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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514026/gambling-with-life-masculinity-risk-and-danger-in-the-lives-of-unauthorized-migrant-roofers
#1
Sergio Chávez, Claire E Altman
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational experiences of unauthorized immigrants employed in one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States: roofing. METHODS: We draw on 40 in-depth interviews with return migrants in Guanajuato, Mexico, to examine how the adoption of masculinity, dangerous working conditions, the labor market structure, and absence of legal status exacerbates injuries for unauthorized roofers. FINDINGS: Undocumented men return to Mexico injured with chronic pain, health complications, and trauma...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488901/association-of-shiftwork-and-immune-cells-among-police-officers-from-the-buffalo-cardio-metabolic-occupational-police-stress-study
#2
Michael D Wirth, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, James B Burch, Desta Fekedulegn, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, John M Violanti
Shift workers suffer from a constellation of symptoms associated with disruption of circadian rhythms including sleep abnormalities, and abnormal hormone secretion (e.g. melatonin, cortisol). Recent, but limited, evidence suggests that shift workers have elevated levels of circulating white blood cells (WBCs) compared to their day working counterparts. Interestingly, recent reviews highlight the strong linkage between the immune system and circadian rhythms which includes, but is not limited to, circulating cell populations and functions...
May 10, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463528/understanding-the-context-of-alcohol-impaired-driving-for-fatal-crash-involved-drivers-a-descriptive-case-analysis
#3
Lisa Wundersitz, Simon Raftery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social context and circumstances surrounding alcohol impaired driving prior to fatal crash involvement for drivers with an illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC ≥0.05g/100 ml or 0.00g/100 ml for restricted licence holders). METHODS: Coroner's case reports investigating fatal crashes in South Australia over a three year period (2008-2010) were examined. The personal and crash characteristics of drivers with an illegal BAC were compared with those who had a legal BAC...
May 2, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459267/trauma-and-ptss-of-zimbabwean-refugees-in-south-africa-a-summary-of-published-studies
#4
Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This paper is a report of 4 published papers on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)/posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and traumas experienced by homeless Zimbabwean refugees living in South Africa. The general purpose of the papers was to explore how pre- and postmigration difficulties predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder; to understand gender differences in PTSS/PTSD reports using quantitative and qualitative approaches; and finally, to understand the nature of abuses, perpetrators, and sex of perpetrators...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452713/decreased-uncinate-fasciculus-tract-integrity-in-male-and-female-patients-with-ptsd-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#5
Saskia B J Koch, Mirjam van Zuiden, Laura Nawijn, Jessie L Frijling, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling psychiatric disorder that has been associated with lower white matter integrity of tracts connecting the prefrontal cortex with limbic regions. However, previous diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) findings have been inconsistent, showing high variability in the exact location and direction of effects. METHODS: We performed probabilistic tractography of the bilateral uncinate fasciculus, cingulum and superior longitudinal fasciculus (both temporal and parietal projections) in male and female police officers with and without PTSD...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443994/relationship-between-psychosocial-stress-dimensions-and-salivary-cortisol-in-military-police-officers
#6
Juliana Petri Tavares, Liana Lautert, Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angélica Rosat Consiglio, Daiane Dal Pai
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the relationship between psychosocial stress dimensions and salivary cortisol in military police officers. METHOD: cross-sectional and analytical study with 134 military police officers. The Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) Model scale has been used to assess psychosocial stress. Salivary cortisol was collected in three samples. The following tests were used: Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney, ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn. Pearson and Spearman correlation methods were used, as well as multiple linear regression...
April 20, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439149/refinement-and-preliminary-testing-of-an-imagery-based-program-to-improve-coping-and-performance-and-prevent-trauma-among-urban-police-officers
#7
Eamonn Arble, Mark A Lumley, Nnamdi Pole, James Blessman, Bengt B Arnetz
Police officers are regularly exposed to traumatic critical incidents. The substantial mental, behavioral, and social costs of police trauma indicate a substantial need for prevention. We have refined and enhanced a previously tested Swedish program to the harsh conditions of U.S. inner cities. The program was designed to strengthen resilience during stressful encounters and teach methods of coping after exposure, thereby preventing the emergence of maladaptive symptoms and behaviors with adverse effects on professionalism...
