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Na Huang, Fanpu Ji, Shu Zhang, Yansong Pu, An Jiang, Rui Zhou, Yuanyuan Ji, Wei Wei, Jun Yang, Zongfang Li
Emerging evidences showed the promoting role of spleen in the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, in the context of portal hypertension and hypersplenism due to hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis. In this study, we tried to explore the precise mechanism of how spleen regulates this process from the serum cytokines profile level. Compared with the 16 healthy subjects, the RayBio Human Cytokine Antibody Array identified 136 cytokines differentially expressed in 36 cirrhotic patients. Splenectomy resulted in significant changes in 28 cytokines...
March 22, 2018: Viral Immunology
Deng Xiang, Jiannan He, Zimeng Fan, Fangfang Xiong, Gang Liu, Sufen Chen, Wu Wen, Jianfeng Li, Junhua Ai, Renhua Wan, Gongxian Wang, Jun Shi
RATIONALE: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare anatomical variation of the internal organs, and solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) is a rare tissue type of pancreatic tumors, classified as benign or low-grade malignancy. However, to our knowledge, a patient with SIT and SPTP is extremely rare and has never been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: We retrospectively analyzed a case of SIT with SPTP in a 45-year-old woman. The main complaints were abdominal pain and sensation of heaviness for 2 weeks...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Raja Muhammad Rashid, Zahid Nabi, Ahmad Zaki Ansari, Quratul-Ain Qaiser
BACKGROUND: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is primarily characterized by immune-mediated destruction of platelets in circulation. Major treatment options range from careful observation, steroids, immunosuppressive medications, immunoglobulins to splenectomy. Interestingly and rarely, ITP has also been reported after solid organ transplantation in patients receiving immunosuppressive medications. While the incidence of new onset ITP after solid organ transplant is comparatively well documented, new onset ITP after renal transplant has only been reported in two patients...
March 20, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Rachael F Grace, Paola Bianchi, Eduard J van Beers, Stefan W Eber, Bertil Glader, Hassan M Yaish, Jenny M Despotovic, Jennifer A Rothman, Mukta Sharma, Melissa M McNaull, Elisa Fermo, Kimberly Lezon-Geyda, D Holmes Morton, Ellis J Neufeld, Satheesh Chonat, Nina Kollmar, Christine M Knoll, Kevin Kuo, Janet L Kwiatkowski, Dagmar Pospíŝilová, Yves D Pastore, Alexis A Thompson, Peter E Newburger, Yaddanapudi Ravindranath, Winfred C Wang, Marcin W Wlodarski, Heng Wang, Susanne Holzhauer, Vicky R Breakey, Joachim Kunz, Sujit Sheth, Melissa J Rose, Heather A Bradeen, Nolan Neu, Dongjing Guo, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Wendy B London, Patrick G Gallagher, Alberto Zanella, Wilma Barcellini
An international, multicenter registry was established to collect retrospective and prospective clinical data on patients with pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency, the most common glycolytic defect causing congenital non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia. Medical history and laboratory and radiologic data were retrospectively collected at enrollment in 254 patients with molecularly confirmed PK deficiency. Perinatal complications were common, including anemia requiring transfusions, hyperbilirubinemia, hydrops, and prematurity...
March 16, 2018: Blood
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Blood
Jungeun Yu, Stefano Zanotti, Lauren Schilling, Chris Schoenherr, Aris Economides, Archana Sanjay, Ernesto Canalis
Mice harboring Notch2 mutations replicating Hajdu Cheney syndrome (Notch2tm1.1ECan ) have osteopenia and exhibit an increase in splenic marginal zone B cells with a decrease in follicular B cells. Whether the altered B-cell allocation is responsible for the osteopenia of Notch2tm1.1ECan mutants is unknown. To determine the effect of NOTCH2 activation in B cells on splenic B-cell allocation and skeletal phenotype, a conditional by inversion (COIN) Hajdu Cheney syndrome allele of Notch2 (Notch2[ΔPEST]COIN ) was used...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Dezső Kelemen, Zoltán Lőcsei, Róbert Papp, Sándor Ferencz, András Vereczkei
CASE PRESENTATION: After neoadjuvant oncological therapy the surgical treatment of distal pancreatic tumour - infiltrating the celiac axis and the stomach - was reported. During the operation resection of the trunc, distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy, total gastrectomy, resection of the left adrenal gland and cholecystectomy were carried out. The patient's clinical course was uneventful, only transient alteration of liver functions was detected. Histological work-up revealed R1 resection, so adjuvant oncological therapy was decided...
