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Non-Suicidal Self Injury

Joanna Halicka, Andrzej Kiejna
There are 2 types of basic self-destructive behavior: suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Currently, more and more researchers point out significant disorders which are NSSI behavior. This phenomenon is not new; NSSI seemingly has always been present in society, and certainly in approx. 10% of the population worldwide in recent times. Despite the enormous scale of the phenomenon, so far it has been overlooked and marginalized. They were considered transient behavior, typical of adolescence, a part of youthful rebellion...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Paul O Wilkinson, Tianyou Qiu, Sharon Neufeld, Peter B Jones, Ian M Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent in adolescents and may be a behavioural marker for emergent mental illnesses. Aims To determine whether sporadic or recurrent NSSI up to the age of 14 years predicted increased risk of new onset of psychiatric disorder in the subsequent 3 years, independent of psychiatric symptoms and social risk factors. METHOD: In total, 945 individuals aged 14 years with no past/present history of mental illness completed a clinical interview and completed a questionnaire about NSSI at the ages of 14 and 17 years...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Katharina Kolbeck, Steffen Moritz, Julia Bierbrodt, Christina Andreou
Ongoing research is shifting towards a dimensional understanding of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Aim of this study was to identify personality profiles in BPD that are predictive of self-destructive behaviors. Personality traits were assessed (n = 130) according to the five-factor model of personality (i.e., Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness) and an additional factor called Risk Preference. Self-destructive behavior parameters such as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and other borderline typical dyscontrolled behaviors (e...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Greg Perlman, Molly Gromatsky, Kate Lee Salis, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (aNSSI) is associated with abnormal scores on personality traits, such as high neuroticism. However, no studies to date have examined personality facets of self-injury in a cohort younger than college-age. Plus, adolescent psychopathologies, especially Depressive Disorders, are associated with a similar personality profile and are highly comorbid with aNSSI. Consequently, it remains unclear whether personality provides insights about aNSSI in youth beyond that due to underlying psychopathology...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Danica Cvetković, Vladimir Živković, Irina Damjanjuk, Slobodan Nikolić
A 40-year-old drug addict, who was being treated with methadone and occupational therapy, committed suicide by striking a wooden pencil into his right eye socket. While still conscious, he hit his head hard against a table, jamming the pencil even deeper into his head. The autopsy showed that the pencil missed the globe and lodged in the inner part of the right eye socket. It pierced the orbital part of the right ethmoid bone, the right ethmoid cells, and the right superior nasal concha, then passed through the body of the sphenoid bone and the clivus of the occipital bone before stopping in the brain tissue...
February 24, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Paul H Soloff, Laurel Chiappetta
Prospective predictors of suicide attempts were assessed in 118 subjects with borderline personality disorder (BPD) after 10 or more years of follow-up. Mean (SD) time to follow-up was 14.4 (4.7) years. Subjects were predominately female (78.8%), Caucasian (81.4%), and of lower socioeconomic status. Initial recruitment was evenly balanced between inpatient, outpatient, and non-patient (community) sources. In the 10-year interval, 55 subjects (46.6%) attempted suicide. Compared to baseline, suicidal ideation, number of attempts, and non-suicidal self-injury diminished markedly...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Marla E Eisenberg
This study sought to identify factors distinguishing transgender/gender non-conforming (GNC) adolescents across three groups: no self-harm, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) only, and NSSI and suicide attempt (NSSI +SA). Data were from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey. The final analytic sample included 1,635 transgender/GNC students in grades 9 and 11. Logistic regression analyses determined factors that best distinguished transgender/GNC students who reported self-harm (NSSI only or NSSI +SA) from those who reported no self-harm, and transgender/GNC adolescents who reported NSSI +SA from those who reported NSSI only...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Dana Mayer, Evelyn Kahl, Taygun C Uzuneser, Markus Fendt
The relief from an aversive event is rewarding. Since organisms are able to learn which environmental cues can cease an aversive event, relief learning helps to better cope with future aversive events. Literature data suggest that relief learning is affected in various psychopathological conditions, such as anxiety disorders. Here, we investigated the role of the mesolimbic dopamine system in relief learning. Using a relief learning procedure in Sprague Dawley rats, we applied a combination of behavioral experiments with anatomical tracing, c-Fos immunohistochemistry, and local chemogenetic and pharmacological interventions to broadly characterize the role of the mesolimbic dopamine system...
February 5, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Taylor A Burke, Ross Jacobucci, Brooke A Ammerman, Marilyn Piccirillo, Michael S McCloskey, Richard G Heimberg, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with a history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are at alarmingly high risk for suicidal ideation (SI), planning (SP), and attempts (SA). Given these findings, research has begun to evaluate the features of this multi-faceted behavior that may be most important to assess when quantifying risk for SI, SP, and SA. However, no studies have examined the wide range of NSSI characteristics simultaneously when determining which NSSI features are most salient to suicide risk. The current study utilized three exploratory data mining techniques (elastic net regression, decision trees, random forests) to address these gaps in the literature...
January 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Judit Balázs, Dóra Győri, Lili Olga Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Dóra Szentiványi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with special focus on the role of comorbidities and gender in a clinical sample of adolescents with both a dimensional and a categorical approach to psychopathology. METHODS: Using a structured interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid and a self-rated questionnaire, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory, the authors examined 202 inpatient adolescents (aged: 13-18 years) in the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital and Outpatient Clinic, Budapest, Hungary...
