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techniques in abdominal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920541/the-effect-of-body-mass-index-on-perioperative-thermoregulation
#1
Ayşe Belin Özer, Aysun Yildiz Altun, Ömer Lütfi Erhan, Tuba Çatak, Ümit Karatepe, İsmail Demirel, Gonca Çağlar Toprak
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of body mass index (BMI) on thermoregulation in obese patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic abdominal surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic abdominal surgery with no pre-medication were included in the study. The patients were classified into 4 groups according to BMI <24.9, 25-39.9, 40-49.9, and >50. Anesthesia was provided with routine techniques. Tympanic and peripheral temperatures were recorded every 5 minutes starting with the induction of anesthesia...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919731/nerve-sparing-laparoscopic-colposacropexy-using-a-percutaneous-surgical-system-a-case-report
#2
Federico Romano, Francesco Legge, Giovanni Scambia, Maurizio Guido
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and safeness of nerve-sparing laparoscopic colposacropexy performed with a minimally invasive approach by using 2,9 mm Percuvance(TM) Percutaneous Surgical System (PSS) (The Percuvance(TM) System, Teleflex Inc., USA). DESIGN: Step-by-step video demonstration of the surgical technique. The Internal Department Committee approved this study. The patient was adequately informed about the possible risks and benefits of this experimental technique and a written consent agreeing to undergo the described procedure was signed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919706/extreme-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-surgical-technique-outcomes-and-complications-after-a-minimum-of-one-year-follow-up
#3
I Domínguez, R Luque, M Noriega, J Rey, J Alia, F Marco-Martínez
«Minimally invasive» techniques have been recently been developed in order to achieve good clinical results with a low incidence of complications. The extralateral interbody fusion or direct transpsoas is a minimally invasive anterior arthrodesis. A total of 97 patients with 138 segments received surgery between May 2012 and May 2015. The follow-up was from 12-44 months. The mean age was 68 years (41-86). The most common cause of intervention was the adjacent segment (30%), deformity (22%), and lumbar disc disease (21%)...
December 2, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911468/radical-cystectomy-and-cutaneous-ureterostomy-in-4-dogs-with-trigonal-transitional-cell-carcinoma-description-of-technique-and-case-series
#4
Rafael Ricardo Huppes, Leandro Z Crivellenti, Andrigo Barboza De Nardi, Bruno Roque Lima, Cristiane Alves Cintra, Jorge Luiz Costa Castro, Christopher A Adin
OBJECTIVE: To describe radical cystectomy followed by cutaneous ureterostomy as a treatment of invasive bladder neoplasia in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone (n=4). METHODS: Perioperative complications and long-term outcomes of dogs that underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder trigone were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904307/hybrid-transvaginal-notes-and-mini-laparoscopic-colectomy-benefit-through-synergy
#5
Jayson M Moloney, Philip S L Gan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hybrid-natural orifice surgery combines the advantages of traditional transabdominal laparoscopic surgery, while limiting surgical trauma to the abdominal wall. Among various routes of intra-abdominal access, the transvaginal method is most appealing because of its utility and proven safety. We describe a series of 4 colonic resections performed with this approach, combined with minilaparoscopy and needlescopic approaches, and discuss the technical aspects, efficacy, and applicability of this technique...
