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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218402/characterization-of-the-%C3%AE-and-p-phase-precipitates-in-the-cmsx-4-single-crystal-superalloy
#1
B Dubiel, P Indyka, T Moskalewicz, A Kruk, M Zubko, I Kalemba-Rec, K Berent
A combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning-transmission electron microscopy (STEM) using high-angle annular-dark-field (HAADF) imaging, focussed ion beam- scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) tomography, selected area electron diffraction with beam precession (PED), as well as spatially resolved energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), was used to investigate topologically close-packed (TCP) phases, occurring in the CMSX-4 superalloy subjected to high temperature annealing and creep deformation...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169116/utilization-and-effectiveness-of-desmopressin-acetate-after-cardiac-surgery-supplemented-with-point-of-care-hemostatic-testing-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#2
David Orlov, Stuart A McCluskey, Jeannie Callum, Vivek Rao, Jacobo Moreno, Keyvan Karkouti
OBJECTIVES: To explore the utilization pattern and hemostatic effectiveness of desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) supplemented with point-of-care (POC) hemostatic testing in contemporary cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: Single quaternary care university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 2,468 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery-1,237 before and 1,231 after the introduction of POC testing...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103989/-experimental-research-on-the-effects-of-different-activators-on-the-formation-of-platelet-rich-gel-and-the-release-of-bioactive-substances-in-human-platelet-rich-plasma
#3
Y Yang, W Zhang, B Cheng
Objective: To explore the effects of calcium gluconate and thrombin on the formation of platelet-rich gel (PRG) and the release of bioactive substances in human platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and the clinical significance. Methods: Six healthy blood donors who met the inclusion criteria were recruited in our unit from May to August in 2016. Platelet samples of each donor were collected for preparation of PRP. (1) PRP in the volume of 10 mL was collected from each donor and divided into thrombin activation group (TA, added with 0...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091639/gold-nanoparticles-stabilized-by-cationic-carbosilane-dendrons-synthesis-and-biological-properties
#4
Cornelia E Peña-González, Elzbieta Pedziwiatr-Werbicka, Dzmitry Shcharbin, Carlos Guerrero-Beltrán, Viktar Abashkin, Svetlana Loznikova, José L Jiménez, M Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Maria Bryszewska, Rafael Gómez, Javier Sánchez-Nieves, F Javier de la Mata
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and polycationic macromolecules are used as gene carriers. Their behaviour is dependent on several factors, such as the size and type of the framework, charge, etc. We have combined both types of systems and prepared AuNPs covered with cationic carbosilane dendrons with the aim to evaluate their biocompatibility. Water soluble dendronized cationic AuNPs were prepared following a straightforward procedure from dendrons, a gold precursor and a reducing agent in water and were characterized by (1)H NMR, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV), and zeta potential (ZP)...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936777/peptizing-mechanism-at-the-molecular-level-of-laponite-nanoclay-gels
#5
Philip Kensbock, Dan Eugen Demco, Smriti Singh, Khosrow Rahimi, Radu Fechete, Andreas Walther, Annette Monika Schmidt, Martin Möller
In the presence of additives such as etidronic acid (1-hydroxyethane-1,1-diphosphonic acid, HEDP), a process of peptizing of Laponite clay gels takes place. The peptizing process at the molecular level was directly revealed by (31)P and (1)H high-resolution magic-angle sample spinning (HRMAS) NMR spectroscopy. Two NMR spectral components were detected and assigned to free etidronic acid and bound to the Laponite disk edges. Furthermore, with increase of temperature the ratio of bound-to-free etidronic acid increases...
December 21, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926787/comparison-of-the-effects-of-a-balanced-crystalloid-based-and-a-saline-based-tetrastarch-solution-on-canine-whole-blood-coagulation-and-platelet-function
#6
Annina Reuteler, Shannon Axiak-Flammer, Judith Howard, Katja-Nicole Adamik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.42) solution in either a buffered, electrolyte-balanced (HES-BAL), or a saline (HES-SAL) carrier solution on canine platelet function and whole blood coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general anesthesia for arthroscopy or imaging studies. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs received a 15 mL/kg intravenous bolus of HES-SAL (n = 13), HES-BAL (n = 14), or a modified Ringer's solution (n = 10) over 30-40 minutes...
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924343/synthesis-and-formulation-of-functional-bionanomaterials-with-superoxide-dismutase-activity
#7
Marko Pavlovic, Paul Rouster, Istvan Szilagyi
Layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoparticles were prepared and used as solid support for superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzymes. Structural features were studied by XRD, spectroscopic methods (IR, UV-Vis and fluorescence) and TEM, while colloidal stability of the obtained materials was investigated by electrophoresis and light scattering in aqueous dispersions. The SOD quantitatively adsorbed on the LDH by electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions and kept its structural integrity upon immobilization. The composite material showed moderate resistance against salt-induced aggregation in dispersions, therefore, heparin polyelectrolyte was used to improve the colloidal stability of the system...
