keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Police stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309698/burdens-on-emergency-responders-after-a-terrorist-attack-in-berlin
#1
U Wesemann, P Zimmermann, M Mahnke, O Butler, S Polk, G Willmund
Background: Terrorist attacks induce various responses in emergency responders. Addressing this range of responses in individual workers is of central interest. Aims: To assess the gender- and occupation-specific effects of a terrorist attack, particularly in emergency responders. Methods: This was a pilot study. Emergency responders present during the 2016 terrorist attack at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin were asked to participate. Measures for crisis management had been previously implemented...
December 22, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305526/associations-of-neighbourhood-crime-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-in-chicago-analysis-of-electronic-health-records-from-2009-to-2013
#2
Stephanie L Mayne, Lindsay R Pool, William A Grobman, Kiarri N Kershaw
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcomes are associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among mothers and future health problems of offspring. Neighbourhood crime may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes by increasing chronic stress, yet the association has been relatively understudied. METHODS: Electronic health records from 34 383 singleton births at a single hospital in Chicago (2009-2013) were geocoded and linked to 1-year rates of police-recorded crime at the neighbourhood (Chicago community area) level...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298243/adolescent-coping-strategies-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Allison Cheng, Rita Manfredi, Gia Badolato, Monika Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe coping mechanisms used by adolescents during emergency treatment. METHODS: A convenience sample of adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years) was surveyed in our large (87,000 annual visits) urban academic pediatric emergency department (ED) with an adapted Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences survey. Parents were surveyed about their perceptions of their child's coping mechanisms. Participants were excluded if they were non-English speaking, in police custody, had altered mental status, or were hemodynamically unstable...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294764/when-the-cop-is-the-victim-a-test-of-target-congruence-theory-on-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-experienced-by-police-officers
#4
Egbert Zavala
This study analyzed data from the Police Stress and Domestic Violence in Police Families in Baltimore, Maryland, 1997-1999 ( N = 753) to examine propositions derived from target congruence theory in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization experienced by police officers. Specifically, this study tested the influence of target vulnerability, target gratifiability, and target antagonism on IPV victimization. Results from logistic regression models showed that all three theoretical constructs positively and significantly predicted IPV victimization...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162646/nkg2d-dependent-anti-tumor-effects-of-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-against-glioblastoma
#5
Tobias Weiss, Hannah Schneider, Manuela Silginer, Alexander Steinle, Martin N Pruschy, Bojan Polic, Michael Weller, Patrick Roth
PURPOSE: NKG2D is a potent activating immune cell receptor and glioma cells express the cognate ligands (NKG2DL). These ligands are inducible by cellular stress and temozolomide (TMZ) or irradiation (IR), the standard treatment of glioblastoma, could affect their expression. However, a role of NKG2DL for the efficacy of TMZ and IR has never been addressed. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We assessed the effect of TMZ and IR on NKG2DL in vitro and in vivo in a variety of murine and human glioblastoma models including glioma-initiating cells and a cohort of paired glioblastoma samples from patients before and after therapy...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066612/a-systematic-review-of-health-promotion-intervention-studies-in-the-police-force-study-characteristics-intervention-design-and-impacts-on-health
#6
REVIEW
Freya MacMillan, Diana Karamacoska, Aymen El Masri, Kate A McBride, Genevieve Z Steiner, Amelia Cook, Gregory S Kolt, Nerida Klupp, Emma S George
To systematically review studies of health promotion intervention in the police force. Four databases were searched for articles reporting on prepost single and multigroup studies in police officers and trainees. Data were extracted and bias assessed to evaluate study characteristics, intervention design and the impact of interventions on health. Database searching identified 25 articles reporting on 21 studies relevant to the aims of this review. Few studies (n=3) were of long duration (≥6 months). Nine of 21 studies evaluated structured physical activity and/or diet programmes only, 5 studies used education and behaviour change support-only interventions, 5 combined structured programmes with education and behaviour change support, and 2 studies used computer prompts to minimise sedentary behaviour...