March 2017: J Police Crim Psychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434182/recent-trends-in-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-police-detainees-in-new-zealand-2010-2015
#8
Chris Wilkins, Jitesh Prasad, Karl Parker, Marta Rychert, Helen Moewaka Barnes
BACKGROUND: New Zealand has unusual patterns of recreational substance use by international standards including low levels of cocaine and heroin use, and high methamphetamine use. AIMS: This paper examines recent trends in alcohol and other drug use among police detainees in New Zealand over the past six years. METHOD: The paper utilises data from the New Zealand Arrestee Drug Use Monitoring (NZ-ADUM) study. NZ-ADUM interviewed approximately 800 police detainees each year at four central city police watch houses (i...
April 23, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428501/job-stress-and-behavioral-characteristics-in-relation-to-coronary-heart-disease-risk-among-japanese-police-officers
#9
Maki Shiozaki, Nobuyuki Miyai, Ikuharu Morioka, Miyoko Utsumi, Sonomi Hattori, Hiroaki Koike, Mikio Arita, Kazuhisa Miyashita
This study examined the association between job-related behavioral characteristics and the risk of coronary heart diseases (CHD) in Japanese male police officers. Compared to office clerks, police officers exhibited greater age-related increases of the prevalence of CHD risk factors, and a clustering number of CHD risk factors was significantly higher in the group of those over 45 years of age. Among the police officers, coronary-prone behavior was more frequent than that seen in office clerks. The police officers with coronary-prone behavior tended to engage in shift work and to work overtime more; yet they were less likely to perceive job stress and to express the relevant physical and psychological symptoms than those without coronary-prone behavior...
April 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414183/nkg2d-a-versatile-player-in-the-immune-system
#10
REVIEW
Vedrana Jelenčić, Maja Lenartić, Felix M Wensveen, Bojan Polić
NKG2D is known as a potent activating receptor of the immune system. It is expressed on a multitude of immune cells, including NK cells and different subsets of T cells. NKG2D recognizes various MHC I-like ligands that are induced on target cells exposed to stressors such as viral infection, DNA damage and oncological transformation. NKG2D drives or facilitates cytotoxic and cytokine responses towards cells expressing its ligands to eliminate the threat. Therefore, NKG2D is usually classified as a sensor that translates cellular stress into activation signals for immune cells...
April 13, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383621/-violence-on-health-care-workers
#11
M Cannavò, N Fusaro, F Colaiuda, G Rescigno, M Fioravanti
OBJECTIVES: The Emergency Department (ED) is vulnerable for workplace violence, but little is known about this and its consequences. Objectives of this study were presence, characteristics and effects of violence from patients and visitors on health care workers in an Emergency Department (ED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was about the Accident and Emergency Department, S. Pertini Hospital, (ASL RMB, Rome, Italy). Data were collected from November 2014 to January 2015 on frequency and type of violent behavior in the past five years experienced by staff members and their level of stress by an ad hoc questionnaire for the evaluation of violent events in health activities (QVS) and a questionnaire on perceived work-related stress (QES)...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359165/testing-a-resilience-training-program-in-police-recruits
#12
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Nicole L Bohr, Amanda A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Stress from multiple sources is inherent in law enforcement. However, it is possible to modify responses to stress with resilience training that includes teaching techniques to modify emotional and physical responses to stress, interface with mental health professionals, and practice sessions to improve self-regulation of responses to stress including coherence, a measure of heart rate variability. A gap exists in the research, however, regarding evaluation of the duration of effects after the initial resilience training...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348911/a-case-of-persistent-generalized-retrograde-autobiographical-amnesia-subsequent-to-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-in-2011
#13
Yuji Odagaki
Functional retrograde autobiographical amnesia is often associated with physical and/or psychological trauma. On 11 March 2011, the largest earthquake on record in Japan took place, and subsequent huge tsunami devastated the Pacific coast of northern Japan. This case report describes a patient suffering from retrograde episodic-autobiographical amnesia for whole life, persisting for even more than five years after the disaster. A Japanese man, presumably in his 40s, got police protection in April 2016 but was unable to respond to question about his own name...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325062/personal-experiences-of-the-criminal-justice-system-by-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#14
Sissel Berge Helverschou, Kari Steindal, Jim Aage Nøttestad, Patricia Howlin
