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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646803/effects-of-balneotherapy-on-serum-levels-of-shingosine-1-phosphate-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#1
Esra Aycan Ustyol, Fatih Karaarslan, Seldag Bekpinar, Kagan Ozkuk, Nergis Erdogan
Context • Balneotherapy is one of the most commonly used nonpharmacological interventions for osteoarthritis (OA), but its mechanism of action in relieving pain and stiffness and in improving physical function is not well understood. Studies have found that therapy provokes a series of neuroendocrinal reactions with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid, has been implicated as an important mediator in the maintenance of physiological processes (eg, vascular barrier integrity) and in pathophysiologic processes such as inflammatory conditions...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646523/does-clinical-placement-in-a-community-alcohol-and-other-drugs-rehabilitation-centre-influence-students-career-intention
#2
Yenna Salamonson, Lucie M Ramjan, Amy R Villarosa, Brahm Marjadi
Due to an ageing workforce, there is a growing need for greater numbers of nurses to work in areas, such as mental health and alcohol and other drugs (AOD) rehabilitation. These practitioners need to approach their work as 'recovery-oriented practitioners'. Positive experiences and preceptorship during clinical placement in AOD rehabilitation settings might influence students' later career choices and address some of the workforce shortage issues. The aim of the present concurrent, mixed-methods study was to explore students' perceptions of their clinical placement experience in a community-based AOD rehabilitation setting, and to examine attitude, career intention, and satisfaction with the placement...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646083/does-depression-increase-the-risk-of-stroke-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Tzung-Yi Tsai, Ming-Chi Lu, Hanoch Livneh, Shan-Yun Chiu, Ning-Sheng Lai, How-Ran Guo
OBJECTIVES: Comorbid depression is common and undertreated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It remains uncertain whether comorbid depression provoked the risk of poor clinical outcome, stroke in particular, among patients with RA. This work aimed to determine if depression onset during the treatment process increases stroke risk for patients with RA as compared with those with (1) neither RA nor depression, (2) RA only and (3) depression only. DESIGN: A nationwide, population-based cohort study...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645960/efficacy-of-adding-a-physiotherapy-rehabilitation-programme-to-arthroscopic-management-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-a-randomised-controlled-trial-fair
#4
Kim L Bennell, Libby Spiers, Amir Takla, John O'Donnell, Jessica Kasza, David J Hunter, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVES: Although several rehabilitation programmes following hip arthroscopy for femoracetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome have been described, there are no clinical trials evaluating whether formal physiotherapy-prescribed rehabilitation improves recovery compared with self-directed rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adding a physiotherapist-prescribed rehabilitation programme to arthroscopic surgery for FAI syndrome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645861/protective-effect-of-lycium-barbarum-polysaccharides-on-dextromethorphan-induced-mood-impairment-and-neurogenesis-suppression
#5
Kevin Kai-Ting Po, Joseph Wai-Hin Leung, Jackie Ngai-Man Chan, Timothy Kai-Hang Fung, Dalinda Isabel Sánchez-Vidaña, Emily Lok-Lam Sin, Kwok-Fai So, Benson Wui-Man Lau, Andrew Man-Hong Siu
Dextromethorphan (DXM) is one of the common drugs abused by adolescents. It is the active ingredient found in cough medicine which is used for suppressing cough. High dosage of DXM can induce euphoria, dissociative effects and even hallucinations. Chronic use of DXM may also lead to depressive-related symptoms. Lycium barbarum, commonly known as wolfberry, has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of ageing-related neurodegenerative diseases. A recent study has shown the potential beneficial effect of Lycium barbarum to reduce depression-like behavior...
