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Wei Sun, Fei Yang, Yan Wang, Han Fu, Yan Yang, Chun-Li Li, Xiao-Liang Wang, Qing Lin, Jun Chen
Under physiological state, small- and medium-sized dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons are believed to mediate nociceptive behavioral responses to painful stimuli. However, recently it has been found that a number of large-sized neurons are also involved in nociceptive transmission under neuropathic conditions. Nonetheless, the underlying mechanisms that large-sized DRG neurons mediate nociception are poorly understood. In the present study, the role of large-sized neurons in bee venom (BV)-induced mechanical allodynia and the underlying mechanisms were investigated...
October 12, 2016: Neuropharmacology
Max F Oginsky, Ningren Cui, Weiwei Zhong, Christopher M Johnson, Chun Jiang
People with Rett syndrome (RTT) have defects in motor function also seen in Mecp2-null mice. Motor function depends on not only central motor commands but also sensory feedback that is vulnerable to changes in excitability of propriosensory neurons. Here we report evidence for hyperexcitability of mesencephalic trigeminal (Me5) neurons in Mecp2-null mice and a novel cellular mechanism for lowering its impact. In in-vitro brain slices, the Me5 neurons in both Mecp2(-/Y) male and symptomatic Mecp2(+/-) female mice were overly excitable showing increased firing activity in comparison to their wild-type (WT) male and asymptomatic counterparts...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Rafael Zúñiga, Daniela González, Claudio Valenzuela, Nelson Brown, Leandro Zúñiga
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels belong to the superfamily of voltage-gated pore loop channels. In mammals, this family consists of four different subunits (HCN1-4) and their ion channels activity have been proposed to play an essential role in regulating the membrane potential of excitable cells. Here, we describe the expression and relative abundances of HCN channels in cerebellum and primary cultures of cerebellar granule neurons (CGN). Quantitative determination of mRNA expression levels demonstrated the existence of an accumulation pattern of transcripts in cerebellum that encode HCN2 > HCN3 = HCN4 > HCN1 subunits...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jeffery A Boychuk, Jordan S Farrell, Laura A Palmer, Anna C Singleton, Quentin J Pittman, G Campbell Teskey
The mechanisms by which distinct movements of a forelimb are generated from the same area of motor cortex have remained elusive. Here we examined a role for HCN channels, given their ability to alter synaptic integration, in the expression of forelimb movement responses during intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) and movements of the forelimb on a skilled reaching task. We used short-duration high resolution ICMS to evoke forelimb movements following pharmacological (ZD7288), experimental (electrically induced cortical seizures) or genetic approaches that we confirmed with whole-cell patch clamp to substantially reduce Ih current...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Weihua Ding, Zerong You, Shiqian Shen, Lucy Chen, Shengmei Zhu, Jianren Mao
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels regulate neuronal excitability in both peripheral and central nerve systems. Emerging evidence indicates that HCN channels are involved in the development and maintenance of chronic pain. However, the impact of HCN channel activity in the thalamus on chronic pain has not been examined. In this report, we evaluated the effect on nociceptive behaviors after infusion of a HCN channel blocker ZD7288 into the ventral posterolateral (VPL) nucleus of the thalamus in rats with neuropathic pain or monoarthritis...
September 19, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Daniela Negrini, Cristiana Marcozzi, Eleonora Solari, Elena Bossi, Raffaella Cinquetti, Marcella Reguzzoni, Andrea Moriondo
Diaphragmatic lymphatic function is mainly sustained by pressure changes in the tissue and serosal cavities during cardiorespiratory cycles. The most peripheral diaphragmatic lymphatics are equipped with muscle cells (LMCs), which exhibit spontaneous contraction, whose molecular machinery is still undetermined. Hypothesizing that spontaneous contraction might involve hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels in lymphatic LMCs, diaphragmatic specimens, including spontaneously contracting lymphatics, were excised from 33 anesthetized rats, moved to a perfusion chamber containing HEPES-Tyrode's solution, and treated with HCN channels inhibitors cesium chloride (CsCl), ivabradine, and ZD-7288...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Yoshiko Matsumoto-Makidono, Hisako Nakayama, Miwako Yamasaki, Taisuke Miyazaki, Kazuto Kobayashi, Masahiko Watanabe, Masanobu Kano, Kenji Sakimura, Kouichi Hashimoto
Some neurons have the ability to enhance output voltage to input current with a preferred frequency, which is called resonance. Resonance is thought to be a basis for membrane potential oscillation. Although ion channels responsible for resonance have been reported, the precise mechanisms by which these channels work remain poorly understood. We have found that resonance is reduced but clearly present in the inferior olivary neurons of Cav3.1 T-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel knockout (KO) mice. The activation of Cav3...