October 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903339/-effect-of-goal-directed-haemodynamic-management-on-the-postoperative-outcome-in-elderly-patients-with-fragile-cardiac-function-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#6
L S Zheng, E W Gu, X H Peng, L Zhang, Y Y Cao
Objective: To investigate the effect of goal-directed haemodynamic management based on stroke volume variation (SVV), cardiac index (CI) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) on the postoperative outcome in elderly patients with fragile cardiac function undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. Methods: Ninety patients with fragile cardiac function, aged 65-90 years old, ASAⅡ or Ⅲ, NYHA Ⅱor Ⅲ, scheduled for abdominal surgery were enrolled in this study.The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: Experience anesthesia group (group E, n=45) and goal-directed hemodynamic management group (G group, n=45)...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890846/successful-hybrid-treatment-of-a-traumatic-rupture-of-the-left-primitive-carotid-artery-in-a-polytraumatized-patient-a-case-report
#7
Dorian Verscheure, Julien Gaudric, Clémence Jouhannet, Laurent Chiche, Fabien Koskas
Traumatic injury of the left common carotid is a rare but severe disease, and is an uncommon situation in emergency units. Thoracic aortic lesions are often associated with other injuries, making their treatment challenging. We report the case of a successful hybrid approach to treat this lesion using a total supra aortic vessel debranching and a thoracic endovascular graft to cover the rupture, in a 38-year-old polytraumatized patient. After aortic, abdominal, and orthopedic surgery, the patient recovered well...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890838/preoperative-evaluation-of-the-renal-function-before-the-treatment-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#8
Raphael Coscas, Sandra Wagner, Eve Vilaine, Albane Sartorius, Isabelle Javerliat, Olivier Goeau-Brissonniere, Marc Coggia, Ziad Massy
OBJECTIVES: Chronic impaired renal function (IRC) constitutes a major risk factor of morbi-mortality during the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurism (AAA). The inflammatory state due to the AAA could result in a reduction in the muscular mass and an over-estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with the usual formulas. The objective of this study was to determine if the formulae used to evaluate the estimated GFR were adapted in patients with AAA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2013 and November 2014, we conducted an exploratory study to evaluate the renal function before surgery for AAA in 28 patients...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885759/transanal-minimally-invasive-rectal-resection-for-deep-endometriosis-a-promising-technique
#9
Stijn L Vlek, Marit C I Lier, Thomas W A Koedam, Ingeborg Melgers, Judith J M L Dekker, Jaap H Bonjer, Velja Mijatovic, Jurriaan B Tuynman
AIM: Surgical management of patients with deep endometriosis (DE) of the rectum is difficult. Inflammation and subsequent adhesions due to DE impede access to the lower pelvis and may lead to complications during laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR). Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is an alternative to an abdominal approach with potential advantages. The aim of this study was to provide a description of the TAMIS technique and to present the perioperative results of TAMIS and of conventional LAR in patients with DE...
November 25, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885425/intrathecal-morphine-versus-intravenous-opioid-administration-to-impact-postoperative-analgesia-in-hepato-pancreatic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sara Dichtwald, Menahem Ben-Haim, Laila Papismedov, Shoshana Hazan, Anat Cattan, Idit Matot
PURPOSE: Inadequate analgesia following abdominal surgery may affect outcome. Data in patients undergoing liver surgery suggested that postoperative coagulopathy might delay epidural catheter removal. Thus, alternative analgesic techniques should be evaluated. METHODS: We compared the analgesic efficacy of intraoperative intrathecal morphine [single injection 4 µg/kg before skin incision (ITM group, n = 23)] to intravenous opioids [iv remifentanil infusion during surgery followed by i...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882755/prague-1337-the-first-successful-caesarean-section-in-which-both-mother-and-child-survived-may-have-occurred-in-the-court-of-john-of-luxembourg-king-of-bohemia
#11
A Pařízek, V Drška, M Říhová
OBJECTIVE: An interdisciplinary historical-medical study, analysis of historical sources, and critical interpretation of the indirect evidence surrounding the childbirth of Beatrice of Bourbon, the second wife of the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg. STUDY TYPE: A material-based study founded on a comparative analysis of available private and public sources, particularly surviving letters, and narrative sources. The conclusions are reached based on a textual interpretation according to historical methods...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871520/cisatracurium-and-rocuronium-associated-residual-neuromuscular-dysfunction-under-intraoperative-neuromuscular-monitoring-and-postoperative-neostigmine-reversal-a-single-blind-randomized-trial
#12
Paolo Feltracco, Tommaso Tonetti, Stefania Barbieri, Anna Chiara Frigo, Carlo Ori
BACKGROUND: Postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade (RNMB) is a common complication in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), but also one of the most controversial issues. Many studies and trials demonstrated that some methods and techniques can reduce the incidence and the extent of the phenomenon. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of RNMB in the PACU at standardized times after extubation with the implementation of a protocol of careful neuromuscular blockade management...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867852/laparoscopic-management-of-urachal-cysts
#13
Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Cosimo Bleve
BACKGROUND: The urachus and the urachal remnants represent a failure in the obliteration of the allantois at birth that connects the bladder to the umbilicus. After birth it obliterates and presents as the midline umbilical ligament. Urachal cyst are the most common urachal anomaly in the pediatric population. The traditional surgical approach is a semicircular infraumbilical incision or a lower midline laparotomy. METHODS: In a 10 years period at Pediatric Surgery Department of Vicenza 16 children were diagnosed with urachal anomalies presenting as abdominal or urinary symptoms...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867845/current-management-of-non-palpable-testes-a-literature-review-and-clinical-results
#14
REVIEW
Ximena Sepúlveda, Pedro-José López Egaña
Cryptorchidism is a common pathology that occurs in 3% in full term newborns, and it decreases to 0.8-1.2% at 1 year of age. Nearly a 20% of undescended testes are non-palpable. Various surgical treatments have been described, but its management is still controversial. A literature review was made of non-palpable testes, analysing diagnostic tools, treatment and its results. Additionally we reviewed non-palpable testes cases treated in our centre in the last 20 years. Different techniques are described for the management of non-palpable testes; with or without section of the spermatic vessels and/or in 1 or 2 stages...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866214/vesicouterine-fistula-teaching-video-on-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment
#15
Pilar Marin-Sanchez, Maria Luisa Sánchez-Ferrer, Clara Garrido-Navarro, Antonio Prieto-Gonzalez, Francisco Machado-Linde
INTRODUCTION: A 42-year-old woman presented with urinary incontinence 9 years after the last of four vaginal deliveries. She had also had one Caesarean section. Immediately after the last delivery, she presented with haematuria, which resolved within a few hours, but the drain remained prophylactically for 7 days. Nine years later, she was referred to a specialist hospital. METHOD: The patient presented with continuous urinary incontinence, and physical examination revealed a loss of urine from the vagina, the latter confirmed by a methylene blue test showing loss of urine from the uterine cervix...