October 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062596/exploring-the-psychological-health-of-emergency-dispatch-centre-operatives-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#7
Sarah E Golding, Claire Horsfield, Annette Davies, Bernadette Egan, Martyn Jones, Mary Raleigh, Patricia Schofield, Allison Squires, Kath Start, Tom Quinn, Mark Cropley
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives. METHODS: Eight electronic databases (Embase, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, PsycArticles, The Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, and Google Scholar) were searched. All study designs were included, and no date limits were set...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061655/public-mental-health-crisis-management-and-section-136-of-the-mental-health-act
#8
Aileen O'Brien, Faisil Sethi, Mark Smith, Annie Bartlett
The interface between mental health services and the criminal justice system presents challenges both for professionals and patients. Both systems are stressed and inherently complex. Section 136 of the Mental Health Act is unusual being both an aspect of the Mental Health Act and a power of arrest. It has a long and controversial history related to concerns about who has been detained and how the section was applied. More recently, Section 136 has had a public profile stemming from the use of police cells as places of safety for young, mentally disturbed individuals...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043482/assessing-the-role-of-gambling-on-problematic-alcohol-consumption-by-police-officers
#9
Egbert Zavala
While a number of studies have attributed critical incident stressors to alcohol abuse among police officers, no study has examined the role gambling, if any, plays on problematic alcohol consumption. Therefore, data from the Police Stress and Domestic Violence in Police Families in Baltimore, Maryland, 1997-1999 are analyzed to test the influence of gambling on problematic alcohol consumption engaged by police officers. Results indicated that gambling is significant in predicting problematic alcohol consumption...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037115/low-subjective-social-status-in-the-police-is-linked-to-health-relevant-changes-in-diurnal-salivary-alpha-amylase-activity-in-swiss-police-officers
#10
Stéphanie Habersaat, Sid Abdellaoui, Ashley M Geiger, Sébastien Urben, Jutta M Wolf
The objective of this study was to assess basal autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity as a pathway linking subjective social status to health in a high-demand work environment. It was hypothesized that officers with a lower status experienced more chronic stress (higher basal ANS activity) and that chronic stress was related to more health problems. Fifty-six male and female Swiss police officers self-reported on subjective social status (country, community, friends, police) and their health (depression, post-traumatic stress, physical symptoms) and collected 12 saliva samples over two days for basal α-amylase activation (sAA) assessment...
October 16, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021415/cerebrovascular-cardiovascular-diseases-and-mental-disorders-due-to-overwork-and-work-related-stress-among-local-public-employees-in-japan
#11
Takashi Yamauchi, Toru Yoshikawa, Takeshi Sasaki, Shun Matsumoto, Masaya Takahashi, Machi Suka, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
In Japan, overwork-related disorders occur among local public employees as well as those in private businesses. However, to date, there are no studies reporting the state of compensation for cerebrovascular/cardiovascular diseases (CCVD) and mental disorders due to overwork or work-related stress among local public employees in Japan over multiple years. This report examined the recent trend of overwork-related CCVD and mental disorders, including the incidence rates of these disorders, among local public employees in Japan from the perspective of compensation for public accidents, using data from the Japanese Government and relevant organizations...
October 11, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016896/poor-working-conditions-and-work-stress-among-canadian-sex-workers
#12
P Duff, J Sou, J Chapman, S Dobrer, M Braschel, S Goldenberg, K Shannon
Background: While sex work is often considered the world's oldest profession, there remains a dearth of research on work stress among sex workers (SWs) in occupational health epidemiological literature. A better understanding of the drivers of work stress among SWs is needed to inform sex work policy, workplace models and standards. Aims: To examine the factors that influence work stress among SWs in Metro Vancouver. Methods: Analyses drew from a longitudinal cohort of SWs, known as An Evaluation of Sex Workers' Health Access (AESHA) (2010-14)...
