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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653278/psychometric-validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-camberwell-assessment-of-need-for-the-elderly-cane-k-in-dementia
#1
Myonghwa Park, Sun Kyung Kim, Miri Jeong, Song Ja Lee, Seon Hwa Kim, Jinha Kim, Dong Young Lee
PURPOSE: The prevalence of dementia has increased rapidly with an aging Korean population. Compared to those without dementia, individuals with dementia have more and complex needs. In this study, the Korean version of the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly (CANE-K) was evaluated to determine its suitability for individuals with dementia in Korea. METHODS: The CANE-K was developed following linguistic validation. The reliability of the measurement was examined with Cronbach's alpha coefficient...
April 10, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652868/nature-disaster-risk-evaluation-with-a-group-decision-making-method-based-on-incomplete-hesitant-fuzzy-linguistic-preference-relations
#2
Ming Tang, Huchang Liao, Zongmin Li, Zeshui Xu
Because the natural disaster system is a very comprehensive and large system, the disaster reduction scheme must rely on risk analysis. Experts' knowledge and experiences play a critical role in disaster risk assessment. The hesitant fuzzy linguistic preference relation is an effective tool to express experts' preference information when comparing pairwise alternatives. Owing to the lack of knowledge or a heavy workload, information may be missed in the hesitant fuzzy linguistic preference relation. Thus, an incomplete hesitant fuzzy linguistic preference relation is constructed...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651761/computer-based-readability-testing-of-information-booklets-for-german-cancer-patients
#3
Christian Keinki, Richard Zowalla, Monika Pobiruchin, Jutta Huebner, Martin Wiesner
Understandable health information is essential for treatment adherence and improved health outcomes. For readability testing, several instruments analyze the complexity of sentence structures, e.g., Flesch-Reading Ease (FRE) or Vienna-Formula (WSTF). Moreover, the vocabulary is of high relevance for readers. The aim of this study is to investigate the agreement of sentence structure and vocabulary-based (SVM) instruments. A total of 52 freely available German patient information booklets on cancer were collected from the Internet...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651687/a-failure-to-replicate-rapid-syntactic-adaptation-in-comprehension
#4
Caoimhe M Harrington Stack, Ariel N James, Duane G Watson
Language comprehension requires successfully navigating linguistic variability. One hypothesis for how listeners manage variability is that they rapidly update their expectations of likely linguistic events in new contexts. This process, called adaptation, allows listeners to better predict the upcoming linguistic input. In previous work, Fine, Jaeger, Farmer, and Qian (PLoS ONE, 8, e77661, 2013) found evidence for syntactic adaptation. Subjects repeatedly encountered sentences in which a verb was temporarily ambiguous between main verb (MV) and reduced relative clause (RC) interpretations...
April 12, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651588/smoking-among-chinese-livery-drivers
#5
Jennifer C Leng, Lei Lei, Shu Fang Lei, Zhiying Zhu, Nancy Mo, Brian Sou, Imran Mujawar, Francesca Gany
We aimed to assess a key risk factor for lung cancer, smoking, in a vulnerable group, Chinese livery drivers in New York City (NYC). This is a nested cohort study conducted in the summer/fall of 2014 within a larger NIMHD-funded R24 program, the Taxi Network. The Taxi Network Needs Assessment (TNNA) survey was administered to a broad demographic of drivers. This study reports on the TNNA survey smoking-related results among NYC Chinese livery drivers. 97 drivers participated. Mean age was 44.7 years, 2.1% were English proficient, and 23...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648872/the-misinterpretation-of-noncanonical-sentences-revisited
#6
Markus Bader, Michael Meng
Most current models of sentence comprehension assume that the human parsing mechanism (HPM) algorithmically computes detailed syntactic representations as basis for extracting sentence meaning. These models share the assumption that the representations computed by the HPM accurately reflect the linguistic input. This assumption has been challenged by Ferreira (2003), who showed that comprehenders sometimes misinterpret unambiguous sentences in which subject and object appear in noncanonical order, such as passives or object-clefts...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627484/subject-preference-emerges-as-cross-modal-strategy-for-linguistic-processing
#7
Julia Krebs, Evie Malaia, Ronnie B Wilbur, Dietmar Roehm
Research on spoken languages has identified a "subject preference" processing strategy for tackling input that is syntactically ambiguous as to whether a sentence-initial NP is a subject or object. The present study documents that the "subject preference" strategy is also seen in the processing of a sign language, supporting the hypothesis that the "subject"-first is universal and not dependent on the language modality (spoken vs. signed). Deaf signers of Austrian Sign Language (ÖGS) were shown videos of locally ambiguous signed sentences in SOV and OSV word orders...