March 2018: Magyar Sebészet
Yu Iwashita, Shigeo Negi, Yuko Iwashita, Masaki Higashiura, Yusuke Shigi, Shintaro Yamanaka, Masaki Ohya, Toru Mima, Takashi Shigematsu
Renocolic fistula is rare. Renal cyst infection is a serious complication in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). We present a case of refractory renal cyst infection due to renocolic fistula in a patient with ADPKD. A 65-year-old man with ADPKD on hemodialysis visited our hospital with complaints of fever and left abdominal pain. We diagnosed renal cyst infection with abdominal computed tomography scans. After hospitalization, gas shadow was observed in the left renal cyst. Percutaneous puncture of the cyst was performed...
March 14, 2018: CEN Case Reports
Tan Ming Ngan Aloysius, Vishalkumar G Shelat
Gestational choriocarcinoma is a rare and aggressive type of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, which is characterized by early vascular invasion and widespread metastases. Choriocarcinoma metastasizes hematogenously, and bleeding from metastases is common. Splenic rupture from a metastatic tumour is exceedingly rare, with only a few reports. We report a case of a 41-year-old female presenting with acute abdomen and haemorrhagic shock secondary to splenic rupture from metastatic choriocarcinoma, which was managed with emergency laparoscopic splenectomy...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Honar Cherif, Andreas Greinacher, Norbert Lubenow
We report on a patient with inherited macrothrombocytopenia, MYH9 related disease (MYH9-RD). The patient was wrongly diagnosed and repeatedly treated for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) for nearly 50 years. Cases of misdiagnosed MYH9-RD and other hereditary thrombocytopenias have been described previously. Typical clinical features such as renal failure and/or progressive loss of hearing should give grounds to suspect hereditary thrombocytopenia. Initial laboratory diagnosis can start with a simple blood smear followed by immunohistochemistry and genotyping...
March 13, 2018: Läkartidningen
Umut Gazi, Djursun Karasartova, Ibrahim Tayfun Sahiner, Ayse Semra Gureser, Ozgur Tosun, Mehmet Kursat Derici, Mete Dolapci, Aysegul Taylan Ozkan
AIM: Splenectomised patients are associated with lifelong risk of fatal overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI), which is mostly caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. Today OPSI cases can still be reported even in patients with appropriate vaccination. In our study, the levels of vaccine-specific memory B- and T cells were compared between control and splenectomised patients to enlighten the underlying reason. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five healthy and 14 post-traumatic splenectomised individuals were vaccinated with 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-13) followed by 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV-23)...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Guoqing Jiang, Dousheng Bai, Ping Chen, Jianjun Qian, Shengjie Jin
BACKGROUND: Liver resection was not formerly recommended in patients with both hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal hypertension because of difficult perioperative bleeding control and postoperative liver failure. Splenectomy is a proven method with which to overcome these problems. To investigate the safety and feasibility of synchronous laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection with hepatectomy (LSDH) for treatment of portal hypertension accompanied with HCC, we describe a clinical cohort of 10 patients who underwent a new technique of synchronous LSDH...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
C Viana, H Cristino, C Veiga, P Leão
INTRODUCTION: Wandering spleen is an unusual condition characterized by hypermobility of the spleen. This is a rare clinical entity and it's more common in childhood under 1 year of age and in third decade of life. In this second peak, it's more frequent in females. Clinical manifestations can vary from asymptomatic to abdominal emergency. Treatment is often surgical. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We presented a case report of splenic torsion from our hospital and a review of cases described in literature...
