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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437764/the-use-of-lithium-for-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder-recommendations-from-clinical-practice-guidelines
#1
Gin S Malhi, Danielle Gessler, Tim Outhred
BACKGROUND: Lithium is an effective mood stabilizer that is used principally for the management of bipolar disorder (BD). Its administration is complex and often requires sophisticated management and assiduous monitoring. When considering the use of lithium therapy for bipolar disorder, clinicians are advised to refer to recommendations outlined in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs); but because of varying emphases placed by different international CPGs, recommendations addressing the practical use of lithium lack consistency...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437663/microbial-communities-associated-with-plants-learning-from-nature-to-apply-it-in-agriculture
#2
REVIEW
Fernando Dini Andreote, Michele de Cássia Pereira E Silva
It is a new consensus that any living organism depends on its partners to strive under environmental conditions along their living period. Plants are also highly dependent on their associated microbes, which can support its development and proper protection under stressors. Along their evolution, plants learned to interact to soil microbiota, extracting their utmost capacity to provide resources for plant development and successful colonization of terrestrial systems, where the great soil biodiversity is keen on properly exert this role...
April 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437619/management-of-posterior-cruciate-ligament-tibial-avulsion-injuries-a-systematic-review
#3
Perry O Hooper, Chris Silko, Tennison L Malcolm, Lutul D Farrow
BACKGROUND: Tibial-sided avulsion injuries of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) generally require surgical intervention. No consensus exists concerning the optimal surgical treatment approach for these injuries. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review investigating the open and arthroscopic surgical treatment modalities, outcomes, and complications of PCL tibial-sided bony avulsions. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437566/physical-therapists-perceptions-of-telephone-and-internet-video-mediated-service-models-for-exercise-management-of-people-with-osteoarthritis
#4
Belinda J Lawford, Kim L Bennell, Jessica Kasza, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: Investigate physical therapists' perceptions of, and willingness to use, telephone- and internet-mediated service models for exercise therapy for people with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: An internet-based survey of Australian physical therapists comprising three sections: i) demographic information; and 16 positively-framed perception statements about delivering exercise via ii) telephone and; iii) video over the internet, for people with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437438/use-of-the-matrics-consensus-cognitive-battery-mccb-to-evaluate-cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Qijing Bo, Zhen Mao, Xianbin Li, Zhimin Wang, Chuanyue Wang, Xin Ma
BACKGROUND: The Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition Schizophrenia Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) has also been proposed for use in clinical trials to assess cognitive deficits in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive function assessed by the MCCB in BD. METHODS: A literature search of the PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, SCI, Cochrane Library databases and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437388/international-liver-transplantation-society-consensus-statement-on-hepatitis-c-management-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#6
Norah A Terrault, Marina Berenguer, Simone I Strasser, Adrian Gadano, Les Lilly, Didier Samuel, Paul Y Kwo, Kosh Agarwal, Michael P Curry, Stefano Fagiuoli, James Y Y Fung, Edward Gane, Kimberly A Brown, Patrizia Burra, Michael Charlton, Mario G Pessoa, Geoff W McCaughan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437387/international-liver-transplantation-society-consensus-statement-on-hepatitis-c-management-in-liver-transplant-candidates
#7
Norah A Terrault, Geoff W McCaughan, Michael P Curry, Edward Gane, Stefano Fagiuoli, James Y Y Fung, Kosh Agarwal, Les Lilly, Simone I Strasser, Kimberly A Brown, Adrian Gadano, Paul Y Kwo, Patrizia Burra, Didier Samuel, Michael Charlton, Mario G Pessoa, Marina Berenguer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437386/the-international-liver-transplantation-society-living-donor-liver-transplant-recipient-guideline
#8
Charles M Miller, Cristiano Quintini, Anil Dhawan, Francois Durand, Julie K Heimbach, Hyung Leona Kim-Schluger, Eirini Kyrana, Sung-Gyu Lee, Jan Lerut, Chung-Mau Lo, Elizabeth Anne Pomfret
Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has been increasingly embraced around the world as an important strategy to address the shortage of deceased donor livers. The aim of this guideline, approved by the International Liver Transplantation Society (ILTS), is to provide a collection of expert opinions, consensus, and best practices surrounding LDLT. Recommendations were developed from an analysis of the National Library of Medicine living donor transplantation indexed literature using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437370/ethics-guide-recommendations-for-organ-donation-focused-physicians-endorsed-by-the-canadian-medical-association
