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Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407359/characterizing-gender-differences-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-a-large-clinical-sample-of-adolescents-and-adults
#1
Sarah E Victor, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Nicole A Hayes, Gregory J Lengel, Denise M Styer, Jason J Washburn
While nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in both men and women, research exploring the intersection of NSSI and gender has been limited by the use of small samples of males drawn primarily from non-clinical populations. To address these limitations, we analyzed data from a large sample of patients enrolled in an NSSI partial hospitalization program (PHP) to compare males and females across several variables, including NSSI characteristics, correlates, and pre-post treatment outcomes. Results indicated similar NSSI characteristics and treatment outcomes for males and females, with few exceptions...
February 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238313/differential-neural-processing-of-social-exclusion-and-inclusion-in-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener, Georg Groen, Dominik Neff, Martina Bonenberger, Birgit Abler
Introduction: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a symptom of borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, NSSI often occurs independently of BPD. Altered neural processing of social exclusion has been shown in adolescents with NSSI and adults with BPD with additional alterations during social inclusion in BPD patients. Aims of this study were to investigate differences in neural processing of social inclusion and exclusion situations between adolescents with NSSI and young adults with BPD and NSSI...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202639/emotional-responding-in-nssi-examinations-of-appraisals-of-positive-and-negative-emotional-stimuli-with-and-without-acute-stress
#3
Ruth Tatnell, Penelope Hasking, Ottmar V Lipp, Mark Boyes, Jessica Dawkins
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is commonly used by young adults to regulate emotional responses. Yet, experimental examination of how people who self-injure appraise and respond to emotional stimuli is limited. We examined appraisals of, and responses to, emotive images in young adults who did and did not self-injure, and assessed whether these were impacted by exposure to a stressor. Study 1 (N = 51) examined whether participants differed in their appraisals of emotional images. Study 2 (N = 78) assessed whether appraisals of images changed after exposure to the Trier Social Stress Test...
December 5, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121554/age-of-onset-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-dutch-speaking-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-an-event-history-analysis-of-pooled-data
#4
Amarendra Gandhi, Koen Luyckx, Imke Baetens, Glenn Kiekens, Ellen Sleuwaegen, Ann Berens, Shubhada Maitra, Laurence Claes
OBJECTIVE: Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) has emerged as an important mental-health concern. However, epidemiological features like age of onset of NSSI have remained understudied. Therefore, the current study investigated the distribution of age of onset of NSSI in pooled sample of Dutch-speaking adolescents and emerging adults using event history analysis. METHOD: Eleven datasets measuring age at first NSSI in community and clinical participants collected by researchers in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium were pooled together...
October 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091780/social-connectedness-stressful-life-events-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-young-adults
#5
Natalia Macrynikola, Regina Miranda, Ariella Soffer
OBJECTIVES: Preventing self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) is particularly challenging on commuter campuses, given lower social cohesion and higher levels of stress than among traditional college populations. The present study examined the relationship between stressful life events (SLEs) and risk for different forms of SITBs, along with the potential buffering role of social connectedness, in a diverse sample of young adults from a commuter college. METHODS: Participants were 1712 (81% female; 61% racial/ethnic minority; 20% sexual minority) undergraduate and graduate students from a public commuter college in New York City...
September 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061408/predictors-of-non-suicidal-and-suicidal-self-injurious-behaviours-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-urban-india
#6
Poornima Bhola, Munivenkatappa Manjula, Vanitha Rajappa, Mariamma Phillip
BACKGROUND: The complex intersections between non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviours; like cutting, burning or self-hitting, and suicide attempts, are an important domain of enquiry among vulnerable adolescents and young adults. A cross-sectional survey in urban schools and colleges assessed the rates of self-injurious behaviour among Indian adolescents and young adults. Predictors of NSSI and of self-injurious behaviours with associated suicidal intent, were also examined. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 1571 male and female students, from 19 private and government aided high schools, pre-university colleges and undergraduate colleges in an urban city in South India...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903081/ethical-practices-in-community-based-research-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Nupur Singhal, Poornima Bhola
BACKGROUND: The growing interest in community-based research on non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) reflects the high prevalence rates found among vulnerable adolescents and young adults. A significant concern in research with vulnerable populations, and on sensitive topics, is the development of an ethical framework that protects the needs and rights of the participants while responding to researchers' goals and limitations and the broader clinical and public health concerns. AIM: The aim of the present study was to review the ethical practices followed in community-based research on NSSI...
September 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692921/exploring-the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-borderline-personality-traits-in-young-adults
#9
Daniel Vega, Rafael Torrubia, Àngel Soto, Joan Ribas, Joaquim Soler, Juan Carlos Pascual, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent during late adolescence and young adulthood. There is some evidence of a link between NSSI and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), but little is known about the association between BPD traits and the various functions that maintain NSSI. The main purpose of this study was to explore the association between borderline personality traits and NSSI functions in a sample of college students. We also compared NSSI functions in college students who engaged in NSSI to those in an age-matched sample of BPD patients...
