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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139647/is-increased-facial-asymmetry-associated-with-the-use-of-hormonal-contraceptive-among-polish-young-women-in-wroclaw
#1
Slawomir Koziel, Raja Chakraborty, Dariusz Danel, Krzysztof Borysławski
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is the small random deviations from a perfect bilateral symmetry in a morphological trait. It is considered as an indicator of biological quality and developmental stability of individual. Adverse environmental conditions and high levels of sex steroids may increase FA. Symmetry in women was found to be related with phases of the menstrual cycles (MC). This cross sectional study aimed to compare facial symmetry between women using and not using hormonal contraceptives with reference to the phases of their fertile and non-fertile phases of MC...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136143/time-varying-cycle-average-and-daily-variation-in-ambient-air-pollution-and-fecundability
#2
Carrie J Nobles, Enrique F Schisterman, Sandie Ha, Germaine M Buck Louis, Seth Sherman, Pauline Mendola
STUDY QUESTION: Does ambient air pollution affect fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: While cycle-average air pollution exposure was not associated with fecundability, we observed some associations for acute exposure around ovulation and implantation with fecundability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Ambient air pollution exposure has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and decrements in semen quality. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The LIFE study (2005-2009), a prospective time-to-pregnancy study, enrolled 501 couples who were followed for up to one year of attempting pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134542/influence-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-compression-induced-pain-during-mammography-correlation-with-the-thickness-and-volume-of-the-mammary-gland
#3
Hitomi Kitaoka, Hiroko Kawashima
In mammography, breast compression is necessary and an important factor influencing image quality. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the menstrual cycle on compression-induced pain during mammography and to evaluate the association between the thickness and volume of the mammary gland and pain. We examined basal body temperature and categorized the menstrual cycle into five phases. We executed breast compression in the craniocaudal view using a customized compression plate, to which we introduced an opening...
November 13, 2017: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134301/prostaglandin-e2-receptor-ep1-in-healthy-and-diseased-human-endometrium
#4
Junyan Zhu, Doris Mayr, Christina Kuhn, Sven Mahner, Udo Jeschke, Viktoria von Schönfeldt
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is well described to be associated with both endometrial functions and disorders. The primary aim of this study was to explore the underlying mechanisms that affect the growth and function of endometrial epithelium and stroma by assessing the staining intensity of PGE2 receptors (EP) in healthy endometrium across the menstrual cycle and in pathological endometrium, such as ovarian endometriosis and endometrial cancer. We retrospectively analyzed the EPs staining intensity in human nonpregnant endometrium throughout the menstrual cycle by immunohistochemistry and further focused on EP1 (n = 42)...
November 13, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132173/premenstrual-syndrome-diagnosis-a-comparative-study-between-the-daily-record-of-severity-of-problems-drsp-and-the-premenstrual-symptoms-screening-tool-psst
#5
Aline Henz, Charles Francisco Ferreira, Carolina Leão Oderich, Carin Weirich Gallon, Juliana Rintondale Sodré de Castro, Maiara Conzatti, Marcelo Pio de Almeida Fleck, Maria Celeste Osório Wender
Objective To validate the premenstrual symptoms screening tool (PSST) in relation to the daily record of severity of problems (DRSP) for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) diagnoses. Methods A cross-sectional study with 127 women (20-45 years) with PMS complaints. The women were evaluated in terms of weight, height and body mass index (BMI). After using the primary care evaluation of mental disorders (PRIME-MD) questionnaire to exclude the diagnosis of depression, the PSST was completed and the women were instructed to fill out the DRSP for two consecutive menstrual cycles...
November 13, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132172/can-screening-and-confirmatory-testing-in-the-management-of-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism-be-improved
#6
Michael Stowasser, Ashraf Ahmed, Zeng Guo, Martin Wolley, Jacobus Ungerer, Brett McWhinney, Marko Poglitsch, Richard Gordon
Widespread application of the plasma aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) as a screening test has led to the recognition that primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common specifically treatable and potentially curable form of hypertension, accounting for 5-10% of patients. Maximal detection requires accurate diagnostic approaches and awareness and control of factors that confound results, including most antihypertensives, posture, time of day, dietary salt, and plasma potassium. Recent studies have revealed potential for false positives in patients on beta-adrenoceptor blockers, and, when direct renin concentration (but not plasma renin activity) is used to measure renin, in women during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle or receiving estrogen-containing contraceptives or hormonal replacement therapy...
November 13, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129624/women-s-preferences-for-men-s-beards-show-no-relation-to-their-ovarian-cycle-phase-and-sex-hormone-levels
#7
Barnaby J W Dixson, Anthony J Lee, Khandis R Blake, Grazyna Jasienska, Urszula M Marcinkowska
According to the ovulatory shift hypothesis, women's mate preferences for male morphology indicative of competitive ability, social dominance, and/or underlying health are strongest at the peri-ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle. However, recent meta-analyses are divided on the robustness of such effects and the validity of the often-used indirect estimates of fertility and ovulation has been called into question in methodological studies. In the current study, we test whether women's preferences for men's beardedness, a cue of male sexual maturity, androgenic development and social dominance, are stronger at the peri-ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle compared to during the early follicular or the luteal phase...
