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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245027/multidimensional-impact-of-low-dye-taping-on-low-load-hopping-in-individuals-with-and-without-plantar-fasciitis
#1
Tarbie Van Tonder, Garry T Allison, Diana Hopper, Tiffany L Grisbrook
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the acute effect of low-Dye, placebo and no tape on motor behaviour in individuals with plantar fasciitis (PF). DESIGN: Prospective, experimental. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten participants with PF and ten matched controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hopping behaviour (lower-limb stiffness and ankle angle at peak loading) were evaluated during low-load sleigh hopping, during three taping conditions...
November 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244944/evaluating-the-performance-of-household-liquefied-petroleum-gas-cookstoves
#2
Guofeng Shen, Michael D Hays, Kirk R Smith, Craig Williams, Jerroll W Faircloth, James J Jetter
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) cookstoves are considered to be an important solution for mitigating household air pollution; however, their performance has rarely been evaluated. To fill the data and knowledge gaps in this important area, eighty-nine laboratory tests were conducted to quantify efficiencies and pollutant emissions from five commercially available household LPG stoves under different burning conditions. The mean thermal efficiency (± standard deviation) for the tested LPG cookstoves was 51±6%, meeting guidelines for the highest tier level (Tier 4) under the International Organization for Standardization, International Workshop Agreement 11...
December 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244890/prevalence-and-predictors-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-symptoms
#3
Young Chan Lee, Ran Song, You-Jung Yang, Young-Gyu Eun
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and predictive factors of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in a cohort of patients with burning mouth symptoms. METHODS: A total of 125 patients with burning mouth symptoms were enrolled in a prospective study and assessed for the presence of SS. The severity of oral symptoms was evaluated by using questionnaires. Salivary flow rates and salivary scintigraphy were used to evaluate salivary function. Patient laboratory work-ups were reviewed, and SS was diagnosed by a rheumatologist based on the American-European Consensus Group criteria...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244861/reliability-of-the-parameters-of-the-power-duration-relationship-using-maximal-effort-time-trials-under-laboratory-conditions
#4
Christoph Triska, Bettina Karsten, Bernd Heidegger, Bernhard Koller-Zeisler, Bernhard Prinz, Alfred Nimmerichter, Harald Tschan
The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of critical power (CP) and the total amount of work accomplished above CP (W´) across repeated tests using ecologically valid maximal effort time-trials (TT) under laboratory conditions. After an initial incremental exercise test, ten well-trained male triathletes (age: 28.5 ± 4.7 years; body mass: 73.3 ± 7.9 kg; height: 1.80 ± 0.07 m; maximal aerobic power [MAP]: 329 ± 41 W) performed three testing sessions (Familiarization, Test I and Test II) each comprising three TT (12, 7, and 3 min with a passive recovery of 60 min between trials)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244819/climbing-ability-of-teneral-and-sclerotized-adult-bed-bugs-and-assessment-of-adhesive-properties-of-the-exoskeletal-fluid-using-atomic-force-microscopy
#5
Kevin R Hinson, Vladimir Reukov, Eric P Benson, Patricia A Zungoli, William C Bridges, Brittany R Ellis, Jinbo Song
We observed that teneral adults (<1 h post-molt) of Cimex lectularius L. appeared more adept at climbing a smooth surface compared to sclerotized adults. Differences in climbing ability on a smooth surface based on sclerotization status were quantified by measuring the height to which bed bugs climbed when confined within a glass vial. The average maximum height climbed by teneral (T) bed bugs (n = 30, height climbed = 4.69 cm) differed significantly (P< 0.01) from recently sclerotized (RS) bed bugs (n = 30, height climbed = 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244811/impact-of-increased-influenza-vaccination-in-2-3-year-old-children-on-disease-burden-within-the-general-population-a-bayesian-model-based-approach
