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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339819/thermal-treatments-prior-to-and-during-the-beginning-of-incubation-affects-development-of-the-broiler-embryo-and-yolk-sac-membranes-and-live-performance-and-carcass-characteristics
#1
Y M Lin, S Druyan, S Yahav, J Brake
This study evaluated temperature during preincubation and embryonic day 0 (E0) E0 to E5 of incubation on broiler embryo development and subsequent live performance. Freshly laid eggs from a single 41-wk-old Ross 708 broiler breeder flock produced on a single day were weighed individually for weight matching purposes, stored overnight, and assigned to 4 treatment combinations of 2 preincubation temperatures (23.9 or 29.4°C) × 2 E0 to E5 temperatures (38.1 or 37.5°C). The 29.4°C preincubation temperature decreased (P ≤ 0...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334547/origin-of-cam-morphology-in-femoroacetabular-impingement
#2
William Z Morris, Ryan T Li, Raymond W Liu, Michael J Salata, James T Voos
Cam morphology of the proximal femur is an abnormal contour of the femoral head-neck junction present in approximately 15% to 25% of the asymptomatic population, predominantly in males. Alpha angle and femoral head-neck offset ratio are 2 objective measurement tools that define cam morphology. Both primary (idiopathic) and secondary cam deformity develops through distinct mechanisms. The cause of primary (idiopathic) cam morphology remains incompletely understood. Mounting evidence suggests that idiopathic cam morphology develops during adolescence through alterations in the capital femoral epiphysis in response to participation in vigorous sporting activity...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331996/use-of-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-among-german-breast-cancer-patients-predictors-and-implications-for-patient-care-within-the-praegnant-study-network
#3
Carlo Fremd, Carolin C Hack, Andreas Schneeweiss, Geraldine Rauch, Diethelm Wallwiener, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Florin-Andrei Taran, Andreas Hartkopf, Friedrich Overkamp, Hans Tesch, Tanja Fehm, Peyman Hadji, Wolfgang Janni, Diana Lüftner, Michael P Lux, Volkmar Müller, Johannes Ettl, Erik Belleville, Christof Sohn, Florian Schuetz, Matthias M Beckmann, Peter A Fasching, Markus Wallwiener
PURPOSE: The present study aims to analyze a cohort of advanced breast cancer patients in Germany to assess their interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and patient's use of most frequent CAM methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the PREGNANT real-time breast cancer registry which is a multicenter study in Germany, questionnaires of 580 patients with advanced breast cancer were evaluated. The implemented questionnaire for CAM asked for general interest in CAM and for patient's use of different CAM methods at present and in the past...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330081/emerging-cam-ziziphus-nummularia-with-in-vivo-sedative-hypnotic-antipyretic-and-analgesic-attributes
#4
Abdur Rauf, Jawad Ali, Haroon Khan, Mohammad S Mubarak, Seema Patel
Ziziphus nummularia from Rhamnaceae family is traditionally used for sedative-hypnotic, antipyretic and analgesic purposes; however, scientific validations are lacking. This in vivo study was undertaken to verify the above ameliorative properties of Z. nummularia root methanolic extract. Various fractions of the extract were assayed on Balb/c mice by open field, Brewer's yeast-induced hyperthermia and acetic acid-induced writhing experiments. The significance of the outcomes was analyzed with statistical tests...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329784/age-related-increases-in-verbal-knowledge-are-not-associated-with-word-finding-problems-in-the-cam-can-cohort-what-you-know-won-t-hurt-you
#5
Meredith A Shafto, Lori E James, Lise Abrams, Lorraine K Tyler
Objective: We tested the claim that age-related increases in knowledge interfere with word retrieval, leading to word finding failures. We did this by relating a measure of crystallized intelligence to tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states and picture naming accuracy. Method: Participants were from a large (N = 708), cross-sectional (aged 18-88 years), population-based sample from the Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience cohort (Cam-CAN; www.cam-can.com). They completed (a) the Spot-the-Word Test (STW), a measure of crystallized intelligence in which participants circled the real word in word/nonword pairs, (b) a TOT-inducing task, and (c) a picture naming task...
June 30, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326899/prevalence-and-predictors-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-non-pharmacological-interventions-use-for-menopausal-symptoms-within-the-uk-collaborative-trial-of-ovarian-cancer-screening
#6
A Gentry-Maharaj, C Karpinskyj, C Glazer, M Burnell, K Bailey, S Apostolidou, A Ryan, A Lanceley, L Fraser, I Jacobs, M S Hunter, U Menon
OBJECTIVES: The negative publicity about menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) has led to increased use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) and non-pharmacological interventions (NPI) for menopausal symptom relief. We report on the prevalence and predictors of CAM/NPI among UK postmenopausal women. METHOD: Postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years were invited to participate in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). A total of 202 638 women were recruited and completed a baseline questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326847/anti-angiogenic-activity-and-phytochemical-screening-of-fruit-fractions-from-vitex-agnus-castus
#7
Giovanna Certo, Rosaria Costa, Valeria D'Angelo, Marina Russo, Ambrogina Albergamo, Giacomo Dugo, Maria Paola Germanò
Although the antitumour activity of Vitex agnus castus fruits has been already addressed, no work has yet assessed their anti-angiogenic potential. To this purpose, several extractive fractions of such fruits were tested on zebrafish embrios by EAP assay, so that only the bioactive fractions could be subsequently tested on the chick chorioallantoic membrane by CAM assay. Bioactive fractions were also phytochemically screened to identify those bioactive compounds responsible for anti-angiogenic activity. A marked inhibition of vessel formation was detected only in zebrafish embryos treated with chloroform or ethyl acetate fractions...