February 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Sarah E Victor, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Nicole A Hayes, Gregory J Lengel, Denise M Styer, Jason J Washburn
While nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in both men and women, research exploring the intersection of NSSI and gender has been limited by the use of small samples of males drawn primarily from non-clinical populations. To address these limitations, we analyzed data from a large sample of patients enrolled in an NSSI partial hospitalization program (PHP) to compare males and females across several variables, including NSSI characteristics, correlates, and pre-post treatment outcomes. Results indicated similar NSSI characteristics and treatment outcomes for males and females, with few exceptions...
February 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Yaxuan Ren, Jianing You, Xu Zhang, Jiyi Huang, Bradley T Conner, Rui Sun, Sian Xu, Min-Pei Lin
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether different components of capability for suicide (i.e., fearlessness about death, pain tolerance, pain insensitivity, preparation for suicide, suicide plan, and courage), as well as painful and provocative events, nonsuicidal self-injury, depressive symptoms, and hopelessness, could distinguish between suicide attempters, suicide ideators, and non-suicidal controls. METHOD: A total of 930 Chinese adolescents completed questionnaires, and a multinomial logistic regression was conducted to identify factors that could distinguish between the three groups...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons, Carter J Betz, Emiko Petrosky
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2014, approximately 59,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 18 U.S. states for 2014. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
April Smith, Lauren Forrest, Elizabeth Velkoff
People with eating disorders have elevated interoceptive deficits and risk for self-injurious behaviors (SIBs). Across two eating disorder samples, the relationship between interoceptive deficits (IDs) and SIBs was tested. Study 1 (n = 100) found that suicide attempters and those engaging in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) had greater IDs than those with no self-injury history. Lack of access to emotion regulation strategies accounted for the link between IDs and SIBs. In Study 2 (n = 92) multiple suicide attempters had greater IDs than single attempters and those engaging in NSSI; however, the latter two groups did not differ from one another...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
Matthew Cassels, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Sharon Neufeld, Ian Goodyer, Peter B Jones, Paul Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a common harmful behavior during adolescence. Exposure to childhood family adversity (CFA) is associated with subsequent emergence of NSSI during adolescence. However, the pathways through which this early environmental risk may operate are not clear. AIMS: We tested four alternative hypotheses to explain the association between CFA and adolescent-onset NSSI. METHODS: A community sample of n = 933 fourteen year olds with no history of NSSI were followed up for 3 years...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Tara Santens, Laurence Claes, Guy S Diamond, Guy Bosmans
Depressive symptoms and self-harm, i.e. non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal behaviors, are highly prevalent in youngsters involved in Child Welfare System (CWS) services. Little research investigates, however, why these CWS youngsters are at risk. We explored whether trust in caregiver support and communication about experiences with primary caregivers, are associated with CWS youngsters' depressive symptoms and/or self-harm. An anonymous online survey of 271 CWS youngsters (10-21 years of age, 57.2% female) was used to assess trust and communication, and depressive symptoms/self-harm...
January 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
L Chen, R L Zhao, H Chen
Objective: This study aimed to explore the association of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and the coping styles in college undergraduate students. Methods: Cluster sampling techniques was used to recruit freshmen students from two universities in Wuhan. Brief COPE scale was used to measure the coping skills at the baseline study. Non-suicidal self-injury was studied one year later through a follow-up program. Results: The incidence of NSSI among college students was 2.3%. Students who reported NSSI had higher scores on Self-Blame dimension than those who did not...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
İrem Damla Çimen, Ayşen Coşkun, Nilay Etiler
Çimen İD, Coşkun A, Etiler N. Non-suicidal self-injury behaviors` features and relationship with adolescents` daily life activities and mental status. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 113-121. This study investigated, characteristics of the non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors and behaviors` relationship with the sociodemographic characteristics, psychological problems and other features like daily life activities, between the ages of 12 and 17 years in the central district İzmit of Kocaeli; 555 students whose data included to study received a sociodemographic questionnaire (SQ) and Youth Self-Report (YSR)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Melissa Chan, Tim M H Li, Yik Wa Law, Paul W C Wong, Michael Chau, Cecilia Cheng, King Wa Fu, John Bacon-Shone, Qijin Emily Cheng, Paul S F Yip
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the online distress and help-seeking behavior of youths in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone-based survey was conducted among 1,010 young people in Hong Kong. Logistic regression analysis was then performed to identify the factors associated with those who reported expressing emotional distress online and the differences in help-seeking behavior among four groups of youths: (1) the non-distressed (reference) group; (2) "Did not seek help" group; (3) "Seek informal help" group; and (4) "Seek formal help" group...
2017: PloS One
Tellervo Korhonen, Elina Sihvola, Antti Latvala, Danielle M Dick, Lea Pulkkinen, John Nurnberger, Richard J Rose, Jaakko Kaprio
BACKGROUND: Developmental relationships between tobacco use and suicide-related behaviors (SRB) remain unclear. Our objective was to investigate the longitudinal associations of tobacco use in adolescence and SRB in adulthood. METHODS: Using a prospective design, we examined whether tobacco use in adolescence is associated with SRB (intentional self-injury, suicide ideation) in young adulthood in a population-based sample of 1330 twins (626 males, 704 females). The baseline and follow-up data were collected by professionally administered semi-structured poly-diagnostic interviews at ages 14 and 22, respectively...
December 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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