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Leadership in social work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148598/job-strain-in-nursing-homes-exploring-the-impact-of-leadership
#1
Annica Backman, Karin Sjögren, Hugo Lövheim, David Edvardsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the association between leadership behaviours, job strain and social support as perceived by direct care staff in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: It is well known that aged care staff experience high levels of job strain, and that aged care staff experiencing job strain are exposed to increased risk for adverse health effects. Managerial leadership styles have been associated to job strain in the literature, however, the impact of perceived leadership behaviors' on staff job strain and social support has not been clarified within this context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124785/time-to-address-gender-inequalities-against-female-physicians
#3
Suad Hannawi, Issa Al Salmi
Although the health care system depends heavily on female physicians, it discriminates against women and tends to concentrate female physicians' work in lower status occupations. Gender discrimination has structural, social, and cultural dimensions. Such discrimination is perceived differently by various stakeholders and the public. In addition, there is reluctance to publicly acknowledge gender discrimination, especially in the culturally conservative Middle East region. Gender discrimination leads to underrepresentation of female physicians in leadership roles and certain specialties and hence leads to less attention and understanding of the working conditions of female physicians and their roles in the health care system...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101137/collective-leadership-and-safety-cultures-co-lead-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-pilot-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-co-designed-collective-leadership-intervention-on-team-performance-and-safety-culture-in-a-hospital-group-in-ireland
#4
Eilish McAuliffe, Aoife De Brún, Marie Ward, Marie O'Shea, Una Cunningham, Róisín O'Donovan, Sinead McGinley, John Fitzsimons, Siobhán Corrigan, Nick McDonald
INTRODUCTION: There is accumulating evidence implicating the role of leadership in system failures that have resulted in a range of errors in healthcare, from misdiagnoses to failures to recognise and respond to patient deterioration. This has led to concerns about traditional hierarchical leadership structures and created an interest in the development of collective ways of working that distribute leadership roles and responsibilities across team members. Such collective leadership approaches have been associated with improved team performance and staff engagement...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090190/exploring-interprofessional-interagency-multimorbidity-care-case-study-based-observational-research
#5
Eileen M McKinlay, Sonya J Morgan, Ben V Gray, Lindsay M Macdonald, Susan R H Pullon
BACKGROUND: The increase in multimorbidity or co-occurring chronic illnesses is a leading healthcare concern. Patients with multimorbidity require ongoing care from many different professionals and agencies, and often report a lack of integrated care. OBJECTIVE: To explore the daily help-seeking behaviours of patients with multimorbidity, including which health professionals they seek help from, how professionals work together, and perceptions and characteristics of effective interprofessional, interagency multimorbidity care...
2017: J Comorb
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081995/everyday-resilience-in-district-health-systems-emerging-insights-from-the-front-lines-in-kenya-and-south-africa
#6
Lucy Gilson, Edwine Barasa, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo, Susan Cleary, Jane Goudge, Sassy Molyneux, Benjamin Tsofa, Uta Lehmann
Recent global crises have brought into sharp relief the absolute necessity of resilient health systems that can recognise and react to societal crises. While such crises focus the global mind, the real work lies, however, in being resilient in the face of routine, multiple challenges. But what are these challenges and what is the work of nurturing everyday resilience in health systems? This paper considers these questions, drawing on long-term, primarily qualitative research conducted in three different district health system settings in Kenya and South Africa, and adopting principles from case study research methodology and meta-synthesis in its analytic approach...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066908/establishing-community-based-integrated-care-for-elderly-patients-through-interprofessional-teamwork-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
Tomohiro Asakawa, Hidenobu Kawabata, Kengo Kisa, Takayoshi Terashita, Manabu Murakami, Junji Otaki
BACKGROUND: Working in multidisciplinary teams is indispensable for ensuring high-quality care for elderly people in Japan's rapidly aging society. However, health professionals often experience difficulty collaborating in practice because of their different educational backgrounds, ideas, and the roles of each profession. In this qualitative descriptive study, we reveal how to build interdisciplinary collaboration in multidisciplinary teams. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a total of 26 medical professionals, including physicians, nurses, public health nurses, medical social workers, and clerical personnel...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032390/psychosocial-work-environment-and-mental-health-related-long-term-sickness-absence-among-nurses
#8
Corné A M Roelen, Marieke F A van Hoffen, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Jos W R Twisk, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E Moen, Ståle Pallesen
PURPOSE: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. METHODS: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up...