January 7, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911985/hemorrhagic-hemostatic-and-thromboelastometric-disorders-in-35-dogs-with-a-clinical-diagnosis-of-leptospirosis-a-prospective-study
#8
A Barthélemy, M Magnin, C Pouzot-Nevoret, J-M Bonnet-Garin, M Hugonnard, I Goy-Thollot
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis in dogs is occasionally associated with a hemorrhagic syndrome, the pathophysiology of which is not fully understood. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To characterize hematologic, hemostatic, and thromboelastometric abnormalities in dogs with leptospirosis and to study their association with hemorrhagic diatheses and outcomes. ANIMALS: Thirty-five client-owned dogs. METHODS: A prospective observational single cohort study was conducted...
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861436/the-association-between-cyanosis-and-thromboelastometry-rotem-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Marie-Laure Laskine-Holland, Walter H A Kahr, Lynn Crawford-Lean, Tilman Humpl, Osami Honjo, Celeste Foreman, Mehr Jain, James D O'Leary
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital heart defects (CHD) have quantitative and qualitative differences in coagulation compared with healthy children. Secondary to polycythemia and increased deformability of red blood cells, cyanosis may be an important confounding factor for altered whole-blood coagulation in this population with potential implications for interpreting intraoperative thromboelastometry (TEM) for children with CHD undergoing major surgery. The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the association between cyanosis in children with CHD and measures of whole-blood coagulation determined using TEM (ROTEM [Tem International, GmbH, Munich, Germany])...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788125/high-performance-bio-based-hyperbranched-polyurethane-carbon-dot-silver-nanocomposite-a-rapid-self-expandable-stent
#10
Rituparna Duarah, Yogendra P Singh, Prerak Gupta, Biman B Mandal, Niranjan Karak
Development of a bio-based smart implantable material with multifaceted attributes of high performance, potent biocompatibility and inherent antibacterial property, particularly against drug resistant bacteria, is a challenging task in biomedical domain. Addressing these aspects at the bio-nano interface, we report the in situ fabrication of starch modified hyperbranched polyurethane (HPU) nanocomposites by incorporating different weight percentages of carbon dot-silver nanohybrid during polymerization process...
October 27, 2016: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777113/subsets-of-telocytes-myocardial-telocytes
#11
M C Rusu, S Hostiuc, A D Vrapciu, L Mogoantă, V S Mănoiu, F Grigoriu
Telocytes (TCs) are morphologically defined as small-sized cells with long, thin, moniliform processes called telopodes (Tps). Numerous papers imply that TCs are a distinctive cell type, and that transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is the gold standard tool for their identification. We aimed to reproduce previous studies on myocardial TCs to check their validity. For this purpose we performed an immunohistochemical study on human cardiac samples from six autopsied donor cadavers, using antibodies against CD10, CD31, CD34, CD146, Ki67, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor-alpha (PDGFRα) and laminin...
January 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708458/raft-dispersion-alternating-copolymerization-of-styrene-with-n-phenylmaleimide-morphology-control-and-application-as-an-aqueous-foam-stabilizer
#12
Pengcheng Yang, Oleksandr O Mykhaylyk, Elizabeth R Jones, Steven P Armes
We report a new nonaqueous polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) formulation based on the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) dispersion alternating copolymerization of styrene with N-phenylmaleimide using a nonionic poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) stabilizer in a 50/50 w/w ethanol/methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) mixture. The MEK cosolvent is significantly less toxic than the 1,4-dioxane cosolvent reported previously [Yang P.; Macromolecules2013, 46, 8545-8556]. The core-forming alternating copolymer block has a relatively high glass transition temperature (Tg), which leads to vesicular morphologies being observed during PISA, as well as the more typical sphere and worm phases...
September 27, 2016: Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543347/nano-hydroxyapatite-%C3%AE-cd-chitosan-nanocomposite-for-potential-applications-in-bone-tissue-engineering
#13
Mohammad Shakir, Reshma Jolly, Mohd Shoeb Khan, Ahmar Rauf, Shadab Kazmi
Herein, we report the synthesis of a novel tri-component nanocomposite system incorporating β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) with nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) and chitosan (CS), (n-HA/β-CD/CS) at three different temperatures via co-precipitation method. The chemical interactions and surface morphology have been evaluated by TEM, SEM and AFM techniques revealing the agglomerated nanoparticles in CS/n-HA-HA binary system whereas the ternary systems produced needle shaped nanoparticles dispersed homogeneously at low temperature with more porous and rougher surface...