August 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981313/work-related-trauma-alienation-and-posttraumatic-and-depressive-symptoms-in-medical-examiner-employees
#13
Elizabeth Brondolo, Pegah Eftekharzadeh, Christine Clifton, Joseph E Schwartz, Douglas Delahanty
OBJECTIVE: First-responder employees, including firefighters, police, and medical examiners, are at risk for the development of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of exposure to workplace trauma. However, pathways linking workplace trauma exposure to mental health symptoms are not well understood. In the context of social-cognitive models of depression/PTSD, we examined the role of negative cognitions as mediators of the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationship of workplace trauma exposure to symptoms of depression/PTSD in medical examiner (ME) employees...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953073/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-fatigue-management-training-to-improve-police-sleep-health-and-wellness-a-pilot-study
#14
Lois James, Charles H Samuels, Fiona Vincent
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention for improving sleep health in a sample of employees from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). METHODS: Using a pre- and post-design we exposed 61 RCMP members to a fatigue-management training program. Pre- and post-intervention surveys included the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) instrument, and the six item index of psychological distress (Symptom Checklist-90)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948699/screening-for-trauma-related-symptoms-via-a-smartphone-app-the-validity-of-smart-assessment-on-your-mobile-in-referred-police-officers
#15
Christianne A I van der Meer, Anne Bakker, Bart A L Schrieken, Marthe C Hoofwijk, Miranda Olff
To facilitate easily accessible screening for trauma-related symptoms, a web-based application called Smart Assessment on your Mobile (SAM) was developed. In this study, we examined whether SAM was able to accurately identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in adults. Eighty-nine referred police officers completed SAM, containing the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5 (PCL-5) and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), on their own device prior to a diagnostic interview where the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I/P) were administered...
September 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912742/perception-action-and-cognition-of-football-referees-in-extreme-temperatures-impact-on-decision-performance
#16
Nadia Gaoua, Rita F de Oliveira, Steve Hunter
Different professional domains require high levels of physical performance alongside fast and accurate decision-making. Construction workers, police officers, firefighters, elite sports men and women, the military and emergency medical professionals are often exposed to hostile environments with limited options for behavioral coping strategies. In this (mini) review we use football refereeing as an example to discuss the combined effect of intense physical activity and extreme temperatures on decision-making and suggest an explicative model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886395/individual-peer-and-family-factor-modification-of-neighborhood-level-effects-on-adolescent-alcohol-cigarette-e-cigarette-and-marijuana-use
#17
Regina A Shih, Layla Parast, Eric R Pedersen, Wendy M Troxel, Joan S Tucker, Jeremy N V Miles, Lisa Kraus, Elizabeth J D'Amico
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood factors reported subjectively by residents and measured objectively at the census tract are both associated with adolescent alcohol, tobacco (cigarette and electronic cigarette), and other drug (marijuana) (ATOD) use. Less clear is how these neighborhood factors are longitudinally associated with each substance. Equivocal findings may be due to lack of consideration of individual, peer, and family effect modifiers, which could help adolescents overcome exposure to stressful neighborhood environments...
November 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881256/structural-brain-correlates-of-resilience-to-traumatic-stress-in-dutch-police-officers
#18
Steven J A van der Werff, Bernet M Elzinga, Annika S Smit, Nic J A van der Wee
OBJECTIVE: Neurobiological research has traditionally focused on vulnerability rather than on resilience to severe stress. So far, only a few neuroimaging studies examining resilience have used designs that allow disentangling of the neural correlates of resilience from those related to psychopathology or trauma-exposure. The aim of this study was to identify structural brain correlates of resilience, and their correlations with behavioral measures. METHOD: MRI scanning was performed in three groups of police officers: (1) a resilient group (N=29; trauma-exposed, no psychopathology), (2) a vulnerable group (N=33; trauma-exposed, psychopathology), and (3) a control group (N=19; no trauma, no psychopathology)...
August 26, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820229/resilience-mediates-the-relationship-between-social-support-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-police-officers
#19
Erin C McCanlies, Ja Kook Gu, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, John M Violanti
OBJECTIVE: Police officers in the New Orleans geographic area faced a number of challenges following Hurricane Katrina in 2005. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study examined gratitude, resilience, and satisfaction with life as mediators in the association between social support and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in 82 male and 31 female police officers. The Gratitude Questionnaire, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List were used to measure gratitude, resilience, satisfaction with life, and social support, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#20
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
keyword
keyword
13761
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"