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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350892/dynamic-assessment-of-narratives-efficient-accurate-identification-of-language-impairment-in-bilingual-students
#1
Douglas B Petersen, Helen Chanthongthip, Teresa A Ukrainetz, Trina D Spencer, Roger W Steeve
Purpose: This study investigated the classification accuracy of a concentrated English narrative dynamic assessment (DA) for identifying language impairment (LI). Method: Forty-two Spanish-English bilingual kindergarten to third-grade children (10 LI and 32 with no LI) were administered two 25-min DA test-teach-test sessions. Pre- and posttest narrative retells were scored in real time. Using a structured intervention approach, examiners taught children missing story grammar elements and subordination...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346633/one-stage-posterior-approach-in-the-treatment-of-consecutive-multi-segment-thoracic-tuberculosis-with-kyphosis
#2
Zhong Nanzhe, Kong Jinhai, Sun Zhengwang, Qian Ming, Liu Tielong, Xiao Jianru
AIM: This study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of one-stage posterior approach in treating consecutive multiple-segment thoracic tuberculosis with kyphosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed. The data of 22 patients with consecutive multi-level thoracic tuberculosis who underwent one-stage posterior approach of debridement, bone grafting, and drainage with pedicle screws fixation were collected. The kyphotic angle was 61.6°±3.1° pre-operatively...
February 27, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346260/effectiveness-analysis-of-a-part-time-rapid-response-system-during-operation-versus-nonoperation
#3
Youlim Kim, Dong Seon Lee, Hyunju Min, Yun Young Choi, Eun Young Lee, Inae Song, Jong Sun Park, Young-Jae Cho, You Hwan Jo, Ho Il Yoon, Jae Ho Lee, Choon-Taek Lee, Sang Hwan Do, Yeon Joo Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a part-time rapid response system on the occurrence rate of cardiopulmonary arrest by comparing the times of rapid response system operation versus nonoperation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A 1,360-bed tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Adult patients admitted to the general ward were screened. Data were collected over 36 months from rapid response system implementation (October 2012 to September 2015) and more than 45 months before rapid response system implementation (January 2009 to September 2012)...
March 24, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345845/the-pre-treatment-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-a-useful-tool-in-predicting-non-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-cases
#4
Suphawat Laohawiriyakamol, Somrit Mahattanobon, Supparerk Laohawiriyakamol, Puttisak Puttawibul
Background: The sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a highly accurate predictor of overall axillary nodal status in early breast cancer patients. There is however, still a debate on which patients with a positive SLN can benefit from axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Numerous studies have been designed to identify variables that are predictive of non-SLN metastasis to avoid a complete ALND. The aim of this study was to determine whether the pre-treatment neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can be a predictive factor of non-SLN metastasis in early breast cancer patients...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345826/value-of-sentinel-lymph-node-sln-mapping-and-biopsy-using-combined-intracervical-radiotracers-and-blue-dye-injections-for-endometrial-cancer
#5
Farah Farzaneh, Atefeh Moridi, Zahra Azizmohammadi, Mojtaba Ansari J, Maryam Sadat Hosseini, Maliheh Arab, Tahereh Ashrafganjoei, Mina Mazaheri
Background: Lymphadenectomy, as part of the initial surgical staging of patients with endometrial carcinoma, remains a controversial topic in gynecologic oncology. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has become a well-accepted procedure for melanomas and breast cancer; a number of investigators have begun to explore the utility and accuracy of this technique with regard to endometrial cancer. Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate SLN mapping of early stage endometrial cancer with blue dye in conjunction with a radioactive tracer...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344949/the-effect-of-anesthesia-on-the-ventilatory-functions-of-patients-with-maxillo-mandibular-fixation
#6
B I Akhiwu, H O Akhiwu, B D Saheeb, M M Habeeb
BACKGROUND: Maxillo-mandibular fixation (MMF) is a procedure still routinely practiced in developing countries. AIM: To determine the variations in pulmonary functions readings between cases treated under general anesthesia (GA) and those treated under local anesthesia (LA). METHODOLOGY: A descriptive hospital-based study of 106 patients was carried out from January 2011- December 2012. Information was obtained using a questionnaire and all study subjects had their baseline lung functions and their post-operative daily lung function parameters measured for the first week and then weekly for the next five weeks...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344731/review-of-physical-activity-benefits-and-potential-considerations-for-individuals-with-surgical-fusion-of-spine-for-scoliosis
#7
EDITORIAL
Rumit Singh Kakar, Kathy J Simpson, Bhibha M DAS, Cathleen N Brown
