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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712967/clinical-utility-of-the-calgary-depression-scale-for-schizophrenia-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis
#1
Gurpreet Rekhi, Wai Yee Ng, Jimmy Lee
There is a pressing need for reliable and valid rating scales to assess and measure depression in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical utility of the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) in individuals at UHR of psychosis. 167 individuals at UHR of psychosis were included as participants in this study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, CDSS, Beck Anxiety Inventory and Global Assessment of Functioning were administered...
July 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689013/complete-genome-sequence-of-stenotrophomonas-sp-kctc-12332-a-biotechnological-potential-bacterium
#2
Ha Taek Kwon, Eun Hyuk Jang, Seung Kyun Na, A Ram Shin, Augustine Yonghwi Kim, Young Min Chi, Hyun Park
Hydroxy fatty acids are used in various industries due to their availability, and in particular, Stenotrophomonas sp. has been regarded as a potential candidate for biotechnological applications, including biotransformation that hydrate unsaturated fatty acids into their derivatives. Here we complete the genome sequence of Stenotrophomonas sp. KCTC 12332 which has a size of 4,541,594bp (G+C content of 63.83%) with 3790 coding DNA sequences (CDSs), 67 tRNA and 3 rRNA operons. The genome contains gene encoding oleate hydratase that can convert oleic acid into 10-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679487/issues-associated-with-the-use-of-semantic-web-technology-in-knowledge-acquisition-for-clinical-decision-support-systems-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Seyedjamal Zolhavarieh, David Parry, Quan Bai
BACKGROUND: Knowledge-based clinical decision support system (KB-CDSS) can be used to help practitioners make diagnostic decisions. KB-CDSS may use clinical knowledge obtained from a wide variety of sources to make decisions. However, knowledge acquisition is one of the well-known bottlenecks in KB-CDSSs, partly because of the enormous growth in health-related knowledge available and the difficulty in assessing the quality of this knowledge as well as identifying the "best" knowledge to use...
July 5, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666826/affective-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-are-strongly-associated-with-neurocognitive-deficits-indicating-disorders-in-executive-functions-visual-memory-attention-and-social-cognition
#4
Buranee Kanchanatawan, Supaksorn Thika, George Anderson, Piotr Galecki, Michael Maes
The aim of this study was to assess the neurocognitive correlates of affective symptoms in schizophrenia. Towards this end, 40 healthy controls and 80 schizophrenia patients were investigated with six tests of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), assessing spatial working memory, paired-association learning, one touch stocking, rapid visual information (RVP), emotional recognition test and intra/extradimensional set shifting. The Hamilton Depression (HDRS) and Anxiety (HAMA) Rating Scales and the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) as well as the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were also used...
June 27, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636060/developing-mobile-clinical-decision-support-for-nursing-home-staff-assessment-of-urinary-tract-infection-using-goal-directed-design
#5
Wallace Jones, Cynthia Drake, David Mack, Blaine Reeder, Barbara Trautner, Heidi Wald
BACKGROUND: Unique characteristics of nursing homes (NHs) contribute to high rates of inappropriate antibiotic use for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB), a benign condition. A mobile clinical decision support system (CDSS) may support NH staff in differentiating urinary tract infections (UTI) from ASB and reducing antibiotic days. OBJECTIVES: We used Goal-Directed Design to: 1) Characterize information needs for UTI identification and management in NHs; 2) Develop UTI Decide, a mobile CDSS prototype informed by personas and scenarios of use constructed from Aim 1 findings; 3) Evaluate the UTI Decide prototype with NH staff...
June 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624550/comparative-genome-analysis-of-fish-pathogen-flavobacterium-columnare-reveals-extensive-sequence-diversity-within-the-species
#6
Pattanapon Kayansamruaj, Ha Thanh Dong, Ikuo Hirono, Hidehiro Kondo, Saengchan Senapin, Channarong Rodkhum
Flavobacterium columnare is one of the deadliest fish pathogens causing devastating mortality in various freshwater fish species globally. To gain an insight into bacterial genomic contents and structures, comparative genome analyses were performed using the reference and newly sequenced genomes of F. columnare including genomovar I, II and I/II strains isolated from Thailand, Europe and the USA. Bacterial genomes varied in size from 3.09 to 3.39Mb (2714 to 3101 CDSs). The pan-genome analysis revealed open pan-genome nature of F...
June 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613188/automated-spirometry-quality-assurance-supervised-learning-from-multiple-experts
#7
Filip Velickovski, Robert Marti, Luigi Ceccaroni, Felip Burgos, Concepcion Gistau, Xavier Alsina-Restoy, Josep Roca
Forced spirometry testing is gradually becoming available across different healthcare tiers including primary care. It has been demonstrated in earlier work that commercially available spirometers are not fully able to assure the quality of individual spirometry manoeuvres. Thus a need to expand the availability of high quality spirometry assessment beyond specialist pulmonary centres has arisen. In this work we propose a method to select and optimise a classifier using supervised learning techniques by learning from previously classified forced spirometry tests from a group of experts...
