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Management in social work

Florian Junne, Martina Michaelis, Eva Rothermund, Felicitas Stuber, Harald Gündel, Stephan Zipfel, Monika A Rieger
Objectives : This study analyses the perceived relevance of stress-dimensions in work-settings from the differential views of Human Resource Managers (HRM), Occupational Physicians (OP), Primary Care Physicians (PCP) and Psychotherapists (PT) in Germany. Methods : Cross-sectional study design, using a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive measures and explorative bivariate methods were applied for group-comparisons. Results are presented as rankings of perceived importance and as polarity profiles of contrasting views...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Adanna Uloaku Nwameme, Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Philip Baba Adongo
BACKGROUND: Three-quarters of sub-Saharan Africa's urban population currently live under slum conditions making them susceptible to ill health and diseases. Ghana characterizes the situation in many developing countries where the urban poor have become a group much afflicted by complex health problems associated with their living conditions, and the intra-city inequity between them and the more privileged urban dwellers with respect to health care accessibility. Adopting Ghana's rural Community-Based Health Planning and Service (CHPS) programme in urban areas is challenging due to the differences in social networks and health challenges thus making modifications necessary...
March 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jacques Bagur
Intrafamily violence is a major public health problem, due to its frequency and the severity of its consequences. The aim is to establish links between violence and psychopathology, for the perpetrators as well as the victims. Data reveal a higher frequency of certain mental health disorders and history of abuse in the perpetrators, without it being systematic. It is important to adopt a global and multidisciplinary approach, and a holistic perspective faced with the people concerned by these acts. Health professionals, from the social sector and associations must therefore work together in a network to manage and attempt to prevent crisis situations...
March 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
Helen Elsey, Tracey Farragher, Sandy Tubeuf, Rachel Bragg, Marjolein Elings, Cathy Brennan, Rochelle Gold, Darren Shickle, Nyantara Wickramasekera, Zoe Richardson, Janet Cade, Jenni Murray
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of conducting a cost-effectiveness study of using care farms (CFs) to improve quality of life and reduce reoffending among offenders undertaking community orders (COs). To pilot questionnaires to assess quality of life, connection to nature, lifestyle behaviours, health and social-care use. To assess recruitment and retention at 6 months and feasibility of data linkage to Police National Computer (PNC) reconvictions data and data held by probation services...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Alexandre Bozec, Pierre Demez, Jocelyn Gal, Emmanuel Chamorey, Marie-Yolande Louis, David Blanchard, Dominique De Raucourt, Jean-Claude Merol, Esteban Brenet, Olivier Dassonville, Gilles Poissonnet, José Santini, Frédéric Peyrade, Karen Benezery, Maria Lesnik, Etienne Berta, Pierre Ransy, Emmanuel Babin
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term quality of life (QoL) and psycho-social outcomes, and to determine their predictive factors after oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) surgery and radial forearm free-flap (RFFF) reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who had undergone OPC surgery and RFFF reconstruction who were still alive and disease-free at least 1 year after surgery were enrolled in this prospective multicentric study. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core (QLQ-C30) and Head and Neck Cancer (QLQ-H&N35) QoL questionnaires, the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Clotilde Michel, Vincent Guêné, Eliane Michon, Yves Roquelaure, Audrey Petit
The objective of this study was to assess the workplace information collected and shared between professionals of the centers and occupational health professionals during functional restoration programs intended to chronic low back pain patients. A descriptive study carried out by a questionnaire sent to the French rehabilitation centers offering a functional restoration program. Data collection focused on the kinds of professionals involved in programs, professionals who approach work issues, work analysis, social and occupational information collected, existence of a specific work rehabilitation program, frequency of and methods for sharing information with occupational health professionals...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Manuela Deidda, Kathleen Anne Boyd, Helen Minnis, Julia Donaldson, Kevin Brown, Nicole R S Boyer, Emma McIntosh
INTRODUCTION: Children who have experienced abuse and neglect are at increased risk of mental and physical health problems throughout life. This places an enormous burden on individuals, families and society in terms of health services, education, social care and judiciary sectors. Evidence suggests that early intervention can mitigate the negative consequences of child maltreatment, exerting long-term positive effects on the health of maltreated children entering foster care. However, evidence on cost-effectiveness of such complex interventions is limited...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
John D Pauling, Lesley Ann Saketkoo, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Francesca Ingegnoli, Dinesh Khanna
RP is the most common manifestation of SSc and a major cause of disease-related morbidity. This review provides a detailed appraisal of the patient experience of SSc-RP and potential implications for disease classification, patient-reported outcome instrument development and SSc-RP clinical trial design. The review explores the clinical features of SSc-RP, the severity and burden of SSc-RP symptoms and the impact of SSc-RP on function, work and social participation, body image dissatisfaction and health-related quality of life in SSc...
March 12, 2018: Rheumatology
Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Selma Regina de Andrade, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
OBJECTIVE: to understand the meaning of the university management performed by nurses managers of the nursing undergraduate course of a public university. METHOD: this is a qualitative research, based on the grounded theory. Data collection took place between May and September 2016, with open interviews, in the scenario of a federal public university. The technique of constant comparative analysis of the data was followed, obtaining a theoretical sample with 19 nurses, in two sample groups...
March 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Efrat Shadmi, Margalit Goldfracht, Calanit Key, Moshe Hoshen, Ran D Balicer
BACKGROUND: Disparity-reduction programs have been shown to vary in the degree to which they achieve their goal; yet the causes of these variations is rarely studied. We investigated a broad-scale program in Israel's largest health plan, aimed at reducing disparities in socially disadvantaged groups using a composite measure of seven health and health care indicators. METHODS: A realistic evaluation was conducted to evaluate the program in 26 clinics and their associated managerial levels...