November 9, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125183/ovarian-surgery-for-symptom-relief-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Sam Lepine, Junyoung Jo, Mostafa Metwally, Ying C Cheong
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition, affecting approximately one in 10 women. PCOS is defined by two of three features: oligo- or anovulation, clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism or both, or polycystic ovaries.Women with PCOS can have a wide range of health problems, including infrequent and irregular periods, unwanted hair growth and acne, and subnormal fertility. Long-term health concerns include an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and the development of precancerous disease of the womb...
November 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124856/comparison-of-anthropometrical-parameters-and-dietary-habits-of-young-women-with-and-without-menstrual-disorders
#9
Karolina Łagowska, Daria Kazmierczak, Katarzyna Szymczak
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and dietary habits of young women, in order to explore their relationship with the menstrual cycle and to determine the proportion of women with menstrual cycle irregularities. METHODS: A total of 348 young women aged 15-25 years (19.7 ± 3.7 years) participated in the study and were assigned to a younger group (15-18 years; YG) or an older group (19-25 years; OG). Two subgroups were also distinguished: women with menstrual disorders (MD) and women with regular cycles (RC)...
November 10, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124543/determinants-of-prolactin-in-postmenopausal-chinese-women-in-singapore
#10
Tiffany A Katz, Anna H Wu, Frank Z Stanczyk, Renwei Wang, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Steffi Oesterreich, Lesley M Butler
PURPOSE: Mechanistic and observational data together support a role for prolactin in breast cancer development. Determinants of prolactin in Asian populations have not been meaningfully explored, despite the lower risk of breast cancer in Asian populations. METHODS: Determinants of plasma prolactin were evaluated in 442 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Singapore Chinese Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort study. At baseline all cohort members completed an in-person interview that elicited information on diet, menstrual and reproductive history, and lifestyle factors...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122541/the-simultaneous-measurement-of-serum-testosterone-and-5%C3%AE-dihydrotestosterone-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-gc-ms
#11
Frank Kannenberg, Manfred Fobker, Erhard Schulte, Grzegorz Pierściński, Reinhard Kelsch, Michael Zitzmann, Jerzy-Roch Nofer, Andreas N Schüring
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous measurement of testosterone (T) and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is important for diagnosing androgen deficiency states and hyperandrogenism in males and females, respectively. However, immunoassays used for T and DHT determination suffer from inadequate specificity and sensitivity, while tandem mass spectrometry is expensive and demanding in use. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed a selective gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method for parallel T and DHT measurement...
November 6, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121350/individualized-fsh-dosing-based-on-ovarian-reserve-testing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-a-multicentre-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#12
Theodora C van Tilborg, Simone C Oudshoorn, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Monique H Mochtar, Ron J T van Golde, Annemieke Hoek, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Kathrin Fleischer, Jan Peter de Bruin, Henk Groen, Madelon van Wely, Cornelis B Lambalk, Joop S E Laven, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a difference in live birth rate and/or cost-effectiveness between antral follicle count (AFC)-based individualized FSH dosing or standard FSH dosing in women starting IVF or ICSI treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: In women initiating IVF/ICSI, AFC-based individualized FSH dosing does not improve live birth rates or reduce costs as compared to a standard FSH dose. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In IVF or ICSI, ovarian reserve testing is often used to adjust the FSH dose in order to normalize ovarian response and optimize live birth rates...
November 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121269/individualized-versus-standard-fsh-dosing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-an-rct-part-2-the-predicted-hyper-responder
#13
Simone C Oudshoorn, Theodora C van Tilborg, Marinus J C Eijkemans, G Jur E Oosterhuis, Jaap Friederich, Marcel H A van Hooff, Evert J P van Santbrink, Egbert A Brinkhuis, Jesper M J Smeenk, Janet Kwee, Corry H de Koning, Henk Groen, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Does a reduced FSH dose in women with a predicted hyper response, apparent from a high antral follicle count (AFC), who are scheduled for IVF/ICSI lead to a different outcome with respect to cumulative live birth rate and safety? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although in women with a predicted hyper response (AFC > 15) undergoing IVF/ICSI a reduced FSH dose (100 IU per day) results in similar cumulative live birth rates and a lower occurrence of any grade of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) as compared to a standard dose (150 IU/day), a higher first cycle cancellation rate and similar severe OHSS rate were observed...
