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Violent recidivism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797156/the-relation-between-trait-anger-and-impulse-control-in-forensic-psychiatric-patients-an-eeg-study
#1
Marien Lievaart, Frederik M van der Veen, Jorg Huijding, Johannes E Hovens, Ingmar H A Franken
Inhibitory control is considered to be one of the key factors in explaining individual differences in trait anger and reactive aggression. Yet, only a few studies have assessed electroencephalographic (EEG) activity with respect to response inhibition in high trait anger individuals. The main goal of this study was therefore to investigate whether individual differences in trait anger in forensic psychiatric patients are associated with individual differences in anger-primed inhibitory control using behavioral and electrophysiological measures of response inhibition...
May 24, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792506/testing-the-validity-of-criminal-risk-assessment-tools-in-sexually-abusive-youth
#2
Steffen Barra, Cornelia Bessler, Markus A Landolt, Marcel Aebi
Although accurate risk appraisals are mandatory to provide effective treatment to juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs), the current knowledge on the validity of risk assessment instruments for JSOs is inconclusive. We compared the predictive validities of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II (J-SOAP II), the Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism (ERASOR), and the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised (VRAG-R) scores concerning sexual, nonsexual-violent, and general criminal recidivism (based on both official and nonregistered reoffenses) in a consecutive sample of 597 male JSOs (Mage = 14...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756478/outcome-of-serious-violent-offenders-with-psychotic-illness-and-cognitive-disorder-dealt-with-by-the-new-south-wales-criminal-justice-system
#3
Olav Nielssen, Natalia Yl Yee, Kimberlie Dean, Matthew Large
BACKGROUND: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. METHOD: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in the years 2006 and 2007. Rates of re-imprisonment of offenders known to psychotic illness or cognitive disorder (intellectual disability or acquired brain injury) was compared to those not known to have those conditions...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732624/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-skills-programme-for-offenders-with-mental-illness
#4
Drew A Kingston, Mark E Olver, Jared McDonald, Colin Cameron
BACKGROUND: Interventions for offenders with mental illness have tended to be confined to treatment of illness, with the expectation that symptom reduction will be accompanied by reduced criminal recidivism, but recent evidence suggests that other treatment targets may be more effective against recidivism. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a cognitive skills programme (Reasoning and Rehabilitation 2: Short Version for Adults [R&R2]) among offenders with mental illness...
May 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726310/readiness-to-change-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-engagement-and-outcome-for-partner-violent-men
#5
Ana I Maldonado, Christopher M Murphy
Resistance to change has been long recognized as a barrier to successful intervention for partner violent individuals. Using archival data from a community-based intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention program, the current study investigated readiness to change as a predictor of treatment engagement and outcome in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for IPV, and examined whether court referral status, antisocial personality characteristics, and borderline personality characteristics moderate these associations...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708372/using-the-violence-risk-scale-sexual-offense-version-in-sexual-violence-risk-assessments-updated-risk-categories-and-recidivism-estimates-from-a-multisite-sample-of-treated-sexual-offenders
#6
Mark E Olver, James C Mundt, David Thornton, Sarah M Beggs Christofferson, Drew A Kingston, Justina N Sowden, Terry P Nicholaichuk, Audrey Gordon, Stephen C P Wong
The present study sought to develop updated risk categories and recidivism estimates for the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense version (VRS-SO; Wong, Olver, Nicholaichuk, & Gordon, 2003-2017), a sexual offender risk assessment and treatment planning tool. The overarching purpose was to increase the clarity and accuracy of communicating risk assessment information that includes a systematic incorporation of new information (i.e., change) to modify risk estimates. Four treated samples of sexual offenders with VRS-SO pretreatment, posttreatment, and Static-99R ratings were combined with a minimum follow-up period of 10-years postrelease (N = 913)...
April 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595368/the-care-of-patients-using-methamphetamine-in-the-emergency-department-perception-of-nurses-residents-and-faculty
#7
John R Richards, J Adam Hawkins, Eric W Acevedo, Erik G Laurin
BACKGROUND: To determine differences in perception between nurses, residents, and faculty regarding characteristics and treatment of patients who use methamphetamine (meth). METHODS: Survey study performed at an urban, university Level I trauma medical center. RESULTS: A total of 80 nurses, 39 residents, and 45 faculty completed the survey. All groups agreed that meth was a significant problem nationwide and in our emergency department (ED)...
