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techniques in abdominal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651396/correcting-flank-skin-laxity-and-dog-ear-plus-aggressive-liposuction-a-technique-for-classic-abdominoplasty-in-middle-eastern-obese-women
#1
Seyed Nejat Hosseini, Ali Ammari, Seyed Mehdi Mousavizadeh
BACKGROUND: Nowadays obesity is a common problem as it leads to abdominal deformation and people's dissatisfaction of their own body. This study has explored using a new surgical technique based on a different incision to reform the flank skin laxity and dog ear plus aggressive liposuction on women with abdominal deformities. METHODS: From May 2014 to February 2016 , 25 women were chosen for this study. All women had a body mass index more than 28 kg/m2 , flank folding, bulging and excess fat, abdominal and flank skin sagging and laxity...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651329/ischaemia-of-the-medullary-cone-after-stent-graft-implantation-in-a-patient-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-study
#2
Mariusz Wachowski, Michał Polguj, Janusz Ścibór, Agata Majos
Preoperative visualization of the Adamkiewicz artery - the vessel which is to a great extent responsible for supplying blood to the medullary cone - is an important step which must be taken before initiating restorative procedures in the aorta. We present a case of a 67-year-old patient who underwent an intravascular stent-graft implantation procedure, due to clinical signs of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Routine pre-operative computed tomography examination failed to demonstrate the Adamkiewicz artery. On the second day after the surgery, as a result of unexpected clinical deterioration, an magnetic resonance imaging examination of the lumbar spine was carried out...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648413/joint-consensus-on-abdominal-robotic-surgery-and-anaesthesia-from-a-task-force-of-the-siaarti-and-sic
#3
Antonio Corcione, Pierluigi Angelini, Lapo Bencini, Elisabetta Bertellini, Felice Borghi, Claudio Buccelli, Giuseppe Coletta, Clelia Esposito, Vincenzo Graziano, Fabio Guarracino, Domenico Marchi, Pasquale Misitano, Anna M Mori, Mariano Paternoster, Vincenzo Pennestrì, Vittorio Perrone, Luigi Pugliese, Stefano Romagnoli, Luigia Scudeller, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical procedures have revolutionized the world of surgery in the past decades. While laparoscopy, the first minimally invasive surgical technique to be developed, is widely used and has been addressed by several guidelines and recommendations, the implementation of robotic-assisted surgery is still hindered by the lack of consensus documents that support healthcare professionals in the management of this novel surgical procedure. Here we summarize the available evidence and provide expert opinion aimed at improving the implementation and resolution of issues derived from robotic abdominal surgery procedures...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643965/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-left-to-right-nuss-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum-for-prevention-of-serious-complications-technical-aspects-based-on-1006-patients
#4
Krystian Pawlak, Łukasz Gąsiorowski, Piotr Gabryel, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz
Introduction: Additional use of the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique in the Nuss procedure has been globally accepted for the improvement of safety of surgical treatment as well as for decreased frequency of serious intraoperative and postoperative complications. Aim: To evaluate VATS in surgical treatment of patients with pectus excavatum by the left-to-right Nuss procedure for prevention of serious intra- and postoperative complications. Material and methods: From 2002 to 2016, 1006 patients with pectus excavatum aged 7 to 62 years (mean: 18...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629353/comparison-of-surgical-outcomes-of-intracorporeal-hepaticojejunostomy-in-the-excision-of-choledochal-cysts-using-laparoscopic-versus-robot-techniques
#5
Hongeun Lee, Wooil Kwon, Youngmin Han, Jae Ri Kim, Sun-Whe Kim, Jin-Young Jang
Purpose: Increasing surgical expertise in minimally invasive surgery has allowed laparoscopic surgery to be performed in many abdominal surgeries. Laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy are challenging and sophisticated surgeries because of the difficult anastomosis. Recent advances in robotic surgery have enabled more delicate and precise movements, and Endowrist instruments allow for securing sutures during anastomosis. This study aimed to compare surgical outcomes of laparoscopic and robotic hepaticojejunostomy in choledochal cyst excision...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628844/dexmedetomidine-in-a-surgically-inserted-catheter-for-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-donor-hepatectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Mohamed Adel Aboelela, Al-Refaey Kandeel, Usama Elsayed, Mohamed Elmorshedi, Waleed Elsarraf, Eman Elsayed, Ahmed Elgawalby, Ahmed Mohamed Sultan, Mohamed Abdel Wahab, Amr Yassen
Background: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a promising technique for analgesia after abdominal surgery. This prospective, randomized controlled trial assessed the effect of adding dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine in TAP block for donor hepatectomy. We hypothesized that this would improve postoperative morphine consumption and reduce analgesia related complication and inflammation. Methods: A total of 50 donor hepatectomy were enrolled in this study. Patients divided into two equal groups according to drugs used for TAP block...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626245/a-new-method-for-surgical-abdominal-mass-closure-after-abdominal-fascial-dehiscence-using-nasogastric-tube-and-hemovac-perforator-a-case-series-study
#7
Jalal Vahedian, Sepideh Jahanian, Behrouz Banivaheb, Nima Hemmati, Mehrnaz Ghavamipour, Majid Chegini, Mahdi Alemrajabi
BACKGROUND: As the challenge for finding the best abdominal incision closure technique continues, surgeons are aiming to minimize postoperative wound complications such as wound dehiscence and hernia as an acute or late manifestation. In order to achieve this goal, several abdominal opening and closure techniques have been tried. In this article, we describe a method in which we used a nasogastric tube (NGT) in mass closure for patients with fascial dehiscence. METHODS: In this case-series study, a total number of 25 patients participated...
