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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332004/host-agent-vector-environment-measures-for-electronic-cigarette-research-used-in-nih-grants
#1
Mary L Garcia-Cazarin, Rachel J Mandal, Rachel Grana, Kay L Wanke, Helen I Meissner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the focus and comprehensiveness of domains measured in e-cigarette research. METHODS: A portfolio analysis of National Institutes of Health grants focusing on e-cigarette research and funded between the fiscal years 2007 and 2015 was conducted. Grant proposals were retrieved using a government database and coded using the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment (HAVE) model as a framework to characterise the measures proposed...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330242/patient-perspectives-on-discussions-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-primary-care
#2
Mark P Doescher, Ming Wu, Elizabeth Rainwater, Ali S Khan, Dorothy A Rhoades
PURPOSE: Patient preferences regarding the role of the primary care provider (PCP) in discussing electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use are unknown. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to 568 adult patients in a family medicine clinic to explore e-cigarette use, sources of information on e-cigarettes, perceived knowledge about e-cigarette health effects, views regarding PCP knowledge of e-cigarettes, interest in discussing e-cigarettes with PCPs and preferred format for e-cigarette information...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329351/educational-gradients-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products-in-japan
#3
Yuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Tabuchi
OBJECTIVES: In addition to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), tobacco companies have recently begun to sell heat-not-burn tobacco products, Ploom and iQOS in Japan. Previous research has reported an inverse association between combustible cigarette smoking and educational attainment, but little is known about the association for e-cigarettes, especially heat-not-burn tobacco products. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between educational attainment and e-cigarette and heat-not-burn tobacco use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323610/the-debate-about-electronic-cigarettes-harm-minimization-or-the-precautionary-principle
#4
Lawrence W Green, Jonathan E Fielding, Ross C Brownson
Two contrasting reviews (authored by Abrams et al. and Glanz & Bareham) in this volume have reached opposing conclusions on the effects of electronic cigarettes in a debate that is dividing the scientific and professional communities that have devoted careers to controlling the manufacture, advertising, sale, and use of combustible cigarettes. The research on the types, degree, and extent of harm from e-cigarettes is far from complete and, together with trends in teenage smoking and vaping, has raised new questions and prospects about the potential benefits that the new electronic products offer smokers of combustible cigarettes in quitting or at least cutting back on the known risks associated with the traditional forms of smoking...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323232/comparison-of-bladder-carcinogens-in-the-urine-of-e-cigarette-users-versus-non-e-cigarette-using-controls
#5
Thomas W Fuller, Abhinav P Acharya, Thiagarajan Meyyappan, Michelle Yu, Godugu Bhaskar, Steven R Little, Tatum V Tarin
Electronic cigarette (EC) use is gaining popularity as a substitute for conventional smoking due to the perception and evidence it represents a safer alternative. In contrast to the common perception amongst users that ECs represent no risk initial studies have revealed a complex composition of e-cigarette liquids. Conventional cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for developing bladder cancer and prior reports raise concern some of those causative compounds may exist in EC liquids or vapor. Urine samples were collected from 13 e-cigarette using subjects and 10 non e-cigarette using controls...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321926/lung-injury-associated-with-electronic-cigarettes-inhalation-diagnosed-by-transbronchial-lung-biopsy
#6
Masayuki Itoh, Kazutetsu Aoshiba, Yoriko Herai, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Tamiko Takemura
A 46-year-old healthy man developed respiratory distress, night sweats, fever, and weight loss after using electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) for approximately 1 month. He presented to the hospital when the symptoms worsened 2 months after onset. The findings of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid examination and the following transbronchial lung biopsy examination led to the diagnosis of acute alveolitis: intra-alveolar fibrosis accompanied with exudate containing abundant lipid-laden macrophages, eosinophils, and neutrophils...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315420/e-cigarette-marketing-and-communication-how-e-cigarette-companies-market-e-cigarettes-and-the-public-engages-with-e-cigarette-information
#7
Lauren Collins, Allison M Glasser, Haneen Abudayyeh, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Given the lack of regulation on marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the U.S. and the increasing exchange of e-cigarette-related information online, it is critical to understand how e-cigarette companies market e-cigarettes and how the public engages with e-cigarette information. Methods: Results are from a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on e-cigarettes via a PubMed search through June 1, 2017. Search terms included: "e-cigarette*" OR "electronic cigarette" OR "electronic cigarettes" OR "electronic nicotine delivery" OR "vape" OR "vaping...