June 8, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611492/genome-mining-and-predictive-functional-profiling-of-acidophilic-rhizobacterium-pseudomonas-fluorescens-pt14
#8
Pooja Rani, Nitish Kumar Mahato, Anukriti Sharma, Desiraju Lakshmi Narsimha Rao, Komal Kamra, Rup Lal
Pseudomonas fluorescens Pt14 is a non-pathogenic and acidophilic bacterium isolated from acidic soil (pH 4.65). Genome sequencing of strain Pt14 was performed using Single Molecule Real Time (SMRT) sequencing to get insights into unique existence of this strain in acidic environment. Complete genome sequence of this strain revealed a chromosome of 5,841,722 bp having 5354 CDSs and 88 RNAs. Phylogenomic reconstruction based on 16S rRNA gene, Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) values and marker proteins revealed that strain Pt14 shared a common clade with P...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598775/rheumatologists-guideline-adherence-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomised-controlled-study-on-electronic-decision-support-education-and-feedback
#9
Nienke Lesuis, Ronald F van Vollenhoven, Reinier P Akkermans, Lise M Verhoef, Marlies E Hulscher, Alfons A den Broeder
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of education, feedback and a computerised decision support system (CDSS) versus education and feedback alone on rheumatologists' rheumatoid arthritis (RA) guideline adherence. METHODS: A single-centre, randomised controlled pilot study was performed among clinicians (rheumatologists, residents and physician assistants; n=20) working at the study centre, with a 1:1 randomisation of included clinicians. A standardized sum score (SSS) on guideline adherence was used as the primary outcome (patient level)...
June 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594056/the-effect-of-add-on-memantine-on-positive-negative-and-depressive-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-doubleblind-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Victoria Omranifard, Fatemeh Rajabi, Maryam Mohammadian-Sichani, Mohammad Reza Maracy
treatment of schizophrenia, they don’t adequately address residual positive, negative and depressive symptoms. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of adjunctive memantine treatment on positive, negative and depressive symptoms of schizophrenia. METHODS: This randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted in Noor Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, 2013-2014; 32 patients in maintenance treatment were included in each group, using block sampling; inclusion criteria were age 18- 65 years, normal intellectual ability, being diagnosed with schizophrenia for the past two years, being treated with fixed doses of atypical antipsychotic for at least three months before randomization...
May 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593816/the-experience-of-physicians-in-pharmacogenomic-clinical-decision-support-within-eight-german-university-hospitals
#11
Marc Hinderer, Martin Boeker, Sebastian A Wagner, Harald Binder, Frank Ückert, Stephanie Newe, Jan L Hülsemann, Michael Neumaier, Carmen Schade-Brittinger, Till Acker, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Brita Sedlmayr
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the physicians' attitude, their knowledge and their experience in pharmacogenomic clinical decision support in German hospitals. MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted an online survey to address physicians of 13 different medical specialties across eight German university hospitals. In total, 564 returned questionnaires were analyzed. RESULTS: The remaining knowledge gap, the uncertainty of test reimbursement and the physicians' lack of awareness of existing pharmacogenomic clinical decision support systems (CDSS) are the major barriers for implementing pharmacogenomic CDSS into German hospitals...
June 8, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587608/integrating-clinical-decision-support-systems-for-pharmacogenomic-testing-into-clinical-routine-a-scoping-review-of-designs-of-user-system-interactions-in-recent-system-development
#12
Marc Hinderer, Martin Boeker, Sebastian A Wagner, Martin Lablans, Stephanie Newe, Jan L Hülsemann, Michael Neumaier, Harald Binder, Harald Renz, Till Acker, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
BACKGROUND: Pharmacogenomic clinical decision support systems (CDSS) have the potential to help overcome some of the barriers for translating pharmacogenomic knowledge into clinical routine. Before developing a prototype it is crucial for developers to know which pharmacogenomic CDSS features and user-system interactions have yet been developed, implemented and tested in previous pharmacogenomic CDSS efforts and if they have been successfully applied. We address this issue by providing an overview of the designs of user-system interactions of recently developed pharmacogenomic CDSS...
June 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577223/correspondence-between-negative-symptoms-and-potential-sources-of-secondary-negative-symptoms-over-time
#13
Aida Farreny, Mark Savill, Stefan Priebe
There has been a debate in the literature about the distinction between primary and secondary negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Our aim was to study the associations between negative symptoms and potential sources of secondary negative symptoms over time. A sample of 275 participants with at least mid-moderate negative symptoms was randomized into body psychotherapy or Pilates class in a previous study. No significant differences were found between groups over time and changes in the symptom domains were modest...
