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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150612/health-impact-of-e-cigarettes-a-prospective-3-5-year-study-of-regular-daily-users-who-have-never-smoked
#1
Riccardo Polosa, Fabio Cibella, Pasquale Caponnetto, Marilena Maglia, Umberto Prosperini, Cristina Russo, Donald Tashkin
Although electronic cigarettes (ECs) are a much less harmful alternative to tobacco cigarettes, there is concern as to whether long-term ECs use may cause risks to human health. We report health outcomes (blood pressure, heart rate, body weight, lung function, respiratory symptoms, exhaled breath nitric oxide [eNO], exhaled carbon monoxide [eCO], and high-resolution computed tomography [HRCT] of the lungs) from a prospective 3.5-year observational study of a cohort of nine daily EC users (mean age 29.7 (±6...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149889/electronic-cigarette-vapor-alters-the-lateral-structure-but-not-tensiometric-properties-of-calf-lung-surfactant
#2
Rebecca J Przybyla, Jason Wright, Rajan Parthiban, Saeed Nazemidashtarjandi, Savas Kaya, Amir M Farnoud
BACKGROUND: Despite their growing popularity, the potential respiratory toxicity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) remains largely unknown. One potential aspect of e-cigarette toxicity is the effect of e-cigarette vapor on lung surfactant function. Lung surfactant is a mixture of lipids and proteins that lines the alveolar region. The surfactant layer reduces the surface tension of the alveolar fluid, thereby playing a crucial role in lung stability. Due to their small size, particulates in e-cigarette vapor can penetrate the deep lungs and come into contact with the lung surfactant...
November 17, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144941/re-the-health-effects-of-electronic-cigarettes
#3
Sam S Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142532/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-receptivity-to-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-e-cigarette-use-among-baseline-non-users-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-united-states
#4
Israel T Agaku, Kevin Davis, Deesha Patel, Paul Shafer, Shanna Cox, William Ridgeway, Brian A King
Background: We investigated the relationship between receptivity to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements at baseline and e-cigarette use at follow-up among adult baseline non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Methods: A nationally representative online panel was used to survey non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes (n = 2191) at baseline and 5-month follow-up. At baseline, respondents were shown an e-cigarette advertisement and asked if they were aware of it (exposure)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139190/a-man-before-his-time-russell-s-insights-into-nicotine-smoking-treatment-and-curbing-the-smoking-problem
#5
Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aimed to provide a brief overview of five key research 'classics' produced by the innovative and radical thought leader, Professor Michael Anthony Hamilton Russell (1932-2009), drawing upon his other work wherever feasible. METHODS: Narrative review. From more than 250 publications, we selected papers we considered seminal texts, published in 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1991. RESULTS: Russell was among the first researchers to explain that smoking was a dependence disorder caused by the drug nicotine decades before this was recognized formally...
November 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138548/e-cigarettes-in-patients-with-copd-current-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
J B Morjaria, E Mondati, R Polosa
Conventional cigarette smoking is known to result in significant COPD morbidity and mortality. Strategies to reduce and/or stop smoking in this highly vulnerable patient group are key public health priorities to reduce COPD morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, smoking cessation efforts in patients with COPD are poor and there is a compelling need for more efficient approaches to cessation for patients with COPD. Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are devices that use batteries to vaporize nicotine. They may facilitate quit attempts and cessation in many smokers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133020/-the-fight-against-smoking-the-need-to-consider-behavioral-dependence
#7
REVIEW
C Guillaumin, T Urban
The prevalence of smoking in France remains very high compared to other developed Western countries. The management of smoking in smokers is often limited to nicotinic substitution, whether medicated or linked to the use of electronic cigarettes or varenicline and advices more or less reliable or helpful. This strategy of aiding smoking cessation, if isolated, leads to a high number of failures. It is therefore necessary to consider behavioral dependence, in the broad sense in three aspects, "behavioral" (the motor Gestures), cognitive (thoughts) and emotional (emotions)...
