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Leadership in social work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765573/the-relationship-between-emotional-intelligence-with-administrators-performance-at-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences
#1
Tooraj Sadeghi, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Habibolah Taghizade Moghaddam, Mohammad Jafari Ghodsi, Rasoul Hoseini
Background: The leadership of an organization requires specific features to adapt to changes and to survive and grow in new environments, and emotional intelligence is one of the most important attributes that can help leaders and managers respond to these changes. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence with administrators' performance at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 basic and middle managers of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran who were selected by census method in 2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764276/-it-s-our-everyday-life-the-perspectives-of-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-norway
#2
Aud Elisabeth Witsø, Brit Hauger
This study illuminates how adults with intellectual disabilities understand and describe their everyday life and its shortcomings when it comes to equal rights in the context of Norwegian community living. An inclusive research design, including nine persons with mild intellectual disability, two university researchers and two intellectual disability nurses from the municipality, was undertaken. An inductive thematic analysis of data identified three key themes: everyday life - context, rhythm and structure, social participation and staff - an ambiguous part of everyday life...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738507/the-association-between-quality-improvement-initiatives-in-dementia-care-and-supportive-psychosocial-work-environments-in-nursing-homes
#3
Miharu Nakanishi, Maki Tei-Tominaga
Background : Quality improvement initiatives can help nursing homes strengthen psychosocial work environments. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between supportive psychosocial work environment, and professional and organizational characteristics regarding quality improvement initiatives in dementia care. Methods : A paper questionnaire survey was administered to a convenience sample of 365 professional caregivers in 12 special nursing homes in Japan. Psychosocial work environment was assessed using the Social Capital and Ethical Climate at the Workplace Scale to calculate a score of social capital in the workplace, ethical leadership, and exclusive workplace climate...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735205/-i-don-t-really-have-any-issue-with-masculinity-older-canadian-men-s-perceptions-and-experiences-of-embodied-masculinity
#4
Laura Hurd Clarke, Maya Lefkowich
The article explores what older Canadian men consider to be the definition of masculinity, how they evaluate their own masculinity relative to their definition, and how and why they use particular forms of body work in response to aging and their understandings of masculinity. Data are presented from qualitative interviews with 29 community-dwelling men aged 65-89. The men in our study defined masculinity relationally with femininity and homosexuality and identified three hallmarks of masculinity, namely: physical strength, leadership, and virility...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723553/a-strategic-tension-for-hospitals-moving-upstream-cede-control-but-maintain-accountability
#5
Lauren A Taylor, Caroline Morgan Berchuck, Katherine Gergen Barnett
Health systems are focusing attention on the role that social determinants of health (SDOH) can and should play in health care delivery. This is especially true among accountable care organizations (ACOs) and Medicaid ACOs in particular. In crafting SDOH strategies, senior leadership teams may face an organizational tension in aiming to cede control over dollars, data and patient experience to community-based organizations (CBOs) while also maintaining financial accountability for health outcomes. We review the history of neighborhood health centers (NHCs) in order to foreshadow the types of critiques ACOs are likely to face in working with CBOs...
April 30, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698029/power-increases-the-socially-toxic-component-of-narcissism-among-individuals-with-high-baseline-testosterone
#6
Nicole L Mead, Roy F Baumeister, Anika Stuppy, Kathleen D Vohs
The corrosive effects of power have been noted for centuries, but the self-related changes responsible for those effects have remained somewhat elusive. Narcissists tend to rise to-and abuse-positions of power, so we considered the possibility that positions of power may corrupt because they inflate narcissism. Two pathways were considered: Powerholders abuse their power because having power over others makes them feel superior (grandiosity pathway) or deserving of special treatment (entitlement pathway). Supporting the entitlement pathway, assigning participants to a position of power (vs...
April 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688557/social-work-grand-challenges-leaders-perceptions-of-the-potential-for-partnering-with-business
#7
Ashley Long
Social work's ability to address complex societal problems such as those identified in the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare's Grand Challenges for Social Work is reliant on being innovative in how we prepare social workers and how we collaborate with others, including business. This research seeks to understand how leaders of major social work organizations perceive potential partnership with the business sector-including both possible threats and opportunities. Interviews were conducted with those serving on the Council on Social Work Education's Leadership Roundtable...