March 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326484/genome-wide-transcriptional-analysis-of-cardiovascular-related-genes-and-pathways-induced-by-pm2-5-in-human-myocardial-cells
#8
Lin Feng, Xiaozhe Yang, Collins Otieno Asweto, Jing Wu, Yannan Zhang, Hejing Hu, Yanfeng Shi, Junchao Duan, Zhiwei Sun
Air pollution has been a major environment-related health threat. Most of the studies on PM2.5 toxicity have verified on the cardiovascular system and endothelial cells. However, researches on PM2.5-induced myocardial-related toxicity are limited. This study aims to fully understand the toxic effects of PM2.5 on human myocardial cell (AC16) and explore its molecular mechanism based on microarray analysis and bioinformatics analysis. Microarray data analysis manifested that PM2.5-induced toxicity affected expression of 472 genes compared with the control group, including 166 upregulated genes and 306 downregulated genes in human myocardial (AC16) cells...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326214/open-and-arthroscopic-with-mini-open-surgical-hip-approaches-for-treatment-of-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-and-concomitant-hip-pathology
#9
Bridget Ellsworth, Atul F Kamath
Background. Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare benign tumor affecting large joints and prompts excision to prevent local destruction of the joint. The purpose of this case report is to describe two differing surgical approaches for management of PVNS of the hip in patients requiring concomitant treatment for additional hip pathology. Methods. This report discusses the presentation, clinical and radiographic findings, and operative management of two contrasting cases of PVNS of the hip. Case 1 describes a 31-year-old female with localized PVNS in addition to a labral tear treated with arthroscopic labral repair followed by tumor excision via a mini-open incision...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326203/esthetic-rehabilitation-of-anterior-teeth-with-copy-milled-restorations-a-report-of-two-cases
#10
Sapna Rani, Jyoti Devi, Chandan Jain, Parul Mutneja, Mahesh Verma
Digitalization has become part and parcel of contemporary prosthodontics with the probability of most of the procedures being based on the digital techniques in the near future. This digital revolution started in the latter half of the 20th century by converting analog objects/signals into digital bits and bytes. Recent developments in all-ceramic materials and systems of computer-aided designing and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), copy milling, and so forth offer excellent esthetics and superb biocompatibility...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323939/tac1-gene-products-regulate-pituitary-hormone-secretion-and-gene-expression-in-prepubertal-grass-carp-pituitary-cells
#11
Guangfu Hu, Mulan He, Wendy K W Ko, Anderson O L Wong
Tachykinin 1 (TAC1) is known to have diverse functions in mammals but similar information is scarce in lower vertebrates including fish species. Using grass carp as a model, the pituitary actions, receptor specificity and post-receptor signaling of TAC1 gene products, namely substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA), were examined. As a first step, TAC1 encoding carp SP and NKA as well as tachykinin receptors NK1R and NK2R were cloned in carp pituitary. Expression studies revealed that the newly cloned receptors were functional and with pharmacological properties similar to mammalian counterparts...
March 13, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323290/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-delirium-development-in-icu-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#12
Marcela Kanova, Peter Sklienka, Roman Kula, Michal Burda, Jana Janoutova
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Delirium is an acute brain dysfunction and a frequent complication in critically ill patients. When present it significantly worsens the prognosis of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of delirium and risk factors for delirium in a mixed group of trauma, medical and surgical ICU patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in one of the six-bed Intensive Care Units of the University Hospital Ostrava in the Czech Republic during a 12-month period...
March 14, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323161/seeg-dipole-source-localization-based-on-an-empirical-bayesian-approach-taking-into-account-forward-model-uncertainties
#13
S Le Cam, R Ranta, V Caune, G Korats, L Koessler, L Maillard, V Louis-Dorr
Electromagnetic brain source localization consists in the inversion of a forward model based on a limited number of potential measurements. A wide range of methods has been developed to regularize this severely ill-posed problem and to reduce the solution space, imposing spatial smoothness, anatomical constraint or sparsity of the activated source map. This last criteria, based on physiological assumptions stating that in some particular events (e.g., epileptic spikes, evoked potential) few focal area of the brain are simultaneously actives, has gained more and more interest...