March 29, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504484/responsive-aggression-regulation-therapy-re-art-an-evaluation-study-in-a-dutch-juvenile-justice-institution-in-terms-of-recidivism
#8
Larissa M Hoogsteder, Geert-Jan J M Stams, Eveline E Schippers, Daphne Bonnes
This article describes a quasi-experimental study of the effectiveness of Responsive Aggression Regulation Therapy (Re-ART) in terms of recidivism for 16- to 21-year-old juveniles with aggression problems and high risk of recidivism. In a Dutch juvenile justice institution, an experimental group received Re-ART ( n = 63, Re-ART group) and a waitlist control group received Treatment as Usual ( n = 28, TAU group). Results indicated that Re-ART is significantly more effective than TAU in reducing the juveniles' recidivism risk for violent offending...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469581/a-comprehensive-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-hare-psychopathy-checklist-revised-in-a-canadian-multisite-sample-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-offenders
#9
Mark E Olver, Craig S Neumann, Lindsay A Sewall, Kathy Lewis, Robert D Hare, Stephen C P Wong
The present study examined the psychometric properties of Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003) scores in a multisite sample of 1,163 federally incarcerated Canadian indigenous and non-indigenous offenders from the Prairie Region of the Correctional Service of Canada. The research occurred against the backdrop of the Ewert v. Canada (2015) matter, in which the PCL-R was originally impugned in Federal Court for use with indigenous persons (later overturned in Canada v. Ewert, 2016). Indigenous men scored higher than non-indigenous men on most components of the PCL-R and had higher rates of recidivism, irrespective of follow-up...
February 22, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405755/dynamic-risk-assessment-of-sexual-offenders-validity-and-dimensional-structure-of-the-stable-2007
#10
Sonja Etzler, Reinhard Eher, Martin Rettenberger
In this study, the predictive and incremental validity of the Stable-2007 beyond the Static-99 was evaluated in an updated sample of N = 638 adult male sexual offenders followed-up for an average of M = 8.2 years. Data were collected at the Federal Evaluation Center for Violent and Sexual Offenders (FECVSO) in Austria within a prospective-longitudinal research design. Scores and risk categories of the Static-99 (AUC = .721; p < .001) and of the Stable-2007 (AUC = .623, p = .005) were found to be significantly related to sexual recidivism...
February 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392973/the-impact-of-participation-in-victim-offender-mediation-sessions-on-recidivism-of-serious-offenders
#11
Lynn Stewart, Jennie Thompson, Janelle N Beaudette, Manon Buck, Renée Laframboise, Tania Petrellis
The federal correctional agency in Canada offers victim-offender mediation services to address serious crime. The current study used survival analysis to compare revocation rates of 122 offenders who participated in facilitated face-to-face meetings to a matched sample of 122 of non-participants. Results indicated that there was no significant difference between revocation rates when offenders participated while incarcerated, although the trend was that participants did better. When the meetings were held in the community post-release, however, participants were significantly more likely to spend a longer period of time under supervision in the community without returning to custody and were less likely to be revoked than their matched counterparts...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294948/the-role-of-adhd-in-predicting-the-development-of-violent-behavior-among-juvenile-offenders-participation-versus-frequency
#12
Thomas W Wojciechowski
Past research has identified attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a risk factor for engagement in violent offending. Despite the link between the disorder and violent offending, this risk factor has yet to be examined as a predictor of heterogeneity in the development of violent offending among juvenile offenders. It is likely that the impulsivity, genetic link, and generally chronic disorder course which are characteristics of the disorder play roles in predicting violent offending, which is consistent with both self-control theory and general developmental theory related to early life deficits and life-course persistent offending...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294786/using-reoffenders-experiences-and-perspectives-to-improve-intimate-partner-violence-treatment
#13
Galina A Portnoy, Christopher M Murphy
A substantial proportion of partner-violent men reoffend subsequent to completing intimate partner violence (IPV) treatment. A critical step in enhancing treatment for IPV perpetration is to understand reoffense among those who recidivate following treatment completion. Investigating reoffenders' own perceptions regarding potential directions for treatment modification may improve overall treatment outcomes. Qualitative research examining the experiences of participants who utilize IPV treatment is limited...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279896/association-of-childhood-blood-lead-levels-with-criminal-offending
#14
Amber L Beckley, Avshalom Caspi, Jonathan Broadbent, Honalee Harrington, Renate M Houts, Richie Poulton, Sandhya Ramrakha, Aaron Reuben, Terrie E Moffitt