#9
Sam D Shemie, Christy Simpson, Jeff Blackmer, Shavaun MacDonald, Sonny Dhanani, Sylvia Torrance, Paul Byrne
Donation physicians are specialists with expertise in organ and tissue donation and have been recognized internationally as a key contributor to improving organ and tissue donation services. Subsequent to a 2011 Canadian Critical Care Society-Canadian Blood Services consultation, the donation physician role has been gradually implemented in Canada. These professionals are generally intensive care unit physicians with an enhanced focus and expertise in organ/tissue donation. They must manage the dual obligation of caring for dying patients and their families while providing and/or improving organ donation services...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437331/do-the-position-and-orientation-of-the-crosslink-influence-the-stiffness-of-spinal-instrumentation
#10
Zhuo Wang, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Takamasa Yoshikawa, Tadashi Inaba, Yuichi Kasai
STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study of double-level pedicle screw constructs with or without crosslinks (CL) in an unstable model. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate the optimal position and orientation of the CL. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several reports have described biomechanical research on such CL, but no definite consensus has been reached regarding the effects. Very few studies have examined the position and orientation of the CL...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437302/pain-management-in-the-opioid-dependent-pregnant-woman
#11
Rebecca R Safley, Jamie Swietlikowski
Opioid dependence is an epidemic in the United States, and the percentage of pregnant women who are opioid dependent has increased dramatically in the last decade. Pain management, already a concern for intrapartum and postpartum care, is complicated in the context of opioid dependence. This clinical review surveys the literature on pain management in opioid-dependent pregnant women to summarize current consensus and evidence to guide clinical practice. Points of consensus for pain management in opioid-dependent pregnant women include continual opioid maintenance therapy throughout the pregnancy and the postpartum period; adequate management of acute pain; the contraindication of opioid agonist-antagonists for pain management; and the need for interdisciplinary teams using a multimodal approach to provide optimal care to opioid-dependent pregnant women...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437002/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-4-clinical-factors
#12
G Alexander, Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: The Minamata Convention embodies a world-wide reduction in the production and use of mercury and mercury-containing products and processes, including a phase-down of dental amalgam. This will change the approach to the use of direct restorative materials in the near future. There is little research as to the influence of clinical factors on dentists' decision-making which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to the use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association and/or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
April 24, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436912/distributed-position-based-consensus-of-second-order-multiagent-systems-with-continuous-intermittent-communication
#13
Qiang Song, Fang Liu, Guanghui Wen, Jinde Cao, Xinsong Yang
This paper considers the position-based consensus in a network of agents with double-integrator dynamics and directed topology. Two types of distributed observer algorithms are proposed to solve the consensus problem by utilizing continuous and intermittent position measurements, respectively, where each observer does not interact with any other observers. For the case of continuous communication between network agents, some convergence conditions are derived for reaching consensus in the network with a single constant delay or multiple time-varying delays on the basis of the eigenvalue analysis and the descriptor method...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436715/controlled-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-strategies-in-obese-patients-undergoing-surgery
#14
Lígia de Albuquerque Maia, Pedro Leme Silva, Paolo Pelosi, Patricia Rieken Macedo Rocco
The obesity prevalence is increasing in surgical population. As the number of obese surgical patients increases, so does the demand for mechanical ventilation. Nevertheless, ventilatory strategies in this population are challenging, since obesity results in pathophysiological changes in respiratory function. Areas covered: We reviewed the impact of obesity on respiratory system and the effects of controlled invasive mechanical ventilation strategies in obese patients undergoing surgery. To date, there is no consensus regarding the optimal invasive mechanical ventilation strategy for obese surgical patients, and no evidence that possible intraoperative beneficial effects on oxygenation and mechanics translate into better postoperative pulmonary function or improved outcomes...