July 26, 2016: Cell Reports
Mala M Shah
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels are voltage-gated ion channels that activate at potentials more negative than -50 mV and are predominantly permeable to Na(+) and K(+) ions. Four HCN subunits (HCN1-4) have been cloned. These subunits have distinct expression patterns and biophysical properties. In addition, cyclic nucleotides as well as multiple intracellular substances including various kinases and phosphatases modulate the expression and function of the subunits. Hence, the characteristics of the current, Ih, are likely to vary among neuronal subtypes...
2016: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
Chang Liu, Changan Xie, Khade Grant, Zhuocheng Su, Weihua Gao, Qinglian Liu, Lei Zhou
Counting ion channels on cell membranes is of fundamental importance for the study of channel biophysics. Channel counting has thus far been tackled by classical approaches, such as radioactive labeling of ion channels with blockers, gating current measurements, and nonstationary noise analysis. Here, we develop a counting method based on patch-clamp fluorometry (PCF), which enables simultaneous electrical and optical recordings, and apply it to EGFP-tagged, hyperpolarization-activated and cyclic nucleotide-regulated (HCN) channels...
July 2016: Journal of General Physiology
Wei He, Jian Zhang, Tianyi Gan, Guojun Xu, Baopeng Tang
The aim of the present study was to analyze the mRNA and protein expression levels of atrial hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel isoforms in the left atrial muscle of dogs with multiple organ failure. A total of 14 beagle dogs with multiple organ failure, including seven cases with sinus rhythm and seven cases with atrial fibrillation (AF), underwent surgery to remove a sample of left atrial appendage tissue. The expression levels of a number of HCN channel subtypes were subsequently measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Allison T Knoll, Lindsay R Halladay, Andrew J Holmes, Pat Levitt
UNLABELLED: Trauma- and stress-related disorders are clinically heterogeneous and associated with substantial genetic risk. Understanding the biological origins of heterogeneity of key intermediate phenotypes such as cognition and emotion can provide novel mechanistic insights into disorder pathogenesis. Performing quantitative genetics in animal models is a tractable strategy for examining both the genetic basis of intermediate phenotypes and functional testing of candidate quantitative traits genes (QTGs)...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Lennart Barthel, Olivia Reetz, Ulf Strauss
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cationic currents (Ih) through the fast activating and relatively cAMP insensitive subtype of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels, HCN1, are limited by cytosolic factors in mammalian cells. This cytosolic HCN1 break is boosted by changes in membrane voltage that are not characterized on a biophysical level, yet. METHODS: We overexpressed rat (r)HCN1 in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) and recorded pharmacologically isolated Ih in cell-attached or whole-cell mode of the patch-clamp technique...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Matic Pavlin, Giulia Rossetti, Marco De Vivo, Paolo Carloni
The endogenous dipeptide l-carnosine, and its derivative homocarnosine, prevent and reduce several pathologies like amytrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. Their beneficial action is severely hampered because of the hydrolysis by carnosinase enzymes, in particular the human carnosinase, hCN1. This belongs to the metallopeptidase M20 family, where a cocatalytic active site is formed by two Zn(2+) ions, bridged by a hydroxide anion. The protein may exist as a monomer and as a dimer in vivo...