The processes of arrest, investigation, trial and imprisonment are often extremely difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. In this study, nine offenders with autism spectrum disorders were interviewed about the circumstance surrounding the criminal acts, their views of the arrest, the police interrogation, the trial and the defence and their experiences of being in prison and/or life following the offence. The nine individuals described a range of different and often negative experiences with the Criminal Justice System...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323470/police-brutality-and-black-health-setting-the-agenda-for-public-health-scholars
#15
Sirry Alang, Donna McAlpine, Ellen McCreedy, Rachel Hardeman
We investigated links between police brutality and poor health outcomes among Blacks and identified five intersecting pathways: (1) fatal injuries that increase population-specific mortality rates; (2) adverse physiological responses that increase morbidity; (3) racist public reactions that cause stress; (4) arrests, incarcerations, and legal, medical, and funeral bills that cause financial strain; and (5) integrated oppressive structures that cause systematic disempowerment. Public health scholars should champion efforts to implement surveillance of police brutality and press funders to support research to understand the experiences of people faced with police brutality...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314707/biometrics-and-policing-a-protocol-for-multichannel-sensor-data-collection-and-exploratory-analysis-of-contextualized-psychophysiological-response-during-law-enforcement-operations
#16
Robert D Furberg, Travis Taniguchi, Brian Aagaard, Alexa M Ortiz, Meghan Hegarty-Craver, Kristin H Gilchrist, Ty A Ridenour
BACKGROUND: Stress experienced by law enforcement officers is often extreme and is in many ways unique among professions. Although past research on officer stress is informative, it is limited, and most studies measure stress using self-report questionnaires or observational studies that have limited generalizability. We know of no research studies that have attempted to track direct physiological stress responses in high fidelity, especially within an operational police setting. The outcome of this project will have an impact on both practitioners and policing researchers...
March 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295842/police-work-stressors-and-cardiac-vagal-control
#17
Michael E Andrew, John M Violanti, Ja K Gu, Desta Fekedulegn, Shengqiao Li, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Anna Mnatsakanova, Diane B Miller, Cecil M Burchfiel
OBJECTIVES: This study examines relationships between the frequency and intensity of police work stressors and cardiac vagal control, estimated using the high frequency component of heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 360 officers from the Buffalo New York Police Department. Police stress was measured using the Spielberger police stress survey, which includes exposure indices created as the product of the self-evaluation of how stressful certain events were and the self-reported frequency with which they occurred...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283944/anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#18
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryan
The widely publicized violent encounters between police and African American youth have unknown consequences for the emotional and mental health of pregnant African American women. Since studies document the hypervigilance black mothers exert to protect children from violence and racism and findings also reveal the association between racial and gendered stress (which includes parenting stressors) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, an examination of the effects of stress from anticipated negative experiences between black youth and police on maternal mental health is warranted...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262653/-factors-influencing-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-crime-scene-investigators
#19
Seon Mi Nho, Eun A Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to verify the relationships among social support, resilience and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and especially to identify factors influencing PTSD in police crime scene investigators. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 226 police crime scene investigators from 7 Metropolitan Police Agencies. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires during July and August, 2015. Data were analyzed using t-test, χ²-test, Fisher's exact test, and binary logistic regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 21...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260848/highly-rated-and-most-frequent-stressors-among-police-officers-gender-differences
#20
John M Violanti, Desta Fekedulegn, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Michael E Andrew, Claudia C Ma, Cecil M Burchfiel
This descriptive study examined the top five most frequent and highly rated occupational stressors from the Spielberger Police Stress Survey among 365 police officers enrolled in the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) Study (2004-2009). Prevalence, frequency, and rating of stressors were compared across gender. Poisson regression was used to estimate the prevalence and prevalence ratio (PR) of events. Analysis of variance was used to compare mean frequency of occurrence and mean stress ratings by gender...
December 2016: American Journal of Criminal Justice: AJCJ
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