November 19, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865218/-percutaneous-endovascular-aortic-repair-with-local-anesthesia-one-day-surgery
#16
Joel Sousa, Daniel Brandão, Paulo Barreto, Joana Ferreira, José Almeida Lopes, Armando Mansilha
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the results of the abdominal aortic aneurism endovascular treatment (EVAR), percutaneously and with local anesthesia, according to the concept of one day surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Unicentric, retrospective analysis of patients with aorto-iliac aneurysmal disease, consecutively treated by EVAR with percutaneous access trough the Preclose technique (pEVAR), according to the outpatient criteria, with one overnight stay in the hospital...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863342/a-case-report-describing-diverticulosis-of-the-appendix-presenting-as-acute-appendicitis
#17
Sarah L Khan, Madhu Siddeswarappa, Mohammad Farrukh Khan
INTRODUCTION: Diverticulosis of the appendix (DA) is a rare clinical finding which is often confused with acute or chronic appendicitis and is usually only identified during or after appendectomy. The symptoms of DA can last for up to two weeks and laboratory studies tend to reflect a more chronic inflammation. Distinguishing the two entities is important as DA has a higher risk for perforation and may be associated with an underlying malignancy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 54--year old African--American male presented with three--days of right sided abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862718/peritoneal-catheter-fixation-combined-with-straight-upward-tunnel-and-low-implant-position-to-prevent-catheter-malfunction
#18
Qingyan Zhang, Chunming Jiang, Wei Zhu, Cheng Sun, Yangyang Xia, Tianfeng Tang, Cheng Wan, Qiuyuan Shao, Jing Liu, Bo Jin, Miao Zhang
AIM: Catheter malfunction is the main reason for early peritoneal dialysis (PD) technique failure. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a new surgery technique with catheter fixation to the lower abdominal wall combined with straight upward tunnel and low implant position in reducing catheter malfunction. METHODS: Patients with end stage renal disease who received PD in our center from January 2013 to December 2015 were involved in this study. They were randomly divided into 3 groups according to surgical technique: traditional open surgery group, modified open surgery group and modified open surgery with catheter fixation group...
November 16, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858592/ultrasound-guided-access-into-the-abdomen-in-the-setting-of-portal-hypertension-a-novel-technique
#19
Cory N Criss, Matthew W Ralls, Marcus D Jarboe
As the field of minimally invasive surgery rapidly evolves, there is an opportunity to adopt innovative techniques to accommodate a variety of patient populations. In patients with portal hypertension, a major risk factor upon entry into the abdomen is injury to large, engorged paraumbilical vessels in the anterior abdominal wall. Major blood loss often results from just entering the abdomen. Here, we describe a patient with caput medusae secondary to portal hypertension presenting for laparoscopic repair of a ventral hernia...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858582/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-duhamel-procedure-for-extended-hirschsprung-s-disease
#20
Cécile O Muller, Guillaume Rossignol, Louise Montalva, Jerome Viala, Christine Martinez-Vinson, Alexis Mosca, Dominique Berrebi, Arnaud Bonnard
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to report our experience in extended Hirschsprung's disease (HD) in children operated on by laparoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data collection from a single center from 1991 to 2013 concerned extended forms of HD operated on by laparoscopic Duhamel procedure and included extension of aganglionosis, comorbidities, short and late postoperative outcome, and results of endoscopy when performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients presented an extended form of aganglionosis: 5 involving the transverse colon, 10 the right colon, and 15 the ileum (median length = 15 cm, range 1-60)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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