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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802179/prevalence-of-population-smoking-cessation-by-electronic-cigarette-use-status-in-a-national-sample-of-recent-smokers
#1
Daniel P Giovenco, Cristine D Delnevo
INTRODUCTION: Amid decreasing rates of cigarette smoking and a rise in e-cigarette use, there is a need to understand population patterns of use to inform tobacco control efforts and evaluate whether e-cigarettes may play a role in tobacco harm reduction. METHODS: This study merged data from the 2014 and 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and restricted the sample to recent smokers [i.e., current smokers and former smokers who quit in 2010 or later (n=15,532)]...
August 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801792/electronic-cigarettes-and-awareness-of-their-health-effects
#2
A Daniluk, A Gawlikowska-Sroka, M Stępien-Słodkowska, E Dzięciołowska-Baran, K Michnik
The use of electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes is strongly on the rise. The literature confirms that in the process of quitting smoking using an electronic device dispensing nicotine should be a transitional stage before the complete cessation of smoking. The aim of the present study was to assess the popularity of e-cigarettes, the underlying reasons for use of such nicotine products, and the level of awareness of health hazards associated with e-cigarettes. The study is of a survey type. The material consisted of data collected from an anonymous survey distributed among 46 female and 23 male users of e-cigarettes in 2015...
August 12, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#3
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795508/occupation-and-risk-of-developing-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-population-based-case-control-study
#4
Anna Ilar, Lars Alfredsson, Pernilla Wiebert, Lars Klareskog, Camilla Bengtsson
OBJECTIVE: Environmental factors are of importance for the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but much remains unknown concerning the contributions from distinct occupational hazards. We explored the association between occupation and the risk of anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) + RA or ACPA- RA. METHODS: We analyzed 3,522 cases and 5,580 controls from the Swedish population-based EIRA case-control study. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on work history and lifestyle factors...
August 10, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782062/exploratory-analysis-of-marketing-and-non-marketing-e-cigarette-themes-on-twitter
#5
Sifei Han, Ramakanth Kavuluru
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) have been gaining popularity and have emerged as a controversial tobacco product since their introduction in 2007 in the U.S. The smoke-free aspect of e-cigs renders them less harmful than conventional cigarettes and is one of the main reasons for their use by people who plan to quit smoking. The US food and drug administration (FDA) has introduced new regulations early May 2016 that went into effect on August 8, 2016. Given this important context, in this paper, we report results of a project to identify current themes in e-cig tweets in terms of semantic interpretations of topics generated with topic modeling...
November 2016: Soc Inform (2016)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780356/then-and-now-consumption-and-dependence-in-e-cigarette-users-who-formerly-smoked-cigarettes
#6
Matthew Browne, Daniel G Todd
Electronic cigarette use, or vaping, continues to be a focus for regulators and policy makers in public health, particularly since it can compete with or be a substitute for smoking. This study investigated characteristics of nicotine dependence and consumption in a sample of vapers who formerly smoked cigarettes. We recruited 436 (80% male) vapers from several internet discussion forums; 95% of whom previously smoked, but ceased after commencing vaping. These participants completed a retrospective version of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND-R), as well as a version modified to suit current vaping (FTND-V), along with measures of consumption...
July 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777675/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-e-cigarette-vape-use-and-co-occurring-health-risk-behaviors-among-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#7
H Isabella Lanza, Heather Teeter
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; i.e., e-cigarette/vape) use has grown exponentially in the past few years. College students present a particularly vulnerable group for ENDS use. The current study sought to expand the literature by examining the context in which college students use ENDS, co-occurring health risks beyond traditional tobacco use, and the role of ethnicity in ENDS use. METHODS: Health-risk behavior survey data was collected from 452 undergraduates attending a large, public urban university during the 2015-2016 academic year...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766331/emissions-from-electronic-cigarettes-assessing-vapers-intake-of-toxic-compounds-secondhand-exposures-and-the-associated-health-impacts
#8
Jennifer M Logue, Mohamad Sleiman, V Nahuel Montesinos, Marion L Russell, Marta I Litter, Neal L Benowitz, Lara A Gundel, Hugo Destaillats
E-cigarettes likely represent a lower risk to health than traditional combustion cigarettes, but they are not innocuous. Recently reported emission rates of potentially harmful compounds were used to assess intake and predict health impacts for vapers and bystanders exposed passively. Vapers' toxicant intake was calculated for scenarios in which different e-liquids were used with various vaporizers, battery power settings and vaping regimes. For a high rate of 250 puff day(-1) using a typical vaping regime and popular tank devices with battery voltages from 3...
