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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209501/comparing-surgical-clerkship-performance-of-medical-and-physician-assistant-students
#1
Nasser N Alamiri, Charles Miles Maliska, Heather Chancellor-McIntosh, Guido Sclabas
OBJECTIVE: Third-year medical students (MS-III) and second-year physician assistant students (PA-S) have similar core clinical rotations during their education. Uniquely at our institution, both groups rotate together and are assessed by the same evaluation and grading standards. This study compares the performance of MS-III and PA-S during their combined surgical clerkship rotation. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on students' final clerkship grades, individual grades for clinical performance evaluation, objective structured clinical examination, faculty tutorials, and National Board of Medical Education (NBME) general surgery examination for academic years 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202102/how-lives-became-lists-and-scientific-papers-became-data-cataloguing-authorship-during-the-nineteenth-century
#2
Alex Csiszar
The Catalogue of Scientific Papers, published by the Royal Society of London beginning in 1867, projected back to the beginning of the nineteenth century a novel vision of the history of science in which knowledge was built up out of discrete papers each connected to an author. Its construction was an act of canon formation that helped naturalize the idea that scientific publishing consisted of special kinds of texts and authors that were set apart from the wider landscape of publishing. By recovering the decisions and struggles through which the Catalogue was assembled, this essay aims to contribute to current efforts to denaturalize the scientific paper as the dominant genre of scientific life...
February 16, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199030/lessons-learned-from-the-science-of-caring-extending-the-reach-of-psychosocial-oncology-the-international-psycho-oncology-society-2016-sutherland-award-lecture
#3
Barry D Bultz
In medicine, referral to a medical oncology specialty is based on recent history, physical examination, pathology, surgery reports, imaging, blood work and the patient's vital signs. By contrast, referral to a psychosocial specialist has typically been based on the patients expressed request for psychosocial support or the health care team's observation of the patient's limited adjustment or poor coping with the diagnosis, treatment or end of life distress. These observations are usually based on clinical acumen not on metrics...
February 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197998/laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratectomy-lasek-versus-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-for-correcting-myopia
#4
REVIEW
Jocelyn Kuryan, Anjum Cheema, Roy S Chuck
BACKGROUND: Near-sightedness, or myopia, is a condition in which light rays entering the eye along the visual axis focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Myopia can be treated with spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Options for refractive surgery include laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Both procedures utilize a laser to shape the corneal tissue (front of the eye) to correct refractive error, and both create flaps before laser treatment of corneal stromal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#5
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195249/building-blocks-of-the-gipu-italian-group-of-ultrastructural-pathology
#6
V Papa, R Costa, G Cenacchi
The Italian Group of Ultrastructural Pathology, GIPU, is a scientific organization committed to promote the art and science of Electron Microscopy (EM) in the pathology field in Italy, sharing its professional work with a public audience. The history of the GIPU goes back to 1990s when a founder group set up the Italian Group of Ultrastructural Diagnostic (GIDU) in Milan. The central focus of annual meetings was on EM, transmission and scanning one, about interesting cases in which it was instrumental in diagnosis...
June 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194545/to-stop-the-erosion-of-hope-the-dmard-category-and-the-place-of-semantics-in-modern-rheumatology
#7
Jonas Kure Buer
The category of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) emerged in the 1970s to describe drugs capable of altering the long-term destructive course of arthritis. It became a core concept in rheumatology's reorientation towards pharmaceuticals in the late twentieth century. By examining the earliest use of the term "disease-modifying" in scientific publications, this paper identifies the drugs that the category described when it first emerged. Leaning on systematic reviews of each of these drugs towards the end of their career in rheumatology, it then establishes that posterity would not recognize any of these early DMARDs as capable of altering the long-term course of the disease...
February 13, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190904/which-early-works-are-cited-most-frequently-in-climate-change-research-literature-a-bibliometric-approach-based-on-reference-publication-year-spectroscopy
#8
Werner Marx, Robin Haunschild, Andreas Thor, Lutz Bornmann
This bibliometric analysis focuses on the general history of climate change research and, more specifically, on the discovery of the greenhouse effect. First, the Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS) is applied to a large publication set on climate change of 222,060 papers published between 1980 and 2014. The references cited therein were extracted and analyzed with regard to publications, which are cited most frequently. Second, a new method for establishing a more subject-specific publication set for applying RPYS (based on the co-citations of a marker reference) is proposed (RPYS-CO)...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187682/polychaeta-orbiniidae-from-antarctica-the-southern-ocean-the-abyssal-pacific-ocean-and-off-south-america
#9
James A Blake
The orbiniid polychaetes chiefly from Antarctic and subantarctic seas and off South America are described based on collections of the National Museum of Natural History and new material from surveys conducted by the United States Antarctic Program and other federal and privately funded sources as well as participation in international programs. A total of 44 species of Orbiniidae distributed in 10 genera are reported from the Pacific Ocean and waters off South America and Antarctica. Twenty-one species are new to science; one species is renamed...
