Kerekes, Henrik Anckarsäter, Thomas Nilsson
This 3-year follow-up study compares background variables, extent of criminality and criminal recidivism in the form of all court convictions, the use of inpatient care, and number of early deaths in Swedish institutionalized adolescents (N=100) with comorbid substance use disorders (SUD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (n=25) versus those with SUD but no ADHD (n=30), and those without SUD (n=45). In addition it aims to identify whether potential risk factors related to these groups are associated with persistence in violent criminality...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706372/cessation-of-dangerousness-status-an-analysis-of-224-reports-from-the-instituto-de-per%C3%A3-cias-heitor-carrilho-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#6
Gustavo C Oliveira, Alexandre M Valença, Talvane M de Moraes, Mauro V Mendlowicz, Miles C Forrest, Fred F Batista, Gabriella A Mendes, Tiago N Lima, Vinicius R Gonçalves, Kátia Mecler
Objectives: To evaluate factors related to dangerousness cessation at the end of involuntary commitment based on an analysis of expert reports. In light of the current legal requirement of dangerousness cessation as a pre-requisite for prison or internment release of individuals subjected to the safety measure, we sought elements to reflect on the practice of expert examiners in charge of making this decision. Methods: The authors revised 224 expert psychiatric dangerousness cessation reports released 2011 through 2014 and collected data for a statistical analysis...
September 29, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701993/mentally-disordered-offenders-in-sweden-differentiating-recidivists-fromnon-recidivists-in-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#7
Hedvig Krona, Marielle Nyman, Helena Andreasson, Nicolas Vicencio, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Thomas Nilsson, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Forensic psychiatric patients present a challenge as they manifest severe mental disorders together with criminal behaviour. There are well-known risk factors for criminal behaviour in the general population, yet knowledge of what predicts reconviction in the Swedish forensic population in the long-term perspective is still insufficient. AIMS: The study aims to (1) describe background and clinical characteristics of forensic psychiatric patients in a 10-year follow-up, (2) analyse risk factors associated with recidivism, and (3) test the predictive validity of risk factors for general and violent criminality...
October 5, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637873/-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-forensic-psychiatry-a-review
#8
D Galland, I Tisserant, L Notardonato
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common and challenging childhood neurobehavioral disorders. ADHD may have behavioral consequences and involvements in minor and serious crimes. Our work aims to establish links between ADHD and forensic psychiatry. METHODS: A review of international scientific literature concerning the relationship between ADHD and forensic psychiatry was conducted using the PudMed electronic database...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531703/factors-predicting-desistance-from-reoffending-a-validation-study-of-the-saprof-in-sexual-offenders
#9
Dahlnym Yoon, Daniel Turner, Verena Klein, Martin Rettenberger, Reinhard Eher, Peer Briken
The present study aims at validating the German version of the Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors (SAPROF) for violence risk in a representative sample of incarcerated adult male sexual offenders. Sexual offenders (n = 450) were rated retrospectively with the SAPROF using the database of the Federal Evaluation Centre for Violent and Sexual Offenders (FECVSO) in the Austrian Prison System. Interrater reliability and predictive validity of the SAPROF scores concerning desistance from recidivism were calculated...
August 16, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521763/exposure-to-violence-typology-and-recidivism-in-a-probation-sample-of-domestic-violence-perpetrators
#10
Drew R Fowler, Arthur L Cantos, Steven A Miller
The present study investigated the predictive utility of self-reported domestic violence perpetrators' exposure to violence in their family of origin and patterns related to this exposure through the use of longitudinal analyses on a sample of 228 men on probation in Lake County, Illinois. Differences in typology, recidivism, recidivism frequency, and violent behavior survival patterns in men with a history of domestic violence perpetration and with varying levels of family of origin violence exposure were examined...
September 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504643/the-predictive-validity-of-the-two-tiered-violence-risk-estimates-scale-ttv-in-a-long-term-follow-up-of-violent-offenders
#11
Frances P Churcher, Jeremy F Mills, Adelle E Forth
Over the past few decades many structured risk appraisal measures have been created to respond to this need. The Two-Tiered Violence Risk Estimates Scale (TTV) is a measure designed to integrate both an actuarial estimate of violence risk with critical risk management indicators. The current study examined interrater reliability and the predictive validity of the TTV in a sample of violent offenders (n = 120) over an average follow-up period of 17.75 years. The TTV was retrospectively scored and compared with the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG), the Statistical Information of Recidivism Scale-Revised (SIR-R1), and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R)...
August 2016: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504642/the-increasing-influence-of-risk-assessment-on-forensic-patient-review-board-decisions
#12
N Zoe Hilton, Alexander I Simpson, Elke Ham
Previous studies of decisions about forensic patients' placement in secure hospitals indicate some changes over time in the use of empirically supported risk factors. Our aim was to investigate whether, in more recent cases, risk assessment instruments were cited by a forensic patient review board or by the clinicians who made recommendations to the board and whether there was evidence of an association between risk assessment results and either dispositions or recommendations. Among review board hearings held in 2009-2012 pertaining to 63 different maximum security patients found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder in Ontario, Canada, dispositions were most strongly associated with psychiatrists' testimony, consistent with previous studies...
