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Leadership in social work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327141/the-first-nationwide-survey-of-md-phds-in-the-social-sciences-and-humanities-training-patterns-and-career-choices
#1
Seth M Holmes, Jennifer Karlin, Scott D Stonington, Diane L Gottheil
BACKGROUND: While several articles on MD-PhD trainees in the basic sciences have been published in the past several years, very little research exists on physician-investigators in the social sciences and humanities. However, the numbers of MD-PhDs training in these fields and the number of programs offering training in these fields are increasing, particularly within the US. In addition, accountability for the public funding for MD-PhD programs requires knowledge about this growing population of trainees and their career trajectories...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265251/looking-through-the-glass-ceiling-a-qualitative-study-of-stem-women-s-career-narratives
#2
Mary J Amon
Although efforts have been directed toward the advancement of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) positions, little research has directly examined women's perspectives and bottom-up strategies for advancing in male-stereotyped disciplines. The present study utilized Photovoice, a Participatory Action Research method, to identify themes that underlie women's experiences in traditionally male-dominated fields. Photovoice enables participants to convey unique aspects of their experiences via photographs and their in-depth knowledge of a community through personal narrative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262973/trouble-in-transit-organizational-barriers-to-workers-health
#3
Nicole P Bowles, Bruce S McEwen, Carla Boutin-Foster
BACKGROUND: Valuable insights on the health and behavior of transit workers can be obtained from qualitative research that considers the social environment, which affects job performance and determines levels of perceived stress. METHODS: Using a grounded theory approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with American transit workers (n = 32). Recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a constant comparative method. RESULTS: Participants described categories related to entrenched organizational practices, particularly managements' leadership style, which created an atmosphere of distrust...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239486/using-brothel-leadership-to-promote-condom-use-among-brothel-based-female-sex-workers-in-abuja-nigeria-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-pilot-trial
#4
Uchenna Okafor, Rik Crutzen, Ifeanyi Okekearu, Sylvia Adebajo, Adaora Uzoh, Egbe Aneotah Awo, Chukwuemeka Chima, Ogechukwu Agwagwa, Bart van den Borne
BACKGROUND: The HIV prevalence among female populations involved in sex work in Nigeria has heightened interest in HIV prevention programming for this sub-population with brothel-based female sex workers (BB FSWs) having a prevalence of 27.4%, six times higher than the prevalence in the general population. METHODS/DESIGN: The clusters in the randomized pilot trial will be brothels and female sex workers (FSWs) residing in the brothels will be the participants of the study...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239234/harnessing-demographic-differences-in-organizations-what-moderates-the-effects-of-workplace-diversity
#5
Yves R F Guillaume, Jeremy F Dawson, Lilian Otaye-Ebede, Stephen A Woods, Michael A West
To account for the double-edged nature of demographic workplace diversity (i.e,. relational demography, work group diversity, and organizational diversity) effects on social integration, performance, and well-being-related variables, research has moved away from simple main effect approaches and started examining variables that moderate these effects. While there is no shortage of primary studies of the conditions under which diversity leads to positive or negative outcomes, it remains unclear which contingency factors make it work...
February 2017: Journal of Organizational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225463/doctors-without-borders
#6
Val Wass, Lesley Southgate
The unprecedented demands of patient and population priorities created by globalization and escalating health and social inequities will not be met unless medical education changes. Educators have failed to move fast enough to create an education framework that meets current population needs. A new common set of professional values around global social accountability is necessary. Education borders must be broken down at three levels-societal-institutional, interpersonal, and individual.At a societal-institutional level, global health must be embraced as part of a philosophy of population needs, human rights, equity, and justice...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224690/health-professionals-working-effectively-with-support-workers-to-enhance-the-quality-of-support-for-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-meta-ethnography
#7
David Haines, Alexander Brown
BACKGROUND: Paid support workers are often central to the quality of life of adults with intellectual disabilities. Health and social care professionals increasingly carry out interventions indirectly through those support workers and therefore need to understand how best to collaborate. METHODS: This article synthesizes findings from the qualitative research of others investigating health professionals' work with support staff. From sixty-two articles retrieved from a database and journal search, seven met inclusion criteria and a meta-ethnographic synthesis allowed construction of an interpretive line-of-argument...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219632/alfred-pischinger-1899-1983-an-austrian-career-in-anatomy-continuing-through-national-socialism-to-postwar-leadership
#8
Sabine Hildebrandt, Gabriele Czarnowski
Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz...
