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Leadership in social work

Terri L Ares
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to ascertain if clinical nurse specialist students differed on measures of professional socialization based on employment in a Magnet-oriented hospital. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of data from a previous national study of the socialization of clinical nurse specialist students was used. Anticipatory socialization variables (nursing leadership, workplace exposure to the role, and preconceived impression of the role), mentorship by a clinical nurse specialist, and socialization outcomes (self-concept, perceived preparedness for practice, and nursing specialty certification) were explored...
November 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Vicki Catherine Cope, Bronwyn Jones, Joyce Hendricks
AIM: To explore residential aged care nurses working in interim, rehabilitation and residential aged care perceptions of resilience. DESIGN: Qualitative Portraiture methodology. Inclusion criteria were that all participants were English speaking; were registered with the Australian Health Practitioners Registration Authority (APHRA) and had more than five years' experience working in an aged care environment. Three participants were interviewed employed within a metropolitan interim, rehabilitation and aged care setting...
October 14, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
Stephanie A Chamberlain, Matthias Hoben, Janet E Squires, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Unregulated health care aides provide the majority of direct health care to residents in long term care homes. Lower job satisfaction as reported by care aides is associated with increased turnover of staff. Turnover leads to inferior job performance and negatively impacts quality of care for residents. This study aimed to determine the individual and organizational variables associated with job satisfaction in care aides. METHODS: We surveyed a sample of 1224 care aides from 30 long term care homes in three Western Canadian provinces...
October 13, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Lotte Elton
Purpose This paper aims to describe and analyse some of the ways in which good leadership can enable those working within the National Health Service (NHS) to weather the changes and difficulties likely to arise in the coming years, and takes the format of an essay written by the prize-winner of the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management's Student Prize. The Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management ran its inaugural Student Prize in 2015-2016, which aimed at medical students with an interest in medical leadership...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
Paul Grimshaw, Linda McGowan, Elaine McNichol
Purpose For leadership and management of Western health systems, good quality relationships are a fundamental cornerstone of organising health and social care (H&SC) delivery, delivering benefits across organisations and communities. The purpose of this paper is to explore the extant management, H&SC literature, grounded in older people care, reveal behaviours, processes and practices that if readily identified across a context will support healthy relationships across the "whole system" of stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach An academic/practitioner group designed and guided a scoping literature review of the H&SC and broader management literature to identify and extract important behaviours, processes and practices underlying the support of high-quality relationships...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Margareth S Zanchetta, Susanne Edwards, Bukola Salami, Eunice Osino, Lina Yu, Oluwafunmbi Babalola, Linda Cooper
Members of a nursing research cluster realized that they needed to determine whether, given their diverse philosophies, they could formulate a collective research agenda responding to an administrative recommendation. The cluster's leaders conducted an appraisal of the role and importance of trust as an element for promoting collaboration in a nursing research cluster and for building a collective social identity. The Social Exchange Theory framed the appraisal. A survey and a facilitation session about trust in research partnerships were conducted with eight female nursing researchers/faculty...
2016: Nursing Leadership
Isabel C Scarinci, Artisha Moore, Regina Benjamin, Selwyn Vickers, James Shikany, Mona Fouad
OBJECTIVE: We describe the formulation and implementation of a participatory evaluation plan for three Transdisciplinary Collaborative Centers for Health Disparities Research funded by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities. METHODS: Although different in scope of work, all three centers share a common goal of establishing sustainable centers in health disparities science in three priority areas - social determinants of health, men's health research, and health policy research...
September 13, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
Sean Lynch, Catherine Greeno, Judith Teich, Peter Delany
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has profoundly restructured American health care. Numerous social work authors have commented on the importance of the ACA's reforms to social work practice, education, and research. This article summarizes the literature, adds relevant information, and makes recommendations for future actions. The policy, opinion, and peer-reviewed literatures were systematically reviewed. Sixty-three publications appeared between 2010 and 2015 are included. Five themes emerged, as follows: 1) the crucial provisions of the ACA, 2) the natural affinity of social work and the ACA reforms, 3) curricular adaptations needed to address changing workforce needs, 4) areas for continued social work advocacy, and 5) opportunities for high-impact social work research...
October 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Chia-Yen Chad Chiu, Bradley P Owens, Paul E Tesluk
The present study was designed to produce novel theoretical insight regarding how leader humility and team member characteristics foster the conditions that promote shared leadership and when shared leadership relates to team effectiveness. Drawing on social information processing theory and adaptive leadership theory, we propose that leader humility facilitates shared leadership by promoting leadership-claiming and leadership-granting interactions among team members. We also apply dominance complementary theory to propose that team proactive personality strengthens the impact of leader humility on shared leadership...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Shannon Winters, Lilian Magalhaes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Anita Kothari
INTRODUCTION: Meeting the complex health needs of people often requires interaction among numerous different sectors. No one service can adequately respond to the diverse care needs of consumers. Providers working more effectively together is frequently touted as the solution. Cross-sector service provision is defined as independent, yet interconnected sectors working together to better meet the needs of consumers and improve the quality and effectiveness of service provision. Cross-sector service provision is expected, yet much remains unknown about how it is conceptualised or its impact on health status...
