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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087665/nkg2d-promotes-b1a-cell-development-and-protection-against-bacterial-infection
#1
Maja Lenartić, Vedrana Jelenčić, Biljana Zafirova, Mateja Ožanič, Valentina Marečić, Slaven Jurković, Veronika Sexl, Marina Šantić, Felix M Wensveen, Bojan Polić
NKG2D is a potent activating receptor that is expressed on cytotoxic immune cells such as CD8 T and NK cells, where it promotes cytotoxicity after binding stress ligands on infected or transformed cells. On NK cell precursors NKG2D modulates proliferation and maturation. Previously, we observed that NKG2D deficiency affects peripheral B cell numbers. In this study, we show that NKG2D regulates B1a cell development and function. We find that mice deficient for NKG2D have a strong reduction of B1a cell numbers...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080104/measuring-black-men-s-police-based-discrimination-experiences-development-and-validation-of-the-police-and-law-enforcement-ple-scale
#2
Devin English, Lisa Bowleg, Ana Maria Del Río-González, Jeanne M Tschann, Robert P Agans, David J Malebranche
OBJECTIVES: Although social science research has examined police and law enforcement-perpetrated discrimination against Black men using policing statistics and implicit bias studies, there is little quantitative evidence detailing this phenomenon from the perspective of Black men. Consequently, there is a dearth of research detailing how Black men's perspectives on police and law enforcement-related stress predict negative physiological and psychological health outcomes. This study addresses these gaps with the qualitative development and quantitative test of the Police and Law Enforcement (PLE) Scale...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#3
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941089/evaluation-of-stress-experienced-by-emergency-telecommunications-personnel-employed-in-a-large-metropolitan-police-department
#4
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Sophia J Chung, Amanda A Anderson
Emergency telecommunications personnel (ETCP) form the hub of police agencies and persistently deal with distressing situations on a daily basis, making them highly susceptible to psychological and physiological ailments. To date, few studies have examined the necessity or feasibility of implementing a resilience training intervention for ETCP. In this study, the authors assessed baseline psychological data from the ETCP of a large police department to determine the differences in baseline measures for ETCP and police officers...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903837/the-effect-of-army-vest-design-on-the-occurrence-of-stress-fractures-and-overuse-injuries-in-female-military-recruits
#5
Ezequiel Palmanovich, M Frankl, M Nyska, I Hetsroni, N Constantini, L Trejo, R Bechar, G Novak, Z Lankovsky, G Mann
INTRODUCTION: Stress fractures (SFs) occur when microdamage caused by repetitive mechanical load exceeds the biological load-bearing capacity of the bone. The study objective was to test whether a vest specifically designed and manufactured for female recruits, compared with the standard vest used on a regular basis by Border Police recruits, would reduce the incidence of SF in female Border Police recruits. Data based on reports of military personnel show that women are more likely to sustain SFs...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897380/lived-experience-of-involuntary-transport-under-mental-health-legislation
#6
Joanne Bradbury, Marie Hutchinson, John Hurley, Helen Stasa
Police have historically been responsible for transporting people during a mental health crisis in Australia. A major change to the New South Wales (NSW) Mental Health Act (MHA) in 2007 expanded the range of coercive transportation agencies to include NSW Ambulance (paramedics) and NSW Health (mental health nurses). Anecdotal reports, however, describe a lack of clarity around how these changes should be implemented in practice. This research aims to explore this lack of clarity through qualitative analysis of interviews with people with the lived experience of involuntary transport under the MHA...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894278/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-impaired-fasting-glucose-level-among-members-of-federal-police-commission-residing-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#7