November 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121103/central-conduction-time-in-auditory-brainstem-response-and-ear-advantage-in-dichotic-listening-across-menstrual-cycle
#14
Xu-Jun Hu, Chi-Chuen Lau
The ovarian hormones fluctuate during the menstrual cycle in women. Such fluctuation of sex hormones, in particular estrogen, is believed to affect the central conduction time in auditory function as well as the language lateralization in cognitive function. However, findings are inconsistent. The underlying mechanisms are also unclear. This paper examined if there was any relation between the central conduction time and the language lateralization at different times during the menstrual cycle. Twenty young women with normal menstrual cycle were tested four times (5 to 7 days apart) across the menstrual cycle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120557/abdominal-wall-endometriosis-eleven-years-after-cesarean-section-case-report
#15
Ivka Djaković, Ante Vuković, Ivan Bolanča, Hrvojka Soljačić Vraneš, Krunoslav Kuna
Endometriosis is a common chronic disease characterized by growth of the endometrial gland and stroma outside the uterus. Symptoms affect physical, mental and social well-being. Extrapelvic location of endometriosis is very rare. Abdominal wall endometriosis occurs in 0.03%-2% of women with a previous cesarean section or other abdominopelvic operation. The leading symptoms are abdominal nodular mass, pain and cyclic symptomatology. The number of cesarean sections is increasing and so is the incidence of abdominal wall endometriosis as a potential complication of the procedure...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117032/a-preliminary-observational-study-of-anovulatory-uterine-bleeding-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#16
Suzanne M Brown, Susan W Fifield, Michael A Pizzi, David Alejos, Alexa N Richie, Tri A Dinh, William P Cheshire, Shon E Meek, William D Freeman
INTRODUCTION: It was observed that women with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) tended to have earlier menses than a typical 21- to 28-day cycle. The goal was to determine whether there is an association between aSAH and early onset of menses. METHODS: All cases of aSAH in women aged 18 to 55 years who were admitted to our facility's neuroscience intensive care unit from June 1, 2011, to June 30, 2012, were reviewed. The electronic healthcare record for each of these patients was examined for documentation of menses onset, computed tomography of the head, brain aneurysm characteristics, modified Fisher score and Glasgow Coma Scale on admission, presence/absence of vasospasm, medical/surgical history, and use of medications that affect the menstrual cycle...
December 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114554/perceived-health-discomfort-among-adolescent-girls-and-related-factors-in-an-urban-area-south-india
#17
Shabnam Omidvar, Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Mojgan Firouzbakht, Fatemeh Nasiri Amiri, Khyrunnisa Begum
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a period of life that is a bridge between childhood and adulthood. India has the world's largest adolescent girl's population, and adolescent girls are an important vulnerable group of population. Perceived health is a predictor of morbidity and mortality in adults and has been an important marker of the health status in population health studies for decades. The aim of the study was to describe adolescent's perception of health and association between some factors such as nutrition status, socioeconomic status (SES), and health status...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114553/compare-the-effect-of-flaxseed-evening-primrose-oil-and-vitamin-e-on-duration-of-periodic-breast-pain
#18
Farzaneh Jaafarnejad, Elham Adibmoghaddam, Seyyed Ahmad Emami, Azadeh Saki
BACKGROUND: Breast periodic pain is the most common disorder of the breast which leads to consultation with knowledgeable people like a midwife. The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic effect of flaxseed, evening primrose oil, and Vitamin E on the duration of the period of breast pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a quasi-randomized clinical trial conducted in 2015 on ninety patients complaining of breast periodic pain referring to Gynecologic Clinics of Ghaem Hospital or residents living in dormitories of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112593/age-related-changes-in-luteal-dynamics-preliminary-associations-with-antral-follicular-dynamics-and-hormone-production-during-the-human-menstrual-cycle
#19
Angela Baerwald, Heidi Vanden Brink, Caitlin Hunter, Denae Beuker, Hyun Lim, Chel Hee Lee, Donna Chizen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that the development of luteal phase dominant follicles (LPDFs) as women age is associated with abnormal luteal function. METHODS: Luteal and antral follicle diameter were quantified in ovulatory women of midreproductive age (MRA; 18-35 y; n = 9) and advanced reproductive age (ARA; 45-55 y; n = 16) every 1 to 3 days during one complete interovulatory interval. Blood was drawn at each visit and assayed for progesterone, estradiol, inhibin A, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone...
November 6, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110281/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-combination-with-low-calorie-diet-on-anthropometric-indices-and-androgen-hormones-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
S Jafari-Sfidvajani, R Ahangari, M Hozoori, H Mozaffari-Khosravi, H Fallahzadeh, A Nadjarzadeh
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known as the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive age women. The aim of this studywas to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation in combination with low-calorie diet on anthropometric indices, reproductive hormones and menstrual regularity in overweight and obese PCOS women. METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 60 PCOS women with vitamin D insufficiency were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of either (1) weight-loss intervention + 50,000 IU/week oral vitamin D3 or (2) weight-loss intervention + placebo...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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