May 17, 2016: Biochemistry
Pan Luo, Cheng Chen, Yun Lu, TianLi Fu, Qing Lu, Xulin Xu, Changjun Li, Zhi He, Lianjun Guo
Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) causes memory deficits and increases the risk of vascular dementia (VD) through several biologically plausible pathways. However, whether CCH causes prefrontal cortex (PFC)-dependent spatial working memory impairments and Baclofen, a GABAB receptor agonist, could ameliorate the impairments is still not clear especially the mechanisms underlying the process. In this study, rats were subjected to permanent bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries (two-vessel occlusion, 2VO) to induce CCH...
July 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Sarah Y Branch, Cang Chen, Ramaswamy Sharma, James D Lechleiter, Senlin Li, Michael J Beckstead
UNLABELLED: Dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra (SN) play a vital role in everyday tasks, such as reward-related behavior and voluntary movement, and excessive loss of these neurons is a primary hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial dysfunction has long been implicated in PD and many animal models induce parkinsonian features by disrupting mitochondrial function. MitoPark mice are a recently developed genetic model of PD that lacks the gene for mitochondrial transcription factor A specifically in dopaminergic neurons...
April 6, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Jing Fan, Patrick L Stemkowski, Maria A Gandini, Stefanie A Black, Zizhen Zhang, Ivana A Souza, Lina Chen, Gerald W Zamponi
Genetic ablation of cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) has been linked to increased neuronal excitability and synaptic activity in the hippocampus. We have previously shown that synaptic activity in hippocampi of PrP-null mice is increased due to enhanced N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) function. Here, we focused on the effect of PRNP gene knock-out (KO) on intrinsic neuronal excitability, and in particular, the underlying ionic mechanism in hippocampal neurons cultured from P0 mouse pups. We found that the absence of PrP(C) profoundly affected the firing properties of cultured hippocampal neurons in the presence of synaptic blockers...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Ai Nishitani, Miyuu Tanaka, Saki Shimizu, Naofumi Kunisawa, Mayuko Yokoe, Yusaku Yoshida, Toshiro Suzuki, Tetsushi Sakuma, Takashi Yamamoto, Mitsuru Kuwamura, Shigeo Takenaka, Yukihiro Ohno, Takashi Kuramoto
Essential tremor (ET) is a common movement disorder with a poorly understood etiology. The TRM/Kyo mutant rat, showing spontaneous tremor, is an animal model of ET. Recently, we demonstrated that tremors in these rats emerge when two mutant loci, a missense mutation in the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated potassium channel 1 (Hcn1) and the tremor (tm) deletion, are present simultaneously. However, we did not identify which gene within the tm deletion causes tremor expression in TRM/Kyo rats...
July 29, 2016: Experimental Animals
Mattia Maroso, Gergely G Szabo, Hannah K Kim, Allyson Alexander, Anh D Bui, Sang-Hun Lee, Beat Lutz, Ivan Soltesz
The mechanisms underlying the effects of cannabinoids on cognitive processes are not understood. Here we show that cannabinoid type-1 receptors (CB1Rs) control hippocampal synaptic plasticity and spatial memory through the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels that underlie the h-current (Ih), a key regulator of dendritic excitability. The CB1R-HCN pathway, involving c-Jun-N-terminal kinases (JNKs), nitric oxide synthase, and intracellular cGMP, exerts a tonic enhancement of Ih selectively in pyramidal cells located in the superficial portion of the CA1 pyramidal cell layer, whereas it is absent from deep-layer cells...
March 2, 2016: Neuron
Shuzhuo Zhang, Zerong You, Shuxing Wang, Jinsheng Yang, Lujia Yang, Yan Sun, Wenli Mi, Liling Yang, Michael F McCabe, Shiqian Shen, Lucy Chen, Jianren Mao
Neuropeptide S (NPS), an endogenous anxiolytic, has been shown to protect against chronic pain through interacting with its cognate NPS receptor (NPSR) in the brain. However, the cellular mechanism of this NPS action remains unclear. We report that NPS inhibits hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel current (Ih) in the rat's amygdala through activation of NPSR. This NPS effect is mediated through ERK1/2 phosphorylation in a subset of pyramidal-like neurons located in the medial amygdala...
June 2016: Neuropharmacology
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2016: PloS One
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