February 20, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178859/an-ordinary-life-people-with-dementia-living-in-a-residential-setting
#9
Tula Brannelly, Jean A Gilmour, Heidi O'Reilly, Mary Leighton, Allana Woodford
The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of care support workers and family members of the impact of a new care approach in a specialised unit as it shifted from a clinical to an inclusive model, focused on creating an ordinary life for people with dementia and their families. The research was a partnership between the unit staff and university researchers. Using a qualitative approach, data were collected in focus groups with 11 family members and nine staff members. Thematic analysis identified the themes personalised care for people with dementia, family involvement - continuing to care, and staff competence and confidence to care...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157569/international-synthesis-and-case-study-examination-of-promising-caregiver-friendly-workplaces
#10
Shruti Ramesh, Rachelle Ireson, Allison Williams
The nature of unpaid caregiving is changing significantly in response to the changing nature of families, increased average life expectancy, and the rise in elderly populations. In order to adapt to these challenges, there is an increased focus on the workplace as a source of support for caregiver-employees (CEs), or employees providing unpaid care to a family member or friend while also working in paid employment. As demonstrated by Ireson et al. (2016), a number of workplaces in Canada and abroad are currently showing leadership with respect to the provision of caregiver-friendly workplace policies (CFWPs)...
January 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156487/pathwell-the-development-of-a-triage-center-and-access-hub-for-comprehensive-palliative-care-in-oncology
#11
Erika Lauren Tribett, Marcy Winget, LaTisha Webster, Dorothy Valmayor, Jenna Lunger, Patricia Falconer
162 Background: Routine screening to identify palliative care (PC) needs, followed by assessment and management of needs is critical for high-quality cancer care. Our current healthcare system there is poor screening for PC needs, low referral rates to PC services, and unmet needs. In response to these gaps, we developed a dedicated triage center to streamline the assessment of PC needs and better connect patients with appropriate supportive care services. METHODS: We identified 24 services at our academic cancer center that provide PC and supportive services...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152793/transitions-in-care-and-reduction-in-discharge-errors
#12
Tara Szyamnski, Megan Begnoche, Carol Chase, Michelle Moreau, Jessica Barnett
77 Background: Patients are often overwhelmed at the time of hospital discharge and focus on home rather than the discharge process. Fragmented communication and lack of planning between the hospital team, patient, family and primary oncologist can lead to frustration and delays in implementation of palliative or curative therapies and potential hospital readmission when the plan of care is not followed in a timely manner. Our goal is to avoid medication errors, delays in implementation of a care plan and reemergence of symptoms or new symptoms as a result of a suboptimal discharge transition...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145617/improving-exchange-with-consumers-within-mental-health-organizations-recognizing-mental-ill-health-experience-as-a-sneaky-special-degree
#13
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Stigmatizing views towards consumers may be held even by those working within mental health organizations. Contemporary mental health policies require organizations to work collaboratively with consumers in producing and delivering services. Using social exchange theory, which emphasises mutual exchange to maximise benefits in partnership, the current study explores the perspectives of those working within organizations that have some level of consumer leadership. Interviews were conducted with 14 participants from a range of mental health organizations...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132582/non-deployment-factors-affecting-psychological-wellbeing-in-military-personnel-literature-review
#14
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128043/healthcare-leadership-s-diversity-paradox
#15
Reginald Silver
Purpose The purpose of this research study was to obtain healthcare executives' perspectives on diversity in executive healthcare leadership. The study focused on identifying perspectives about diversity and its potential impact on the access of healthcare services by people of color. The study also identified perspectives about factors that influence the attainment of executive healthcare roles by people of color. Design/methodology/approach A convenience sample of healthcare executives was obtained. The executives identified themselves as belonging to one of two subgroups, White healthcare executives or executives of color...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125904/structured-mentoring-for-workforce-engagement-and-professional-development-in-public-health-settings
