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Leadership in social work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537945/making-sense-of-effective-partnerships-among-senior-leaders-in-the-national-health-service
#1
Mahima Mitra, Timothy Hoff, Paul Brankin, Sue Dopson
BACKGROUND: Changing health care systems depend on strong organizational leadership that realizes the collaborative potential of both physician and nonphysician leaders. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to seek insight into the everyday health care leader experience by examining 24 physician and nonphysician leaders working in the U.K. National Health Service. We explored (a) how they make sense of and act with respect to specific collaborative tensions in their interactions and (b) which aspects of their everyday leadership contexts heighten the probability for producing and resolving such tensions...
May 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534277/how-do-small-groups-make-decisions-a-theoretical-framework-to-inform-the-implementation-and-study-of-clinical-competency-committees
#2
Saad Chahine, Sayra Cristancho, Jessica Padgett, Lorelei Lingard
In the competency-based medical education (CBME) approach, clinical competency committees are responsible for making decisions about trainees' competence. However, we currently lack a theoretical model for group decision-making to inform this emerging assessment phenomenon. This paper proposes an organizing framework to study and guide the decision-making processes of clinical competency committees.This is an explanatory, non-exhaustive review, tailored to identify relevant theoretical and evidence-based papers related to small group decision-making...
May 22, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524370/do-nurses-and-other-health-professionals-in-elderly-care-have-education-in-family-nursing
#3
Olivia Sissil Sunde, Karianne Røssummoen Øyen, Siri Ytrehus
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are an important resource for providing care to elderly living at home. How nurses and other health professionals interact with family caregivers can have both a positive and a negative impact on the family caregivers' situation. We lack knowledge of Norwegian nurses' and other health professionals' participation in educational programmes about family caregivers' needs and situations. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether nurses and other health professionals working in home-care nursing had participated in educational programmes about family caregivers...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#4
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501928/the-behavioral-and-social-sciences-contributions-and-opportunities-in-academic-medicine
#5
Patrick O Smith, R Kevin Grigsby
The Association of American Medical Colleges plays a leading role in supporting the expansion and evolution of academic medicine and medical science in North America, which are undergoing high-velocity change. Behavioral and social science concepts have great practical value when applied to the leadership practices and administrative structures that guide and support the rapid evolution of academic medicine and medical sciences. The authors are two behavioral and social science professionals who serve as academic administrators in academic medical centers...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486851/structure-to-utilize-interventionists-implementation-experiences-of-a-family-based-behavioral-weight-management-program-to-enhance-the-dissemination-of-the-standardized-intervention-the-today-study
#6
Jennifer Q Chadwick, Dorothy J Van Buren, Elisa Morales, Alexandra Timpson, Ericka L Abrams, Amy Syme, Jeff Preske, Gerardo Mireles, Barbara Anderson, Nisha Grover, Lori Laffel
Background For a 2- to 6-year period, interventionists for the TODAY (Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) randomized clinical trial delivered a family-based, behavioral weight-loss program (the TODAY Lifestyle Program) to 234 youth with type 2 diabetes. Interventionists held at least a bachelor's degree in psychology, social work, education, or health-related field and had experience working with children and families, especially from diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484696/collaborating-with-communities-and-higher-education-to-address-the-health-care-needs-of-individuals-with-disabilities-in-ecuador
#7
Donna J Cech, Zully J Alvarado
Individuals with disabilities experience inequities in access to health care, education, employment, and social inclusion. Causes for Change International (CCI), a non-governmental Organization (NGO), using a community-based rehabilitation approach has worked for 20 years to build self-sufficiency, improve health-care services, and education for women, children, and persons with disabilities in Ecuador. CCI initially addressed health; advocacy for individuals with disabilities; and promoted educational opportunities for children with disabilities, starting in one rural community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482767/the-impact-of-leadership-coaching-in-an-australian-healthcare-setting
