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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918552/long-term-quality-of-life-profile-in-oncology-a-comparison-between-cancer-survivors-and-the-general-population
#1
Maria Antonietta Annunziata, Barbara Muzzatti, Cristiana Flaiban, Katiuscia Gipponi, Carlo Carnaghi, Paolo Tralongo, Michele Caruso, Raffaele Cavina, Umberto Tirelli
PURPOSE: Understanding the quality of life (QoL) of cancer survivors is relevant to both clinical practice and health care policy. The current study compared the QoL profile in this specific population with that of a normative sample for the general population, as well as with those of both healthy and oncological patients normative sub-samples. In addition, associations between the obtained QoL profile and the main socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample were examined...
September 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918445/pre-emptive-intestinal-transplant-the-surgeon-s-point-of-view
#2
REVIEW
Augusto Lauro, Ignazio R Marino, Kishore R Iyer
Pre-emptive transplantation is a well-established practice for certain types of end-organ failure such as in the use of kidney transplantation. For irreversible intestinal failure, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) remains the gold standard, due to the suboptimal long-term results of intestinal transplantation. As such, the only role for pre-emptive transplantation, if at all, will be for patients identified to be at high risk of complications and mortality while on definitive long-term TPN. In these patients, the timing of early listing and transplantation could become life-saving, taking into account that mortality on the waiting list is still the highest for intestinal candidates...
September 16, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918299/the-prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-a-lateral-postsurgical-defect-using-a-2-piece-magnet-retained-facial-prosthesis-a-clinical-report
#3
Kariem M Elhelow, Yasser E Al-Thobaiti, Abdurabu A Gomawi
Nonsurgical prosthetic interventions are often proposed after repeated grafts have failed to restore irradiated facial defects. This report describes a facial prosthetic reconstruction following ablative surgery for a sizable facial tumor by using a novel custom-made magnet-bearing substructure, which connected with an exposed part of the mandibular reconstruction plate. The defect involved the entire left lower part of the face and angle of the mentum. This reconstructive technique, together with an added surface texture with hair-like silicone strands, effectively addressed the cosmetic needs of the patient...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918103/rasch-analysis-dimensionality-and-scoring-of-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-npi-irritability-and-aggression-subscales-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
James F Malec, Timothy E Stump, Patrick O Monahan, Jacob Kean, Dawn Neumann, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To develop, for versions completed by individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and an observer, a more precise metric for the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) Irritability and Aggression scales using all behavioral item ratings for use with individuals with TBI and address the dimensionality of the represented behavioral domains. DESIGN: Rasch and confirmatory factor analyses of retrospective baseline NPI data from three treatment studies. SETTING: Postacute rehabilitation clinic...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918102/the-minimal-clinically-important-difference-for-the-rasch-neuropsychiatric-inventory-irritability-and-aggression-scale-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To determine the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) for a Rasch measure derived from the Irritability/Lability and Agitation/Aggression subscales of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-TBI-IA). DESIGN: Distribution-based statistical methods were applied to retrospective data to determine candidates for the MCID. These candidates were evaluated by anchoring the NPI-TBI-IA to Global Impression of Change (GIC) ratings by participants, significant others, and a supervising physician...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918002/effect-of-natural-sagittal-trunk-lean-on-standing-balance-in-untreated-scoliotic-girls
#6
Sébastien Leteneur, Émilie Simoneau-Buessinger, Franck Barbier, Charles-Hilaire Rivard, Paul Allard
BACKGROUND: Generally, scoliotic girls have a tendency to lean further back than a comparable group of non-scoliotic girls. To date, no study has addressed how standing balance in untreated scoliotic girls is affected by a natural backwardly or forwardly inclined trunk. METHODS: 27 able-bodied young girls and 27 young girls with a right thoracic curve were classified as leaning forward or backward according to the median of their trunk sagittal inclination. Participants stood upright barefoot...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917696/brain-mapping-in-multiple-sclerosis-lessons-learned-about-the-human-brain
#7
REVIEW
Massimo Filippi, Paolo Preziosa, Maria A Rocca
The application of structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has certainly helped to improve our understanding of the mechanisms responsible for clinical disability and cognitive impairment in this condition. The numerous studies performed in MS patients have also provided many lessons on the structure-function relationships in the human brain, which could be applied to healthy subjects and to patients affected by other neurological conditions...