Tariku Tesfaye, Bilal Shikur, Tariku Shimels, Naod Firdu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and factors associated with it, nowadays, are increasing in alarming rates among different occupational groups. Of these occupational groups are Police officers that, often, are exposed to unique life styles and stressful situations which may lead to diabetes mellitus and other cardiovascular diseases. Due to this reason, the present study was conducted to assess the prevalence and factors associated with diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose level among members of federal police commission residing in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 28, 2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884506/family-abduction-in-a-national-sample-of-us-children
#8
David Finkelhor, Megan Henly, Heather Turner, Sherry Hamby
This study examined the prevalence and characteristics of family abduction episodes occurring in a nationally representative sample of US children ages 0-17. It drew on the experiences of 13,052 children and youth from the aggregation of three cross-sectional waves (2008, 2011, and 2014) of the National Surveys of Children Exposed to Violence. The overall prevalence rate was 4.1% for a lifetime and 1.2% for a past year episode. Rates were higher for younger than older children. Parents constituted 90% of the abductors with females outnumbering males 60% to 40%, although men outnumbered women as perpetrators for certain types of abductions...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869465/association-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Erin C McCanlies, Khachatur Sarkisian, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, John M Violanti
Aim: In this study, we evaluated whether peritraumatic dissociation (PD) was associated with symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and whether this association was modified by trauma prior to police work. Method: Symptoms of depression, PTSD, peritraumatic dissociative experience (PDE), and trauma prior to police work were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, PTSD Checklist-Civilian, PDE questionnaire, and the Brief Trauma questionnaire, respectively, in 328 police officers...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861366/increased-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-occupational-stress-in-chinese-policemen-a-4-year-cohort-study
#10
Chen Li, Jing-Jing Xing, An-Qi Shan, Ling Leng, Jin-Chuan Liu, Song Yue, Hao Yu, Xi Chen, Feng-Shi Tian, Nai-Jun Tang
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and occupational stress have been recognized as major public health concerns. We aimed to explore whether occupational stress was associated with NAFLD in a police population.A total of 6559 male police officers were recruited for this prospective study in April 2007. Among them, 2367 eligible subjects participated in follow-up from 2008 to 2011. NAFLD was diagnosed based on standard criteria. Occupational stress was evaluated by Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised scores...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816820/the-impact-of-perceived-intensity-and-frequency-of-police-work-occupational-stressors-on-the-cortisol-awakening-response-car-findings-from-the-bcops-study
#11
John M Violanti, Desta Fekedulegn, Michael E Andrew, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Diane B Miller, Cecil M Burchfiel
Police officers encounter unpredictable, evolving, and escalating stressful demands in their work. Utilizing the Spielberger Police Stress Survey (60-item instrument for assessing specific conditions or events considered to be stressors in police work), the present study examined the association of the top five highly rated and bottom five least rated work stressors among police officers with their awakening cortisol pattern. Participants were police officers enrolled in the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) study (n=338)...
January 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791306/psychological-distress-following-crime-victimization-an-exploratory-study-from-an-agency-perspective
#12
M J J Kunst, N N Koster
Deficits in recognition of suffering play a significant role in the etiology of psychological distress in crime victims. However, given the preliminary status of the literature, it seems necessary to take other factors into account as well. Starting from an agency perspective, this study explored three such factors: negative self-attributions, peritraumatic distress, and early posttraumatic emotions. More specifically, this study explored whether the association between recognition deficits and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms observed in other studies could be replicated and, if so, whether this association was mediated by negative self-attributions and would decrease in strength when taking into account the adverse roles of peritraumatic distress and early posttraumatic emotions...
