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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240907/primary-care-for-refugees-and-newly-arrived-migrants-in-europe-a-qualitative-study-on-health-needs-barriers-and-wishes
#1
Tessa van Loenen, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Marrigje Hofmeester, Christopher Dowrick, Nadja van Ginneken, Enkeleint Aggelos Mechili, Agapi Angelaki, Dean Ajdukovic, Helena Bakic, Danica Rotar Pavlic, Erika Zelko, Kathryn Hoffmann, Elena Jirovsky, Elisabeth Sophie Mayrhuber, Michel Dückers, Trudy Mooren, Juul Gouweloos-Trines, László Kolozsvári, Imre Rurik, Christos Lionis
Background: In order to provide effective primary care for refugees and to develop interventions tailored to them, we must know their needs. Little is known of the health needs and experiences of recently arrived refugees and other migrants throughout their journey through Europe. We aimed to gain insight into their health needs, barriers in access and wishes regarding primary health care. Methods: In the spring of 2016, we conducted a qualitative, comparative case study in seven EU countries in a centre of first arrival, two transit centres, two intermediate-stay centres and two longer-stay centres using a Participatory Learning and Action research methodology...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240549/interpreter-mediated-cognitive-assessments-who-wins-and-who-loses
#2
Betty Haralambous, Jean Tinney, Dina LoGiudice, Sook Meng Lee, Xiaoping Lin
OBJECTIVES: The number of people with dementia from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds is increasing dramatically in Australia. Accurate cognitive assessments of people from CALD backgrounds can be achieved with the use of skilled interpreters. This study aimed to explore the experience of interpreter-mediated assessments from the perspectives of clinicians, interpreters and carers. METHODS: Consultations with interpreters, clinicians and carers were conducted through individual interviews and focus groups...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238318/auditory-perceptual-abilities-are-associated-with-specific-auditory-experience
#3
Yael Zaltz, Eitan Globerson, Noam Amir
The extent to which auditory experience can shape general auditory perceptual abilities is still under constant debate. Some studies show that specific auditory expertise may have a general effect on auditory perceptual abilities, while others show a more limited influence, exhibited only in a relatively narrow range associated with the area of expertise. The current study addresses this issue by examining experience-dependent enhancement in perceptual abilities in the auditory domain. Three experiments were performed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238116/a-schutzian-analysis-of-prayer-with-perspectives-from-linguistic-philosophy
#4
K Hoshikawa, M Staudigl
In this paper, we propose to analyze the phenomenon of Christian prayer by way of combining two different analytical frameworks. We start by applying Schutz's theories of "intersubjectivity," "inner time," "politheticality," and "multiple realities," and then proceed by drawing on the ideas and insights of linguistic philosophers, notably, Wittgenstein's "language-game," Austin's "speech act," and Evans's "logic of self-involvement". In conjoining these accounts, we wish to demonstrate how their combination sheds new light on understanding the phenomenon of prayer...
2017: Human Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236908/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-aguado-syntax-test-ast-into-brazilian-portuguese
#5
Gustavo Inheta Baggio, Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage
PURPOSE: To perform the translation and cultural adaptation of the Aguado Syntax Test (AST) into Brazilian Portuguese considering the linguistic and cultural reality of the language. METHODS: The AST assesses the early morphosyntactic development in children aged 3 to 7 in terms of understanding and expression of various types of structures such as sentences, pronouns, verbal voices, comparisons, prepositions and verbal desinence as to number, mode and tense. The process of translation and cultural adaptation followed four steps: 1) preparation of two translations; 2) synthesis of consensual translations; 3) backtranslation; and 4) verification of equivalence between the initial translations and backtranslations that resulted in the final translated version...
