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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035926/damage-control-surgery-current-state-and-future-directions
#1
Daniel Benz, Zsolt J Balogh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Damage control surgery (DCS) represents a staged surgical approach to the treatment of critically injured trauma patients. Originally described in the context of hepatic trauma and postinjury-induced coagulopathy, the indications for DCS have expanded to the management of extra abdominal trauma and to the management of nontraumatic acute abdominal emergencies. Despite being an accepted treatment algorithm, DCS is based on a limited evidence with current concerns of the variability in practice indications, rates and adverse outcomes in poorly selected patient cohorts...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033572/role-of-heart-rate-variability-in-preoperative-assessment-of-physiological-reserves-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery
#2
Petr Reimer, Jan Máca, Pavel Szturz, Ondřej Jor, Roman Kula, Pavel Ševčík, Michal Burda, Milan Adamus
BACKGROUND: Major abdominal surgery (MAS) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The main objective of our study was to evaluate the predictive value of heart-rate variability (HRV) concerning development of postoperative complications in patients undergoing MAS. The secondary objectives were to identify the relationship of HRV and use of vasoactive drugs during anesthesia, intensive care unit length of stay (ICU-LOS), and hospital length of stay (H-LOS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients scheduled for elective MAS were enrolled in a prospective, single-center, observational study...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023150/incisional-hernia-repair-what-the-radiologist-needs-to-know
#3
Kushal R Parikh, Mahmoud Al-Hawary, John D Millet, Richard Burney, Jonathan Finks, Katherine Maturen
OBJECTIVE: Incisional hernias are becoming more prevalent with increases in the obesity of the population and the complexity of abdominal surgeries. Radiologists' understanding of these hernias is limited. This article examines abdominal wall anatomy, surgical techniques, the role of imaging (current and emerging), and complications from the surgical perspective, to enhance to the role of the radiologist. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the relevant anatomy, surgical techniques, and postoperative complications in patients with incisional hernial repair can help the radiologist improve care...
October 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022054/diagnosis-and-management-of-365-ureteric-injuries-following-obstetric-and-gynecologic-surgery-in-resource-limited-settings
#4
Thomas J I P Raassen, Carrie J Ngongo, Marietta M Mahendeka
INTRODUCTION: Ureteric injuries are among the most serious complications of pelvic surgery. The incidence in low-resource settings is not well documented. METHODS: This retrospective review analyzes a cohort of 365 ureteric injuries with ureterovaginal fistulas in 353 women following obstetric and gynecologic operations in 11 countries in Africa and Asia, all low-resource settings. The patients with ureteric injury were stratified into three groups according to the initial surgery: (a) obstetric operations, (b) gynecologic operations, and (c) vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repairs...
October 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021103/retrospective-analysis-of-relapsed-abdominal-high-risk-neuroblastoma
#5
Martin Dübbers, Thorsten Simon, Frank Berthold, Janina Fischer, Ruth Volland, Barbara Hero, Grigore Cernaianu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The impact of abdominal topography and surgical technique on resectability and local relapse pattern of relapsed abdominal high-risk neuroblastoma (R-HR-NB) is not clearly defined. METHODS: A sample of thirty-nine patients with R-HR-NB enrolled in the German neuroblastoma trials between 2001 and 2010 was analyzed retrospectively using surgical and imaging reports. We evaluated resectability and local relapse pattern within 6 standardized abdominal regions, impact of extent of the first resective surgery on overall survival (OS), and of number of operations and a higher cumulative surgical assessment score (C-SAS) on OS after the first event...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019560/pancreatoduodenectomy-brazilian-practice-patterns
#6
Orlando Jorge M Torres, Eduardo de Souza M Fernandes, Rodrigo Rodrigues Vasques, Fabio Luís Waechter, Paulo Cezar G Amaral, Marcelo Bruno de Rezende, Roland Montenegro Costa, André Luís Montagnini
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a technically challenging surgical procedure with an incidence of postoperative complications ranging from 30% to 61%. The procedure requires a high level of experience, and to minimize surgery-related complications and mortality, a high-quality standard surgery is imperative. AIM: To understand the Brazilian practice patterns for pancreatoduodenectomy. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed to obtain an overview of the surgical practice in pancreatic cancer, specific training, and experience in pancreatoduodenectomy...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016583/transabdominal-pre-peritoneal-mesh-repair-versus-lichtenstein-s-hernioplasty
#7
Rajan Koju, Ram Bhakta Koju, Balaram Malla, Yashad Dongol, Lok Bikram Thapa
