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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595368/the-care-of-patients-using-methamphetamine-in-the-emergency-department-perception-of-nurses-residents-and-faculty
#1
John R Richards, J Adam Hawkins, Eric W Acevedo, Erik G Laurin
BACKGROUND: To determine differences in perception between nurses, residents, and faculty regarding characteristics and treatment of patients who use methamphetamine (meth). METHODS: Survey study performed at an urban, university Level I trauma medical center. RESULTS: 80 nurses, 39 residents, and 45 faculty completed the survey. All groups agreed meth was a significant problem nationwide and in our emergency department (ED). Nurses estimated 33% of their patients used meth, which differed from residents (18%) and faculty (15%)...
March 29, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504484/responsive-aggression-regulation-therapy-re-art-an-evaluation-study-in-a-dutch-juvenile-justice-institution-in-terms-of-recidivism
#2
Larissa M Hoogsteder, Geert-Jan J M Stams, Eveline E Schippers, Daphne Bonnes
This article describes a quasi-experimental study of the effectiveness of Responsive Aggression Regulation Therapy (Re-ART) in terms of recidivism for 16- to 21-year-old juveniles with aggression problems and high risk of recidivism. In a Dutch juvenile justice institution, an experimental group received Re-ART ( n = 63, Re-ART group) and a waitlist control group received Treatment as Usual ( n = 28, TAU group). Results indicated that Re-ART is significantly more effective than TAU in reducing the juveniles' recidivism risk for violent offending...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469581/a-comprehensive-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-hare-psychopathy-checklist-revised-in-a-canadian-multisite-sample-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-offenders
#3
Mark E Olver, Craig S Neumann, Lindsay A Sewall, Kathy Lewis, Robert D Hare, Stephen C P Wong
The present study examined the psychometric properties of Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003) scores in a multisite sample of 1,163 federally incarcerated Canadian indigenous and non-indigenous offenders from the Prairie Region of the Correctional Service of Canada. The research occurred against the backdrop of the Ewert v. Canada (2015) matter, in which the PCL-R was originally impugned in Federal Court for use with indigenous persons (later overturned in Canada v. Ewert, 2016). Indigenous men scored higher than non-indigenous men on most components of the PCL-R and had higher rates of recidivism, irrespective of follow-up...
February 22, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405755/dynamic-risk-assessment-of-sexual-offenders-validity-and-dimensional-structure-of-the-stable-2007
#4
Sonja Etzler, Reinhard Eher, Martin Rettenberger
In this study, the predictive and incremental validity of the Stable-2007 beyond the Static-99 was evaluated in an updated sample of N = 638 adult male sexual offenders followed-up for an average of M = 8.2 years. Data were collected at the Federal Evaluation Center for Violent and Sexual Offenders (FECVSO) in Austria within a prospective-longitudinal research design. Scores and risk categories of the Static-99 (AUC = .721; p < .001) and of the Stable-2007 (AUC = .623, p = .005) were found to be significantly related to sexual recidivism...
February 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392973/the-impact-of-participation-offenders-participation-in-victim-offender-mediation-sessions-on-recidivism-of-serious-offenders
#5
Lynn Stewart, Jennie Thompson, Janelle N Beaudette, Manon Buck, Renée Laframboise, Tania Petrellis
The federal correctional agency in Canada offers victim-offender mediation services to address serious crime. The current study used survival analysis to compare revocation rates of 122 offenders who participated in facilitated face-to-face meetings to a matched sample of 122 of non-participants. Results indicated that there was no significant difference between revocation rates when offenders participated while incarcerated, although the trend was that participants did better. When the meetings were held in the community post-release, however, participants were significantly more likely to spend a longer period of time under supervision in the community without returning to custody and were less likely to be revoked than their matched counterparts...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294948/the-role-of-adhd-in-predicting-the-development-of-violent-behavior-among-juvenile-offenders-participation-versus-frequency
#6
Thomas W Wojciechowski
Past research has identified attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a risk factor for engagement in violent offending. Despite the link between the disorder and violent offending, this risk factor has yet to be examined as a predictor of heterogeneity in the development of violent offending among juvenile offenders. It is likely that the impulsivity, genetic link, and generally chronic disorder course which are characteristics of the disorder play roles in predicting violent offending, which is consistent with both self-control theory and general developmental theory related to early life deficits and life-course persistent offending...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294786/using-reoffenders-experiences-and-perspectives-to-improve-intimate-partner-violence-treatment
#7
Galina A Portnoy, Christopher M Murphy
A substantial proportion of partner-violent men reoffend subsequent to completing intimate partner violence (IPV) treatment. A critical step in enhancing treatment for IPV perpetration is to understand reoffense among those who recidivate following treatment completion. Investigating reoffenders' own perceptions regarding potential directions for treatment modification may improve overall treatment outcomes. Qualitative research examining the experiences of participants who utilize IPV treatment is limited...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279896/association-of-childhood-blood-lead-levels-with-criminal-offending