April 23, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685866/using-social-media-to-generate-and-collect-primary-data-the-showsworkplacecompassion-twitter-research-campaign
#8
Wendy Clyne, Sally Pezaro, Karen Deeny, Rosie Kneafsey
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core value embedded in the concept of quality in healthcare. The need for compassion toward healthcare staff in the workplace, for their own health and well-being and also to enable staff to deliver compassionate care for patients, is increasingly understood. However, we do not currently know how healthcare staff understand and characterize compassion toward themselves as opposed to patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use social media for the generation and collection of primary data to gain understanding of the concept of workplace compassion...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683794/the-mount-sinai-international-enhancement-of-social-work-leadership-program-the-past-and-the-future
#9
Elisa Gordon, Karen Green, Louisa Whitwam, Irwin Epstein, Susan Bernstein
Developed in 1988, the Mount Sinai International Enhancement of Social Work Leadership Program brings 4-6 social workers from several countries each year to the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, where they meet with leaders from the hospital, community based organizations and graduate schools of social work, to enhance their leadership ability, strengthen management and research skills, and build upon global social work relationships. This article reviews the results of a survey conducted in 2016 to assess whether the visiting scholars met established learning objectives of the Program...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682846/an-integrative-review-of-nurses-prosocial-behaviours-contributing-to-work-environment-optimization-organizational-performance-and-quality-of-care
#10
Janice Feather, Linda McGillis Hall, Patricia Trbovich, G Ross Baker
AIM: To rigorously review the literature on the prosocial workplace behaviours of nurses. BACKGROUND: Prosocial workplace behaviours, predominantly organisational citizenship behaviours have been theoretically and empirically found to promote individual and group level performance in various industries. However, little consensus exists in the literature regarding the impact of nurses' workplace behaviours on the work environment and organisational performance. EVALUATION: An integrative literature review was conducted on studies between 1980 and 2016...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672863/feminist-organizing-in-rural-nicaragua-assessing-a-psychosocial-process-to-promote-empowered-solidarity
#11
Anjali Dutt
This study examines a psychosocial process linking women's involvement in a grassroots women's organization with skills and experiences to promote empowered solidarity. Empowered solidarity is described as a process of increasing the sense of connection and capacity to create social transformation among a group of people united by interest in addressing a social issue. Data collected and analyzed for this research were 298 quantitative surveys conducted with two groups of women living in rural Nicaragua. One group of women were members of a grassroots feminist organization, and the other group lived in nearby communities where the organization did not offer programs...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665586/-working-conditions-and-mental-health-among-salaried-physicians-a-nationwide-comparison-with-a-representative-sample-of-employees
#12
Uwe Rose, Grit Müller, Gabriele Freude, Norbert Kersten
AIM: Do the amount of workload, strain and the association between both differ between employed physician and other employees subject to social security contributions? This is investigated in this present study by comparing two representative samples. METHODS: Psycho-social working conditions were by assessed computer-assisted personal interviews and supplemented by questions about burnout and depressive symptoms. The associations were investigated by linear regression analysis including moderating effects due to differences between occupations...
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623272/designing-place-based-interventions-for-sustainability-and-replicability-the-case-of-go-austin-vamos-austin
#13
REVIEW
Aliya Hussaini, Carmen Llanes Pulido, Semonti Basu, Nalini Ranjit
Place-based health efforts account for the role of the community environment in shaping decisions and circumstances that affect population well-being. Such efforts, rooted as they are in the theory that health is socially determined, mobilize resources for health promotion that are not typically used, and offer a more informed and robust way of promoting health outcomes within a community. Common criticisms of place-based work include the difficulty of replication , since engagement is so specific to a place, and limited sustainability of the work, in the absence of continued institutional structures, both within the community and supporting structures outside the community, to keep these initiatives resilient...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599394/improving-quality-and-safety-in-nursing-homes-and-home-care-the-study-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-research-design-to-implement-a-leadership-intervention
#14
Siri Wiig, Eline Ree, Terese Johannessen, Torunn Strømme, Marianne Storm, Ingunn Aase, Berit Ullebust, Elisabeth Holen-Rabbersvik, Line Hurup Thomsen, Anne Torhild Sandvik Pedersen, Hester van de Bovenkamp, Roland Bal, Karina Aase
