keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

History of science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445129/tea-consumption-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-studies
#1
Xin Zhan, Jie Wang, Shufen Pan, Caijuan Lu
A large number of epidemiological studies have provided conflicting results about the relationship between tea consumption and ovarian cancer. This study aimed to clarify the association between tea consumption and ovarian cancer. A literature search of the MEDICINE, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science databases was performed in April 2016. A total of 18 (11 case-control and 7 cohort) studies, representing data for 701,857 female subjects including 8,683 ovarian cancer cases, were included in the meta-analysis...
April 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444036/theoretical-reflections-on-governance-in-health-regions
#2
Nilo Bretas, Helena Eri Shimizu
This article analyzes governance in health regions, through the contributions of two studies: one on a governance model and the other on duties in the management of public policies networks. The former conducted a meta-analysis of 137 case studies in the literature on collaborative governance aimed at preparing an explanatory and analytical model. Authors identified critical variables that will influence the results: a previous history of conflict or cooperation, incentives for participation, power imbalances, leadership and institutional design...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441481/best-practices-of-computer-aided-drug-discovery-cadd-lessons-learned-from-the-development-of-a-preclinical-candidate-for-prostate-cancer-with-a-new-mechanism-of-action
#3
Fuqiang Ban, Kush Dalal, Huifang Li, Eric LeBlanc, Paul S Rennie, Artem Cherkasov
Small-molecule drug design is a complex and iterative decision-making process relying on pre-existing knowledge and driven by experimental data. Low molecular weight chemicals represent an attractive therapeutic option as they are readily accessible to organic synthesis and can easily be characterized.1 Their potency, as well as pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties can be systematically and rationally investigated, and ultimately optimized via expert science behind medicinal chemistry and methods of computer-aided drug design (CADD)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435116/chiari-malformation-type-1-a-systematic-review-of-natural-history-and-conservative-management
#4
REVIEW
Benjamin Langridge, Edward Phillips, David Choi
OBJECTIVE: Chiari type 1 malformations (CM-1) are variations of hind-brain development which can sometimes occur in asymptomatic individuals. Conventional treatment is surgical decompression, but little is known about the natural history of patients who do not undergo surgical management. Appreciation of this information is critical to determine how these patients should be managed. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the natural history of CM-1 particularly in patients who did not undergo surgery, and in asymptomatic individuals, to help inform patients and doctors when surgery is likely to be beneficial...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433733/factors-influencing-repeated-teenage-pregnancy-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Joemer C Maravilla, Kim S Betts, Camila Couto E Cruz, Rosa Alati
OBJECTIVE: Existing evidence of predictors of repeated teenage pregnancy (RTP) has not been rigorously assessed. This systematic review provides a comprehensive evaluation of protective and risk factors associated with RTP through a meta-analytical consensus. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest, PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Web of Science databases, from 1997 to 2015; and reference list of other relevant research papers and related reviews. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Eligibility criteria included 1) epidemiological studies which analysed factors associated with repeated pregnancy or birth among adolescents under 20 years of age who were nulliparous or experienced at least one pregnancy; 2) experimental studies with an observational component adjusted for the intervention...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430796/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-mellitus-comorbidity-a-systematic-review
#6
Mahteme Haile Workneh, Gunnar Aksel Bjune, Solomon Abebe Yimer
INTRODUCTION: The dual burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major global public health concern. There is mounting evidence from different countries on the burden of TB and DM comorbidity. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the existing evidence on prevalence and associated/risk factors of TBDM comorbidity at global and regional levels. METHODS: Ovid Medline, Embase, Global health, Cochrane library, Web of science and Scopus Elsevier databases were searched to identify eligible articles for the systematic review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430550/round-table-on-malignant-hyperthermia-in-physically-active-populations-meeting-proceedings
#7
