keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-Suicidal Self Injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928071/a-behavioral-and-cognitive-neuroscience-perspective-on-impulsivity-suicide-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analysis-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#1
REVIEW
Richard T Liu, Zoë M Trout, Evelyn M Hernandez, Shayna M Cheek, Nimesha Gerlus
We conducted a meta-analysis of neurobehavioral and neurocognitive indices of impulsivity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors, as well as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In our systematic review, 34 studies were identified and submitted to a random-effects meta-analysis. A small pooled effect size was observed for the association between behavioral impulsivity and NSSI (OR=1.34, p<0.05). A small-to-medium pooled effect size (OR=2.23, p<0.001) was found for the association between behavioral impulsivity and suicide attempts, and a medium-to-large pooled effect size was observed for this outcome in relation to cognitive impulsivity (OR=3...
September 18, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903081/ethical-practices-in-community-based-research-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Nupur Singhal, Poornima Bhola
BACKGROUND: The growing interest in community-based research on non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) reflects the high prevalence rates found among vulnerable adolescents and young adults. A significant concern in research with vulnerable populations, and on sensitive topics, is the development of an ethical framework that protects the needs and rights of the participants while responding to researchers' goals and limitations and the broader clinical and public health concerns. AIM: The aim of the present study was to review the ethical practices followed in community-based research on NSSI...
September 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885089/non-suicidal-self-injury-elevates-suicide-risk-among-united-states-military-personnel-with-lifetime-attempted-suicide
#3
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVES: Military psychiatric inpatients with and without a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), combined with a history of at least one suicide attempt, were compared on suicide ideation severity, number of suicide attempts, and Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide variables. METHODS: Data was derived from baseline assessments performed in a psychotherapy randomized controlled trial. Lifetime history of NSSI and lifetime number of suicide attempts were assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS; Posner et al...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871369/self-inflicted-explosive-death-by-intra-oral-detonation-of-a-firecracker-a-case-report
#4
Musa Aubrey Makhoba, Lorraine du Toit-Prinsloo
Self-inflicted explosive deaths due to detonation of fireworks are rare. In this case report, a peculiar case of an elderly male who discharged a firecracker inside his mouth, resulting in fatal blast induced craniofacial injuries, is described. There is paucity of published data describing fireworks-related suicidal and/or non-suicidal deaths. Even scantier data is present specifically describing fireworks-related blast induced neurotrauma and the mechanism(s) of injury involved in such cases. This case report emphasizes the severe damage that a commercially available explosive, the so-called "Gorilla Bomb", can cause, and raises questions about the relative ease of its acquisition...
September 5, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867424/psychosocial-and-behavioral-factors-in-acetaminophen-related-acute-liver-failure-and-liver-injury
#5
Carla Pezzia, Corron Sanders, Suzanne Welch, Angela Bowling, William M Lee
OBJECTIVES: Acetaminophen overdoses result in nearly 500 deaths annually and a much larger number of hospitalizations. Suicidal overdoses are exceeded in number in the United States by unintentional overdoses. We evaluated clinical, demographic and psychosocial factors among unintentional and intentional overdose patients whose acetaminophen (APAP) toxicity had resulted in acute liver failure. We hypothesized that APAP overdose patients would be more likely to suffer from behavioral health issues and display higher impulsivity scores than the general population...
October 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838289/emotional-cascade-theory-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-importance-of-imagery-and-positive-affect
#6
Penelope A Hasking, Martina Di Simplicio, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
Grounded in Emotional Cascade Theory, we explored whether rumination and multisensory imagery-based cognitions moderated the relationships between affect and both odds of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and frequency of the behaviour. A sample of 393 university students completed self-report questionnaires assessing the constructs of interest. Contrary to expectations, rumination did not emerge as a significant moderator of the affect-NSSI relationship. However, the relationship between affect and frequency of NSSI was moderated by the use of imagery...
August 25, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837951/latent-classes-of-trait-affect-and-cognitive-affective-regulation-strategies-are-associated-with-depression-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-well-being
#7
Taylor A Burke, Brae Anne McArthur, Issar Daryanani, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to better understand the unique profiles of late adolescents' affective functioning by exploring patterns of trait affect and cognitive affective regulation strategies. The study also examined whether these unique profiles significantly predicted depressive symptoms, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and well-being outcomes. METHODS: Data from a sample of 590 late adolescents were examined (M = 19.14 years, SD = 1.41, 63% Female, 62% Caucasian, 38% African American/Biracial)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830485/re-development-of-mental-health-first-aid-guidelines-for-supporting-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-who-are-engaging-in-non-suicidal-self-injury
#8
Gregory Armstrong, Natalie Ironfield, Claire M Kelly, Katrina Dart, Kerry Arabena, Kathy Bond, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) disproportionally affects Indigenous Australians. Friends, family and frontline workers (for example, teachers, youth workers) are often best positioned to provide initial assistance if someone is engaging in NSSI. Culturally appropriate expert consensus guidelines on how to provide mental health first aid to Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders who are engaging in NSSI were developed in 2009. This study describes the re-development of these guidelines to ensure they contain the most current recommended helping actions...