Evidence-based recommendations for physical activity following spinal fusion surgeries for idiopathic scoliosis are limited, specifically in the adolescent population. Individuals with scoliosis treated operatively or non-operatively have been reported to participate in less than 1-3 days/week of even mildly strenuous physical exercises. Over 40% of individuals with scoliosis returned to sports at a level lower than pre-operative participation levels or did not return at all post spinal fusion. It is particularly important for human movement specialists, such as physical therapists, occupational therapists, athletic trainers and kinesiologists to assist these individuals effectively transition to and maintain engagement in physical activity...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344160/pre-operative-predictors-of-poor-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-lower-extremity-revascularisation-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Mohammed Ashrafi, Rohini Salvadi, Philip Foden, Stephanie Thomas, Mohamed Baguneid
BACKGROUND: Surgical lower extremity revascularisation (LER) can lead to poor outcomes that include delayed hospital discharge, in-hospital mortality, major amputations and readmissions. The aim of this study was to identify pre-operative predictors associated with these poor clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients (n = 635; mean age 69; male 67.4%) who underwent surgical LER over a 5 year period in a single tertiary vascular institution were identified...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344157/surgical-procedures-in-liver-transplant-patients-a-monocentric-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Daniele Sommacale, Ganesh Nagarajan, Martin Lhuaire, Federica Dondero, Patrick Pessaux, Tullio Piardi, Alain Sauvanet, Reza Kianmanesh, Jacques Belghiti
BACKGROUND: Pre-existing chronic liver diseases and the complexity of the transplant surgery procedures lead to a greater risk of further surgery in transplanted patients compared to the general population. The aim of this monocentric retrospective cohort study was to assess the epidemiology of surgical complications in liver transplanted patients who require further surgical procedures and to characterize their post-operative risk of complications to enhance their medical care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1997 to December 2011, 1211 patients underwent orthotropic liver transplantation in our center...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344029/herbasl-remedies-for-urinary-stones-used-in-india-and-china-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Deepak M Kasote, Suresh D Jagtap, Dinesh Thapa, Mahendra S Khyade, Wendy R Russell
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The process of formation or appearance of a urinary stone anywhere in the renal tract is known as urolithiasis. It is a longstanding health problem, known to exist since early age of civilization. Records about symptoms, signs and treatment strategies of urinary stones diseases are found in the several ancient texts of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Siddha and Unani. In Ayurveda, urolithiasis has been considered as one of the eight most troublesome diseases...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343893/local-hemostatic-matrix-for-endoscope-assisted-removal-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-is-safe-and-effective
#11
Hui-Tzung Luh, Abel Po-Hao Huang, Shih-Hung Yang, Chien-Ming Chen, Der-Yang Cho, Chun-Chung Chen, Lu-Ting Kuo, Chieh-Hsun Li, Kuo-Chuan Wang, Wei-Lung Tseng, Ming-Tai Hsing, Bing-Shiang Yang, Dar-Ming Lai, Jui-Chang Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Minimally invasive endoscope-assisted (MIE) evacuation of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is simple and effective, but the limited working space may hinder meticulous hemostasis and might lead to rebleeding. Management of intraoperative hemorrhage is therefore a critical issue of this study. This study presents experience in the treatment of patients with various types of ICH by MIE evacuation followed by direct local injection of FloSeal Hemostatic Matrix (Baxter Healthcare Corp, Fremont, CA, USA) for hemostasis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343325/mri-can-accurately-detect-meniscal-ramp-lesions-of-the-knee
#12
Justin W Arner, Elmar Herbst, Jeremy M Burnham, Ashish Soni, Jan-Hendrik Naendrup, Adam Popchak, Freddie H Fu, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE: Posterior horn meniscal tears are commonly found in conjunction with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Some believe tears in the posterior meniscocapsular zone, coined ramp lesions, are important to knee stability. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pre-operative MRI evaluation was able to accurately and reproducibly identify ramp lesions. METHODS: Three blinded reviewers assessed MRIs twice for the presence of ramp lesions in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction...
March 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343082/lateralizing-language-function-with-pre-operative-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-early-proficient-bilingual-patients
#13
Monika M Połczyńska, Kevin Japardi, Susan Y Bookheimer
Research on bilinguals with brain lesions is complicated by high patient variability, making it difficult to find well-matched controls. We benefitted from a database of over 700 patients and conducted an analysis of pre-operative functional magnetic resonance imaging data to assess language dominance in 25 early, highly proficient Spanish-English bilinguals, and 25 carefully matched monolingual controls. Our results showed that early bilingualism is associated with greater bilateral hemispheric involvement, and monolingualism is associated with stronger left hemisphere lateralization (p=0...
