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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827934/the-process-of-translation-and-linguistic-validation-of-the-functional-assessment-of-cancer-therapy-brain-quality-of-life-instrument-from-english-to-malayalam-the-challenges-faced
#1
Durgapoorna Menon, Chitra Venkateswaran
AIM: Both brain tumors and their treatments have a major negative impact on the quality of life (QoL). EORTC BN20 and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain (FACT-BR) are the most commonly used tools to assess QoL. The FACT-BR is a 23-item questionnaire, especially about the psychosocial aspects of QoL. This paper describes the challenges we faced during the process of translation and validation of the FACT-BR into Malayalam. METHODS: We first screened the patients to ensure their mental status was satisfactory and that they could communicate well in both languages...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826343/feasibility-testing-a-family-level-intervention-to-prevent-risky-sex-behaviors-among-middle-school-age-latinas
#2
Robin Bartlett, Thomas P McCoy, Allyson Kelley, Emily R Beamon, Tara Holmes, Terri Shelton, Debra Wallace
PURPOSE: In this article, we report a pilot study that tested the feasibility and initial efficacy of a culturally, linguistically, and developmentally tailored risky sex prevention intervention for middle school-age Latinas and their mothers. DESIGN: We used a one-group pre-test, post-test, and 3-month post-intervention follow-up design. Data were collected at three points on aspects of the girls' communication, beliefs, and behaviors. RESULTS: Promising results included improvements in girl's self-efficacy regarding condom communication and condom consistent use, and in mother-teen sexual risk communication...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826334/systematic-review-of-racial-ethnic-outcome-disparities-in-home-health-care
#3
Mary Curry Narayan, Katherine N Scafide
INTRODUCTION: Though extensive evidence demonstrates that U.S. minority patients suffer health care disparities, the incidence of disparities among the 3.3 million adult patients receiving skilled intermittent home health care services annually is unclear. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine the relationship of race/ethnicity on home health care patient outcomes. METHODOLOGY: PRISMA guidelines were used to perform a systematic search of the literature within the CINHAL, Medline, and Web of Science databases...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826321/landscape-complexity-in-the-caucasus-impedes-genetic-assimilation-of-human-populations-more-effectively-than-language-or-ethnicity
#4
David Tarkhnishvili, Alexander Gavashelishvili, Marine Murtskhvaladze, Ardashel Latsuzbaia
The analyses of 15 autosomal and 23 Y-chromosome DNA single-tandem-repeat loci in five rural populations from the Caucasus (four ethnically Georgian and one ethnically Armenian) indicated that two Georgian populations, one from the west and the other from the east of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, were both patrilineally and autosomally most differentiated from each other, and the other populations of Georgians and Armenians held an intermediate position between those two. This pattern may be due to human dispersal from two distinct glacial refugia in the last glacial period and the early Holocene, followed by less gene flow among the populations from the Greater Caucasus than among those from the rest of the Caucasus, where the populations have undergone substantial admixture in historical time...
October 2016: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826319/genetic-structure-of-first-nation-communities-in-the-pacific-northwest
#5
Cris E Hughes, Mary P Rogers, Amanda C Owings, Barbara Petzelt, Joycelynn Mitchell, Harold Harry, Theresa Williams, Dena Goldberg, Damian Labuda, David Glenn Smith, Jerome S Cybulski, Ripan S Malhi
This study presents genetic data for nine Native American populations from northern North America. Analyses of genetic variation focus on the Pacific Northwest (PNW). Using mitochondrial, Y chromosomal, and autosomal DNA variants, we aimed to more closely address the relationships of geography and language with present genetic diversity among the regional PNW Native American populations. Patterns of genetic diversity exhibited by the three genetic systems were consistent with our hypotheses: genetic variation was more strongly explained by geographic proximity than by linguistic structure...
October 2016: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826257/hpv-vaccine-recommendations-does-a-health-care-provider-s-gender-and-ethnicity-matter-to-unvaccinated-latina-college-women
#6
Natalie D Hernandez, Ellen M Daley, Lauren Young, Stephanie K Kolar, Christopher Wheldon, Cheryl A Vamos, Dexter Cooper
OBJECTIVES: There are disparities in the uptake of HPV vaccine among racial/ethnic minority women. The strongest predictor of HPV vaccine uptake among adult women is health care provider (HCP) recommendation; however, it is unclear how issues relating to race/ethnicity may mitigate these recommendations. Research shows that racial/ethnic and gender concordance between a patient and HCP can improve patient satisfaction, access and quality of care. If concordance contributes to improved patient-provider interactions, then it may be a factor in patient decisions regarding HPV vaccination...
