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Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105552/differentiating-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-risky-drinking-a-role-for-outcome-expectancies-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#1
Penelope Hasking
Social cognitive theory articulates a role for two key thought processes in governing volitional behaviour: outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies. These cognitions are behaviour-specific, and should thus differentiate people who engage in one behaviour over another. This paper presents the results of a study applying social cognitive theory to explore how outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies differentially relate to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and risky alcohol use amongst a sample of young adults...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065425/clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-self-inflicted-burns
#2
P A Cornet, A S Niemeijer, G D Figaroa, M A van Daalen, T W Broersma, M E van Baar, G I J M Beerthuizen, M K Nieuwenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with self-inflicted burns (SIB) are thought to have a longer length of stay compared to patients with accidental burns. However, other predictors for a longer length of stay are often not taken into account, e.g. percentage of the body surface area burned, age or comorbidities. Therefore, we wanted to study the outcome of patients with SIB at our burn center. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted. All adult patients with acute burns admitted to the burn center of the Martini Hospital Groningen, between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 were included...
January 5, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040576/a-short-term-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relations-between-depression-anhedonia-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-adults-with-a-history-of-self-injury
#3
Melissa J Zielinski, Jennifer C Veilleux, E Samuel Winer, Michael R Nadorff
BACKGROUND: Limited research has addressed the role of anhedonia in predicting suicidality and/or nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adults, despite evidence suggesting that loss of interest or pleasure may increase vulnerability for self-inflicted harm, even beyond other depressive symptoms. METHODS: In the current study, we explored the role of symptoms of depression and recent changes in anhedonia in predicting suicidality, NSSI ideation, and perceptions of NSSI helpfulness among individuals with a history of NSSI or suicide attempts (N=187)...
December 7, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995358/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-affective-and-interpersonal-instability-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#4
Philip S Santangelo, Julian Koenig, Vera Funke, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Michael Kaess
Affective and interpersonal instability, both core features of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), have been suggested to underlie non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is the method of choice when investigating dynamic processes. Previously no study addressed affective and interpersonal instability in daily life of adolescents engaging in NSSI. Female adolescents with NSSI (n = 26) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 20) carried e-diaries on 2 consecutive weekends and were prompted in hourly intervals to rate their momentary affective state and feelings of attachment towards their mother and best friend...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835855/cross-sectional-and-temporal-association-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-ideation-in-young-adults-the-explanatory-roles-of-thwarted-belongingness-and-perceived-burdensomeness
#5
Carol Chu, Megan L Rogers, Thomas E Joiner
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a strong predictor of suicidal ideation and attempts. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, preliminary evidence suggests that NSSI is associated with higher levels of perceived burdensomeness (PB) and thwarted belongingness (TB). However, no study to date has examined the cross-sectional and prospective relationships between NSSI, TB, PB, and suicidal ideation (SI). To fill this gap, this study examined the mediating role of TB and PB in the relationship between NSSI and SI at baseline and follow-up...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814456/the-role-of-parental-psychopathology-and-personality-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#6
Molly A Gromatsky, Monika A Waszczuk, Greg Perlman, Katie Lee Salis, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), a significant risk factor for suicidal behavior, is strongly associated with adolescent psychopathology and personality traits, particularly those characterized by poor self-regulation. Some parental psychopathology and personality traits have also been identified as risk factors for adolescent NSSI, but specific parental characteristics and mechanisms involved in this association have not been systematically examined. The current study comprehensively investigated the contribution of parental psychopathology and personality to adolescent NSSI using data from the baseline wave of the Adolescent Development of Emotion and Personality Traits (ADEPT) study of 550 adolescent girls (mean age = 14...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760537/the-prevalence-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-german-population
#7
Paul L Plener, Marc Allroggen, Nestor D Kapusta, Elmar Brähler, Jörg M Fegert, Rebecca C Groschwitz
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a proposed new "condition for further study" in the DSM-5. To date no prevalence data has been available on this diagnostic entity from a representative sample of the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population (N = 2509, mean age = 48.8 years, SD = 18.1, female 55.4 %) completed the NSSI section of the German version of the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI-G)...