December 7, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236269/the-value-of-assr-threshold-based-bilateral-hearing-aid-fitting-in-children-with-difficult-or-unreliable-behavioral-audiometry
#6
Petros V Vlastarakos, Alexandra Vasileiou, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
We conducted an analysis to assess the relative contribution of auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) testing in providing appropriate hearing aid fitting in hearing-impaired children with difficult or unreliable behavioral audiometry. Of 150 infants and children who had been referred to us for hearing assessment as part of a neonatal hearing screening and cochlear implantation program, we identified 5 who exhibited significant discrepancies between click-ABR and ASSR testing results and difficult or unreliable behavioral audiometry...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236071/the-multi-attribute-group-decision-making-method-based-on-interval-grey-trapezoid-fuzzy-linguistic-variables
#7
Kedong Yin, Pengyu Wang, Xuemei Li
With respect to multi-attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) problems, where attribute values take the form of interval grey trapezoid fuzzy linguistic variables (IGTFLVs) and the weights (including expert and attribute weight) are unknown, improved grey relational MAGDM methods are proposed. First, the concept of IGTFLV, the operational rules, the distance between IGTFLVs, and the projection formula between the two IGTFLV vectors are defined. Second, the expert weights are determined by using the maximum proximity method based on the projection values between the IGTFLV vectors...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235916/harvesting-social-signals-to-inform-peace-processes-implementation-and-monitoring
#8
Aastha Nigam, Henry K Dambanemuya, Madhav Joshi, Nitesh V Chawla
Peace processes are complex, protracted, and contentious involving significant bargaining and compromising among various societal and political stakeholders. In civil war terminations, it is pertinent to measure the pulse of the nation to ensure that the peace process is responsive to citizens' concerns. Social media yields tremendous power as a tool for dialogue, debate, organization, and mobilization, thereby adding more complexity to the peace process. Using Colombia's final peace agreement and national referendum as a case study, we investigate the influence of two important indicators: intergroup polarization and public sentiment toward the peace process...
December 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235071/computationally-constructing-a-repository-of-compound-remote-associates-test-items-in-american-english-with-comrat-g
#9
Ana-Maria Olteţeanu, Holger Schultheis, Jonathan B Dyer
The Remote Associates Test (RAT) has been used to measure creativity, however few repositories or standardizations of test items exist, like the normative data on 144 items provided by Bowden and Jung-Beeman. comRAT is a computational solver which has been used to solve the compound RAT in linguistic and visual forms, showing correlation to human performance over the normative data provided by Bowden and Jung-Beeman. This paper describes using a variant of comRAT, comRAT-G, to generate and construct a repository of compound RAT items for use in the cognitive psychology and cognitive modeling community...
December 12, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234095/enclaves-of-genetic-diversity-resisted-inca-impacts-on-population-history
#10
Chiara Barbieri, José R Sandoval, Jairo Valqui, Aviva Shimelman, Stefan Ziemendorff, Roland Schröder, Maria Geppert, Lutz Roewer, Russell Gray, Mark Stoneking, Ricardo Fujita, Paul Heggarty
The Inca Empire is claimed to have driven massive population movements in western South America, and to have spread Quechua, the most widely-spoken language family of the indigenous Americas. A test-case is the Chachapoyas region of northern Peru, reported as a focal point of Inca population displacements. Chachapoyas also spans the environmental, cultural and demographic divides between Amazonia and the Andes, and stands along the lowest-altitude corridor from the rainforest to the Pacific coast. Following a sampling strategy informed by linguistic data, we collected 119 samples, analysed for full mtDNA genomes and Y-chromosome STRs...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232649/multi-hypothesis-tracking-of-the-tongue-surface-in-ultrasound-video-recordings-of-normal-and-impaired-speech
#11
Catherine Laporte, Lucie Ménard
Characterizing tongue shape and motion, as they appear in real-time ultrasound (US) images, is of interest to the study of healthy and impaired speech production. Quantitative anlaysis of tongue shape and motion requires that the tongue surface be extracted in each frame of US speech recordings. While the literature proposes several automated methods for this purpose, these either require large or very well matched training sets, or lack robustness in the presence of rapid tongue motion. This paper presents a new robust method for tongue tracking in US images that combines simple tongue shape and motion models derived from a small training data set with a highly flexible active contour (snake) representation and maintains multiple possible hypotheses as to the correct tongue contour via a particle filtering algorithm...
December 5, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232622/cognitive-mechanisms-underlying-third-graders-arithmetic-skills-expanding-the-pathways-to-mathematics-model
#12
Ulf Träff, Linda Olsson, Kenny Skagerlund, Rickard Östergren
A modified pathways to mathematics model was used to examine the cognitive mechanisms underlying arithmetic skills in third graders. A total of 269 children were assessed on tasks tapping the four pathways and arithmetic skills. A path analysis showed that symbolic number processing was directly supported by the linguistic and approximate quantitative pathways. The direct contribution from the four pathways to arithmetic proficiency varied; the linguistic pathway supported single-digit arithmetic and word problem solving, whereas the approximate quantitative pathway supported only multi-digit calculation...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232596/distinguishing-languages-from-dialects-a-litmus-test-using-the-picture-word-interference-task
#13
Alissa Melinger
Linguists have been working to develop objective criteria for distinguishing languages from dialects for well over half a century. The prevailing view amongst sociolinguists is that no objective criteria can be formulated. The aim of this study is to examine whether language processing can provide insights into this problem by comparing bidialectal behavioural effects to bilingual effects reported in the literature. Previous research has demonstrated that when bilinguals name an object in Lx while simultaneously processing a translation equivalent distractor word in Ly, naming times are sped up relative to an unrelated condition (Costa, Miozzo, & Caramazza, 1999)...
