Read by QxMD icon Read


Kenta Sakurai, Hiroko Kawasaki
Phenotypic and genetic changes during long-term preservation have been observed in microbial strains at culture collections (CCs). It is imperative to verify the effects of these changes on quality of the strains preserved at CCs. In this study, we performed genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis of different production lots, which had been derived from the same origin and preserved at the NITE Biological Resource Center (NBRC) for a 4-38-year period by the vacuum liquid drying method at 4 °C...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Dilruba Sharmin, Yong Guo, Tomoyasu Nishizawa, Shoko Ohshima, Yoshinori Sato, Yusuke Takashima, Kazuhiko Narisawa, Hiroyuki Ohta
Endohyphal bacteria (EHB), dwelling within fungal hyphae, markedly affect the growth and metabolic potential of their hosts. To date, two EHB belonging to the family Burkholderiaceae have been isolated and characterized as new taxa, Burkholderia rhizoxinica (HKI 454T ) and Mycoavidus cysteinexigens (B1-EBT ), in Japan. Metagenome sequencing was recently reported for Mortierella elongata AG77 together with its endosymbiont M. cysteinexigens (Mc-AG77) from a soil/litter sample in the USA. In the present study, we elucidated the complete genome sequence of B1-EBT and compared it with those of Mc-AG77 and HKI 454T ...
March 14, 2018: Microbes and Environments
Annemarie P M Stiekema, Anne Looijmans, Lisette van der Meer, Richard Bruggeman, Robert A Schoevers, Eva Corpeleijn, Frederike Jörg
Large studies investigating the psychosocial effects of lifestyle interventions in patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) are scarce, especially in residential patients. This large, randomized controlled, multicentre pragmatic trial assessed the psychosocial effects of a combined diet-and-exercise lifestyle intervention targeting the obesogenic environment of SMI residential patients. Twenty-nine sheltered and clinical care teams were randomized into intervention (n=15) or control (n=14) arm. Team tailored diet-and-exercise lifestyle plans were set up to change the obesogenic environment into a healthier setting, and team members were trained in supporting patients to make healthier choices...
March 1, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Randall W Grout, Erika R Cheng, Aaron E Carroll, Nerissa S Bauer, Stephen M Downs
OBJECTIVE: Long-term acceptability among computerized clinical decision support system (CDSS) users in pediatrics is unknown. We examine user acceptance patterns over six years of our continuous computerized CDSS integration and updates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Users of Child Health Improvement through Computer Automation (CHICA), a CDSS integrated into clinical workflows and used in several urban pediatric community clinics, completed annual surveys including 11 questions covering user acceptability...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Ming-Xia Chen, He-Yang Li, Xiao-Sheng Ye, Xiao-Yu He
The draft genome sequence of the extracellular protease-producing bacterium Stenotrophomonas bentonitica VV6, isolated from Arctic seawater, was established. The genome size was approximately 4.365 Mb, with a G+C content of 66.54%, and it contains 3,871 predicted protein-coding sequences (CDSs) and 60 tRNAs.