April 24, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436316/first-in-man-experience-of-self-expanding-nitinol-stents-combined-with-drug-coated-balloon-in-the-treatment-of-femoropopliteal-occlusive-disease
#15
Bibombe Patrice Mwipatayi, Kalpa Perera, Ali Daneshmand, Rhys Daniel, Jackie Wong, Shannon D Thomas, Sally A Burrows
Purpose The present study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of a drug-coated balloon inflated within a thin-strut self-expanding bare-metal stent in patients with severe and complex femoropopliteal occlusive disease. Methods This prospective study used the Pulsar-self-expanding stent and Passeo-18 Lux drug-coated balloon in patients with severe and complex femoropopliteal occlusive disease. The primary endpoint was the 12-month primary patency, and the secondary endpoints included 24-month primary patency, assisted primary patency, secondary patency, and clinically associated target lesion revascularisation...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436315/restenosis-after-carotid-artery-stenting
#16
Zhengze Dai, Gelin Xu
As a common etiology for ischemic stroke, atherosclerotic carotid stenosis has been targeted by vascular surgery since 1950s. Compared with carotid endarterectomy, carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) is almost similarly efficacious and less invasive. These advantages make CAS an alternative in treating carotid stenosis. However, accumulative evidences suggested that the long-term benefit-risk ratio of CAS may be decreased or even neutralized by the complications related to in-stent restenosis (ISR). Therefore, investigating the mechanisms and identifying the influential factors of ISR are of vital importance for improving the long-term outcomes of CAS...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436212/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-epidemiological-studies-of-internet-gaming-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Satoko Mihara, Susumu Higuchi
AIM: The diagnostic criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) have been included in section III of DSM-5. This study aims to systematically review both cross-sectional and longitudinal epidemiological studies of IGD. METHODS: All publications included in PubMed and PsychINFO up to May 2016 were systematically searched to identify cross-sectional studies on prevalence and longitudinal studies of IGD. In the process of identification, articles in non-English languages, and studies focusing solely on the use of gaming were excluded, and those meeting the methodological requirements set by this review were included...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436206/clinical-practice-guidelines-on-iron-therapy-a-critical-evaluation
#18
Lucia Del Vecchio, Francesco Locatelli
Anemia is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and it is managed primarily with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) and iron therapy. Following concerns around ESA therapy and economic constraints, IV iron is more and more administered worldwide. Several guidelines or position papers, which give indications on iron therapy in CKD patients, have been issued in Nephrology. Unfortunately, the field is characterized by a lack of evidence. As a result, the recommendations/suggestions are not uniform...
April 24, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436200/randomised-controlled-trial-shows-that-co-bedding-twins-may-reduce-birth-weight-recovery-delay-parenteral-nutrition-weaning-time-and-hospitalisation
#19
Arnaud Legrand, Anne Frondas, Fabien Aubret, Anne Corre, Cyril Flamant, Laure Simon, Clothilde Desrobert, Jean-Christophe Rozé
AIM: Cobedding describes a technique where premature twins are kept within the same incubator, inside a common cocoon, to prolong the alleged in utero behavioral bond and reduce post-natal stress. However there is no consensus amongst neonatologists regarding any clinical or developmental benefits cobedding may provide, in particular when performed early after the birth. The NEOCOB (NEOnatology & COBedding) trial aimed to assess, for the first time, early cobedding in preterm newborn twins...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436189/medication-appropriateness-for-patients-with-dementia-approaching-the-end-of-their-life
#20
Hsien-Yeh Chuang, Yu-Wen Wen, Liang-Kung Chen, Fei-Yuan Hsiao
AIM: To examine medication use among patients with dementia towards the end of their life and to evaluate the appropriateness of medication use by using a nationwide database. METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified 6532 people with dementia that died between 2008 and 2012. For each person with dementia, data of medication use in the last month of outpatient setting (vs -12th month [baseline]) and last hospitalization (vs -3rd hospitalization [baseline]) before death were retrieved for study...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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