#8
Amber L Beckley, Avshalom Caspi, Jonathan Broadbent, Honalee Harrington, Renate M Houts, Richie Poulton, Sandhya Ramrakha, Aaron Reuben, Terrie E Moffitt
Importance: Lead is a neurotoxin with well-documented effects on health. Research suggests that lead may be associated with criminal behavior. This association is difficult to disentangle from low socioeconomic status, a factor in both lead exposure and criminal offending. Objective: To test the hypothesis that a higher childhood blood lead level (BLL) is associated with greater risk of criminal conviction, recidivism (repeat conviction), conviction for violent offenses, and variety of self-reported criminal offending in a setting where BLL was not associated with low socioeconomic status...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188732/parolee-parole-officer-rapport-does-it-impact-recidivism
#9
Alyssa W Chamberlain, Matthew Gricius, Danielle M Wallace, Diana Borjas, Vincent M Ware
Parole officers are an integral part of parolees' reentry process and success. Few studies, however, have examined whether the quality of the relationship between parolees and their parole officer influences outcomes such as recidivism. This study assesses how recidivism is affected by the quality of the relationship that parolees have with their parole officers. Using the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) dataset, we use parolees' perceptions of their relationship with their parole officer to determine whether they have established a positive or negative relationship, and whether these types of relationships differentially affect recidivism...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178452/insane-sex-offenders-psychiatric-and-legal-characteristics-of-sexual-offenders-found-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity
#10
Brian J Holoyda, Barbara E McDermott, William J Newman
There is little known about sexual offenders hospitalized under forensic commitment statutes such as not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI). We conducted a chart review to delineate the demographic, clinical, and legal characteristics of NGRI sexual offenders (n = 68) committed to the California Department of State Hospitals-Napa, including 41 found NGRI for a sexual offense and 27 found NGRI for a nonsexual offense. The two groups did not differ significantly in their demographics, psychiatric diagnoses, victim characteristics, or recidivism risk as measured by the Static-99R...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072473/associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-legal-charges-among-substance-using-veterans
#11
Diana C Bennett, David H Morris, Minden B Sexton, Erin E Bonar, Stephen T Chermack
Substance misuse is prevalent among veterans entering the criminal justice system, and is related to recidivism. Research demonstrates that trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, which commonly co-occur with substance misuse, also increase the risk of legal involvement and recidivism. However, it is unclear whether the associations between trauma, PTS symptoms and violent and nonviolent crime may be conflated by substance use. The aim of the present study was to understand the association between PTS symptoms and criminal justice involvement (both violent and nonviolent crime) among substance-using veterans seeking Veterans Affairs (VA) specialty mental health care after accounting for substance use frequency and demographics including age, gender, and ethnicity...
October 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058945/the-role-of-controlled-substance-use-in-diversion-outcomes-among-mentally-ill-offenders-a-pilot-study
#12
Jennifer K Boland, Barry Rosenfeld
Diversion programs offer opportunities to offenders with substance abuse or mental illness to attend treatment as an alternative to incarceration. The present study identified variables associated with drug relapse and recidivism and the moderating role of substance use on recidivism in a diversion sample. Data were collected from 80 clients with psychotic disorders from a diversion program in New York City. Outcomes were examined after 6 and 12 months of program participation. Individuals who used controlled substances other than alcohol or cannabis were more likely to have a positive toxicology result than those who used alcohol or cannabis only or those with no alcohol/drug history...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816466/a-comparison-of-psychopathology-and-reoffending-in-female-and-male-convicted-firesetters
#13
Lauren Ducat, Troy McEwan, James R P Ogloff
Little is known about the psychopathological or criminal history characteristics of female firesetters, or how often women reoffend by firesetting. The current study is one of the few large-scale longitudinal investigations to compare key psychiatric and offending variables in female and male firesetters who are not incarcerated or known to be mentally disordered. In addition, the study aimed to identify the base rate of recidivism for female firesetters compared with males. The study compared all 143 female and 909 male firesetters convicted of arson and fire-related offenses between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782966/a-cross-validation-of-the-violence-risk-appraisal-guide-revised-vrag-r-within-a-correctional-sample
#14
Anthony J J Glover, Frances P Churcher, Andrew L Gray, Jeremy F Mills, Diane E Nicholson
The Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised (VRAG-R) was developed to replace the original VRAG based on an updated and larger sample with an extended follow-up period. Using a sample of 120 adult male correctional offenders, the current study examined the interrater reliability and predictive and comparative validity of the VRAG-R to the VRAG, the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, the Statistical Information on Recidivism-Revised, and the Two-Tiered Violence Risk Estimate over a follow-up period of up to 22 years postrelease...