June 2, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572309/genome-sequence-of-roseovarius-mucosus-strain-smr3-isolated-from-a-culture-of-the-diatom-skeletonema-marinoi
#14
Mats Töpel, Matthew I M Pinder, Oskar N Johansson, Olga Kourtchenko, Anna Godhe, Adrian K Clarke
We present the genome of Roseovarius mucosus strain SMR3, a marine bacterium isolated from the diatom Skeletonema marinoi strain RO5AC sampled from top layer sediments at 14 m depth. Its 4,381,426 bp genome consists of a circular chromosome and two circular plasmids and contains 4,178 coding sequences (CDSs).
June 1, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569192/the-binding-sites-of-mir-619-5p-in-the-mrnas-of-human-and-orthologous-genes
#15
Shara Atambayeva, Raigul Niyazova, Anatoliy Ivashchenko, Anna Pyrkova, Ilya Pinsky, Aigul Akimniyazova, Siegfried Labeit
BACKGROUND: Normally, one miRNA interacts with the mRNA of one gene. However, there are miRNAs that can bind to many mRNAs, and one mRNA can be the target of many miRNAs. This significantly complicates the study of the properties of miRNAs and their diagnostic and medical applications. RESULTS: The search of 2,750 human microRNAs (miRNAs) binding sites in 12,175 mRNAs of human genes using the MirTarget program has been completed. For the binding sites of the miR-619-5p the hybridization free energy of the bonds was equal to 100% of the maximum potential free energy...
June 1, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566995/the-use-of-automated-snomed-ct-clinical-coding-in-clinical-decision-support-systems-for-preventive-care
#16
Bader Al-Hablani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to discuss and analyze the use of automated SNOMED CT clinical coding in clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) for preventive care. The central question that this study seeks to answer is whether the utilization of SNOMED CT in CDSSs can improve preventive care. METHOD: PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library were searched for articles published in English between 2001 and 2012 on SNOMED CT, CDSS, and preventive care...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551853/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-novel-autographiviruses-infecting-a-bacterium-from-the-pseudomonas-fluorescens-group
#17
Grzegorz Nowicki, Karolina Walkowiak-Nowicka, Agata Zemleduch-Barylska, Anna Mleczko, Patryk Frąckowiak, Natalia Nowaczyk, Emilia Kozdrowska, Jakub Barylski
In this paper, we describe two independent isolates of a new member of the subfamily Autographivirinae, Pseudomonas phage KNP. The type strain (KNP) has a linear, 40,491-bp-long genome with GC content of 57.3%, and 50 coding DNA sequences (CDSs). The genome of the second strain (WRT) contains one CDS less, encodes a significantly different tail fiber protein and is shorter (40,214 bp; GC content, 57.4%). Phylogenetic analysis indicates that both KNP and WRT belong to the genus T7virus. Together with genetically similar Pseudomonas phages (gh-1, phiPSA2, phiPsa17, PPPL-1, shl2, phi15, PPpW-4, UNO-SLW4, phiIBB-PF7A, Pf-10, and Phi-S1), they form a divergent yet coherent group that stands apart from the T7-like viruses (sensu lato)...
May 27, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549669/the-iscreen-electronic-diabetes-dashboard-a-tool-to-improve-knowledge-and-implementation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#18
Stacy Zahanova, Alexandra Tsouka, Mark R Palmert, Farid H Mahmud
OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) provide evidence-based recommendations for patient care but may not be optimally applied in clinical settings. As a pilot study, we evaluated the impact of a computerized, point-of-care decision support system (CDSS) on guideline knowledge and adherence in our diabetes clinic. METHODS: iSCREEN, a CDSS, integrated with a province-wide electronic health record, was designed based on the Canadian Diabetes Association 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada...
May 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523007/transcriptomic-identification-of-drought-related-genes-and-ssr-markers-in-sudan-grass-based-on-rna-seq
#19
Yongqun Zhu, Xia Wang, Linkai Huang, Chaowen Lin, Xinquan Zhang, Wenzhi Xu, Jianhua Peng, Zhou Li, Haidong Yan, Fuxiang Luo, Xie Wang, Li Yao, Dandan Peng
Sudan grass (Sorghum sudanense) is an annual warm-season gramineous forage grass that is widely used as pasture, hay, and silage. However, drought stress severely impacts its yield, and there is limited information about the mechanisms of drought tolerance in Sudan grass. In this study, we used next-generation sequencing to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the Sudan grass variety Wulate No.1, and we developed simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers associated with drought stress. From 852,543,826 raw reads, nearly 816,854,366 clean reads were identified and used for analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521782/combining-alcohol-interventions-with-tobacco-addictions-treatment-in-primary-care-the-combat-study-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#20
Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking are often treated separately despite concurrent treatment potentially leading to better outcomes for each. However, no rapidly scalable program exists for combined interventions in primary care clinics spread across wide geographic areas. This cluster randomized trial aims to report on the effects of a novel clinical decision support system (CDSS) on intervention rates by primary care practitioners addressing risky alcohol use in a smoking cessation program...
May 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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