June 20, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645669/multidisciplinary-approach-to-oral-rehabilitation-with-dental-implants-after-gunshot-injury-a-clinical-report
#6
Lélis Gustavo Nícoli, Suzane Cristina Pigossi, Raphael Ferreira de Souza Bezerra Araújo, Cláudio Marcantonio, Élcio Marcantonio, Élcio Marcantonio
This clinical report describes a multidisciplinary approach to treat a patient with edentulism and a severe anatomic defect in the mandible caused by a gunshot injury by using an implant-fixed complete dental prosthesis. An immediate loading interim implant-fixed complete dental prosthesis in the mandible associated with a maxillary removable complete denture prosthesis was initially provided to restore the intermaxillary relation. Nasal floor elevation and maxillary sinus augmentation were subsequently performed to increase the maxillary bone volume...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644921/targeted-memory-reactivation-during-sleep-but-not-wake-enhances-sensorimotor-skill-performance-a-pilot-study
#8
Brian P Johnson, Steven M Scharf, Kelly P Westlake
The benefits of sleep on memory consolidation have been enhanced for declarative and motor sequence learning through replaying classically conditioned auditory stimuli during sleep, known as targeted memory reactivation (TMR). However, it is unknown if TMR can influence performance of a sensorimotor skill, in the absence of the cognitive requirements of sequence learning. Here, young adults performed a nondominant arm throwing task separated by a full night of sleep or a full day of wake, with half of all participants receiving TMR between sessions...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644743/sarcocystis-jamaicensis-n-sp-from-red-tailed-hawks-buteo-jamaicensis-definitive-host-and-ifn-%C3%AE-gene-knockout-mice-as-experimental-intermediate-host
#9
Shiv Verma, Alexa Rosypal Von Dohlen, J Mowery, D Scott, B Rosenthal, J P Dubey, David Lindsay
Here, we report a new species of Sarcocystis with red-tailed hawk (RTH) as the natural definitive host and IFN-γ gene knockout (KO) mice as an experimental intermediate host in which sarcocysts form in muscle. Two RTHs submitted to the Carolina Raptor Center, Huntersville, North Carolina, were euthanized because they could not be rehabilitated and released. Fully sporulated 12.5 x 9.9 m sized sporocysts were found in intestinal scrapings of both hawks. Sporocysts were orally fed to laboratory-reared outbred Swiss Webster mice (SW) (Mus musculus) and also to KO mice...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644548/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-for-activities-of-daily-living-and-functional-ability-in-people-after-stroke
#10
REVIEW
Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Erika Ota, Masahiro Abo
BACKGROUND: Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However, no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644427/mental-diseases-and-criminal-offences-committed-by-persons-placed-at-the-forensic-department-of-the-penitentiary-in-zenica-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#11
Edin Bjelošević, Adisa Krehmić, Halima Hadžikapetanović, Sanel Čoralić, Sonja Bjelošević
Aim To investigate an impact of various biological, psychological and social factors on perpetration of criminal offences by persons with mental disorders and to examine legal requirements for placement of persons with mental disorders, who committed criminal offences. Methods This retrospective, descriptive study based on the analysis of data collected from records of the Zenica Penitentiary, Forensic Department (age, qualifications, employment status, marital status, mental disorders, information related to earlier treatments, type of committed criminal offense, duration of the security measure of mandatory psychiatric treatment and custody) included 154 examinees...
August 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644422/immersive-virtual-reality-for-pediatric-pain
#12
REVIEW
Andrea Stevenson Won, Jakki Bailey, Jeremy Bailenson, Christine Tataru, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Children must often endure painful procedures as part of their treatment for various medical conditions. Those with chronic pain endure frequent or constant discomfort in their daily lives, sometimes severely limiting their physical capacities. With the advent of affordable consumer-grade equipment, clinicians have access to a promising and engaging intervention for pediatric pain, both acute and chronic. In addition to providing relief from acute and procedural pain, virtual reality (VR) may also help to provide a corrective psychological and physiological environment to facilitate rehabilitation for pediatric patients suffering from chronic pain...