April 5, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626755/infants-use-linguistic-group-distinctions-to-chunk-items-in-memory
#8
Aimee E Stahl, Lisa Feigenson
Although the capacity of infants' working memory is highly constrained, infants can overcome this limit via chunking; for example, they can use spatial cues to group individual objects into sets, thereby increasing memory efficiency. Here we investigated the use of abstract social knowledge as a basis for chunking. In four experiments, we asked whether 16-month-olds can use their sensitivity to distinctions between languages to efficiently chunk an array. Infants saw four identical dolls hidden in a box. Without chunking cues, infants in previous experiments fail to remember this number of items in such arrays...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625860/-the-confusion-assessment-method-transcultural-adaptation-of-a-french-version
#9
V Antoine, J Belmin, H Blain, S Bonin-Guillaume, L Goldsmith, O Guerin, M-J Kergoat, P Landais, R Mahmoudi, J A Morais, P Rataboul, A Saber, S Sirvain, G Wolfklein, B de Wazieres
INTRODUCTION: The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a validated key tool in clinical practice and research programs to diagnose delirium and assess its severity. There is no validated French version of the CAM training manual and coding guide (Inouye SK). The aim of this study was to establish a consensual French version of the CAM and its manual. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation to achieve equivalence between the original version and a French adapted version of the CAM manual...
April 3, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625804/-use-of-the-2d-4d-digit-ratio-as-a-biological-marker-of-specific-language-disorders
#10
Antònia Font-Jordà, Antoni Gamundí, María Cristina Nicolau Llobera, Eva Aguilar-Mediavilla
INTRODUCTION: The finding of biological markers of specific language impairment would facilitate their detection and early intervention. In this sense, the 2D:4D finger ratio is considered an indirect indicator of prenatal exposure to testosterone. Previous studies have related it to linguistic competence and aggressive behaviour, and could be a candidate for a biological marker of language impairment. The aim was to compare the value of the 2D:4D ratio in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) with those of children with typical language development, as well as to establish to what extent this biological index correlates with the behaviour (linguistic, cognitive, social,...
April 3, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625749/real-time-coordination-of-visual-and-linguistic-processes-in-novice-readers
#11
Yi Ting Huang
Skilled reading requires coordinating real-time visual fixations, orthographic analyses, and phonological encoding across multiple words in sentences. These procedures are well studied in experienced readers, but less is known about their status during development. To investigate how visual properties influence the origins of coordinated processing, the current study combined rapid automatized naming (RAN) with an eye-tracking paradigm and compared the timing of fixations and vocalizations in typically developing adults and 6-year-old children...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625435/the-impact-of-individual-differences-on-a-bilingual-vocabulary-approach-for-latino-preschoolers
#12
Lucía I Méndez, Elizabeth R Crais, Kirsten Kainz
Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: First, we replicated in a new sample our previous findings that a culturally and linguistically responsive (CLR) bilingual approach for English vocabulary instruction for preschool Latino dual language learners was effective. Subsequently, we investigated whether the positive effect of CLR instruction varies as a function of individual child characteristics, including baseline vocabulary levels and gender. Method: Using a randomized pretest-posttest follow-up group design, we first replicated our previous study (N = 42) with a new sample by randomly assigning 35 Spanish-speaking Latino preschoolers to a CLR bilingual group or an English-only group...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625430/grammatical-abilities-in-young-cochlear-implant-recipients-and-children-with-normal-hearing-matched-by-vocabulary-size
#13
Jongmin Jung, David J Ertmer
Purpose: This study sought to expand understanding of the impact of cochlear implantation on grammatical acquisition by comparing young children who have vocabularies of comparable size. Two research questions were investigated: (a) Do young cochlear implant (CI) recipients have grammatical skills comparable to those of children with normal hearing (NH) matched by spoken vocabulary size? (b) Do these groups show associations between vocabulary size and grammatical measures? Method: The participants included 13 CI recipients at 24 months postactivation (chronological ages = 33-60 months; M = 44...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624725/narratives-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-traumatic-injury-markers-of-ongoing-depressive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#14
Jordan A Booker, Matthew E Graci, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Robyn Fivush, Jennifer Stevens
In this study, we considered connections between the content of immediate trauma narratives and longitudinal trajectories of negative symptoms to address questions about the timing and predictive value of collected trauma narratives. Participants (N = 68) were individuals who were admitted to the emergency department of a metropolitan hospital and provided narrative recollections of the traumatic event that brought them into the hospital that day. They were then assessed at intervals over the next 12 months for depressive and posttraumatic symptom severity...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623841/changes-in-speech-chunking-in-reading-aloud-is-a-marker-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-to-moderate-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Celine De Looze, Finnian Kelly, Lisa Crosby, Aisling Vourdanou, Robert F Coen, Cathal Walsh, Brian A Lawlor, Richard B Reilly
BACKGROUND: Speech and language impairments, generally attributed to lexico-semantic deficits, have been documented in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigates the temporal organisation of speech (reflective of speech production planning) in reading aloud in relation to cognitive impairment, particularly working memory and attention deficits in MCI and AD. The discriminative ability of temporal features extracted from a newly designed read speech task is also evaluated for the detection of MCI and AD...