August 2, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765143/us-plan-gives-greater-role-to-electronic-cigarettes-in-tobacco-harm-reduction
#9
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756728/innovative-approaches-to-support-smoking-cessation-for-individuals-with-mental-illness-and-co-occurring-substance-use-disorders
#10
Smita Das, Judith J Prochaska
Tobacco remains the leading preventable cause of death in the US, accounting for over 520,000 deaths annually. While the smoking prevalence has declined over the past 50 years, those with mental illness and addictive disorders continue to smoke at high levels and with significant tobacco-related health problems. Areas Covered: This review highlights the epidemiology, contributing factors, and evidence-base for intervening upon tobacco use in those with mental illness and addictive disorders. Historically underprioritized, a growing body of literature supports treating tobacco within mental health and addiction treatment settings...
July 31, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753139/electronic-cigarette-use-among-counseled-tobacco-users-hospitalized-in-2015
#11
Natacha M De Genna, Thomas Ylioja, Anna E Schulze, Christine Manta, Antoine B Douaihy, Esa M Davis
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among the inpatient population regardless of the patients' cessation goals. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among counseled tobacco users admitted to 2 academic hospitals. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of hospitalized adult tobacco users who were admitted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015 and who received bedside tobacco cessation counseling from a tobacco treatment service counselor were examined...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750224/second-hand-smoke-generated-by-combustion-and-electronic-smoking-devices-used-in-real-scenarios-ultrafine-particle-pollution-and-age-related-dose-assessment
#12
Carmela Protano, Maurizio Manigrasso, Pasquale Avino, Matteo Vitali
Aerosol measurements were carried out in a model room where both combustion (conventional and hand-rolled cigarettes, a cigar and tobacco pipe) and non-combustion (e-cigarette and IQOS®) devices were smoked. The data were used to estimate the dose of particles deposited in the respiratory systems of individuals from 3months to 21years of age using the multiple-path particle dosimetry (MPPD) model. Regardless of the smoking device, the highest doses were received by infants, which reached 9.88×10(8)particles/kg bw during a cigar smoking session...
July 24, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747333/e-cigarette-use-and-associated-changes-in-population-smoking-cessation-evidence-from-us-current-population-surveys
#13
Shu-Hong Zhu, Yue-Lin Zhuang, Shiushing Wong, Sharon E Cummins, Gary J Tedeschi
Objective To examine whether the increase in use of electronic cigarettes in the USA, which became noticeable around 2010 and increased dramatically by 2014, was associated with a change in overall smoking cessation rate at the population level.Design Population surveys with nationally representative samples.Setting Five of the US Current Population Survey-Tobacco Use Supplement (CPS-TUS) in 2001-02, 2003, 2006-07, 2010-11, and 2014-15.Participants Data on e-cigarette use were obtained from the total sample of the 2014-15 CPS-TUS (n=161 054)...
July 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741144/tobacco-use-and-smoke-exposure-in-children-new-trends-harm-and-strategies-to-improve-health-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Luv D Makadia, P Jervey Roper, Jeannette O Andrews, Martha S Tingen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Every day in the USA, approximately 4000 adolescents begin smoking and the adolescent brain is particularly susceptible to nicotine addiction. We present current pediatric trends on tobacco use and exposures, various new products used by adolescents, the adverse biological and behavioral effects of tobacco use and exposures, and tobacco control strategies to eliminate tobacco-related illnesses and deaths in the pediatric population. RECENT FINDINGS: Twelve-20% of women continue to smoke during pregnancy...