Importance: Lead is a neurotoxin with well-documented effects on health. Research suggests that lead may be associated with criminal behavior. This association is difficult to disentangle from low socioeconomic status, a factor in both lead exposure and criminal offending. Objective: To test the hypothesis that a higher childhood blood lead level (BLL) is associated with greater risk of criminal conviction, recidivism (repeat conviction), conviction for violent offenses, and variety of self-reported criminal offending in a setting where BLL was not associated with low socioeconomic status...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188732/parolee-parole-officer-rapport-does-it-impact-recidivism
#15
Alyssa W Chamberlain, Matthew Gricius, Danielle M Wallace, Diana Borjas, Vincent M Ware
Parole officers are an integral part of parolees' reentry process and success. Few studies, however, have examined whether the quality of the relationship between parolees and their parole officer influences outcomes such as recidivism. This study assesses how recidivism is affected by the quality of the relationship that parolees have with their parole officers. Using the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) dataset, we use parolees' perceptions of their relationship with their parole officer to determine whether they have established a positive or negative relationship, and whether these types of relationships differentially affect recidivism...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178452/insane-sex-offenders-psychiatric-and-legal-characteristics-of-sexual-offenders-found-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity
#16
Brian J Holoyda, Barbara E McDermott, William J Newman
There is little known about sexual offenders hospitalized under forensic commitment statutes such as not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI). We conducted a chart review to delineate the demographic, clinical, and legal characteristics of NGRI sexual offenders (n = 68) committed to the California Department of State Hospitals-Napa, including 41 found NGRI for a sexual offense and 27 found NGRI for a nonsexual offense. The two groups did not differ significantly in their demographics, psychiatric diagnoses, victim characteristics, or recidivism risk as measured by the Static-99R...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072473/associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-legal-charges-among-substance-using-veterans
#17
Diana C Bennett, David H Morris, Minden B Sexton, Erin E Bonar, Stephen T Chermack
Substance misuse is prevalent among veterans entering the criminal justice system, and is related to recidivism. Research demonstrates that trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, which commonly co-occur with substance misuse, also increase the risk of legal involvement and recidivism. However, it is unclear whether the associations between trauma, PTS symptoms and violent and nonviolent crime may be conflated by substance use. The aim of the present study was to understand the association between PTS symptoms and criminal justice involvement (both violent and nonviolent crime) among substance-using veterans seeking Veterans Affairs (VA) specialty mental health care after accounting for substance use frequency and demographics including age, gender, and ethnicity...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058945/the-role-of-controlled-substance-use-in-diversion-outcomes-among-mentally-ill-offenders-a-pilot-study
#18
Jennifer K Boland, Barry Rosenfeld
Diversion programs offer opportunities to offenders with substance abuse or mental illness to attend treatment as an alternative to incarceration. The present study identified variables associated with drug relapse and recidivism and the moderating role of substance use on recidivism in a diversion sample. Data were collected from 80 clients with psychotic disorders from a diversion program in New York City. Outcomes were examined after 6 and 12 months of program participation. Individuals who used controlled substances other than alcohol or cannabis were more likely to have a positive toxicology result than those who used alcohol or cannabis only or those with no alcohol/drug history...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816466/a-comparison-of-psychopathology-and-reoffending-in-female-and-male-convicted-firesetters
#19
Lauren Ducat, Troy McEwan, James R P Ogloff
Little is known about the psychopathological or criminal history characteristics of female firesetters, or how often women reoffend by firesetting. The current study is one of the few large-scale longitudinal investigations to compare key psychiatric and offending variables in female and male firesetters who are not incarcerated or known to be mentally disordered. In addition, the study aimed to identify the base rate of recidivism for female firesetters compared with males. The study compared all 143 female and 909 male firesetters convicted of arson and fire-related offenses between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782966/a-cross-validation-of-the-violence-risk-appraisal-guide-revised-vrag-r-within-a-correctional-sample
#20
Anthony J J Glover, Frances P Churcher, Andrew L Gray, Jeremy F Mills, Diane E Nicholson
The Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised (VRAG-R) was developed to replace the original VRAG based on an updated and larger sample with an extended follow-up period. Using a sample of 120 adult male correctional offenders, the current study examined the interrater reliability and predictive and comparative validity of the VRAG-R to the VRAG, the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, the Statistical Information on Recidivism-Revised, and the Two-Tiered Violence Risk Estimate over a follow-up period of up to 22 years postrelease...
August 7, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
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