2018: PloS One
Isabelle Dibu Mulango, Julius Atashili, Bradley N Gaynes, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Mental health and mental illness are often overlooked in the management of patients in our health services. Depression is a common mental disorder worldwide. Recognising and managing mental illnesses such as depression by primary health care providers (PHCPs) is crucial. This study describes the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of PHCPs regarding depression in Fako Division. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among PHCPs (general practitioners, nurses, pharmacy attendants and social workers) in public-owned health facilities in the four health districts in Fako Division...
March 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Seung-Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Cindi SturtzSreetharan
For an industrialized nation, obesity rates in South Korea are extremely low. Yet, reflecting an extremely fat-averse, thin-positive society, efforts to lose weight are now reportedly very common. Since the 1980s, South Korea has experienced an increasingly flexible and insecure labor market which was exacerbated by the 1997 economic recession. In this social and economic setting, body shape and weight status, as human capital, may have gained significant bargaining power in the labor market. Consequently, we propose that Koreans, particularly those who are employed in "stable" jobs (i...
March 9, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
Jocelyn Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Caroline Huxley, Katherine Dodd, Frances Griffiths
Background: Routine monitoring by patients and healthcare providers to manage chronic disease is vital, though this can be challenging in low-resourced health systems. Mobile health (mHealth) has been proposed as one way to improve management of chronic diseases. Past mHealth reviews have proposed the need for a greater understanding around how the theoretical constructs in mHealth interventions actually work. In response, we synthesised evidence from primary studies on monitoring of chronic diseases using two-way digital text or voice communication between a patient and health worker...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Sam Norton, Maria Da Silva-Gane, Ken Farrington, Hope Clayton, Joseph Chilcot
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling symptoms in end-stage kidney disease, particularly among in-centre haemodialysis patients. This two-arm parallel group feasibility randomised controlled trial will determine whether a fully powered efficacy trial is achievable by examining the feasibility of recruitment, acceptability and potential benefits of a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)-based intervention for fatigue among in-centre haemodialysis patients. METHODS: We aim to recruit 40 adult patients undergoing in-centre haemodialysis at secondary care outpatient dialysis units, who meet clinical levels of fatigue...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Rachael Piltch-Loeb, John Kraemer, Christopher Nelson, Elena Savoia, David R Osborn, Michael A Stoto
To demonstrate how public health systems can use root-cause analysis (RCA) to improve learning from critical incidents, the research team utilized a facilitated look-back meeting to examine the public health systems' response to a Salmonella outbreak in the water supply in Alamosa, Colorado. We worked with public health, emergency management agencies, and other stakeholders to identify response challenges related to public health emergency preparedness capabilities, root causes, and lessons learned. The results demonstrate that RCA can help identify systems issues that, if addressed, can improve future responses...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Steven L Flamm
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric complication commonly associated with liver disease, namely cirrhosis. The inability of the liver to metabolize ammonia results in a buildup of ammonia, which can cross the blood-brain barrier and cause significant neurocognitive impairment. Up to 80% of patients with cirrhosis will experience HE and a large proportion of these patients are at high risk of recurrent HE. There are several factors to consider when developing a cost-effective approach to managing HE, such as patient compliance, the adverse event (AE) profile of drug therapy, efficacy of drug therapy, and relative cost-benefits of drug therapy...
March 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
Benjamin Gardner, Kristie-Lee Alfrey, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda L Rebar
OBJECTIVES: Fly-in fly-out (FIFO) work involves commuting long distances to the worksite and living in provided accommodation for 1-4 weeks while on shift. While the potentially detrimental impact of FIFO work on the health and well-being of workers has been documented, little attention has been paid to how workers, or their partners, cope with this impact. This study sought to investigate how workers and their partners negotiate the impact of FIFO on their mental health and well-being...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Elizabeth V Kinchen, Victoria Loerzel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore student nurses' openness to using or recommending holistic therapies, the strategies they use to manage stress from school or work, and their perceptions of the impact of holistic therapies on personal health. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative component of a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. METHODS: A convenience sample of undergraduate nursing students in a southeastern U.S. university completed baseline surveys, including demographics and three open-ended questions regarding attitudes toward holistic therapies and strategies used for stress management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Gennaro A Paolella, Andrew D Boyd, Scott M Wirth, Sandra Cuellar, Neeta K Venepalli, Stephanie Y Crawford
Interprofessional care is exhibited in outpatient oncology practices where practitioners from a myriad of specialties (e.g., oncology, nursing, pharmacy, health informatics and others) work collectively with patients to enhance therapeutic outcomes and minimize adverse effects. Historically, most ambulatory-based anticancer medication therapies have been administrated in infusion clinics or physician offices. Oral anticancer medications (OAMs) have become increasingly prevalent and preferred by patients for use in residential or other non-clinic settings...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Heather Burroughs, Bernadette Bartlam, Mo Ray, Tom Kingstone, Tom Shepherd, Reuben Ogollah, Janine Proctor, Waquas Waheed, Peter Bower, Peter Bullock, Karina Lovell, Simon Gilbody, Della Bailey, Stephanie Butler-Whalley, Carolyn Chew-Graham
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common among older people, with up to 20% reporting such symptoms, and the prevalence increases with co-morbid chronic physical health problems. Access to treatment for anxiety and depression in this population is poor due to a combination of factors at the level of patient, practitioner and healthcare system. There is evidence to suggest that older people with anxiety and/or depression may benefit both from one-to-one interventions and group social or educational activities, which reduce loneliness, are participatory and offer some activity...
March 7, 2018: Trials
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