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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323579/who-experiences-seclusion-an-examination-of-demographics-and-duration-in-a-public-acute-inpatient-mental-health-service
#1
Jacinta Chavulak, Melissa Petrakis
Restrictive interventions such as seclusion may occur during an acute mental health crisis. Such interventions are experienced by people as traumatic and counter to recovery. The current study aimed to investigate the use of seclusion and who was secluded amongst patients presenting with psychotic symptomology. All acute inpatient admissions were examined across a 12-month period January-December 2013. Electronic and paper records were accessed and audited for all 655 admissions. There were 91 admissions that included a seclusion and 200 seclusion events...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314630/experiences-of-being-parents-of-young-adults-living-with-recessive-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-from-a-salutogenic-perspective
#2
Anna Carin Aho, Sally Hultsjö, Katarina Hjelm
Recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD2) involve progressive muscle weakness. Parental support is important for young adults living with LGMD2, but no study has been identified focusing on the parents' experiences. The salutogenic perspective concentrates on how daily life is comprehended, managed and found meaningful, i.e. the person's sense of coherence. The aim of this study was to describe, from a salutogenic perspective, experiences of being parents of young adults living with LGMD2. Nineteen participants were included...
February 3, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306609/when-peers-count-the-effects-on-integrated-type-ii-diabetes-care-of-communication-within-general-practitioner-only-subgroups-in-interprofessional-primary-care-teams
#3
Amelia Compagni, Patrizio Armeni, Stefano Tasselli
BACKGROUND: Primary care teams (hereafter referred to as primary care units [PCUs]) composed of general practitioners (GPs), nurses, and specialist doctors have recently been established in the Italian context, with the main aim of improving integrated care for chronic diseases. PURPOSES: The aim of the study was to assess whether the increased professional diversity of PCUs has resulted in an improvement in the integrated care of type II diabetes and to identify a potential mechanism mediating this effect...
March 16, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302638/innovative-approach-for-self-management-and-social-welfare-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-in-europe-development-validation-and-implementation-of-an-mhealth-tool-mycyfapp
#4
Joaquim Calvo-Lerma, Celia P Martinez-Jimenez, Juan-Pablo Lázaro-Ramos, Ana Andrés, Paula Crespo-Escobar, Erlend Stav, Cornelia Schauber, Lucia Pannese, Jessie M Hulst, Lucrecia Suárez, Carla Colombo, Celeste Barreto, Kris de Boeck, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx
INTRODUCTION: For the optimal management of children with cystic fibrosis, there are currently no efficient tools for the precise adjustment of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, either for advice on appropriate dietary intake or for achieving an optimal nutrition status. Therefore, we aim to develop a mobile application that ensures a successful nutritional therapy in children with cystic fibrosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A multidisciplinary team of 12 partners coordinate their efforts in 9 work packages that cover the entire so-called 'from laboratory to market' approach by means of an original and innovative co-design process...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299624/examining-the-relationship-between-pain-catastrophizing-and-suicide-risk-in-patients-with-rheumatic-disease-the-mediating-role-of-depression-perceived-social-support-and-perceived-burdensomeness
#5
Eun -Jung Shim, Yeong Wook Song, Seung-Hee Park, Kwang-Min Lee, Dong Jin Go, Bong-Jin Hahm
PURPOSE: Little research has examined the role of pain catastrophizing (PC) in predicting suicide among patients with rheumatic disease or the mechanisms through which it works. This study examines whether depression, perceived social support (PSS), and perceived burdensomeness (PB) mediate the relationship between PC and suicide risk. It also examines the relative importance of sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological factors in predicting suicide risk. METHODS: Three hundred sixty patients from a rheumatology clinic in Korea completed measures of pain catastrophizing, social support, depression, and perceived burdensomeness...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298129/a-rural-shelter-in-ontario-adapting-to-address-the-changing-needs-of-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-case-study
#6
Tara Mantler, Barat Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, with shelters offering the predominant community-based solution. Shelters in Canada are mandated to provide a safe place, protection planning, advocacy and counseling among other services. Recently it has been noted the role of the shelter was shifting from an inpatient to outpatient model with a focus on increased integration of health and social services. This changing role of the shelter is amplified within the rural context where resources and cultural norms may be limited or incompatible with help-seeking behaviors...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296974/joint-analyses-of-open-comments-and-quantitative-data-added-value-in-a-job-satisfaction-survey-of-hospital-professionals
#7
Ingrid Gilles, Mauro Mayer, Nelly Courvoisier, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a comprehensive understanding of the job opinions of hospital professionals by conducting qualitative analyses of the open comments included in a job satisfaction survey and combining these results with the quantitative results. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey targeting all Lausanne University Hospital professionals was performed in the fall of 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey considered ten job satisfaction dimensions (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296901/cumulative-advantages-and-social-capabilities-in-scientific-mobility-in-the-health-sciences-the-spanish-case