#6
Sankarasubramanian Rajaram, Witold Wiecek, Richard Lawson, Betina T Blak, Yanli Zhao, Judith Hackett, Robert Brody, Vishal Patel, Billy Amzal
INTRODUCTION: During the 2013-2014 influenza season, Public Health England extended routine influenza vaccination to all 2- and 3-year-old children in England. To estimate the impact of this change in policy on influenza-related morbidity and mortality, we developed a disease transmission and surveillance model informed by real-world data. METHODS: We combined real-world and literature data sources to construct a model of influenza transmission and surveillance in England...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244733/the-association-of-triiodothyronine-to-thyroxine-ratio-with-body-mass-index-in-obese-nigerian-children-and-adolescents
#7
Mathias Abiodun Emokpae, Progress Arhenrhen Obazelu
The interest in the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and obesity is on the increase. This study compares the triiodothyronine-to-thyroxine (T3/T4) ratio in obese and lean children and adolescents, and correlates thyroid hormones with body mass index (BMI) in obese Nigerian children. It is a retrospective study of records of 76 obese children and adolescents with a BMI of 31.7 ± 0.1 kg/m² (26 males aged 10.9 ± 0.35 years, and 50 females aged 10.8 ± 0.4 years) that were referred to the laboratory for thyroid hormone evaluation because of their obese status...
December 15, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244715/response-characterization-of-an-inexpensive-aerosol-sensor
#8
Joel Kuula, Timo Mäkelä, Risto Hillamo, Hilkka Timonen
Inexpensive aerosol sensors have been considered as a complementary option to address the issue of expensive but low spatial coverage air quality monitoring networks. However, the accuracy and response characteristics of these sensors is poorly documented. In this study, inexpensive Shinyei PPD42NS and PPD60PV sensors were evaluated using a novel laboratory evaluation method. A continuously changing monodisperse size distribution of particles was generated using a Vibrating Orifice Aerosol Generator. Furthermore, the laboratory results were validated in a field experiment...
December 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244673/using-double-contrast-ct-arthrography-to-confirm-suspected-dissociation-of-a-cemented-polyethylene-liner-in-the-setting-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#9
Aakash Chauhan, Sean Fitzpatrick, Robert L Sciulli, Nicholas G Sotereanos, Jeffrey J Sewecke
CASE: A 67-year-old woman who underwent a re-revision of a total hip arthroplasty with a cemented polyethylene liner fell 14 months after surgery. The patient had symptoms of pain and weakness; however, clinical, laboratory, and radiographic evaluation did not disclose fracture, infection, osteolysis, or component migration. Liner dissociation was suspected, and a double-contrast computed tomography (CT) arthrogram confirmed failure at the cement-liner interface. She underwent additional revision surgery and was doing well at the 3-year follow-up...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244567/temporal-variation-in-predation-risk-may-explain-daily-rhythms-of-foraging-behavior-in-an-orb-weaving-spider
#10
J Colton Watts, Thomas C Jones, Ashley Herrig, Madeleine Miller, Brigitte Tenhumberg
Daily rhythms occur in numerous physiological and behavioral processes across an immense diversity of taxa, but there remain few cases in which mechanistic links between rhythms of trait expression and organismal fitness have been established. We construct a dynamic optimization model to determine whether risk allocation provides an adaptive explanation for the daily foraging rhythm observed in many species using the orb-weaving spider Cyclosa turbinata as a case study. Our model predicts that female C. turbinata should generally start foraging at lower levels of energy reserves (i...
