keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perinatal protocols

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138200/assessing-the-consequences-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-offspring-s-cardiovascular-health-mysweetheart-cohort-study-protocol-switzerland
#1
Stefano Di Bernardo, Yvan Mivelaz, Adina Mihaela Epure, Yvan Vial, Umberto Simeoni, Pascal Bovet, Sandrine Estoppey Younes, Arnaud Chiolero, Nicole Sekarski
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a state of glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy. GDM carries prenatal and perinatal risks as well as long-term risks for the mother and her child. GDM may be involved in the foetal programming of long-term cardiovascular health. However, evidence is sparse and the effect of GDM on cardiovascular health is unknown. To address these issues, we will conduct MySweetHeart Cohort study. The objectives are to assess the effect of GDM on offspring's cardiovascular health early in life by using surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129740/survey-on-neonatal-end-of-life-comfort-care-guidelines-across-america
#2
Shelly Haug, Sara Farooqi, Christopher G Wilson, Andrew Hopper, Grace Oei, Brian Carter
CONTEXT: Infants of age < 1 year have the highest mortality rate in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines for palliative care in 2013, however, significant variation persists among local protocols addressing neonatal comfort care at the end-of-life (EOL). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate current neonatal EOL comfort care practices and clinician satisfaction across America METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval (516005), an anonymous, electronic survey was sent to members of the AAP Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112905/determinants-of-hair-cortisol-concentration-in-children-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
N A Gray, A Dhana, L Van Der Vyver, J Van Wyk, N P Khumalo, D J Stein
BACKGROUND: Several factors are known contribute to hair cortisol concentration (HCC) in adults. However, there is less research on determinants of HCC in children and adolescents. HCC is a valuable tool for medical research pertaining to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This review aims to assess the extent to which established determinants of HCC in adults have been consistently reported in children (birth - 18 years) and to identify determinants of HCC specific to this age group...
November 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097177/first-trimester-screening-for-early-and-late-preeclampsia-using-maternal-characteristics-biomarkers-and-estimated-placental-volume
#4
Jiri Sonek, David Krantz, Jon Carmichael, Cathy Downing, Karen Jessup, Ziad Haidar, Shannon Ho, Terrence Hallahan, Harvey J Kliman, David McKenna
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. First-trimester screening has been shown to be effective in selecting patients at an increased risk for preeclampsia in some studies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the feasibility of screening for preeclampsia in the first trimester based on maternal characteristics, medical history, biomarkers, and placental volume. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective observational nonintervention cohort study in an unselected US population...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096053/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-episiotomy-repair-following-vaginal-birth
#5
REVIEW
Mercedes Bonet, Erika Ota, Chioma E Chibueze, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Bacterial infections occurring during labour, childbirth, and the puerperium may be associated with considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic prophylaxis might reduce wound infection incidence after an episiotomy, particularly in situations associated with a higher risk of postpartum perineal infection, such as midline episiotomy, extension of the incision, or in settings where the baseline risk of infection after vaginal birth is high. However, available evidence is unclear concerning the role of prophylactic antibiotics in preventing infections after an episiotomy...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082003/implementing-the-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-lessons-from-a-global-collaboration
#6
REVIEW
Wrg Perry, S Bagheri Nejad, K Tuomisto, N Kara, N Roos, T R Dilip, L R Hirschhorn, I Larizgoitia, K Semrau, M Mathai, N Dhingra-Kumar
The WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) was developed to ensure the delivery of essential maternal and perinatal care practices around the time of childbirth. A research collaboration was subsequently established to explore factors that influence use of the Checklist in a range of settings around the world. This analysis article presents an overview of the WHO SCC Collaboration and the lessons garnered from implementing the Checklist across a diverse range of settings. Project leads from each collaboration site were asked to distribute two surveys...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073951/cardiac-effects-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children-the-chaart-2-study
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Steven E Lipshultz, James D Wilkinson, Bruce Thompson, Irene Cheng, David A Briston, William T Shearer, E John Orav, Joslyn A Westphal, Tracie L Miller, Steven D Colan
BACKGROUND: Before the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), cardiac mortality and morbidity were common in HIV-infected children. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify long-term cardiovascular effects of HAART in HIV-infected children. METHODS: The CHAART-2 (HAART-Associated Cardiotoxicity in HIV-Infected Children) study prospectively compared 148 echocardiograms from 74 HAART-exposed children to 860 echocardiograms from 140 HAART-unexposed but HIV-infected children from the Pulmonary and Cardiac Complications of Vertically Transmitted HIV Infection (P(2)C(2) HIV) study...