#8
Pedro Aceituno-Aceituno, Lorenzo Melchor, Joaquín Danvila-Del-Valle, Carlos Bousoño-Calzón
BACKGROUND: The big problem in global public health, arising from the international migration of physicians from less-developed to more-developed countries, increases if this migration also affects scientists dedicated to health areas. This article analyzes critical variables in the processes of Spanish scientific mobility in Health Sciences to articulate effective management policies for the benefit of national public health services and the balance between local and global science. METHODS: This study develops a survey to measure and analyze the following crucial variables: research career, training, funding, working with a world-class team, institutional prestige, wages, facilities/infrastructure, working conditions in the organization of the destination country, fringe benefits in the organization of the destination country and social responsibility in the organization of the departure country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296261/determinants-of-adherence-to-lifestyle-intervention-in-adults-with-obesity-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
E Burgess, P Hassmén, K L Pumpa
Lifestyle intervention programmes are efficacious in the management of obesity but often report poor attendance and adherence rates that hinder treatment effectiveness and health outcomes. The aim of this systematic review is to identify (i) barriers to behaviour change and (ii) predictors of adherence to lifestyle intervention programmes in adults with obesity. Studies were identified by systematically reviewing the literature within Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science from inception to August 2016...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295847/effects-on-leisure-activities-and-social-participation-of-a-case-management-intervention-for-frail-older-people-living-at-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Marianne Granbom, Jimmie Kristensson, Magnus Sandberg
Frailty causes disability and restrictions on older people's ability to engage in leisure activities and for social participation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 1-year case management intervention for frail older people living at home in Sweden in terms of social participation and leisure activities. The study was a randomised controlled trial with repeated follow-ups. The sample (n = 153) was consecutively and randomly assigned to intervention (n = 80) or control groups (n = 73)...
March 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295476/the-interpersonal-work-of-dental-conscious-sedation-a-qualitative-analysis
#11
Stephen M Woolley, Barbara Chadwick, Lesley Pugsley
AIMS: Whilst there is a considerable body of literature examining the pharmacology of conscious sedation, the social tasks required to successfully provide conscious sedation have not been reported. This paper discusses data regarding the interpersonal work integral to effective conscious sedation provision, from a larger qualitative study exploring how patients and clinicians engage with secondary care conscious sedation provided within the UK. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 conscious sedation providers and nine patients within UK-based secondary care sedation settings...
March 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288497/-cancer-and-career-a-qualitative-study-of-job-status-of-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#12
Lisa Mentschke, Katja Leuteritz, Lisa Daneck, Nora Breuer, Annekathrin Sender, Michael Friedrich, Erik Nowe, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Kristina Geue
Purpose: To examine the impact of cancer on work and education for AYA. Collect information about AYA's return to work/return to study. Methods: 18 AYA (10 female) aged 18 to 39 (m=27 years) at time of diagnosis completed a semi-structured interview. Qualitative content analysis was used to generate results. Results: 11 of 18 AYA had already returned to work/study. Flexible structures and emotional support of colleagues and managers were reported being helpful. 10 AYA planed or had already reduced job tasks, hours of work or further education...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287020/exploring-informal-workplace-learning-in-primary-healthcare-for-continuous-professional-development
#13
Viktoria Joynes, Micky Kerr, Tamsin Treasure-Jones
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: All health and social care professionals learn on the job through both formal and informal learning processes, which contributes to continuous professional development (CPD). This study explored workplace learning in General Practices, specifically looking at the role of informal learning and the workplace practices that appear to support or restrict that learning, as well as how technology was integrated into these learning processes. METHODS: Three focus groups with general practitioners, practice nurses, managerial and administrative staff were conducted followed by twelve individual semi-structured interviews with participants drawn from the focus groups...
March 12, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284287/-even-the-best-law-will-never-replace-reflection-in-the-field
#14
Jean-Pierre Bouchard
Implemented in 2006 by the French minister for health, the resource centres for people working with sex offenders (CRIAVS) provide support for professionals and non-professionals, concerned with transgressive sexual behaviour. They offer tools for legal, health and social professionals to facilitate the supervision of sex offenders. Florent Cochez, a psychiatrist and medical examiner, manager of the Aquitaine CRIAVS, describes in this interview the missions of these regional structures, their link with court-ordered therapy and his practice...