#8
Anthony M Grant, Ingrid Studholme, Raj Verma, Lea Kirkwood, Bronwyn Paton, Sean O'Connor
Purpose There is limited empirical literature on the effectiveness of leadership coaching in healthcare settings. The purpose of this paper is to explore the efficacy of leadership coaching for individuals implementing strategic change in the Australian public health system. Design/methodology/approach Using a within-subjects (pre-post) design, participants ( n=31) undertook six one-hour coaching sessions. Coaching was conducted by professional leadership coaches. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481168/reorganisation-of-healthcare-services-for-children-and-families-improving-collaboration-service-quality-and-worker-well-being
#9
Monica Martinussen, Sabine Kaiser, Frode Adolfsen, Joshua Patras, Astrid M Richardsen
This study is an evaluation of a reorganisation of different services for children and their families in a Norwegian municipality. The main aim of the reorganisation was to improve interprofessional collaboration through integrating different social services for children and their parents. The evaluation was guided by the Job Demands-Resources Model with a focus on social and healthcare workers' experiences of their work, including job demands and resources, service quality, and well-being at work. The survey of the employees was conducted at three measurement points: before (T1) and after (T2, T3) the reorganisation took place, and included between 87 and 122 employees...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470856/defining-health-research-for-development-the-perspective-of-stakeholders-from-an-international-health-research-partnership-in-ghana-and-tanzania
#10
Claire Leonie Ward, David Shaw, Evelyn Anane-Sarpong, Osman Sankoh, Marcel Tanner, Bernice Elger
OBJECTIVES: The study uses a qualitative empirical method to define Health Research for Development. This project explores the perspectives of stakeholders in an international health research partnership operating in Ghana and Tanzania. METHODS: We conducted 52 key informant interviews with major stakeholders in an international multicenter partnership between GlaxoSmithKline (GSK, Vaccine Developer) and the global health nonprofit organisation PATH and its Malaria Vaccine Initiative program (PATH/MVI, Funder-Development Partner), (RTS, S) (NCT00866619)...
May 3, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403079/toward-a-mediation-model-for-nurses-well-being-and-psychological-distress-effects-of-quality-of-leadership-and-social-support-at-work
#11
Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Regina H Mulder, Christoph König, Veronika Anselmann
Given the lack of active nurses in industrialized countries throughout the world, in combination with demographic changes, it is of utmost importance to protect nurses' well-being and to prevent psychological distress, because of their strong association with premature occupational leave. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quality of leadership and social support at work on well-being and psychological distress of nurses and to determine whether nurses' overcommitment mediates the relationship between the abovementioned determinants and the outcomes...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395069/involved-in-the-business-of-death-the-social-work-role-in-postmortem-care
#12
Susan Sefansky
One way that hospitals address concerns about postmortem care is through an office of decedent affairs (ODA). Many hospitals use this office to collect death paperwork, release bodies to funeral homes, perform autopsies, or increase rates of autopsies and organ and tissue donations. It is not common for an ODA to report to the Department of Social Work rather than the Department of Pathology. Few offices put the emphasis on postmortem care for families or staff members. A comprehensive postmortem program needs many different components, including support to families (for example, viewing the dead, advising on next steps after a death, and providing bereavement support), consulting with and supporting multidisciplinary staffers, and coordinating with multiple medical center departments...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388286/understanding-the-drivers-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-among-hiv-primary-care-providers-and-case-managers-in-hiv-care-programmes
#13
Heather A Mavronicolas, Fabienne Laraque, Arti Shankar, Claudia Campbell
Care coordination programmes are an important aspect of HIV management whose success depends largely on HIV primary care provider (PCP) and case manager collaboration. Factors influencing collaboration among HIV PCPs and case managers remain to be studied. The study objective was to test an existing theoretical model of interprofessional collaborative practice and determine which factors play the most important role in facilitating collaboration. A self-administered, anonymous mail survey was sent to HIV PCPs and case managers in New York City...