February 22, 2018: Genome Announcements
Matthew Rubinstein, Robert Hirsch, Kakali Bandyopadhyay, Bereneice Madison, Thomas Taylor, Anne Ranne, Millie Linville, Keri Donaldson, Felicitas Lacbawan, Nancy Cornish
Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of practices used to support appropriate clinical laboratory test utilization. Methods: This review followed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Laboratory Medicine Best Practices A6 cycle method. Eligible studies assessed one of the following practices for effect on outcomes relating to over- or underutilization: computerized provider order entry (CPOE), clinical decision support systems/tools (CDSS/CDST), education, feedback, test review, reflex testing, laboratory test utilization (LTU) teams, and any combination of these practices...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Eric Duchaud, Tatiana Rochat, Christophe Habib, Paul Barbier, Valentin Loux, Cyprien Guérin, Inger Dalsgaard, Lone Madsen, Hanne Nilsen, Krister Sundell, Tom Wiklund, Nicole Strepparava, Thomas Wahli, Greta Caburlotto, Amedeo Manfrin, Gregory D Wiens, Erina Fujiwara-Nagata, Ruben Avendaño-Herrera, Jean-François Bernardet, Pierre Nicolas
Flavobacterium psychrophilum , the etiological agent of rainbow trout fry syndrome and bacterial cold-water disease in salmonid fish, is currently one of the main bacterial pathogens hampering the productivity of salmonid farming worldwide. In this study, the genomic diversity of the F. psychrophilum species is analyzed using a set of 41 genomes, including 30 newly sequenced isolates. These were selected on the basis of available MLST data with the two-fold objective of maximizing the coverage of the species diversity and of allowing a focus on the main clonal complex (CC-ST10) infecting farmed rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) worldwide...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Pedro Romero-Aroca, Aida Valls-Mateu, Antonio Moreno-Ribas, Ramon Sagarra-Alamo, Josep Basora-Gallisa, Emran Saleh, Marc Baget-Bernaldiz, Domenec Puig
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to build a clinical decision support system (CDSS) in diabetic retinopathy (DR), based on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. METHOD: We built a CDSS from a sample of 2,323 patients, divided into a training set of 1,212 patients, and a testing set of 1,111 patients. The CDSS is based on a fuzzy random forest, which is a set of fuzzy decision trees. A fuzzy decision tree is a hierarchical data structure that classifies a patient into several classes to some level, depending on the values that the patient presents in the attributes related to the DR risk factors...
February 21, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Caetanie F Tchagang, Renlin Xu, Cyr Lézin Doumbou, James T Tambong
Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of two new biological control strains (S1E40 and S3E12) of Pseudomonas was performed to assess their taxonomic position relative to close lineages, and comparative genomics employed to investigate whether these strains differ in key genetic features involved in hypersensitivity responses (HRs). Strain S3E12, at high concentration, incites HRs on tobacco and corn plantlets while S1E40 does not. Phylogenies based on individual genes and 16S rRNA-gyrB-rpoB-rpoD concatenated sequence data show strains S1E40 and S3E12 clustering in distinct groups...
February 21, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Kevin P Eaton, Natasha Chida, Ariella Apfel, Leonard Feldman, Adena Greenbaum, Susan Tuddenham, Emily A Kendall, Amit Pahwa
BACKGROUND: The near-universal prevalence of electronic health records (EHRs) has made the utilization of clinical decision support systems (CDSS) an integral strategy for improving the value of laboratory ordering. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of nonintrusive CDSS on inpatient laboratory utilization in large academic centres. METHODS: Red blood cell folate, hepatitis C virus viral loads and genotypes, and type and screens were selected for study...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Qingli Meng, Rongqin Li, Feng Hou, Qiulan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The present study was aimed to examine the effects of chlorpromazine on sleep quality, clinical and emotional measures in people suffering from schizophrenia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were enrolled in this study. Our study included a one-week running-in no-treatment period and two-month experimental period. Patients received chlorpromazine during the experimental period. The baseline and treatment outcome were recorded...
February 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Dominik Strzelecki, Małgorzata Urban-Kowalczyk, Adam Wysokiński
OBJECTIVE: Augmentation of sarcosine, a natural inhibitor of the glycine transporter type I, normalizes glutamatergic neurotransmission, having beneficial impact on primary negative symptoms in schizophrenia and may also influence immune system and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels. AIM: Finding a relationship between initial IL-6 serum concentrations or its changes and severity of symptoms as a result of sarcosine addition to stable antipsychotic treatment. METHOD: Fifity-eight individuals with schizophrenia with predominantly negative symptoms completed a 6-month randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled prospective study...
February 7, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
Haoxin Lv, Nurettin Sahin, Akio Tani
Recently it has been found that two types of methanol dehydrogenases (MDHs) exist in Gram-negative bacterial methylotrophs, calcium-dependent MxaFI-MDH and lanthanide-dependent XoxF-MDH, and the latter is more widespread in bacterial genomes. We aimed to isolate and characterize lanthanide dependent methylotrophs. The growth of strain La2-4T on methanol, which was isolated from rice rhizosphere soil, was strictly lanthanide dependent. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence showed only 93.4% identity to that of Methylophilus luteus MimT , and the name Novimethylophilus kurashikiensis gen...