July 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641148/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-new-zealand-birth-cohort
#10
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are related, but distinct behaviors. The primary aim of the current study was to identify factors that distinguish those with different lifetime histories of self-injury. A secondary aim was to test whether lifetime history of self-injury at age 26 predicted current suicide ideation at age 32. METHODS: Participants were 26 year olds from a large birth cohort with a lifetime history of no self-injury (n = 466), a lifetime history of NSSI (n = 191), or a lifetime history of NSSI and a suicide attempt (NSSI+SA; n = 52)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581540/self-injury-placement-in-mental-disorders-classifications-risk-factors-and-primary-mechanisms-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Ewa Racicka, Anita Bryńska
Self-injury is a common phenomenon among adolescents and young adults, however its prevalence in clinical population is estimated at 40-80%, especially in regard to patients during puberty. Symptoms usually appear between 12th and 14th year of age, and their average duration is approx. 2 years. According to accepted sociocultural norms self-injury can be regarded as a normal behavior. Nevertheless, the prevalence of body art phenomenon in Western culture including professional tattooing, piercing, scarification, burning tattoos and other body modification typical for tribal cultures, has forced the need to redefine the boundaries for normative behavior...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548007/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-attachment-states-of-mind-and-non-suicidal-self-injury
#12
Jodi Martin, K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Glenn I Roisman
This investigation examined preoccupied attachment states of mind as both a risk factor for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and as a mechanism by which prospectively assessed childhood experiences of abuse and neglect predicted the frequency/severity of NSSI behavior up to age 26 years in 164 individuals (83 females) who were followed from birth in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. Preoccupied (but not dismissing) states of mind regarding both childhood caregivers and adult romantic partners were correlated with more frequent/severe NSSI...
May 26, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509661/the-relationship-between-interpersonal-trauma-history-and-the-functions-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-young-adults-an-experience-sampling-study
#13
Sarah Horowitz, Lana Stermac
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been reported to serve a range of functions for individuals who engage in it. Despite considerable variation in NSSI functions between individuals, limited attention has been paid to exploring relationships between NSSI functions and other characteristics of self-injuring individuals, such as trauma history. This is despite allusion to trauma history in the suggested etiology of some NSSI functions (e.g., anti-dissociation, self-punishment). The present study used a 21-day online daily diary to explore possible relationships between common NSSI functions and past interpersonal trauma in community young adults (n = 38)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315579/longitudinal-association-between-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-and-suicidal-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
P Castellví, E Lucas-Romero, A Miranda-Mendizábal, O Parés-Badell, J Almenara, I Alonso, M J Blasco, A Cebrià, A Gabilondo, M Gili, C Lagares, J A Piqueras, M Roca, J Rodríguez-Marín, T Rodríguez-Jimenez, V Soto-Sanz, J Alonso
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with previous self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITB) have over 2-fold risk of dying by suicide, higher than older ages. This meta-analysis aims to disentangle the association of each SITB with subsequent suicidal behavior in adolescence/young adulthood, the contribution of each SITB, and the proportion of suicide deaths with no previous suicide attempt. METHODS: We searched 6 databases until June 2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA: 1...
June 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288307/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-mexican-young-adults-prevalence-associations-with-suicidal-behavior-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-dsm-5-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#15
Corina Benjet, Irene González-Herrera, Everardo Castro-Silva, Enrique Méndez, Guilherme Borges, Leticia Casanova, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may lead to scarring, infection, accidental death and psychological distress. Little is known about NSSI in the general population of young adults in developing countries like Mexico. The current study examined the prevalence of any NSSI and each type of NSSI, the prevalence of meeting DSM-5 proposed criteria, and finally the association of NSSI with socio-demographic variables, suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This study was conducted in a community sample of 1071 young adults between 19 and 26 years of age residents of Mexico City...
June 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140729/association-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-with-substance-use-and-family-characteristics-among-children-and-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#17
Neslim Guvendeger Doksat, Oguzhan Zahmacioglu, Arzu Ciftci Demirci, Gizem Melissa Kocaman, Ayten Erdogan
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies in youth and adults suggest strong association between substance use disorders and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. There is paucity of studies exploring the association of substance use with history of suicide attempts (HSA) and NSSI in children and adolescents in Turkey. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the prevalence of NSSI and HSA and their relationship with substance use and family characteristics among youth seeking treatment for substance use in Turkey...
April 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105552/differentiating-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-risky-drinking-a-role-for-outcome-expectancies-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#18
Penelope Hasking
Social cognitive theory articulates a role for two key thought processes in governing volitional behaviour: outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies. These cognitions are behaviour-specific, and should thus differentiate people who engage in one behaviour over another. This paper presents the results of a study applying social cognitive theory to explore how outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies differentially relate to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and risky alcohol use amongst a sample of young adults...
August 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065425/clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-self-inflicted-burns
#19
P A Cornet, A S Niemeijer, G D Figaroa, M A van Daalen, T W Broersma, M E van Baar, G I J M Beerthuizen, M K Nieuwenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with self-inflicted burns (SIB) are thought to have a longer length of stay compared to patients with accidental burns. However, other predictors for a longer length of stay are often not taken into account, e.g. percentage of the body surface area burned, age or comorbidities. Therefore, we wanted to study the outcome of patients with SIB at our burn center. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted. All adult patients with acute burns admitted to the burn center of the Martini Hospital Groningen, between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 were included...
June 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040576/a-short-term-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relations-between-depression-anhedonia-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-adults-with-a-history-of-self-injury
#20
Melissa J Zielinski, Jennifer C Veilleux, E Samuel Winer, Michael R Nadorff
BACKGROUND: Limited research has addressed the role of anhedonia in predicting suicidality and/or nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adults, despite evidence suggesting that loss of interest or pleasure may increase vulnerability for self-inflicted harm, even beyond other depressive symptoms. METHODS: In the current study, we explored the role of symptoms of depression and recent changes in anhedonia in predicting suicidality, NSSI ideation, and perceptions of NSSI helpfulness among individuals with a history of NSSI or suicide attempts (N=187)...
February 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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