2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
Jason Davidson
This paper describes research undertaken as part of an MA study in leadership. It draws on interviews with six high profile leaders at the fore front of end of life care sector in the UK. Its findings and emerging themes offer insights about the opportunities for social work leaders in palliative care in the future and how the profession and palliative care sector address current barriers to taking advantage of such opportunity. The main focus of this paper is leadership related to palliative care social work...
April 2, 2016: Journal of Social Work Practice
Prisca A C Zwanikken, Lucy Alexander, Albert Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The "health workforce" crisis has led to an increased interest in health professional education, including MPH programs. Recently, it was questioned whether training of mid- to higher level cadres in public health prepared graduates with competencies to strengthen health systems in low- and middle-income countries. Measuring educational impact has been notoriously difficult; therefore, innovative methods for measuring the outcome and impact of MPH programs were sought. Impact was conceptualized as "impact on workplace" and "impact on society," which entailed studying how these competencies were enacted and to what effect within the context of the graduates' workplaces, as well as on societal health...
2016: Human Resources for Health
J Hope Corbin, Jacky Jones, Margaret M Barry
A Health in All Policies approach requires creating and sustaining intersectoral partnerships for promoting population health. This scoping review of the international literature on partnership functioning provides a narrative synthesis of findings related to processes that support and inhibit health promotion partnership functioning. Searching a range of databases, the review includes 26 studies employing quantitative (n = 8), qualitative (n = 10) and mixed method (n = 8) designs examining partnership processes published from January 2007 to June 2015...
August 9, 2016: Health Promotion International
Chris J Main, William S Shaw
Purpose Research of employer policies and practices to manage and prevent disability spans many disciplines and perspectives, and there are many challenges related to stakeholder collaboration, data access, and interventions. The purpose of this article is to synthesize the findings from a conference and year-long collaboration among a group of invited researchers intended to spur new research innovations in this field. Methods A multidisciplinary team of 26 international researchers with published research in employer-based disability management or related fields were invited to attend a 3-day conference in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
José Pereira, Jocelyne Contant, Gwen Barton, Christopher Klinger
BACKGROUND: Regionalization promotes planning and coordination of services across settings and providers to meet population needs. Despite the potential advantages of regionalization, no regional hospice palliative care program existed in Ontario, Canada, as of 2010. This paper describes the process and early results of the development of the first regional hospice palliative care program in Ontario. The various activities and processes undertaken and the formal agreements, policies and documents are described...
2016: BMC Palliative Care
Jessica S Merlin, Sarah R Young, Mallory O Johnson, Michael Saag, William Demonte, Riddhi Modi, Sally Shurbaji, William A Anderson, Robert Kerns, Matthew J Bair, Stefan Kertesz, Susan Davies, Janet M Turan
BACKGROUND:  Chronic pain is a common and disabling comorbidity in individuals living with HIV. Behavioral interventions are among the most effective and safe nonpharmacologic treatments for chronic pain. However, the success of a behavioral intervention is influenced by how well it is tailored to the target population's biological, psychological, and social context. Given well-documented psychosocial vulnerabilities among persons with HIV, it is critical to develop a behavioral intervention for chronic pain tailored to this population...
July 17, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ragni Sommerbakk, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen, Aksel Tjora, Stein Kaasa, Marianne Jensen Hjermstad
BACKGROUND: Implementation of quality improvements in palliative care (PC) is challenging, and detailed knowledge about factors that may facilitate or hinder implementation is essential for success. One part of the EU-funded IMPACT project (IMplementation of quality indicators in PAlliative Care sTudy) aiming to increase the knowledge base, was to conduct national studies in PC services. This study aims to identify factors perceived as barriers or facilitators for improving PC in cancer and dementia settings in Norway...
2016: BMC Palliative Care
Sergey Gavrilets, Jeremy Auerbach, Mark van Vugt
When group cohesion is essential, groups must have efficient strategies in place for consensus decision-making. Recent theoretical work suggests that shared decision-making is often the most efficient way for dealing with both information uncertainty and individual variation in preferences. However, some animal and most human groups make collective decisions through particular individuals, leaders, that have a disproportionate influence on group decision-making. To address this discrepancy between theory and data, we study a simple, but general, model that explicitly focuses on the dynamics of consensus building in groups composed by individuals who are heterogeneous in preferences, certain personality traits (agreeability and persuasiveness), reputation, and social networks...
2016: Scientific Reports
Elona Toska, Lesley Gittings, Rebecca Hodes, Lucie D Cluver, Kaymarlin Govender, K Emma Chademana, Vincent Evans Gutiérrez
Adolescents are the only age group with growing AIDS-related morbidity and mortality in Eastern and Southern Africa, making HIV prevention research among this population an urgent priority. Structural deprivations are key drivers of adolescent HIV infection in this region. Biomedical interventions must be combined with behavioural and social interventions to alleviate the socio-structural determinants of HIV infection. There is growing evidence that social protection has the potential to reduce the risk of HIV infection among children and adolescents...
July 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Ashnie Padarath, Judith King, Emma-Louise Mackie, Julia Casciola
The Global Report on Urban Health: Equitable, Healthier Cities for Sustainable Development, issued in March 2016 by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), emphasises the need for enhanced governance and leadership to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. Noting that a healthy population forms the foundation for 'sustainable economic growth, social stability, and full realisation of human potential', the report presents 'practical, proven solutions for working across sectors to tackle these … health challenges', and includes examples of such successes in South Africa...
July 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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