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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775507/-coming-from-a-different-place-partnerships-between-consumers-and-health-services-for-system-change
#1
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Michelle Banfield, Chris Platania-Phung, Brenda Happell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore whether and how the expectations of consumers to be 'representative' influences consumers' ability to contribute to health services partnerships. BACKGROUND: Health standards call for services to partner with consumers in service development and governance. While existing research criticises the assumption that individual mental health consumers working with mental health services must be representative of consumers more broadly, research has yet to explore whether this requirement exists for consumers of other health services...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771206/universal-healthcare-and-universal-basic-income
#2
Nathan Gerard
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to draw parallels between universal basic income (UBI) and universal healthcare, highlighting their conceptual alignment and combined implications for health management and organization. Design/methodology/approach The idea that everyone should receive a set amount of money regardless of employment finds renewed momentum amid increasingly precarious work arrangements and an uncertain job market. Less explored, however, is the connection between this idea and the more established notion of universal healthcare...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767395/behavioral-therapy-approaches-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-an-up-to-date-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Kristallia Vitoula, Annalena Venneri, Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini, Panagiota Sykioti, Joy Adewusi, Panagiotis Zis
Low back pain is one of the most common causes for seeking medical treatment and it is estimated that one in two people will experience low back pain at some point during their lifetimes. Management of low back pain includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Non-pharmaceutical treatments include interventions such as acupuncture, spinal manipulation, and psychotherapy. The latter is especially important as patients who suffer from low back pain often have impaired quality of life and also suffer from depression...
May 16, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#4
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765573/the-relationship-between-emotional-intelligence-with-administrators-performance-at-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences
#5
Tooraj Sadeghi, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Habibolah Taghizade Moghaddam, Mohammad Jafari Ghodsi, Rasoul Hoseini
Background: The leadership of an organization requires specific features to adapt to changes and to survive and grow in new environments, and emotional intelligence is one of the most important attributes that can help leaders and managers respond to these changes. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence with administrators' performance at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 basic and middle managers of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran who were selected by census method in 2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764174/healthy-end-of-life-project-help-a-progress-report-on-implementing-community-guidance-on-public-health-palliative-care-initiatives-in-australia
#6
Andrea Grindrod, Bruce Rumbold
BACKGROUND: Contemporary end of life care policies propose increasing community capacity by developing sustainable skills, policies, structures, and resources to support members of a community in caring for each other at the end of life. Public health approaches to palliative care provide strategies to bring this about. Practical implementation can however be ineffective, principally due to failures to grasp the systemic nature of public health interventions, or to ensure that programs are managed and owned by community members, not the professionals who may have introduced them...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764173/developing-palliative-care-programs-in-indigenous-communities-using-participatory-action-research-a-canadian-application-of-the-public-health-approach-to-palliative-care
#7
Mary Lou Kelley, Holly Prince, Shevaun Nadin, Kevin Brazil, Maxine Crow, Gaye Hanson, Luanne Maki, Lori Monture, Christopher J Mushquash, Valerie O'Brien, Jeroline Smith
BACKGROUND: The Indigenous people of Canada include First Nations, Inuit and Metis. This research focused on four diverse First Nations communities located in Ontario and Manitoba. First Nations communities have well-established culturally-based social processes for supporting their community members experiencing dying, loss, grief and bereavement. However, communities do not have formalized local palliative care (PC) programs and have limited access to medical services, especially pain and symptom management...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759956/too-important-to-ignore-leveraging-digital-technology-to-improve-chronic-illness-management-among-black-men
#8
Stuart W Grande, Ledric D Sherman
Health disparities associated with chronic illness experiences of black men demonstrate widespread, systematic failures to meet an urgent need. Well-established social and behavioral determinants that have led to health disparities among black men include racism, discrimination, and stress. While advocacy work that includes community-engagement and tailoring health promotion strategies have shown local impact, evidence shows the gaps are increasing. We suspect that failure to reduce current disparities may be due to conventional public health interventions and programs; therefore, we submit that innovative interventions, ones that embrace digital technologies and their ability to harness naturally occurring social networks within groups, like black men, have particular importance and deserve attention...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758626/balancing-selfishness-and-norm-conformity-can-explain-human-behavior-in-large-scale-prisoner-s-dilemma-games-and-can-poise-human-groups-near-criticality