January 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244208/parent-child-interactions-during-traditional-and-interactive-media-settings-a-pilot-randomized-control-study
#11
Silje Skaug, Kjellrun T Englund, Ingvild Saksvik-Lehouillier, Stian Lydersen, Lars Wichstrøm
Parent-child interactions are pivotal for children's socioemotional development, yet might suffer with increased attention to screen media, as research has suggested. In response, we hypothesized that parent-child play on a tablet computer, as representative of interactive media, would generate higher-quality parent-child interactions than toy play or watching TV. We examined the emotional availability of mothers and their 2-year-old child during the previous three contexts using a randomized crossover design (n = 22) in a laboratory room...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244182/poor-performance-of-two-rapid-immunochromatographic-assays-for-anti-japanese-encephalitis-virus-immunoglobulin-m-detection-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-serum-from-patients-with-suspected-japanese-encephalitis-virus-infection-in-laos
#12
Onanong Sengvilaipaseuth, Josée Castonguay-Vanier, Anisone Chanthongthip, Ooyanong Phonemixay, Soulignasack Thongpaseuth, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Paul N Newton, Tehmina Bharucha, Audrey Dubot-Pérès
Background: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a leading identified cause of encephalitis in Asia, often occurring in rural areas with poor access to laboratory diagnostics. We evaluated two rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for anti-JEV immunoglobulin M (IgM) detection. Methods: Consecutive cerebrospinal fluid and serum from 388 patients (704 samples) with suspected JEV infections admitted to six hospitals in Laos were tested with one of two SD-Bioline anti-JEV IgM RDTs and the World Health Organization standard anti-JEV IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; Panbio Japanese Encephalitis-Dengue IgM Combo ELISA...
December 13, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244157/evaluation-of-lambda-cyhalothrin-and-pyriproxyfen-barrier-treatments-for-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-management-in-urbanized-areas-of-new-jersey
#13
Isik Unlu, Gregory M Williams, Ilia Rochlin, Devi Suman, Yi Wang, Kshitij Chandel, Randy Gaugler
Mosquito control programs in the United States are still searching for best management practices to control the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse; Diptera: Culicidae). Most intervention methods for this species are either labor intensive (e.g., source reduction) or short-term (e.g., ultra-low-volume adulticiding). We investigated the effectiveness of barrier spray pesticide applications within urban and suburban residential yards in New Jersey as a control strategy using a before-after-control-impact (BACI) approach...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244143/impact-of-hiv-1-minority-variants-on-the-virus-response-to-a-rilpivirine-based-first-line-regimen
#14
Stéphanie Raymond, Florence Nicot, Coralie Pallier, Pantxika Bellecave, Anne Maillard, Mary Anne Trabaud, Laurence Morand-Joubert, Audrey Rodallec, Corinne Amiel, Thomas Mourez, Laurence Bocket, Agnès Beby-Defaux, Magali Bouvier-Alias, Sidonie Lambert-Niclot, Charlotte Charpentier, Brice Malve, Audrey Mirand, Julia Dina, Hélène Le Guillou-Guillemette, Stéphanie Marque-Juillet, Anne Signori-Schmuck, Francis Barin, Ali Si-Mohamed, Véronique Avettand Fenoel, Catherine Roussel, Vincent Calvez, Karine Saune, Anne Geneviève Marcelin, Christophe Rodriguez, Diane Descamps, Jacques Izopet
Background: Minority resistant variants of HIV-1 could influence the virological response to treatment based on non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors. Data on minority rilpivirine-resistant variants are scarce. This study used next-generation sequencing (NGS) to identify patients harbouring minority resistant variants to nucleos(t)ide and non-nucleoside RT inhibitors and to assess their influence on the virological response (VR). Methods: All the subjects, 541 HIV-1-infected patients being treated at 24 French virology laboratories, started their first line regimen containing rilpivirine between 2012 and 2015...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244131/reporting-antimicrobial-susceptibilities-and-resistance-phenotypes-in-acinetobacter-spp-a-nationwide-proficiency-study
#15
Felipe Fernández-Cuenca, María Tomás, Francisco-Javier Caballero-Moyano, Germán Bou, Álvaro Pascual