August 2016: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455899/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-type-of-offending-and-recidivism-in-a-prison-population-the-role-of-substance-dependence
#13
Jan C Román-Ithier, Rafael A González, María C Vélez-Pastrana, Gloria M González-Tejera, Carmen E Albizu-García
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether adult offenders with a history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to re-offend, and if so, in any specific offences. AIM: This study aimed to examine correlates of childhood ADHD symptoms among prisoners. METHODS: A randomly selected sample of 1179 participants from the adult sentenced population of Puerto Rico (USA) reported their history of violent and non-violent offences, age of first arrest and re-offending...
July 26, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451895/risk-factors-for-recurrent-violent-injury-among-black-men
#14
Joseph B Richardson, Christopher St Vil, Tanya Sharpe, Michael Wagner, Carnell Cooper
BACKGROUND: Black men are disproportionately overrepresented among victims of repeat violent injury. However, little is known about the risk factors that influence violent trauma recidivism among black men. We hypothesize that the following risk factors would be significant among black male victims of repeat violent injury: disrespect; being under the influence; being in a fight and using a weapon in the past year; and previous incarceration when comparing trauma recidivists versus nonrecidivists...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372881/the-predictive-validity-of-common-risk-assessment-tools-in-men-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-problematic-sexual-behaviors
#15
J Paul Fedoroff, Deborah Richards, Rebekah Ranger, Susan Curry
This CIHR-funded study examined whether certain current risk assessment tools were effective in appraising risk of recidivism in a sample of sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID). Fifty men with ID who had engaged in problematic sexual behavior (PSB) were followed for an average of 2.5 years. Recidivism was defined and measured as any illegal or problematic behavior, as well as any problematic but not necessarily illegal behavior. At the beginning of the study, each participant was rated on two risk assessment tools: the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG) and the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG)...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371531/recidivism-patterns-among-two-types-of-juvenile-homicide-offenders-a-30-year-follow-up-study
#16
Norair Khachatryan, Kathleen M Heide, Erich V Hummel
Although juvenile homicide has been a matter of concern in the United States since the 1980s, prior research has not addressed long-term recidivism patterns for convicted juvenile murderers. Furthermore, a prominent juvenile homicide typology had not previously been tested with U.S. offenders. The present study examined whether juvenile offenders who killed or attempted to kill during the commission of a crime differed from those who killed due to some type of conflict on pre-incarceration, incarceration, and post-incarceration variables...
July 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274714/violent-and-nonviolent-youth-offenders-preliminary-evidence-on-group-subtypes
#17
Violet Lai, Gerald Zeng, Chi Meng Chu
Youth violence is a costly social problem. This study compared the risk and needs of nonviolent youth offenders, with those who had committed violent offenses only (violent only) and those who had committed violent and nonviolent offenses (violent plus) to determine whether violent youth were a different "type" from nonviolent youth. The case files of 3,744 youth offenders (3,327 males and 417 females, between 12 and 18 years old) were retrospectively coded, before official recidivism records were obtained...
July 2016: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262037/zeroing-in-on-violent-recidivism-among-released-prisoners
#18
Matt DeLisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256002/conditional-release-of-forensic-psychiatric-patients-consistent-with-or-contrary-to-behavioral-experts-recommendations-in-the-netherlands-prevalence-rates-patient-characteristics-and-recidivism-after-discharge-from-conditional-release
#19
Maria H Nagtegaal, Cyril Boonmann
The present study examined a group of 447 Dutch forensic psychiatric patients on conditional release (CR). After a brief overview of the Dutch CR system for forensic psychiatric patients is presented, two sets of factors were studied: factors associated with behavioral experts' recommendations on CR readiness (prevalence rates of recommendations in contrast to or consistent with the judge's decision on CR, written vs. oral recommendations and consensus among parties); and characteristics of forensic psychiatric patients on CR imposed consistent with or contrary to behavioral experts' recommendations (i...
March 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254017/use-of-the-violence-risk-scale-sexual-offender-version-and-the-stable-2007-to-assess-dynamic-sexual-violence-risk-in-a-sample-of-treated-sexual-offenders
#20
Justina N Sowden, Mark E Olver
The present study provides an examination of dynamic sexual violence risk featuring the Stable-2007 (Hanson, Harris, Scott, & Helmus, 2007) and the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offender version (VRS-SO; Wong, Olver, Nicholaichuk, & Gordon, 2003) in a Canadian sample of 180 federally incarcerated sexual offenders who attended a high-intensity sexual offender treatment program. Archival pretreatment and posttreatment ratings were completed on the VRS-SO and Stable-2007, and recidivism data were obtained from official criminal records, with the sample being followed up approximately 10 years postrelease...
June 2, 2016: Psychological Assessment
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