#9
John Realpe-Gómez, Giulia Andrighetto, Luis Gustavo Nardin, Javier Antonio Montoya
Cooperation is central to the success of human societies as it is crucial for overcoming some of the most pressing social challenges of our time; still, how human cooperation is achieved and may persist is a main puzzle in the social and biological sciences. Recently, scholars have recognized the importance of social norms as solutions to major local and large-scale collective action problems, from the management of water resources to the reduction of smoking in public places to the change in fertility practices...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757106/a-snapshot-of-australian-social-workers-in-palliative-care-and-their-work-with-estranged-clients
#10
Kylie Agllias
This paper describes a mixed method survey that was administered to a group of Australian palliative care social workers (n = 27). Specifically, it aimed to investigate the ways that social workers understood and worked with clients who were estranged from family at the end of life. Respondents suggested that estrangement potentially impacted clients emotionally, practically, and existentially. They were challenged to make clear assessments, provide emotional support, encourage news ways of thinking about estrangement, to manage practical issues, work with the client's family, and monitor their own professional role...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755403/has-the-time-come-to-stratify-and-score-sudep-risk-to-inform-people-with-epilepsy-of-their-changes-in-safety
#11
Rohit Shankar, Craig Newman, Alistair Gales, Brendan N McLean, Jane Hanna, Samantha Ashby, Matthew C Walker, Josemir W Sander
Recent publication of the American Academy of Neurology SUDEP guidance highlighted the importance to American clinicians of making people with epilepsy aware of SUDEP risk. It is the first guideline to do this in the United States. It follows precedent set out in the UK by National Institute of Clinical Excellence in 2004. While a significant achievement, the lack of clarity of how to deliver this guidance in an enduring and person-centered manner, raises concerns on how its long-term effectiveness in risk mitigation...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755386/bridge-over-an-aging-population-examining-longitudinal-relations-among-human-resource-management-social-support-and-employee-outcomes-among-bridge-workers
#12
Klaske N Veth, Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Hubert P L M Korzilius, Annet H De Lange, Ben J M Emans
This two-wave complete panel study aims to examine human resource management (HRM) bundles of practices in relation to social support [i.e., leader-member exchange (LMX), coworker exchange (CWX)] and employee outcomes (i.e., work engagement, employability, and health), within a context of workers aged 65+. Based upon the social exchange theory and the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) framework, it was hypothesized that HRM bundles at Time 1 would increase bridge workers' outcomes at Time 2, and that this relationship would be mediated by perceptions of LMX and CWX at Time 2...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755049/developing-a-productive-workgroup-within-a-community-coalition-transtheoretical-model-processes-stages-of-change-and-lessons-learned
#13
Heather A Finnegan, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Emily Blejwas, Alethea Hill, Donald Ponquinette, Shearie Archer, Marlena Kelley, Matt Allison
BACKGROUND: Addressing complex problems such as health disparities requires collaboration among individuals and agencies. Yet, methods by which productive and cohesive community-based volunteer workgroups are developed and activated to improve health outcomes are often not discussed. OBJECTIVE: Using the transtheoretical model (TTM) as a framework, we discuss effective processes for developing an action-oriented community-based workgroup committed to producing evidence-based information relevant to health policy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754781/social-engagement-and-the-elderly-in-rural-indonesia
#14
Ariane Utomo, Peter Mcdonald, Iwu Utomo, Nur Cahyadi, Robert Sparrow
Rural areas in Indonesia are older relative to urban areas. This paper questions how levels of social engagement vary across among the elderly in rural Indonesia. A sample of 2750 respondents aged 60 and over was drawn from 10 purposely-selected relatively "old" villages. Our three measures of social engagement are: participation in income-generating activities, in communal activities, and in care work. While there are notable village-level differences in patterns of social engagement, the majority of our respondents are actively engaged in productive activities in their old age until they can no longer be so...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754679/-cultural-diversity-tensions-and-solidarities-within-the-nursing-teams
#15
Zahia Kessar, Laurence Kotobi
Cultural and ethnic diversities present in the hospital as well as within the nursing teams impact on the way of working. Observing them from the point of view of the caregivers based on experiences of team guidance and training highlights issues related to the way the hospital teams experience these differences. These differences also have an effect conveyed through tensions, conflicts or solidarity. The place and the role of the managers are an important lever for supporting their teams, notably with regard to racism which can sometimes be expressed in the social relations present in the workplace...