Yuri Hosokawa, Douglas J Casa, Henry Rosenberg, John F Capacchione, Emmanuel Sagui, Sheila Riazi, Luke N Belval, Patricia A Deuster, John F Jardine, Stavros A Kavouras, Elaine C Lee, Kevin C Miller, Sheila M Muldoon, Francis G O'Connor, Scott R Sailor, Nyamkhishig Sambuughin, Rebecca L Stearns, William M Adams, Robert A Huggins, Lesley W Vandermark
CONTEXT:   Recent case reports on malignant hyperthermia (MH)-like syndrome in physically active populations indicate potential associations among MH, exertional heat stroke (EHS), and exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER). However, an expert consensus for clinicians working with these populations is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To provide current expert consensus on the (1) definition of MH; (2) history, etiology, and pathophysiology of MH; (3) epidemiology of MH; (4) association of MH with EHS and ER; (5) identification of an MH-like syndrome; (6) recommendations for acute management of an MH-like syndrome; (7) special considerations for physically active populations; and (8) future directions for research...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429567/the-tsimane-health-and-life-history-project-integrating-anthropology-and-biomedicine
#8
Michael Gurven, Jonathan Stieglitz, Benjamin Trumble, Aaron D Blackwell, Bret Beheim, Helen Davis, Paul Hooper, Hillard Kaplan
The Tsimane Health and Life History Project, an integrated bio-behavioral study of the human life course, is designed to test competing hypotheses of human life-history evolution. One aim is to understand the bidirectional connections between life history and social behavior in a high-fertility, kin-based context lacking amenities of modern urban life (e.g. sanitation, banks, electricity). Another aim is to understand how a high pathogen burden influences health and well-being during development and adulthood...
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427530/phenolic-compounds-and-its-bioavailability-in-vitro-bioactive-compounds-or-health-promoters
#9
Isabel C F R Ferreira, Natália Martins, Lillian Barros
Botanical preparations present a widespread and secular history of use. In fact, natural matrices possess a rich pool of phytochemicals, with promising biological effects. Among them, phenolic compounds have revealed to confer very important attributes to improve the well-being and longevity of worldwide population. Numerous in vitro studies have been carried out evaluating the wide spectrum of bioactivities of phenolic compounds, including its health effects, but through in vivo experiments some of these previous results cannot be properly confirmed, and considerable variations are observed...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#10
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426767/benign-metastasizing-leiomyoma-a-review-of-current-literature-in-respect-to-the-time-and-type-of-previous-gynecological-surgery
#11
Edyta Barnaś, Mariusz Książek, Renata Raś, Andrzej Skręt, Joanna Skręt-Magierło, Ewa Dmoch-Gajzlerska
INTRODUCTION: Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare disorder that affects women with a history of uterine leiomyoma, which is found to metastasise within extrauterine sites. The aetiology of BML remains unexplained. Because BML is rare, and most publications contain descriptions of single cases, no statistically determined time relations were found between the primary and secondary surgeries, which may have aetiological implications. OBJECTIVES: To determine age before BML surgery, age during diagnosis of BML, type of prior surgery, and location of metastasis based on the literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426521/a-history-of-the-western-institute-of-nursing-and-its-communicating-nursing-research-conferences
#12
Paula A McNeil, Carol A Lindeman
BACKGROUND: The Western Institute of Nursing (WIN) celebrated its 60th anniversary and the 50th Annual Communicating Nursing Research Conference in April 2017. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide a brief history of the origin, development, and accomplishments of WIN and its Communicating Nursing Research conferences. APPROACH: Historical documents and conference proceedings were reviewed. SUMMARY: WIN was created in 1957 as the Western Council on Higher Education for Nursing under the auspices of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425615/the-natural-history-of-subjective-tinnitus-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-no-intervention-periods-in-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
John S Phillips, Don J McFerran, Deborah A Hall, Derek J Hoare
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus is a prevalent condition, but little has been published regarding the natural history of the condition. One technique for evaluating the long-term progression of the disease is to examine what happens to participants in the no-intervention control arm of a clinical trial. The aim of this study was to examine no-intervention or waiting-list data reported in trials, in which participants on the active arm received any form of tinnitus intervention. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PsychINFO, EMBASE, ASSIA, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, EBSCO Host, and Cochrane...