January 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304395/electronic-cigarettes-for-adults-with-tobacco-dependence-enrolled-in-a-tobacco-treatment-program-a-pilot-study
#8
Stephen R Baldassarri, Steven L Bernstein, Geoffrey L Chupp, Martin D Slade, Lisa M Fucito, Benjamin A Toll
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have emerged as a potential harm-reducing alternative for tobacco smokers. However, the role ECs might play in treatment settings is unclear. We conducted an exploratory study of treatment-seeking smokers enrolling in a standard tobacco treatment program who were provided with either a nicotine or non-nicotine EC to use as needed to cease tobacco smoking. METHODS: Treatment-seeking smokers received standard tobacco treatment for 8weeks and were given nicotine transdermal patch therapy, behavioral counseling, and either a nicotine or non-nicotine EC to use as needed...
November 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304219/associations-of-adhd-symptoms-with-smoking-and-alternative-tobacco-product-use-initiation-during-adolescence
#9
Nicholas I Goldenson, Rubin Khoddam, Matthew D Stone, Adam M Leventhal
Objective: Recently, use of alternative tobacco products, such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and hookah (water-pipe tobacco), has increased among adolescents. It is unknown whether attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are associated with initiation of alternative tobacco product use. Methods: Ninth grade high school students who never used any tobacco product at baseline (N = 1,921) participated in a longitudinal survey from 2014 to 2015...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304018/safety-assessment-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-their-relationship-with-cardiovascular-disease
#10
REVIEW
Guangwei Zhang, Zhangli Wang, Kai Zhang, Rui Hou, Chunli Xing, Qi Yu, Enqi Liu
Smoking leads to the occurrence and development of a variety of diseases. Most importantly, it is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular atherosclerosis. In recent years, electronic cigarettes have become a popular alternative to traditional cigarettes, since modern micro-electronic techniques provide the possibility of simulating the process of traditional smoking. Additionally, it is convenient and fashionable. Nevertheless, comments about the safety of electronic cigarettes remain controversial. Although the research about electronic cigarettes increased exponentially, there has been no systematic study of its safety...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303963/attitudes-towards-potential-new-tobacco-control-regulations-among-u-s-adults
#11
Allison M Schmidt, Sarah D Kowitt, Allison E Myers, Adam O Goldstein
Favorable attitudes towards tobacco control policies can facilitate their implementation and success. We examined attitudes toward four potential U.S. Federal tobacco regulations (banning menthol from cigarettes, reducing nicotine levels in cigarettes, banning candy and fruit flavored electronic cigarettes, and banning candy and fruit flavored little cigars and cigarillos) and associations with individual and state variables. A nationally representative phone survey of 4337 adults assessed attitudes toward potential policies...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301254/favourable-perceptions-of-electronic-cigarettes-relative-to-cigarettes-and-the-associations-with-susceptibility-to-electronic-cigarette-use-in-hong-kong-chinese-adolescents
#12
Lok Tung Leung, Sai Yin Ho, Jianjiu Chen, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
We investigated favourable perceptions of electronic cigarettes (ECs) relative to cigarettes and their associations with EC use susceptibility in adolescents. Hong Kong Chinese Secondary 1-6 (U.S. grade 7-12) students (n = 40,202) were surveyed in 2014/2015 on EC use, cigarette smoking, favourable perceptions of ECs relative to cigarettes, EC use susceptibility, family smoking, and socio-demographic characteristics. Cox regression yielded adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) of EC use susceptibility in never users, excluding those unaware of ECs...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301008/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-nicotine-dependence-item-bank-for-use-with-electronic-cigarettes
#13
Meghan Morean, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Steve Sussman, Jonathan Foulds, Howard Fishbein, Rachel Grana, Stephanie S O'Malley
Introduction: Psychometrically sound measures of e-cigarette dependence are lacking. Methods: We modified the PROMIS Nicotine Dependence Item Banks for use with e-cigarettes and evaluated the psychometrics of the 22-, 8- and 4-item adapted versions. 1009 adults who reported using e-cigarettes at least weekly completed an anonymous survey in Summer 2016 (50.2% male, 77.1% White, mean age 35.81 [10.71], 66.4% daily e-cigarette users, 72.6% current cigarette smokers)...