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754122/schizophrenia-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
V Mamakou, A Thanopoulou, F Gonidakis, N Tentolouris, V Kontaxakis
Schizophrenia is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in elevated cardiovascular risk and limited life expectancy, translated into a weighted average of 14.5 years of potential life lost and an overall weighted average life expectancy of 64.7 years. The exact prevalence of type 2 diabetes among people with schizophrenia varies across studies and ranges 2-5fold higher than in the general population, whereas the aetiology is complex and multifactorial. Besides common diabetogenic factors, applied similarly in the general population, such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, smoking, hypertension, poor diet and limited physical activity, the co-occurrence of schizophrenia and diabetes is also attributed to unique conditions...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752832/examining-conservation-compliance-with-randomized-response-technique-analyses
#17
Charlotte H Chang, Maarten J L F Cruyff, Xingli Giam
Understanding conservation non-compliance-violations of laws or social norms designed to protect natural resources from overexploitation-is a priority for conservation research and management. As direct questioning about stigmatized behaviors can be biased, researchers have adopted more complex indirect questioning techniques. The randomized response technique (RRT) is one of the most powerful indirect survey methods, yet analyses of these data require sophisticated statistical models. To date, there has been limited user-friendly software to analyze RRT data, particularly so for models that combine information from multiple RRT questions...
May 12, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751256/peer-pressure-on-the-riverbank-assessing-catch-and-release-anglers-willingness-to-sanction-others-bad-behavior
#18
Meaghan L Guckian, Andy J Danylchuk, Steven J Cooke, Ezra M Markowitz
Given the well-documented impacts of angler behavior on the biological fitness of angled and released fish, optimizing the conservation value of catch-and-release angling hinges on the extent to which anglers are willing to adopt recommended best practices and refrain from harmful ones. One potentially powerful mechanism underlying adoption of best practices is the social pressure anglers can apply to one another to enforce community norms and values. Past work in other domains demonstrates that forms of interpersonal communication-including social sanctioning-can foster context-appropriate social norms and increase cooperative behavior; yet to date, little research has examined these dynamics in the context of species conservation...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750617/no-rest-for-the-women-understanding-the-impact-of-on-call-work-for-women-in-the-emergency-services
#19
Sarah M Jay, Jessica L Paterson, Brad Aisbett, Sally A Ferguson
BACKGROUND: The unpredictable, "on-call" component of the emergency services (ES) may be difficult to navigate in the context of domestic and work responsibilities, and especially difficult for women, given they tend to take on a greater household burden than do men. Our aim was to understand women's experiences in the ES, particularly the impact of being on-call and related coping strategies. METHODS: Twenty-four women were recruited from two ES agencies in Australia...
May 11, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748947/nutrition-and-food-security-policy-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-situation-analysis-and-roadmap-towards-2021
#20
Behzad Damari, Zahra Abdollahi, Majid Hajifaraji, Arezoo Rezazadeh
Background: All government policies and programmes for food and nutrition security should include providing healthy food, as well as providing economic and social availability for all people. Aim: This study aimed to analyse the current situation of Iranian food and nutrition security and establish a road map towards 2021. Methods: The applied methods were situation analysis and a mixed qualitative-quantitative method. The conceptual method used for developing this national document encompassed three areas: sustainable food supply, food safety and nutrition...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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