October 19, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682567/non-suicidal-self-injury-clinical-presentation-assessment-and-management
#8
Katie Dhingra, Parveen Ali
Non-suicidal self-injury is a common behaviour in adolescents and young adults, and may be associated with mental health disorders, risk of suicidal behaviour (ideation and attempts), and a need for clinical services. Nurses, in particular those working in emergency departments and mental health settings, have a crucial role in the assessment, treatment and care of individuals who have self-injured. It is essential for nurses to assess an individual's risk of more serious harm or accidental death, regardless of intent...
September 28, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597836/correlates-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-bulimic-spectrum-disorders
#9
Alexandra Gómez-Expósito, Ines Wolz, Ana B Fagundo, Roser Granero, Trevor Steward, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Zaida Agüera, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the implication of personality, impulsivity, and emotion regulation difficulties in patients with a bulimic-spectrum disorder (BSD) and suicide attempts (SA), BSD patients with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and BSD patients without these behaviors. METHOD: One hundred and twenty-two female adult BSD patients were assessed using self-report questionnaires. Patients were clustered post-hoc into three groups depending on whether they presented BSD without NSSI or SA (BSD), BSD with lifetime NSSI (BSD + NSSI) or BSD with lifetime SA (BSD + SA)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590903/the-association-of-genetic-predisposition-to-depressive-symptoms-with-non-suicidal-and-suicidal-self-injuries
#10
Dominique F Maciejewski, Miguel E Renteria, Abdel Abdellaoui, Sarah E Medland, Lauren R Few, Scott D Gordon, Pamela A F Madden, Grant Montgomery, Timothy J Trull, Andrew C Heath, Dixie J Statham, Nicholas G Martin, Brendan P Zietsch, Karin J H Verweij
Non-suicidal and suicidal self-injury are very destructive, yet surprisingly common behaviours. Depressed mood is a major risk factor for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We conducted a genetic risk prediction study to examine the polygenic overlap of depressive symptoms with lifetime NSSI, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts in a sample of 6237 Australian adult twins and their family members (3740 females, mean age = 42.4 years). Polygenic risk scores for depressive symptoms significantly predicted suicidal ideation, and some predictive ability was found for suicide attempts; the polygenic risk scores explained a significant amount of variance in suicidal ideation (lowest p = 0...
January 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449552/a-comparison-of-methods-of-self-harm-without-intent-to-die-cutting-versus-self-poisoning
#11
Hayley Chartrand, Huntae Kim, Jitender Sareen, Minoo Mahmoudi, James M Bolton
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in DSM-5 Section 3 is restricted to damaging the skin, while self-poisoning is not considered NSSI even if there was no suicidal intent. The objective of this study was to compare correlates of people who self-cut and those who self-poison without suicidal intent, to determine whether people who harm themselves by cutting are a distinct subgroup. METHODS: There were 12,435 presentations to adult psychiatric services in the emergency departments of tertiary care hospitals in Manitoba between January 2009 and December 2013...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422028/psychosocial-interventions-following-self-harm-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Keith Hawton, Katrina G Witt, Tatiana L Taylor Salisbury, Ella Arensman, David Gunnell, Philip Hazell, Ellen Townsend, Kees van Heeringen
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (intentional acts of non-fatal self-poisoning or self-injury) is common, particularly in young adults aged 15-35 years, often repeated, and strongly associated with suicide. Effective aftercare of individuals who self-harm is therefore important. We have undertaken a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for self-harm in adults. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases (CCDANCTR-Studies and References, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO) between Jan 1, 1998, and April 29, 2015, for randomised controlled trials of psychosocial interventions for adults after a recent (within 6 months) episode of self-harm...
August 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178994/untended-wounds-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Brenna B Maddox, Andrea Trubanova, Susan W White
Recent studies have examined non-suicidal self-injury in community and clinical samples, but there is no published research on non-suicidal self-injury in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. This lack of research is surprising, since individuals with autism spectrum disorder have high rates of risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury, including depression and poor emotion regulation skills. Using an online survey, we examined non-suicidal self-injury methods, frequency, severity, functions, and initial motivations in adults with autism spectrum disorder (n = 42)...