January 2, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298367/e-cigarette-toxicity
#14
Gulay Tegin, Hema Madhuri Mekala, Simrat Kaur Sarai, Steven Lippmann
Tobacco smoking is the most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. In just a few short years, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have become increasingly popular, especially for younger individuals. Many people believe that e-cigarettes are safe. The inhaled aerosols of e-cigarettes contain numerous potential toxicities, some of which could be dangerous for health with long-term use. The safety of prolonged aerosol exposure is not known. The use of e-cigarettes as a harm-reduction tool at stopping tobacco smoking is not uniformly successful...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297010/association-of-noncigarette-tobacco-product-use-with-future-cigarette-smoking-among-youth-in-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2015
#15
Shannon Lea Watkins, Stanton A Glantz, Benjamin W Chaffee
Importance: Approximately 90% of adult smokers first tried a cigarette by 18 years of age, and even infrequent smoking in adolescence is associated with established adult smoking. Noncigarette tobacco use is increasing and could stimulate subsequent conventional cigarette smoking in youths. Objective: To estimate the longitudinal association between noncigarette tobacco use and subsequent cigarette smoking initiation among US youth. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prospective cohort study of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) waves 1 (September 12, 2013, to December 14, 2014) and 2 (October 23, 2014, to October 30, 2015), a nationally representative sample of youths who never smoked a conventional cigarette at baseline and completed wave 2 follow-up (N = 10 384) was studied...
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291507/e-cigarette-use-dual-use-of-e-cigarettes-and-tobacco-cigarettes-and-frequency-of-cannabis-use-among-high-school-students
#16
Sunday Azagba
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of electronic vaping products raises many concerns, including whether these products will lead to risky behaviors among adolescents. Evidence suggests that e-cigarettes may be used to vaporize cannabis (marijuana). The current study examined associations between e-cigarette use, dual use of e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes, and frequency of cannabis use. METHODS: Data on high school students (grades 9-12) were from the 2014-2015 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (n=23,429 respondents)...
December 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288255/assessment-of-indoor-air-quality-at-an-electronic-cigarette-vaping-convention
#17
Rui Chen, Angela Aherrera, Chineye Isichei, Pablo Olmedo, Stephanie Jarmul, Joanna E Cohen, Ana Navas-Acien, Ana M Rule
E-cigarette (vaping) conventions are public events promoting electronic cigarettes, in which indoor use of e-cigarettes is allowed. The large concentration of people using e-cigarettes and poor air ventilation can result in indoor air pollution. In order to estimate this worst-case exposure to e-cigarettes, we evaluated indoor air quality in a vaping convention in Maryland (MD), USA. Real-time concentrations of particulate matter (PM10) and real-time total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs), CO2 and NO2 concentrations were measured...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280749/the-nicotine-content-of-a-sample-of-e-cigarette-liquid-manufactured-in-the-united-states
#18
Barrett H Raymond, Katreena Collette-Merrill, Roger G Harrison, Sabrina Jarvis, Ryan Jay Rasmussen
OBJECTIVES: Use of electronic cigarettes has dramatically increased in the United States since 2010, with a forecasted growth of 37% between 2014 and 2019. There is little research on e-liquid nicotine concentration from domestic manufacturers. However, limited research outside of the United States found wide inconsistencies between the labeled concentration of nicotine in e-liquids and the actual nicotine concentration. METHODS: The 7 most popular online manufacturers or distributors were identified...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273313/momentary-smoking-context-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-ses-and-smoking
#19
Tina Jahnel, Stuart G Ferguson, Saul Shiffman, Johannes Thrul, Benjamin Schüz
There is a well-established socioeconomic gradient in smoking behavior: those with lower socioeconomic status smoke more. However, much less is known about the mechanisms explaining how SES is linked to smoking. This study takes a social-ecological perspective by examining whether socioeconomic status affects smoking behavior by differential exposure to places where smoking is allowed. Exposure to smoking restrictions was assessed in real-time using Ecological Momentary Assessment methods. A sample of 194 daily smokers, who were not attempting to quit, recorded their smoking and information about situational and contextual factors for three weeks using an electronic diary...
December 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260431/e-cigarette-and-waterpipe-use-in-two-adolescent-cohorts-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-with-conventional-cigarette-smoking
#20
Jorien L Treur, Andrea D Rozema, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Hans van Oers, Jacqueline M Vink
Alternative tobacco products are increasing in popularity. An important question is whether their use is associated with or even leads to conventional smoking, but large-scale (European) studies are scarce. In two cohorts of Dutch adolescents (Cohort I n = 6819, mean age = 13.8 SD = 1.1, 48.2% female; Cohort II n = 2758, mean age = 17.3 SD = 1.8, 61.3% female), we investigated use of electronic (e)-cigarettes with nicotine, e-cigarettes without nicotine and waterpipe. Generalized estimating equation modelling was conducted with ever conventional smoking as the dependent variable (0 = no, 1 = yes) and ever alternative tobacco use as the independent variable, correcting for clustering within schools, age, sex and education in both cohorts...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
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