August 22, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821674/how-auditory-experience-differentially-influences-the-function-of-left-and-right-superior-temporal-cortices
#7
Tae Twomey, Dafydd Waters, Cathy J Price, Samuel Evans, Mairéad MacSweeney
To investigate how hearing status, sign language experience and task demands influence functional responses in the human superior temporal cortices (STC) we collected fMRI data from deaf and hearing participants (male and female), who either acquired sign language early or late in life. Our stimuli in all tasks were pictures of objects. We varied the linguistic and visuospatial processing demands in three different tasks that involved decisions about (1) the sublexical (phonological) structure of the British Sign Language (BSL) signs for the objects; (2) the semantic category of the objects; and (3) the physical features of the objects...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821540/investigating-undergraduate-students-use-of-intuitive-reasoning-and-evolutionary-knowledge-in-explanations-of-antibiotic-resistance
#8
Melissa Richard, John D Coley, Kimberly D Tanner
Natural selection is a central concept throughout biology; however, it is a process frequently misunderstood. Bacterial resistance to antibiotic medications provides a contextual example of the relevance of evolutionary theory and is also commonly misunderstood. While research has shed light on student misconceptions of natural selection, minimal study has focused on misconceptions of antibiotic resistance. Additionally, research has focused on the degree to which misconceptions may be based in the complexity of biological information or in pedagogical choices, rather than in deep-seated cognitive patterns...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821018/a-cross-language-study-of-acoustic-predictors-of-speech-intelligibility-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Yunjung Kim, Yaelin Choi
Purpose: The present study aimed to compare acoustic models of speech intelligibility in individuals with the same disease (Parkinson's disease [PD]) and presumably similar underlying neuropathologies but with different native languages (American English [AE] and Korean). Method: A total of 48 speakers from the 4 speaker groups (AE speakers with PD, Korean speakers with PD, healthy English speakers, and healthy Korean speakers) were asked to read a paragraph in their native languages...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819349/the-anexo-in-northern-california-an-alcoholics-anonymous-based-recovery-residence-in-latino-communities
#10
Victor Garcia, Anna Pagano, Carlos Recarte, Juliet P Lee
Our ethnographic study on help-seeking pathways of Latino immigrants in northern California reveals that they turn to anexos in their treatment and recovery quest. Anexos are linguistically- and culturally-specific recovery houses with origins in Mexico and Alcoholics Anonymous and a long history in Latino communities across the United States. Drawing on the findings of our study, we characterize the anexos and compare them to other recovery residences using National Alliance for Recovery Residences (NARR) criteria...
2017: Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818696/cortical-networks-for-reference-frame-processing-are-shared-by-language-and-spatial-navigation-systems
#11
Nikola Vukovic, Yury Shtyrov
To help us live in the three-dimensional world, our brain integrates incoming spatial information into reference frames, which are based either on our own body (egocentric) or independent from it (allocentric). Such frames, however, may be crucial not only when interacting with the visual world, but also in language comprehension, since even the simplest utterance can be understood from different perspectives. While significant progress has been made in elucidating how linguistic factors, such as pronouns, influence reference frame adoption, the neural underpinnings of this ability are largely unknown...
August 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818676/the-importance-of-parental-verbal-and-embodied-mentalizing-in-shaping-parental-experiences-of-stress-and-coparenting
#12
Dana Shai, Daphna Dollberg, Ohad Szepsenwol
Parental mentalizing-recognizing that children are separate psychological entities, who have their own thoughts, wishes, and intentions that motivate their behaviors-is traditionally considered a verbal, linguistic capacity. This paper aimed to examine the relation between parental verbal mentalizing (parental reflective function; PRF) and its nonverbal form-parental embodied mentalizing (PEM)-and how both constructs contribute to parents' subjective experience of parenting, namely parental stress and coparental alliance...