INTRODUCTION: Nursing homes and home care face challenges across different countries as people are living longer, often with chronic conditions. There is a lack of knowledge regarding implementation and impact of quality and safety interventions as most research evidence so far is generated in hospitals. Additionally, there is a lack of effective leadership tools for quality and safety improvement work in this context. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The aim of the 'Improving Quality and Safety in Primary Care-Implementing a Leadership Intervention in Nursing Homes and Homecare' (SAFE-LEAD) study is to develop and evaluate a research-based leadership guide for managers to increase quality and safety competence...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588631/a-policy-guide-on-integrated-care-pgic-lessons-learned-from-eu-project-integrate-and-beyond
#15
Liesbeth Borgermans, Dirk Devroey
Efforts are underway in many European countries to channel efforts into creating improved integrated health and social care services. But most countries lack a strategic plan that is sustainable over time, and that reflects a comprehensive systems perspective. The Policy Guide on Integrated Care (PGIC) as presented in this paper resulted from experiences with the EU Project INTEGRATE and our own work with healthcare reform for patients with chronic conditions at the national and international level. This project is one of the largest EU funded projects on Integrated Care, conducted over a four-year period (2012-2016) and included partners from nine European countries...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576472/metabolic-costs-of-feeding-predictively-alter-the-spatial-distribution-of-individuals-in-fish-schools
#16
Stephanie McLean, Anna Persson, Tommy Norin, Shaun S Killen
Group living is ubiquitous among animals [1, 2], but the exact benefits of group living experienced by individual groupmates is related to their spatial location within the overall group [3-5]. Individual variation in behavioral traits and nutritional state is known to affect interactions between individuals and their social group [6, 7], but physiological mechanisms underpinning collective animal behavior remain largely unexplored [8]. Here, we show that while fish at the front of moving groups are most successful at capturing food items, these individuals then show a systematic, post-feeding movement toward the rear of groups...
March 7, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558427/the-role-of-work-related-factors-in-the-development-of-psychological-distress-and-associated-mental-disorders-differential-views-of-human-resource-managers-occupational-physicians-primary-care-physicians-and-psychotherapists-in-germany
#17
Florian Junne, Martina Michaelis, Eva Rothermund, Felicitas Stuber, Harald Gündel, Stephan Zipfel, Monika A Rieger
Objectives : This study analyses the perceived relevance of stress-dimensions in work-settings from the differential views of Human Resource Managers (HRM), Occupational Physicians (OP), Primary Care Physicians (PCP) and Psychotherapists (PT) in Germany. Methods : Cross-sectional study design, using a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive measures and explorative bivariate methods were applied for group-comparisons. Results are presented as rankings of perceived importance and as polarity profiles of contrasting views...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553146/defining-success-in-open-science
#18
Sarah E Ali-Khan, Antoine Jean, Emily MacDonald, E Richard Gold
Mounting evidence indicates that worldwide, innovation systems are increasing unsustainable. Equally, concerns about inequities in the science and innovation process, and in access to its benefits, continue. Against a backdrop of growing health, economic and scientific challenges global stakeholders are urgently seeking to spur innovation and maximize the just distribution of benefits for all. Open Science collaboration (OS) - comprising a variety of approaches to increase open, public, and rapid mobilization of scientific knowledge - is seen to be one of the most promising ways forward...
2018: MNI open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546037/the-aboriginal-australian-family-wellbeing-program-a-historical-analysis-of-the-conditions-that-enabled-its-spread
#19
Janya McCalman, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Brown, Komla Tsey, Adele Clarke
Introduction: Spreading proven or promising Aboriginal health programs and implementing them in new settings can make cost-effective contributions to a range of Aboriginal Australian development, health and wellbeing, and educational outcomes. Studies have theorized the implementation of Aboriginal health programs but have not focused explicitly on the conditions that influenced their spread. This study examined the broader political, institutional, social and economic conditions that influenced negotiations to transfer, implement, adapt, and sustain one Aboriginal empowerment program-the Family Wellbeing (FWB) program-to at least 60 geographical sites across Australia over 24 years...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542393/reflections-on-jackson-katz-and-the-mvp-program
#20
Elizabeth Wilmerding, Mari Knuth-Bouracee, Jeffrey L Edleson
This article offers reflections on the article "Bystander Training as Leadership Training: Notes on the Origins, Philosophy and Pedagogy of the Mentors in Violence Prevention Model" by Jackson Katz in this issue of Violence Against Women. The authors rely on their unique perspectives in varying roles at the University of California (UC) Berkeley, as well as on relevant social science and social justice research. The article explores five themes of violence prevention and anti-oppression work: leadership, social justice, gender identity, issues of identity and status, and diffusion of innovation...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
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