November 10, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132954/weight-status-and-cigarette-and-electronic-cigarette-use-in-adolescents
#8
Joanne Delk, MeLisa R Creamer, Cheryl L Perry, Melissa B Harrell
INTRODUCTION: Research shows that adolescents who are overweight or obese may be at greater risk of cigarette smoking, and that this relationship may vary by gender. However, this relationship is understudied for electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Given the high rate of adolescent obesity and the rise in e-cigarette use in adolescents, this relationship should be investigated. METHODS: Data are from the third wave (collected October 2015-January 2016) of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance system...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132364/-i-m-not-strong-enough-i-m-not-good-enough-i-can-t-do-this-i-m-failing-a-qualitative-study-of-low-socioeconomic-status-smokers-experiences-with-accesssing-cessation-support-and-the-role-for-alternative-technology-based-support
#9
Veronica C Boland, Richard P Mattick, Hayden McRobbie, Mohammad Siahpush, Ryan J Courtney
BACKGROUND: The social gradient in smoking rates persist with an overrepresentation of smoking and its associated harms concentrated within lower socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Low-SES smokers are motivated to quit but face multiple barriers when engaging a quit attempt. An understanding of the current treatment service model from the perspectives of treatment-seeking low-SES smokers is needed to inform the design of alternative smoking cessation support services tailored to the needs of low-SES populations...
November 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127080/a-naturalistic-randomized-pilot-trial-of-e-cigarettes-uptake-exposure-and-behavioral-effects
#10
Matthew Carpenter, Bryan W Heckman, Amy E Wahlquist, Theodore L Wagener, Maciej L Goniewicz, Kevin M Gray, Brett Froeliger, K Michael Cummings
Background Most studies of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) compare self-selected users vs. non-users. The few randomized studies to date generally support a positive impact on reducing smoking behavior, but these studies are focused on guided ENDS use. This study presents a randomized naturalistic trial of ENDS with prospective outcomes of uptake and behavioral changes in smoking. Methods Adult smokers with minimal ENDS history were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive product for 3 weeks (n=46), or not (n=22)...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122804/the-messages-presented-in-online-electronic-cigarette-promotions-and-discussions-a-scoping-review-protocol
#11
Kahlia McCausland, Bruce Maycock, Jonine Jancey
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes have become increasingly popular over the last 10 years. These devices represent a new paradigm for tobacco control offering smokers an opportunity to inhale nicotine without inhaling tobacco smoke. To date there are no definite conclusions regarding the safety and long-term health effects of electronic cigarettes; however, there is evidence that they are being marketed online as a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes. This scoping review aims to identify and describe the breadth of messages (eg, health, smoking-cessation and price related claims) presented in online electronic cigarette promotions and discussions...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#12
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118149/perceptions-related-to-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-among-california-college-students
#13
Shiva Abadi, Elizabeth T Couch, Benjamin W Chaffee, Margaret M Walsh
Purpose: To assess electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, factors associated with use, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals in a sample of college students attending a public university in northern California, using a web-based survey.Methods: In this quantitative cross-sectional study, survey items assessed e-cigarette use, perceived risks and benefits, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals and were pilot tested for feasibility and acceptability...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113070/electronic-cigarette-use-in-students-and-its-relation-with-tobacco-smoking-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-i-share-study
#14
Shérazade Kinouani, Edwige Pereira, Christophe Tzourio
While young adults often try e-cigarettes, little is known about its use and the reasons for experimentation, particularly in relation with tobacco-smoking. In 2016, data were collected from 2720 French-speaking students participating in a web-based study on students' health: the internet-based Students Health Research Enterprise (i-Share) project. Univariate analyses and multivariable logistic regressions were performed to study the relationship between e-cigarette use and smoking status. Two out of five students declared having tried e-cigarettes and 3...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112988/relationship-between-spending-on-electronic-cigarettes-30-day-use-and-disease-symptoms-among-current-adult-cigarette-smokers-in-the-u-s