August 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818249/health-literacy-cancer-prevention-strategies-for-early-adults
#13
Robert A Simmons, Susan C Cosgrove, Martha C Romney, James D Plumb, Rickie O Brawer, Evelyn T Gonzalez, Linda G Fleisher, Bradley S Moore
Health literacy, the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand health information and services needed to make health decisions, is an essential element for early adults (aged 18-44 years) to make informed decisions about cancer. Low health literacy is one of the social determinants of health associated with cancer-related disparities. Over the past several years, a nonprofit organization, a university, and a cancer center in a major urban environment have developed and implemented health literacy programs within healthcare systems and in the community...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817655/assessing-experience-in-the-deliberate-practice-of-running-using-a-fuzzy-decision-support-system
#14
Maria Isabel Roveri, Edison de Jesus Manoel, Andrea Naomi Onodera, Neli R S Ortega, Vitor Daniel Tessutti, Emerson Vilela, Nelson Evêncio, Isabel C N Sacco
The judgement of skill experience and its levels is ambiguous though it is crucial for decision-making in sport sciences studies. We developed a fuzzy decision support system to classify experience of non-elite distance runners. Two Mamdani subsystems were developed based on expert running coaches' knowledge. In the first subsystem, the linguistic variables of training frequency and volume were combined and the output defined the quality of running practice. The second subsystem yielded the level of running experience from the combination of the first subsystem output with the number of competitions and practice time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816206/measurement-properties-of-the-chinese-weinstein-noise-sensitivity-scale
#15
Daniel Y T Fong, Naomi Takemura, Pui-Hing Chau, Sarah L Y Wan, Janet Y H Wong
CONTEXT: Noise sensitivity may mediate or moderate the influences of noise exposure on health, and it needs to be reliably evaluated. The 21-item Weinstein's noise sensitivity scale (WNSS) has been the most popular scale for assessing noise sensitivity, but it is not yet available in traditional Chinese. AIMS: This study aimed to conduct linguistic and psychometric performance of WNSS in Hong Kong (HK) Chinese. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A population-based telephone survey with 1-week follow-up...
July 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815262/semantic-and-phonological-encoding-in-adults-who-stutter-silent-responses-to-pictorial-stimuli
#16
Irena Vincent
Purpose: Research on language planning in adult stuttering is relatively sparse and offers diverging arguments about a potential causative relationship between semantic and phonological encoding and fluency breakdowns. This study further investigated semantic and phonological encoding efficiency in adults who stutter (AWS) by means of silent category and phoneme identification, respectively. Method: Fifteen AWS and 15 age- and sex-matched adults who do not stutter (ANS) participated...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813074/oral-narrative-of-individuals-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#17
Giulia Ganthous, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Célia Maria Giacheti
Purpose: To investigate and compare the oral narrative of individuals with FASD and individuals with typical language development (TLD), as well as to correlate the narrative performance with the score from 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Methods: Participants were 20 individuals with FASD, of both genders, with chronological age between 6 and 16 years, and 20 individuals with TLD, same gender and similar to the FASD group in age and socioeconomic status. The oral narrative was elicited using the book Frog, where are you? and the data were analyzed in terms of macrostructure, microstructure and global coherence level...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813071/content-validation-clarity-relevance-reliability-and-internal-consistency-of-enunciative-signs-of-language-acquisition
#18
Anelise Henrich Crestani, Anaelena Bragança de Moraes, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To analyze the results of the validation of building enunciative signs of language acquisition for children aged 3 to 12 months. Methods: The signs were built based on mechanisms of language acquisition in an enunciative perspective and on clinical experience with language disorders. The signs were submitted to judgment of clarity and relevance by a sample of six experts, doctors in linguistic in with knowledge of psycholinguistics and language clinic. In the validation of reliability, two judges/evaluators helped to implement the instruments in videos of 20% of the total sample of mother-infant dyads using the inter-evaluator method...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813068/cultural-adaptation-of-the-short-self-regulation-questionnaire-suggestions-for-the-speech-area
#19
Anna Alice Almeida, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To present the translated and linguistic and culturally adapted version of the Short self-regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ) for the Brazilian Portuguese and to check its applicability to patients with dysphonia. Methods: The SSRQ is a tool used to evaluate the ability to self-regulate behavior; it has 31 items and generates three scores: total index of individual self-regulation capacity and partial scores for goal setting and impulse control. Each item should be scored by means of a Likert-type 5-point scale; the total score ranges from 29 to 145 points...
August 14, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812368/how-psychiatrists-recommend-treatment-and-its-relationship-with-patient-uptake
#20
Laura Thompson, Rose McCabe
Consultations for patients with chronic mental health conditions are conceived as meetings of experts: medical and experiential, respectively. Treatment decisions, in these terms, become a joint responsibility rather than handed down ex-cathedra. One resource for constituting decisions as 'shared' is the treatment recommendation - decisional authority can be invoked through its design. There is concern that people diagnosed with schizophrenia are infrequently involved in treatment decisions. However, the methods psychiatrists actually employ remain undefined...
August 16, 2017: Health Communication
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