January 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178909/doctoring-undercover-updating-the-educational-tradition-of-shadowing
#10
Claire D Clark
BACKGROUND: Premedical students are educated in basic biological and health sciences. As a complement to traditional premedical coursework, medical school applicants are encouraged to shadow practitioners, with the hope that observation will introduce students to the culture and practice of healthcare. Yet the shadowing experience varies widely across practitioners and institutions; resources that guide students' critical reflection and structure the experience are scarce. DEVELOPMENT: A pilot experiential learning course, Doctoring Undercover: Shadowing and the Culture of Medicine, was developed to fill this gap...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166081/the-art-of-pharmacotherapy-reflections-on-pharmacophobia
#11
Jose de Leon, Carlos De Las Cuevas
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: This commentary deals with the neglected issue of the art of psychopharmacology by recounting the authors' journeys. METHODS/PROCEDURES: First, a model of medical science situated within the history of medicine is described including (1) a limitation of the mathematical model of science, (2) the distinction between mechanistic science and mathematical science, (3) how this distinction is applied to medicine, and (4) how this distinction is applied to explain pharmacology to psychiatrists...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165286/the-erudite-humility-of-the-historian-the-critical-epistemology-of-georges-lant%C3%A3-ri-laura
#12
Elisabetta Basso Lorini
This paper analyses the historical and epistemological work of the French psychiatrist Georges Lantéri-Laura (1930-2004) within the context of the French 'tradition' of history and philosophy of sciences, with special reference to Georges Canguilhem and Michel Foucault. After an introduction devoted to a critical survey of the most recent works on the history and historiography of psychiatry in French, the paper outlines Lantéri-Laura's approach by focusing especially on the role played by the methodological concept of 'semiology' as regards the relation between medicine and psychiatry...
February 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163971/solving-the-puzzle-what-is-behind-our-forefathers-anti-inflammatory-remedies
#13
REVIEW
Javier Rodriguez Villanueva, Jorge Martín Esteban, Laura Rodríguez Villanueva
Inflammation is a ubiquitous host response in charge of restoring normal tissue structure and function but is a double-edged sword, as the uncontrolled or excessive process can lead to the injury of host cells, chronic inflammation, chronic diseases, and also neoplastic transformation. Throughout history, a wide range of species has been claimed to have anti-inflammatory effects worldwide. Among them, Angelica sinensis, Tropaeolum majus, Castilleja tenuiflora, Biophytum umbraculum, to name just a few, have attracted the scientific and general public attention in the last years...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163690/mentalizing-makes-parenting-work-a-review-about-parental-reflective-functioning-and-clinical-interventions-to-improve-it
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163210/are-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-meeting-the-physical-activity-guidelines-a-co-twin-control-study
#15
J R Zadro, D Shirley, A Amorim, F Pérez-Riquelme, J R Ordoñana, P H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Despite a large amount of research investigating physical activity (PA) levels in people with chronic low back pain (LBP), no study has investigated whether people with chronic LBP are meeting the World Health Organisation (WHO) PA guidelines. Furthermore, with genetics and the early shared environment substantially influencing the presence of LBP, and PA engagement, these factors could confound the association between LBP and PA and need to be controlled for. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between chronic LBP and meeting the PA guidelines, while controlling for the effects of genetics and early shared environment...
February 2, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162088/a-history-of-forensic-science-british-beginnings-in-the-twentieth-century
#16
Ian Burney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160778/meta-analysis-on-the-prevalence-of-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Jia Zhang, Chuan-Ying Xu, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: Our study was aimed to evaluate the risk of a selected non-motor symptom, namely rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD) symptoms, among patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson disease compared with health controls. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines for meta-analysis and Cochrane manual were followed. Studies on RBD symptoms and PD were searched using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane library databases...
February 4, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157813/blood-pressure-and-kidney-cancer-risk-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#18
Khemayanto Hidayat, Xuan Du, Sheng-Yi Zou, Bi-Min Shi
BACKGROUND: Globally, kidney cancer is the twelfth most common cancer, accounting for 337 860 cases recorded in 2012. By 2020, this number has been estimated to reach 412 929 or increase by 22%. Over the past few decades, a number of prospective studies have investigated the association between blood pressure (BP) and risk of kidney cancer, using either recorded BP levels or reported hypertension as the principal exposure variable. However, the relation of BP to kidney cancer remains incompletely understood, and the data on sex-specific differences in risk estimates have been inconsistent...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157115/radiation-shielding-analysis-of-a-special-linear-accelerator-for-electron-beam-and%C3%A2-x-ray
#19
W G Kang, S H Pyo, T S Alkhuraiji, B S Han, C M Kang
The King AbdulAziz City for Science & Technology in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia plans to build a 10 MeV, 15 kW linear accelerator (LINAC) for electron beam and X-ray. The accelerator will be supplied by EB Tech, Republic of Korea, and the design and construction of the accelerator building will be conducted in the cooperation with EB Tech. This report presents the shielding analysis of the accelerator building using the Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code (MCNP). In order to improve the accuracy in estimating deep radiation penetration and to reduce computation time, various variance reduction techniques, including the weight window (WW) method, the deterministic transport (DXTRAN) spheres were considered...
January 31, 2017: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155587/chemistry-education-and-contributions-from-history-and-philosophy-of-science
#20
José Ramón Bertomeu Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Ambix
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