April 4, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623531/initial-evaluation-of-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-culturally-adapted-spanish-casun-s-casun
#16
Dinorah Martinez Tyson, Patricia Medina-Ramirez, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Clement K Gwede, Margarita Bobonis Babilonia, Susan C McMillan
PURPOSE: There is a dearth of knowledge and limited research on the needs of Hispanic male cancer survivors (HMCSs). There is a clear need for the development of culturally and linguistically adapted needs assessment tools that are valid and reliable for use among the growing HMCS population. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to describe the field testing and psychometric evaluation of the translated and culturally adapted Spanish Cancer Survivor Unmet Needs Measure (S-CaSUN). METHODS: Hispanic male cancer survivors (n = 84) completed the Spanish CaSUN (S-CaSUN), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General Population (FACT-GP)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622054/do-children-go-for-the-nice-guys-the-influence-of-speaker-benevolence-and-certainty-on-selective-word-learning
#17
Myrthe Bergstra, Hannah N M DE Mulder, Peter Coopmans
This study investigated how speaker certainty (a rational cue) and speaker benevolence (an emotional cue) influence children's willingness to learn words in a selective learning paradigm. In two experiments four- to six-year-olds learnt novel labels from two speakers and, after a week, their memory for these labels was reassessed. Results demonstrated that children retained the label-object pairings for at least a week. Furthermore, children preferred to learn from certain over uncertain speakers, but they had no significant preference for nice over nasty speakers...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621945/empathy-intervention-to-reduce-implicit-bias-in-pre-service-teachers
#18
Denise K Whitford, Andrea M Emerson
There have been long-term concerns regarding discriminatory discipline practices used with culturally and linguistically diverse students, with little research on the impact teacher-centered empathy interventions may have on this population. This randomized pretest-posttest control group design investigates the ability of a brief empathy-inducing intervention to improve the implicit bias of pre-service teachers, as measured by the Implicit Association Test. We found the empathy intervention statistically significant at decreasing the implicit bias of White female pre-service teachers toward Black individuals ( F = 7...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621806/understanding-disorder-within-variation-production-of-english-grammatical-forms-by-english-language-learners
#19
Lisa M Bedore, Elizabeth D Peña, Jissel B Anaya, Ricardo Nieto, Mirza J Lugo-Neris, Alisa Baron
Purpose: This study examines English performance on a set of 11 grammatical forms in Spanish-English bilingual, school-age children in order to understand how item difficulty of grammatical constructions helps correctly classify language impairment (LI) from expected variability in second language acquisition when taking into account linguistic experience and exposure. Method: Three hundred seventy-eight children's scores on the Bilingual English-Spanish Assessment-Middle Extension (Peña, Bedore, Gutiérrez-Clellen, Iglesias, & Goldstein, 2008) morphosyntax cloze task were analyzed by bilingual experience groups (high Spanish experience, balanced English-Spanish experience, high English experience, ability (typically developing [TD] vs...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621801/prologue-toward-accurate-identification-of-developmental-language-disorder-within-linguistically-diverse-schools
#20
Janna B Oetting
Purpose: Although the 5 studies presented within this clinical forum include children who differ widely in locality, language learning profile, and age, all were motivated by a desire to improve the accuracy at which developmental language disorder is identified within linguistically diverse schools. The purpose of this prologue is to introduce the readers to a conceptual framework that unites the studies while also highlighting the approaches and methods each research team is pursuing to improve assessment outcomes within their respective linguistically diverse community...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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