April 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626182/primary-acquired-grynfeltt-hernia-two-new-cases-and-literature-review
#8
Lorenzo Capasso, Gaetano Romano, Antonio Alderisio, Giuseppe Loiaco, Giuseppe Rocco, Salvatore Massa, Ferdinando Salzano de Luna
AIM: We report two cases of the very rare Primary Acquired Grynfeltt Hernia. The related abdominal wall defects were repaired, by open surgery, placing a partially absorbable plug and mesh. The observation and management of these two new cases prompted us to review the literature with the purpose of suggesting the most appropriate surgical approach and technique. MATHERIAL OF STUDY: A 60 years old female patient showing a swelling at the left lumbar region, and a 76 years old male patient showing evidence of a tumefaction located at the right lumbar region, were diagnosed at our department with Primary Acquired Grynfeltt Hernia...
March 5, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621612/laparoscopic-anterior-pelvic-exenteration-with-super-radical-parametrectomy-for-a-recurrent-low-grade-endometrial-sarcoma-that-is-resistant-to-hormone-therapy-and-chemotherapy
#9
Hiroyuki Kanao, Tsuyoshi Hisa, Makiko Omi, Minoru Nagashima, Shuhei Okamoto, Yoichi Aoki, Terumi Tanigawa, Maki Matoda, Sanshiro Okamoto, Hidetaka Nomura, Kohei Omatsu, Kazuyoshi Kato, Kuniko Utsugi, Nobuhiro Takeshima
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To show total laparoscopic complete resection of a recurrent low grade endometrial sarcoma. DESIGN: Step-by-step demonstration of the technique of laparoscopic anterior pelvic exenteration with super radical parametrectomy, including the explanation of a detail pelvic anatomy. (Canadian Task Force Classification III) SETTING: Low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LGESS) is a rare malignancy that makes around 0.2% of all uterine malignancies [1]...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609033/transvaginal-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-sacrocolpopexy-tips-and-tricks
#10
Juan Liu, Jaden Kohn, Bin Sun, Zhenkun Guan, Binhua Liang, Xiaoming Guan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate helpful tips and tricks for the successful use of transvaginal NOTES for performing sacrocolpopexy and salpingo-oophorectomy surgery. DESIGN: Stepwise demonstration with narrated video footage (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Academic tertiary care hospital in Guangdong, China. BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive approaches for treating pelvic organ prolapse via sacrocolpopexy have traditionally included laparoscopy either with and without robotic assistance...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596095/dexamethasone-as-an-adjuvant-for-caudal-blockade-in-pediatric-surgical-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Matthew A Chong, Daniel J Szoke, Nicolas M Berbenetz, Cheng Lin
BACKGROUND: Caudal block is commonly used to provide postoperative analgesia after pediatric surgery in the lower abdomen. Typically administered as a single-shot technique, 1 limitation of this block is the short duration of analgesia. To overcome this, dexamethasone has been used as an adjuvant to prolong block duration. However, there are concerns about steroid-related morbidity and the optimal route of dexamethasone administration (eg, caudal or intravenous) is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials recruiting pediatric surgical patients receiving a caudal block for surgical anesthesia or postoperative analgesia...
March 27, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593915/surgery-to-treat-symptomatic-mobile-cecum-syndrome-is-safe-and-associated-with-good-recovery-outcomes
#12
Manuela Cesaretti, Manuela Trotta, Irene Leale, Giuseppe Antonio Minetti, Giuseppe Cittadini, Fabrizio Montecucco, Giovanni Bruno Camerini, Giacomo Borgonovo
The mobile cecum syndrome includes a spectrum of conditions. The cecal volvulus represents the acute form, with typical feature of a bowel obstruction that needs immediate operative treatment. On the other hand, a chronic form of mobile cecum syndrome which is the most common form reported a history of intermittent crampy abdominal pain, distension, and constipation. In this study, five patients came to our attention during the last ten years, presenting different symptoms due to a mobile cecum. All patients were investigated by several diagnostic techniques according to the specific clinical setting...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589458/laparoscopic-treatment-of-bowel-perforation-after-blunt-abdominal-trauma-bat-in-children
#13
P Zahradnikova, J Babala, Ľ Sýkora, J Trnka, M Vidiscak, P Sinka, L Fedorová
Minimally invasive techniques have now become standard for the treatment of many surgical conditions in children. There are a few studies that describe the utility of laparoscopy in BAT in children. In this article, we describe the complete laparoscopic surgical treatment of two patients after a single blunt abdominal trauma, both with bowel perforation. In both cases, the perforation was identified and closed, one laparoscopically with an ongoing suture, the second jejune perforation was closed by laparoscopic-assisted techniques...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579473/intraoperative-insertion-of-paravertebral-catheter-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-retroperitoneal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#14
Samuel Jessula, Christine R Herman, Kwesi Kwofie, Min S Lee, Matthew Smith, Patrick Casey
Paravertebral catheters are a well-established analgesic modality in thoracic surgery but have not been described in abdominal aortic surgery. We describe a simple, safe, and effective technique of paravertebral catheter insertion by the operative surgeon after a retroperitoneal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Once the aneurysm repair is complete, an extrapleural plane between the parietal pleura and the twelfth rib is created through blunt dissection. A catheter is advanced into the space percutaneously under direct vision, and a continuous infusion of local anesthetic is administered...