February 25, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Andrew A Gumbs, Despoina Daskalaki, Luca Milone
Although minimally invasive pancreatectomy has been performed increasingly for pancreatic malignancies, many authors feel that a history of pancreatitis is a contraindication to either laparoscopic or robotic-assisted pancreatectomy. Shown here is a video (Supplemental Digital Content 1, of a laparoscopic total pancreatectomy with splenectomy for chronic pancreatitis. This patient was denied auto-islet cell transplantation because of insurance restraints. In total, 4 laparoscopic total pancreatectomies have been attempted and completed...
March 8, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Michael R Freund, Petachia Reissman, Ari Zimran, Joseph Alberton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to demonstrate that Gaucher disease (GD) patients with refractory hypersplenism and massive splenomegaly may successfully undergo hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy (HALS). METHODS: This was a retrospective audit conducted at the Gaucher clinic at a national referral center over a 10-year period. PATIENT POPULATION: This study included 8 GD patients who underwent hand-assisted or conventional laparoscopic splenectomy for massive or complicated splenomegaly between the years 2007 and 2017...
March 7, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Wanan Xiao, Xiaoxiao Yang, Yang Wang, Jianjun Li
BACKGROUND: Abdominal injuries combined with bone fractures are increasing. Splenectomies are often required, but have prolonged healing time for bone fracture. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the molecular mechanism for splenectomy delaying fracture healing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients (42 received splenectomy) who received hip fractures operations were recruited in our hospital. One-year follow-up analysis was performed...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Stojan Potrc, Arpad Ivanecz, Bojan Krebs, Urska Marolt, Bojan Iljevec, Tomaz Jagric
Background: Adenocarcinomas at the cardia are biologically aggressive tumors with poor long-term survival following curative resection. For resectable adenocarcinoma of the cardia, mostly esophagus extended total gastrectomy or esophagus extended proximal gastric resection is performed; however, the surgical approach, transhiatal or transthoracic, is still under discussion. Postoperative morbidity, mortality and long-term survival were analyzed to evaluate the potential differences in clinically relevant outcomes...
March 2018: Radiology and Oncology
Alzira Maria de Castro Barbosa, Rosangela Albuquerque Ribeiro, Cícero Ígor Simões Moura Silva, Francisco Will Saraiva Cruz, Orleancio Gomes Ripardo de Azevedo, Maria Helena da Silva Pitombeira, Lucia Libanez Campelo Braga
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that platelet counts in Helicobacter pylori-positive patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura improved significantly after successful eradication of the infection. However, depending of the geographical region of the study the results have been highly divergent. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of H. pylori eradication therapy on platelet count in a cohort of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura patients from northeastern Brazil...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Chao He, Xiaojuan Liu, Wei Peng, Chuan Li, Tian-Fu Wen
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous splenectomy during liver transplantation (LT) is debated. The present meta-analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of splenectomy on the outcome of LT patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Wanfang databases for relevant studies published until the date of July 15, 2017. Quality assessment of the included studies was performed using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale judgment. The data were analyzed using RevMan5.3 software...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ferania Mella, Yasuhiro Yamashiro, Chris Adhiyanto, Tatehiko Tanaka, Takenori Nitta, Yuki Amao, Masafumi Kimoto
We report a new hemoglobin (Hb) variant, Hb Hachioji (HBB: c.187C>T), which was detected in a 32-year-old male with hemolytic anemia. The proband had undergone splenectomy in his childhood after being diagnosed with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) with no clinical improvement. A recent study showed that Heinz bodies were frequently observed in his red cells, however, no abnormal band was separated by isoelectric focusing (IEF), and the isopropanol (instability) test was negative. Direct sequencing revealed that the proband was a heterozygous carrier of a novel mutation (GCT>GTT) at codon 62 of the β-globin gene, leading to an alanine to valine substitution...
March 7, 2018: Hemoglobin
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