September 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917519/endoscopic-or-arthroscopic-iliopsoas-tenotomy-for-iliopsoas-impingement-followingtotal-hip-replacement-a-prospective-multicenter-64-case-series
#8
W Guicherd, N Bonin, T Gicquel, J E Gedouin, X Flecher, M Wettstein, M Thaunat, N Prevost, E Ollier, O May
INTRODUCTION: Impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon is a cause of anterior pain after total hip replacement (THR). Treatment can be non-operative, endoscopic or arthroscopic, or by open revision of the acetabular component. Few studies have assessed these options. The present study hypothesis was that endo/arthroscopic treatment provides rapid pain relief with a low rate of complications. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study included 64 endoscopic or arthroscopic tenotomies for impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon, performed in 8 centers...
September 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917154/neural-activation-in-stress-related-exhaustion-cross-sectional-observations-and-interventional-effects
#9
Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, Micael Andersson, Therese Eskilsson, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the association between burnout and neural activation during working memory processing in patients with stress-related exhaustion. Additionally, we investigated the neural effects of cognitive training as part of stress rehabilitation. Fifty-five patients with clinical diagnosis of exhaustion disorder were administered the n-back task during fMRI scanning at baseline. Ten patients completed a 12-week cognitive training intervention, as an addition to stress rehabilitation...
September 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917025/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-who-underwent-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-determinants-of-programme-participation-and-completion
#10
M Sunamura, N Ter Hoeve, M L Geleijnse, R V Steenaard, H J G van den Berg-Emons, H Boersma, R T van Domburg
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) has reduced, resulting in more limited patient education during admission. Therefore, systematic participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has become more essential. We aimed to identify patient-related factors that are associated with participation in and completion of a CR programme. METHODS: We identified 3,871 consecutive AMI patients who underwent pPCI between 2003 and 2011...
September 15, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916897/improvement-of-quality-of-life-and-psychological-distress-after-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-results-of-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-observational-study
#11
David Riedl, Johannes M Giesinger, Lisa M Wintner, Fanny L Loth, Gerhard Rumpold, Richard Greil, Alain Nickels, Thomas Licht, Bernhard Holzner
BACKGROUND: With the growing number of cancer survivors worldwide the need for high quality cancer rehabilitation after primary treatment is steadily increasing. The aim of the present study was to investigate change of psychological distress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during multidisciplinary inpatient cancer rehabilitation in a large sample of cancer survivors suffering from different cancer entities. METHODS: We analyzed data from routine HRQOL and distress monitoring at a cancer inpatient rehabilitation center...
September 15, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916871/strength-and-functional-symmetry-is-associated-with-post-operative-rehabilitation-in-patients-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Jay R Ebert, Peter Edwards, Luke Yi, Brendan Joss, Timothy Ackland, Richard Carey-Smith, Jens-Ulrich Buelow, Ben Hewitt
PURPOSE: To investigate strength and functional symmetry during common tests in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and its association with post-operative rehabilitation. METHODS: At a median 11.0 months post-surgery (range 10-14), 111 ACLR patients were assessed. A rehabilitation grading tool was employed to evaluate the duration and supervision of rehabilitation, as well as whether structured jumping, landing and agility exercises were undertaken...
September 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916507/cardiac-patients-experiences-and-perceptions-of-social-media-mixed-methods-study
#13
Stephanie R Partridge, Anne C Grunseit, Patrick Gallagher, Becky Freeman, Blythe J O'Hara, Lis Neubeck, Sarah Due, Glenn Paull, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Kellie Roach, Leonie Sadler, Helen Glinatsis, Robyn Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Traditional in-person cardiac rehabilitation has substantial benefits for cardiac patients, which are offset by poor attendance. The rapid increase in social media use in older adults provides an opportunity to reach patients who are eligible for cardiac rehabilitation but unable to attend traditional face-to-face groups. However, there is a paucity of research on cardiac patients' experiences and perspectives on using social media to support their health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe cardiac rehabilitation patients' experiences in using social media in general and their perspective on using social media, particularly Facebook, to support their cardiac health and secondary prevention efforts...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916462/causation-constructors-and-codes
#14
Jan-Hendrik S Hofmeyr
Relational biology relies heavily on the enriched understanding of causal entailment that Robert Rosen's formalisation of Aristotle's four causes has made possible, although to date efficient causes and the rehabilitation of final cause have been its main focus. Formal cause has been paid rather scant attention, but, as this paper demonstrates, is crucial to our understanding of many types of processes, not necessarily biological. The graph-theoretic relational diagram of a mapping has played a key role in relational biology, and the first part of the paper is devoted to developing an explicit representation of formal cause in the diagram and how it acts in combination with efficient cause to form a mapping...