December 9, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231887/real-time-monitoring-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-using-wrist-worn-heart-rate-devices
#14
Javier Medina Quero, María Rosa Fernández Olmo, María Dolores Peláez Aguilera, Macarena Espinilla Estévez
Cardiac rehabilitation is a key program which significantly reduces the mortality in at-risk patients with ischemic heart disease; however, there is a lack of accessibility to these programs in health centers. To resolve this issue, home-based programs for cardiac rehabilitation have arisen as a potential solution. In this work, we present an approach based on a new generation of wrist-worn devices which have improved the quality of heart rate sensors and applications. Real-time monitoring of rehabilitation sessions based on high-quality clinical guidelines is embedded in a wearable application...
December 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231329/-definition-of-ashi-point-from-the-view-of-linguistics
#15
Shan Jiang, Jingsheng Zhao
The definition of ashi point has not been unified yet till now. Likewise, the precise explanation on its connotation has always been an elusive question in acupuncture theory. By collecting diverse definitions on ashi point in the textbooks of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, dictionaries and term standards, several rational elements in definitions with consensus were screened. With the assistance of two important theories of cognitive linguistics, such as figure-ground theory and distance iconicity theory, the concept of ashi point was newly defined...
January 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230911/social-dimensions-of-health-across-the-life-course-narratives-of-arab-immigrant-women-ageing-in-canada
#16
Jordana Salma, Norah Keating, Linda Ogilvie, Kathleen F Hunter
The increase in ethnically and linguistically diverse older adults in Canada necessitates attention to their experiences and needs for healthy ageing. Arab immigrant women often report challenges in maintaining health, but little is known about their ageing experiences. This interpretive descriptive study uses a transnational life course framework to understand Arab Muslim immigrant women's experiences of engaging in health-promoting practices as they age in Canada. Women's stories highlight social dimensions of health such social connectedness, social roles and social support that are constructed and maintained within different migration contexts across the life course...
December 12, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228271/litpathexplorer-a-confidence-based-visual-text-analytics-tool-for-exploring-literature-enriched-pathway-models
#17
Axel J Soto, Chrysoula Zerva, Riza Batista-Navarro, Sophia Ananiadou
Motivation: Pathway models are valuable resources that help us understand the various mechanisms underpinning complex biological processes. Their curation is typically carried out through manual inspection of published scientific literature to find information relevant to a model, which is a laborious and knowledge-intensive task. Furthermore, models curated manually cannot be easily updated and maintained with new evidence extracted from the literature without automated support. Results: We have developed LitPathExplorer, a visual text analytics tool that integrates advanced text mining, semi-supervised learning and interactive visualization, to facilitate the exploration and analysis of pathway models using statements (i...
December 8, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227852/relationships-between-early-literacy-and-nonlinguistic-rhythmic-processes-in-kindergarteners
#18
Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Maryanne Wolf, Aniruddh D Patel
A growing number of studies report links between nonlinguistic rhythmic abilities and certain linguistic abilities, particularly phonological skills. The current study investigated the relationship between nonlinguistic rhythmic processing, phonological abilities, and early literacy abilities in kindergarteners. A distinctive aspect of the current work was the exploration of whether processing of different types of rhythmic patterns is differentially related to kindergarteners' phonological and reading-related abilities...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227237/sexual-orientation-self-concept-ambiguity-and-alcohol-use-disorder-symptomology-the-roles-of-motivated-psychological-distancing-and-drinking-to-cope
#19
David W Hancock, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer Bohanek, Micah D Iserman, Molly Ireland
OBJECTIVE: Women whose sexual identity is not exclusively heterosexual are at risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and problematic drinking. A textual analytic approach focusing on motivated psychological distancing in language style use was used to detect sexual minority women who are at greatest risk for an AUD. METHOD: Young adult women (N = 254) were asked to complete a self-report measure of sexual orientation self-concept ambiguity as well as free-write about their sexuality...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227168/assessment-of-communication-abilities-in-multilingual-children-language-rights-or-human-rights
#20
Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
Communication involves a sender, a receiver and a shared code operating through shared rules. Breach of communication results from disruption to any of these basic components of a communicative chain, although assessment of communication abilities typically focuses on senders/receivers, on two assumptions: first, that their command of features and rules of the language in question (the code), such as sounds, words or word order, as described in linguists' theorisations, represents the full scope of linguistic competence; and second, that languages are stable, homogeneous entities, unaffected by their users' communicative needs...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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