August 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738287/perceived-stress-and-poly-tobacco-product-use-across-adolescence-patterns-of-association-and-gender-differences
#15
Adam M Leventhal, Robert Urman, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Nicholas I Goldenson, Katia Gallegos, Chih Ping Chou, Kejia Wang, Kiros Berhane, Tess Boley Cruz, Mary Ann Pentz, Jennifer Unger, Rob S McConnell
Perceived stress-an endophenotype indicative of the tendency to appraise stress as frequent, unpredictable and unmanageable-is associated with adolescent cigarette smoking. It is unclear whether this association: (1) extends to alternative tobacco products, like electronic cigarettes and hookah (tobacco water pipe), which are increasingly popular among youth, and (2) differs by gender. In this report, data were drawn from a population-based longitudinal cohort of youth in Southern California. Perceived stress was assessed at baseline (7th or 8th grade; 2010)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737354/-do-electronic-cigarettes-increase-the-risk-of-smoking-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Sylvain Gautier, Shérazade Kinouani, Chantal Raherison
Introduction: Electronic cigarette use is significantly higher among 15-24-year-olds than in other age-groups. Electronic cigarettes, which may contain nicotine, could be a gateway to smoking initiation among young people. In this article, we reviewed the literature on smoking initiation or smoking enhancement by the use of e-cigarettes. Methods: We carried out a qualitative analysis in January 2016. We selected all longitudinal studies among adolescents or young adults using electronic cigarettes. Results: The analysis focused on 5 of the 544 articles identified, corresponding to five prospective observational studies...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735273/relationship-between-trying-an-electronic-cigarette-and-subsequent-cigarette-experimentation-in-scottish-adolescents-a-cohort-study
#17
Catherine Best, Farhana Haseen, Dorothy Currie, Gozde Ozakinci, Anne Marie MacKintosh, Martine Stead, Douglas Eadie, Andy MacGregor, Jamie Pearce, Amanda Amos, John Frank, Sally Haw
BACKGROUND: This study examines whether young never smokers in Scotland, UK, who have tried an e-cigarette are more likely than those who have not, to try a cigarette during the following year. METHODS: Prospective cohort survey conducted in four high schools in Scotland, UK during February/March 2015 (n=3807) with follow-up 1 year later. All pupils (age 11-18) were surveyed. Response rates were high in both years (87% in 2015) and 2680/3807 (70.4%) of the original cohort completed the follow-up survey...
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734255/use-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-public-and-private-settings-in-barcelona-spain
#18
Nuria Matilla-Santander, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Kailey Bunch, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Esteve Fernández, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of e-cigarette users who use them in selected indoor public and workplaces, and private venues in Barcelona (Spain) in 2015. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a sample of e-cigarette users (≥ 18 years) from Barcelona (n = 600). We calculated the proportion of e-cigarette users who used the device in public and private settings (in the last 30 days). We fit multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for sex and age to calculate the odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of e-cigarette use by socio-demographic factors, dual use and nicotine-containing e-cigarettes...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732318/the-experimental-tobacco-marketplace-ii-substitutability-and-sex-effects-in-dual-electronic-cigarette-and-conventional-cigarette-users
#19
Amanda J Quisenberry, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Leonard H Epstein, Warren K Bickel
AIM: The aim of the current study was to evaluate tobacco product purchasing in the Experimental: Tobacco Marketplace (ETM) among male and female smokers who also use e-cigarettes. We hypothesized a high substitution profile for e-cigarettes and that males would purchase more Snus than females. METHODS: The ETM is an online market used in clinical abuse liability research to mimic real-world purchasing patterns. Tobacco products, including each participant's usual choice of conventional and e-cigarettes, were presented along with a price and description of nicotine content...
July 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727531/minimum-age-of-sale-for-tobacco-products-and-electronic-cigarettes-ethical-acceptability-of-us-tobacco-21-laws
#20
Stephanie Rubino Morain, Janet Malek
Several US jurisdictions have recently passed laws that raise the minimum age of sale for tobacco products and electronic cigarettes to 21 years (Tobacco 21 laws). Although these laws have been demonstrated to be an effective means to reduce youth smoking initiation, their passage and potential expansion have provoked controversy. Critics have objected to these laws, claiming that they unduly intrude on individual freedom and that they irrationally and paternalistically restrict the freedom of those aged 18 to 20 years, who were previously able to legally purchase tobacco products...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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