#16
Stephanie A Dopson, Sue Griffey, Neelam Ghiya, Susan Laird, Aubrey Cyphert, John Iskander
Mentoring is commonly used to facilitate professional growth and workforce development in a variety of settings. Organizations can use mentoring to help achieve broader personnel goals including leadership development and succession planning. While mentorship can be incorporated into training programs in public health, there are other examples of structured mentoring, with time commitments ranging from minutes to months or longer. Based on a review of the literature in public health and aggregated personal subject matter expertise of existing programs at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we summarize selected mentoring models that vary primarily by time commitments and meeting frequency and identify specific work situations to which they may be applicable, primarily from the federal job experience point of view...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125257/leadership-in-applied-psychology-three-waves-of-theory-and-research
#17
Robert G Lord, David V Day, Stephen J Zaccaro, Bruce J Avolio, Alice H Eagly
Although in the early years of the Journal leadership research was rare and focused primarily on traits differentiating leaders from nonleaders, subsequent to World War II the research area developed in 3 major waves of conceptual, empirical, and methodological advances: (a) behavioral and attitude research; (b) behavioral, social-cognitive, and contingency research; and (c) transformational, social exchange, team, and gender-related research. Our review of this work shows dramatic increases in sophistication from early research focusing on personnel issues associated with World War I to contemporary multilevel models and meta-analyses on teams, shared leadership, leader-member exchange, gender, ethical, abusive, charismatic, and transformational leadership...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114940/the-role-of-organizational-context-in-moderating-the-effect-of-research-use-on-pain-outcomes-in-hospitalized-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Janet Yamada, Janet E Squires, Carole A Estabrooks, Charles Victor, Bonnie Stevens
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial research on pediatric pain assessment and management, health care professionals do not adequately incorporate this knowledge into clinical practice. Organizational context (work environment) is a significant factor in influencing outcomes; however, the nature of the mechanisms are relatively unknown. The objective of this study was to assess how organizational context moderates the effect of research use and pain outcomes in hospitalized children. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken with 779 nurses in 32 patient care units in 8 Canadian pediatric hospitals, following implementation of a multifaceted knowledge translation intervention, Evidence-based Practice for Improving Quality (EPIQ)...
January 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079726/the-charter-on-professionalism-for-health-care-organizations
#19
Barry E Egener, Diana J Mason, Walter J McDonald, Sally Okun, Meg E Gaines, David A Fleming, Bernie M Rosof, David Gullen, May-Lynn Andresen
In 2002, the Physician Charter on Medical Professionalism was published to provide physicians with guidance for decision making in a rapidly changing environment. Feedback from physicians indicated that they were unable to fully live up to the principles in the 2002 charter partly because of their employing or affiliated health care organizations. A multistakeholder group has developed a Charter on Professionalism for Health Care Organizations, which may provide more guidance than charters for individual disciplines, given the current structure of health care delivery systems...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068957/psychological-social-and-mechanical-work-exposures-and-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study
#20
Jan S Emberland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
BACKGROUND: Relations between several occupational psychological and social factors and disability retirement remain largely unexplored. Knowledge of which specific aspects of the work environment that affect risk of disability is a prerequisite for the success of organizational interventions aiming to prevent premature work force exit. The objective of the present study was to determine contributions to registered disability retirement by a broad range of psychological and social work exposures while taking into account effects of mechanical exposure...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
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