BACKGROUND: In the era of minimal invasive surgery, hernia repair has seen a paradigm shift from open to laparoscopic technique. However, superiority of laparoscopic repair over open repair is still controversial. Available literatures have shown laparoscopic technique to be better in term of post-operative pain and early return to work. METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 102 patients aged 21-78 years with inguinal hernia were recruited and enrolled into two comparative groups, namely Lichtenstein's and Transabdominal pre-peritoneal, and each group containing 51 participants...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994804/biodegradable-magnesium-stent-treatment-of-saccular-aneurysms-in-a-rat-model-introduction-of-the-surgical-technique
#8
Edin Nevzati, Jeannine Rey, Daniel Coluccia, Donato D'Alonzo, Basil Grüter, Luca Remonda, Javier Fandino, Serge Marbacher
The steady progess in the armamentarium of techniques available for endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms requires affordable and reproducable experimental animal models to test novel embolization materials such as stents and flow diverters. The aim of the present project was to design a safe, fast, and standardized surgical technique for stent assisted embolization of saccular aneurysms in a rat animal model. Saccular aneurysms were created from an arterial graft from the descending aorta.The aneurysms were microsurgically transplanted through end-to-side anastomosis to the infrarenal abdominal aorta of a syngenic male Wistar rat weighing >500 g...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987558/endoscopic-resection-versus-radical-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer-in-asia-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Fei-Long Ning, Chun-Dong Zhang, Peng Wang, Shuai Shao, Dong-Qiu Dai
BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic resection (ER) and radical gastrectomy (RG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) in Asia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched relevant articles published before September 1, 2017. We evaluated the quality of the included non-randomized studies using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Meta-analysis was carried out using RevMan 5.3 software. The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used for the dichotomous data...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976805/single-port-and-conventional-laparoscopy-in-colorectal-surgery-comparison-of-two-techniques
#10
Udit Gibor, Zvi Perry, Sergey Domchik, Solly Mizrahi, Boris Kirshtein
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was introduced to further the enhanced outcome of conventional multiport laparoscopy (CML). We compared their short- and long-term outcomes in colorectal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients who underwent elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery during 3-year period. Patients' data, surgery outcomes, and oncological results were compared. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients (33 male, 28 female), mean age 67...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975996/laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-tumors-of-the-head-of-pancreas-10-cases-for-a-single-center-experience
#11
F Caruso, G Alessandri, G Cesana, G Castello, M Uccelli, F Ciccarese, R Giorgi, R Villa, B Scotto, S Olmi
OBJECTIVE: The tumors of the head of the pancreas are one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in Western countries. The current gold standard for these tumors is a Whipple procedure. This procedure did not change in its surgical steps since when it was initially introduced in 1935. More recently, a laparoscopic approach with similar outcomes has been described. The aim of this paper is to describe the laparoscopic surgical technique performed in our unit, reporting single center postoperative outcomes...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975775/morcellation-of-occulted-sarcomas-during-laparoscopic-myomectomy-and-hystrectomy-for-patients-with-large-fibroid-uterus
#12
Andrea Tinelli, Samir A Farghaly
In April 2014, the United States of America Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a safety communication warning of the risk of an unsuspected uterine sarcoma being morcellated during a laparoscopic procedure, and advised against the use of power morcellation. In November of the same year, this agency stated: 1. Laparoscopic power morcellators are contraindicated for removal of uterine tissue containing suspected fibroids in patients who are peri- or post-menopausal, or are candidates for "en bloc" tissue removal...
October 3, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974870/preperitoneal-bladder-augmentation-feasibility-and-results
#13
Dhruva Nath Ghosh, Sampath Karl, Sudipta Sen
INTRODUCTION: Bladder augmentation is an important part of pediatric reconstructive urology. This study was conducted to assess the feasibility and results of our technique of preperitoneal bladder augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three children underwent preperitoneal bladder augmentation for small inelastic bladders who had failed medical management or needed undiversion. The underlying diagnosis included neurogenic bladder, valve bladder, bladder exstrophy, non-neurogenic neurogenic, ectopic ureters, and urogenital sinus...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966194/open-abdomen-in-trauma-and-critical-care
#14
Eleanor R Fitzpatrick
The open abdomen technique and temporary abdominal closure after damage control surgery is fast becoming the standard of care for managing intra-abdominal bleeding and infectious or ischemic processes in critically ill patients. Expansion of this technique has evolved from damage control surgery in severely injured trauma patients to use in patients with abdominal compartment syndrome due to acute pancreatitis and other disorders. Subsequent therapies after use of the open abdomen technique and temporary abdominal closure are resuscitation in the intensive care unit and planned reoperation to manage the underlying cause of bleeding, infection, or ischemia...