April 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418696/eccentric-exercise-kinesiology-tape-and-balance-in-healthy-men
#14
Simona Hosp, Ramona Folie, Robert Csapo, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
CONTEXT:   Deficits in balance have been identified as a possible risk factor for knee injuries in athletes. Despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness, kinesiology tape (KT) is widely used to prevent knee injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the influence of KT at the knee joint on balance ability in healthy men after eccentric exercise. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Twelve young men with no history of lower limb injury volunteered for the study (age = 23...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417092/revival-modernization-and-integration-of-indian-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-clinical-practice-importance-challenges-and-future
#15
REVIEW
Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty
In spite of incredible advances in modern science, technology and allopathic medicine a large we are unable to provide quality healthcare to all. Traditional medicine particularly herbal medicine considered as a major healthcare provider around the globe particularly in rural and remote areas. A large section of people depends on such medicine for their primary healthcare mainly in underdeveloped or developing countries. Indian traditional medicinal system like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has a very rich history of their effectiveness; modern research also acknowledged the importance of such medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417026/cardiovascular-complications-of-acute-amphetamine-abuse-cross-sectional-study
#16
Elham Bazmi, Farinaz Mousavi, Leila Giahchin, Tahmineh Mokhtari, Behnam Behnoush
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate cardiovascular complications among patients who abuse amphetamines. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place between April 2014 and April 2015 among 3,870 patients referred to the Toxicology Emergency Department of Baharlou Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Those with clinical signs of drug abuse and positive urine screening tests were included in the study, while cases of chronic abuse were excluded...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415965/the-pregnancy-environment-and-lifestyle-study-petals-a-population-based-longitudinal-multi-racial-birth-cohort
#17
Yeyi Zhu, Monique M Hedderson, Juanran Feng, Ashley A Mevi, Assiamira Ferrara
BACKGROUND: Increasing recognition has been received regarding the proven and suggested links between multi-level environmental exposures on a broad scale (e.g., chemical, clinical, behavioral, physical and social) and health deficits originated from the critical window of development. However, such prospective human data are limited. In 2016, the National Institutes of Health funded 35 centers comprising 84 extant cohorts for the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) pediatric cohorts program...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414712/the-need-for-a-worldwide-consensus-for-cell-line-authentication-experience-implementing-a-mandatory-requirement-at-the-international-journal-of-cancer
#18
Norbert E Fusenig, Amanda Capes-Davis, Franca Bianchini, Sherryl Sundell, Peter Lichter
Cell lines are used in life science research worldwide as biological surrogates. All cell lines are subject to major limitations when used as research tools, including (i) cross-contamination with other cells cultured in the same laboratory environment and (ii) evolution in vitro that renders a given cell line inappropriate as a surrogate for a specific biological hypothesis. There is ample evidence that cross-contamination or phenotypic drift of cells in culture can generate irreproducible or misleading data...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414282/-pharmacometabonomics-the-novel-way-to-personalized-drug-therapy
#19
REVIEW
D L Maslov, E E Balashova, P G Lokhov, A I Archakov
The review is devoted to pharmacometabonomics - a new branch of science focused on personalization of drug therapy through the comprehensive analysis of metabolites of patient's biological fluids. It considers the history of pharmacometabonomic, positioning to other "-omic" sciences, and system approach, realized by this science, in determination of individual therapeutic dose of the drugs and also a technical implementation of pharmacometabonomic based on direct mass spectrometry of blood plasma metabolites...
March 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409186/social-and-spatial-relationships-driving-landowner-attitudes-towards-aquatic-conservation-in-a-piedmont-blue-ridge-landscape
#20
Samuel N Chambers, Robert F Baldwin, Elizabeth Dennis Baldwin, William C Bridges, Nakisha Fouch
More than half of land in the U.S. is privately owned and covers most of known endangered species habitat. An understanding of private landowners' attitudes towards conservation may help to bridge the science-practice gap in regards to conservation initiatives. Aquatic biodiversity is particularly imperiled; in the United States headwaters and isolated wetlands receive little protection through regulations, becoming a focus of conservation planning. In an effort to assess how landowners view such efforts, a 27-question mixed methods survey was mailed to 409 landowners in the Blue Ridge and Piedmont ecoregions of South Carolina with wetland areas and where land was owned by a family or individual, not a corporation...
April 2017: Heliyon
keyword
keyword
13747
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"