March 23, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343030/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-role-of-endoscopic-retrograde-pancreatography-in-the-management-of-traumatic-pancreatic-duct-injury-patients-single-center-experience-for-34-years
#14
Seongyup Kim, Jae Woo Kim, Pil Young Jung, Hye Youn Kwon, Hongjin Shim, Ji Young Jang, Keum Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: Traumatic pancreatic injuries are rare and present diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. We evaluated the usefulness of endoscopic retrograde pancreatography and transpapillary pancreatic stent in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic trauma patients. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 83 pancreas trauma patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde pancreatography for the suspicion of pancreas duct injury between January 1983 and December 2016...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342782/the-modified-glasgow-prognostic-score-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-bone-and-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#15
Rossel Morhij, Ashish Mahendra, Mike Jane, Donald C McMillan
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of markers of the systemic inflammatory response in patients with soft tissue and bone sarcomas remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to compare the prognostic value of markers of the systemic inflammatory response in patients undergoing surgery for primary soft tissue and bone sarcoma. METHOD: Patients who underwent resection of primary soft tissue/bone sarcoma between 2008 and 2012 and had pre-operative measurements of the systemic inflammatory response [C-reactive protein, albumin, white cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte and platelet counts, and the combination of C-reactive protein and albumin (mGPS)] were included in the study (n = 111)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342392/value-of-the-68-ga-dotatate-pet-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-endometriosis-a-pilot-study
#16
M Fastrez, C Artigas, N Sirtaine, Z Wimana, M Caillet, S Rozenberg, P Flamen
OBJECTIVE: The non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis remains challenging. Recent data suggested that somatostatin might be involved in its pathogenesis. High sensitive visualization of somatostatin receptors expression is possible using PET-CT imaging after the administration of a (68)Ga-labeled somatostatin analog (DOTATATE) that will bind to the somatostatin receptor sub-types 2 and 5. The aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET-CT in the diagnosis of endometriosis...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341909/metagenomic-analyses-of-bacterial-endophytes-associated-with-the-phyllosphere-of-a-bt-maize-cultivar-and-its-isogenic-parental-line-from-south-africa
#17
Ramadimetja A Mashiane, Obinna T Ezeokoli, Rasheed A Adeleke, Cornelius C Bezuidenhout
Genetic modification of maize with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cry proteins may predispose shifts in the bacterial endophytes' community associated with maize shoots. In this study, the diversity of bacterial endophytes associated with a Bt maize genotype (Mon810) and its isogenic non-transgenic parental line were investigated at pre-flowering (50 days) and post-flowering (90 days) developmental stages. PCR-DGGE and high throughput sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq sequencer were used to characterize bacterial 16S rRNA gene diversity in leaves, stems, seeds and tassels...
April 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341868/risk-factors-of-reoperation-after-pancreatic-resection
#18
Heather G Lyu, Gaurav Sharma, Ethan Brovman, Julius Ejiofor, Aparna Repaka, Richard D Urman, Jason S Gold, Edward E Whang
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic resection is associated with a high incidence of postoperative complications, some of which require reoperation. AIMS: To analyze the incidence of and risk factors for reoperation following pancreatectomy. METHODS: Pre- and postoperative information and procedure characteristics of 15,549 patients having undergone pancreatectomy in 435 hospitals participating in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program from 2011 to 2014 were analyzed...
March 24, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341751/low-recombination-proficiency-score-rps-predicts-heightened-sensitivity-to-dna-damaging-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer
#19
Sean Pitroda, Riyue Bao, Jorge Andrade, Ralph R Weichselbaum, Philip P Connell
PURPOSE: Molecular-based cancer tests have been developed to augment the standard clinical and pathologic features used to tailor treatments to individual breast cancer patients. Homologous recombination (HR) repairs double-stranded DNA breaks and promotes tolerance to lesions that disrupt DNA replication. Recombination Proficiency Score (RPS) quantifies HR efficiency based on the expression of four genes involved in DNA damage repair. We hypothesized low RPS values can identify HR-deficient breast cancers most sensitive to DNA-damaging chemotherapy...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341539/functional-results-in-endoscopic-zenker-s-diverticulum-surgery
#20
A Dissard, L Gilain, R Pastourel, T Mom, N Saroul
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this retrospective study was to assess functional results in endoscopic Zenker's diverticulum surgery. The secondary objectives were to assess safety, identify recurrence risk factors, and determine optimal management of recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2000 to 2014, 50 patients underwent endoscopic surgery for marsupialization of Zenker's diverticulum. Regurgitation and dysphagia were assessed on the FOIS scale, pre- and post-operatively...
March 21, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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