August 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812444/a-psychometric-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-f
#9
Joshua Travis Brown, Fred Volk, Gabrielle L Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory-Functions (OSI-F) for assessing nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), a condition for further study in the DSM-5. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 345 students who indicated a history of self-injury in a university counseling center over six semesters from August 2009 to May 2012. METHOD: Participants completed the OSI-F as a measure on the psychological intake for the university counseling center...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805754/-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-non-suicidal-self-injuries-in-adolescents
#10
O B Levkovskaja, Ju S Shevchenko, L Ju Danilova, V V Grachev
AIM: To perform a phenomenological/clinical/psychopathological analysis of non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors studied 155 adolescents, 140 girls and 15 boys, aged 12-17 years, including 111 with self-cutting, 5 with self-burning, 4 with self-beating. Other cases included combined, multiple and other variants of NSSI. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: NSSI develop more often in female teenagers...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800516/repetitive-vs-occasional-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-school-related-factors-among-israeli-high-school-students
#11
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Tal Reshef Ben Mordechai, Gal Shoval
The current study explored the relationship between non-suicidal self-injuries (NSSI) and students' perceptions of school among adolescents. A sample of 594 high-school students (54.4% male; mean age 14.96) completed validated self-reported measures. Students were divided into three groups: repetitive-NSSI (more than 6 occasions), occasional-NSSI (at least once but less than 6), and no-NSSI. Multi-nominal regression, controlling for gender, age, and depression symptoms, indicated that teachers' psychological support, a sense of school belongingness, and negative perceptions of peer climate were significantly different between repetitive-NSSI and non-NSSI groups...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759336/patterns-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-their-relationship-with-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
The study aimed to identify the relationships between patterns of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), their severity, and suicide attempts among 107 youth (aged 15-25 years) with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Two principal patterns were identified via a graphical representation of retrospectively reported 12-month histories of NSSI. These were habitual (NSSI occurring at regular intervals) and random patterns (NSSI inconsistently spaced). Habitual patterns of NSSI were associated with lower severity and fewer suicide attempts than random patterns...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759324/non-suicidal-self-injury-sexuality-concerns-and-emotion-regulation-among-sexually-diverse-adolescents-a-multiple-mediation-analysis
#13
Gloria Fraser, Marc Stewart Wilson, Jessica Anne Garisch, Kealagh Robinson, Madeleine Brocklesby, Tahlia Kingi, Angelique O'Connell, Lynne Russell
Despite increasing interest in the prevalence and correlates of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in adolescent populations, relatively few studies have examined NSSI among lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adolescents. The current study explored sexuality concerns and elevated emotion dysregulation as potential mechanisms underlying the relationship between sexual orientation and elevated non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). A community sample of 1,799 adolescents completed a questionnaire assessing NSSI, sexual orientation, sexuality concerns, and emotion regulation...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754108/a-reversed-gender-pattern-a-meta-analysis-of-gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-non-suicidal-self-injurious-behaviour-among-chinese-adolescents
#14
Xueyan Yang, Marcus W Feldman
BACKGROUND: A reversed gender pattern has been observed in the suicide rate in China compared to elsewhere. Like suicidal behaviour, non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviour is a health-risk behaviour. We examined whether a reversed gender pattern existed in the prevalence of NSSI. METHODS: Online literature databases were searched for English and Chinese articles on NSSI behaviours among the Chinese. A meta-analysis with a random-effects model and a subgroup analysis were used to estimate the odds ratios of gender differences in NSSI prevalence among Chinese adolescents including college students, middle school students, and clinical samples, as well as rural, urban, and Hong Kong middle school students...
July 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738212/the-pattern-of-self-harm-in-fars-province-in-south-iran-a-population-based-study
#15
Saeid Gholamzadeh, Mozhghan Zahmatkeshan, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Elaheh Ghaffari, Sanaz Hoseni
Non-suicidal self-harm includes cutting, scratching, burning and minor overdosing. There have been few studies that have examined the rate and pattern of self-harm among different individuals of the society. We performed a population-based study to determine different aspects of non-suicidal self-harm in cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars Province and south Iran. In a population-based longitudinal survey, we applied data from cases referred to legal medicine organization of Fars province...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736544/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-eating-disordered-patients-associations-with-heart-rate-variability-and-state-trait-anxiety
#16
Cristina Giner-Bartolome, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Trevor Steward, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda
Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is commonly present in individuals with eating disorders (EDs) and is often employed as a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy to avoid or abate negative emotions. One of the most prevalent negative emotions experienced by self-injurers is anxiety; however, this emotion has not been extensively studied in this population. Thus, the aim of our study was to investigate the influence of anxiety on NSSI in patients with ED from two different dimensions: state anxiety and trait anxiety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725956/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-clinical-correlates-and-impact-on-psychosocial-treatment-outcomes
#17
Heather A MacPherson, Sally M Weinstein, Amy E West
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in childhood is not well documented, especially among youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study evaluated prevalence and correlates of NSSI, and its impact on intervention response, in a randomized trial of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU), adjunctive to pharmacotherapy. This study included 72 children ages 7-13 (58% male) with PBD. NSSI and correlates were assessed at baseline; mood and psychiatric severity were measured longitudinally...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#19
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698352/frequency-and-preventative-interventions-for-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-primary-school-age-children-a-scoping-review-protocol
#20
Danai Bem, Charlotte Connor, Colin Palmer, Sunita Channa, Max Birchwood
INTRODUCTION: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviour have been witnessed in children as young as 6-7 years of age, but while there are many reviews of preventative interventions for NSSI and suicide in adolescents, few have explored its prevalence in younger children and the potential impact of preventative interventions at this stage of life. NSSI and suicidal behaviour are an increasing concern in schools but school-based programmes can improve knowledge, attitudes and help-seeking behaviours and help prevent escalation of NSSI and later suicide...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
13741
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"