April 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577212/-associated-vessel-heteromorphosis-in-laparoscopic-complete-mesocolic-excision-and-solutions-to-intraoperative-hemorrhage
#15
Yurong Jiao, Jinjie He, Jun Li, Dong Xu, Kefeng Ding
Vessel identification and dissection are the key processes of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME). Vascular injury will lead to complications such as prolonged operative time, intraoperative hemorrhage and ischemia of anastomotic stoma. Superior mesenteric artery (SMA), superior mesenteric vein(SMV), gastrointestinal trunk, left colic artery(LCA), sigmoid artery and marginal vessels in the mesentery have been found with possibility of heteromorphosis, which requires better operative techniques. Surgeons should recognize those vessel heteromorphosis carefully during operations and adjust strategies to avoid intraoperative hemorrhage...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577210/-transanal-conformal-resection-for-super-low-rectal-cancer
#16
Zheng Lou, Wei Zhang
Intersphincteric resection(ISR) is a valuable anus-preserving operation that avoids the need for permanent stoma in patients with super low rectal cancer. Recently, with the application and promotion of ISR, the rate of anus-preservation has been greatly elevated, however, some patients following ISR had poor anal function. Based on the knowledge of anal canal anatomical features for better anal function, we propose conformal sphincter-preserving operation (CSPO) for super low rectal cancer, which is a new integrated anus-preservation procedure with total mesorectal excision (TME), coloanal anastomosis, pull through resection, anal canal dissection, local resection and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery technology...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575740/stable-pneumorectum-using-an-inline-glove-spring-a-cost-effective-technique-to-facilitate-trans-anal-total-mesorectal-excision-tatme
#17
Tse Han Loong, Huimin Liu, Sau Shung Fong
AIM: Trans-anal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is a novel approach for resection of the rectum. Use of a standard insufflator to create pneumorectum, however, results in bellowing - large heaving motions from insufflation of air that can frustrate surgery. We report the successful application of our technique, stable pneumorectum using an inline glove (SPRING), for the performance of trans-anal rectal excision in a series of 17 patients using a standard laparoscopic insufflator. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective review of 17 patients using the SPRING technique was performed between October 2015 and October 2016...
March 25, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575202/sonographic-evaluation-of-intra-abdominal-adhesions-during-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-novel-technique-in-women-undergoing-repeated-cesarean-section
#18
Joel Baron, Dan Tirosh, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Yigal Ben-Haroush, Shoshana Schwartz, Yoav Kerner, Reli Hershkovitz
OBJECTIVES: Intra-abdominal adhesions may result in an increased risk of major complications in case of a repeated cesarean section, such as bladder and bowel injury, hemorrhage, infection, and hysterectomy. In an attempt to predict intra-abdominal adhesions before a repeated cesarean delivery, we suggest the use of a novel technique employing a simple and feasible ultrasound imaging technique. METHODS: The study included pregnant women who underwent one or more cesarean deliveries in their obstetric history and were evaluated during the third trimester of the ongoing pregnancy...
March 25, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573597/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-case-report-technical-tips-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Abdelaziz Atwez, Zeid Keilani
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has proven over the years to be one of the most effective bariatric procedures. It is highly technical, and therefore is mostly performed by bariatric and metabolic surgeons. Although Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) is a very rare congenital condition, surgeons do occasionally have to operate intra-abdominally on those patients, consequently facing some challenges related to the unusual anatomy. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a rare case of LRYGB for chronic morbid obesity on a 43 year old patient with pre-operative diagnosis of situs inversus totalis without Kartagener's syndrome, using slight modification from the usual technique based on anatomical correlation without the need to change the surgeon's position or switching trocar placements as described in previous papers...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573536/outcome-of-surgery-for-recurrent-anal-cancer-results-from-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#20
M Bignell, H Chave, G Branagan
AIM: Chemoradiotherapy remains the first line treatment for anal cancer with surgery reserved for cancer recurrence or persistence. The low incidence of anal cancer means the numbers undergoing surgery is small with centralization for excision to regional cancer centres. We present our experience of abdominal perineal excision, with reconstruction of the perineal defect (APERR), within a tertiary centre. METHOD: Over a fifteen year period data were collected retrospectively from notes of patients who underwent an APERR...
March 24, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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