May 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387577/transition-to-work-perspectives-from-the-autism-spectrum
#14
Darren Hedley, Ru Cai, Mirko Uljarevic, Mathilda Wilmot, Jennifer R Spoor, Amanda Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake
To improve employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder, it is necessary to identify factors associated with successful transition to work from the perspectives of the individual and from those who work with or support them. This study involved focus groups with adults with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 9) participating in a 3-year employment and training programme, as well as focus groups with family members ( n = 6), support staff ( n = 7) and co-workers ( n = 6). The aim was to gain better understanding of the experience of transition to work, barriers and also the factors that promote workplace success...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381112/how-do-international-medical-graduates-and-colleagues-perceive-and-deal-with-difficulties-in-everyday-collaboration-a-qualitative-study
#15
Erik Skjeggestad, Reidun Norvoll, Gro M Sandal, Pål Gulbrandsen
AIMS: Many medical doctors work outside their countries of origin. Consequently, language barriers and cultural differences may result in miscommunication and tension in the workplace, leading to poor performance and quality of treatment and affecting patient safety. However, there is little information about how foreign doctors and their colleagues perceive their collaboration and handle situations that can affect the quality of health services. METHODS: Individual, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with two groups of informants: 16 doctors who had recently started working in Norway and 12 unrelated Norwegian-born healthcare providers who had extensive experience of working with doctors from foreign countries...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359712/voluntary-medication-error-reporting-by-ed-nurses-examining-the-association-with-work-environment-and-social-capital
#16
Amany Farag, Mary Blegen, Amalia Gedney-Lose, Daniel Lose, Yelena Perkhounkova
INTRODUCTION: Medication errors are one of the most frequently occurring errors in health care settings. The complexity of the ED work environment places patients at risk for medication errors. Most hospitals rely on nurses' voluntary medication error reporting, but these errors are under-reported. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among work environment (nurse manager leadership style and safety climate), social capital (warmth and belonging relationships and organizational trust), and nurses' willingness to report medication errors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353500/how-can-medical-students-add-value-identifying-roles-barriers-and-strategies-to-advance-the-value-of-undergraduate-medical-education-to-patient-care-and-the-health-system
#17
Jed D Gonzalo, Michael Dekhtyar, Richard E Hawkins, Daniel R Wolpaw
PURPOSE: As health systems evolve, the education community is seeking to reimagine student roles that combine learning with meaningful contributions to patient care. The authors sought to identify potential stakeholders regarding the value of student work, and roles and tasks students could perform to add value to the health system, including key barriers and associated strategies to promote value-added roles in undergraduate medical education. METHOD: In 2016, 32 U...
March 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349449/a-social-identity-approach-to-understanding-and-promoting-physical-activity
#18
Mark Stevens, Tim Rees, Pete Coffee, Niklas K Steffens, S Alexander Haslam, Remco Polman
Against the backdrop of a global physical inactivity crisis, attempts to both understand and positively influence physical activity behaviours are characterized by a focus on individual-level factors (e.g. cognitions, attitudes, motivation). We outline a new perspective, drawn from an emerging body of work exploring the applicability of social identity and self-categorization theories to domains of sport and health, from which to understand and address this pervasive problem. This social identity approach suggests that the groups to which people belong can be, and often are, incorporated into their sense of self and, through this, are powerful determinants of physical activity-related behaviour...
March 27, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344837/exploring-supervisor-related-job-resources-as-mediators-between-supervisor-conflict-and-job-attitudes-in-hospital-employees
#19
Achim Elfering, Christin Gerhardt, Simone Grebner, Urs Müller
BACKGROUND: Conservation of resources theory assumes loss of resources as a cause of job strain. In hospital work, conflicts with supervisors are tested to predict lower resources, that is, supervisory social support, participation possibilities, and appreciation. All three resources are expected to predict, in turn, experienced stress (job strain) and lower job satisfaction, lower affective commitment, and a higher resigned attitude towards the job (job attitudes). METHODS: The sample included 1,073 employees from 14 Swiss hospitals (n = 604 nurses, n = 81 physicians, n = 135 medical therapists, and n = 253 technical and administrative staff)...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327141/the-first-nationwide-survey-of-md-phds-in-the-social-sciences-and-humanities-training-patterns-and-career-choices
#20
Seth M Holmes, Jennifer Karlin, Scott D Stonington, Diane L Gottheil
BACKGROUND: While several articles on MD-PhD trainees in the basic sciences have been published in the past several years, very little research exists on physician-investigators in the social sciences and humanities. However, the numbers of MD-PhDs training in these fields and the number of programs offering training in these fields are increasing, particularly within the US. In addition, accountability for the public funding for MD-PhD programs requires knowledge about this growing population of trainees and their career trajectories...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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