February 6, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
Shaker El-Sappagh, Daehan Kwak, Farman Ali, Kyung-Sup Kwak
BACKGROUND: Treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex problem. A clinical decision support system (CDSS) based on massive and distributed electronic health record data can facilitate the automation of this process and enhance its accuracy. The most important component of any CDSS is its knowledge base. This knowledge base can be formulated using ontologies. The formal description logic of ontology supports the inference of hidden knowledge. Building a complete, coherent, consistent, interoperable, and sharable ontology is a challenge...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
Hesham Salem, Giacomo Caddeo, Jon McFarlane, Kunjan Patel, Lynda Cochrane, Daniele Soria, Mike Henley, Jonathan Lund
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (CaP) has a rising number of patients requiring routine follow up. In this study, we aimed to test a computer led follow up service for prostate cancer in two UK hospitals. The testing aimed to validate the computer Expert system in making clinical decisions according to the individual patient's clinical need. The valid model should accurately identify patients with disease recurrence or treatment failure based on their blood test and clinical picture. METHODS: A clinical decision support system (CDSS) was developed from European (EAU) and national (NICE) guidelines along with knowledge acquired from Urologists...
February 2, 2018: BJU International
Pei Wang, Peng Zhang, Gui-Wen Wu, Shang-Qing Hu, Jing Li, Jun-Jun Sun, Ya-Feng Wang, Min-Yi Zhao, Ni-Juan Hu, Jiang Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the analgesic effect of deqi induced by needling at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on primary dysmenorrheal (PD) patients with cold damp stagnation syndrome (CDSS). METHODS: A total of 64 PD patients with CDSS experiencing abdominal pain (≥40 mm in visual analogue scale ,VAS) were randomly assigned into deqi-expectation(DE) group(n=15) and no-deqi-expectation(NDE) group(n=49). On the first day of abdominal pain attack, bilateral SP 6 were punctured respectively with thicker needles with deeper insertion for deqi-expectation patients and thin filiform needles with shallow insertion for no-deqi-expectation patients...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Annica Bjorkman, Martin Salzmann-Erikson
The aim of the study was to describe the telephone nurses' experiences of encountering callers with mental illnesses. Telenursing services are solely staffed with telenurses, who with the support of a decision support system (CDSS) independently triage callers based on the severity of the main symptoms presented by the care seeker. The system focuses on somatic symptoms, while information regarding mental health and mental illnesses is limited. Information about telenurses' experiences of encountering care seekers with mental illnesses is scarce, despite the increase in mental illnesses in the population...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Esaú Megías, Fábio Bueno Dos Reis Junior, Renan Augusto Ribeiro, Francisco Javier Ollero, Manuel Megías, Mariangela Hungria
Pantoea ananatis 1.38 is a strain isolated from the rhizosphere of irrigated rice in southern Spain. Its genome was estimated at 4,869,281 bp, with 4,644 coding sequences (CDSs). The genome encompasses several CDSs related to plant growth promotion, such as that for siderophore metabolism, and virulence genes characteristic of pathogenic Pantoea spp. are absent.
January 25, 2018: Genome Announcements
Mohd Suffian Yusoff, Hamidi Abdul Aziz, Mohd Faiz Muaz Ahmad Zamri, Fatihah Suja', Ahmad Zuhairi Abdullah, Noor Ezlin Ahmad Basri
This study investigated the behavior and mechanisms of cross-linked Durio zibethinus seed starch (CDSS) flocculants for landfill leachate treatment. A physical-chemical treatment method of coagulation-flocculation process and starch modification were implemented in treating stabilized leachate from Matang Landfill, Perak, Malaysia. In practical, the removal performance of color, COD, suspended solid and turbidity for CDSS flocculants were evaluated by combining with primary coagulant of polyaluminium chloride (PAC)...
January 19, 2018: Waste Management
K E Ravikumar, Kathy L MacLaughlin, Marianne R Scheitel, Maya Kessler, Kavishwar B Wagholikar, Hongfang Liu, Rajeev Chaudhry
BACKGROUND:  Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) for cervical cancer prevention are generally limited to identifying patients who are overdue for their next routine/next screening, and they do not provide recommendations for follow-up of abnormal results. We previously developed a CDSS to automatically provide follow-up recommendations based on the American Society of Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) guidelines for women with both previously normal and abnormal test results leveraging information available in the electronic medical record (EMR)...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"