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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899345/ethics-of-genetic-testing-and-research-in-sport-a-position-statement-from-the-australian-institute-of-sport
#1
Nicole Vlahovich, Peter A Fricker, Matthew A Brown, David Hughes
As Australia's peak high-performance sport agency, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) has developed this position statement to address the implications of recent advances in the field of genetics and the ramifications for the health and well-being of athletes. Genetic testing has proven of value in the practice of clinical medicine. There are, however, currently no scientific grounds for the use of genetic testing for athletic performance improvement, sport selection or talent identification. Athletes and coaches should be discouraged from using direct-to-consumer genetic testing because of its lack of validation and replicability and the lack of involvement of a medical practitioner in the process...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875602/practice-facilitation-for-pcmh-implementation-in-residency-practices
#2
Emilie Buscaj, Tristen Hall, Linda Montgomery, Douglas H Fernald, Jaclyn King, Nicole Deaner, W Perry Dickinson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care residency programs continue to adapt and change to become high-performing training sites for advanced primary care. Practice facilitation is a key method to assist practices in implementing organizational changes. This evaluation described the unique nature and essential roles and qualities of practice facilitation for residency program patient-centered medical home (PCMH) transformation. METHODS: Evaluation of the Colorado Residency PCMH Project from 2009 through 2014 included template and immersion-crystallization approaches to qualitative analysis of field notes, key informant interviews, and meeting documentation to identify themes related to external facilitation for practice transformation in 11 Colorado primary care residency practices...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859097/new-roles-for-medical-assistants-in-innovative-primary-care-practices
#3
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe new roles for medical assistants (MAs) in innovative care models that improve care while providing training and career advancement opportunities for MAs. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Primary data collected at 15 case study sites; 173 key informant interviews and de-identified secondary data on staffing, wages, patient satisfaction, and health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers used snowball sampling and screening calls to identify 15 organizations using MAs in new roles...
November 10, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802785/the-experience-of-captaincy-in-professional-sport-the-case-of-elite-professional-rugby
#4
Stewart T Cotterill, Richard Cheetham
The captain is perceived to be an important member of the leadership structure within teams across many professional sports. However, while there is a general acceptance that this is the case, there is very little research exploring the role and associated demands at an elite level. As a result, the aim of this study was to explore the captaincy experiences of elite professional rugby union captains. The participants were eight male captains purposefully sampled for this study. Participants were interviewed individually to gain an understanding of each participant's captaincy experiences...
November 1, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720390/succession-planning-and-management-the-backbone-of-the-radiology-group-s%C3%A2-future
#5
E Michael Donner, Daniel Gridley, Sidney Ulreich, Edward I Bluth
The transition of leadership within radiology practices is often not a planned replacement process with formal development of potential future leaders. To ensure their ongoing success, however, practices need to develop comprehensive succession plans that include a robust developmental program for potential leaders consisting of mentoring, coaching, structured socialization, 360-degree feedback, developmental stretch assignments, job rotation, and formal education. Succession planning and leadership development will be necessary in the future for a practice to be successful in its business relationships and to be financially viable...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634106/scarred-for-the-rest-of-my-career-career-long-effects-of-abusive-leadership-on-professional-athlete-aggression-and-task-performance
#6
Erica L Carleton, Julian Barling, Amy M Christie, Melissa Trivisonno, Kelsey Tulloch, Mark R Beauchamp
Based on the contention that leadership has sustained effects on followers even after the leader-follower relationship has ended, we investigated the career-long effects of abusive coach leadership on athlete aggression and task performance. Abusive leadership scores were derived from ratings by two independent raters' evaluations of coaches' biographies, and athlete aggression and task performance data were derived from objective sources. Data were obtained from players (N = 693) and coaches (N = 57) involved in the National Basketball Association (NBA) between 2000/2001 and 2005/2006 seasons...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608671/how-to-change-organisational-culture-action-research-in-a-south-african-public-sector-primary-care-facility
#7
Robert Mash, Angela De Sa, Maria Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: Organisational culture is a key factor in both patient and staff experience of the healthcare services. Patient satisfaction, staff engagement and performance are related to this experience. The department of health in the Western Cape espouses a values-based culture characterised by caring, competence, accountability, integrity, responsiveness and respect. However, transformation of the existing culture is required to achieve this vision. AIM: To explore how to transform the organisational culture in line with the desired values...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556421/determinants-of-using-non-fluoroscopy-guided-positioning-for-radiographs-a-case-study-research
#8
Sofie Germonpré, Paul Gemmel, Dimitri Beeckman, Jeroen Trybou
This study examines the determinants of using (non-)fluoroscopy-guided positioning (FGP) for radiographs, in order to improve the use of non-FGP imaging techniques. We focused on knowledge and attitudes of radiographers and radiologists with respect to applying non-FGP in radiography and organizational factors. We analyzed data from an in-depth multiple case study that includes observations and field notes, interviews, documents and images collected from the radiology departments of four hospitals. The unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) was used to frame the findings...