October 31, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071130/scaling-up-quality-improvement-intervention-for-perinatal-care-in-nepal-neperiqip-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#8
Ashish Kc, Anna Bergström, Dipak Chaulagain, Olivia Brunell, Uwe Ewald, Abhishek Gurung, Leif Eriksson, Helena Litorp, Johan Wrammert, Erik Grönqvist, Per-Anders Edin, Claire Le Grange, Bikash Lamichhane, Parashuram Shrestha, Amrit Pokharel, Asha Pun, Chahana Singh, Mats Målqvist
INTRODUCTION: Nepal Perinatal Quality Improvement Project (NePeriQIP) intends to scale up a quality improvement (QI) intervention for perinatal care according to WHO/National guidelines in hospitals of Nepal using the existing health system structures. The intervention builds on previous research on the implementation of Helping Babies Breathe-quality improvement cycle in a tertiary healthcare setting in Nepal. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of this scaled-up intervention on perinatal health outcomes...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064366/spot-protein-creatinine-ratio-and-spot-albumin-creatinine-ratio-in-the-assessment-of-pre-eclampsia-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study-with-decision-analytic-model-based-economic-evaluation-and-acceptability-analysis
#9
Jason Waugh, Richard Hooper, Edmund Lamb, Stephen Robson, Andrew Shennan, Fiona Milne, Christopher Price, Shakila Thangaratinam, Vladislav Berdunov, Jenn Bingham
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines highlighted the need for 'large, high-quality prospective studies comparing the various methods of measuring proteinuria in women with new-onset hypertensive disorders during pregnancy'. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate quantitative assessments of spot protein-creatinine ratio (SPCR) and spot albumin-creatinine ratio (SACR) in predicting severe pre-eclampsia (PE) compared with 24-hour urine protein measurement...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053674/assessing-urinary-tract-junction-obstruction-defects-by-methylene-blue-dye-injection
#10
Kangsun Yun
Urinary tract junction obstruction defects are congenital anomalies inducing hydronephrosis and hydroureter. Murine urinary tract junction obstruction defects can be assessed by tracking methylene blue dye flow within the urinary system. Methylene blue dye is injected into the renal pelvis of perinatal embryonic kidneys and dye flow is monitored from the renal pelvis of the kidney through the ureter and into the bladder lumen after applying hydrostatic pressure. Dye accumulation will be evident in the bladder lumen of the normal perinatal urinary tract, but will be constrained between the renal pelvis and the end point of an abnormal ureter, if urinary tract obstructions occur...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048133/vasa-previa-prenatal-diagnosis-and-outcomes-thirty-five-cases-from-a-single-maternal-fetal-medicine-practice
#11
Ankita Kulkarni, Jennifer Powel, Michael Aziz, Leena Shah, Susan Lashley, Carlos Benito, Yinka Oyelese
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy and effectiveness of routine screening for vasa previa, to describe our experience, and to assess factors that contribute to missed cases of vasa previa. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study of all cases of vasa previa from a single maternal-fetal medicine service between 2009 and 2017 was performed. Ultrasound findings and obstetric and neonatal outcomes were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-five cases of vasa previa were identified...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042914/the-educational-challenge-of-paediatric-virology-an-interview-with-professor-of-neonatology-anne-greenough
#12
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
According to Professor Anne Greenough, Professor of Neonatology and Clinical Respiratory Physiology at the King's College London (London, UK), Paediatric Virology is indeed a rapidly increasing educational challenge. Professor Greenough, who in 1992 wrote her book on congenital, perinatal and neonatal infections, believes that during the past 3 decades, paediatric health professionals are becoming increasingly involved in specialised care and follow-up of paediatric patients with viral diseases, who require advanced medical care and innovative technological services...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025524/-neonatal-morbidity-and-gestational-diabetes-coincidence-or-consequence-of-the-2011-protocol
#13
Gabriela Mimoso, Guiomar Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is one of the diseases associated with pregnancy with higher rate of complications. Despite being a transitory condition, short and long term complications related to gestational diabetes have been described. There is scientific evidence to say that good metabolic control decreases perinatal complications. In 2011, new criteria was proposed for its diagnosis, which made possible its diagnosis during the 1st trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study is to compare neonatal morbidity in two groups of women with gestational diabetes diagnosis before and after the latest Portuguese guidelines for diabetes and pregnancy were published (February 2011)...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016232/algorithm-for-the-management-of-asthma-in-pregnant-women-a-protocol-to-optimize-processes-in-healthcare
#14
Eva Martinez-Moragón, Auxiliadora Romero-Falcón, Juan Luis García-Rivero
Asthma is the most common chronic disease in pregnant women. Its evolution during pregnancy could improve, stay the same or worsen, especially in cases where there is a loss of clinical control. This can lead to maternal and fetal hypoxia with serious adverse perinatal outcomes. Areas covered: This article reviews physiological modifications in pregnancy, effects of pregnancy on asthma, and possible consequences on fetus development. Furthermore, it reviews evidence on assessment and both pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of asthma in pregnant and breastfeeding women as well as in acute exacerbations...