#15
Tingting Yao, Wendy Max, Hai-Yen Sung, Stanton A Glantz, Rachel L Goldberg, Julie B Wang, Yingning Wang, James Lightwood, Janine Cataldo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between spending on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and disease symptoms compared with the relationship between 30-day e-cigarette use and disease symptoms among adult cigarette smokers in the U.S. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Tobacco and Attitudes Beliefs Survey which included 533 respondents aged 24+ who were current cigarette smokers and e-cigarette ever users. Fifteen self-reported disease symptoms were included as outcome variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109112/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-the-effects-of-electronic-cigarette-aerosol-exposure-on-inflammation-and-lung-function-in-mice
#16
Alexander N Larcombe, Maxine A Janka, Benjamin J Mullins, Luke J Berry, Arne Bredin, Peter J Franklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109110/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-pulmonary-toxicity-of-electronic-cigarettes-more-doubts-than-certainties
#17
Lauren F Chun, Farzad Moazed, Carolyn S Calfee, Michael A Matthay, Jeffrey E Gotts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104902/internet-based-advertising-claims-and-consumer-reasons-for-using-electronic-cigarettes-by-device-type-in-the-us
#18
Kim Pulvers, Jessica Y Sun, Yue-Lin Zhuang, Gabriel Holguin, Shu-Hong Zhu
Objectives: Important differences exist between closed-system and open-system e-cigarettes, but it is unknown whether online companies are marketing these devices differently and whether consumer reasons for using e-cigarettes vary by device type. This paper compares Internet-based advertising claims of closed- versus open-system products, and evaluates US consumers' reasons for using closed- versus open-system e-cigarettes. Methods: Internet sites selling exclusively closed (N = 130) or open (N = 129) e-cigarettes in December 2013-January 2014 were coded for advertising claims...
October 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102637/assessment-of-reactive-oxygen-species-generated-by-electronic-cigarettes-using-acellular-and-cellular-approaches
#19
Jiayuan Zhao, Yipei Zhang, Jennifer D Sisler, Justine Shaffer, Stephen S Leonard, Anna M Morris, Yong Qian, Dhimiter Bello, Philip Demokritou
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) have fast increased in popularity but the physico-chemical properties and toxicity of the generated emission remain unclear. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are likely present in e-cig emission and can play an important role in e-cig toxicity. However, e-cig ROS generation is poorly documented. Here, we generated e-cig exposures using a recently developed versatile exposure platform and performed systematic ROS characterization on e-cig emissions using complementary acellular and cellular techniques: 1) a novel acellular Trolox-based mass spectrometry method for total ROS and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) detection, 2) electron spin resonance (ESR) for hydroxyl radical detection in an acellular and cellular systems and 3) in vitro ROS detection in small airway epithelial cells (SAEC) using the dihydroethidium (DHE) assay...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097631/chronic-exposure-to-electronic-cigarette-e-cig-results-in-impaired-cardiovascular-function-in-mice
#20
I Mark Olfert, Evan DeVallance, Hannah Hoskinson, Kayla W Branyan, Stuart Clayton, Christopher R Pitzer, David Patrick Sullivan, Matthew J Breit, Zhong-Xin Wu, Powsiri Klinkhachorn, W Kyle Mandler, Brett H Erdreich, Barbara S Ducatman, Randy W Bryner, Piyali Dasgupta, Paul D Chantler
Proponents for electronic cigarettes(E-cigs) claim they are a safe alternative to smoking tobacco-based cigarettes,however little is known about the long-term effects of E-cig vapor exposure on vascular function.The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiovascular consequences of chronic E-cig exposure. Female mice (C57Bl/6 background strain)were randomly assigned to chronic daily exposure of E-cig vapor, standard cigarette smoke(using 3R4F-reference-cigarette), or filtered-air(N=15/group). Respective whole-body exposures consisted of 4 x 1-hour exposure blocks, separated by 30-minute intervals of fresh air breaks, resulting in intermittent daily exposure for a total of 4h/day, 5days/week for 8-months...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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