September 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502199/advancing-mch-interdisciplinary-interprofessional-leadership-training-and-practice-through-a-learning-collaborative
#9
Meaghan C McHugh, Lewis H Margolis, Angela Rosenberg, Elizabeth Humphreys
Purpose The Interdisciplinary Leadership Learning Collaborative (ILLC), under the sponsorship of AUCD and the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, brought together six teams, composed of 14 MCHB and UCEDD training programs to enhance their leadership training. Description Using adult learning principles, interactive training methods, and skill-focused learning, the ILLC built upon the evidence-based Interdisciplinary Leadership Development Program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The program began with a 4-day on-site intensive and then continued through monthly conference calls, a mid-term on-site workshop, and a summary virtual workshop to present programmatic accomplishments and share plans for sustainability...
August 9, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501254/how-coaching-can-play-a-key-role-in-the-development-of-nurse-managers
#10
Liz Westcott
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore empirically the role that coaching plays in the development of nurse managers in order to inform further research and policy makers about the potential utility and value of this means of development. BACKGROUND: There is evidence of the importance of the role of nurse managers who are first line managers of a team of nurses within any health sector. However, there appears to be little understanding of the United Kingdom wide scope of nurse manager development across the United Kingdom and the means to increase its effectiveness...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469627/relationship-between-operating-room-teamwork-contextual-factors-and-safety-checklist-performance
#11
Sara J Singer, George Molina, Zhonghe Li, Wei Jiang, Suliat Nurudeen, Julia G Kite, Lizabeth Edmondson, Richard Foster, Alex B Haynes, William R Berry
BACKGROUND: Studies show that using surgical safety checklists (SSCs) reduces complications. Many believe SSCs accomplish this by enhancing teamwork, but evidence is limited. Our study sought to relate teamwork to checklist performance, understand how they relate, and determine conditions that affect this relationship. STUDY DESIGN: Using 2 validated tools for observing and coaching operating room teams, we evaluated the association between checklist performance with surgeon buy-in and 4 domains of surgical teamwork: clinical leadership, communication, coordination, and respect...
October 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416061/coaching-as-a-developmental-intervention-in-organisations-a-systematic-review-of-its-effectiveness-and-the-mechanisms-underlying-it
#12
Simmy Grover, Adrian Furnham
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this paper is to conduct a thorough and systematic review of the empirical and practitioner research on executive, leadership and business coaching to assess the current empirical evidence for the effectiveness of coaching and the mechanisms underlying it. BACKGROUND: Organisations are increasingly using business coaching as an intervention to improve the productivity and performance of their senior personnel. A consequence of this increased application is the demand for empirical data to understand the process by which it operates and its demonstrable efficacy in achieving pre-set goals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389373/leading-article-how-can-i-optimise-my-role-as-a-leader-within-the-surgical-team
#13
B Green, D A Mitchell, P Stevenson, T Kane, J Reynard, P A Brennan
Leadership is uncommonly taught formally at any level in surgical training, and is not often evaluated formally either within assessment programmes or during appraisal. Good leadership skills in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) include professionalism, technical competence, motivation, innovation, ability to communicate, resilience, and effective teaching. They also include the recognition of when and how to "follow" when appropriate. Such skills can be developed through experience, observation, and education using a framework that can include mentoring, coaching, and feedback...
July 4, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385706/athlete-characteristics-and-team-competitive-performance-as-moderators-for-the-relationship-between-coach-transformational-leadership-and-athlete-performance
#14
Kai C Bormann, Paul Schulte-Coerne, Mathias Diebig, Jens Rowold
The goal of this study is to examine the effects of coaches' transformational leadership on player performance. To advance existing research, we examine (a) effects on individual and team performance and (b) consider joint moderating effects of players' win orientation and teams' competitive performance on the leadership- individual performance link. In a three-source sample from German handball teams, we collected data on 336 players and 30 coaches and teams. Results showed positive main effects of transformational leadership's facet of articulating a vision (AV) on team and individual performance and negative main effects of providing an appropriate model (PAM) on team performance...