October 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024363/prevalence-predictors-and-correlates-of-insomnia-in-us-army-soldiers
#9
Elizabeth A Klingaman, Janeese A Brownlow, Elaine M Boland, Caterina Mosti, Philip R Gehrman
The objective of this study was to investigate the rates, predictors and correlates of insomnia in a national sample of US Army soldiers. Data were gathered from the cross-sectional survey responses of the All-Army Study, of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members. Participants were a representative sample of 21 499 US Army soldiers who responded to the All-Army Study self-administered questionnaire between 2011 and 2013. Insomnia was defined by selected DSM-5 criteria using the Brief Insomnia Questionnaire...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018824/leadership-and-bullying-in-the-forestry-organization-of-turkey
#10
Mahmut M Bayramoğlu, Devlet Toksoy
It is observed that the importance of executive-employee relationships is continuously increasing in today's professional life in addition to the importance of leadership types of managers along with the efficiency of employees as well as the sufficiency of these people in their social relations. Communication of employees with one another and with their manager, along with their social relations, is among the most important factors that sustain an organization. Bullying is a kind of psychological terror that takes place in the form of repeated attacks among workers, as well as by the manager on the employees, aiming to instill stress, job dissatisfaction, and exhaustion on the employees...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016164/linking-job-relevant-personality-traits-transformational-leadership-and-job-performance-via-perceived-meaningfulness-at-work-a-moderated-mediation-model
#11
Rachel E Frieder, Gang Wang, In-Sue Oh
By integrating the fundamental principles of the theory of purposeful work behavior (TPWB; Barrick, Mount, & Li, 2013) with cognitive-affective personality system (CAPS) theory (Mischel, 1977; Mischel & Shoda, 1995), we examine how and when salespeople's job-relevant personality traits relate to their performance. We argue that individuals with personality traits that fit outdoor sales jobs (i.e., conscientious, extraversion, openness to experience) will perceive their work as more meaningful and as a result achieve heightened performance...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992156/what-works-in-implementation-of-integrated-care-programs-for-older-adults-with-complex-needs-a-realist-review
#12
Maritt Kirst, Jennifer Im, Tim Burns, G Ross Baker, Jodeme Goldhar, Patricia O'Campo, Anne Wojtak, Walter P Wodchis
Purpose: A realist review of the evaluative evidence was conducted on integrated care (IC) programs for older adults to identify key processes that lead to the success or failure of these programs in achieving outcomes such as reduced healthcare utilization, improved patient health, and improved patient and caregiver experience. Data sources: International academic literature was searched in 12 indexed, electronic databases and gray literature through internet searches, to identify evaluative studies...
October 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977541/local-health-and-social-care-responses-to-implementing-the-national-cold-weather-plan
#13
C Heffernan, L Jones, B Ritchie, B Erens, Zaid Chalabi, N Mays
Background: The Cold Weather Plan (CWP) for England was launched by the Department of Health in 2011 to prevent avoidable harm to health by cold weather by enabling individuals to prepare and respond appropriately. This study sought the views of local decision makers involved in the implementation of the CWP in the winter of 2012/13 to establish the effects of the CWP on local planning. It was part of a multi-component independent evaluation of the CWP. Methods: Ten LA areas were purposively sampled which varied in level of deprivation and urbanism...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970019/reflections-on-the-contributions-of-self-advocates-to-an-interdisciplinary-leadership-development-program-for-graduate-students-in-health-affairs
#14
Angela Rosenberg, Deborah Zuver, McCafferty Kermon, Claudia Fernandez, Lewis H Margolis
BACKGROUND: To advance equity and to enhance leadership skills, self-advocates with intellectual/developmental disabilities are now part of the cohort of trainees in the University of North Carolina LEND, which means that they fully participate in the Interdisciplinary Leadership Development Program, a collaboration among programs in public health, social work, and LEND, which meets monthly. OBJECTIVE: Given this important new participation by self-advocates, this study analyzes the reflections of graduate students on the contributions of self-advocates to their leadership training...
September 14, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936121/a-mixed-method-study-of-an-education-intervention-to-reduce-use-of-restraint-and-implement-person-centered-dementia-care-in-nursing-homes
#15
Frode F Jacobsen, Tone Elin Mekki, Oddvar Førland, Bjarte Folkestad, Øyvind Kirkevold, Randi Skår, Eva Marie Tveit, Christine Øye
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia in nursing homes are most likely to be restrained. The primary aim of this mixed-method education intervention study was to investigate which factors hindered or facilitated staff awareness related to confidence building initiatives based on person-centred care, as an alternative to restraint in residents with dementia in nursing homes. The education intervention, consisting of a two-day seminar and monthly coaching sessions for six months, targeted nursing staff in 24 nursing homes in Western Norway...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930765/encouraging-reflexivity-in-a-residency-leadership-development-program-expanding-outside-the-competency-approach
#16
Justin T Clapp, Emily K B Gordon, Dimitry J Baranov, Beulah Trey, Felice Y Tilin, Lee A Fleisher
PROBLEM: While leadership development is increasingly a goal of academic medicine, it is typically framed as competency acquisition, which can limit its focus to a circumscribed set of social behaviors. This orientation may also reinforce the cultural characteristics of academic medicine that can make effective leadership difficult, rather than training leaders capable of examining and changing this culture. Expanding leadership development so it promotes social reflexivity presents a way to bolster some of the weaknesses of the competency paradigm...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#17
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905047/use-of-community-health-workers-and-patient-navigators-to-improve-cancer-outcomes-among-patients-served-by-federally-qualified-health-centers-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Katherine B Roland, Erin L Milliken, Elizabeth A Rohan, Amy DeGroff, Susan White, Stephanie Melillo, William E Rorie, Carmita-Anita C Signes, Paul A Young
Introduction: In the United States, disparities in cancer screening, morbidity, and mortality are well documented, and often are related to race/ethnicity and socioeconomic indicators including income, education, and healthcare access. Public health approaches that address social determinants of health have the greatest potential public health benefit, and can positively impact health disparities. As public health interventions, community health workers (CHWs), and patient navigators (PNs) work to address disparities and improve cancer outcomes through education, connecting patients to and navigating them through the healthcare system, supporting patient adherence to screening and diagnostic services, and providing social support and linkages to financial and community resources...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882749/the-consequences-of-violence-against-nurses-working-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study
#20
H Hassankhani, N Parizad, J Gacki-Smith, A Rahmani, E Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) in healthcare organizations can lead to serious consequences that negatively affect nurses' lives and patient care. There is limited research on the deeper, underlying consequences of WPV for emergency nurses, particularly among emergency nurses in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory design was utilized. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen nurses working in emergency departments in five hospitals in west and east Azerbaijan of Iran...
September 4, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
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