October 23, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994813/a-primary-human-trophoblast-model-to-study-the-effect-of-inflammation-associated-with-maternal-obesity-on-regulation-of-autophagy-in-the-placenta
#15
Bailey Simon, Matthew Bucher, Alina Maloyan
Maternal obesity is associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes that are likely mediated by compromised placental function that can be attributed to, in part, the dysregulation of autophagy. Aberrant changes in the expression of autophagy regulators in the placentas from obese pregnancies may be regulated by inflammatory processes associated with both obesity and pregnancy. Described here is a protocol for sampling of villous tissue and isolation of villous cytotrophoblasts from the term human placenta for primary cell culture...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992554/stress-in-fathers-in-the-perinatal-period-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Serena FitzGerald, Eileen Savage
BACKGROUND: despite the evidence that fatherhood has a long-term positive and protective effect on men's health, there is also evidence that fatherhood in the perinatal period can be complex and demanding. Due to the potential increase in stressors in the perinatal period, there is reason to hypothesise that it is a time of increased stress for fathers. However, it is not clear how significant a problem stress is for fathers during this stage of life. This is in part, due to the fact that the available research has not been systematically reviewed...
December 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969220/pregnancy-outcomes-in-isolated-oligohydramnios-during-second-trimester-a-case-series
#17
Ashima Taneja, Kamaldeep Arora, Isha Chopra, Sushree Samiksha Naik
Oligohydramnios is associated with increased maternal and foetal morbidities. However, some of the recent studies have shown no adverse effect of isolated oligohydramnios on perinatal outcome and recommends continuation of pregnancy. Pregnancies between 18-28 weeks with isolated Oligohydramnios were included. History and physical examination was recorded in a pre-designed proforma. All the cases received care as per the protocol. A total of seven patients were recruited of which one was a twin pregnancy with Oligohydramnios in both sacs...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967610/quantification-of-the-association-between-malaria-in-pregnancy-and-stillbirth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Kerryn A Moore, Julie A Simpson, Michelle J L Scoullar, Rose McGready, Freya J I Fowkes
BACKGROUND: 2·6 million stillbirths occur annually worldwide. The association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth has yet to be comprehensively quantified. We aimed to quantify the association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth, and to assess the influence of malaria endemicity on the association. METHODS: We did a systematic review of the association between confirmed malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth. We included population-based cross-sectional, cohort, or case-control studies (in which cases were stillbirths or perinatal deaths), and randomised controlled trials of malaria in pregnancy interventions, identified before Feb 28, 2017...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948397/neonatal-outcomes-and-congenital-malformations-in-children-born-after-human-menopausal-gonadotropin-and-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-treatment-cycles
#19
Jie Zhang, Xiaoyan Mao, Yun Wang, Qiuju Chen, Xuefeng Lu, Qingqing Hong, Yanping Kuang
PURPOSE: To investigate neonatal outcomes and congenital malformations in children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and vitrified embryo transfer cycles using human menopausal gonadotrophin and medroxyprogesterone acetate (hMG + MPA) treatment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study including 4596 live born babies. During January 2014-June 2016, children born after either hMG + MPA treatment, gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist short protocol, or mild ovarian stimulation were included...
December 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948341/the-impact-of-a-new-standard-labor-protocol-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#20
Dingran Wang, Shenglong Ye, Liyuan Tao, Yongqing Wang
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical outcomes following the implementation of a new standard labor procedure. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis that included a study group consisting of patients managed based on a new standard labor protocol and a control group comprising patients managed under an old standard labor protocol. The following maternal and perinatal outcomes were compared in the two groups: the indications for a cesarean section and the incidence of cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage, fetal distress, neonatal asphyxia and pediatric intervention...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
keyword
keyword
13745
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"