December 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524091/starch-nanocrystals-based-hydrogel-construction-characterizations-and-transdermal-application
#14
Haja Bava Bakrudeen, C Sudarvizhi, B S R Reddy
Bio-based nanocomposites were prepared using starch nanocrystals obtained by acid hydrolysis of native starches using different acid sources. In recent times, focuses on starch nanocrystals (SNCs) have been increasing in number of research works dedicated to the development of bio-nanocomposites by blending with different biopolymeric matrices. The work mainly deals with the preparation of starch nanocrystals using different native starches by acid hydrolysis using hydrochloric acid and trifluroacetic acid...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514638/structural-and-morphological-peculiarities-of-hybrid-au-nanodiamond-engineered-nanostructures
#15
Roberto Matassa, Silvia Orlanducci, Giacomo Reina, Maria Cristina Cassani, Daniele Passeri, Maria Letizia Terranova, Marco Rossi
Nanostructured Au nano-platelets have been synthesized from an Au(III) complex by growth process triggered by nanodiamond (ND). An electroless synthetic route has been used to obtain 2D Au/ND architectures, where individual nanodiamond particles are intimately embedded into face-centered cubic Au platelets. The combined use of high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED), was able to reveal the unusual organization of these hybrid nanoparticles, ascertaining the existence of preferential crystallographic orientations for both nanocrystalline species and highlighting their mutual locations...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423322/time-dependent-apoptotic-rates-in-the-evolving-coronary-thrombus-mass-of-myocardial-infarction-patients
#16
Carlijn G Maagdenberg, Onno J de Boer, Xiaofei Li, Claire Mackaay, Hans W Niessen, Robbert J de Winter, Allard C Van der Wal
AIM: To study the rate of apoptotic cell death in the process of thrombus evolution after plaque rupture in myocardial infarction. METHODS: Paraffin embedded thrombosuction aspirates of 63 patients were stained with haematoxylin & eosin (H&E) to assess histologically the age of the thrombi: fresh (intact blood cells; <1day old), lytic (necrosis; 1-5days old) or organized (ingrowth of cells; >5days old). Presence of plaque constituents (atheroma including foam cells, cholesterol crystals calcifications and fibrous cap tissue) was also recorded...
September 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337106/hydrogelation-of-the-short-self-assembling-peptide-i3qgk-regulated-by-transglutaminase-and-use-for-rapid-hemostasis
#17
Cuixia Chen, Yu Zhang, Rui Fei, Changhai Cao, Meng Wang, Jingxin Wang, Jingkun Bai, Henry Cox, Thomas Waigh, Jian R Lu, Hai Xu
The self-assembly of short peptides is a promising route to the creation of smart biomaterials. To combine peptide self-assembly with enzymatic catalysis, we design an amphiphilic short peptide I3QGK that can self-assemble into long nanoribbons in aqueous solution. Upon addition of transglutaminase (TGase), the peptide solution undergoes a distinct sol-gel transition to form a rigid hydrogel, which shows strong shear-thinning and immediate recovery properties. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements indicate the occurrence of considerable nanofibers in addition to the original nanoribbons...
July 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314249/enhancing-the-mechanical-properties-of-biodegradable-polymer-blends-using-tubular-nanoparticle-stitching-of-the-interfaces
#18
Yichen Guo, Shan He, Kai Yang, Yuan Xue, Xianghao Zuo, Yingjie Yu, Ying Liu, Chung-Chueh Chang, Miriam H Rafailovich
"Green" polymer nanocomposites were made by melt blending biodegradable poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(butylene adipate-co-butylene terephthalate) (PBAT) with either montmorillonite clays (Cloisite Na(+)), halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), the resorcinol diphenyl phosphate (RDP)-coated Cloisite Na(+), and coated HNTs. A technique for measuring the work of adhesion (Wa) between nanoparticles and their matrixes was used to determine the dispersion preference of the nanoparticles in the PLA/PBAT blend system. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of thin sections indicated that even though both RDP-coated nanotubes and clay platelets segregated to the interfacial regions between the two immiscible polymers, only the platelets, having the larger specific surface area, were able to reduce the PBAT domain sizes...
July 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177197/tspan9-inhibits-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-human-gastric-cancer-sgc7901-cells-via-the-erk1-2-pathway
#19
Pai-Yun Li, Jing Lv, Wei-Wei Qi, Shu-Fen Zhao, Li-Bin Sun, Ning Liu, Jie Sheng, Wen-Sheng Qiu
Tetraspanins are a heterogeneous group of 4-transmembrane proteins that recruit other cell surface receptors and signaling proteins into tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TEMs). TEMs of various types are involved in the regulation of cell growth, migration and invasion of several tumor cell types, both as suppressors or promotors. Tetraspanin 9 (Tspan9, NET-5, PP1057), a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily (TM4SF) of tetraspanins, reportedly regulates platelet function in concert with other platelet tetraspanins and their associated proteins...
July 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160392/synthesis-and-catalytic-application-of-palladium-nanoparticles-supported-on-kaolinite-based-nanohybrid-materials
#20
Gaelle Ngnie, Gustave K Dedzo, Christian Detellier
Palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) were deposited on the surface of the modified clay mineral, kaolinite. To improve compatibility, abundance and control of the size of the nanoparticles, kaolinite was modified by the grafting of an amino alcohol (triethanolamine (TEA)) and an ionic liquid (1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-3-methylimidazolium (ImIL)). Characterization techniques (XRD, TGA, solid state (13)C NMR and FTIR spectroscopy) confirmed the effective grafting of these compounds on the internal surface of kaolinite. After the synthesis of PdNPs onto clay particles, TEM allowed the visualization of abundant PdNPs with sizes ranging from 4 to 6 nm, uniformly distributed onto the platelets of modified kaolinite...
May 31, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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