June 23, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644208/shake-it-off-a-randomized-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-pain-in-healing-burn-wounds
#13
Juliet J Ray, Angel D Alvarez, Sondra L Ulbrich, Sharon Lessner-Eisenberg, Shevonne S Satahoo, Jonathan P Meizoso, Charles A Karcutskie, Leela S Mundra, Nicholas Namias, Louis R Pizano, Carl I Schulman
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been shown to improve strength in extremities with healed burn wounds. We hypothesize that WBV reduces pain during rehabilitation compared to standard therapy alone. Patients with ≥1% TBSA burn to one or more extremities from October 2014 to December 2015 were randomized to vibration (VIBE) or control. Each burned extremity was tested separately within the assigned group. Patients underwent one to three therapy sessions (S1, S2, S3) consisting of five upper and/or lower extremity exercises with or without WBV...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644206/burn-patient-acuity-demographics-scar-contractures-and-rehabilitation-treatment-time-related-to-patient-outcomes-the-act-study
#14
Reg Richard, Alexis R Santos-Lozada
In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense funded a rehabilitation study through the American Burn Association titled "Burn patient acuity demographics, scar contractures, and rehabilitation treatment time related to patient outcomes," commonly known at the ACT study. The ACT was a multi-institutional, prospective, observational, and quasirandomized investigation of the acute hospital course of 307 patients. The ACT specifically emphasized the capture of factors that may impact the physical outcome of patients with burn injury including burn severity, daily rehabilitation interventions such as mobility and splinting, and detailed skin grafting episodes...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643814/-unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome-clinical-predictors-of-late-recovery
#15
Gianfranco Lamberti, Elena Antoniono, Francesca Gozzerino, Donatella Giraudo
Patients affected by the outcomes of serious traumatic and/or non-traumatic brain injury may show progressive recovery characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical conditions, which are often not completely different, but of differing seriousness. The unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and minimally conscious state (MCS) are syndromes that may characterize progression from the coma state and may be temporary clinical conditions, or in some cases, the final outcome of acute brain injury. The eventual recovery of consciousness is a dynamic process, in constant progress following the acute event...
May 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643711/glued-intraocular-lens-implantation-for-eyes-with-inadequate-capsular-support-analysis-of-the-postoperative-visual-outcome
#16
Sujatha Mohan, Bina John, Mohan Rajan, Harsha Malkani, S V Nagalekshmi, Siddhartha Singh
AIM: The aim of this study is to analyze the postoperative visual outcomes of fibrin glue-assisted, suture-less posterior chamber (PC) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation technique in eyes with inadequate capsule support at a tertiary eye care hospital in South India. SETTING AND DESIGN: This is a retrospective, nonrandomized case series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study analyzes 94 eyes which underwent PC-IOL implantation by fibrin glue-assisted, suture-less technique...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643571/adaptation-of-the-activity-measure-post-acute-care-am-pac-from-english-to-mandarin-using-the-dual-panel-translation-approach
#17
Feng-Hang Chang, Tsan-Hon Liou, John Brodersen, Jonathan D Comins
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to translate and adapt the Activity Measure Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC) from US English to Mandarin using the dual-panel method, and to assess its psychometric properties in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. METHODS: The AM-PAC outpatient short forms were translated using the dual-panel method. The translated AM-PAC was tested in 550 Chinese-speaking rehabilitation outpatients. Floor and ceiling effects were evaluated and internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha...
June 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643570/home-based-neurologic-music-therapy-for-arm-hemiparesis-following-stroke-results-from-a-pilot-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Alexander J Street, Wendy L Magee, Andrew Bateman, Michael Parker, Helen Odell-Miller, Jorg Fachner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial to evaluate music therapy as a home-based intervention for arm hemiparesis in stroke. DESIGN: A pilot feasibility randomized controlled trial, with cross-over design. Randomization by statistician using computer-generated, random numbers concealed in opaque envelopes. SETTING: Participants' homes across Cambridgeshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Eleven people with stroke and arm hemiparesis, 3-60 months post stroke, following discharge from community rehabilitation...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642563/root-canal-treatment-outcomes-not-affected-by-increasing-age-of-patient
#19
Y Jo Wong
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases; most recent two years of seven journals: (Acta Odontologica Scandinavica; Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; Gerodontology; International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology).Study selectionTooth-based longitudinal prospective and retrospective studies, published in English from January 1950 to August 2013, assessing outcomes of NSRCT in adults with permanent teeth...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642490/relationship-between-kellgren-lawrence-score-and-3d-kinematic-gait-analysis-of-patients-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-using-a-new-gait-system
#20
Xiaolong Zeng, Limin Ma, Zefeng Lin, Wenhan Huang, Zhiqiang Huang, Yu Zhang, Chuanbin Mao
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is reported to have characteristic kinematics during walking. However, the relationship between Kellgren-Lawrence (K/L) score and the 3D kinematic gait of patients with medial KOA remains unclear. Here, ninety-seven patients with medial KOA and thirty-eight asymptomatic participants were involved. Patients with medial KOA were divided into early, moderate, and severe KOA based on the K/L score. Through kinematic gait analysis, we found a relationship between K/L score and 3D kinematic gait for patients...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
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