September 12, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916208/intra-and-inter-session-reliability-of-traditional-and-entropy-based-variables-describing-stance-on-a-wobble-board
#15
Lucia Bizovska, Miroslav Janura, Zdenek Svoboda, Martin Cerny, Jana Krohova, Maros Smondrk
A wobble board (WB) is a balance rehabilitation tool that is used in physiotherapy to improve strength and stability. The WB tested in this study includes a sensory module for measuring patients' tilt and rotation during stance. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of a balance measurement using a WB. Thirty healthy young adults participated in this study. The participants stood on the WB to simultaneously record the tilt of the WB and the center of pressure data using a force plate...
September 12, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916183/cancer-related-cognitive-changes
#16
Arash Asher, Kathleen Van Dyk, Sunita K Patel, Robin Newman, Jessica Engle, Nancy Hutchinson, Lynne Padgett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915972/suprachoroidal-injection-of-biological-agents-may-have-a-potential-role-in-the-prevention-of-progression-and-complications-in-high-myopia
#17
Pradeep Venkatesh, Brijesh Takkar
The prevalence of myopia and its severe/progressive visually impairing forms is increasing all over the globe. Most of the preliminary clinical research has focused on rehabilitation and treatment of its complications. Pharmacological prevention of myopic progression has shown encouraging results recently and currently the scleral structure is believed to be responsible for disease progression. In this article, we have hypothesized injecting a biological cement in the potential space between the choroid and the sclera to halt the progressive elongation of the eye ball while preventing complications related to myopia...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915890/barriers-and-enablers-for-the-development-and-implementation-of-allied-health-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-south-african-primary-healthcare-settings-a-qualitative-study
#18
J M Dizon, K Grimmer, Q Louw, S Machingaidze, H Parker, H Pillen
BACKGROUND: The South African allied health (AH) primary healthcare (PHC) workforce is challenged with the complex rehabilitation needs of escalating patient numbers. The application of evidence-based care using clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is one way to make efficient and effective use of resources. Although CPGs are common for AH in high-income countries, there is limited understanding of how to do this in low- to middle-income countries. This paper describes barriers and enablers for AH CPG uptake in South African PHC...
September 15, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915856/exercise-prescription-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-potential-benefits-and-practical-recommendations
#19
Farzin Halabchi, Zahra Alizadeh, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Maryam Abolhasani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can result in significant mental and physical symptoms, specially muscle weakness, abnormal walking mechanics, balance problems, spasticity, fatigue, cognitive impairment and depression. Patients with MS frequently decrease physical activity due to the fear from worsening the symptoms and this can result in reconditioning. Physicians now believe that regular exercise training is a potential solution for limiting the reconditioning process and achieving an optimal level of patient activities, functions and many physical and mental symptoms without any concern about triggering the onset or exacerbation of disease symptoms or relapse...
September 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915837/professional-groups-driving-change-toward-patient-centred-care-interprofessional-working-in-stroke-rehabilitation-in-denmark
#20
Viola Burau, Kathrine Carstensen, Stina Lou, Ellen Kuhlmann
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care based on needs has been gaining momentum in health policy and the workforce. This creates new demand for interprofessional teams and redefining roles and tasks of professionals, yet little is known on how to implement new health policies more effectively. Our aim was to analyse the role and capacity of health professions in driving organisational change in interprofessional working and patient-centred care. METHODS: A case study of the introduction of interprofessional, early discharge teams in stroke rehabilitation in Denmark was conducted with focus on day-to-day coordination of care tasks and the professional groups' interests and strategies...
September 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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