Objectives: To evaluate the proficiency of Spanish microbiology laboratories with respect to the antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of Acinetobacter spp. Methods: Eight Acinetobacter spp. with different resistance mechanisms were sent to 48 Spanish centres which were asked to report: (i) the AST system used; (ii) MICs; (iii) breakpoints used (CLSI versus EUCAST); (iv) clinical category; and (v) resistance mechanisms inferred. Minor, major and very major errors (mE, ME and VME, respectively) were determined...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244115/atazanavir-and-darunavir-in-pregnant-women-with-hiv-evaluation-of-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-from-an-observational-national-study
#16
M Floridia, G Masuelli, M Ravizza, B Tassis, I Cetin, M Sansone, A Degli Antoni, G Simonazzi, A Maccabruni, D Francisci, V Frisina, G Liuzzi, S Dalzero, E Tamburrini
Background: Atazanavir and darunavir represent the main HIV PIs recommended in pregnancy, but comparative data in pregnant women are limited. We assessed the safety and activity profile of these two drugs in pregnancy using data from a national observational study. Methods: Women with atazanavir or darunavir exposure in pregnancy were evaluated for laboratory measures and main pregnancy outcomes (e.g. preterm delivery, low birthweight, non-elective caesarean section and neonatal gestational age-adjusted birthweight Z-score)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244000/identification-of-recent-cases-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-using-physical-chemical-properties-of-hypervariable-region-1-and-a-radial-basis-function-neural-network-classifier
#17
James Lara, Mahder Teka, Yury Khudyakov
BACKGROUND: Identification of acute or recent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections is important for detecting outbreaks and devising timely public health interventions for interruption of transmission. Epidemiological investigations and chemistry-based laboratory tests are 2 main approaches that are available for identification of acute HCV infection. However, owing to complexity, both approaches are not efficient. Here, we describe a new sequence alignment-free method to discriminate between recent (R) and chronic (C) HCV infection using next-generation sequencing (NGS) data derived from the HCV hypervariable region 1 (HVR1)...
December 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243878/predictive-value-of-c-reactive-protein-for-tuberculosis-bloodstream-infection-or-death-among-hiv-infected-individuals-with-chronic-non-specific-symptoms-and-negative-sputum-smear-microscopy
#18
Richard A Bedell, Monique van Lettow, Christopher Meaney, Elizabeth L Corbett, Adrienne K Chan, Robert S Heyderman, Suzanne T Anderson, Ann Åkesson, Moses Kumwenda, Rony Zachariah, Anthony D Harries, Andrew R Ramsay
BACKGROUND: To determine whether C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory biomarker that may identify patients at risk of infections or death. Mortality among HIV-infected persons commencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) is often attributed to tuberculosis (TB) or bloodstream infections (BSI). METHODS: In two district hospitals in southern Malawi we recruited HIV-infected adults with one or more unexplained symptoms present for at least one month (weight loss, fever, or diarrhea), and negative expectorated sputum microscopy for TB...
December 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243792/analysis-of-correlation-between-the-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-and-level-of-adiponectin-in-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm
#19
Z-Q Liu, M-X Zhang, J Wang, N Ding
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and serum level of adiponectin in elderly patients with Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM), so as to provide evidence for early diagnosis of MCI and effective evaluation of the impairment of cognitive functions, thereby preventing the impairment of cognitive function as early as possible. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data were collected from 260 T2DM patients (≥ 60 years old) in Endocrine Department and 120 healthy subjects (≥ 60 years old) who underwent physical examination in our hospital between June 2015 and June 2017...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243738/tissue-staining-for-thsd7a-in-glomeruli-correlates-with-serum-antibodies-in-primary-membranous-nephropathy-a-clinicopathological-study
#20
Shree G Sharma, Christopher P Larsen
Thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) is the most recently recognized target antigen in patients with membranous nephropathy. We stained membranous nephropathy biopsies processed in our laboratory for phospholipase A2 receptor and THSD7A over an 18-month period and selected all THSD7A-positive cases for study. Serum samples from most patients were tested by an indirect immunofluorescence assay for the presence of THSD7A antibodies (Euroimmun). A total of 31 patients were diagnosed with THSD7A-associated membranous nephropathy for a prevalence of 2...
December 15, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
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