October 28, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777782/self-resilience-as-a-protective-factor-against-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-police-officers
#13
Jong-Ku Lee, Hyeon-Gyeong Choi, Jae-Yeop Kim, Juhyun Nam, Hee-Tae Kang, Sang-Baek Koh, Sung-Soo Oh
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to check whether self-resilience, one of the characteristics known to affect the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after experiencing traumatic events, could serve as a protective factor for police officers whose occupational factors are corrected. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which 112 male police officers in Gangwon Province participated. They visited the Wonju Severance Christian Hospital Occupational Environment Center for medical check-ups from June to December 2015...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776606/stress-in-spanish-police-force-depending-on-occupational-rank-sex-age-and-work-shift
#14
Lourdes Luceño-Moreno, Yolanda García-Albuerne, Beatriz Talavera-Velasco, Jesús Martín-García
BACKGROUND: In the police force, some variables such as occupational rank, sex, age and work-shift are associated with stress in workers. The aim of this paper was to determine possible differences in the perception of occupational stress at work depending on rank, sex, age and work-shift of police agents in the Community of Madrid, Spain. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 24 municipalities of the Community of Madrid. A total number of 565 police agents participated...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758724/-recognizing-signs-of-sexual-abuse
#15
T A M Teunissen, S H Lo Fong Wong, A L M Lagro-Janssen
Sexual abuse is very common. In the Netherlands 42% of women and 13% of men aged over 25 years have experienced unacceptable sexual behaviour. Most victims do not seek professional help nor do they report the abuse to the police, and most of the victims who do seek medical help do not mention the abuse. Doctors often do not recognize the signs of sexual abuse. Most victims of rape have symptoms that may develop into posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) if they persist for more than 4 weeks, such as sleep problems or panic attacks...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726036/correlates-of-hiv-testing-among-transgender-women-in-ho-chi-minh-vietnam
#16
An Bao, Donn J Colby, Toan Trang, Bao Quoc Le, Thien Duc Dinh, Quan Hoang Nguyen, Huyen Thi Hoang, M Reuel Friedman, Ron Stall
HIV prevalence among transgender women (TW) in Ho Chi Minh City is estimated at 18 %. However, no evidence-based programs or surveillance data exist in Vietnam specific to HIV testing uptake. We examined prevalence and correlates of past-year HIV testing among TW (n = 204) recruited in 2015 via snowball sampling. 59.3 % reported HIV testing in the previous year. In adjusted models, factors positively associated with HIV testing included consistent condom use during sex work with male clients; STI testing in past year; sex with casual partners in the past month; and experiences of police harassment...
December 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614769/intranasal-oxytocin-increases-neural-responses-to-social-reward-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Laura Nawijn, Mirjam van Zuiden, Saskia B J Koch, Jessie L Frijling, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
Therapeutic alliance and perceived social support are important predictors of treatment response for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intranasal oxytocin administration may enhance treatment response by increasing sensitivity for social reward and thereby therapeutic alliance and perceived social support. As a first step to investigate this therapeutical potential, we investigated whether intranasal oxytocin enhances neural sensitivity to social reward in PTSD patients. Male and female police officers with (n=35) and without PTSD (n=37) were included in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over fMRI study...
September 10, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613180/police-recorded-crime-and-perceived-stress-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-diabetes-study-of-northern-california-distance
#18
Aracely Tamayo, Mahasin S Mujahid, Barbara Laraia, E Margaret Warton, Samuel D Blanchard, Maggi Kelly, Howard H Moffet, Nancy Adler, Dean Schillinger, Andrew J Karter
While stress has been linked to poor health outcomes, little is known about the impact of objective measures of neighborhood crime on stress in patients with chronic disease. Using the Kaiser Permanente Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE), we examined associations between police-recorded crime (2005-2007) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale-4) in four large Northern California cities (Oakland, Sacramento, San Francisco, and San Jose). We performed stratified analysis by gender and race/ethnicity using generalized linear regression models...
October 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582482/asthma-among-staten-island-fresh-kills-landfill-and-barge-workers-following-the-september-11-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#19
James E Cone, Sukhminder Osahan, Christine C Ekenga, Sara A Miller-Archie, Steven D Stellman, Monique Fairclough, Stephen M Friedman, Mark R Farfel
BACKGROUND: Although airborne respiratory irritants at the World Trade Center (WTC) site have been associated with asthma among WTC Ground Zero workers, little is known about asthma associated with work at the Staten Island landfill or barges. METHODS: To evaluate the risk of asthma first diagnosed among Staten Island landfill and barge workers, we conducted a survey and multivariable logistic regression analysis regarding the association between Staten Island landfill and barge-related work exposures and the onset of post-9/11 asthma...
September 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578830/living-in-stressful-neighbourhoods-during-pregnancy-an-observational-study-of-crime-rates-and-birth-outcomes
#20
Tom Clemens, Chris Dibben
BACKGROUND: Patterns of adverse birth outcomes vary spatially and there is evidence that this may relate to features of the physical environment such as air pollution. However, other social characteristics of the environment such as levels of crime are relatively understudied. This study examines the association between crime rates and birth weight and prematurity. METHODS: Maternity inpatient data recorded at birth, including residential postcode, was linked to a representative 5% sample of Scottish Census data and small area crime rates from Scottish Police forces...
August 29, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
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