March 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283483/exploring-stroke-survivors-and-physiotherapists-views-of-self-management-after-stroke-a-qualitative-study-in-the-uk
#15
Euan Sadler, Charles D A Wolfe, Fiona Jones, Christopher McKevitt
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is a sudden-onset condition with long-term consequences. Self-management could help address long-term consequences of stroke. Stroke survivors' and health professionals' views of self-management may vary, limiting the successful introduction of self-management strategies. This paper explores stroke survivors' and physiotherapists' views of self-management, focusing on what self-management means, and factors perceived to enable and hinder self-management after stroke, to draw out implications for policy, practice and future research...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281070/taking-climate-land-use-and-social-economy-into-estimation-of-carbon-budget-in-the-guanzhong-tianshui-economic-region-of-china
#16
Ting Li, Jing Li, Zixiang Zhou, Yanze Wang, Xiaonan Yang, Keyu Qin, Jingya Liu
Carbon sequestration is an indispensable ecosystem service provided by soil and vegetation, so mapping and valuing the carbon budget by considering both ecological and social factors is an important trend in evaluating ecosystem services. In this work, we established multiple scenarios to evaluate the impacts of land use change, population growth, carbon emission per capita, and carbon markets on carbon budget. We quantified carbon sinks (aboveground and belowground) under different scenarios, using the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) model and an improved carbon cycle process model, and studied carbon sources caused by human activities by analyzing the spatial distribution of human population and carbon emission per capita...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278496/perceived-health-status-is-obesity-perceived-as-a-risk-factor-and-disease
#17
Tommy L S Visscher, Jeroen Lakerveld, Nanna Olsen, Leanne Küpers, Sofia Ramalho, Laura Keaver, Christina Brei, Jan-Inge Bjune, Silvia Ezquerro, Volkan Yumuk
One might expect that a perception of obesity being a risk factor and disease, contributes to effective obesity prevention and management strategies. However, obesity rates continue to increase worldwide. The question arises whether obesity is truly perceived as a risk factor and a disease. This paper aims at describing perception of obesity as risk factor and disease among individuals seeking care, individuals not seeking care, the society, and different professionals having a role in the field of obesity...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278444/factors-associated-with-nursing-students-adherence-to-venous-blood-collection-practice-guidelines-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Karin Nilsson, Christine Brulin, Kjell Grankvist, Christina Juthberg
Venous blood specimen collection is a common procedure that nursing students perform during pre-registration courses, and training for such collections takes place on campus as well as at clinical placements. However, levels of adherence to practice guidelines are still suboptimal among both nursing students and healthcare staff. We aimed to explore nursing students' adherence to the Swedish national venous blood specimen collection practice guidelines regarding patient identification and test request management and how this adherence is related to clinical experience, capability beliefs, research use, and the perceived social climate in clinical contexts...
February 3, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274788/management-goals-for-type-1-gaucher-disease-an-expert-consensus-document-from-the-european-working-group-on-gaucher-disease
#19
M Biegstraaten, T M Cox, N Belmatoug, M G Berger, T Collin-Histed, S Vom Dahl, M Di Rocco, C Fraga, F Giona, P Giraldo, M Hasanhodzic, D A Hughes, P O Iversen, A I Kiewiet, E Lukina, M Machaczka, T Marinakis, E Mengel, G M Pastores, U Plöckinger, H Rosenbaum, C Serratrice, A Symeonidis, J Szer, J Timmerman, A Tylki-Szymańska, M Weisz Hubshman, D I Zafeiriou, A Zimran, C E M Hollak
Gaucher Disease type 1 (GD1) is a lysosomal disorder that affects many systems. Therapy improves the principal manifestations of the condition and, as a consequence, many patients show a modified phenotype which reflects manifestations of their disease that are refractory to treatment. More generally, it is increasingly recognised that information as to how a patient feels and functions [obtained by patient- reported outcome measurements (PROMs)] is critical to any comprehensive evaluation of treatment. A new set of management goals for GD1 in which both trends are reflected is needed...
October 24, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274251/knowledge-and-factors-associated-with-pain-management-for-hospitalized-children-among-nurses-working-in-public-hospitals-in-mekelle-city-north-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#20
Remla Miftah, Weyzer Tilahun, Atsde Fantahun, Seid Adulkadir, Kahsu Gebrekirstos
BACKGROUND: American Nurses Association reflects, the role of the nurse in pain management encompasses the entire nursing process, assessment of pain, plans pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management strategies, implements the plan, and evaluates the response of the patient to the interventions. Pediatric pain management has been left largely unaddressed due to factors like limited resources, inadequate training, as well as cultural diversity and language barriers which made sick and injured children not to receive basic pain care...
March 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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