March 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323051/anticancer-and-anti-angiogenic-activities-of-extract-from-actinidia-eriantha-benth-root
#14
Jian-Guo Wu, Li Ma, Shui-Hua Lin, Yan-Bin Wu, Jun Yi, Bin-Jun Yang, Jin-Zhong Wu, Ka-Hing Wong
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The roots of Actinidia eriantha Benth (AER) are commonly used traditional folk medicine for the treatment of gastric carcinoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and breast carcinoma. Besides, the anti-proliferative and immunomodulatory effects of AER polysaccharides on tumor-bearing mice have been reported previously. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work was carried out to investigate the anticancer and anti-angiogenic activities of AER. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The growth inhibitory effects of ethanol extracts from the leaves (EEL), stems (EES) and roots (EER) of A...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322928/a-temperature-responsive-gene-in-sorghum-encodes-a-glycine-rich-protein-that-interacts-with-calmodulin
#15
Supreet Singh, Amardeep Singh Virdi, Rajdeep Jaswal, Mrinalini Chawla, Sanjay Kapoor, Samar B Mohapatra, Narayanan Manoj, Ashwani Pareek, Sanjay Kumar, Prabhjeet Singh
Imposition of different biotic and abiotic stress conditions results in an increase in intracellular levels of Ca(2+) which is sensed by various sensor proteins. Calmodulin (CaM) is one of the best studied transducers of Ca(2+) signals. CaM undergoes conformational changes upon binding to Ca(2+) and interacts with different types of proteins, thereby, regulating their activities. The present study reports the cloning and characterization of a sorghum cDNA encoding a protein (SbGRBP) that shows homology to glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins...
March 18, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322221/venom-from-cuban-blue-scorpion-has-tumor-activating-effect-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Catia Giovannini, Michele Baglioni, Marco Baron Toaldo, Matteo Cescon, Luigi Bolondi, Laura Gramantieri
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is the term used to describe many kinds of products, practices, and systems that are not part of conventional medicine. Cancer patients usually do everything they can to combat the disease, manage its symptoms, and cope with the side effects of treatment. Unfortunately, patients who use CAM underestimate the risk of interaction with cancer therapy or worse they omit conventional therapy thus reducing the possibility of cancer remission. Herein we analyzed the effects of Vidatox 30 CH (venom extracted from the Junceus Rhopalurus scorpion) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321394/computational-studies-on-optoelectronic-and-nonlinear-properties-of-octaphyrin-derivatives
#17
Nasarul Islam, Irfan H Lone
The electronic and nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of octaphyrin derivatives were studied by employing the DFT/TDFT at CAM-B3LYP/6-311++G (2d, 2p) level of the theory. Thiophene, phenyl, methyl and cyano moieties were substituted on the molecular framework of octaphyrin core, in order to observe the change in optoelectronic and nonlinear response of these systems. The frontier molecular orbital studies and values of electron affinity reveals that the studied compounds are stable against the oxygen and moisture present in air...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321342/presurgical-cone-beam-computed-tomography-bone-quality-evaluation-for-predictable-immediate-implant-placement-and-restoration-in-esthetic-zone
#18
Corina Marilena Cristache
Despite numerous advantages over multislice computed tomography (MSCT), including a lower radiation dose to the patient, shorter acquisition times, affordable cost, and sometimes greater detail with isotropic voxels used in reconstruction, allowing precise measurements, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is still controversial regarding bone quality evaluation. This paper presents a brief review of the literature on accuracy and reliability of bone quality assessment with CBCT and a case report with step-by-step predictable treatment planning in esthetic zone, based on CBCT scans which enabled the clinician to evaluate, depending on bone volume and quality, whether immediate restoration with CAD-CAM manufactured temporary crown and flapless surgery may be a treatment option...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320308/binding-of-smoothelin-like-1-to-tropomyosin-and-calmodulin-is-mutually-exclusive-and-regulated-by-phosphorylation
#19
Annegret Ulke-Lemée, David Hao Sun, Hiroaki Ishida, Hans J Vogel, Justin A MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The smoothelin-like 1 protein (SMTNL1) can associate with tropomyosin (Tpm) and calmodulin (CaM), two proteins essential to the smooth muscle contractile process. SMTNL1 is phosphorylated at Ser301 by protein kinase A during calcium desensitization in smooth muscle, yet the effect of SMTNL1 phosphorylation on Tpm- and CaM-binding has yet to be investigated. RESULTS: Using pull down studies with Tpm-Sepharose and CaM-Sepharose, we examined the interplay between Tpm binding, CaM binding, phosphorylation of SMTNL1 and calcium concentration...
March 21, 2017: BMC Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319213/comparison-of-the-marginal-fit-of-cobalt-chromium-metal-ceramic-crowns-fabricated-by-cad-cam-techniques-and-conventional-methods-at-three-production-stages
#20
Francisco Real-Voltas, Elisabeth Romano-Cardozo, Oscar Figueras-Alvarez, Magi Brufau-de Barbera, Josep Cabratosa-Termes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the marginal fit of cobalt-chromium crowns fabricated using conventional casts and computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques at three stages of production: metal coping, after porcelain firing, and after cementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 metal-ceramic crowns were fabricated using four different techniques: lost wax casting, milling, laser sintering, and milling of a presintered metal block...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
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