June 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352884/implementation-of-a-substance-use-recovery-support-mobile-phone-app-in-community-settings-qualitative-study-of-clinician-and-staff-perspectives-of-facilitators-and-barriers
#15
Sarah Lord, Sarah K Moore, Alex Ramsey, Susan Dinauer, Kimberly Johnson
BACKGROUND: Research supports the effectiveness of technology-based treatment approaches for substance use disorders. These approaches have the potential to broaden the reach of evidence-based care. Yet, there is limited understanding of factors associated with implementation of technology-based care approaches in different service settings. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we explored provider and staff perceptions of facilitators and barriers to implementation of a mobile phone substance use recovery support app with clients in 4 service settings...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293124/response-process-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-context-assessment-for-community-health-tool-in-vietnam
#16
Duong M Duc, Anna Bergström, Leif Eriksson, Katarina Selling, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Lars Wallin
BACKGROUND: The recently developed Context Assessment for Community Health (COACH) tool aims to measure aspects of the local healthcare context perceived to influence knowledge translation in low- and middle-income countries. The tool measures eight dimensions (organizational resources, community engagement, monitoring services for action, sources of knowledge, commitment to work, work culture, leadership, and informal payment) through 49 items. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the understanding and stability of the COACH tool among health providers in Vietnam...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276008/an-integrated-framework-for-gender-equity-in-academic-medicine
#17
Alyssa Westring, Jennifer M McDonald, Phyllis Carr, Jeane Ann Grisso
In 2008, the National Institutes of Health funded 14 R01 grants to study causal factors that promote and support women's biomedical careers. The Research Partnership on Women in Biomedical Careers, a multi-institutional collaboration of the investigators, is one product of this initiative.A comprehensive framework is needed to address change at many levels-department, institution, academic community, and beyond-and enable gender equity in the development of successful biomedical careers. The authors suggest four distinct but interrelated aspects of culture conducive to gender equity: equal access to resources and opportunities, minimizing unconscious gender bias, enhancing work-life balance, and leadership engagement...
August 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199857/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-individual-coaching-self-coaching-and-group-training-how-leadership-makes-the-difference
#18
Sabine Losch, Eva Traut-Mattausch, Maximilian D Mühlberger, Eva Jonas
Few empirical studies have used a randomized controlled design to evaluate the impact of coaching, and there are even fewer that have compared coaching with other interventions. In the current field study, we investigated the relative effectiveness of coaching as an intervention to reduce procrastination. In a randomized controlled study, participants (N = 84) were assigned to an individual coaching, a self-coaching, a group training, or a control group condition. Results indicate that individual coaching and group training were effective in reducing procrastination and facilitating goal attainment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080245/narrative-approaches-to-organizational-development-a-case-study-of-implementation-of-collaborative-helping
#19
William C Madsen
Across North America, community agencies and state/provincial jurisdictions are embracing family-centered approaches to service delivery that are grounded in strength-based, culturally responsive, accountable partnerships with families. This article details a collaborative consultation process to initiate and sustain organizational change toward this effort. It draws on innovative ideas from narrative theory, organizational development, and implementation science to highlight a three component approach. This approach includes the use of appreciative inquiry focus groups to elicit existing best practices, the provision of clinical training, and ongoing coaching with practice leaders to build on those better moments and develop concrete practice frameworks, and leadership coaching and organizational consultation to develop organizational structures that institutionalize family-centered practice...
June 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926346/decision-making-in-caring-for-people-with-dementia-at-the-end-of-life-in-nursing-homes
#20
Andrea Koppitz, Georg Bosshard, Stephanie Kipfer, Lorenz Imhof
BACKGROUND: Alleviating symptoms, fulfilling psychosocial needs, and the inclusion of family are among the criteria that determine care quality in palliative treatment. The care quality is especially inadequate for people with dementia (PwD) at the end of life. To improve this, it is necessary to understand the process of nurses' clinical decision-making in symptom management in the terminal phase of PwD. AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the decision-making process of symptom management for PwD in nursing homes in their terminal phase of life...
February 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
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