May 12, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136294/perceived-parental-monitoring-and-sexual-orientation-moderate-lifetime-acts-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#14
Erik M Benau, Abigail L Jenkins, Bradley T Conner
Being non-heterosexual, particularly bisexual, is associated with high rates of engagement in NSSI amongst young adults. The goal of the present study was to determine if parenting practices, specifically parental monitoring, and sexual orientation moderate engagement with NSSI. Undergraduates (N = 1353) completed a survey on sexual orientation, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) acts, and multiple aspects of perceived parental monitoring during high school. Moderation analyses revealed that most facets of parental monitoring were similarly negatively correlated with NSSI for both individuals whose sexual orientation where nearly, or entirely, gay and heterosexual youth...
May 2, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128172/is-psychotherapy-effective-for-reducing-suicide-attempt-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-rates-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-literature-data
#15
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Philippe Courtet
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of psychotherapy interventions for reducing suicidal attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). METHODS: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing psychotherapy interventions and treatment as usual (TAU; including also enhanced usual care, psychotropic treatment alone, cognitive remediation, short-term problem-oriented approach, supportive relationship treatment, community treatment by non-behavioral psychotherapy experts, emergency care enhanced by provider education, no treatment) for SA/NSSI...
August 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038868/-autotelic-activities-aimed-at-the-alteration-of-the-human-body-from-socially-accepted-to-pathological-forms-about-non-suicidal-self-injury
#16
Sandor Kalmar
The author lays down that non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) constitutes an increasingly more common and serious public health problem, especially during the age of adolescence. In spite of the fact that the phenomenon has been known since the beginning of human mankind even in animals, we have not been able to either give a clear explanation or prevent its spreading yet. The author reviews the conceptual disturbances, behavioural phenotypes, cultural-historical and mythological antecedents related to self-injury, just as the controversial concepts, reasons of unclearness of the concepts, and clinical classification of self-injuries, and he outlines a new categorisation/ classification of the explanation of autotelic activities aimed at the alteration of the human body...
March 2016: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009317/single-session-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-training-versus-relaxation-training-for-non-treatment-engaged-suicidal-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Erin F Ward-Ciesielski, Connor B Jones, Madeline D Wielgus, Chelsey R Wilks, Marsha M Linehan
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are not engaged in treatment are commonly overlooked in the design of intervention trials targeting suicidal populations as a result of recruitment methodology that requires individuals to be referred from their current provider. In fact, research suggests that the majority of individuals who die by suicide have not been in contact with mental health services in the year before their death. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial of two brief, one-session interventions for adults who are not engaged in mental health treatment...
March 24, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000122/non-fatal-suicidal-behaviour-in-rural-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-facility-and-population-based-study
#18
Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tsion Shiferaw, Maji Hailemariam, Sujit D Rathod, Mark Jordans, Solomon Teferra, Crick Lund, Erica Breuer, Martin Prince, Tedla W Giorgis, Atalay Alem, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Injury related to self-harm is one of the leading causes of global disease burden. As a formative work for a programme to implement comprehensive mental healthcare in a rural district in Ethiopia, we determined the 12-month prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour as well as factors associated with this behaviour to understand the potential burden of the behaviour in the district. METHOD: Population-based (n = 1485) and facility-based (n = 1014) cross-sectional surveys of adults, using standardised, interview-based measures for suicidality (items on suicide from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview), depressive symptoms (the Patient Health Questionnaire) and alcohol use disorders (Alcohol Use Disorder Investigation Test; AUDIT)...
March 22, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952026/addressing-the-burden-of-epilepsy-many-unmet-needs
#19
Ettore Beghi
Epilepsy is a heterogeneous clinical condition characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures, their causes and complications. The incidence, prevalence and mortality of epilepsy vary with age, place and time contributing to a variable extent to the burden of the disease. Diagnostic misclassification may have strong impact on personal and societal reflections of the disease in light of its clinical manifestations and the need for chronic treatment. Epilepsy accounts for a significant proportion of the world's disease burden ranking fourth after tension-type headache, migraine and Alzheimer disease...
May 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773988/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-heterosexual-and-sexual-minority-young-adults
#20
Aliona Tsypes, Robert Lane, Elise Paul, Janis Whitlock
OBJECTIVE: Despite consistently greater rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs; i.e., suicidal ideation, method/plan, and attempts) in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals, prevalence, characteristics, and relations between these dangerous thoughts and behaviors are equivocal. The present study sought to examine and compare the rates of NSSI and STBs in a large sample of sexual minority and majority young adults. METHODS: Participants were 12,422 college students (ages 18-29; 57...
February 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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