August 7, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759531/sexual-offender-treatment-readiness-responsivity-and-change-linkages-to-treatment-completion-and-recidivism
#15
Justina N Sowden, Mark E Olver
This study examined the interrelationship of treatment readiness, responsivity variables, and treatment change to sexual offender treatment outcome, featuring the Treatment Readiness, Responsivity, and Gain Scale: Short Version (TRRG:SV). The sample was composed of 185 Canadian federal offenders who attended a high-intensity sexual offender treatment program and were followed up an average of 9.3 years postrelease. Men with higher levels of education, employment history, and cognitive ability and who were married or equivalent, did not have a serious mental illness or intellectual disability, and were not actuarially high risk tended to show higher levels of treatment engagement across the TRRG:SV subscales...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738789/the-impact-of-indigenous-cultural-identity-and-cultural-engagement-on-violent-offending
#16
Stephane M Shepherd, Rosa Hazel Delgado, Juanita Sherwood, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: Possessing a strong cultural identity has been shown to protect against mental health symptoms and buffer distress prompted by discrimination. However, no research to date has explored the protective influences of cultural identity and cultural engagement on violent offending. This paper investigates the relationships between cultural identity/engagement and violent recidivism for a cohort of Australian Indigenous people in custody. METHODS: A total of 122 adults from 11 prisons in the state of Victoria completed a semi-structured interview comprising cultural identification and cultural engagement material in custody...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658999/predictive-validity-of-the-hkt-r-risk-assessment-tool-two-and-5-year-violent-recidivism-in-a-nationwide-sample-of-dutch-forensic-psychiatric-patients
#17
Stefan Bogaerts, Marinus Spreen, Paul Ter Horst, Coby Gerlsma
This study has examined the predictive validity of the Historical Clinical Future [ Historisch Klinisch Toekomst] Revised risk assessment scheme in a cohort of 347 forensic psychiatric patients, which were discharged between 2004 and 2008 from any of 12 highly secure forensic centers in the Netherlands. Predictive validity was measured 2 and 5 years after release. Official reconviction data obtained from the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice were used as outcome measures. Violent reoffending within 2 and 5 years after discharge was assessed...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637202/adherence-to-antipsychotic-medication-and-criminal-recidivism-in-a-canadian-provincial-offender-population
#18
Stefanie N Rezansoff, Akm Moniruzzaman, Seena Fazel, Lawrence McCandless, Julian M Somers
Preliminary evidence suggests that adherence to antipsychotic medication reduces criminal recidivism among patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. However, existing studies operationalize antipsychotic adherence as a binary variable (usually using a threshold of ≥80%), which does not reflect the prevalence of suboptimal adherence in real-world settings. The purpose of the current analysis was to investigate the association between successive ordinal levels of antipsychotic adherence and criminal recidivism in a well-defined sample of offenders diagnosed with schizophrenia (n = 11462)...
September 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602221/violent-reinjury-risk-assessment-instrument-vrrai-for-hospital-based-violence-intervention-programs
#19
Erik J Kramer, James Dodington, Ava Hunt, Terrell Henderson, Adaobi Nwabuo, Rochelle Dicker, Catherine Juillard
BACKGROUND: Violent injury is the second most common cause of death among 15- to 24-year olds in the US. Up to 58% of violently injured youth return to the hospital with a second violent injury. Hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIPs) have been shown to reduce injury recidivism through intensive case management. However, no validated guidelines for risk assessment strategies in the HVIP setting have been reported. We aimed to use qualitative methods to investigate the key components of risk assessments employed by HVIP case managers and to propose a risk assessment model based on this qualitative analysis...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594209/use-of-structured-professional-judgment-by-probation-officers-to-assess-risk-for-recidivism-in-adolescent-offenders
#20
Kathryn Lawing, Kristina K Childs, Paul J Frick, Gina Vincent
The current study tested a method of risk assessment for adolescent offenders that relies on structured professional judgment: the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk for Youth (SAVRY; Borum, Bartel, & Forth, 2006). Trained probation officers in 3 jurisdictions administered the SAVRY to 505 adjudicated adolescents (M age = 15.43 years, SD = 1.62). The results supported the validity of the SAVRY administered in this juvenile justice context. Specifically, scores from the SAVRY differentiated violent from nonviolent offenders and predicted both violent and nonviolent recidivism over a 12-month follow-up period...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
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