October 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965981/laparoscopic-transperitoneal-para-aortic-lymphadenectomy-in-10-steps
#15
Camille Martel-Billard, Vinciane Goillot, Alice Jacquin, Lise Lecointre, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisramé, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Arnaud Wattiez
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic transperitoneal lymphadenectomy has a few advantages. First, it is a minimally invasive approach, and transperitoneal approach is also the best option when an intra abdominal surgery is indicated. Although the procedure was described more than two decades ago, there is a lack of diffusion of the technique. The main objective of this video is standardization and a simple description of the technique. We described this procedure in 10 logical steps which should help to understand and perform this procedure...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963700/enterocutaneous-fistulas-a-primer-for-radiologists-with-emphasis-on-ct-and-mri
#16
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Paolo Magistrelli
Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) represent abnormal communications between the gastrointestinal tract and the skin. Nowadays, the majority (~80%) of ECFs develops secondary to abdominal surgeries; alternative, less common causes include chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn's disease, tumours, and radiation enteritis in descending order of frequency. These rare disorders require thorough patient assessment and multidisciplinary management to limit the associated morbidity and mortality. This pictorial review includes an overview of causes, clinical manifestations, complications and management of ECFs...
September 29, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962113/groove-resection-of-pancreatic-head-in-groove-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#17
Chunfu Zhu, Qin Huang, Jianfei Zhu, Xudong Zhang, Xihu Qin
Groove pancreatitis (GP) is a rare type of chronic pancreatitis, which primarily affects the groove area of the pancreatic head. Surgery is considered as the ultimate method for GP if the symptoms are not improved by conservative or endoscopic treatments, and the Whipple technique is the common choice at present. The present study introduces a novel surgical procedure for GP, namely groove resection of pancreatic head (GRPH), in a 56-year-old male patient. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on GRPH for the surgical treatment of GP...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953685/gastric-cancer-in-a-situs-inversus-totalis-patient-with-multiple-intestinal-and-vessel-variations-related-to-gastrectomy-surgery-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Yinghao Cao, Jiang Li, Liming Shen, Jiliang Wang, Zefeng Xia, KaiXiong Tao, Guobin Wang, Kailin Cai
RATIONALE: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by complete inversion of the abdominal and thoracic organs, and often involves multiple genetic mutations. The most suitable surgical technique for patients with multiple vessel and organ variations as well as SIT remains unclear. Furthermore, there has been insufficient clinical evidence that demonstrates which surgical techniques achieve the best outcomes. Finally, the standard of care has not yet been determined...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953613/surgical-management-of-female-pelvic-organ-prolapse-with-and-without-urinary-incontinence-a-single-center-experience
#19
Luigi Cormio, Vito Mancini, Giuseppe Liuzzi, Nicola d'Altilia, Giuseppe Carrieri
The study reports a single center experience with surgical management of female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with and without urinary incontinence.Between January 2006 and July 2016, 93 consecutive patients with anterior and/or apical symptomatic POP underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) or laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) or pubovaginal cystocele sling (PCS); 25 patients had concomitant stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Subjective outcome was assessed by the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (short form) (PFIQ-7) investigating bladder, bowel and vaginal functions, sexual activity, and daily life...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952820/a-novel-laparoscopic-surgery-model-with-a-device-to-expand-the-abdominal-working-space-in-rats-the-influence-of-pneumoperitoneum-and-skin-incision-length-on-postoperative-inflammatory-cytokines
#20
Naruhiko Murase, Takahisa Tainaka, Hiroo Uchida, Akinari Hinoki, Chiyoe Shirota, Kazuki Yokota, Kazuo Oshima, Ryo Shirotsuki, Kosuke Chiba, Yujiro Tanaka
PURPOSE: Experimental models of laparoscopic surgery generally use large animals owing to a sufficient abdominal working space. We developed a novel laparoscopic surgery model in rats. We performed intestinal anastomosis to demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of this model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a device for rats that expanded the abdominal working space and allowed us to manipulate the intraperitoneal organs by hand under direct vision with pneumoperitoneum...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
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